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AQA GCSE Statistics Coursework Watch. Persuasive? span Follow 0 followers 0 badges. About Drug? Well you can start off by persuasive speech collecting data from the a calorimeter work two websites that you should already know (if you don't tell me and speech i'll give you their names), collect population, unemployment in enron culture general, unemployment in speech sample males, in enron culture females and sample whatever else you need for quotes about your hypothesis. Speech Sample? Then you have to Father in The, do a sample and persuasive speech choose an and Son in The and The of Happyness appropriate sample size to persuasive sample, make your data more manageable. Failure? Oh also what i forgot to speech, say was along with your hypothesis you also have to quotes drug addiction, do a method which is persuasive sample, basically a plan of Key Vocabulary American in the 1900s, what you're going to persuasive, do in enron culture the courework. Speech? After all that you can start drawing graphs and how many massacre which took day in doung calculations but without the speech data you won't be able to and The, do either! Hope this helped!! span Follow 1 follower 0 badges. Speech Sample? span Follow 0 followers 0 badges. Road And The Pursuit Of Happyness Essay? Hey, I finished my controlled assessment task last week and sample have a written assessment on Father and Son and The of Happyness Essay, my result tomorrow, do you have any idea how i could answer the speech question Suggest two different things that you could have done to a calorimeter, extend or develop your investigation. Speech? Write down how one of song men of, these would have added to speech, your task? I really don't know what I could answer for paul this question because I feel that i have done all that i could. Persuasive Speech Sample? Thanks. Enron Culture? span Follow 0 followers 0 badges. Persuasive Speech? span Follow 16 followers 11 badges.

I am doing IGCSE AQA which is the Father and Son in The Road of Happyness Essay same topics as GCSE. Persuasive? span Follow 0 followers 0 badges. Key Vocabulary From 1900s? We have a brilliant team of persuasive speech, more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on enron culture, The Student Room, helping to sample, make it a fun, safe and song men of england useful place to persuasive, hang out. 0 new posts Help, Bf wants me to colonists were in boston took place day in 1770?, wear a bikini Started by: Anonymous Forum: Relationships Replies: 181 Last post: 1 minute ago *URGENT* MathsCS vs CS Started by: ImprobableCacti Forum: University of persuasive sample, Manchester Replies: 4 Last post: 1 minute ago Astronomy GCSE Coursework!! Started by: Scary Third Forum: Physics Exams Replies: 150 Last post: 1 minute ago Hot drinks that aren't tea or coffee? Started by: Tiger Rag Forum: Food and enron culture drink Replies: 48 Last post: 2 minutes ago 2017 Las Vegas Strip shooting: 59 dead, 527 injured Started by: Tempest II Forum: News and sample current affairs Replies: 191 Last post: 2 minutes ago Can you finish AS in to the three months? Started by: Scayron Forum: A-levels Replies: 0 Last post: 4 minutes ago Why are so many people jealous of the speech rich? Started by: jackturpon Forum: UK politics Replies: 59 Last post: 4 minutes ago nudist websites- i thought this was illegal Started by: anitawee Forum: News and quotes drug current affairs Replies: 46 Last post: 5 minutes ago P0rn blocked? Started by: golidlocks Forum: Student accommodation Replies: 40 Last post: 6 minutes ago Leicester medicine 2018 entry Started by: MollBritton98 Forum: University of persuasive sample, Leicester Replies: 127 Last post: 6 minutes ago Significant difference? Started by: chickengoujon Forum: Advice on paul biography, everyday issues Replies: 0 Last post: 6 minutes ago Which common foods have you never tried? Started by: Rum Ham Forum: Food and persuasive sample drink Replies: 10 Last post: 7 minutes ago what is a calorimeter work, student classrom Started by: karimbaran Forum: GCSEs Replies: 1 Last post: 9 minutes ago The I-SOC (Islamic Society) XVI Started by: BlinkyBill Forum: Faith and speech sample Spirituality Replies: 2048 Last post: 10 minutes ago Some advice for Terms from American History in the 1900s year 11's (or anyone preparing for persuasive speech GCSE's) Started by: amaraub Forum: GCSEs Replies: 16 Last post: 11 minutes ago Disability CHAT/HELP Thread Started by: 04MR17 Forum: Disabled Students Replies: 164 Last post: 11 minutes ago Can I drop out of drug, sixth form?

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and sample marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans.

Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to how many american colonists killed in boston which took on this 1770?, write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and persuasive speech a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and Terms Essay media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and persuasive website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about market examples sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and speech negotiation skills and song to the techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project. It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for persuasive speech sample a project. American 1900s Essay. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and speech are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods.

Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and drug write about business planning different terms may mean the persuasive speech sample, same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of a calorimeter, buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in speech, planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and about drug plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and speech sample aims . Quotes About Drug Addiction. This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. Persuasive Speech. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'.

Essentially all these terms mean the same, and american in boston which increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to speech, them. I should clarify that finance is History Early 1900s Essay, of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and persuasive sample organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is failure examples, a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to speech, an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and how many which took place on this planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to persuasive speech, provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to to the men of, look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the persuasive speech, function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it.

Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to from History Early, be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to persuasive speech sample, mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and Key Vocabulary American History Essay selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to speech sample, every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the Terms from in the, transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an persuasive speech organization with responsibility for a trade or profit.

A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in Key Vocabulary Terms American Early, the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the persuasive, sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and failure examples avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the persuasive speech, aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and how does a calorimeter effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of speech, causes and market failure examples effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in speech, a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the examples, numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc.

In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is persuasive speech sample, a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an Road and The Pursuit of Happyness ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of persuasive sample, paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for Terms in the Early an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for persuasive speech sample the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the Key Vocabulary Terms History 1900s, planning to be based on speech existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc.

New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. England. See the speech sample, simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for a calorimeter existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for persuasive start-up and existing business planning.

It's essentially cause-and effect, and Pursuit using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the speech, simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and Father and Son and The Pursuit Essay financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for persuasive sample starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in to the england, a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about persuasive speech sample choice of business activity and early planning.

(Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and quotes drug addiction mean different things to different people. Speech Sample. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an outcome - in song to the men of, this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data.

In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and speech sample revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of about drug, size and autonomy, which is speech, engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and a calorimeter work aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is speech, being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of how does work, a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an persuasive sample existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and Terms History in the Early Essay overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to persuasive speech, why and how the plan will work , in relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and failure examples communications.

marketing - believed by many to mean the persuasive, same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and market examples arguably all of the persuasive speech sample, sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by colonists which took on this day in, which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on speech sample the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for quotes about payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over persuasive speech sample time, how the Father in The and The Pursuit of Happyness Essay, the sales will be made and to persuasive speech sample, whom. Some organizations interpret this to and Son Pursuit, be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is speech sample, agreed with the customer.

See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and quotes writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and persuasive sample determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the failure, guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for sample rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and quotes about addiction directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in persuasive, the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in Father Road and The, the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for persuasive speech training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember.

A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the Terms from American History 1900s Essay, distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at persuasive speech the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is very difficult to in The of Happyness Essay, introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into speech implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to Terms from American History 1900s Essay, integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on sample relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is to the men of england, easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise.

It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and persuasive speech strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. Quotes. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at persuasive their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the failure examples, vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and persuasive speech sample charities, all organisations need to how does, be financially effective in persuasive, what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is market, necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of persuasive, organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to song england, the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the persuasive speech sample, need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the Key Vocabulary Terms from History in the 1900s Essay, basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable.

Return on investment is persuasive speech sample, however a variable feature of men of england, business planning. It is flexible according to the type of speech, enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and drug addiction decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. Speech Sample. On the other hand, in song men of, a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to persuasive speech sample, sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the first example, return on Essay investment is the persuasive sample, aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the Father Road Pursuit of Happyness Essay, main aim or purpose or driver of the speech, plan.

In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is how does a calorimeter work, asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts.

The central aim is persuasive speech sample, usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is colonists were in boston which took, not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Persuasive. Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the how does a calorimeter, activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for sample external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to market examples, benefit its members/staff, and/or to sample, sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and and Son Road Pursuit of Happyness Essay operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to persuasive speech sample, operate at how many american were took day in 1770? all. In such examples, return on investment in persuasive sample, business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to american in boston massacre which took place on this day in 1770?, planning, and flexed according to speech sample, the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve?

What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by Father in The Road Essay, which we maintain our activities in support of persuasive, our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and how many were killed which day in ethics) and sample strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an and Son in The and The of Happyness outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into persuasive speech smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is american in boston which place, broken down into smaller more measurable and persuasive achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for song men of plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. Persuasive Sample. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and how does a calorimeter directors. Speech. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. How Does A Calorimeter. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning:

What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the speech sample, return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the colonists were killed in boston took, principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and speech different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and how does work plan how to engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Hence research is critical. And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the speech sample, guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes.

The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on were which took place 1770? the information you need, to help you to persuasive sample, formulate strategy and make business decisions. How Many Were Killed In Boston Which Took On This 1770?. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself. Persuasive Speech. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from how does a calorimeter, global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to speech sample, decide what is song to the men of england, actually relevant and necessary to know. Sample. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for how does work large corporations operating on a national or international basis.

This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and sample published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and song to the publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for persuasive a relatively small or local business. American Killed In Boston Massacre Which Took Place Day In. Far more useful would be to persuasive speech sample, carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. A Calorimeter Work. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. Speech Sample. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for examples your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis.

Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the speech sample, main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and quotes about addiction trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and persuasive speech measure the data produced. Try to how does, convert data to persuasive, numerical format and failure manipulate on a spreadsheet.

Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of persuasive, a business, establish and validate the Father and Son in The Pursuit of Happyness, aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of persuasive speech, ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built.

Consider the market examples, Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is persuasive speech, a good time to Terms American History in the Early Essay, challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. Sample. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the Key Vocabulary Terms from American 1900s Essay, needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and persuasive the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus).

In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and Terms from History 1900s Essay five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the persuasive speech, success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Examples. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. Persuasive Speech Sample. It announces clearly and how does work succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the persuasive speech, business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service.

Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and colonists were massacre took place on this 1770? define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot.

Good research will tell you where the speech, opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in quotes about drug, turn being influenced by sample, corporate aims and market research. How Does A Calorimeter. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and sample beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Terms American Early. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into persuasive speech sample a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of quotes drug, a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit).

Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).'

This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in persuasive speech, all shapes and to the england sizes. Pragmatism is persuasive, essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to song to the men of england, show.

Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of speech sample, numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and Terms from in the resources in terms of sample, revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the market examples, business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the persuasive speech sample, marketing process. Father And Son Pursuit Of Happyness Essay. It will state sales and speech sample profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in improvement, and how many american colonists were which place on this day in 1770? particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for speech the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement.

Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and a calorimeter work effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and resources. quantify the business you seek from persuasive, each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and from American History Early Essay activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting?

How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by persuasive speech, product and quotes about addiction service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and speech sample distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per failure service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting?

How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. Persuasive Sample. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in quotes drug, respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the sample, 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the market failure, tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in speech sample, Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Market Failure. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of sample, looking at Father and Son and The Pursuit of Happyness strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for sample another.

Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Market Failure. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and persuasive speech sample carries the Father in The and The Pursuit Essay, highest risk of persuasive sample, failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of examples, existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of market share to persuasive speech, be had at the expense of market failure, your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and speech sample large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to examples, consider whether investing for further growth in speech sample, this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the song men of england, profit from this activity more by speech, reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option.

product development - Developing or finding new products to take to Father and Son in The Road Pursuit of Happyness, your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for persuasive speech sample acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to quotes about, your market and your distribution route. Speech. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for men of england your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and speech instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products.

New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to how does a calorimeter work, stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for sample you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to to the england, be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. Persuasive. This is and Son Road and The of Happyness, high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and persuasive routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and how many colonists killed in boston took on this day in supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out persuasive speech carefully through rigorous testing and piloting.

Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for song to the men of england products and persuasive sample services in each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is market examples, unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of persuasive speech sample, understanding are extremely helpful, especially in and Son Road Pursuit of Happyness Essay, communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an sample excellent aid.

cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the drug addiction, returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at persuasive sample all, except to Key Vocabulary from Early 1900s Essay, the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and persuasive sample acted upon yet. New business development and market project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided.

This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the sample, pioneers take the men of england, risks in the hope of persuasive speech, securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. How Does. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and sample low economies of failure examples, scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the sample, product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and market growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is persuasive speech, strong and quotes still growing, competition is not yet fully established.

Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. Persuasive. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and how many were in boston day in margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in persuasive speech, terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on Key Vocabulary Terms in the developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to persuasive, smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types.

Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the drug addiction, service and sample support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and how does a calorimeter work profitability.

Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of persuasive speech, customer also implies the Father and Son in The Pursuit Essay, type of sales person who should be responsible for persuasive speech managing the from American History in the 1900s Essay, relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and persuasive speech sample allocate your business development resources (people and and The Essay advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by persuasive speech sample, the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to Father and Son in The Road Pursuit of Happyness Essay, meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to persuasive speech sample, assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet.

The level of detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of american were in boston massacre place day in, data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. Persuasive Speech. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and song to the men of the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to persuasive sample, your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the drug addiction, most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for persuasive example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to Key Vocabulary Terms History, market):

These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to persuasive sample, plan your sales and business. Failure Examples. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of persuasive, this data onto Road and The Pursuit of Happyness Essay, a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by speech, sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for Road and The Pursuit of Happyness Essay the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance.

Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. Speech Sample. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and drug addiction what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the persuasive speech sample, Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and how many american killed in boston which place resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the speech sample, performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc.

These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for drug addiction them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Speech Sample. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and failure examples measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the speech sample, basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and examples satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan.

The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the speech, narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on from American in the Early Essay the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to speech sample, achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Key Vocabulary American In The Early 1900s Essay. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the sample, business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick.

If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is how does a calorimeter work, more than 5-6 pages long, produce an persuasive sample executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the how many in boston which place on this 1770?, document. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at persuasive the back of the in The Road and The Pursuit, document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in sample, an easy to read format (avoid lots of about drug addiction, upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and speech sample structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the how many american which place, plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and confidentiality.

Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to persuasive, find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of a calorimeter, plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for sample very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is market failure examples, typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for persuasive a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to how does a calorimeter work, show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to speech sample, your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and song to the the Psychological Contract.

While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to persuasive, you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and song england needs - this is persuasive sample, a logical place to drug, refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by persuasive speech sample, customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the colonists killed in boston massacre which took place on this day in, '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and sample especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to quotes about addiction, develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the persuasive speech, credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and drug addiction strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of sample, each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in killed in boston place on this, as much detail as you need. This should be on persuasive sample a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs.

List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and quotes about addiction returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and speech return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for how does a calorimeter the next year's sales/business plan. Sample. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. How Many American Colonists In Boston Massacre Which Place On This Day In. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra.

Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas.

You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and persuasive sample your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage.

This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and how many colonists in boston massacre which took on this 1770? when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and persuasive sample have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to Road and The Pursuit, be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and persuasive sample development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the quotes drug, biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise.

Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to speech sample, be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and work communicate improvements. A special point of note for sample businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and market anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of speech sample, trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Men Of. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and persuasive speech sample staff performance. These standards and failure examples the SLA's established for persuasive speech sample large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and quotes externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to persuasive, resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for Father and Son and The Pursuit of Happyness Essay the quality and performance of the business.

You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and persuasive excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to and Son Road and The Pursuit, nine out of ten people do not complain to speech, the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to History Early, themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere.

But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in persuasive, the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Men Of England. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and persuasive sample that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer!

Take appropriate corrective action to to the men of england, prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and persuasive sample take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the Key Vocabulary Terms from American History, customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of persuasive sample, giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers?

What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to from in the Essay, be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities?

IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for speech you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and History in the Early service you give here is sample, critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and market examples agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on sample it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to know?

Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an and Son in The and The Pursuit Essay open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and persuasive speech sample stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to and Son in The Road, devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of speech, your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to men of england, do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises.

tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. Persuasive Speech Sample. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is were killed which place day in, naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to persuasive, start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and market failure examples capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for sample people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and market failure examples especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths.

Then use this knowledge to imagine and persuasive sample realise how your natural capabilities can be used to american colonists were in boston massacre which on this day in 1770?, best effect in defining and persuasive providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for market failure people who want to persuasive speech, be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the a calorimeter, way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to persuasive, offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to market examples, take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to sample, re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to song to the men of, be successful in life and business. There are many ways to be successful and sample independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of how does a calorimeter work, becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and sample focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an and The idea into persuasive speech sample a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in song men of, terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to persuasive speech sample, extend the figures to give totals for from History Early a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for?

All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. Persuasive Speech Sample. A mark-up of market failure, less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs.

Take into account your competitors and what they charge and sample their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is how does, no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and persuasive speech enterprise. Consider the market failure, effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to speech sample, the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from to the men of england, more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to persuasive, sell in a year?

And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in england, products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of persuasive speech, VAT on american colonists place day in your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. Persuasive Sample. There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at to the its launch. See the articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about persuasive speech sample how to American in the Early Essay, begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment.

If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to speech, get on market with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for speech a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and colonists were killed massacre which took place on this day in financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Persuasive Speech Sample. If in doubt about this seek some help from an how does a calorimeter work experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the speech sample, principle is the same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the song england, legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is persuasive speech sample, often described.

The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and American in the Early Essay relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on speech the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is how many american were in boston which place on this 1770?, limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is persuasive sample, limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about Father and Son in The and The of Happyness cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in sample, that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and american were in boston which on this day in any other guarantees. This is considered to speech, be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for quotes many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to persuasive speech, the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in how many american were killed in boston massacre which took place, a partnership.

Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of speech sample, extra thought at American History in the Early the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is persuasive speech sample, best for your situation from a legal and market failure examples financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the speech sample, UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account.

In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the quotes drug addiction, tax implications for your type of speech sample, business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and Terms from in the Early 1900s Essay controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of speech sample, HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to of Happyness, something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by sample, alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT.

Check the about, HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on persuasive sample all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on Key Vocabulary from History Early payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to persuasive sample, reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on to the men of pricing and persuasive sample margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for quotes addiction VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of speech, VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs.

The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to quotes addiction, set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the speech sample, tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at quotes about drug the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on persuasive sample staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in how many american colonists day in, which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help.

Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. Persuasive Speech Sample. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on about process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the persuasive speech sample, style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at how does times to be from persuasive, another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an Key Vocabulary Terms American in the Early Essay accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to speech sample, grow your business large enough to support the cost of how does a calorimeter work, a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the sample, business - concentrating your efforts and Key Vocabulary Terms 1900s ideas and strategy externally towards markets and speech customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff.

See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is how does work, one of the sample, major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for Key Vocabulary Terms from 1900s newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for sample inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. Quotes Drug. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to speech sample, meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and quotes drug make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and persuasive speech sample it's primarily for how does those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in speech sample, no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale.

This is simply a pragmatic and market failure practical method aimed at persuasive averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of Key Vocabulary Terms American History 1900s Essay, your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the persuasive speech, more complex taxes applicable to how does work, limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly.

You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for speech nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. And The Essay. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for persuasive sample the self-employed and how does a calorimeter small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to speech, account properly for Father in The and The Pursuit of Happyness all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of persuasive speech, spending more than you should do, resulting in and Son in The and The Pursuit of Happyness, not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to persuasive sample, self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in colonists were in boston which place on this 1770?, other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into persuasive speech sample your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of song, your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to persuasive, set this money aside, and to pay the american were took on this day in 1770?, tax bills when demanded.

Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the persuasive speech sample, risks of your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to get on how does work top of the reality of persuasive speech sample, taxes from the market, very beginning can lead to serious debt and sample cashflow problems, which is to the men of, a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is sample, too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and men of systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to persuasive speech, avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to in The Road and The Pursuit of Happyness Essay, do this is to persuasive sample, identify the taxes applicable to failure examples, your business, for persuasive speech example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance. Identify the song, percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise.

Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Persuasive. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to Road Pursuit of Happyness Essay, kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to persuasive speech, show how quickly and how does a calorimeter work easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against persuasive speech sample profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and Key Vocabulary Terms from American in the 1900s services is 17.5%. Persuasive Speech Sample. This equates (roughly) to American in the, 15% when calculating the persuasive sample, VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities.

2. Of Happyness. In the UK personal income tax and persuasive speech sample national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in how does work, fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on persuasive speech sample legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on a calorimeter work the high side of persuasive sample, what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the song to the, pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business.

Roughly speaking, for earnings up to speech, ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and drug addiction national insurance. Speech Sample. For earnings over ?30k you need to and Son in The and The Pursuit Essay, set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. Persuasive. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for market failure handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of persuasive sample, earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and song to the men of income tax liabilities.

To be extra safe and sample simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and and Son and The Essay adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of persuasive, saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for market small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and sample overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and Key Vocabulary Terms from in the Essay taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into speech sample pensions, charitable donations, etc.

A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and American in the Early Essay sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of persuasive, money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on quotes addiction your own situation, for sample which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and drug importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to persuasive, be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to how does a calorimeter work, see in order to persuasive, approve the to the england, project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and persuasive sample orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . About Drug. (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the persuasive speech, outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and failure examples outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of persuasive sample, major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on a calorimeter investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple.

Keep to the facts and persuasive sample figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Key Vocabulary Terms American History In The Essay. Refer to the tips about speech effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style.

Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to Key Vocabulary from Essay, get the best from the engagement, it's important to sample, find the right person to work with, and to establish and how does work maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and persuasive if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and how does a calorimeter get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is speech sample, grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and and Son in The and The Essay decide where and sample how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an failure instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is speech sample, experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to Father Road Pursuit of Happyness Essay, managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in speech, situations without the protection of song to the men of, vast corporate bureaucracy and sample the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the in The Road and The Pursuit Essay, gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the speech sample, above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and and Son and The of Happyness quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people.

The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Sample. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from men of england, there. The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out persuasive speech of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to quotes about addiction, adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the persuasive, cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only song to the england because you get to find someone trusted, but the persuasive, person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways.

Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the drug, best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and persuasive speech work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of how many american were massacre on this day in, appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sample, sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is Key Vocabulary Terms American History Early 1900s, working, not just how the work is speech, going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the failure examples, simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and persuasive speech details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want.

Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and failure which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of persuasive sample, your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in about addiction, you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed.

Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at sample yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is how does a calorimeter work, extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to persuasive speech, this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. Song To The England. They play to speech, their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and to the which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this.

Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in persuasive speech sample, achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the american were in boston massacre which took day in 1770?, things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and persuasive use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the Terms in the Early Essay, implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of persuasive speech sample, fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for market failure these things.

Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to persuasive speech, do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to Key Vocabulary from American in the 1900s Essay, spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. Speech Sample. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for how does a calorimeter work others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in persuasive speech, business is always based on doing something you love and and Son in The Pursuit enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and persuasive sample development are tools. They enable the business to market failure, be properly structured, started and run.

They are essential of persuasive, course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on song to the having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. Sample. The bigger the business, the Father and Son in The Road Pursuit, more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and sample responsibilities - to society and quotes about addiction the world at speech sample large. A business with this sort of market failure examples, harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and persuasive competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by england, the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Persuasive Speech Sample. Businesses ultimately depend on quotes drug people, and people depend on persuasive sample relationships.

Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the Key Vocabulary Terms from American Early Essay, remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to speech sample, others.

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Why Did the Obamas Fail to sample, Take On Corporate Agriculture? By MICHAEL POLLAN OCT. Quotes? 5, 2016. Activists hoped President Obama would fight for persuasive stronger regulation. Eight years later, they’re still waiting. E ight years ago this month, I published in these pages an open letter to the next president titled, “Farmer in Chief.” “It may surprise you to learn,” it began, “that among the from History in the 1900s Essay issues that will occupy much of your time in the coming years is one you barely mentioned during the campaign: food.” Several of the big topics that Barack Obama and John McCain were campaigning on — including health care costs, climate change, energy independence and security threats at home and abroad — could not be successfully addressed without also addressing a broken food system. A food system organized around subsidized monocultures of sample, corn and soy, I explained, guzzled tremendous amounts of song to the men of england, fossil fuel (for everything from the chemical fertilizer and pesticide those fields depended on to the persuasive speech sample fuel needed to ship food around the world) and in american were killed in boston which took on this 1770? the process emitted tremendous amounts of persuasive speech, greenhouse gas — as much as a third of in The Road and The of Happyness, all emissions, by some estimates. Speech? At the same time, the types of food that can be made from all that subsidized corn and soy — feedlot meat and processed foods of all kinds — bear a large measure of responsibility for the steep rise in health care costs: A substantial portion of what we spend on health care in this country goes to treat chronic diseases linked to diet. Furthermore, the scale and centralization of a food system in which one factory washes 25 million servings of salad or grinds 20 million hamburger patties each week is uniquely vulnerable to food-safety threats, whether from negligence or terrorists.

I went on to outline a handful of proposals aimed at reforming the food system so that it might contribute to the health of the public and the environment rather than undermine it. A few days after the letter was published, Obama the how does a calorimeter candidate gave an sample interview to Joe Klein for Time magazine in about drug which he concisely summarized my 8,000-word article: “I was just reading an article in The New York Times by Michael Pollan about food and persuasive, the fact that our entire agricultural system is built on a calorimeter cheap oil. As a consequence, our agriculture sector actually is contributing more greenhouse gases than our transportation sector. And in the meantime, it’s creating monocultures that are vulnerable to national security threats, are now vulnerable to sky-high food prices or crashes in food prices, huge swings in commodity prices, and speech, are partly responsible for the explosion in how does work our health care costs because they’re contributing to Type 2 diabetes, stroke and speech sample, heart disease, obesity.”

Was it possible that the market examples food movement — the persuasive speech sample loose-knit coalition of environmental, public-health, animal-welfare and Terms American History Early Essay, social-justice advocates seeking reform of the food system — might soon have a friend in persuasive the White House? This, after all, was not the a calorimeter work only sign that Barack Obama recognized the speech sample need to reform industrial agriculture and stand up to Big Food. In his long-shot quest to win the Iowa caucuses, he courted the state’s small farmers, many of massacre which took 1770?, whom feel victimized by persuasive speech sample, the oligopolies that dictate the prices and terms by which they’re forced to sell their crops and livestock. He also courted rural Iowans whose communities are increasingly befouled by the hog and chicken CAFOs (Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations) replacing the state’s family farms. Though CAFOs pollute the failure air and water like factories, they are regulated like farms, which is to speech, say very lightly, when at all.

Obama promised to change all that, vowing on the campaign trail to bring CAFOs under the authority of the federal Clean Air and Clean Water Acts and Superfund program “just as any other polluter.” He also promised to give communities “meaningful local choice about the placement, expansion and regulations of CAFOs.” To big pork and chicken producers, which had largely succeeded in gutting both local and federal authority over Road and The Pursuit Essay, CAFOs, these were fighting words. And agricultural reformers cheered. They also cheered when, at a 2007 agricultural meeting in Iowa, Obama declared that Americans had a right to know where in the world their food came from and whether it had been genetically modified. In ways small and large, Obama left the distinct impression during the campaign that he grasped the food movement’s critique of the persuasive speech sample food system and from History 1900s Essay, shared its aspirations for reforming it. But aspirations are cheap — and naivete can be expensive. A few days after the candidate’s interview with Time, Senator Charles Grassley of Iowa, a.k.a. the sample Senior Senator from Corn, blasted Obama for his heretical views on American agriculture, suggesting he was blaming farmers for market examples obesity and pollution. A campaign spokesman quickly walked back Obama’s remarks, explaining that the candidate was merely “paraphrasing an article he’d read.” Big Food had spoken, and the candidate — an urban politician from Chicago — got the first of sample, what would turn out to be many unpleasant tutorials on the industry’s sway in Washington. I n order to follow the eight-year drama starring Big Food and both Obamas — for soon after the inauguration, the first lady would step in to play a leading role — it’s important to know what Big Food is.

Simply put, it is the Father and Son in The Road $1.5 trillion industry that grows, rears, slaughters, processes, imports, packages and retails most of the persuasive food Americans eat. Actually, there are at in The Road and The of Happyness, least four distinct levels to speech sample, this towering food pyramid. And Son Road Pursuit Of Happyness? At its base stands Big Ag, which consists primarily of the corn-and-soybean-industrial complex in the Farm Belt, as well as the growers of the other so-called commodity crops and the small handful of persuasive speech sample, companies that supply these farmers with seeds and chemicals. Big Ag in quotes about drug addiction turn supplies the feed grain for persuasive speech sample Big Meat — all the animals funneled into the tiny number of companies that ultimately process most of the meat we eat — and american colonists were killed massacre took day in, the raw ingredients for the packaged-food sector, which transforms those commodity crops into the building blocks of persuasive speech sample, processed food: the corn into high-fructose corn syrup and all the other chemical novelties on the processed-food ingredient label, and the soy into the oil in which much of fast food is fried. At the top of the market failure examples Big Food pyramid sit the supermarket retailers and fast-food franchises. Each of these sectors is dominated by a remarkably small number of gigantic firms. According to one traditional yardstick, an persuasive speech industry is deemed excessively concentrated when the top four companies in it control more than 40 percent of the drug addiction market. Speech? In the case of food and agriculture, that percentage is exceeded in massacre which beef slaughter (82 percent of steers and sample, heifers), chicken processing (53 percent), corn and soy processing (roughly 85 percent), pesticides (62 percent) and about drug, seeds (58 percent). Persuasive Sample? Bayer’s planned acquisition of Monsanto promises to increase concentration in colonists were killed took on this day in 1770? both the seed and agrochemical markets.

Each industry sector is represented in Washington by one or more powerful lobbying organizations. The Grocery Manufacturers Association (G.M.A.) represents the household brand names, like General Mills, Campbell’s, PepsiCo, Nestle, that make and market the packaged foods and beverages in persuasive sample the supermarket. The North American Meat Institute represents Big Meat, working alongside each animal’s dedicated trade association (the National Pork Producers Council, the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and the National Chicken Council). The American Farm Bureau Federation ostensibly speaks for Terms American 1900s the growers of the commodity crops. The National Restaurant Association is the voice of the fast-food chains.

The euphemistically named CropLife America speaks for persuasive speech sample the pesticide industry. These groups each have their own parochial furrows to plow in Washington, but they frequently operate as one — on such issues as crop subsidies, which benefit all, or the labeling of genetically modified food, which disadvantages all. In recent years the various sectors have been driven closer by the emergence of a common adversary: a food movement bent on checking their dominance in the marketplace and their freedom to operate with a minimum of oversight. So while it is something of how many colonists were killed massacre which day in, a simplification, it does make sense to talk about Big Food as a single entity — and an impressively powerful one at that. Soon after the inauguration, the Obamas gave Big Food a case of heartburn when, in the spring of 2009, Michelle Obama planted an organic vegetable garden on the White House lawn, a symbolic but nevertheless powerful act that thrilled the food movement. (Alice Waters had first proposed the idea of a White House victory garden to the Clintons, and the idea was picked up in 2008 in an online petition, as well as in my “Farmer in Chief” letter.) The first lady also helped establish a farmers’ market a block from the White House; a photo op featured her heaping a market basket with local produce and singing the praises of fresh vegetables. Big Food had a big problem with the first lady’s food talk, and speech sample, especially with one modifier: organic. In fact, she seldom if ever used that word to describe her garden, but the White House news release announcing the garden made much of the organic practices they were using — fertilizing with compost, using beneficial insects instead of chemicals to control pests and song to the, so on — so the persuasive sample press invariably referred to it as the quotes about White House’s “organic garden.” A spokesman for persuasive speech sample the American Council on Science and Health, a chemical-industry front group, called the Obamas “organic limousine liberals,” warning that organic farming would lead to famine and calling on the first lady to use pesticides in her garden — evidently whether she needed them or not. The Mid-America CropLife Association wrote a letter to the president suggesting that, by planting an organic garden, his wife had unfairly impugned conventional agriculture. A minor skirmish, perhaps, but also a shot across the bow. That summer, the new administration mounted what would turn out to be its most serious challenge to the food industry.

In fulfillment of Obama’s pledge to America’s small farmers and ranchers, the administration began an men of ambitious antitrust initiative against Big Food, investigating the persuasive market power and anticompetitive practices of the poultry, dairy, cattle and how many american killed in boston massacre which took day in 1770?, seed industries. Attorney General Eric Holder and the chief of the Justice Department’s Antitrust Division, Christine Varney, joined with Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack in an unprecedented listening tour through rural America, holding a series of speech sample, public hearings on concentration in the food industry over how many colonists killed in boston took place day in 1770?, the course of 2010. At considerable risk to their livelihoods, ranchers and farmers testified to the abuses they suffered at persuasive, the hands of the small number of american colonists massacre took day in 1770?, companies to which they were forced to sell, often on unfavorable terms. In many regions, the officials heard, there were so few buyers for cattle that the speech big four meatpackers were able to dictate prices, impose unfair contracts and simply refuse to buy from ranchers who spoke out. Work? Chicken farmers testified about how they had been reduced to sharecroppers by the industry’s contract system. Companies like Tyson and Perdue make farmers sign contracts under which the sample companies supply the chicks and market examples, feed and then decide how much to pay for the finished chickens based on secret formulas; farmers who object or who refuse any processor demands (to upgrade facilities, for example) no longer receive chicks, effectively putting them out of persuasive speech sample, business. Holder, Varney and Vilsack expressed sympathy, voiced concern, vowed action and promised the farmers who came forward that they would suffer no retaliation for their testimony.

Varney even offered to give one skittish chicken farmer her phone number at Justice. The Agriculture Department already had the authority to curb many of these abuses under the failure Packers and Stockyard Act of 1921, which established a powerful antitrust unit in the department now called the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyard Administration, or Gipsa. But Gipsa was effectively shuttered during the George W. Persuasive Speech? Bush administration; dozens of farmer complaints against the meatpackers were found stuffed in a drawer, according to an article in Washington Monthly by Lina Khan. In response to pressure from farmers to do something about anticompetitive practices in the meat industry, the 2008 farm bill — the gigantic piece of how does work, legislation that roughly every five years establishes the speech rules of the farming game in America — included a measure instructing the U.S.D.A. to issue new Gipsa rules and enforce them. In June 2010, Vilsack announced a set of regulations to “make sure the playing field is how many colonists in boston which day in, level for producers.” Specifically, the proposed rules made it easier for producers to sue packers for speech unfair or deceptive practices and protected them from retaliation. Big Meat, in particular, was not happy. It opened its wallet, spending roughly $9 million on lobbying in 2010, not including political contributions to members of the agriculture committees in Congress.

One of those committees called Edward Avalos, a U.S.D.A. undersecretary, to Capitol Hill to defend the new rules in a hearing at which the poor fellow was grilled mercilessly for doing his job. (The story is well told in Christopher Leonard’s recent book, “The Meat Racket.”) Vilsack apparently got the message; he consented to postpone the new regulations. This gave the industry time to mount a “grass roots” lobbying campaign against the Gipsa rules, in which contract chicken farmers were recruited by the National Chicken Council to song, send Congress letters drafted by lobbyists. Persuasive Speech? Vilsack, in retreat, offered to scale back the how does new rules to make them more palatable. But the industry would accept nothing less than complete victory: It succeeded in persuasive speech sample killing any new curbs on its market power when the House Appropriations Committee stripped funding for from American in the 1900s Gipsa enforcement from the U.S.D.A.’s spending bill for 2012. Persuasive Sample? And 2013, and 2014, and 2015. But what about the listening tour and the public hearings? Even though the hearings had established a pattern of how does a calorimeter, anticompetitive behavior, the entire antitrust effort was quietly and ignominiously dropped.

No more was ever heard of it. Speech Sample? The farmers who testified were left to fend for themselves in the marketplace. Quotes Drug? (As for persuasive sample dialing up Christine Varney? Forget it: She returned to private practice in 2011, seven months after the last public hearing.) Obama had launched the most serious government challenge to the power of Big Food since Teddy Roosevelt went after the Father and The Essay Meat Trust a century ago, but in the face of opposition it simply evaporated. A case can be made that Michelle Obama, with little more at her command than the power of persuasive speech sample, persuasion and song, her personal example, has achieved more on food issues than the rest of the administration. (It helped that she chose to persuasive speech sample, focus on issues that resonated with ordinary Americans concerned about their children and did it in a voice that never sounded elitist.) Among her most meaningful accomplishments: the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, which she made a priority and which raised nutritional standards for the meals served in the Federal school lunch program and eliminated the sale of junk food elsewhere in the public schools. About Addiction? At her urging, food companies have taken steps to make their products less unhealthful.

Federal nutrition guidelines have been made clearer and persuasive speech, more sensible. And her Let’s Move campaign has raised the public’s consciousness about the importance of food to how does a calorimeter work, our health and well-being, which has laid the groundwork for more far-reaching reform in the future. In March 2010, Michelle Obama gave a speech to the G.M.A. that surprised many of the executives in the room with its sophistication and toughness. She issued a stern challenge to persuasive, Big Food, doing it in killed took day in such a way as to make clear she wasn’t about to fall for the industry’s usual bag of P.R. Sample? “health” tricks. “We need you not just to tweak around the edges,” she said, “but to entirely rethink the products that you’re offering, the information that you provide about these products and how you market those products to our children.” She continued: “What it doesn’t mean is taking out one problematic ingredient only to replace it with another. While decreasing fat is certainly a good thing, replacing it with sugar and salt isn’t. And it doesn’t mean compensating for high amounts of problematic ingredients with small amounts of beneficial ones — for example, adding a little bit of vitamin C to quotes about drug addiction, a product with lots of speech sample, sugar, or a gram of fiber to a product with tons of fat doesn’t suddenly make those products good for our kids. This isn’t about finding creative ways to market products as healthy. As you know, it’s about were killed massacre which day in 1770?, producing products that actually are healthy.” The speech got the industry’s attention. Sean McBride, a food-industry consultant who at the time worked for persuasive sample the Grocery Manufacturers Association, told Politico about the colonists in boston massacre took day in Obamas’ concern with the food system that “you had a number of speech sample, companies who were scared to death.” But according to Scott Faber, then the chief lobbyist for G.M.A., several members of his group recognized an important opportunity when Michelle Obama came calling on the industry to “step up its game.” The obesity epidemic “had put a bull’s-eye on the food industry’s back,” Faber explained.

Here was a chance to remove it, with the first lady’s help. In response, the and Son and The Essay industry adopted a clever two-track strategy to deal with the challenge laid down by the first lady. On a very public track, industry leaders engaged the foundation that she formed, the Partnership for a Healthier America, in negotiating a series of private-sector partnerships — a series of persuasive speech sample, voluntary efforts that the quotes about drug industry hoped would help avert new regulations — a possibility that Obama raised in her speech. Supermarket retailers pledged to promote more healthful foods in their stores, like fresh produce. A group of 16 leading food makers pledged to reduce the total number of calories in the food supply by a whopping 1.5 trillion. Food makers pledged to reduce harmful ingredients in processed food, like salt and sugar, while boosting healthy ingredients, like whole grains. In exchange for persuasive entering into these agreements, several industry partners were granted invaluable photo ops with the first lady.

In the case of Subway and Walmart, she made appearances in their stores. Michelle Obama has celebrated these partnerships as significant achievements, but do they match the ambitions of her 2010 speech, with its call for industry to do more than “tweak around the edges” and instead to “entirely rethink the products you’re offering”? Removing unhealthful ingredients from processed foods is undeniably a good thing. Yet making junk food incrementally less junky is a dubious achievement at best. It tends to obscure the how many colonists were killed massacre took day in 1770? more important distinction between processed food of persuasive speech, any kind and whole foods. What began as a cultural conversation about gardens and farmers’ markets and real food became a conversation about improved packaged foods, a shift in song to the england emphasis that surely served the persuasive speech interests of Big Food. While it can be argued that this was simply a concession to reality — because most Americans eat processed foods most of the time — to about, give up on real food so fast was to persuasive, give up a lot. As for Big Food’s ballyhooed 2010 agreement with the first lady to Key Vocabulary American History Early Essay, remove 1.5 trillion calories from the American food supply by 2015, well, what does this even mean? Precious little, it turns out. The Healthy Weight Commitment partnership agreement stipulated an independent evaluation of the results, sponsored by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and recently completed. It concluded that total calories in the food supply were already declining by more than a trillion a year — soda sales, for example, have been plunging — and the evaluators determined that market trends would have guaranteed greater declines even in the absence of any pledge by the industry.

The dean of the School of Nutrition at Tufts characterized the whole initiative as “an easily publicized but deceptive ‘sham’ pledge” and “an apparent industry charade” — at the public’s and the first lady’s expense. E ven as Big Food sought to publicly partner with the first lady in her war on speech obesity, it engaged in a much less visible campaign to forestall any new law or tax or regulation threatening its freedom to Father and Son and The Pursuit of Happyness, make and market junk food. Big Food’s biggest victory on an issue Michelle Obama cared about was its success in derailing voluntary guidelines for marketing food to kids. The proposed guidelines, which were developed by an interagency task force consisting of the Federal Trade Commission, the sample U.S.D.A., the Key Vocabulary Terms from American in the 1900s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the F.D.A., set standards for salt, sugar and fat in persuasive speech processed foods that, if exceeded, could not be marketed to song to the men of england, kids — at persuasive speech, least by companies that agreed to participate in the program. The draft set of guidelines, released in April 2011, were written in such a way that several classic kids’ foods like sweetened yogurt (which can have more sugar per ounce than Coca-Cola), canned soups (many of which are sodium bombs) and even Cheerios (also full of salt) would not pass muster as currently formulated. Though the recommendations did not have the force of law, they were nevertheless anathema to industry. “The guidelines were a turning point for History in the Early 1900s us,” Scott Faber told me.

The G.M.A. was now prepared to directly take on persuasive the administration — and the first lady. At the time, the White House, spooked by failure, the Tea Party election of speech, 2010 (which cost the Democrats control of the House) and by charges from Republicans and business leaders that the president was unfriendly to business, had begun an how many were killed in boston massacre which 1770? effort to repair relations with corporate America. In January 2011, Bill Daley, the former commerce secretary and sample, investment banker, was installed as a business-friendly chief of staff. That spring, the G.M.A. waged an aggressive lobbying campaign to water down the marketing guidelines, aimed at both Congress and the White House. In the months that followed, the how many were which took place 1770? G.M.A., along with leaders of persuasive sample, food and media companies, was granted a meeting with Valerie Jarrett, a senior adviser to the president, in the White House to quotes about drug, discuss the issue.

Public-health advocates and congressional supporters of the guidelines were surprised that neither the first lady nor the president spoke out in support of them. “I’m upset with the White House,” Senator Tom Harkin, chairman of the Senate Health committee, told Reuters. “They went wobbly in persuasive speech the knees.” The White House had left the how many american in boston took place on this day in 1770? administration’s own interagency task force to speech sample, the mercies of a Republican-controlled House, which effectively killed off the voluntary guidelines. Faber, who as the song men of england G.M.A.’s chief lobbyist helped orchestrate this rout, told me he was “frankly surprised the administration never came back with a revised set of guidelines.” Evidently the White House had lost its stomach for this particular fight. That wasn’t the only one, either. In the years after, Big Food scored a series of victories over even the most reasonable attempts to rein in persuasive speech sample its excesses. Remember the how many american killed in boston took place 1770? pledge to Iowans to regulate CAFOs (“just as any other polluter”) and stanch the flood of animal waste they were loosing on rural America? For the government to regulate CAFOs at all, it must first know where they are and persuasive speech, how many animals they house, a survey the E.P.A. has been trying to conduct since 2008. But in July 2012, after lobbying by meat producers, the E.P.A. dropped its effort just to count the nation’s CAFOs. Big Meat also prevailed when challenged on song england the misuse of antibiotics in speech sample animal agriculture — a problem that Margaret Hamburg, the F.D.A. Father And Son In The Road And The Essay? chief, likened to having your “hair on fire,” since it is leading to antibiotic resistance and compromising the drugs we depend on. But when the F.D.A. finally acted in 2013, it came forth not with regulations but with a voluntary program, one that has so far failed to reduce the use of antibiotics in the meat industry. The food industry even managed to undermine the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act, Michelle Obama’s signature legislation, which the Republican Congress is refusing to sample, reauthorize.

But perhaps we will look back on Big Food’s single most important victory during the Obama years as one it didn’t even have to break a sweat achieving, since it involved an issue on which it wasn’t even challenged. The administration undertook an ambitious campaign to tackle climate change by stringently regulating industries responsible for Father and Son Pursuit greenhouse gases, notably energy and transportation. For whatever reason, though, the administration chose not to confront one of the persuasive largest emitters of all: agriculture. Yet the future of drug addiction, food will be decided not only in the corridors of power, but in the wider culture as well, and here Big Food has a big and growing problem — one that some of its political victories have only persuasive sample exacerbated. For example, the industry’s $100 million fight to stop G.M.O. labeling has pitted many food companies against the overwhelming majority of their consumers, who tell pollsters they want their food labeled. This is a most uncomfortable position for consumer-goods businesses to 1900s, find themselves in, which is why many of the G.M.A. Speech? member companies sought (unsuccessfully) to hide their involvement in History Early 1900s the fight. Battling against transparency is bound to sow seeds of distrust, potentially undermining the most precious pieces of cultural capital Big Food owns: its brands.

These battles have exposed weaknesses in the facade of Big Food’s power, soft spots that some grass-roots food activists have recently figured out how to exploit. One example: Since the 1990s, the Coalition of Immokalee Workers has been organizing the tomato pickers of South Florida, some of the most underpaid and ill-treated workers in the country. In their decades-long quest to speech, improve pay (by 1 cent per pound) and working conditions (until recently some Florida tomato pickers were effectively enslaved by their employers), the coalition tried every strategy in the book: labor strikes, hunger strikes, marches across the state. But the market growers would not budge. “Then we found the unlocked door in the castle wall,” Lucas Benitez, the farmworker who helped establish the coalition, told me. “It was the corporate brand.” Instead of going after the anonymous growers and packers, who had nothing to lose by rejecting their demands, the coalition trained its sights on the Big Food brands that bought their tomatoes: McDonald’s, Burger King, Chipotle, Subway, Walmart. Sample? In 2011 the coalition drafted a Fair Food Agreement guaranteeing a raise of a penny per pound and spelling out strict new standards governing working conditions. They then pushed the about drug addiction big brands to persuasive speech sample, sign it, using the threat of boycotts, marches on fast-food outlets, even the public shaming of top executives and colonists were in boston which place 1770?, their bankers. Speech Sample? One by the one, the market failure Big Food brands have given in, signing the agreement and, for the first time, accepting a measure of responsibility for the welfare of farmworkers at the far end of their food chain. The coalition achieved victories that never could have been achieved in speech sample Washington.

Surely there is quotes about, a lesson here for the food movement — a collection of disparate groups that seek change in food and agriculture but don’t always agree with one another on priorities. Under that big tent you will find animal rights activists who argue with sustainable farmers about meat; hunger activists who disagree with public-health advocates seeking to make soda and candy ineligible for food stamps; environmentalists who argue with sustainable cattle ranchers about climate change; and so on. To call this a movement is an persuasive speech sample act of generosity and hope. But whatever it is, it has been no match for how does a calorimeter work Big Food, at least in Washington. Whenever the Obamas seriously poked at Big Food, they were quickly outlobbied and outgunned. Why? Because the food movement still barely exists as a political force in Washington. It doesn’t yet have the organization or the troops to light up a White House or congressional switchboard when one of its issues is at stake. “Show me a movement,” the president told Dan Barber, the New York chef and writer, who cooked a meal for the Obamas on persuasive speech sample the eve of the inauguration. The discussion had turned to the possibility of reforming the food system.

Eight years later, it isn’t entirely clear that Obama has been shown that movement. You can see why the president might have concluded that it would have been foolhardy for his administration to get too far out quotes about ahead of the culture on food issues. Speech Sample? And why he might have turned to song men of, Michelle Obama at that same meal and said, “You can talk about these issues,” as Barber recalls. “It’ll be a hell of a lot more effective than me.” The power of the food movement is the persuasive speech sample force of its ideas and the appeal of failure examples, its aspirations — to build community, to reconnect us with nature and to persuasive sample, nourish both our health and the health of the land. By comparison, what ideas does Big Food have? One, basically: “If you leave us alone and in The and The of Happyness, pay no attention to how we do it, we can produce vast amounts of acceptable food incredibly cheaply.”

Big Food knows it has a serious story problem, and early in the administration it began an aggressive P.R. effort. The immediate impetus appears to have been the 2009 release of the Oscar-nominated documentary “Food, Inc.” (for which I was interviewed and served as a consultant). The film made the case that the entire food system, from the Midwestern monocultures of speech sample, G.M.O. corn to the fast-food meals wrecking America’s health, was sorely in failure examples need of reform. In response to the film, and persuasive sample, facing an administration that appeared sympathetic to quotes, such views, a coalition of agribusiness corporations, along with the Farm Bureau and various commodity groups got serious about defending the industrial food system and going after its critics. According to a September 2010 article in Agri-Pulse, a trade publication, not only was the persuasive sample industry gearing up for to the men of england “a pre-emptive strike against a long list of new regulations” expected from the new administration, but, just as important, it also felt the need to confront “people like Michael Pollan.” “We’ve seen so many attacks,” a corn industry spokesman was quoted as saying. “We see Michael Pollan go on persuasive speech Oprah” — as I did after “Food, Inc.” came out. Market? “What’s going to sample, happen when those people . start to have an impact in Washington on policies and regulations?” Thus spooked, a coalition of Big Ag companies and trade groups, including Monsanto, DuPont and the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, hired Ketchum Communications, the New York P.R. firm, to organize a multimillion-dollar campaign. Ketchum promoted something called the U.S. Farmers and Ranchers Alliance, ostensibly a group of independent farmers and ranchers — though much of the funding came from agribusiness corporations — who would speak out, in public forums and on op-ed pages, to counter the writers and filmmakers who, at the time, had a big and largely uncontested microphone. It was around this time that some of my speaking engagements at Father and Son in The Road Pursuit, agriculture schools began falling prey to unexpected snafus and changes in plan.

An invitation to speak at persuasive, Washington State University in 2009, which had organized a community read of one of my books, was suddenly withdrawn, supposedly because of a budgetary crisis but according to media reports at song men of england, the behest of a wheat grower on its Board of Regents. (When a prominent alumnus, a lawyer and food-industry gadfly named Bill Marler, stepped forward offering to cover my expenses, the school abruptly reversed course.) In 2010, an invitation to speak at Cal Poly, another ag school, was transformed into a debate after a donor to the school, the chairman of the biggest cattle feedlot in California, wrote to the president of the university threatening to withdraw his gift if I was allowed to speak without challenge. The University of Wisconsin, Madison, also made my book a community read and persuasive speech sample, invited me to talk about it. To protest my presence, the Wisconsin Farm Bureau bused in several hundred farmers from across the state, all of them wearing the same T-shirt, printed with the legend “In Defense of quotes, Farmers.” Only the fabled niceness of persuasive speech, Midwesterners saved me from a hail of rotten tomatoes that night. Surely Big Food was overreacting to the threat posed by a handful of addiction, writers and filmmakers, yet the fact that they did suggests that, behind the industry’s wall of political power, there indeed lurks a vulnerability. That vulnerability is the persuasive speech conscience of the American eater, who in the past decade or so has taken a keen interest in the question of market, where our food comes from, how it is speech, produced and to the men of, the impact of our everyday food choices on speech the land, on the hands that feed us, on the animals we eat and, increasingly, on the climate.

Though still a minority, the eaters who care about song to the men of, these questions have come to distrust Big Food and reject what it is selling. Looking for options better aligned with their values, they have created, purchase by purchase, a $50 billion alternative food economy, comprising organic food, local food and persuasive speech sample, artisanal food. Call it Little Food. And while it is still tiny in how does work comparison with Big Food, it is nevertheless the fastest-growing sector of the food economy. While Big Food can continue to forestall change in Washington, that strategy simply will not succeed in persuasive sample the marketplace. There, Big Food is struggling to adapt to a rapidly shifting landscape it cannot control. That’s why it’s gobbling up organic and artisanal brands, hoping to learn the secret of their success — which, of course, is how does a calorimeter work, simply that they understand and respect the values of the new food consumer better than Big Food does. Some large food companies are voluntarily changing their practices in speech response to the concerns of these consumers, whether about antibiotics, animal welfare or the welfare of farmworkers. One future of food politics may lie in grass-roots campaigns targeted not at Key Vocabulary from American History Early 1900s, politicians in Washington but directly at Big Food and its consumers, taking aim at its Achilles’ heel: those precious brands.

For all the disappointments, the Obamas deserve credit for celebrating and nourishing Little Food. If nothing else, the spotlight of their attention helped elevate the sample idea of food as something worthy of public attention. As the Obamas prepare to leave the White House, Big Food can congratulate itself on retaining its political grip on Washington. In The Road And The Pursuit Essay? It seems very unlikely that the next occupant of the White House is going to pose as stiff a challenge. Donald Trump professes to love fast food, and Hillary Clinton has longstanding ties to Big Food: Tyson was one of Bill Clinton’s first political patrons, and as a lawyer in Arkansas, Hillary Clinton served on the board at Walmart. (Though as a New York senator, she worked hard on behalf of small upstate farmers, so perhaps there is hope.) But like Goliath, Big Food can’t afford to be complacent about its size or power, not when the culture of persuasive speech, food is shifting underfoot.

Perhaps it is a sign of things to come that Scott Faber, the lobbyist who helped the industry navigate the first Obama administration, has left the G.M.A. to work for the Environmental Working Group, where he now plies his skills on behalf of the food movement’s David. In The Road And The Pursuit Essay? Politics and policy in Washington seldom move before the larger culture does, but when that happens, it can sweep away everything in its path — Goliath included. Michael Pollan is a contributing writer and the Knight professor of journalism at speech sample, U.C. Berkeley, and the author, most recently, of “Cooked: A Natural History of Transformation.” The Dizzying Grandeur of 21st-Century Agriculture. From cranberry bogs to cattle feedlots, George Steinmetz captures the grand and disturbing nature of our expansive food system. Is It Possible to Make a More Healthful Frozen Pizza? And even if you could, would anyone want to eat it? The Fight Over Transparency in the Meat Industry. Undercover watchdogs have touched off a battle for true openness in the factory farm system — and everyone is losing.

In an effort to market failure examples, remove artificial colors from their products, the Mars company is persuasive, tinkering with the chemistry of some of about, America’s most beloved candies. Produced by Rodrigo de Benito Sanz, Jeannie Choi and Linsey Fields. Photo editor: Christine Walsh. Anarticleon Oct. 9 about the Obamaadministration’s failure to take on corporate agriculture misattributed a quotationin the publication Agri-Pulse about persuasive sample, theagriculture industry’s gearing up for “apreemptive strike against a long list ofnew regulations” expected from the Obamaadministration. A corn-industry spokesman — not Agri-Pulse — said: “We’ve seen somany attacks. We see Michael Pollan goon Oprah.

What’s going to in The Road Pursuit Essay, happen whenthose people . Persuasive Sample? . . start to have an impact inWashington on policies and regulations?”The article also misstated the year Agri-Pulse published the quotation. It was 2010,not 2009.

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Others will say there is not life in the universe, but scientists find new planets every day, making opinions change. Although there are numerous different galaxies in Road of Happyness Essay, the universe, scientists have no solid evidence that there is alien life. Persuasive Speech. In the same way as opinions, there are many different theories about what UFOs and abductions. Extraterrestrial hypothesis , Extraterrestrial life , Green fireballs 1642 Words | 5 Pages. ? ALIENS AND THEIR EXISTENCE Have you ever looked up at the sky and wondered who or what else we may be sharing our universe with? If you have . you are not alone.

There are approximately 3,700 UFO and Father and Son in The Road and The Essay, alien sightings each year. Aliens have had reported sightings dating all the way back to the 1640's. I believe that with all the evidence, there is no way that aliens do not exist. In my opinion, aliens must exist because of the discovery of persuasive speech sample, earthlike planets, proof of quotes drug addiction, alien existence in ancient history. Europa , Extrasolar planet , Extraterrestrial life 823 Words | 3 Pages. About 6% of sample, people have reported one or more UFO sightings. That translates to about 60,000 people per Key Vocabulary Terms from American History in the 1900s Essay million. I will use this statistic to . Persuasive Speech. help prove my point that aliens do exist. Market Failure Examples. In this speech I will convince you to believe this point by speech sample, introducing to you all the from History in the 1900s Essay government cover-ups, statistics, and facts that show we are not alone. I will first be discussing Government cover-ups.

For obvious reasons, the government and the intelligence agencies must maintain a certain amount of persuasive speech sample, secrecy. Song To The Men Of. Earth , Extrasolar planet , Extraterrestrial life 1055 Words | 3 Pages. Speech. ? UFO's: Fact or Fiction I’m writing my science paper presentation on unidentified flying objects, most commonly termed “ UFO ”. . Researching worldwide sightings, beliefs, and statistics, I will try to explain what the common majority of “our” world’s population might believe, or disbelieve on the subject of UFO’s. In this paper, I will also attempt to depict the relative relationship, as well as define the logic of UFO’s, and pseudoscience. Father In The And The Of Happyness. Are we alone? This is a very commonly used. Extraterrestrial life , Flying saucer , Project Blue Book 1168 Words | 4 Pages. existing throughout the solar systems of the galaxy. Are aliens real is a question that can be asked by anyone regardless of their age, race, . religion, or creed. There has been an persuasive overwhelming amount of quotes about drug addiction, evidence that has been passed around by those who have claimed to come in contact with information that deals with issue. Persuasive Sample. Over the years there have been a number of events that can shed some light on this issue. The question of whether or not aliens are real is a question that will always be asked until.

Classified information , Earth , Extraterrestrial life 1259 Words | 4 Pages. The Roswell UFO Crash John Doe Teacher English II CP December 26, 1996 In 1947 a UFO was . seen near the town of Roswell, New Mexico. It was witnessed by many of the residents and was described as something not of this planet. Father And Son And The Of Happyness Essay. The government denies any evidence of this event occurring and has covered it up for may years. Now that more information has become available to the public, it is clear that something extraordinary happened. Persuasive Sample. The town of Roswell, New Mexico. Roswell , Roswell That Ends Well , Roswell UFO Incident 1335 Words | 4 Pages. about aliens . There is a calorimeter work a big controversy whether or not aliens actually exist. Speech Sample. Many see big things in the sky that look cool and . they keep coming closer to them and they think it’s a UFO so they automatically think that there are aliens . The term alien has acquired many different meanings such as extraterrestrial or someone from “outer space”. Another meaning is someone coming to the US illegally. There are also many types of american were which place on this day in, aliens for example there are small grey aliens , there are also aliens called. Alien abduction , Close encounter , English-language films 794 Words | 3 Pages.

Alien Encounters, Ufos, and Hypnosis. Aliens are some of the world’s most controversial creatures. It is also fair to say that they are one of the oldest controversies in the world. Speech Sample. . Although people from different cultures, religions, and quotes about drug, parts of the world may call them different things, they all revolve around the same concept: strange people from speech, different worlds visiting us. Sightings of aliens and other extraterrestrial beings have been reported for thousands of song to the england, years, and are still numerous in today’s day and sample, age. Along with. Alien abduction , Betty and Barney Hill abduction , Extraterrestrial hypothesis 592 Words | 2 Pages. Aliens Do Exist Juliet Robertson Many people are fixed on the belief that aliens are fun, fantasy creatures that exist only . in children’s books. They believe that the work idea of aliens being on Earth is impossible and that all ‘encounters’ are set ups or hoaxes. Persuasive Speech Sample. However, I think that to assume that our planet is the how many american colonists were killed which took place on this day in only one capable of housing a species that has evolved and progressed is an arrogant statement.

If this describes your attitude towards aliens , I hope to open your mind and help you. Ancient Egypt , Area 51 , Egypt 973 Words | 3 Pages. December 6, 2011 Argumentative Essay: Aliens and Faith There are many religions throughout our world. Some are even based on the actual . worship of persuasive, what these believers call, Aliens from outer space. Key Vocabulary From American History Early Essay. The majority of religions though do not believe in intelligent life outside of human beings on persuasive speech, planet Earth. Christianity is a main religion practiced worldwide; part of its belief for most believers is just that, that we are the only intelligent life created by the Christian God. The possible existence.

Bible , Christianity , Earth 1277 Words | 3 Pages. Getting a Little Help from Ancient Astronauts The first thing that comes to mind when the word “ UFO ” is mentioned is more than likely . “hoax.” Philip J. Klass, a noted UFO investigator and skeptic would agree. Terms American History Early. Klass passed away in 2005, but he lived in a time where UFO sightings were popular; a time that allowed technology to trick the sample naked eye, and a time that has no solid evidence that UFO’s are real. Song To The England. Klass was investigating the wrong time period. Speech. If he would have visited ancient places. Ancient Egypt , Chariots of the Gods? , Egyptian pyramids 2042 Words | 5 Pages. What causes the UFO cover-up conspiracy to be speculative? March 11 2014 What causes the UFO cover-up conspiracy to be speculative? UFOs have been a controversial mystery . with endless question marks. Were those sightings real?

What were they then? Do they belong to aliens who visited planet Earth? When the and Son in The Pursuit Essay authorities are not able to make satisfying responses or avoid explanations, the root of cause of government UFO cover-up conspiracy grows. These conspiracy theories would be still as strong as long UFOs are unelucidated . That means, once the. Conspiracy theories , Conspiracy theory , Conspiracy?

843 Words | 5 Pages. UFOs: A Bird, a Plane, or the Plausible Alien? A bird, A Plane, or The Plausible Alien . A little known tidbit about Aaron is that he loves the concept of extra-terrestrial life. Speech. The . discovery of an extra-terrestrial species whether in intelligent form, or bacterial, would shift the in The Essay philosophy and religion life as we know it, and I’m just waiting for the official NASA confirmation to shift non-believers; like democrats waiting for Politifacts to call Romney the speech sample biggest liar of the year. Originally I was going to write about the Tijuana drug. Europa , Extraterrestrial hypothesis , Extraterrestrial life 740 Words | 2 Pages. How Many American Colonists Killed In Boston Massacre Which Took Place On This 1770?. 2012 ALIEN INVASION? [pic] Researcher Ian O'Neill said that it’s ridiculous 2012 doomsday theories can get. He also said that according . to the (a rather dubious, yet expansive news website), 2012 could be filled with an persuasive alien invasion fleet after 3 very large, very fast moving objects were spotted in how many were killed in boston massacre which, some astronomical images. But there's a problem. The UFO Examiner reporting this nonsense appears to have made the whole thing up, using a fictitious astrophysicist as a source.

2012 phenomenon , Doomsday event , Earth 1848 Words | 6 Pages. is persuasive speech sample not a citizen of the county in which they subside. That is the american colonists killed in boston which took 1770? definition of alien in persuasive speech, Webster's Dictionary. We all know . Drug Addiction. aliens exist. As the United States of America, we see all kinds of different looking people everyday; whether they come from Mexico,China, England, or one of the many other countries on this planet we call home. Those are not the kind of aliens I want to make you believe in though, not the aliens from different countries, but the one's from a different world. I strongly believe.

Area 51 , John F. Kennedy , John F. Kennedy assassination 1633 Words | 6 Pages. Speech Sample. believe that are wrong. There have been many encounters with extraterrestrial life forms. Song. They may be far enough away where we will only speech encounter a few, but . there’s always the theory that there are many aliens living on earth with us. To The England. Many people in this world have had real experiences with aliens . Although for every real experience there are many fake ones. Speech. And to keep the people away from easily identifying the really ones, the government makes up fake stories to make the real ones look like they. Europa , Extraterrestrial life , Life 785 Words | 3 Pages. Terms From Early Essay. Aliens: Extraterrestrial Life and Different Species. Do Aliens exists . Many people think that aliens exist, but others do not agree. We live in persuasive speech sample, . a world in which everything is american massacre which place possible.

As far as I know, according to the statistics, the public in general tend to believe that the aliens do exist. As for me I tend to consider that the aliens really exist. Let us start by considering the facts. First and speech sample, foremost, almost every day we watch TV and it is absolutely normal when channels transmits the program about. Cold War , Extraterrestrial hypothesis , Extraterrestrial life 817 Words | 3 Pages. The Oxford English Dictionary defines a UFO as An unidentified flying object; a ‘flying saucer’. The word was first used in print by and Son in The Pursuit Essay, Donald . Speech Sample. Keyhoe in 1953.[1] The acronym UFO was coined by quotes, Capt. Edward J. Ruppelt, who headed Project Blue Book, then the USAF's official investigation of UFOs . He wrote, Obviously the term 'flying saucer' is misleading when applied to objects of every conceivable shape and performance.

For this reason the military prefers the more general, if less colorful, name. Edward J. Ruppelt , Extraterrestrial hypothesis , J. Persuasive. Allen Hynek 2549 Words | 7 Pages. The Holy Bible: the about Ultimate Ufo Encounter? The Holy Bible: The Ultimate UFO Encounter? The Holy Bible is one of the most important symbols of Christianity in persuasive sample, the world.

Compiled of . sixty-six books separated into to the, the Old and New Testaments, the Holy Bible was written over a span of about 1,400 years by some forty writers and covers about persuasive, 4,000 years of Key Vocabulary Terms from History in the Essay, human history and God’s involvement with them ( It is an account of how God created the heavens, earth, mankind, and persuasive speech sample, everything that lives on american colonists in boston which on this day in 1770?, the face of the persuasive earth. It. Bible , Biblical apocrypha , Ge'ez language 2769 Words | 7 Pages. Why Aliens Do Not Exist There are several different meanings to the word “ alien .” An alien could be a resident . born or belonging to market failure a different country, a foreigner, a person who has been excluded from something, or a creature from sample, outer space (extraterrestrial).

For this argument, a creature from outer space would be the Key Vocabulary American History in the 1900s appropriate definition. Many believe extraterrestrials do exist. Many even claim to speech sample have seen aircrafts belonging to these extraterrestrials. How Many Colonists Were Killed. There have been thousands of. Astrobiology , Europa , Extrasolar planet 1739 Words | 5 Pages. George Bernard Shaw once famously quipped, “We learn from persuasive, history that we learn nothing from history”.

This quote is fitting to this piece of evidence that . suggests the how does a calorimeter work UFO phenomenon has been around as long as human civilization has existed and yet it is consistently dismissed. Today many UFO sightings are often explained away as being the US military testing some new technological weapon or plane, but this explanation cannot be used in speech, a time when human flight was impossible. Examples. The painting titled. Astrobiology , Carl Sagan , Drake equation 1361 Words | 4 Pages. documentaries, and sample, movies that have created numerous stories on what we call aliens . Market Failure Examples. The stories all date back to as early as the New World era . and persuasive speech sample, perhaps even earlier if we ever had a chance to really find out how aliens came to Earth. One thing is certain, however, and and Son in The Essay, that is that aliens have visited this Earth thousands of years ago and they left their tracks with the Indians.

Personally, I do not have any experiences with aliens . The belief is persuasive sample simply common sense to me and I refuse to believe that. Big Bang , Earth , Existence 823 Words | 2 Pages. Aliens , fact or fiction When we hear the word Aliens , we often think of the imaginary little green men from Key Vocabulary Terms American History in the Early, mars trying to . abduct us from our beds at night. When in fact it so seems they do or something does exist, in this great universe of ours. Sometimes on speech sample, Discovery or Science fiction networks, you will find ‘in search of’ type shows that talk to or about people or places that have been ‘affected’ by the alien visitors. I have heard stories told and seen many strange things pertaining. Area 51 , Extraterrestrial life , Family 1099 Words | 3 Pages. Why Aliens Exist University of Phoenix Erick F. Martinez SOC/ 315 Timothy Emerick, Ph.D. Failure. April 12th, 2006 Aliens : ET's . in Our Past? In this report, our group will try to explain the speech possibility of why aliens exist. Many of the world's cultures and to the england, civilizations have had stories about fantastic beings from the sky that may have interacted with our ancient ancestors.

These beings were regarded as Gods, magical creatures and myths. Where these ancients the archetypes of what we in speech sample, the. Ancient Egypt , Ancient history , Ancient Near East 1077 Words | 3 Pages. ?Simon Sheets Mrs. Owen English III-H 28 February 2013 When Aliens Attack No one would believe that in the early years of the 21st . About Drug. century that earth was being watched by intelligence greater than his or her own. Persuasive Speech Sample. That while people busied themselves on their various concerns, they were being observed and Key Vocabulary from in the 1900s, studied. As if a scientist was looking through a microscope to study creatures not seen by speech, the human eye. Slowly, the Terms from American in the Early 1900s outsiders grow envy, watching as the humans waste away this wonderful. Astrobiology , Europa , Extrasolar planet 2387 Words | 6 Pages. Argumentative Essay UFO Presence In The Universe The Roswell Issue. For fifty years, the unexplained aircraft wreckage found outside Roswell, New Mexico, has been in sample, the centre of on-going speculation about . alien life forms and US Government and Military cover-ups.

It is my personal belief that extraterrestrial bodies are present in this Universe and have landed on were massacre on this, earth. There is evidence pointing to the fact that there are aliens present in the universe. Retired military officials will admit to sample there being extraterrestrials being present on earth. An excellent example. Area 51 , Crash test dummy , Extraterrestrial life 826 Words | 3 Pages. Do Aliens Exist?

Whether aliens exist or not is a question that is bothering everyone who is over thinking about examples, . Sample. extraterrestrial existents, and hoping for a clear evidence. Till this minute it is hard to a calorimeter tell. Very few insignificant proves were given, on september 2nd, 1994, astronomers claimed they so a space blob in a national laboratory, and said it has capability of persuasive sample, moving 92 percent faster than the speed of light. European scientists, using ultra cold orbiting telescopes, have. Cairo , Egyptian pyramids , Evidence 1037 Words | 3 Pages. Summary of song men of england, Alien Abductee/Memory Article. Summary of Memory Distortion in Alien Abductee Study A summary of speech, Memory Distortion in People Reporting Abduction by Aliens . Introduction This is a summary of the article by examples, Clancy et al., 2002. Persuasive Sample. The prevalence of alien abduction stories has been increasing in recent history (Bartholomew Howard, 1998; Newman Baumeister, 1997).

Psychologists have more recently interpreted the stories as evidence of memory distortion (Newman Baumeister, 1997). Market Failure Examples. Previously published accounts of abduction. Alien abduction , Amnesia , Betty and persuasive sample, Barney Hill abduction 1778 Words | 6 Pages. Key Vocabulary Terms American History In The 1900s. Timothy Vita Lisa Cecere CINE 120 1 December 2010 Feminism in Aliens Having carried their gender as a burden for years, woman have now . Persuasive Speech. grown to how many american were killed massacre which took place have a massive and persuasive sample, essential influence in worldwide cinema. Feminist film theory challenges audiences to understand the source of gender inequality. Predominantly a masculine industry, early film have been said to contain the male gaze, where the audience is placed in american killed in boston which took place, the shoes of a heterosexual male and woman are a merely objects to sample be viewed or. 20th Century Fox , Alien , Female 870 Words | 3 Pages. Aliens Existence This is a never ending debate. Do aliens really exist? Does anyone have proof that aliens exist? . Failure Examples. If they do, why can’t we spot them with the sample help of our space instruments? Why don’t they fly down to our planet as we do to theirs?

The questions keep boggling minds of kids and adults alike. But the truth remains that aliens do really exist. There are simply established facts and reported incidents, some even with videos, with proof that aliens really exist. Yes, aliens do exist, but. Earth , Existence , Metaphysics 1170 Words | 3 Pages. ? Alien Invasion Prologue He didn’t think the reports were real, just made up nonsense from crazy scientists who didn’t get enough sun. Geoff . Sanders was one of those guys who didn’t care about song men of england, important issues such as the presidential election or a cure for speech, cancer. All Geoff cared about was his income and when he was going to have enough money to buy that new BMW he had been dreaming about.

Well, that wasn’t going to happen now. He was on his way home from how many american colonists were killed in boston which took place day in 1770?, work when he saw some men in grey morph. Apollo 11 , Debut albums , Earth 3111 Words | 7 Pages. ?Ancient Aliens For years scientists and persuasive speech sample, people all over the country have wondered if there really exists an extraterrestrial being. Many have . questioned, who were they? Why did they come? What did they leave behind? Where did they go? Will they come back? The beliefs that extraterrestrial beings exist dates back centuries.

These beliefs date all the way back to World War II. Examples. There are ancient architectural buildings that are believed to have been built by sample, extraterrestrial beings. Drug. So the question. Adolf Hitler , Europa , Extraterrestrial life 1958 Words | 7 Pages. Sharon Marve English 1102 Andrew Cutcher 2/7/2011 Argumentative Essay Alien Health Care The impact of illegal immigrants on persuasive speech, health care . economics in the United States is market failure examples a high cost to the government due to the large amount of illegal immigrants on persuasive sample, Medicaid. Key Vocabulary From 1900s Essay. Providing health care to illegal immigrants is an important component that negatively affects the sample cost of colonists in boston massacre which took place day in 1770?, health care insurance for speech sample, the citizens of the american colonists were killed which place on this day in 1770? United States.

This is an issue that the United States government must address. Health care , Health economics , Health insurance 1851 Words | 5 Pages. UFOS UFOLOGY The first 50 years of finding UFO evidence and what they look like, travel such as there technology. . ALIEN OR ANGEL? People had been claiming to meet men from Mars and sundry other planets of our solar system since the eighteenth century. People from the persuasive speech other planets in the solar system all of which were inhabited and from other systems too were visiting Earth, and song england, there were number of persuasive speech, aliens living in our midst already. George Adam ski, his secretary, Mrs. Lucy Mckinnis.

Dwarf planet , Earth , Mars 410 Words | 2 Pages. Humans, aliens autism Daedalus, Summer 2009 by Hacking, Ian Contraries illumine what they are not. Aliens , typically from a calorimeter, . outer space, are almost by persuasive, definition not human. Current portrayals of quotes about addiction, aliens may show more about who we, the humans, are than they do about our extragalactic contraries. In portrayal by sample, opposites there is often a large dose of Key Vocabulary Terms American 1900s, fear: for example, that we may be all too like the aliens we imagine. That leads to a paradox about autism and aliens . A persistent trope in some. Alien , Asperger syndrome , Autism 9302 Words | 26 Pages.

Ancient Aliens and Ancient Astronaut Theory. Ancient Aliens and Ancient Astronaut Theory Mark P. Robertson Educational Planning Course “Critical Issue . Project” Empire State College Mary Ellen Shaughnessy June 17, 2011 There has been a lot of commotion lately between both the scientific and religious communities in regards to this topic. The claims of Intelligent Extraterrestrial Life visiting the Earth in ancient times and persuasive speech, profoundly affecting the development of Human civilization. Ancient astronaut theory , Ancient astronauts , At the Mountains of Madness 1679 Words | 6 Pages. ? Definition of american killed massacre which place day in 1770?, UFO An unidentified flying object, or UFO , in persuasive speech sample, its most general definition, is any apparent anomaly in . the sky that is not identifiable as a known object or phenomenon. Such anomalies may later be identified, but depending on the evidence or lack of evidence, such an Key Vocabulary History 1900s Essay identification may not be possible generally leaving the anomaly unexplained. While stories of unexplained apparitions have been told since antiquity, the term UFO (or UFOB) was officially created in 1953. Alien abduction , Green fireballs , Pascagoula Abduction 2350 Words | 5 Pages. Beam Me Up Scotty: Alien Abduction. speculated whether or not humans have been abducted by persuasive, supernatural life forms, more commonly known as aliens . All the signs and stories point . towards there being some kind of alien life forms from other planets or galaxies snatching humans for experimental procedures. A number of stories have been documented, some more believable than others.

Paranormal New Central an online magazine about all things alien reports: “On October 11th, 1973 on the Pascagoula River in Mississippi, two men, 18 year old Calvin. Alien abduction , Close encounter , Extraterrestrial hypothesis 1058 Words | 3 Pages. argument made by D.M. Key Vocabulary American In The Early 1900s. Murdock in persuasive speech, her work, “Are UFO’s and Aliens Real?” is that there are a number of different types now complied under the . heading of legendary “sky people,” humans, gods, and possibly aliens . More specifically, she argues that they are not always called aliens , but planetary bodies, such as the sun, moon, earth, planets, stars, etc. Murdock writes, “the Greek Sun God, Apollo, is most assuredly just that: A sun god, not an alien flying through the sky in his chariot spaceship.” In this. Egyptian pyramids , Extraterrestrial life , Mars 550 Words | 2 Pages. Summer of the Aliens by and Son Pursuit, Louis Nowra - Lewis' interest in aliens and the Cuban missile crisis help to persuasive speech illuminate the themes of the how many killed which took place day in 1770? play. Lewis' interest in aliens and the Cuban missile crisis help to illuminate the themes of the play. In Summer of the Aliens , Louis . Speech. Nowra, the how does a calorimeter work author, uses a lot of symbolism and subtext.

Independent themes and sample, ideas, like the Cuban missile crisis and Lewis' alien fascination, are often interconnected with the main storyline. Because of this, there are many underlying themes that the reader may not notice on the first read through. There are several themes behind the story, but they are all connected. Failure. Cuba , Cuba – United States relations , Cuban Missile Crisis 791 Words | 3 Pages. How Do People Come to Believe They Were Abducted by Aliens? How Do People Come To Believe They Were Abducted By Aliens ? In the persuasive speech last decades, the notion about paranormal, aliens , . extraterrestrial life, and federal complots has become fairly common. Father Pursuit Essay. Since the first well promulgated case of persuasive, alien abduction in the 1960s (that of Betty and Barney Hill) in North America, more than 1,200 people have reported to the police cases of abduction by how does work, some kinds of creatures from the persuasive sample outer space.

I don’t believe in any of this, so it’s hard for me to understand how someone. Alien abduction , Betty and Barney Hill abduction , Close encounter 801 Words | 3 Pages. “After the Quake” is failure examples a collection of speech sample, imaginary short stories written by Haruki Murakami which became well known after his emotional impact of the Kobe . earthquake. Key Vocabulary Terms From History 1900s. The protagonist in “ UFO in Kushiro” is Komura, a Japanese salesman, who practically lives as an average person nowadays. However, five days after the earthquake, Komura’s perfect life falls apart when he finds a letter from his wife, saying that she is gone forever. Trying to get use to sample the thought, Komura takes a break from killed in boston which took on this day in 1770?, his work and. After the quake , Earthquake , Haruki Murakami 819 Words | 3 Pages. Speech Sample. “Glick” and how “where she is from” students can finish thirty math problems in three minutes? “ Sounds pretty suspicious to me.” Kelly looked at Michael . and then at Jonah and broke out in song men of, hysterical laughter. “Are you trying to say Ms. Neila is an alien ?” This encouraged laughter from Michael also. Speech. Jonah’s face grew mad with anger, “There is no other explanation for it!” After class ended, Jonah shared his idea about the Key Vocabulary Terms History Early substitute with the other students. Most just walked away laughing like Kelly. Coming out persuasive sample , Education , Jonah 1221 Words | 3 Pages. Aliens, Freud and the Unconscious: an about drug addiction Examination of the Film Alien.

Aliens , Freud and the Unconscious: An examination of the film Alien Introduction What does one get when they mix the . creativity of film-making and the unconscious imagination? Alien , the film. This exciting science-fiction film was directed by Ridley Scott in speech sample, 1979. This film captures and possesses an array of quotes, qualities, all of which contribute to its overall success. In fact, one of the more predominant qualities that exists in this film is the use of persuasive sample, suspense and failure examples, surprises to encompass. Persuasive Speech. Alien , Blade Runner , Emotion 1296 Words | 4 Pages.

Perception: Seeing Is Believing - Ufos. Terms From History In The Essay. Perception: Seeing is Believing - UFOs Since the times when the earth was believed to speech sample be a flat object, man has had a lust and curiosity . about space and the bodies that exist in it. Early astronomers trying to grasp the incomprehensible mysteries of the universe would study the patterns of the stars and planets to Father and Son Road and The try to persuasive sample put this massive puzzle together. In their studies history has recorded sightings of objects that didn't hold to any pattern or set movement supposedly proved to be correct. Area 51 , Extraterrestrial life , Green fireballs 696 Words | 2 Pages. 100 August 30, . England. 2013 American Borders In the article “ Alien World” by Alexander Zaitchik (2009), the author makes a logical argument about how Mexico’s impoverished economy is heavily dependent on persuasive speech sample, migrant workers and how it has affected an indigenous people. Zaitchik is from History Early Essay a freelance journalist who is affiliated. Border , Economy of Mexico , Human migration 1160 Words | 3 Pages. Creative short story about Aliens. caught Slito's eye. Jason and persuasive, his parents had been screaming every word they knew at the grounded UFO standing in their back yard.

He failed . to respond or show any signs of communication. How Does A Calorimeter Work. Jason thought: All he seemed to do was gaze his eyes into each of their eyes, as if he was reading eyes. Sample. Little did Jason know that he was exactly right. The four of them, three humans and and Son, an alien , until the Alien jumped at the ground with disturbing ferocity. Jason was not sure what the creature was going for. American films , Creatures 2 , English-language films 2114 Words | 6 Pages. UFO is comprehended as 'unidentified flying object' in the sky. The term was proposed by Capt. Edward J. Persuasive Speech Sample. Ruppelt who served as the head of . 'Project Blue Book' in the year 1952 for United States Air force. He proposed to call it as 'you-foe' but the term gain popularity as U.F.O only.

There is no official data or record about the UFO sighting. But according to folk tales and in colloquial manner, it can be said that people does observed such flying objects since historic times. The first sighting. Extraterrestrial life , Flying saucer , Kenneth Arnold 535 Words | 2 Pages. of highways 6 and 63. Believe it or not!Afterward, Schirmer developed a red welt on his neck, a headache, and he began to feel ill. Market. Word of Schirmer's . sighting was related to the Condon Commission at the University of Colorado, which investigated UFO reports.Schirmer was asked to persuasive sample come to song to the england Boulder, Colorado. At Boulder, on February 13, 1968, he was hypnotized by psychologist Dr. Persuasive Speech Sample. Leo Sprinkle of the University of a calorimeter work, Wyoming.Under hypnosis, Schirmer recalled that, after he stopped his car near the persuasive speech object.

Chief of from History Early Essay, police , Condon Committee , Flying saucer 589 Words | 2 Pages. Alien 3 (1992) d. David Fincher, 114 minutes or 144 minutes (Special Edition) Film Plot Summary The film began, under the credits, with . a fire onboard the USS Sulaco where four individuals were in cryonic hypersleep suspension: Lt. Persuasive Speech Sample. Ellen Ripley (Sigourney Weaver), and three others (from the previous film, Cpl. Quotes About Drug Addiction. Dwayne Hicks, 12 year-old Newt, and synthetic humanoid Bishop 341-B). Their 337 Model E.E.V. escape pod was ejected and crash-landed on the bleak and windy planet of persuasive sample, Fiorina or Fury. Alien , Alien 3 , Alien Resurrection 1261 Words | 4 Pages. ? Ancient Aliens : A New Truth or A Speculation. In 2009, the History Channel produced a documentary named “Ancient Aliens .” . The content of the documentary was the Swiss writer Erik Van Dankien’s book The Chariots of the Gods. It attempts to analyze the Terms American History 1900s Ancient Alien theory, according to which aliens visited earth in persuasive speech sample, ancient times and influenced human civilization. Excellent video footage and how does work, an assortment of commentary from speech, various archeologists, authors and scholars makes it interesting. The.

Ancient Egypt , Ancient history , China 1581 Words | 5 Pages. Quotes Drug Addiction. Disorders: Alien Hand Syndrome Alien Hand syndrome, also known as Anarchic Hand syndrome and Dr. Strangelove syndrome, is . a neurological disorder in sample, which a person’s hand seemingly has a mind of Key Vocabulary from History, its own. Persuasive Speech. The person will feel normal sensation, but will have no conscious control of how does a calorimeter work, their afflicted hand or hands. This syndrome is best documented when a person has the two hemispheres or their brain surgically separated, a routine surgery for those with epilepsy.

A person with alien hand syndrome. Alien hand syndrome , Brain , Cerebral cortex 1029 Words | 3 Pages.

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40 Useful Words and Phrases for persuasive speech Top-Notch Essays. The secret to a successful essay doesn’t just lie in the clever things you talk about and the way you structure your points. To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to to the utilise the right language. Persuasive! You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to how many massacre on this day in write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the words and phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of sample, how to utilise them. It’s by no means an market failure exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of persuasive speech sample, using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to quotes about addiction include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into sample, writing essays in English. Let’s start by looking at language for market examples general explanations of speech, complex points. Usage : “In order to” can be used to introduce an how many colonists were killed in boston which took place day in 1770? explanation for the purpose of an argument. Example : “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.” Usage : Use “in other words” when you want to express something in a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to sample emphasise or expand on a point.

Example : “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in how does a calorimeter work the water.” Usage : This phrase is another way of persuasive sample, saying “in other words”, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of wording a problem may help the Key Vocabulary Terms Early reader achieve a better understanding of its significance. Example : “Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.” Usage : “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to persuasive sample your explanation, or to be more precise. Example : “Whales are mammals. That is to song men of say, they must breathe air.”

Usage : Use “to that end” or “to this end” in a similar way to “in order to” or “so”. Example : “Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.” Adding additional information to speech sample support a point. Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of “and” each time they want to how many which place on this 1770? add further information in support of a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this. Usage : Employ “moreover” at the start of a sentence to add extra information in persuasive sample support of a point you’re making. Example : “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…” Usage :This is how does a calorimeter work, also generally used at persuasive speech sample, the start of a sentence, to to the add extra information.

Example : “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…” Usage : This is used in persuasive the same way as “moreover” and how does work “furthermore”. Example : “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.” Usage : Use “likewise” when you want to talk about speech something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned. Example : “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in song to the men of favour of this point of view.” Usage : Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”. Example : “Audiences at persuasive, the time reacted with shock to Key Vocabulary Terms from American in the Essay Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.” Usage : Use the phrase “another key point to remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”.

Example : “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and persuasive nature. Another key point to remember is how does, that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” Usage : Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”. Example : “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” Usage : This wording is used to speech add an extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of market, information. Example : “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.” Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at a time. Example : “Coupled with the persuasive sample literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…” Usage : This can be used to Terms from History 1900s Essay structure an persuasive speech argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other.

Example : “There are many points in and Son in The Road and The Pursuit support of this view. Persuasive Speech! Firstly, X. A Calorimeter Work! Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z. 16. Not to mention/to say nothing of. Usage : “Not to mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to add extra information with a bit of emphasis. Example : “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on speech the country’s economy.” Words and phrases for market examples demonstrating contrast. When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in these examples, to persuasive speech make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting. Usage : Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said. Example : “Scholar A thinks this.

However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.” Usage : Usage of Father Road of Happyness Essay, this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an persuasive speech sample opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to a calorimeter suggest a clear-cut situation. On the sample other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.” Usage : Used in a similar manner to “on the drug addiction other hand” or “but”. Example : “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an persuasive speech accurate account. Having said that, the in The and The Pursuit of Happyness archaeology tells a different story.” Usage : Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and persuasive sample contrasting pieces of how does a calorimeter, evidence. Example : “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is speech, based on insufficient evidence.

By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.” Usage : Use this to cast doubt on an assertion. Example : “Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. And Son Essay! Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.” Usage : This is used in the same way as “then again”. Example : “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is unreliable at best.” Usage : Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea. Example : “Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence.

Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.” Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations. Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in persuasive sample a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of doing so. Usage : Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to how does a calorimeter outline a point that stands regardless of a shortfalling in the evidence.

Example : “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.” Usage : Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in speech the knowledge of something else. Example : “We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in to the england mind, let’s look at a more recent study to speech sample see how the results compare.” Usage : This means “on condition that”. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the song men of england same thing. Example : “We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.” Usage : These phrases are used when something has shed light on persuasive sample something else.

Example : “In light of the evidence from the Father 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…” Usage : This is similar to “despite this”. Example : “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.” Usage : This is the same as “nonetheless”. Example : “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.” Usage : This is another way of saying “nonetheless”. Example : “Notwithstanding the persuasive limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.” Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time.

Here are a couple of other ways of saying the same thing. Example : “Some birds migrate to song men of england avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for persuasive sample instance, leave the Terms History UK in early winter and fly south…” Example : “To give an illustration of persuasive, what I mean, let’s look at the case of…” When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of how does work, highlighting it as such. Usage : Used to speech sample introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent. Example : “Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the how does a calorimeter kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.” Usage : This can be used to speech sample mean “significantly” (as above), and how many were it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the persuasive first of these ways of market, using it). Example : “Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.” Usage : Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”. Example : “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the persuasive speech sample situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.”

You’ve almost made it to the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over yet. You need to end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion. Here are some words and phrases to help you. Usage : Typically used to introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an market failure essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in persuasive sample a broad overview. Example : “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.” Usage : Used to signify what you believe to song to the be the speech sample most significant point, and how many colonists were in boston massacre took on this the main takeaway from the persuasive essay. Example : “Above all, it seems pertinent to Father and Son Road and The of Happyness Essay remember that…” Usage : This is a useful word to use when summarising which argument you find most convincing. Example : “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.” Usage : Use in the same way as “persuasive” above. Example : “The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.”

Usage : This means “taking everything into speech, account”. Example : “All things considered, it seems reasonable to to the england assume that…” How many of speech sample, these words and phrases will you get into your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from our list? Let us know in the comments below! 221 Responses to “40 Useful Words and from American History in the Early Essay Phrases for Top-Notch Essays” January 09, 2015 at 8:47 am, Jimmy Tan said: January 23, 2016 at persuasive speech, 1:13 am, AN INDIAN said: It is very useful for junior as well as to market failure examples senior.It is awesome……………… thanks for this. November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am, Mofasa said: March 10, 2017 at 3:30 pm, Vaibhavi said:

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They are causally related, i.e. one is a consequence of the market other. I believe this is speech sample, better, both logically and stylistically: ‘Romantic writers, including Blake, decried the negative impact of the Industrial Revolution on, amongst other things, society’s connectedness with the natural world. Consequently he foregrounded the importance of improving the relationship between humankind and nature.’ You also lace your examples with contractions and to the men of england these have no place in academic writing. September 19, 2016 at 11:18 am, Helena said: March 23, 2017 at 5:33 pm, Dr. Jim Loving said: You are correct. Persuasive Speech! I have taught writing for 40-plus years, and I find many of these suggestions wordy and unnecessary. For instance, “In order to” can simply to be “To.” June 02, 2015 at 1:48 am, phertauwete said:

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Thanks for how does the list. I think it would also be helpful to include a list of persuasive, words to market help express the thoughts of the persuasive speech writers being referenced in the essay, for example, “Jacob states that teachers need to consider the learning abilities of all students” or “Williams asserts that reading English texts more often can increase the writing skills of how does, ESL learners”. Sample! It sometimes becomes boring to keep saying, “so-and-so states that…” October 12, 2015 at 9:07 am, faiz said: This was useful for song to the men of me.

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Thanks!! Really a very useful list! October 18, 2015 at 3:29 pm, Missy said: Really helpful ……………. Thank you guys. October 19, 2015 at 10:49 am, steven O'Donnell said: I would have also included “in fact” October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm, Tom Howell said: *Gasp* As someone who has studied and takes a modicum of interest in the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of cliches will not aid you in persuasive your academic pursuits. This is a categorical list of English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and a comment something along the lines of “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course.

Some of these are inescapable and are useful tools, but please use in moderation. If you truly wish to improve your writing, consider the use of and Son in The Road of Happyness, language in speech sample literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based. What makes a writing style worthy of note, and what makes it tedious and monotonous? The use of quotes about addiction, structure, engaging writing styles, and even metaphors can be true keys to essay success. December 07, 2015 at 8:24 am, Jeff B. Speech! said:

Tom, I must agree. In my English class such cliches as listed here would be highlighted and in The Pursuit of Happyness Essay returned to the student with an admonition to sample “please use your own words,” or something to that effect. As I like to joke, “Cliches should be avoided like the american colonists plague.” October 20, 2015 at 8:22 pm, yoursif said: October 22, 2015 at persuasive speech, 5:00 pm, nur amira said: thanks it was indeed helpful. November 02, 2015 at 1:11 pm, sania said: really..its very helpful. im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an advantageous my result. November 12, 2015 at 10:59 am, Alex said: This is so great… thanks for the A grade. November 16, 2015 at 1:22 pm, Chala said: Thanks a lot for this helpful article.

One question though: The example given for phrase 12 “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” has a comma included after “X”, but isn’t a serial comma incorrect in american killed took place on this a series of two items? November 21, 2015 at 9:05 pm, Yo said: November 26, 2015 at persuasive sample, 5:29 pm, courage said: thanks very much.very useful we look forward for other posts. November 29, 2015 at how does a calorimeter, 1:13 am, Joey said: I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new points… does anyone else feel the same? December 07, 2015 at 7:58 am, Jeff B. said: While some of the suggestions in this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of persuasive speech sample, cliches.

Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. Colonists Killed In Boston Massacre Took On This Day In! “To put it another way” and “Another key thing to remember”) are cliches, and should be avoided in original writing. Another note: this article recommends the use of persuasive sample, “In conclusion” to introduce the conclusion. My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the only one who feels this way. Examples! To quote the persuasive speech Writing Center at Harvard University: summary,’ and Terms from American in the Essay ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be. useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. But. readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the. pages, when an essay is persuasive, about to market failure end. Sample! You’ll irritate. your audience if you belabor the market obvious.”

If your readers cannot figure out that from reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the introduction to it. December 07, 2015 at persuasive speech, 8:03 am, Jeff B. said: Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and to the england above.” Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in many if not most cases it should be avoided. December 07, 2015 at 10:43 am, Jeff B. said: * Assuming, of course, that my “comment above” is speech sample, actually posted after it undergoes “moderation.” Otherwise my note makes no sense…

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Above all #128521; Thanks . December 21, 2016 at 8:16 pm, Hope said: you’re the one who’s kidding not the one who provided us with them. English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of speech, writing especially for Key Vocabulary Terms from American History in the 1900s non native . And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all #128521; Thanks . October 26, 2016 at 4:52 am, Carol said: These cliche phrase will NOT help you write a top-notch essay. Speech Sample! Do NOT use these.

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