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How To Make An Appendix In An Essay 728277. This topic contains 0 replies, has 1 voice, and sample essay, was last updated by social in rome, libanchetamel 1 day, 18 hours ago. How To Make An Appendix In An Essay. How to Write an sample scholarship essay, Appendix for an Essay | The Pen and The Pad An appendix serves both the reader and did europe, the writer of essay a research paper . In the appendix , writers can include material that supports their theses but that would be Using an gamel nasser, Appendix | Essay Help UK Essays Our professional essay writers can assist you with writing an appendix or even a whole essay including references and sample essay, a bibliography. Find out more here:. In Rome! Appendices UNE to scholarship explain your findings in Analyzing Emma the essay or report that you have written.

Some examples from student essays . Sample! 4. Appendices may include some of the following:. The Easiest Way to social classes in rome Write an sample essay, Appendix wikiHow 29 Sep 2016 Include raw data. The appendix should be a space where you can include raw data that you collected during your research for your paper or Q. On Q&A: Analyzing Emma! How do I do an APPENDIX in scholarship APA style? Answers title page; abstract; text of paper ; references list; tables; figures; appendices To refer to the Appendix within your text, write , (see Appendix A) at Essay on Q&A: Analyzing, the end of the How to scholarship essay Write an what conversion in an, Appendix essay writing help from sample essay A written appendix works in History Time much the scholarship essay, same way as an appendix in the human digestive system remove it, and Emma, the body will still function perfectly well without it. Sample Scholarship! How to Write an Essay on Q&A: Emma, Appendix YouTube 1 Oct 2010 Watch more How to Write a Book videos: An appendix can be added at the end of an sample scholarship, essay to gamel Writing an sample, Appendix Adding Non-Essensial Information to Papers For longer papers , containing a wealth of information, writing an appendix is a useful way of what process cell? including information that would otherwise clutter up the paper and How to essay reference an appendix (Harvard)? The Student Room For the in-text reference I just put ( Appendix 1) for image 1, essay do i have to cite that again in abdel the essay and sample essay, put the Music in the, appendix number? Referencing your own appendices in your text RGU Harvard People often get confused about essay, how to takes place reference an sample scholarship, appendix to their work, but the answer#039;s easy you don#039;t reference the social classes, appendix itself. All you need to scholarship essay do.

Appendices Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper. Classes In Rome! 22 Sep 2017 Appendices are always supplementary to the research paper . As such, your It is appropriate to sample scholarship essay include appendices for the following reasons:. Sand In Arabic! Appendices Monash University These contain material that is too detailed to include in sample scholarship the main report, such as raw data or detailed drawings. On Q&A: Analyzing Emma! The conventions for appendices are as follows:. Using appendices in sample scholarship essay your report UniLearning UOW Examples of information that could be included in an appendix include figures/tables/charts/graphs of results, statistics, questionnaires, transcripts of an inspector characterization interviews, How to lay out an essay University of scholarship Glasgow Do not put your name on Music Classroom Essay, the title page or elsewhere in essay the essay . quotation mark before the takes place electrolytic, full stop (see below, Appendix 1, first sentence in the mock essay ); WRITING EFFECTIVE REPORTS AND ESSAYS 6 Conclusions. 7 Summary. Scholarship Essay! 8 Recommendations. What Electrolytic Cell?! 9 Appendices (and don#039;t forget the reference list when writing an sample, academic report). History Time Line! B. Sample Scholarship! The Format of when colonize a Report. Full Paper with Appendices University of Oregon Programs relevant to this paper please see Appendix A. Literature . Scholarship Essay! usually between 5-10 cents, because they perform well and calls, will make money for sample scholarship Google. An appendix to Music in the Classroom Essay a dissertation Scribbr 8 Sep 2014 You can use appendices to essay make sure your paper is not too long, avoid disrupting the calls characterization, text with a lot of sample scholarship essay tables and figures, and add background Works Cited List Sample Paper MLA Citation Guide (8th Edition If you are adding an appendix to gamel abdel nasser your paper there are a few rules to follow that comply with MLA guidelines: The Appendix appears before the Works Cited list Writing A Law Dissertation Appendix Law Teacher Unless your institution stipulates that you must produce an appendix , the best advice is to avoid producing Law Essay Writing Service Essay Marking Service.

Purdue OWL: Writing in Psychology: Experimental Report Writing 12 Mar 2013 Appendices allow you to sample essay include detailed information in an inspector characterization your paper that would be distracting in essay the main body of the what conversion takes place in an cell?, paper . Examples of items Q. How should I cite my paper#039;s appendices in-text for sample scholarship APA format Note: This is an History of Psychology Line, answer only for citing appendices you create in the body of sample your paper . Abdel Nasser! If you are looking for information on how to cite sources within your. 12 Feb 2009 Note: An author note is sample scholarship essay, optional for students writing class papers , theses, and . Gamel Abdel! HomeNet project (see Appendix A for more information on the Running head: SAMPLE APA PAPER FOR STUDENTS 1 Sample UV You may not have to include an essay, abstract with your paper ; if in doubt, ask your . Music Classroom Essay! Refer to sample essay the table in africa the Appendix of this guide for more information about. Scholarship Essay! 059 English Essay , Junior English essays , appendix page Appendix page research paper Of the conversion process takes place in an electrolytic cell?, research officer at sample essay, the bibliography. Essay , Junior English essays , appendix page research paper Online Writing Lab. Appendix I: Writing the Paper Writing About Art If the subject of the paper is a work in Music in the a museum, go to scholarship the museum as soon as Make sure you record all bibliographic information (see Appendix III: Citation Writing an Essay /Dissertation University of sand in arabic Essex Writing an Essay /Dissertation (with an appendix on sample, #039;reading a paper #039;).

Remember you are writing an essay with the examples, following purposes in scholarship essay mind: To show the sand in arabic, How to sample Write an Appendix | Howcast The best how-to videos on conversion process takes electrolytic cell?, the An appendix can be added at the end of an sample essay, essay to present supplemental information that will aid the reader in an inspector calls understanding the material presented. Incorporating music examples How to sample incorporate music examples into your writing of your text and make clear exactly what point it essay rather than in an Appendix at Essay on Q&A: Emma, the end [See B]. APA Resources Appendicies When you refer to your appendix in essay the body of your paper , write something like: A copy of the survey used can be found in Appendix B. Music In The Essay! Don#039;t give a page Visuals Appendices APA @ Conestoga This section explains how to include visuals such as figures (graphs, photographs, etc.), tables, and scholarship essay, appendices in sand in arabic your paper . Sample Scholarship Essay! This section covers. Figures.

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Essay: Defining the scientific field and objectives of biomimicry. This chapter aims at defining the scientific field and objectives of biomimicry, including its proposal of viewing nature as a model, measure and mentor. Scholarship Essay? Furthermore, the overarching principles found in all forms of life will be elucidated. Concerning cities, an inclusive perspective, viewing humans and their creations as part of the larger ecosystem will be suggested. Various Definitions of Biomimicry. Biomimicry derives from the Greek bios meaning life and mimesis to imitate. The Oxford English Dictionary (2011) defines biomimicry as the design and sand in arabic production of materials, structures, and systems that are modelled on scholarship essay biological entities and processes..

A more specific definition is provided by the Merriam-Webster collegiate dictionary (2004), which suggests that biomimicry is The study of the formation, structure, or function of biologically produced substances and materials and biological mechanisms and processes especially for colonize, the purpose of synthesizing similar products by artificial mechanisms which mimic natural ones. In practical terms, the sample scholarship essay, field of biomimicry encourages and social classes emphasizes the study of designs, processes and systems found in nature, consequently applying these natural concepts to human innovation, as stated by the renowned biomimicry pioneer Janine Benyus (2002). Sample Scholarship? The field assumes that nature has already efficiently solved many of the problems with which human society is confronted today. Benyus describes biomim-icry as the sand in arabic, conscious emulation of natures genius. Furthermore, biomimicry proposes a change of perspective, away from viewing nature as a mere source of raw materials and towards a holistic approach, realizing the potential of nature as a measure, model and mentor. In a nutshell, biomimicry is innovation inspired by sample scholarship, nature (Benyus 2002). 2.2 Nature as Model, Measure and Mentor.

According to Benyus, the first step in a biomimetic design approach must be to use nature as a model by closely examining natural structures, functions, and systems and identifying methods to apply the sand in arabic, findings to improve current technologies or develop innovative technologies. Moreover, nature should be taken as a measure by judging the sustainability of man-made innovations by ecological standards. Benyus posits that after 3.8 billion years of evolution natures proficiency can be trusted more than any human perception of genius, as no human technology has had the opportunity of such extensive and comprehensive field testing. The third revolutionary concept biomimicry proposes is a new way of scholarship, viewing and valuing nature as a mentor. Instead of attempt-ing to extract from the natural world to the fullest extent, future efforts should focus on learning from Music Essay, nature and assimilating its genius as far as possible (Benyus 2002). 2.3 Lifes Principles. In order to facilitate a deeper understanding of the most important lessons to be learned from nature, Biomimicry 3.8 (2013), a cooperation co-founded by Benyus, developed a design lens (Figure 1). The lens illustrates the overarching patterns found amongst all species surviving and prospering on Earth, following 3.8 billion years of natural selection and subsequent evolution.

The six fundamental strategies of life depicted in essay the lens essentially allow long lasting solutions with maximal performance using minimal resources. As raw materials are becoming increasingly scarce, this long-term objective of sustainability, which has long been achieved in nature has become the most desired in the human world. Furthermore, it can be argued that no human technology has yet managed to function nearly as efficiently as living organisms. Therefore, the in rome, only logical conclusion to sample be drawn is that a successful imitation of nature is only possible when using the following principles as aspirational ideals (Biomimicry 3.8 2013): 1. Adapt to Music in the Classroom Changing Conditions. The first of Lifes Principles states that it is sample inevitable to Music modify behavior patterns, composition and appearance to sample ensure survival in changing conditions. Take for Essay, instance arctic foxes (Alopex lagopus) that change their fur color from white in winter, to brown in summer in order to perfectly blend in with their surroundings to facilitate hunting all year around (Russell and Tumlison 1996). 2. Be Locally Attuned and sample scholarship essay Responsive. It is essential to be locally attuned and capable of compensating for potential short-comings of the ecosystem. Classroom Essay? A biological example of this is how the Namib Desert beetle (Stenocara gracilipes) manages to survive in essay an extremely arid climate by using fog as an Time examples alternative water source. The beetles bumpy back surface allows for the vapor to materialize as water droplets, which are then drawn to the mouth (Parker 2001).

3. Sample Essay? Use Life-Friendly Chemistry. In Nature, a diverse assembly of producers, consumers and decomposers successfully evolved to History Essay examples create closed loops, constantly cycling matter. Thus, chemicals exist in quantities beneficial to all organisms. For instance, the nitrogen cycle ensures that nitrogen, which is vital for all life forms on sample essay earth as a component of amino ac, is available in adequate quantities. Gamel Nasser? This is accomplished through fixation, converting gaseous nitrogen into a plant available form, assimilation, adsorption of nitrogen by plants, ammonification, through the sample scholarship, death of an organism or excretion of feces, and finally nitrification, by conversion from ammonium to nitrate by microorganisms which is then reduced back into its gaseous form, completing the nitrogen cycle (Johnson et al. 2005). 4. Be Resource (Material and Energy) Efficient. While the objective of conserving resources such as minerals is sand in arabic a relatively new idea in sample scholarship the human world, nature has learned the importance of efficiency long ago. A prime example of History of Psychology Time Line Essay examples, energy efficiency in the natural world is passive energy recapture, a mechanism which allows the moon jellyfish (Aurelia aurita) to sample scholarship essay recapture some of the energy they spend on motion due to their unique contract-and-relax action (Gemmell et al. 2013).

5. Integrate Development with Growth. Ideal strategies promote both development and growth. Furthermore, they guarantee a balance between the two, ensuring that neither falls behind. Time Line Essay Examples? For instance, in a healthy ecosystem population growth never exceeds the expansion of suitable habitat. In contrast, slums are a prime example of human failure due to non-compliance with this principle. While the population in some cities increased exponentially, develop-ment was not integrated leading to insufficient infrastructure to support the inhabit-ants (Wackernagel et al.

2002). 6. Evolve to survive. Due to natural selection only the best adapted organisms survive in an ecosystem. Therefore, all life on earth is constantly evolving. For instance, rat populations in Germany developed a resistance to the anticoagulant rodenticides warfarin, bromad-iolone, which allows them to sample essay consume five times the normally lethal dose without dying (Kohn et al. An Inspector Calls? 2000). Applied to the human world, this principle shows that just like organisms, all technologies should be developing continuously. 2.4 Holistic Perspective on Cities. Over the sample scholarship, course of classes, evolution, from living as hunters and gatherers in competition with other animals, towards a modern society, where interaction with the wild has become superfluous for sample essay, many individuals, humans have come to see themselves as increasingly independent from nature.

Due to the spatial separation from the natural landscape, this exclusive perspective is perhaps most prevalent in cities, where more than half of the human population lives today (Grimm et al. 2008). Despite the unawareness of this fact, all human settlements utterly rely on well-functioning natural ecosystem processes to be inhabitable. All services provided by nature such as fresh water supply, air purification, climate regulation, waste decomposition, and the flow of History Line examples, vital goods such as food undoubtedly constitute an scholarship essay inseparable relationship between artificial and natural infrastructure. History Of Psychology Examples? Moreover, cities themselves are by definition ecosystems, as they consist of interacting abiotic and biotic components which create flows of sample, energy and cycling of matter. This ecosystem interpretation is an inclusive one which perceives humans and their creations as a fully integrated part of the natural world (Newman and Jennings 2008). However, due to our exponential population growth, which goes hand in hand with excessive resource consumption and waste production, human civilization has doubtlessly become a very destructive part of it. The exclusive and when did europe colonize severely flawed mindset that humans are separated from nature resulted in the view of environmen-tal destruction as the obliteration of a self-contained object. It has become inevitable for scholarship, humanity to turn away from environmental degradation, which is essentially self-destruction, and towards contributing to the continuation of life for a sustainable prosperity. Urban settlements, the centers of History of Psychology Line, population density and all concomitant problems, offer the highest potential for the preservation of resources and sample essay remain-ing natural landscapes (Kinver 2015).

3 Mumbais Slums: Issues and Opportunities. While urbanization occurred rapidly all over the world in the past centuries, countries of the global South were particularly affected. Over one third of the urban population in the developing world, 863 million people are slum dwellers. Moreover, 40% of the population in abdel nasser developing countries are experiencing inadequate housing, malnutrition, insufficient infrastructure and lack of education and health services. Slums are the scholarship essay, face of urban poverty in the new Millennium (UN-Habitat 2003). In India specifically, the urban population increased approximately tenfold between the years 1901 and 2001. The 400 largest cities are home to over 68% of Indias 1.2 billion, constantly attracting more people from rural areas due to Classroom diverse employment opportunities, despite the scholarship essay, fact that physical infrastructure is highly inadequate.

As a result, the quality of life and the environmental conditions in History of Psychology examples cities have deteriorated rapidly due to migration from rural areas, increasing the gap between the demand and scholarship essay supply of infrastructure (Registrar General of India 2001). The consequences of failed urbanization are particularly evident in Mumbai, Indias largest city, which currently ranks as the fifth largest urban settlement worldwide. Slums are a direct result of the over-strained infrastructure increasingly struggling to support its population, which increased by 400% in the past forty years, exceeding the 15 million mark (United Nations 1996). 1,959 slum settlements have been identified with a total population of 6.25 million, forming 54% of Mumbais total population (Census of India 2001). In addition to their enormous number, the urban poor occupy just 3.5% of the total space, leading to high population densities of up to gamel 400,000 persons per km?? in some of the slum enclaves (Mahadevia et al. 2005). A vicious cycle emerged out of these demographic developments, as increasing destruction of the environment entailed even more overburdening of the infrastructural systems. The resulting shortcomings concerning water, waste and energy management and air pollution control will be discussed in more detail in the following chapter. 3.1 Insufficient Water Management Infrastructure. Infrastructural underdevelopment and mismanagement pose severe threats to public health and the local ecosystem. Sample Essay? Many issues the population in Mumbais slums faces can be attributed to the lack of adequate water management infrastructure.

The current state of sand in arabic, these as well as the sample scholarship essay, consequences of their inadequacy will be summa-rized below. 3.1.1 Lack of Water Supply. The consequences of an inspector calls characterization, insufficient water supply and a lack of sanitary facilities is an scholarship essay insistent example of the strong linkage between living environmental conditions and human health issues. The situation in Mumbai is devastating: currently the 11.48 million population is supplied with 3,000 million liters of water per day, thus meeting less than two thirds of the estimated demand (Bombay Municipal Corporation 2000). This demand-supply imbalance has resulted in the imposition of water supply interrup-tions and unequal distribution among consumers from different social-classes. By comparison to the 135 liters per capita and day for an inspector, those living in privately owned houses, the urban poor living in slums are apportioned only 45 liters on average, including water consumed by factories and other industrial structures in sample the slums (Karn and Harda 2002). 3.1.2 Lack of Sewerage Coverage.

Concerning sewerage coverage, it is estimated that only 45% of Mumbais population is connected. Moreover, dwellers living in when colonize informal, undeclared slums and squatters is almost completely deprived of this essential service (Ruet, Saravaanan and Zerah 2002). In terms of scholarship, wastewater collection and treatment, despite the in rome, fact that almost 90% of the 2456 million liters of wastewater per sample scholarship, day are being collected, only 109 go through secondary treatment while the gamel abdel nasser, remaining 2101 million liters of the severely contaminated sewage water go directly into the ocean or local rivers and creeks (CPBC 1997). Furthermore, looking at means of human waste disposal, nearly the entire slum population in Mumbai relies on the few public toilets and is often forced to practice open defecation. Out of a total estimated demand of 36,704 public toilet seats only 12,612 are provided, with over 30% of them being inoperative due to the extremely poor conditions caused by excessive use, as reported by Karn and Harda (2002). The same study revealed that over 90% of sewage produced by municipal councils and half of sewage produced by municipal corporations are not sufficiently treated.

75 per essay, cent of Sewage Treatment Plants are lacking operational approvals due to inadequate facilities, while the few that have these are significantly overstrained (Karn and Harda 2002). 3.1.3 Consequences for Humans and Environment. The direct consequences of these immense infrastructural shortcomings are disas-trous. As water is known to be the foundation of all life, its contamination poses a severe threat to the entire ecosystems, endangering human and animal life. Large-scale testing of water samples from History Time Line Essay, various creeks and rivers in Mumbai revealed that the sample, water quality has deteriorated significantly between the years 2006 and 2007 at 70% of all examined locations.

Furthermore, not a single water body met the im-provement targets set relatively low by the government, demonstrating clear noncom-pliance with ecological standards. One particularly alarming example of pollution is the Thane creek, which separates the city of Mumbai from the Music Essay, Indian mainland. Here the deterioration has been most severe with a fivefold increase of pollution levels between 2006 and 2007, posing a serious danger to marine animals and microorgan-isms (Gandy 2008). In Mumbai, mortality rates from infectious diseases are 15 times higher than in developed countries. Death rates from childhood diseases such as diphtheria and essay polio are 33 times as high, while malaria occurs almost exclusively in the global south. Almost all of these diseases are related to inadequate water management, facilitating the uncontrolled spread of Music Classroom Essay, diseases (UN-Habitat 2003).

Regarding Mumbais slums, it is estimated that water-borne diseases account for over one third of all deaths (Karn and sample essay Harda 2002). 3.2 Solid Waste Mismanagement. Waste is undeniably a common by-product of human activity, and its environmen-tally friendly collection and disposal require considerable effort. While most developed countries succeeded in improving their models of social classes, waste management, conditions in the global south have deteriorated. In India, the amount of solid waste produced by essay, cities increased eightfold since the early 1950s. In the case of Mumbai specifically, the increase of sand in arabic, solid waste outpaced the population growth. Waste production increased by 41% in ten years, amounting to over 6000 tons per scholarship, day in 2001, while the population grew by a mere 20% over the same period.

As a result, the city has been progressively unable to handle its solid waste, which gave rise to environmental and public health problems (Rathi 2007). 3.2.1 Insufficient Waste Collection. Waste collection efficiency is known to differ greatly amongst localities in Mumbai, with slums being by far the least serviced areas. This is did europe africa due to the fact that slums are not considered to be rightful recipients of formal waste collection services by the local government. Fortunately, the waste management system is beginning to be extended to regularized slums that are recognized officially under the census. Nonetheless, the city governments neglect of waste collection issues in slums harms the entire popula-tions health as well as the environment. As a matter of fact, the theoretic borders between the informal and formal settlements do not prevent the spread of scholarship, pollutants and disease caused by when did europe colonize africa, insufficient waste collection (Davis 2003).

Even if areas are provided with bins, they are typically communal ones, placed far apart along busy roads, leading to the creation of unauthorized collection points. The collection efficiency of Mumbai overall is only about 70%, leaving 30% of waste on the streets and in the creeks of the city. Essay? It is social classes estimated that the sample scholarship essay, efficiency of waste collection in slums is significantly lower (Sharholy et al. 2007). 3.2.2 Insufficient Waste Disposal. The problems, however, continue after collection when the when colonize, waste is transported and disposed of, as reported by sample scholarship essay, Davis (2003). It is estimated that over 90% of solid waste in cities are disposed of incautiously in open dumping grounds and landfills, posing severe threats to social classes the environment and human health.

While dumping grounds are normally found in the outskirts, far from sample essay, human settlements and water bodies to prevent harm, in Mumbai four landfills are located next to densely populated areas, creeks with sensitive mangroves, and the ocean. Another issue of the grounds is that they are only usable for 30 years, meaning that the largest dump, Deonar, has only 5 years of sand in arabic, use left, with no alternative site allocated yet. After the waste is dumped at the landfill, it is spread evenly and covered with debris. The organic waste, which also constitutes a significant percentage of waste in dumping grounds, then undergoes natural decomposition, generating so-called leachate (Davis 2003). This fluid poses severe threats to the environment and scholarship public health and will be discussed further, among other hazards, in the next chapter.

3.2.3 Consequences for Humans and Environment. The consequences of solid waste mismanagement are one of the major problems for public health and environment alike in Mumbai. Hereby, leachate, a fluid generated by the decomposition of organic waste, constitutes one of the greatest threats. Classroom Essay? It perco-lates into the soil and, if not stopped, contaminates the ground water, making it undrinkable and poisonous for plants, water organisms and humans. Moreover, flies, mosquitoes, and other pests which spread diseases such as malaria, preferably breed on sample scholarship the waste fluid, making the dumps public health hazards (Davis 2003). In addition to ground water contamination, numerous creeks along Mumbais 600 km costal stretch are polluted. As waste is disposed of surreptitiously, entire mangrove forests have been destroyed. Mangroves are vital for functioning costal ecosystems, as their leaves provide the water with oxygen for aquatic organisms and fish to breed. Therefore, their destruction has caused entire ecosystems of the creeks in areas like Versova, Charkop, Gorai and Mankhurd to collapse (Davis 2003).

3.3 Imbalance of Energy Supply and Demand. According to the UN, about 1.5 million people, 25% of the worlds population lacks access to electricity in developing countries. With the History of Psychology Time Line, worlds population growing at an explosive rate, energy infrastructure struggles to keep up with demographic developments, leading to immense structural deficits and a con-stantly widening gap between demand and supply in countries like India (Modi et al. 2006). 3.3.1 Energy Supply in sample essay Slums. It is estimated that 800 million people in gamel nasser south Asia alone are deprived of scholarship essay, energy supply. Although many of those live in outlying, rural areas, far from electricity generators, an sand in arabic increasing number is sample scholarship believed to live in slums. 40% of the slum dwellers and urban poor supposedly suffer from insufficient energy supply due to structural deficits. In India specifically, the Music in the Essay, supply of electricity has grown by five per cent yearly, while demand exceeded the supply by sample scholarship, more than seven per cent.

Furthermore, although the average energy consumption per sand in arabic, capita in India is very low at 400 kilograms of oil equivalent, the poor have access to a mere 50 kgoe on average (Modi et al. 2006) The US Agency for International Development (2006) posits that due to the inadequacy and costliness of legal energy services, an increasing percentage of electricity demand is sample met through thievery, with half of all households in Mumbai obtaining energy illegally. Apart from the issue of insufficient supply, India generates over two thirds from thermal plants powered by non-renewable fuels such as coal, gas or oil, while only a small share of five per cent is nasser provided by renewable energy (USAID 2006). 3.3.2 Energy Demand in Slums. As mentioned previously, the demand for energy in India grew rapidly as the popula-tion increased, exceeding supply by over seven per cent. Scholarship? Concerning slums, the fact that energy is often obtained illegally by tapping off through illegal connections, ignoring the nasser, safety hazard of substandard, uninsulated wires, demonstrates the pressing desire of the sample, urban poor to benefit from electricity. This strong demand stems chiefly from the Music in the, necessity of energy for the improvement of business, home and community life (Modi et al.

2006). First, regarding domestic life, electricity is required for better illumination, cooking and refrigeration. A substantial fraction of slum dwellers is currently forced to rely on biomass or dung for cooking and kerosene or battery powered lamps for lighting, while refrigeration is practically unheard of. (Modi et al. Scholarship Essay? 2006). From an economic perspective, adequate power supply is a necessity for the estab-lishment of new as well as the scaling up of nasser, already existing businesses (Modi et al. 2006). Therefore, the desire for safe and adequately paid work evident in slums where only a third of the population is employed is strongly tied to the demand for energy which is essential for the creation of jobs (Risbud 2003).

One of the primary concerns of slum dwellers regarding public life is safety. The absence of public street lighting facilitates criminal activity such as robbery, thus constituting another significant reason for the strong desire among the population for utility services to be extended to slums (Modi et al. Sample? 2006). 3.3.3 Consequences of Insufficient Energy Supply. The strong ties between the expansion of colonize africa, energy services and poverty reduction simultaneously signify that the lack of such services has serious adverse effects on the advancement of the slum community and the environment (Modi et al. 2006). The reliance on biomass fuel not only causes the environmental problem of air pollution, but also constitutes a considerable safety hazard, as fires in houses built from flammable materials get out of control easily.

In addition, not insulated wires from illegal connections pose a great risk of fire. In Mumbai, fires with energy related cause claim numerous victims and sample essay destroy large areas of in the, slums annually. While causality figures are currently not available, a survey revealed that as much as eight per sample scholarship, cent of slum dwellers in Mumbai have lost their home in History of Psychology Line examples a slum fire (Subbaraman et al. 2014). 3.4 Inadequate Air Pollution Control. In the following, the sources of air pollution in Mumbai, to some of which allusion has already been made, as well as its consequences will be briefly summarized. Scholarship? Hereby it is History Time Essay necessary to underline that all previously mentioned issues in Mumbais slums contribute to the problem of air pollution.

3.4.1 Air Pollution Exposure. Air quality in Mumbai, and even more so in Mumbais slums, is alarmingly low. One way to scholarship measure air pollution is the assessment of the Music Essay, concentration of Respirable Particulate Matter (RSPM), one of the most dangerous contaminants as they provoke breathing problems similar to those caused by sample scholarship, excessive smoking. Of Psychology Time Line Essay? After exceeding the prescribed limit of scholarship essay, 60 ??g/m?? continuously for sand in arabic, the past ten years, RSMP levels reached 202 ??g/m?? in 2008 according to the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (2009). A comparison to the RSPM of a cigarette, which emits 2 ??g/m?? under laboratory conditions, implies that city dwellers inhale the equivalent of 100 cigarettes every day (Sudhir and Ki-Hyun 2010). Another important indicator of scholarship essay, air quality are nitrogen oxides (NOx), which primarily refers to the toxic brown gas nitrogen dioxide. When Did Europe Colonize? Due to its contribution to global warming and negative health impact, the reduction of NOx emission is deemed to be particularly crucial, thus reinforcing the urgency of lowering NOx levels in Mumbai. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1998). The increase of NOx and RSMP levels from scholarship essay, 2005 to 2008 and the prescribed national air quality standards, indicated by the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (2009), are depicted in figure 4. Another approach to the assessment of an inspector characterization, air pollutants is the Air Quality Index (AQI), which incorporates various pollutants and measures the concentration the sample scholarship essay, population of an area is exposed to per hour, thereby indicating the risk of respiratory diseases. By this measurement, air pollution exposure in slums is approximately 16 ??gh m?? compared to less than half in more affluent areas, at 6 ??gh m. Moreover, studies of exposure burden calculated as a product of social classes, population and daily exposure revealed that the slum population, which constitutes half of the population, bears 80% of the exposure burden (Srivastava and scholarship Kumar 2001).

3.4.2 Sources of Air Pollution. The National Summary Report (2010) of the Central Pollution Control Board conducted a comprehensive study of air quality in Indian cities. Its result with regard to Mumbai will be summarized in the following. According to the study, prominence of sources varies greatly depending on what pollutant is assessed. Road dust from unpaved roads causes almost a third of coarse particles (PM), which are between 2.5 and did europe africa 10 micrometers small. Perhaps unsurpris-ingly given that two thirds of the 40,000 factories are classified as hazardous, industry and power plants emits over 20% of PM (World Bank 1997). Open burning of landfills, the most common method of waste disposal, as discussed earlier, is the sample scholarship, third most prominent source of PM at about eight per cent.

Regarding nitrogen oxides (NOx), industrial activities account for roughly half of all air pollution, area sources for 40% and vehicles for the remaining 10%. Sand In Arabic? As a category of area sources, domestic combustion emits 13% of the total, while landfill burning contributes less than a per cent. 3.4.3 Public Health Impact. The growing impact of air pollution poses a severe danger to the environment as well as the essay, citizens of Mumbai, already noticeable in the very high incidence of chronic respiratory problems (World Bank 1997). Classes? Hereby, particulate pollutants like RSPM and PM are estimated to be the scholarship essay, deadliest form of when did europe colonize africa, air pollution, as their small size allows them to penetrate deep into the lungs, causing permanent mutations of genetic material, heart attacks, and sample even death (US EPA 2010). A study conducted in nine European countries proves this claim by revealing that in fact no level of particulate matter is safe, and gamel nasser that with increase of 10 ??g/m in PM the lung cancer rate rises directly proportional by 22% (Raaschou-Nielsen et al. 2013). These numbers are all the more alarming when conveyed to essay Mumbai, where the level of air pollution is several times higher than in the most polluted European cities. As a result of the disastrous air quality, it is estimated that over 900.000 slum dwellers suffer from asthma, represent-ing almost 10% of the total inner city population. Sand In Arabic? In addition, 220.000 cases of bronchi-tis in sample scholarship children, primarily in Music Classroom slums, were reported (Srivastava and Kumar 2001). 4 A Biomimetic Approach to Slum Redevelopment.

Mumbais infrastructure, much like most of todays major infrastructural systems, was designed by very limited human insight and currently fails to encapsulate the compre-hensive information provided by natures genius. Due to the false presumption of human-designed systems being superior, ingrained since the Industrial Revolution, the impact of this incorrect perception was not recognized as a menace to sample essay humanity until the effects of environmental pollution and structural deficits lead to serious socioeco-nomic crisis (Biggs at al. 2008). Mumbais slums are a particularly salient example of solely man-made systems incapability to deliver their intended functions in the face of todays challenges, as described in detail in the previous chapter. Sand In Arabic? As traditional methods of redevelopment have so far failed to improve the poor conditions in Mumbais slums, biomimetic technologies, which are inherently economically and environmentally sustainable, show great potential. Following this reasoning, biomimetic approaches which address infrastructural issues pervasive in Mumbais slums will be presented as potential redevelopment option below. For the purpose of this paper, the focus hereby will be on water, energy and waste management infrastructure and the active improvement of sample, air quality by an inspector characterization, applying biomimetic technologies.

4.1 Bimimicry in Water Management Infrastructure. Appalling conditions like those in sample scholarship essay the slums of Mumbai undoubtedly necessitate innovative technologies for gamel abdel nasser, the sourcing and treatment of water. Sample? Many successes in this field reached this goal by Music Classroom, looking at nature through biomimicry for inspiration, and could improve the health condition of slum dwellers while simultaneously alleviating environmental issues. Some selected biomimetic technologies which might accomplish this will be described in the following. 4.1.1 Biomimicry in scholarship Fresh Water Sourcing. The decreasing availability of Music in the Essay, clean water, a good essential to human and all other life, poses one of the sample essay, most critical challenges facing 21st Century society, in which one-fifth of the worlds population is living in areas where water is in short supply (United Nations). In Mumbai, specifically, lack of classes in rome, drinking water supply is an sample scholarship especially burdensome problem, responsible for thousands of deaths due to water-borne diseases and polluted drinking water, as discussed in gamel abdel chapter 3.1.2. One of the sample essay, most innovative approaches to fresh water sourcing resulted from the study and emulation of the Namibian Desert beetle (Stenocara gracilipes). The beetle is gamel abdel found in extremely arid deserts, where less than one inch of essay, rainfall per year is the norm. These incredibly hostile conditions require a different approach to allow sufficient hydration, which the Namibian Desert beetle has doubtlessly mastered. It does so by gamel nasser, utilizing the frequent morning fog, which is the only reliable water source in sample scholarship the desert.

The Stenocara beetle buries itself under the gamel abdel, ground during the sample, heat of the day in order to maintain a relatively cool temperature until the night. When the in the Essay, damp morning breeze from the ocean arrives in scholarship essay the morning, it comes out characterization, of the sand and climbs to the top of a mound. It positions itself with its body angled at 45. its head facing upwind, and scholarship essay its hard, bumpy outer wings spread against the humid breeze. Tiny water droplets, only 15 to 20 ??m in diameter, from the Time examples, fog condense on its wings where they stick to hydrophilic bumps, surrounded by waxy, hydrophobic, water repelling channels. The droplets flatten as they touch the sample, hydrophilic protuberances, creating a larger surface for other droplets to attach to and preventing them from being blown away by of Psychology Time Line Essay, wind. Accumulation continues until the droplet grows to roughly 5 mm in diameter; at that point the beetle tilts its back and the droplets run down the hydrophobic channels and scholarship directly into its awaiting mouth. (Parker et al. 2001). Inspired by this process, engineers have developed artificial water collectors in various forms which follow the same principle. NBD Nano, a start-up company of gamel abdel, four recent college graduates have developed a selffilling water bottle and aspire to improve drinking water availability in developing countries with their inventions (Owano 2012).

This technology could alleviate the sample essay, issue of contaminated drinking water and push back water-borne diseases in slums, as Mumbais humid climate is likely to allow for the harvesting of the maximum amount of three liters per hour, the bottle is capable of. Social? Moreover, the same technology could potentially be integrated into sample scholarship, buildings for more efficient, large-scale application. Another approach to fresh water sourcing is the desalination of ocean water. As only 2.5% of all water on earth is drinkable fresh water, with reserves declining, desalina-tion technologies which remove dissolved salts from saline water are estimated to rapidly gain importance. However, current technologies are energy and cost intensive, and thus do not yet provide a real alternative to traditional water sources. Especially when compared to biological membranes, their inferiority and inefficiency becomes apparent. (Kaufman and Freger 2011). Therefore, scientists have sought to accomplish a similarly fast and selective water transport as found in calls characterization cell membranes by imitating their design, with considerable success. Biomimetic membranes for water purification have proved to enable higher salt rejection and a faster water flow at significantly lower driving pressures than traditional, non-biomimetic membranes, reducing the otherwise high cost of desalina-tion. Sample Scholarship Essay? Applied on a larger scale, it is estimated that biomimetic membranes would cost up to 88% less than currently implemented methods, representing potential savings of History of Psychology Line, about $ 1.5 million p.a. for a desalination plant with a capacity of 100 ML/day. These reduction of cost make this biomimetic method of fresh water sourcing especially promising for sample essay, Mumbai, which must take economic aspects into account as well. Moreover, the millions of cubic meters of ocean water surrounding the coastal city of Mumbai provide the ideal conditions for desalination (Rempe 2011).

4.1.2 Biomimicry in Waste Water Treatment. Regarding the treatment of sewage water, another serious shortcoming in Mumbais slums, riparian forests along stream sides which act as natural filters by absorbing sediments and transforming excess nutrients and other pollutants. For instance, up to 90% of in the, nitrogen and up to 50% of phosphorus are removed (Klapproth et al. Sample Essay? 2009). Australian scientists have sought to imitate the sand in arabic, complex interaction of scholarship, organic and inorganic compounds responsible for Classroom Essay, the water purification in sample scholarship the form of a more efficient, biomimetic sewage treatment system. The result of their observations is a tank containing an ecosystem of Music Classroom Essay, beetles, worms and microbes which transfer solid waste into humus that is subsequently used to filter wastewater.

Unlike traditional sewage facilities, the Biolytix system does not necessitate aeration devices, which are normally used to pump oxygen, vital for the microorganisms which break down the pollutants in the wastewater. Therefore, by essay, letting a natural ecosystem purify sewage water, the operating energy cost is reduced by sand in arabic, over 90%. Moreover, Biolytix tanks only require one annual service versus three to four in traditional wastewater systems, reducing the costs and facilitating maintenance. Concerning the sample, installation of Biolytix, initial investment is low as well, with a cost reduction of 50% in comparison to typical gravity sewerage systems (Fermanian Business and Economic Institute 2010). With regard to the suitability of Biolytix for Mumbais slums, it can be noted that the construction of an adequate traditional sewer system is estimated to be difficult, due to ocean water corroding metal pipes and the enormous effort and cost it would entail in sand in arabic such densely populated areas. Therefore, the fact that the Biolytix system can be installed on site and function decentralized without the need for a highly complex system of pipes is an additional advantage (FBEI 2010). Altogether, it can be said that the low initial investment and running cost of the Biolytix System make it a credible biomimetic alternative to traditional methods to improve the sewage situation, alleviating environmental and public health issues. 4.2 Biomimicry in Solid Waste Management. While the adaptation of specific biomimetic technologies would presumably prove satisfactory in the fields of water and energy infrastructure redevelopment as well as air pollution control, the essay, failed system surrounding the production and disposal of Music in the Classroom, waste necessitates a complete revolution, as demonstrated by the poor conditions it caused in Mumbais slums. A crucial step towards a successful redevelopment of waste management is to move away from narrow, partial analysis and scholarship essay towards a holistic, system perspective.

A biomimetic way of achieving this is industrial ecology, which analyses non-human, natural ecosystems as models for industrial activity. An Inspector? Instead of viewing industrial firms and enterprises as the essay, main destructors of the environment, their potential to act as agents for environmental improvement is recognized. Industrial activity is brought out of isolation and social classes in rome placed in the context of its surrounding, larger ecosystems. Industrial ecology, in a nutshell, endeavors to unite industry, which possesses immense techno-logical expertise, highly valuable for the environmentally informed production of goods and design of processes, and the genius of natural ecosystems to achieve resilience and sustainability (Ayres R. U. and sample Ayres L. 2002). Benyus (2002) sees one of the primary factors which differentiates the human economy and the natural ecosystem in the fact, that in nature, the augmentation of biomass is proportional to the creation of more recycling loops, in order to prevent the system from collapsing on itself. By contrast, anthropogenic production lines solely convert virgin raw materials to unusable waste.

As resources are limited and will be exhausted eventually, she identifies an urgent need to transform the current cradle-to-grave system to an industrial ecosystem and a zero waste economy by mimicking the way natural systems reuse of all materials. In accordance with the principle of industrial ecology, Benyus (2002) advocates an approach which prefers the creation of comparatively larger amounts of wanted waste over sand in arabic the production of less, but unusable waste which must be burned or landfilled. While the human economy currently operates primarily linear, natures diverse assembly of producers, consumers and decomposers successfully evolved to create a constant cycling of matter. Therefore, the current system of producers and consumers must be supplemented with a sufficient amount of composers to sample essay close the cycle and History Time Line Essay ultimately create a system where waste does not exist. What sounds rather utopian, is already fully implemented in the city of Kalundborg, Denmark, where an industrial ecosystem was developed in the 1960s. Enterprises cooperate by sample scholarship, buying and selling waste products from and to each other forming a closed cycle of industrial production. Social Classes In Rome? The local thermal power plant pumps its waste steam to the nearby refinery and sample a pharmaceutical plant, where the slightly lower heat sufficiently powers their engines. Subsequently, another pipeline supplies 3,500 homes with the remaining waste steam for heating. In addition to the cycling of waste steam, the power plant provides a fish farm with its now adequately warm cooling water, while nitrogen-rich slurry, a byproduct at the pharmaceutical plant, serves as fertilizer for wheat fields (Benyus 2002). Mumbai, where 40% of Indian domestic production originates and which is frequently labeled as the commercial capital of India, is predestined to social classes adapt a similar model.

In the slums specifically, several waste producing enterprises, such as the large chemi-cals and pharmaceutical industry, thermal power plants, and basic engineering and metal producers are located in immediate proximity (Risbud 2003). Hence, ideal preconditions are given for a collaboration modeled after the industrial ecosystem in Kalundborg, significantly alleviating the problems discussed in chapter 3.3. 4.3 Biomimicry in Energy Infrastructure Systems. The improvement of essay, Mumbais energy infrastructure has an especially high priority, as it serves as a gateway for Music in the Essay, further socioeconomic developments (Modi et al. 2006).

In order to successfully develop a sufficient energy infrastructure system, it is crucial to establish a balance between the demand and supply of energy by increasing productiv-ity and usage efficiency simultaneously. Renewable energy provides an effective and sample essay environmentally resilient mean to accomplish this. In recent years, engineers have gone even further by not only imitating natures idea of renewable energy, but also attempted to imitate natural structures in order to generate and in the Essay consume electricity more efficiently. Some of the most promising biomimetic technologies which could significantly alleviate the problems of insufficient energy supply in Mumbais slums will be presented below. 4.3.1 Increasing Energy Efficiency. Before identifying methods to generate energy in accordance with nature, it is essential to identify ways to sample scholarship essay improve domestic and when did europe industrial energy efficiency, in order to reduce demand. One biomimetic way to accomplish this is the imitation of the design of a termite mound to create passive cooling buildings, greatly reducing the need for energy consuming air-conditioning. Sample Essay? Termite mounds are equipped with a series of strategical-ly placed vents that produce convection currents which help maintain a temperature between 30 and 32 degrees Celsius.

This concept was integrated into buildings in Time Line hot climate around the world, as it allows significant energy savings. The most famous example is the Eastgate center in Harare, which is known for consuming less than a tenth of an sample essay equally sized conventional building, due to natural ventilation inspired by an inspector calls characterization, termite mounds being its primary cooling method (cf. Holbrook et al. 2010). While the maintenance of essay, a bearable temperature indoors might not appear to be the most pressing of of Psychology Time Essay, issues faced by sample essay, slum dwellers at first glance, a report released by calls, the U.S.

Agency for sample scholarship essay, International Development (2006) lists fans as one of the social in rome, priority uses of electricity in Indian slums. Scholarship? This is necessitated by the need for repelling mosquitoes, which transmit malaria and other dangerous diseases, in hot seasons. 4.3.2 Biomimetic Energy Generation. Concerning the improvement of energy generation and Time Line Essay supply, the U.S. Agency for International Development (2006) supports the sample essay, thesis that on-site distributed genera-tion in slums is more economically feasible than the expansion of traditional services would be. Renewable energy lends itself excellently to the implementation of distrib-uted power systems, as it can be easily generated modularly and of Psychology Time Line decentralized, as the following examples of biomimetic technologies will demonstrate. Contrary to human civilization which predominantly generates energy from scholarship, non-renewable, cradle-to-grave resources like fossil fuels, the primary source of energy in the natural world is sunlight.

Mumbai, with its over 2500 hours of sunshine per year, would be ideal for the use of solar power (Indian Metrological Department 2008). Attempts have been made to extract energy from this inexhaustible source using various methods including the photovoltaic panels as well as tracking systems that follow the an inspector calls characterization, suns course, mimicking the way the sunflower maximizes its energy generation (Riechers 2012). One of the natures most efficient means of energy production, photosynthesis, a process which involves the separation of water into scholarship essay, hydrogen and oxygen atoms allowing for efficient harvesting and storage of solar energy, is deemed to be the most desirable to replicate. However, despite strong efforts to recreate this process for human use, no technology has yet accomplished enough efficiency to allow large-scale application (Benyus 2002). But that might soon change, as scientists at Stanford have developed materials to help make hydrogen, a gas which has the colonize africa, potential of replacing fossil fuels.

The process, again copied from plants, uses sunlight to induce a chemical reaction that creates the gas, which is derived from water and materializes to pure water again when burned as a fuel. The newly developed materials are the first to sample essay split water into hydrogen and oxygen successfully, but unfortunately corrode quickly. Therefore, although it is more efficient than anything comparable before, the system will not be economical until it will be operable for at least five years (Bullis 2013). Another source of renewable energy is the ocean, as the waves are in social classes constant motion which can be converted to electricity. Scholarship? Unfortunately, all currently operational Wave Energy Converters, which cope with this task, encounter difficulties in stormy sea. The enormous force of the abdel nasser, water masses often damages the wave power plants, rendering their performance uneconomic. The Australian company BioPowerSystems, however, has designed innovative wave converters called bioWAVE, mounted on sea beds, which manage to overcome this problem through biomimicry.

Inspired by marine vegetation such as giant kelp, the system avoids extreme wave conditions by changing into a sheltered position horizontal to the ocean floor. Thereby potential dangers are eliminated, granting high durability for an economically and environmentally sustaina-ble method of biomimetic energy harvesting (Australian Trade Commission 2010). This biomimetic technologies, too, would be applicable in Mumbai, which is surrounded by the Indian Ocean. In fact, the location is ideal for scholarship, wave energy generation, as the problem of storage and transportation of electricity would be eliminated with such a large consumer right at Essay, the coast. Increasing the efficiency of already common renewable energy technologies is another major point of interest, capable of improving living and environmental conditions in Mumbais slums, which could be accomplished by looking at nature as a measure, model, and mentor. An example where the application of scholarship essay, biomimetic principles significantly increased efficiency was the sand in arabic, development of more efficient aero-dynamic wind turbines, inspired by the fins of sample essay, humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). The upper edge of the whales flipper is framed by a series of bumps that allow it to make very tight turns due to examples outstanding fluid dynamics compared to sample essay smooth edged flippers. Engineers have applied this concept to wind turbines achieving more reliability when winds are light, better performance in turbulent weather and an increase in efficiency by almost half (Fish 2011). Wind energy, especially in the form of improved biomimetic generators, is especially suitable for application in a distributed power system, as it can be produced by small-scale wind turbines on site. This theory was successfully put into practice in an isolated community called EL Alumbre in Peru, as described by Ferrer-Marti et al. (2010).

As the dispersed nature of El Alumbre prohibited the extension of the general electrical grid to supply its population, a micro electrification system served as an excellent alternative. History Of Psychology Time Essay? At $US 3, the monthly tariff for each household equipped with a 100 W turbine was 60% lower than the previous expenditures for other energy source like kerosene or candles. Although the slums in Mumbai might not be isolated in terms of distance, the immense infrastructural deficits and their reasons, discussed in chapter 3.3, similarly hinder the expansion of traditional grid systems. Thus, adapting an on-site distributed generation system comparable to the one in Peru, but with the scholarship, inclusion of solar and wave energy in order to meet the higher demand, would presumably solve the problem imbalance between demand and supply in in the Essay Mumbais slums. 4.4 Biomimetic Air Quality Improvement. Although the biomimetic technologies addressing problems of infrastructure misman-agement, presented above, would certainly entail a significant improvement of air quality, the extent of air pollution in Mumbais slums would presumably require active air purification. Two methods of achieving this, bioremediation which exploits micro-organisms in order to reduce environmental pollution, and its biomimetic successor, an imitation of these processes imbedded in sample cement, will be discussed in the following. 4.4.1 Bioremediation of Air Pollution. Bioremediation is an Classroom application of biotechnology which describes the process of exploiting biological agents to reduce the environmental burden of toxins caused by human activity. Scholarship Essay? Hereby, pollutants serve microorganisms, which are used primarily in bioremediation, as nutrients and classes in rome energy source (Srivastava and Kumar 2011).

While this biological treatment process has found wide-scale application in solid waste and sample essay sewage water treatments for centuries, efforts devoted to the control of air pollution are relatively new. Stringent regulations of emissions have forced industries around the world to gamel abdel develop expensive technologies like carbon adsorption. Sample Essay? The need for more efficient and cost-effective alternatives to these traditional methods has led to the development of biochemical processes similar to those employed in solid waste and when waste water treatment. Biofiltration, one of those innovative technologies, relies on microbial reactions for the transformation of toxic pollutants into environmentally harmless substances (Devinny, Deshusses Webster 1998). Despite sounding good in theory, biofiltration would presumably be subject to major constraints with regard to its application in slums.

This is due to the fact that biofilters must be installed directly in factories or plants, thus only reducing air pollution from industrial activities (Devinny, Deshusses Webster 1998). In Mumbai, however, various sources are responsible for the poor air quality, as discussed in chapter 3.4., rendering a process which only addresses industrial emissions unsuitable for sufficient air pollution reduction. 4.4.2 Biomimetic Cement for Active Air Pollution Reduction. Unlike biofiltration, the biomimetic cement does not directly employ microbes, but instead mimics their ability to store or dispose of scholarship essay, toxic substances by modifying their oxidation state through catalysis. The so called TX Active cement, developed by the Italcementi Group, contains titanium dioxide (TiO) particles, which acts as a photo-catalyst (Barbesta and Schaffer 2009).

When exposed to sunlight, the titanium dioxide catalyzes the in the Classroom Essay, transformation of nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and several other pollutants into sample essay, environmentally harm-less substances. These subsequently precipitate on the concrete surface and are removed by the next rain (Beeldens 2006). The photocatalytic cement offers numerous usage possibilities, including sound barriers, pavements, road surfaces, roof tiles and fa??ade elements on houses. This broad spectrum enables significant air quality improvement due to the feasibility of wide-scale application (Barbesta and Schaffer 2009). Concerning the in the Essay, potential for implementation in sample Mumbais slums, it is interesting to social note that calculations based on results from studies conducted in Italian urban areas, suggest that photocatalytic cement is most efficient in highly polluted air. Further-more, these prediction estimate that the resurfacing of only 15% of roads and houses in scholarship heavily polluted cities would lead to an air quality improvement of 50% (Barbesta and Schaffer 2009). Hence, TX Active appears to be a particularly promising approach to air pollution control in Mumbai, given the urban predicament. Did Europe Africa? Moreover, Mumbai offers ideal conditions due to currently high pollution levels and solar irradiation. An additional benefit of surfacing the sample scholarship essay, roads with photocatalytic cement, especially in slums, would presumably be that the air pollution from dusty, presently unpaved roads would be significantly mitigated. The objective of this thesis was the History of Psychology Time, study and analysis of biomimicry as a potential tool for slum redevelopment, focusing on the identification and evaluation of biomimetic designs capable of sample essay, potentially alleviating issues pervasive in Mumbais slums. The starting point of the calls, thesis was the premise that biomimetic technologies offer solutions to various man-made problems, which implies that some of these could be conveyed to slums.

By looking at sample scholarship, nature as a measure, model, and mentor it was established that human innovation should follow the overarching principles found in all forms of life on earth, which emphasize the social classes in rome, importance of maxims like the integration of development with growth and resource efficiency. The necessity of sample scholarship, acknowledging that there is no partition separating the human from the natural world was stressed, rendering the paradigm shift towards sustainability an obligation/inevitable. Subse-quently, Mumbais slums, a particularly salient example of noncompliance with biomimetic principles, were introduced as potential area of application. Structural deficits regarding water, waste and calls energy infrastructure as well as poor air pollution control and their impact on public health and environment were analyzed in order to validate areas of greatest needs. From the scientific literature research that has been carried out, suitable solutions to each of the previously identified issues were submitted and evaluated in the light of the human and physical geographical context of Mumbais slums. For instance, the redevelopment of waste management in accordance with the emulation of sample scholarship, closed loops found in natural ecosystems was proposed.

The concept, already implemented in Kalundborg, Sweden, enables the creation of an inspector, a no waste system, as the waste of one industry serves as the fuel of another, assembling closed loop cycling of matter. This approach was deemed to be exceptionally promising for Mumbais slums, as a vast amount of waste-intensive industries are located in close proximity. Furthermore, Biomimetic water collection through fog harvesting mimicking a desert beetle and sample essay desalination inspired by cell membranes were suggested as potential solutions to drinking water scarcity. Based on the results, it can be concluded that biomimicry offers a wide range of suitable solutions to did europe colonize infrastructural and air pollution control issues, prevalent in Mumbais slums, of which some have been presented, without claiming to essay be exhaus-tive. Moreover, further research on biomimetic technologies conveyed to slum redevelopment would be desirable and necessary, as a particular urgency to alleviate man-made problems is evident there.

In essence, it was elucidated that biomimicry provides exceptional approaches and solutions to various modern-day problems of civilization. Placed in a wider context, the conscious emulation of natures genius has considerable potential to effect the paradigm shift towards sustainability, which has become inevitable, as the did europe, current issues in Mumbais slums clearly indicate. Essay? Only the social, acknowledgement of the fact that protection of self and protection of the planet are analogous, entailing the refrain from environmental degradation, can lead to sample essay long-term prosperity, as the hypothetical application of biomimicry in Mumbais slums demonstrated. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Science essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.

Just complete our simple order form and classes you could have your customised Science work in your email box, in essay as little as 3 hours. This Science essay was submitted to us by social classes in rome, a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Defining the scientific field and objectives of biomimicry . Scholarship Essay? Available from: [03-10-17]. If you are the gamel, original author of this content and sample scholarship no longer wish to when did europe africa have it published on essay our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 13-09-17 - The Human Genome project (HGP) 22-08-17 - Adeno associated virus (AAV) vectors 01-08-17 - Test methods on History Line the alkali carbonate reaction in sample scholarship essay concrete - fluxonic diode - Identifying an unknown organism from a cell phone 05-07-17 - Risk factors for did europe colonize, alcohol abuse in men who have sex with men 01-06-17 - Monsanto vs. the world 19-05-17 - Patterns formed by sample scholarship essay, increasing the Essay, scale factor maths 12-05-17 - Swine influenza infections 24-04-17 - Medicinal plants and wound healing.

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resume uk example This page explains how to write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and covering letter, used when applying for jobs in sample scholarship the UK. Author: Corinne Mills. Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Publisher: How To Books Ltd. Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is a summary of your work experience and education, used for job applications. A resume (properly written as resumé) is an American English term for a CV.

A covering letter is Essay examples, a letter sent with your CV which explains details about your application to sample scholarship essay a particular company. A reference is Music in the Classroom Essay, a formal letter to an employer, from scholarship essay somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. A referee is of Psychology Essay, a person who provides a reference for you. How should I design the sample scholarship layout of my CV? There are many ways to design a CV.

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If you make a list (for example, a list of your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to sample essay keep the CV on one side of social paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and simple. A typical section order is: There is an example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and your family name last (even if you write the family name first in your own country). Include the full postcode in scholarship essay your address. Make sure that you will be able to History of Psychology Time Line Essay collect all mail sent to this address (if you move, ask the owner to forward letters to you). If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily.

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If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the social Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). You should not use the word I on your CV; this is understood. For example, you might write Increased sales at the shop, but not I increased sales at the shop. Remember that the person reading your CV may not be familiar with the sample essay education system in your country. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for gamel, the dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by scholarship essay, the last two digits of the an inspector year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00)

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If you studied English, the subject should perhaps be described as English language and literature, not just English literature. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. 80%, or top grade) - the British university grade system is probably different from sample scholarship that in your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the calls characterization ages of about 15 and 18, but not before this age. You should add the sample label Secondary school: before the name of the school, or include the words High School in the name. If you took exams in a wide range of Music Essay subjects, you may prefer to sample essay list only the number of subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to africa university you may choose not to list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in sample scholarship the UK, you may want to Line Essay examples include details of this course.

If so, write this in a line under the main table. For example, you could write Currently studying English at ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these. English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for scholarship, data entry or secretarial jobs)

An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to an inspector characterization drive for the job) Create two columns; use the scholarship essay left-hand column for an inspector calls characterization, labels and the right-hand column for sample scholarship essay, information. The exact list of personal details you want to an inspector calls give may depend on your circumstances and what the job requires, but the list below will give you a guide. Write Date of birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. Note that the date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by scholarship, your nationality eg Japanese. You may want to History Essay examples write Gender:, followed by Male or Female, if this is not obvious to a British person from essay your name. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by a description of the status implied by the stamp in your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by a short list of perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. As you have come to the UK to study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures.

Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at an interview. Include interests which may show the interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by Available on request. You should only provide references if your employer asks for them. Social Classes! If you do need to give a reference, make sure that you have asked the person beforehand.

Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. It may complicate your application if you give the name of scholarship essay a referee who lives abroad; if you want to do this, make sure that the person will be able to calls characterization provide comments in English, and scholarship, give an e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT. Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: · Advised the main shop's customers about organic and health foods. · Developed new business in smaller satellite stores, explaining the when africa benefits of supplements and organic food to essay potential new customers.

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Computer literate: good knowledge of Word and abdel, Excel, as well as e-mail and the internet. Fluent in Japanese; practical knowledge of English and Korean. If you are sending an application directly to a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to accompany your CV (a covering letter). The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). There is an example covering letter shown below. State what type of visa you have, so that the sample scholarship potential employer knows that you will be able to when did europe colonize work legally. You may want to mention the scholarship level of your English ability. Explain in your letter how you can be contacted. History Of Psychology! If you are about to sample scholarship essay change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by e-mail.

If you give the telephone number of your host family, you should ask them for Music in the, their permission first, and you should check if they have an sample, answering machine. EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of Fortnum Mason's in Piccadilly, as advertised in Loot Recruit on 2 August. Please find attached a copy of my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in an organic food shop in Japan. Of Psychology Essay Examples! This has given me experience of essay dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and a basic knowledge of food retailing. History Time Examples! I have been living in London since last September, and sample scholarship essay, am currently studying English at in the Essay a language school. I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Cambridge First Certificate in sample scholarship essay English exam). My fluency in Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. I am an enthusiastic worker, and enjoy working in social in rome a team.

My student visa entitles me to work up to 20 hours per week (or longer during my school holidays), and I could start work immediately. I would welcome the opportunity to discuss the job vacancy with you on the telephone or at an interview. Sample Essay! I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at the top of History of Psychology Essay this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and scholarship, covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the spell-checker on the computer (set the language to British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to check what you have written, and ask this person for did europe colonize africa, any comments they may have. If sending your application by post, send it by first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about getting the sample essay job). If you send an application by social in rome, e-mail, telephone to sample scholarship make sure that it has arrived, or send an application in the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to find out more about the an inspector characterization company and ask when you can expect to hear from them. If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for applications, if there is one), telephone the company to check that your job application has been received and sample scholarship essay, that there haven't been any problems contacting you.

It is Time Line examples, often the case that people are invited for an interview for only a small number of the jobs to which they apply. Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job. If you are rejected by a company, ask them to give you some comments, so that you can improve the sample scholarship quality of sand in arabic your later applications. Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview. Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.

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Which of the of Psychology Time Line Essay examples, following areas of science research do you find most interesting? Research Topics in English Literature. by LisaKoski 33. by sample scholarship essay Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Technology Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 42. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by classes in rome Virginia Kearney 16. How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21. infectious diseases like the flesh eating disease is interesting to read about. really interested in molecular biology and scholarship, genome mapping. Virginia Kearney 11 days ago from when did europe colonize africa United States. Sure Samantha, although I don't know what information is sample scholarship essay available on that topic. You can search for dog communication in Google Scholar to get some idea of any studies that have already been done. we are doing a project for science and i want to do a project on how dogs communicate, would that be related to Time examples, science? interested in moleculer biology and medicine.

I am Interest in Data and communication network specially in performance analysis of VoIP over Wimax networks. Tshivhinda Murunwa 5 weeks ago. Essay. Thank you so much. In Rome. Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from United States. Hi Celeste--I have many different science fair project ideas with full instructions. Look at scholarship, my profile for ideas. Riley Bozarth 5 weeks ago. Plenty of cool topics in classes in rome, the Astronomy and Physics category.

I am at scholarship essay, school and I wanna ask. What would be a good project for science research class? Were having difficulty picking a project for our 'science fair'. It isn't really a science fair though more like a presentation. Music. What good ideas can I use with like space stuff?

Virginia Kearney 6 weeks ago from United States. EunJae, you might want to look at my science experiment about the salinity of sample essay water in agriculture. How about in agricultural aspects? Are there any common problems that arising nowadays? I really need help. Thank you. it was interesting. Sand In Arabic. I'm really interested in theoretical physics. Virginia Kearney 7 weeks ago from United States. Hi Lily, I have a lot of different science fair projects I have designed.

The one that seems to suit your idea best is How does salt water affect seed germination. It is on owlcation, and you can find it by searching my profile page or googling it, or this link: Hi Virginia. Essay. I have a science fair coming up and an inspector calls, I need help for essay a topic. When Did Europe Africa. So I've already put down environmental management as my topic and destruction as my heading because I was going to conduct an experiment on something else. But now that won't work and I'm planning on doing a research project. So do you have any ideas of what I could say that has anything to do with the destruction of the sample scholarship, earth?

It would help if you would reply ASAP. Thanks xxx. 8 weeks ago. Social Classes. Thank you for this information and sample, I am learning from you. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Hi Annie, you might try one of the sand in arabic, following: Do multi media science presentations work more effectively to help students retain information? Which type of multi media teaching method is most effective for essay science students? Annie Blase 2 months ago. hi! ..I would like to have a research on teaching science through multimedia,, any suggestions what would be a good topic? Thank you.. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States.

Jessica--Good topic idea! Something like: What is the sand in arabic, value of space exploration of scholarship other planets for humans? Jessica Jones 2 months ago. I think something on how looking at other planets in the universe helps us learn more about our own would be a good topic. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States.

Hi Suzie! You've come to the right place. I have over 100 articles on sand in arabic writing and other articles on doing science projects. You can see my articles under my profile or just search for a topic. You can also see other articles written by me linked on the side.

Suzie Sheep 3 months ago. Hello Mrs. I would like some more tips for my students in my class. Sample Essay. They all need a project on something. Cheers. Thank you so much ma'am. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi Mini--I will add some microbiology topics. Thanks for the suggestion.

Here are a couple of ideas taken from currently important research: What is the social classes in rome, recent update on the Corynebacterium species and their clinical significance? What are the best ways for medical personnel to sample essay, handle the growing problem of antibacterial resistance? Can older techniques like anti-microbial peptides be used effectively to treat bacteria? I would like to know some potential research topics? related to Time Line examples, medical microbiology. I am currently doing my bachelor's in sample, microbiology. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States.

Hi Gaea and Meeme, I'm not exactly sure what you are looking for in applied science but you might want to check out my science fair experiments or else look at in the Essay, my topics regarding technology topics. hello :) your ideas are great but is there any physical science experiment? just a simple experiment please? we're already on experimental research. Hi, the ideas are all great, but I'm looking for a topic for sample experimental research on physical or as they call it, applied science. Can you help me with that? Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi Purple--You might want to look at my article about Technology Topics. That one includes more links to articles. You might also look at my article on 100 Current Events because the bottom section talks about medical and health topics. Hi, the ideas are pretty good but i'm looking for a quantitative research or experimental research related to the medical field. I have seen some from the given topics but i'm hoping there's more. :) Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi JJ-Try looking at nasser, my article on technology topics because that has a lot of links to help you out. If you are actually doing a science experiment and not just a research paper, I have a lot of different step-by-step experiments too.

You can find them by going to my profile page. Scholarship Essay. Are there easy topics that a secondary student could handle. Your ideas are good but its hard. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi Anne--You might want to classes in rome, look at my article on sample scholarship 100 Technology ideas. That includes some research article links and also does have both engineering and medical topics. Anne Nonaemusk 4 months ago. Just wanted to History of Psychology Line Essay examples, say that this website is very helpful in essay, our PR 1, but my classmate and social classes, I are still confused on scholarship what research topic to classes in rome, tackle. I'm pursuing the medical field (STEM); my friend's engineering (STEM). Could you please suggest some topics for the both of us?

We'd also greatly appreciate suggestions coming from the fellow readers. We actually had our topics, yet it was rejected by our professor because he told us that why would we even take STEM if our research topic would be off. So, we're struggling now in changing our topic. Please reply ASAP? Thank you very much! -A. N. Great! Thanks for the ideas! These are really great topics, some just give me an essay, existential crisis though.

Cristina Narvaez 4 months ago. Very helpful and mind blowing topics.. Social In Rome. austinedgmon 4 months ago. this site is cool and sample, helpful. Thank you for your collection of topics. this site is very usefull. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from sand in arabic United States. Hi Jessica--If you want to build something, you might want to consider engineering topics. I have some articles about building a bomb detecting robot.

You might also want to research how to essay, build nanobots. I am in research science and I have no idea what I want to do. I'm interested in building something. Sand In Arabic. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi Jonah--Look out for a new article I'm writing on easy topics. Sample Scholarship. Most of these are aimed at college students but I'm discovering that there are a lot of younger students looking for topics too. Another place to get some inspiration right now is my technology topics article, which gives a lot of links to sand in arabic, research articles that you can use. That makes it easier because you get a head start on your research.

Hi! These research ideas are all good. If you have any easier research topic pls do tell - still science related. Sample. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi ALX--If you are going to do a science project rather than a research paper, you might want to look up my science fair ideas. I have over 10 proven science fair projects for ages from kindergarten through secondary school. If you are doing a paper and History of Psychology Line examples, want a project to research, you might want to try looking at my article 100 Technology topics for sample essay because that one has a lot of links to articles you can use. Hello, I am going to when colonize, enter a science competition but still can't find an interesting topic. Essay. These topics are good but hard for me to understand because I am only in gamel abdel, secondary school (first year). Can anyone please help me . Scholarship. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from Music Classroom United States.

Hi Maleni--Here are some topics that are very current: How can chemistry contribute to the development of new types of batteries? What are the ways biomacromolecules or synthetic molecules can be used in imaging or for new medical therapies? Maleni Anguisaca 6 months ago. Hello can anyone help me with a interesting topic for my chemistry class? I have to do a paper bases on sample scholarship anything that has to do with chemistry!

Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Mirtha: Here are some alternative research questions on the topic of sand in arabic euthanasia: Do euthanasia tend to happen more to poor people? Should an individual be able to consider the burden of medical costs on their family when making a decision about euthanasia? What is the cause of most people wanting to choose euthanasia? Is there a moral difference between passive euthanasia vs. active physician-assisted dying? Mirtha Torres 6 months ago. What are other research questions that involve euthanasia?

I am really interested in writing about this, I'm just not sure how to form a scientific question about it for my research paper. Scholarship Essay. Please let me know the topics of Neuroscience? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Tanner: for physical sciences, I'd do a nanotechnology topic. That is interesting and current and you should be able to find plenty to sand in arabic, write about. Consider questions like: What is the future of nanotechnology? Or How nanotechnology will improve our lives. what is scholarship a good topic for a physical science term paper that is when colonize 5 pages long. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. James: here are a couple of current topics you can consider: Are radiography departments prepared for morbidly obese patients? Another along this line would be: How has the increase in sample essay, morbid obesity changed the medical field or changed radiography?

How can the field of radiography best help patients to History Time Essay, have better outcomes? JAMES VICTOR 6 months ago. Hello help me with a topic under radiography or in medical field (health sciences) Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Essay. Hi Jafta, I would suggest that you look up some forensic study journals. That will give you an idea of the types of articles and studies that are done in forensic investigations.

Getting a couple of in rome sources on sample scholarship the same topic will put you ahead in writing your paper. In The. To write a topic for research, you need to scholarship essay, find something that people are debating in forensic studies. Use these questions to help you choose a topic: What do you want to know more about? What is the most important unsolved problem? What can I research that will help me understand this job better? Can you please help me with the topic I am studying forensic investigation. The question is Based on your field of study, propose a suitable research topic for your study? Christiana Bethea 6 months ago. It really helps to find topics. Matthew Zhu 7 months ago.

Wow, how did you know I needed this? Thank you! I have a presentation at /2017/3/6/. hey can you post more science questions and ideas involving science? Virginia Kearney 7 months ago from Music in the Classroom United States. Hi Manelisi--If you are looking for sample scholarship research topics in a particular field or area, you will often get the Music Classroom, best ideas by searching for current trends or current research in that field. You can also look at the most recent journal articles in top journals of that field. Essay. hi there I am mostly interested in chemistry. Both organic and inorganic chemistry. In The. What fascinating research topics can I find there. Essay. Virginia Kearney 7 months ago from United States. Hi, Keroki!

Nanotechnology is classes in rome a particularly interesting field of study right now to research with changes happening all the scholarship essay, time. However, if you have to conduct an experiment, then think about what your time period will be and choose something that you can complete during that time. There's so much to choose from and an inspector characterization, they're all so good but I can only pick one. What topic is best for a quantitative research, around 50 pages long? I really want an interesting topic so I can develop it further. Not astronomy related because I might have to conduct action research. Essay. Xavier Keaton 7 months ago. I don't know what to choose, I'm a senior in high school, and calls characterization, have to sample scholarship, find a topic that i will be and to Time examples, write a ten page resaerch paper with. Any ideas? Thanks i need these ideas for scholarship essay my science report.

Marie Impriem 7 months ago. Very helpful. Thanks. I liked the topics. Very helpful. Gamel. Thank you. luke siglow 8 months ago. this is just awesome thanks for sample essay this. faith brugler 8 months ago. these ideas are great. Tayef Hasan 9 months ago. I really love science. Virginia Kearney 10 months ago from calls United States. So glad it helps Zach!

Hope your presentation goes well. zack smith 10 months ago. thank you for scholarship these ideas im doing this for sand in arabic my science presentation. Emmanuella 10 months ago. Wonderful! Thanks for all these useful ideas. Virginia Kearney 10 months ago from United States. Check Science Daily for zoology news and you will find the latest topics that are being researched. kindly suggest me topic for research now in zoology whatever is it ob BS Level. You should do one on animals and other organisms. lokcxkvjhbd 11 months ago. Sample Scholarship. This is very interesting information, some of these stuff I don't even know about. this is so interesting. Virginia Kearney 15 months ago from United States.

That is a good idea. Sand In Arabic. Do you have some specific aspect of physical science that you are interested in scholarship, pursuing? can you add some ideal topics about did europe, physical science? Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from United States. Hi, Kirti! Glad you were helped by the topics. My students are the ones who have helped to sample essay, write many of my topics. That helps me to make sure that my topics are ones that students like to write about. Kirti kannojiya 16 months ago. I love all the topics posted on this site.

Chemistry and philosophy. Thanks! This is great, has so many helpful topics. :) Dylan Corey 20 months ago. Genetic engineering/ recombinant DNA. all are such an interesting topics i am a student .my teacher said me to gamel, look this site i looked it has so many topics related to my studies. i like it. My favorite thing to learn about is the big bang theory and what it was like during caveman times. luvscience 22 months ago.

LUV all these ideas. ihatescienceyay 22 months ago. I hate science (yay) but some of these are really good! For example, the veraflu add!! ilovescience34 22 months ago. Amazing! I loved these ideas! Thank you so much! how colors effect the mood. Amy 23 months ago from Darlington, England.

I clicked other as I love computer science, robotics, space science, genetics and theoretical physics. The latter being my main focus. Scholarship Essay. Aryan paharia 2 years ago. Very nice for young students I really liked it. I guess you should have an example of Music in the Essay scientific research. What I mean is you will give us topics then we will reasearch about it. Experiment is the exact word. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Donald--I'm sorry you didn't find anything here that worked for you.

I have a lot of sample scholarship essay other articles with topics for papers. You might want to try those. Didn't see a lot of topics on physics or physical chemistry, more on those would be great :) Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Sand In Arabic. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of sample scholarship their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.

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Endometriosis: General Information. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to scholarship the inside of the uterus is found outside of its normal location. Sand In Arabic? The only sample scholarship way to be 100% sure that a person has endometriosis is to have a laparoscopy. There is no cure for endometriosis, but treatment can improve symptoms and preserve fertility. Endometriosis, pronounced, endometreeosis can affect girls of all ages. It is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside lining of the uterus is found outside of its normal location. Endometrial implants can be found on characterization the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and tissue covering the bladder and rectum. The most common locations of endometrial implants in teens are in the culdesac area (behind the uterus), and near the essay bladder. What are the social in rome symptoms of endometriosis?

Endometriosis causes different symptoms in young women. Pelvic pain and/or severe period cramps are the most common symptoms. There can be pain before, during or after your period. The pain may occur at regular times in your cycle or it may occur at essay, any time during the month. It is often referred to as chronic pelvic pain. The location of the endometrial implants and nasser the way in which the lesions affect the pelvic organs contribute to scholarship essay the symptoms teens may have. Some teens may have pain with exercise, sex, and/or after a pelvic exam. In The? Although not as common, some teens may have painful or frequent urination, diarrhea or constipation with pelvic pain. Its important to remember that some teens have a lot of endometriosis and have very little pain, while others may have a small amount of endometriosis and severe pain. Although we know that some young women may be slightly more likely to develop endometriosis because female relatives have it, the fact is we do not know the cause of this disease. The three most accepted theories are:

Sampsons Theory: This theory explains that the flow of menstrual blood gets backed up causing some of the scholarship essay blood to flow in sand in arabic a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to attach to surfaces outside of the uterus. Meyers Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells called metaplastic cells change into endometrial cells and are actually present at birth. Sample? Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the endometrial tissue travels through the body via blood vessels. Music Essay? It then reaches various tissues, implants, and sample then grows, causing pain. The ONLY way to be 100% sure of this diagnosis is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy. Gamel Abdel? There is no blood test, xray, ultrasound, or MRI that can diagnose endometriosis at sample essay, this time.

A laparoscopy allows your doctor to look inside your belly at your pelvic organs with a special lens to identify the endometriosis (implants). Other tests that may be ordered before a laparoscopy might include blood tests, vaginal cultures to check for infection, ultrasound or an MRI (to make sure its not something else). Why have I heard that some adult women may have trouble getting pregnant? If endometriosis is not found and treated, it can grow and damage the fallopian tubes and ovaries. Calls Characterization? This can make it more difficult to get pregnant. Studies done at Boston Childrens Hospital have shown that if endo is found in teens and treated early, it does not tend to get worse over time. Is there a cure for sample scholarship essay, endometriosis? While there is no cure for classes, endometriosis, you can be treated with surgery and scholarship essay medicine to keep the classes in rome endometriosis from getting worse and harming your future fertility. It is very helpful to use a Pain and Symptom Tracker to scholarship record your pain for a while. Another method to locate and sand in arabic describe your pain is Pain Mapping. Make a copy of your Pain and scholarship essay Symptom Tracker and Pain Mapping worksheets, fill them out, and sand in arabic bring them with you to your appointments.

These tools will help you explain your pain to sample your medical team. Ways to help you describe pelvic pain: Type (sharp, dull, burning, aching, crampy) Location (where the sand in arabic pain is) Duration (how long the pain lasts) Intensity (on a scale of 110, how bad the pain is) What kinds of treatment are available? Once a diagnosis of endometriosis has been made, treatment falls into the following categories. Observation: After an evaluation and before beginning hormonal therapy, you and your gynecology (GYN) team may decide to keep track of your symptoms and try mild pain medicine. This is usually the sample first step for in the Essay, girls with premenarcheal endometriosis (who are too young to have had their first period). Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment such as birth control pills containing estrogen and progesterone taken continuously (to stop periods) relieves symptoms in essay many patients.

A second treatment is progesterone medicine alone. This comes as a progestinonly birth control pill in a pill pack (NorQD or Camilla) or as a regular pill that comes in a bottle Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin). The dose of Aygestin can be adjusted for your body to gamel abdel stop your pain and sample bleeding. Another type of medication is when africa a GnRH agonist, such as Leuprolide acetate (LupronDepot). This medicine works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries and temporarily stops your period. The use of GnRH agonist therapy lowers your bodys estrogen level (one of the hormones that causes your body to have periods).

Surgery: Visible endometriosis will be destroyed at the time of laparoscopy. After this procedure, many teens find relief from symptoms. Most say that their pain is better, but not completely gone. Remember, there is no cure for endometriosis. Sample Scholarship? Many teens may experience pain again. Lifestyle changes: Dealing with chronic pelvic pain can be challenging. Exercising often helps to relieve or lessen pelvic pain and in the Essay menstrual cramps. Eating a balanced diet and scholarship essay getting enough rest also helps your body manage pain. Practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga and sand in arabic meditation help to sample ease pain too. Pain treatment services: If you do not have relief from your symptoms, your gynecologist may refer you to a pain treatment program for an evaluation. Following an evaluation, services such as biofeedback, physical therapy, acupuncture and Classroom exercise programs may be offered.

Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, herbal remedies, homeopathy and essay healing touch are among popular adjunct approaches to gamel abdel medical treatment. Many of essay, these therapies can be helpful, however not every complementary therapy has been scientifically proven to sand in arabic be safe and effective. Research studies are limited. Essay? Before experimenting with any alternative therapy, make sure that you are working with a licensed provider that has been referred to you. What else do I need to know about endometriosis? Young women CAN suffer from sand in arabic, symptoms of endometriosis. Sample Essay? Medical studies have found this disease in teenagers and young children. Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild to moderate menstrual cramps one or two days a month. If you are absent from school because of pelvic pain or menstrual cramps, tell your GYN team.

Endometriosis occurs among women of ALL races. Social Classes? Endometriosis is NOT an scholarship essay STI (sexually transmitted infection). Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease but may improve symptoms for some women. An Inspector Characterization? Some women with endometriosis who have had children continue to have pain. If your pain makes you feel at scholarship essay, all disadvantaged compared to nasser other young women or men, this is not normal.

Dont normalize your symptoms. If you dont feel like you are equally capable as other young women your age (because of pelvic pain), you need to essay seek medical treatment. Endometriosis: Pain and abdel nasser Symptom Tracking. Posted under Health Guides. Essay? Updated 29 August 2016. Keeping track of pelvic pain, menstrual cramps, and other symptoms such as pain when you pass urine or when you have a bowel movement is abdel important. Essay? Be sure to write down any symptoms you have, the number from 110 that describes the degree of pain, and where it is calls characterization located. If you are taking continuous hormone pills and you do not have periods, you can use the chart to track any other symptoms, including breakthrough bleeding. Be sure to check out the scholarship Sample Pain and Symptom Tracker and carefully read the keys at the bottom before you start filling out an inspector calls characterization, your own tracker. Make a few copies of My Pain and sample scholarship essay Symptom Tracker. Write the name of the month at the top of the page and begin tracking your pain and symptoms.

To fill in the bleeding Amount row, look at the Blood Flow Amount Key at Music Essay, the bottom of the essay page to figure out which letter (S, L, N, or H) best describes your flow. Figure out which letter best describes the location of your pain (M, L, or R) by social classes in rome taking a look at scholarship, the Pelvic Pain Location Key at the bottom of the characterization page. Write it down in the Pelvic Pain Location/Intensity row. Then, decide which number best describes your pain (0 = no pain, 10 = the worst pain you have ever had) by sample looking at the Pelvic Pain Numerical Rating Scale at africa, the bottom of the page. Write that number down in the same row. Example = M/5. If you dont have any pain symptoms or breakthrough bleeding on any given day, just leave the box empty. Remember to bring your Pain and Symptom Tracker with you to sample your GYN appointments.

Sometimes its hard to describe exactly where your pelvic pain is, so we created this special tool to help you map your pain. Pain mapping using colored pencils or markers is a unique way to show your medical team the location of your pain. Simply color in nasser the area where you have pain. You can create your own key using different colors. For example; you may use the color red to sample scholarship show the Music in the Essay location of severe pain, while you may choose the color orange to indicate moderate painits up to scholarship essay you, youre the artist.

Weve included a sample pain mapping worksheet to show you an example of Classroom Essay, how to map your pain. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Even though everyone experiences pain differently, it can be helpful to think of essay, your pain in two ways: the physical pain you have, and how your pain impacts your life. Your physical pain may include ongoing pelvic pain, painful periods, and History of Psychology Time Line examples less often, bowel and bladder problems.

How your pain impacts your life may include challenges such as: isolation from friends due to sample unexpected bouts of physical pain, not being able to participate in sports or other activities (because of chronic pain and/or fatigue), and anxiety over school work because of absences. Also, your pain can take a toll on those who care about you, such as significant others and family members. This can cause added tension and stress. For all of History of Psychology Line examples, these reasons and more, you may feel frustrated because your health feels out of your control. Take a moment to sample identify your physical symptoms and how they impact your life. Stress-relieving techniques: Learning to manage the stress in your life is important under any circumstances but it is essential when you are living with chronic pain. Many young women with endometriosis feel overwhelmed with managing both their pain and the various stressors that impact their lives. Here are some examples of ways to sand in arabic manage the stress of chronic pain: Exercise Sleep 89 hours each night Take naps when you need them Meditate daily Eat 3 healthy meals a day with nutritious snacks in between Do things you enjoy when you feel well Stay in touch with your friends in sample scholarship person, by phone, or online Keep up with your schoolwork (so you dont feel overwhelmed or get behind) Practice yoga Learn when to push yourself and when not to Keep to routines as much as possible Plan ahead with your parents/caregivers for unexpected flairups of when did europe colonize africa, pain Talk to a counselor. It is also helpful to have your own personalized list of essay, things to do when you have a pain flareup.

Your list can include things such as taking a warm bath or shower, lying down with a heating pad, doing yoga poses, reading a good book, watching a favorite DVD, or listening to music. Managing your pelvic pain at school: Does your endometriosis pain get in the way with your plans to attend school or your ability to stay for a full day? Does your academic performance and grades sometime suffer due to sand in arabic absences, missed assignments or difficulty keeping focused? Perhaps youve also experienced tension with your family, and/or teachers due to poor school attendance and essay performance issues. Music In The Classroom Essay? Dealing with pelvic pain in a school setting can be very stressful, particularly if your teachers and sample scholarship essay school nurse are not aware of the pain you have to cope with most days. Below are tips to help you manage the Time examples realities of being a student with chronic pelvic pain.

Notice that all of the tips depend on sample scholarship essay BEING PREPARED. Know your pain tolerance threshold. Your pain will likely be mild some days, but other days it may be severe. Use My Pain Symptom Tracker to track your pelvic pain and any related discomfort you have each month. Talk with your parent(s) or guardian(s) about what you can tolerate in school and nasser what you cannot manage. This is best done at a painfree time when you are calm and are thinking clearly. Communicate with your close friends about what its like to scholarship have endometriosis, so they can understand why you sometimes miss school or activities, and be supportive. Sand In Arabic? Identify an sample essay adult contact person at school.

For example, you can ask a school nurse, favorite teacher or class aide to calls be your point person who you can go to for support. Choose someone with whom you feel comfortable sharing your endometriosis history, and sample scholarship essay who can help and be supportive while you are at Music in the, school. Sample? Share information about sand in arabic, endometriosis with your contact person, teachers, school nurse, coaches, and friends. Those around you are likely to be more understanding and supportive if they know what endometriosis is, and scholarship how it impacts your life. Make a plan for pain at Music in the, school. Talk with your school nurse and find out if there is a place at school where you can lie down if you are in pain. Listening to relaxing music may also help. Identify a person in each of your classes (friend or teacher) who will automatically email you the homework assignment if you miss class. Give yourself enough time in scholarship essay the morning to abdel nasser get ready for school.

You may need to wake up earlier than your friends or siblings to get ready, especially if you are having pain. Do not assume that every day you wake up with pain means that you have to stay home from school or that the day is lost to pain. Sample Essay? Try to go to school every day even if you have some pain in the morning: chances are that your pain will get better or go away once you get moving and you are distracted. If your pain becomes unmanageable, you can get dismissed and go home then. Maintain a healthy lifestyle. Eat nutritious meals and healthy snacks and get at least 89 hours of sleep every night. Do some kind of physical activity that you enjoy, for about 60 minutes every day. Activities could include, walking, riding your bike, dancing, playing a sport, etc. Try not to social in rome fall behind in sample essay your schoolwork.

If you need extra help in a class talk with your teacher before your schoolwork piles up. Classroom Essay? If you have to sample essay be absent from school for History of Psychology examples, more than a week, find out about having a home tutor. Keep in touch with your friends. Even when you are absent, talk to at least one of your friends every day either on the phone, via text messages, email, or on a social networking site. You will feel less isolated and it will be easier when you return to school. Sample Scholarship Essay? Be proactive. Gamel Abdel? Use the worksheet to sample essay make a list of things you can do to personally manage your pelvic pain at school. Write down the gamel nasser ways you feel your endometriosis has affected your school life, and sample then make a list of the things you will try to do to improve the sand in arabic way you manage your pain at school. Be sure to include strategies that have worked. Managing activities, friendships, and chronic pain: Living with chronic pain can impact all areas of a persons life, even those areas that are typically fun and enjoyable. Having pain from endometriosis can sometimes get in sample essay the way of an inspector, being able to do things with your friends both on sample scholarship a daily basis and for gamel, special events.

You and others around you (friends, parents, coaches, and teachers) may feel frustrated and discouraged when your pain makes you pass on invitations or when you avoid activities. You may even worry about canceling plans too many times with your friends or not being a good friend. One helpful technique is to anticipate how you may be feeling and how you will deal with unexpected pain in social situations. Here are some thoughts and advice from sample essay, girls with endometriosis who try to rule the Music Classroom pain, not let the pain rule their lives: Be in touch with at least one person outside of sample scholarship, your family every day.

Organize activities that can be held at your house (such as craft parties, reading groups, boardgame marathons, watching movies) if it is more comfortable to be home. Make sure your close friends, coaches or activity directors understand that your pain is gamel abdel a real medical condition. Educate them with information about endometriosis. Is there an activity you really want to sample scholarship do but are scared about fulfilling the requirements or keeping the commitment? Many group activities require a wide variety of participants in many roles. Explore the options with the group leader, explaining that you want to be involved in social classes a way that you can handle. Scholarship? Plan ahead: Do you have an gamel abdel event coming up that feels more stressful than fun? Go back to your personalized list of things you can do in anticipation of pain. If you do have to cancel with friends or family, or you realize you cannot participate in an activity as planned, try to take it in stride: explain promptly, offer alternative options, and sample take care of Music in the Essay, yourself.

Your friends, family, and others will respect you more for being honest rather than not showing up without an explanation. Make a list of sample, things that you love to do, and try to do one thing each day! Complementary therapies for pain management: Some young women are helped by surgery, some by medication, and some with a combination of both. Did Europe? Many young women find that adding complementary therapies to scholarship traditional treatment helps them manage their pelvic pain more effectively. Yoga involves a series of poses and gentle stretches. There are many different kinds of yoga. You can explore yoga classes at sand in arabic, your YMCA, health center and yoga studios. Many girls find it helpful to take yoga classes. There are also many good DVDs that teach yoga; borrow one from scholarship, your local library. Acupuncture is an Eastern Asian Medicine that involves the insertion of very fine needles into examples acupuncture points in sample the body.

This is calls characterization thought to stimulate the. bodys nervous system to release certain chemicals in the muscles, spinal cord, and brain, which in turn release other chemicals and essay hormones in nasser the body that. may help to improve pain and other discomforts. Acupuncture may be covered by your health insurance. Massage is another complementary practice which some girls with pelvic pain find helpful. There are several kinds of massage therapies available. Often massage treatments are combined with gentle heat. Endometriosis: Nutrition and sample Exercise. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 20 January 2017.

Eating a well-balanced diet will keep you healthy. Take a multivitamin if youre not eating foods from sand in arabic, all of the food groups. Exercising may help improve your endo symptoms. If youve been diagnosed with endometriosis, you may be wondering if there is anything you can do to feel better besides taking medication. Healthy nutrition and exercise play an important role in maintaining overall health. Is there a special diet for girls with endometriosis? We know that some foods can boost our immune system and protect our bodies from sample essay, some illnesses and diseases. Unfortunately, there has been very little research done to figure out of Psychology Line Essay examples, if eating certain foods can help improve endometriosis symptoms.

Although, we do know that young women who eat lots of fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats while limiting their intake of red meat and unhealthy fats are less likely to have endometriosis. Some young women with endometriosis say they feel better when they eat a nutritious diet and scholarship essay some experts believe that eating certain foods can help endometriosis symptoms by reducing inflammation and estrogen levels in the body. Even if eating nutritious food doesnt necessarily make your endo symptoms better, there are lots of sand in arabic, other benefits to a healthy diet. Consider making changes that can improve your overall health: Eat a high fiber diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, and nuts Limit saturated fat by eating mostly plantbased foods, choosing lowfat dairy products, and selecting lean meats Eat more sources of omega3 fats such as fish (salmon, mackerel, herring, and sardines) , fish oil, canola oil, flaxseeds, walnuts, and pumpkin seeds. How can I make sure I am getting all of the nutrients I need? Eating a balanced diet with lots of sample scholarship, fruits and vegetables, whole grains, plantbased protein, lean meats, and healthy fats can help you get all of the vitamins, minerals, and gamel abdel other nutrients you need to keep your immune system and body healthy. Do I need take a vitamin supplement? If you eat three nutritious meals a day and healthy snacks which include a variety of fruits and vegetables, protein, dairy foods, and whole grains, you are probably getting enough of essay, most vitamins and minerals through the food you eat. When Did Europe Colonize Africa? If you arent getting in all of your food groups on sample essay a regular basis, you may want to consider taking a daily multivitamin so you will get the total amount of nutrients that your body needs. Talk to your health care provider (HCP) to see if you should take a multivitamin or other dietary supplement.

Some endometriosis medications work by lowering estrogen levels. If you are on an estrogenlowering medication for more than 6 months, you may be at risk of developing osteoporosis (brittle bones). Social? Ask your health care provider if you should take calcium and essay vitamin D supplements to help protect your bones. What about other vitamins and herbs? You may see ads or stories on the internet, in magazines, and gamel nasser even personal blogs that claim certain vitamins and essay herbs help to treat endometriosis. The truth is, there are no published scientific studies that prove that extra supplements improve endometriosis symptoms. It is important to remember that some herbs (such as ginseng) can actually interfere with medications that treat endometriosis because they contain plantestrogen. It is always best to sand in arabic talk with your health care provider first before taking any overthecounter herbs. What information should I pay attention to on food labels?

Its always important to pay attention to food labels when grocery shopping. The Nutrition Facts Label is on sample most foods (except fresh foods such as fruits and vegetables) and has important information including portion size and what vitamins/minerals the food contains. Will exercise make my endometriosis symptoms worse? Probably not. In fact, exercise may actually improve endometriosis symptoms. Daily exercise (about 60 minutes each day) such as walking, swimming, dancing, or other activities will help you maintain a healthy weight and give you energy.

Its a good idea to check with your HCP or physical therapist to find out whether its okay to participate in gamel nasser very active sports or other strenuous exercise, and scholarship the right about and of Psychology Line Essay examples type of exercise thats best for you. Occasionally, very active exercise such as running and jumping may bring on or increase endometriosis symptoms or other medical conditions. Can exercise improve my endometriosis symptoms? Yes. Here are a few reasons why exercise may help your endometriosis symptoms: Exercise releases endorphins. Sample? When we exercise, our brain releases feel good chemicals called endorphins. These naturally occurring hormones work like pain relievers to lower pain. Did Europe Africa? It only takes about ten minutes of moderate exercise (any exercise that makes you sweat or breathe hard) for scholarship, your body to start making these chemicals. Exercise improves circulation. Moderate exercise gets our heart pumping and improves the colonize africa blood flow to our organs.

This is important because our blood carries oxygen and nutrients to sample scholarship important body systems. Regular exercise lowers the africa amount of estrogen in the body. Since the essay goal of did europe, endometriosis treatment is to lower estrogen levels, regular exercise may help improve endo symptoms. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Planning for college is a time filled with challenges and sample excitement. College life opens the door to nasser personal growth and independence. Sample Essay? It can be difficult, since you may be making decisions on your own for when colonize, the first time. It can also be exciting, a chance to make new friends, try new activities, learn new things, and sample scholarship essay set up a home away from in the, home.

There are many things to consider when planning for college if you have a chronic illness such as endometriosis. We hope that the following information will answer your questions and sample scholarship offer helpful hints. Should I be concerned about my health insurance coverage? Yes. It is important to did europe colonize know exactly what kind of health insurance coverage you have. Sample Scholarship? For example, some insurance policies will only abdel nasser provide coverage until you are 18 or 19 years old. Other policies may continue to provide coverage beyond this age, if you are a fulltime student. Ask your parents how long you will be covered or contact the insurance company yourself. Sample Scholarship Essay? You should check with the admissions department at your college if you need to buy an additional student insurance policy while you are a student there. If you arent covered by social classes your parents insurance while at college, make sure you sign up for a special student insurance policy. How long can I expect to have insurance coverage? (For example, up to what age am I covered?

Do I need to sample essay be a full time student to receive or get full coverage?) Does the policy cover outofstate emergency services? Does the policy require that I contact the insurance company within a certain amount of classes in rome, time if I use emergency services? Is there a waiting period for scholarship, certain services? How much is my copay for general medical, specialty, and urgent care appointments? What do I need to know about the health services at college? You will need to find out: When the Health Center is in the open What kind of services are provided Who you can talk to scholarship if you have any issues related to your endometriosis How to reach someone if you have concerns or questions If there is a health care provider at social in rome, the Health Center that has experience in caring for sample, young women with endometriosis. (If so, get the name and when did europe number before you need it.) You should know the location of the closest hospital to sample scholarship essay your college in the event of an emergency, or if you need more care than your college Health Center can provide. Find out an inspector characterization, what kind of essay, services are offered, and if students are transferred to gamel abdel nasser another hospital if more specialized care is needed. What should I do before I leave for college? Make an appointment with your gynecologist before you leave for essay, college.

Talk with your gynecologist about your concerns, your symptoms, and what helps to relieve your pain. Having a plan for when you experience pain or other symptoms will give you control and comfort. Be sure to have prescriptions filled with enough refills to last until you return to Classroom your doctor for a followup visit. Schedule followup visits with your gynecologist ahead of time so you can be seen during semester breaks. Ask for sample, a copy of recent operative notes (if you have had surgery for endometriosis) from the hospital where you were treated. Sand In Arabic? Put them in a notebook and scholarship essay bring it with you to college with your important papers and/or ask the Health Center at school to keep a copy on file. You will need to social request a copy of sample essay, your medical records from the Music Medical Records department at the hospital where you had your laparoscopy. You may have to do this in sample essay person, or you may be able to send or fax a letter. Should I find a gynecologist near my college? If you are going to a college that is in the Classroom Essay far away from home, you may decide that having a local health care provider or a gynecologist is best for you. It is a good idea to schedule an appointment with your new gynecologist before you start classes so you can establish a relationship.

You can help the communication among all doctors involved in scholarship essay your care by an inspector calls providing them with a list of all your medical providers, and a brief description of their roles in your health care. Include telephone numbers, fax numbers, addresses, and email contact information, if appropriate. Provide them with copies of any important medical records, including operative notes, a list of sample scholarship, medications you are taking, and any side effects or allergic reactions you have had from any medications. Should I talk with my professors about the sand in arabic effect of endometriosis on sample my life? Some young women find that talking to their professors about their endometriosis is helpful. You may feel awkward at first about gamel abdel, approaching your professors. However, most college faculty appreciate students who talk to them early on in the sample essay semester if there might be a problem that could potentially affect learning. In The? If you have difficulty with your courses because of pain from sample scholarship, endometriosis, you should speak with your professor(s) again. The longer you wait, the sand in arabic more overwhelmed you may become. You dont have to give specific information unless you want to.

You can simply explain that you have a chronic disease with chronic pain. Since endometriosis affects approximately 5 million women and sample essay girls, you may find that your professor is familiar with it. Is there anyone else I should talk to? It can be helpful to social classes in rome have 12 designated people in your college Health Center as your liaisons a person to whom you can go to when you need medical assistance and essay another person who can offer you emotional support. He/she may likely be able to gamel offer guidance if your pain interferes with your academics. What are some ways to deal with my college workload? Learning to use the course syllabus to your advantage can be helpful in dealing with your college workload. The syllabus lets you know what is expected of you for each class, and sample allows you to plan your course work accordingly. An agenda can help you budget your time and plan ahead so you wont fall behind if you become ill. Sand In Arabic? Taping lectures and then taking notes later from the recorded lecture can help if you have trouble concentrating in class. You will need to make time for listening to taped lectures sometime after class. Sample Scholarship? If you cant make it to class, ask a friend to tape the classes in rome lecture for you.

Most colleges also have resource centers that provide a variety of services to sample scholarship essay help students deal with heavy workloads. Check your college website to see if your school has services for chronically ill students. They may be able to offer help with note taking, extensions on tests. or papers, and/or help with special dietary needs. Endometriosis: Hormonal Treatment Overview. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. There is no surgical cure for endometriosis, and if it is untreated it will grow, causing pain and lowering your chances of being able to become pregnant in the future.

This is why you need to take medication. Treatment is aimed at controlling pain and preventing the when did europe colonize africa endometriosis from getting worse. This guide was created to help you understand the scholarship essay different choices of hormonal treatment for endometriosis, as well as the benefits and possible side effects that are most commonly reported. How do I know if hormone treatment is right for me? Most young women can take hormone medicine, however, if you have certain medical conditions (such as a history of blood clots, high blood pressure, certain kinds of heart disease, hepatitis, severe migraines with visual changes or numbness over parts of your body, or if you smoke), hormonal therapy may not be an Line Essay option for you. Be sure to tell your gynecologist if you have migraine headaches with loss of vision, flashing lights, numbness/tingling, or loss of speech.

Also, it is scholarship essay very important to tell your GYN doctor if anyone in your family has ever had a blood clot or stroke. Hormonal treatment works by temporarily turning off your ovaries so you dont ovulate (make eggs). When you dont ovulate, you dont have regular periods. When you are prescribed hormonal treatment continuously, you will rarely have periods or not have them at all. Since periods can cause pain for Essay, anyone with endometriosis, stopping them will improve your pain. Hormonal treatment includes the Pill, vaginal ring, an injection (once every 3 months), an IUD (which is placed in the uterus) or a hormonal implant that is inserted under the skin in sample scholarship essay your upper arm. Hormonal treatment with combined estrogen and progestin : Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs): contain the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The goal of the treatment is to stop your periods and pain caused from endo.

Teens with endometriosis will take OCPs in a continuous fashion. The vaginal ring: The vaginal ring is a small, thin, flexible rubber ring that fits inside the vagina. Once in place it releases a combination of estrogen and progestin (hormones). If you choose this method of hormonal treatment for your endo, you would insert the ring and classes leave it in place for sample essay, 3 weeks. You would then take it out and social replace it with a new one right away. (If you are sexually active, neither you nor your partner will be able to feel the ring when it is inserted properly.) Combined estrogen and progestin hormonal therapy may decrease, and in scholarship some cases stop endo pain. Most girls will only have 04 periods a year. Some young women prefer using the vaginal ring or patch because they dont need to remember to take it every day. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for a few days until your body gets used to in the the medicine, or as long as you are taking it.

Some girls may have heavier bleeding or a regular period. Breast tenderness, mood swings, headaches, nausea, cramps, bloating, and/or weight gain. There is some concern that the sample patch may release a higher dose of hormones than the pill, which can increase the risk of blood clots and/or stroke. Some girls who use the when did europe colonize hormone patch may have skin irritation where the patch is worn. Some girls who use the sample vaginal ring may have vaginal irritation. When? Some girls may not have relief from scholarship, their endometriosis pain. Progesterone-only hormonal treatment:

Norethindrone acetate : Aygestin (Norethindrone acetate) is a pill that contains only progesterone. It is a type of hormone medicine that is abdel nasser often prescribed for patients that cannot take estrogen. The dosage is 510mg per day. Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (DepoProvera): Medroxyprogesterone acetate is scholarship another type of medication that only contains the sand in arabic hormone progesterone. It is an injection that is given once every 3 months by a nurse or your primary health care provider. Medroxyprogesterone acetate will temporarily stop your menstrual cycle. IUD or Mirena : is a type of intrauterine device that contains ONLY progestin. The IUD is most often prescribed with combination OCPs (oral contraceptive pills) to sample scholarship reduce the size of lesions caused from in the Classroom Essay, endometriosis and lessen the amount of sample scholarship, bleeding. Implants : Hormonal implants such as Nexplanon come in the shape of a tiny tube that is placed under the skin in the upper arm.

The implant prevents pregnancy and reduces the size of lesions caused from endometriosis. Line? It is effective for sample, 3 years. The implant is calls characterization about the size of a toothpick and made of a flexible plastic that contains a type of sample essay, progestin hormone medicine called etonogestrel. Progesteroneonly hormone therapy can be effective in in rome treating symptoms of scholarship, endometriosis. History Of Psychology? The Mirena IUD lasts up to 5 years. Sample Scholarship Essay? The IUD plus oral contraceptive pills can lessen bleeding and pain from an inspector calls, endo.

The Nexplanon Implant lasts for 3 years. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for a few days until your body gets used to scholarship the medicine, or as long as you are taking it Bleeding or a regular period Breast tenderness, nausea, bloating, weight gain, and/or hair thinning Headaches, mood swings including depression, nervousness Bone density loss and abdel increased risk of osteoporosis (thinning of your bones) when taken for a long time Some girls may not have relief from their endometriosis pain. Hormonal treatment with GnRH agonists (gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists) and AddBack: The combination of sample scholarship essay, GnRH agonists and hormonal addback therapy is usually prescribed when other hormonal medicine does not work in relieving endo pain. The goal of GnRH agonists and gamel nasser addback therapy is to stop the endometriosis from growing and lower the side effects of GnRH therapy alone.

Addback therapy can be a small amount of progesterone, or a combination of scholarship essay, estrogen and social in rome progesterone. GnRH agonists work by temporarily turning off your pituitary gland, which stops your ovaries from making estrogen and sample scholarship essay progesterone (so you wont have a period). Since all of the GnRH agonists lower estrogen levels, the possible side effects for all of the gamel abdel nasser medicines in essay this group are the in the same symptoms that women often have during menopause. However, the addback therapy that your gynecologist also prescribes will help lessen possible side effects. Leuprolide Acetate (LupronDepot): Leuprolide acetate is scholarship one type of GnRH agonist that is given as an intramuscular (in the muscle) injection (shot).

It can be given either once a month or once every 3 months. Our GYN team prefers that you get the injection once every 3 months so you dont have to an inspector calls come in for appointments every month. Essay? Please make sure that the shot comes in the 3 month form (blue box). Nafarelin Acetate: Nafarelin acetate (Synarel) is another type of GnRH agonist that comes in the form of a nasal spray. The recommended dose is characterization one puff in sample scholarship one nostril in the morning, then another puff in sand in arabic the other nostril at nighttime, however dosages are sometimes adjusted. Low levels of estrogen cause your period to stop and endometriosis from growing. Low levels of sample, estrogen stop endo from growing so your fertility is preserved. Bone density loss and higher risk of sand in arabic, osteoporosis (thinning of your bones) when taken without addback therapy. Side effects may include hot flashes, mood swings, vaginal dryness, bone and joint aches, hair loss, lack of interest in scholarship sex, and possible shortterm memory loss. In many cases, teens and women may be able to History of Psychology Time examples stay on this treatment longer than six months as long as their bone density is checked and is normal. Sample Scholarship Essay? Some girls may not have relief from their endometriosis pain.

Endometriosis: Continuous Hormonal Pills (OCPs) Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Combination hormonal treatment is very effective for treating endometriosis. Hormonal treatment doesnt cure endometriosis, but it may help with controlling pain by stopping your periods and preventing endometriosis from getting worse.

Hormonal treatment, also known as oral contraceptives or birth control pills are used for many reasons other than to prevent pregnancy. Hormonal pills contain the hormones estrogen and sand in arabic progestin, which are similar to the hormones that are normally made by the ovaries. There is also another type of pill that contains only one hormone (progestin), and is called either the progestinonly pill, or the scholarship minipill. Are there different kinds of when, hormonal pills? Yes.

There are many different hormonal pills that come in sample a lot of different packages. The shapes and colors of the an inspector characterization packages may be different but there are just two categories of pills: combined estrogen and progesterone pills (these have both estrogen and progesterone hormone medicine in them), and progestinonly pills that contain just progesterone. Hormonal pills come in a 21day pill pack or a 23, 24, or 28day pill pack. Sample? The most common pill packs are the 21day pack which contain all hormone pills and the 28day pack contains 3 weeks of hormone pills and 1 week of did europe colonize africa, inactive (placebo) pills. How do I know if hormonal pills are right for me? Not everyone should take hormonal pills. You will be asked questions about your medical history, such as whether you or anyone in sample scholarship your family has a history of blood clots. Calls Characterization? In addition, you wont be given estrogen pills if you have certain types of migraine headaches. There are different doses of scholarship, hormones in different hormonal pills.

Your gynecologist may prescribe a progestinonly pill if there is a medical reason why you should not take estrogen. Please tell your GYN team if you have migraine headaches or a family history of blood clots or strokes. Are there other medical benefits of taking hormonal pills? Yes. Music Classroom? If you are taking hormonal pills continuously (no inactive pills) then you probably wont have a period. Hormonal pills also lower your chance of sample scholarship, getting endometrial (lining of the uterus) cancer and when africa ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts, certain breast lumps, and may protect you from osteoporosis. Essay? Hormonal treatment may also improve acne.

What is the difference between active and inactive hormonal pills? Active pills contain hormone medicine. If your pill pack is in did europe colonize the shape of essay, a rectangle, the pills will be in 4 rows (7 pills in each row). The active pills are in the first 3 rows of your pill pack. The inactive pills are in the last row of the sand in arabic 28day pill pack and DO NOT contain hormone medicine. If your pill pack is round, the pills will be in a circle. Sample? The active pills are the first 21 pills and the last 7 pills are the Essay inactive ones, and scholarship essay are usually a different color. If you are using a 21day pill pack, all the pills are active. When you are on continuous hormonal treatment for of Psychology Time examples, endometriosis, you will take an active pill every day in sample a continuous pattern. What does cyclic use and continuous use mean? Cyclic use means taking all the pills in History examples the 28day pack (21 active pills plus 7 inactive pills), then starting the next pack.

This method results in sample periods and is not routinely used for in the Essay, the treatment of endometriosis. Continuous use means taking active hormone pills every day without a break. Essay? If you are using the 28day pill pack, you will take 1 active pill a day for Music, 3 weeks (3 complete rows) and then start your next pill pack. Sample Essay? You will not take the last row of inactive pills; throw them away. If you are prescribed the 21day pill pack, finish the entire pack (3 rows) and History Time examples then start your next pill pack the next day. Essay? Do not skip any days between pill packs. Most likely you will not have a period while you are taking the pill continuously, but some girls may have breakthrough bleeding. Having up to four periods a year is considered normal on this method. What are the side effects of hormonal pills? Most women and teens have no side effects when taking hormonal pills, but some may experience mild side effects.

Each type of hormonal pill can affect each woman or teen differently. Spotting: Breakthrough bleeding between periods may occur while taking the first three weeks of hormone pills, but this is not serious. This usually happens during the first two or three cycles. You should call the GYN team if the bleeding is heavier than a light flow, or lasts more than a few days. An Inspector? It is scholarship essay very important that you take your hormone pills at exactly the same time to keep your hormone levels in balance. This will lower the social classes in rome chance of having breakthrough bleeding. Nausea: You may feel queasy or nauseous at times, but this may go away if you take the Pill with a meal or a snack. If the nausea doesnt go away, your gynecologist may prescribe a pill with less estrogen. Headaches: Some teens may get mild headaches when they start taking hormonal treatment. Sample Essay? Although headaches usually happen because of stress or other reasons, be sure to social classes let your GYN team know if the headaches are severe or if they continue.

Mood changes: Mood changes or mood swings can happen when taking hormonal treatment. Exercise and a healthy diet may help, but if they dont, you may need to change the type of pill you are taking. Acne: Usually hormonal treatment helps cure acne, but some teens may get acne from a particular pill. Weight: Some teens gain weight, some lose weight, but most teens stay exactly the sample scholarship same when they are taking the hormonal treatment. Other side effects: Your breasts may feel tender or swollen, your appetite may increase, and/or you might feel bloated.

Most often, side effects go away within the first 3 to characterization 4 months of taking the scholarship essay hormonal pill. If the an inspector characterization side effects are severe or if they dont go away after three cycles, your gynecologist may switch you to a different hormonal pill or talk to you about other types of hormonal treatments for your endometriosis. Are there serious side effects I should watch out for while taking the hormonal pill? Most young women who take hormonal pills have few or no problems. However, if you have any of the scholarship essay following problems, go to the closest emergency room right away. Abdominal pain (severe) Chest pain (severe), cough, shortness of breath Headache (severe), dizziness, weakness, or numbness Eye problems (vision loss or blurring), speech problems Severe leg pain (calf or thigh) Endometriosis: How To Take Continuous Oral Contraceptive Pills. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Taking the Pill continuously means that you will take one active pill (containing the social in rome female hormones estrogen and progesterone) every day without a break.

This will help keep the lining of your uterus very thin. You will not take any placebo (inactive) pills and you will not have a regular monthly period. Sample? You may have some irregular spotting or bleeding as your body gets used to this new medicine, especially in the first six months. To take the Essay oral contraceptive pill, follow the sample scholarship essay instructions on the package. Your GYN team will also explain how to use your pill pack. You will be told to start taking the oral contraceptive pill on sand in arabic a Sunday, on the first day of your menstrual period, or on the day of your appointment with your gynecologist. You should take 1 oral contraceptive pill at the same time each day until you finish the sample pack. The best time is gamel nasser ? an essay hour after a full meal. Music In The Classroom? You may feel mildly nauseous during the first month, but this usually goes away.

After completing a 21day pack, you should immediately start a new package of pills the next day. Do I need to take the hormonal pills at scholarship essay, the same time every day? Yes. History Time Line Examples? Take the hormonal pill at exactly the same time (or close to the same time) everyday. A good time to take the sample essay Pill is at 6, 7, or 8pm every evening. Music In The Essay? It is sample essay not a good idea to take the Pill when you wake up or before going to sleep, as those times will vary on school nights and weekends. What if I forget to take one or more hormonal pills? If you miss 1 or 2 active (hormone) pills in a row, take the pill(s) as soon as possible and then continue taking 1 pill each day. You may take 2 pills on the same day (one at the moment you remember and the other at the regular time) or even 2 at the same time. If you miss 3 or more active (hormone) pills in a row, take the Pill as soon as possible and then continue taking 1 Pill each day.

If you missed the pills in the third week, finish all the an inspector calls characterization active hormone pills in your current pack, and then start a new pack of pills. If you are sexually active and sample essay missed 3 pills, use condoms or do not have sex until you have taken active (hormone) pills for sand in arabic, 7 days in sample essay a row. Social Classes In Rome? If you are sexually active and have missed more than 2 pills, talk to your GYN team about sample scholarship, whether you should use emergency contraception. Note: If you are taking very low dose pills with just 20ug of ethinyl estradiol and miss 2 pills, you should follow the instructions for missing 3 or more pills. You may have breakthrough bleeding (spotting) if you forget to take your pill on time; some womens bodies are so sensitive that they will bleed if they take their pill just 30 minutes late. Sand In Arabic? If you miss pills you may get an sample scholarship essay extra menstrual period. What if Im not happy with the hormonal pills that Im taking? If you are not happy with the hormonal pills that you are taking and the effects they have on your body, talk to your GYN team. Calls Characterization? Dont just give up and stop taking the pills. Most likely your gynecologist will be able to give you a prescription for a different type of hormonal pill or another type of hormone medicine. Scholarship? There are many types of did europe africa, hormonal pills and sample they affect people differently.

You may like some, but not others. You may need to try a few different types before you find the pill that works best for you. Endometriosis: Progesterone-Only Treatment. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. If you are unable to take estrogen or if you do not respond to combination (estrogen and progesterone) pills, your gynecologist may prescribe either Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin, NorQD, or Camilla) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (DepoProvera), different kinds of progesteroneonly hormone medicine. These medicines stop your body from ovulating and your endometriosis from growing.

Most teens will not have a period. Taking synthetic (manmade) progesterone medication in this form is very similar to the natural progesterone that is made by your body during pregnancy. Are there any reasons why I wouldnt be able to take Progesteroneonly hormone therapy? Tell your GYN team if you have epilepsy (seizures), migraines, asthma, heart, or kidney problems. Colonize? You should not take any kind of progesterone if you are pregnant; have cancer, unexplained vaginal bleeding or severe liver disease. You should also tell the scholarship team if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or you have been diagnosed with depression in the past. Most teens and young women have little or no side effects while taking progesteroneonly medication. Possible side effects can include breakthrough bleeding or spotting, changes in weight, acne, breast enlargement, feeling bloated, headache/migraines, nausea or vomiting, and possible decrease in bone density (thinning of the abdel bones). Hormone medications can affect people differently. Some teens will have very irregular bleeding while taking progesteroneonly hormone therapy, especially during the first 6 months of treatment. Sample? Breakthrough bleeding is less common the longer you are on hormonal therapy.

How is Norethindrone acetate taken? Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin) is a pill that you swallow. Starting Aygestin: Take 1-2 (5mg) tablet at when did europe africa, the same time every day as prescribed by your health care provider. Sample? At Boston Childrens Hospital, we currently recommend that you do not take more than 10 mg of Aygestin /day. These progesteroneonly medications come in a pill pack like regular birth control pills. There are 28 active hormone pills in each pack. How is Medroxyprogesterone acetate given? Medroxyprogesterone acetate (DepoProvera) is an injection that is nasser given in a muscle (in the buttocks, arm or thigh) every 3 months. The first shot is usually given within the first 5 days of your menstrual cycle (during your period).

If you are sexually active, a routine urine pregnancy test will be done first. The next shot needs to be scheduled within 1113 weeks. Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate Instructions. Posted under Health Guides. Sample? Updated 29 August 2016. If your gynecologist has prescribed Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot) to treat your endometriosis, please read the following important information. Leuprolide acetate (3 month formulation) is an injection (shot) that is Music in the Essay given in the buttocks, arm or thigh every 3 months (12 weeks). You may receive your injection 1 week before or after you are due to get it. If more than 1 week has passed since your last injection, you will need to have a urine pregnancy test done.

If it is negative, schedule an appointment to get your next injection in sample essay 10 days. Depending on History Time Line Essay your health insurance coverage, you may be required to order your medicine by mail. Essay? You will then need to bring it (and the box it came in) with you to your health care providers office. Addback therapy is sand in arabic Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Prempro). It must be taken at the same time each day. Oral contraceptive pills: If you are on oral contraceptive pills, continue the Pill for 3 weeks after your first injection. On the day you stop the Pill you will begin taking the addback medication.

Calcium supplements: While on Leuprolide acetate, it is important that you take a calcium supplement, as your body needs 1300 mg of calcium every day. Scholarship Essay? Eating and drinking foods that are high in calcium is also important. Vitamin D: It is recommended that teens take 600 IUs (international units) of vitamin D every day. Vitamin D is a pill that can be taken with calcium. Your first period on Music Leuprolide acetate: Please be aware that you may have a heavy and painful period during the first 46 weeks after your first Lupron Depot shot. Sample? After that, you will probably not have anymore vaginal bleeding as long as you take the addback therapy at the same time each day. Appointments to get your followup injection: Make sure you make your appointment on a day that your gynecologist sees patients. 6 month followup visit: After 68 months on Leuprolide acetate and addback, you and your gynecologist will talk about of Psychology Line examples, whether or not you can continue on the medicine. If you do continue, you will be scheduled for scholarship essay, a DXA Scan.

DXA Scan: Be sure to schedule your DXA before your 9 month Lupron Depot shot. Your gynecologist will need to review the History Time Essay results before you can have your next shot. A followup DXA will be done every 12 years as needed. Improvement in essay pain: It usually takes about 23 months to see an sand in arabic improvement in symptoms (while on Leuprolide acetate and essay addback therapy). Questions Concerns: If you have any concerns about your treatment, call your health care providers office. Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate With AddBack. Posted under Health Guides.

Updated 29 August 2016. Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot) is a type of gonadotropinreleasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine. GnRH agonist medications help to lower pelvic pain caused by endometriosis. Addback therapy is the addition of a small amount of the gamel hormones estrogen and progesterone or progesterone alone. You must take addback therapy if you are prescribed Leuprolide acetate). This medication works by shutting off hormones made by your ovaries, so your estrogen (one of the hormones that cause your body to scholarship essay have periods) level is lowered. After your first injection (shot), your estrogen level will rise before it goes down. Classes In Rome? This is called an sample scholarship essay estrogen surge. Because of this rise in estrogen, you may have an increase in your symptoms for a few weeks. Did Europe Colonize Africa? After the estrogen surge, your estrogen levels will go down. This temporarily stops your period.

When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms are usually relieved. Leuprolide acetate is an injection. It is very important to sample scholarship get your injection on time. Missed doses can cause breakthrough bleeding and sand in arabic the return of pain. How long can I take Leuprolide acetate with addback ? Leuprolide acetate alone is usually prescribed for 6 months (1 shot every 3 months). Scholarship? However, when you take it with addback, you can almost always stay on did europe colonize africa it longer. After a few months of treatment you will have an scholarship essay appointment with your gynecologist to see if the in rome medicine is helping you. Essay? This appointment also gives your doctor a chance to ask you about your pelvic pain and any other symptoms you may be having. If your symptoms are better, he may suggest that you continue taking the sand in arabic medicine. What are the side effects of taking Leuprolide acetate? Taking Leuprolide acetate alone lowers the estrogen level in the body, which typically causes side effects similar to menopause.

These side effects may include: hot flashes, vaginal dryness, decreased interest in sex, moodiness, headaches, spotting, and change in sample bone density. However, with the addition of addback therapy, you will most likely NOT experience these side effects. If you do have symptoms, they are generally mild. Addback is a pill that contains a small amount of estrogen and progesterone, or progesteroneonly that is taken every day. Since hormones are important to keep your bones healthy, low levels of hormones can lower your bone density putting you at sand in arabic, risk for osteoporosis (thinning of your bones). Scholarship Essay? The goal of addback therapy is to give your body back just enough hormone(s) to protect your bones and control any unwanted side effects such as hot flashes and sand in arabic vaginal dryness that are common when taking Leuprolide acetate alone.

Your gynecologist will decide on how much addback medicine you will need, and sample give you a prescription. Addback is either: Aygestin 5mg/daily, or Prempro 0.625/2.5mg/daily. When do the effects of sand in arabic, Leuprolide acetate go away? The effects of Leuprolide acetate will decrease after you stop taking the medicine. If youve been getting Lupron every 3 months, your period will usually return within 4 to 8 months after your last shot. If youve been getting Lupron Depot every month, your period will likely return 68 weeks after your last shot. Bone density loss may be partially or completely recovered. This means that your bones may or may not be as solid as they were before you started the medicine.

Can I take Leuprolide acetate forever? Research has shown that long term use of Leuprolide acetate alone can cause bone density loss. Bone density loss is a big concern especially if you have a family history of sample scholarship, osteoporosis. In The Essay? Osteoporosis causes your bones to become fragile and break more easily. Addback therapy can help prevent loss of sample, bone density, which may allow you to stay on the medicine longer. Bone density is a measurement of how solid and strong your bones are. Bones need to sand in arabic be strong and solid so they do not break easily. Your teenage and scholarship essay young adult years are important for bone development. Weak bones during the teenage years may negatively impact your bone health later in life.

Your bones need lots of nutrients, especially calcium and vitamin D. It is also important to eat a wellbalanced diet and nasser include foods high in calcium. When will I be scheduled for a bone density test? After you have been on sample essay Leuprolide acetate for approximately 6-8 months, your gynecologist will order a bone density scan (DXA test). This is a simple test that measures how dense (or thick) your bones are and if your bones are thinning. If the DXA scan is normal and you continue on the medicine, you will need to repeat the DXA test every 1-2 years. What can I do to when did europe colonize africa prevent bone loss?

You will likely be told to sample essay take calcium and vitamin D supplements. Sand In Arabic? Calcium works to build and maintain bone density. Vitamin D improves the sample scholarship absorption of characterization, calcium. Make sure to divide your daily dose of sample, calcium if taking more than 500mg. Your body can only absorb so much at calls characterization, once. Can I get pregnant when I am on Leuprolide acetate?

Although this medication works by sample essay preventing ovulation (stops you from making eggs), there is a rare chance that you could become pregnant if you have unprotected sex. Thus, it is important to social classes in rome use a nonhormonal birth control method such as condoms while on this medication. The long term effects to sample an unborn baby whose mother was on Leuprolide acetate at social in rome, the time of conception are unknown at sample, this time, but it does not appear to cause birth defects. Endometriosis: Synarel (Naferelin acetate) General Info. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Nafarelin acetate is the History Time Line examples generic name for Synarel, a medicine that is used to treat endometriosis.

It is a type of sample, gonatropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine. GnRH agonist medicines help to lessen pelvic pain caused by an inspector calls endometriosis. Synarel works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries, so estrogen (one of the hormones that cause your body to sample have periods) is lowered. When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms usually decrease or go away completely. Synarel is a nasal spray that is an inspector calls typically prescribed as: 1 or 2 sprays in one nostril in the morning and 1or 2 sprays (in the sample scholarship other nostril) in the evening (about 12 hours apart). It is very important to take Synarel at the same times every day without missing any doses. Are there any reasons that I shouldnt take Synarel? You have an allergy to Synarel (Nafarelin acetate) or any part of the sand in arabic medicine. Essay? Its always important to tell your health care provider if you are allergic to any medicines. You have vaginal bleeding and the cause is unknown You are pregnant and/or breast-feeding.

*Make sure you tell your health care provider about all of the Music in the Classroom Essay medicines you take including over-the-counter herbs and scholarship essay supplements. Before starting Synarel you should: Have a pregnancy test (if you are having sex) Talk to your health care provider (HCP) about Music Classroom Essay, whether you are at a higher risk for bone density problems (how solid and strong your bones are) and sample whether you need to have a bone density test before you start the medicine. Know that it usually takes a few cycles to see an improvement in symptoms. What are the possible side effects of sand in arabic, Synarel? All medications can cause side effects. Sample Scholarship? Some people have mild side effects; most people have no side effects. Classes In Rome? Call your health care provider if your side effects bother you a lot or they dont go away. Taking Synarel alone (without add-back) lowers the estrogen level in your body, which typically causes side effects that are similar to sample scholarship menopause . These side effects may include: hot flashes or feeling warm-hot with flushing of the skin moodiness decreased interest in sex acne vaginal dryness headache. Nasal irritation and/or a runny nose are also possible.

Serious side effects are rare. Other uncommon side effects that you should tell your health care provider about include: inflammation/irritation of your nose rash pain in calls characterization your belly area heavy vaginal bleeding vaginal spotting/bleeding for more than 2 months sadness or symptoms of depression that lasts longer than 2 weeks trouble with remembering things. Store it upright, in a dry place (not in sample scholarship essay the bathroom) NEVER keep Synarel in the refrigerator or freezer Protect it from direct sunlight Keep it away from young children and sand in arabic pets. Synarel is usually tolerated well however sometimes some young women may have mild to severe reactions. If your symptoms do not get better or they get worse, call your health care provider. Endometriosis: Synarel (Nafarelin) How to Use It.

Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Synarel is a medicine in scholarship the form of a nasal spray that is used to treat endometriosis. It is very important that it is taken at the same time every day and calls it is used properly. a. Remove the white plastic safety clip from the neck of the bottle. (Do NOT throw it away) b. Remove the cap from the nozzle tip. (Do NOT throw it away) c. Hold the sample bottle straight so that the nozzle is on top. d. Social In Rome? Put two fingers (index and middle fingers) on the side of the nozzle (see photo). Your thumb should rest on the bottom of the bottle. e. Press down evenly and firmly with your index and middle fingers. Do this 7-10 times until you see a fine mist. f. Stop when you see the fine mist. The medicine/pump is now #x201C;primed#x201D;.

g. You only need to sample prime the bottle when you open it for classes, the first time. Follow these directions EVERY time you take your medicine (Synarel) Images used with permission from Pfizer. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Why do I need to have surgery and medicine for my endo? Endometriosis can only sample be diagnosed by laparoscopy. At the time of a laparoscopy, great care is taken to destroy any visible endo lesions (also called implants) and any adhesions. Some endometriosis isnt visible, yet it responds well to medication. Thats why we combine medical and surgical therapy to treat this unpredictable disease.

A study done at Boston Childrens Hospital strongly suggests that combined surgical and medical management stops endometriosis from getting worse. This helps to preserve your fertility. Will I ever need another laparoscopy? Most girls will not require any more laparoscopic procedures in the future, but some may. This depends on many factors, such as when your last procedure was, if you are having a problem with pain control while taking medication, and if your gynecologist feels it is necessary to Music in the check to see if your endometriosis has grown. Sample Scholarship Essay? If your endometriosis has grown, the lesions will be removed and/or destroyed. The goal is to lower your pain and History of Psychology Line Essay preserve your fertility. Will I need to have my uterus removed? You will NOT need to scholarship have your uterus removed (hysterectomy). All treatment will be aimed at relieving your pain and sand in arabic preserving your ability to have children some day.

Not being able to get pregnant (infertility) can result if endometriosis causes changes in your pelvic organs, including your fallopian tubes and scholarship ovaries. With early treatment, endometriosis should not interfere with your ability to an inspector become pregnant (when you are ready). Other factors besides endometriosis (such as STIs) can affect your fertility. Scholarship Essay? Its important to sand in arabic take good care of your reproductive health by always practicing safe sex. Should I get pregnant soon to cure my endo? You may have heard that pregnancy cures endometriosis. This is a myth. There is no cure for endometriosis.

Some women may have little or no endorelated pain during pregnancy, while others will experience pain. Becoming a parent is essay a big decision and should never be used as a treatment for endo. How long do I need to be followed for my endo? Endometriosis is a chronic condition that requires longterm medical treatment and Music Classroom Essay followup, especially during your childbearing years. Many factors affect how often you will need to be seen by your medical team, such as whether or not you are responding to sample essay the treatment. Since there is abdel no cure for sample scholarship, endometriosis, you will need to be on medication. Therefore, you will need to be checked and calls have your prescriptions refilled.

For example: if your gynecologist gives you a prescription for sample, medication to stop your period, you will need to schedule a followup appointment in approximately 3 months. During this visit, he/she will meet with you and ask you if the medication is gamel nasser working to stop your periods and pain. Sample Scholarship? If you are feeling well and your blood pressure is normal, you will be given a prescription for more refills. Sand In Arabic? If you are on sample essay Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot) you will need to return for Music in the Classroom Essay, your shot every 3 months while you are on scholarship essay this treatment. If you have any problems or need questions answered in the meantime, you should contact your GYN team. Should my sisters and other family members get checked? Women are more likely to develop endometriosis if a close female relative from their mom or dads side has it.

Likewise, if you have been diagnosed with endometriosis, and someone in your family (such as your sister, or cousin) has painful periods and pelvic pain at other times during her menstrual cycle that interfere with school and social activities, it is a good idea to suggest that they get evaluated. They can make an appointment with a pediatric adolescent gynecologist who has experience treating teens with endometriosis. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions About The Oral Contraceptive Pill. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Do I need a pelvic exam before going on the oral contraceptive pill? No. Although it is sand in arabic important for essay, teens to Music have checkups as part of sample, their general health care, a pelvic exam is not needed for girls with endometriosis in order to an inspector calls start oral contraceptive pills.

Will I have trouble getting pregnant after using the oral contraceptive pill? There is no change in fertility with the use of the oral contraceptive pill. However, if your period was irregular before you started taking the Pill, it is likely that your periods will be irregular again when you stop taking it. Does the oral contraceptive pill cause birth defects? No. Scholarship Essay? The Pill does not cause birth defects nor does it affect the health of future children. Does the oral contraceptive pill cause cancer? No. The Pill actually protects against cancer of the ovaries and classes in rome cancer of the lining of the sample uterus.

A woman is social half as likely to get cancer of the uterus or ovaries if she takes the Pill. Most experts believe that taking oral contraceptive pills does not cause any increased risk of sample scholarship essay, developing breast cancer. Nasser? Even girls with a family history of breast cancer can take the Pill. How long can I be on oral contraceptives? It is essay safe for social classes in rome, you to sample essay be on the Pill for social classes, years, whether to regulate your menstrual cycle, treat your cramps, as hormone replacement, or birth control. It is important to be on sample hormonal treatment for calls, endometriosis until you are ready to become pregnant, so that the disease does not progress. Do I need to take a break from the Pill? There is no medical reason that you need to scholarship essay take a break from the Pill. When you are on the Pill continuously, the did europe lining of your uterus does not build up.

Therefore, you dont get your period and there is no blood. Scholarship? You will likely have spotting or bleeding if you take your pill late, or you forget to take it. Can I smoke if Im taking the History of Psychology Line Pill? It is NOT safe for sample scholarship, you to smoke and take oral contraceptives. Smoking dramatically increases your risk for heart disease (including blood clots and stroke). The more you smoke, the when higher the risk.

What if I am also using the oral contraceptive pill for birth control? If you are also taking the oral contraceptive pill for birth control, you should know that oral contraceptive pills do not protect you from sexually transmitted diseases. Essay? Condoms help to prevent most sexually transmitted diseases, and they are also an important backup method of birth control if you miss more than one Pill in a row, or if you are sick and social in rome throwing up. Sample Scholarship Essay? All of these factors can lower the effectiveness of the Pill. Whenever you get a new medication, ask if it changes the effectiveness of your oral contraceptive pill. What if I forget to gamel take 2 or more combined oral contraceptive pills and Im sexually active? If you have had intercourse during the time you missed your pills (and you dont use condoms), talk to your GYN team about whether you should use emergency contraception. If you are 15 or older, you can buy Plan B without a prescription.

If you are under 15, you will need a prescription from scholarship, your health care provider. How do I talk to my parents about gamel abdel nasser, taking the Pill? If you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of endometriosis, your parents may have some worries about you taking a pill that is also called the birth control pill. Its best to talk openly with them about how the Pill will stop your periods and sample scholarship essay help lower your pelvic pain and other discomforts you may have. If your parents have concerns, have them read our health guide Birth Control Pills: A Guide for Parents. How do I talk to my friends about taking the an inspector characterization Pill? You may not want to tell your friends that you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of essay, endometriosis. Your best friend today may not be your best friend tomorrow, and sometimes friends can say or do things that hurt your feelings.

Since hormonal pills are also used as a type of birth control, someone hearing that you are taking the Pill may assume its because you are having sex. When it comes down to it, you really dont have to tell anyone except your GYN team about social classes, your medical treatment. Although there is nothing to sample feel embarrassed about, its often a good idea that you keep your pill a private matter. Posted under Health Guides. Social? Updated 29 August 2016. Active Hormone Pill : An oral contraceptive pill that contains estrogen, progesterone, or both. AddBack Therapy : Hormonal therapy prescribed to help females with the side effects of a class of medicine called GnRH agonists. Bladder : The organ that collects and stores urine.

Bone Density : How solid and strong your bones are. Break-through Bleeding : Light vaginal bleeding or spotting that can happen during the first month on oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) or when switching to another kind of sample, OCP, or when a pill is colonize africa missed or late. Scholarship? Most often the bleeding is very light but sometimes it can be similar to a regular period. Chronic : A condition that continues for sand in arabic, a long time. Endometrial Cells : Cells from the lining of the uterus.

Endometrial Lesions (Implants) : Tissue from the sample essay lining of the uterus that sticks and grows outside of its normal location. Endometrial Tissue : Tissue from the lining of the uterus. Endometriosis : A condition that occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is found outside its normal location. Estrogen : A female sex hormone. GnRH Agonist (GnRH-a) : A category of medicine used to treat certain medical conditions such as endometriosis. This medicine works by lowering the bodys level of the when colonize africa hormone estrogen. Gynecologist : A doctor with additional medical and surgical training in the area of womens health. Hormone : A chemical messenger that is released by an organ or gland and then sent through the bloodstream to essay another part of the in rome body. Hormonal Medicine : Oral contraceptive pills (also known as birth control pills) that contain estrogen, progesterone, or both. Immune System : The system in your body that protects against disease, infection, and sample foreign substances. Inactive Hormone Pill : The last row (or week) of pills that are in a 28day oral contraceptive pill pack.

They are sometimes called sugar pills or placebos because they do not contain medicine, so they are considered inactive. Laparoscopy : A surgical procedure, generally done as a day surgery procedure under general anesthesia. A small incision is made near the navel, and a lighted, thin tube is inserted to History of Psychology Essay view the pelvic organs. Menstruation : The release of blood from the uterus. Menstrual Cramps : Pain in the lower abdomen (belly) during a period. Nausea : Feeling like you are going to throw up. Omega3 Fatty Acids : Omega3 fat is a heart healthy type of sample scholarship essay, fat that your body needs. Colonize? Omega3 fatty acids are found in some fish (such as salmon), some nuts (such as walnuts), and some oils (such as flaxseed oil). Organic Foods : Organic produce is grown without the scholarship essay use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation. Social? Animals that produce meat, poultry, eggs, and sample scholarship essay dairy products do not take antibiotics or growth hormones.

Ovaries : Two tiny organs (or glands) that are located inside the did europe colonize lower abdomen of a female. The ovaries make the female hormones estrogen and sample scholarship progesterone. Pelvic Ultrasound : A test that uses sound waves to Essay make a picture of the reproductive organs; ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and bladder. Premenarcheal: This refers to the time before a girl gets her first period. Scholarship Essay? Pre means before and menarcheal means menstrual period. Trans Fat : Trans fat is a heart unhealthy type of fat. Its made by gamel companies that make processed foods by adding hydrogen to vegetable oil. Foods with trans fat will have the words partially hydrogenated oil in the ingredient list. Trans fat can be found in some margarines, fast foods, fried foods, and baked goods.

Ultrasound : A way to take pictures inside of body parts. Pictures taken by ultrasound are similar to xray photographs. However, when ultrasound is used, the images are made with sound waves instead of xrays. Uterus : A female organ (also called a womb) that sheds blood every month (a period), and also holds a baby while its developing inside its mother. Endometriosis: A Guide for Friends, Siblings, and Significant Others. Posted under Health Guides.

Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is found outside the normal location. Sample? Symptoms are usually bad period cramps and pelvic pain. Of Psychology Time Essay Examples? The amount of endometriosis doesnt always correlate with the sample scholarship essay amount of pain. Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is found outside its normal location. Did Europe? Common locations of endometrial implants include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and tissue covering the bladder and rectum. The location of the endometrial implants and the way in scholarship essay which the lesions affect the pelvic organs contribute to in rome the symptoms that both adolescent and adult women have.

What are the essay symptoms of abdel nasser, endometriosis? Endometriosis causes different symptoms. Some teens may have one or more of the sample scholarship essay following symptoms: Severe period cramps Chronic pelvic pain that comes and social goes (throughout the menstrual cycle) Painful urination (pain when peeing) Diarrhea or constipation (loose or less bowel movements) Pelvic pain with exercise Pain after a pelvic exam Pain with intercourse (if sexually active) The amount of endometriosis doesnt always compare to the amount of scholarship essay, pain a woman may have. For example: Some teens may have a lot of endometriosis and have very little pain, while others who have a small amount of endometriosis have severe pain.

The ONLY way to diagnosis endometriosis for sure is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy . This procedure allows a doctor to look inside the pelvic cavity with a special lens to in rome check for endometriosis (implants) . Sample Scholarship? Other tests that are often ordered before a laparoscopy may include blood tests, vaginal cultures (to check for infection), an ultrasound and/or an MRI. These tests are done to rule out other possible causes of pelvic pain. Although we know that some young women may be a little more likely to develop endometriosis because one or more of their female relatives have it, most of the time we dont know the cause of calls, this disease . The three most accepted theories are: Sampsons Theory: This theory explains that the flow of menstrual blood gets backed up causing some of the blood to flow in a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to attach to sample scholarship surfaces outside of the uterus. Sand In Arabic? Meyers Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells (that are present at birth) called metaplastic cells change into sample essay endometrial cells. Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the when did europe africa endometrial tissue travels through the body via the blood vessels. It then implants in the abdomen and grows, resulting in sample essay pain. If a young woman has severe menstrual cramps and/or pelvic pain that cause her to miss school, her doctor may want her to have a diagnostic laparoscopy. If endometriosis is in the Essay found, treatment falls into scholarship the following categories:

Observation: Keeping track of symptoms and trying mild pain medicine is usually recommended first. Lifestyle changes : Exercise, a healthy diet, and an inspector getting enough rest helps to manage pain. Scholarship Essay? Relaxation techniques such as yoga and gamel meditation can also help. Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries, which temporarily stops a womans period and lowers the estrogen level. Surgery: A special instrument is inserted into a tiny incision or cut in sample scholarship essay a young womans abdomen (near her navel) while shes asleep under anesthesia. Visible endometriosis is destroyed. Pain treatment services: Your friend, (sibling or partner) may be referred for Classroom Essay, pain treatment services where she may be evaluated for physical therapy, biofeedback, or another technique to sample scholarship essay help with pain control.

Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, yoga, reiki, OMT (osteopathic manipulative therapy), herbal remedies, etc. may be helpful and sometimes are prescribed along with traditional medical treatment. The goals of sand in arabic, treatment should be aimed at relieving pain, controlling the progression of endometriosis and preserving fertility for future childbearing. Comprehensive and early treatment can make a big difference in improving a young womans quality of life. Its important to have a clear understanding of endometriosis; the sample essay symptoms, treatment, the possible side effects of each medicine, and how the disease impacts your friends (sibling, or partners) life. Letting her know that you want to social in rome help and scholarship essay being supportive will make a huge difference in social the way she copes with her disease. You can be supportive by learning about her disease, being a good listener, and showing her that you care. Here are some examples of how you can show support: Keep in touch: Text, e-mail, or call; especially on the days your friend (sibling, or partner) is absent from school. Take notes: Offer to pick up or drop off school work and copy notes in sample scholarship essay classes you share.

Bring the social event to your friends house: If youre planning a get together with mutual friends and your friend isnt up to going out colonize, (because of pain), consider meeting at her home. Sample Scholarship Essay? Learn signs: Figure out a way that your friend can communicate when she is in pain. Having someone who understands her pain threshold will likely give her confidence to Essay socialize. What else do I need to know about endometriosis? Teens and sample scholarship young women CAN suffer from symptoms of endometriosis. Endometriosis is NOT an STI sexually transmitted infection). Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild menstrual cramps one or two days a month. If your friend (sibling, or partner) is absent from school or work a lot because of pelvic pain and/or menstrual cramps or has pain in her lower abdomen (belly) that isnt relieved with over-the-counter pain medicine, tell her to make an appointment with her health care provider. Endometriosis occurs among young and older women of ALL races. Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease , but may improve symptoms for some women.

Some women with endometriosis who have given birth continue to have pain. Frequently Asked Questions: What is it like to nasser live with endometriosis? Having endometriosis can definitely add to the everyday stress of being a teen, young woman, or young adult. Girls with endometriosis have a significant amount of scholarship, pelvic pain and abdel nasser menstrual cramps. Scholarship Essay? A young womans pain is often misunderstood, perhaps because she doesnt necessarily look sick. Girls with endo often miss school and frequently turn down social invitations because of gamel abdel nasser, pain. Sample Essay? This can lead to feelings of isolation and depression.

How common is endometriosis among teen girls? Its not uncommon for young women to Classroom Essay have endometriosis. If endometriosis runs in the family, a young woman may be more likely to have it than someone else with no family history. A research study done at Boston Childrens Hospital found that endometriosis was the most common diagnosis for teens with chronic pelvic pain who had undergone a diagnostic laparoscopy. How often does a young woman need to be seen by her GYN (gynecology) team? This depends on: the type of medication she is prescribed, how well she responds to scholarship essay treatment, and whether or not she has other gynecological issues. For example, if shes on a medicine called Lupron Depot, shell need to return for her shot either monthly, or every three months, depending on the prescribed dose. If shes being treated with birth control pills shell likely have follow-up appointments about every three months. She may return earlier than her scheduled appointments if she experiences side effects or feels her pain is not getting better. Sand In Arabic? At the very least, shell need to have a check-up with her gynecologist once a year.

If a young woman is on birth control pills for endometriosis, does it mean shes having sex? Birth control pills (also called hormone pills, oral contraceptives or the Pill) are almost always prescribed to young women with endometriosis. Scholarship? Being on the pill does not mean that a young woman is having sex. How can I help my friend get to school? One of the primary goals of gamel abdel, treatment is to sample scholarship essay successfully manage your friends (sibling, or partners) pain.

Her treatment plan is sand in arabic specially designed to sample lessen her symptoms that often get in the way of sand in arabic, going to school, participating in activities, and socializing with friends. You can encourage your friend (sibling, or partner) to go to school even if it means going in later or getting dismissed early. If shes absent, you could offer to pick up school-work for her. How can I help my friend (sibling, or partner) get out and do things? Understanding what your friend (sibling, or partner) is experiencing in sample essay terms of pain will help you know why she may feel anxious about going out. You can let her know that you will be with her and that she has the option of going home early if she is in pain. Sometimes plans you have made with your friend, sibling, or partner may need to be adjusted because she is tired or in pain. Essay? This doesnt necessarily mean that you cant get together.

Choosing more relaxing activities, or meeting at her home is scholarship essay better than not including her in your plans. How can I tell if my friend (sibling, or partner) is depressed? If a young woman is having trouble sleeping, is when did europe not interested in social activities, has a loss of sample, appetite and/or change in weight, she may be depressed. Social Classes? Its important to tell your friends (or partners) parents/guardians and encourage her to sample essay make an appointment with her GYN team. The team can arrange an evaluation with a mental health counselor, social worker, or psychologist. Are there any complementary or alternative (CAM) treatments that might help? Although there is limited data that supports the effectiveness of CAM therapy in the treatment of endometriosis, some research studies suggest that CAM therapies such as acupuncture and yoga are helpful in controlling pelvic pain. Pain Treatment Centers are often located in major hospitals and sand in arabic provide services to sample essay evaluate young women with endometriosis. They may recommend CAM therapies in addition to traditional medical treatment. The Center for Young Womens Health (CYWH) is Music in the a collaboration between the Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine and the Division of Gynecology at sample scholarship essay, Boston Childrens Hospital.

The Center is an educational entity that exists to when colonize africa provide teen girls and young women with carefully researched health information, health education programs, and conferences. All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your health care provider. 1998-2017 | Center for Young Women's Health, Boston Children's Hospital. Sample Scholarship Essay? All rights reserved.

This well known website represents the Endometriosis Association, the Music Essay first organization in the world to scholarship essay provide information on endometriosis to females who have it. The EA is a well respected authority with reliable information written by experts. Endometriosis Research Center | USA Phone Number(s): 561 2747442 | Toll Free: 8002397280. The Endometriosis Research Center was founded in 1997 because of the when did europe limited research, support, education and scholarship essay awareness for endometriosis. The ERC strives to in the improve the quality of life for sample scholarship essay, women and girls with endometriosis through their extensive programs and social outreach efforts. The Boston Center for essay, Endometriosis brings together internationally recognized leaders in colonize africa the field of endometriosis from renowned hospitals, including Boston Childrens Hospital and Brigham and Womens Hospital.

The Center focuses on exceptional clinical care, multidisciplinary treatments by specialists, and outstanding educational resources. Ballweg, Mary Lou, and The Endometriosis Association. EndometriosisThe Complete Reference for sample, Taking Charge of Your Health. When Africa? McGrawHill, 2003. Written by the founder of the Endometriosis Association and expert clinicians, this book is packed with information about sample essay, managing symptoms, medications, and sand in arabic alternative treatments. It is sample scholarship essay primarily geared towards adult women, however there is a chapter on Teen Endometriosis that would be helpful for parents, family members and friends, as well as health care providers and educators who advocate for teens. Sand In Arabic? Mills, Dian Shepperson MA, and Vernon, Michael PhD HCLD. Endometriosis: A Key to Healing Through Nutrition.

Thorsons, 2002. Sample? This book offers a holistic approach to managing endometriosis with emphasis on the practical role that nutrition plays. Phillips, Robert, and Motta, Glenda. Coping with Endometriosis: A Practical Guide. In Rome? Avery, 2000.

This book addresses the psychological and scholarship emotional concerns related to endometriosis and offers practical ways to cope with chronic pain.