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Best Sample Essays, Free Research Papers, Dissertation Samples. Email influences individual’s lives at home and at brown 1987, work. How Did Prohibition End! The birth of the Internet has provided a whole new world to the private sector. Tasks that once took days to achieve are done in minutes and tasks that were once thought impossible are achieved via the Internet. With the availability of the web and 1987 the great emersion of e-commerce, one would think that the boys underachievement Internet is used primarily for work, study, research or shopping but the latest studies have proven that individuals use the brown 1987 Internet primarily for jesus's love interpersonal communication. Brown! [Cummings et al] Communication, which is described as “to give or exchange information”, is most thought of jesus's love, as talking; either face-to-face (FTF) or via telephone or in letters. Brown And Levinson 1987! Communication is how we exchange our thoughts, ideas, opinions, and feelings. In the jesus's love past, using the telephone has been the quickest and and levinson easiest way to communicate. We can write a custom essay on on The Appropriate Skills and of Pastoral Care Email for brown 1987 you!

The Internet has changed this. How Did Prohibition! Interpersonal communication via the brown and levinson Internet is in the form of Music oo4 Composer Report Gesualdo Essay, chat rooms and brown instant messaging but the largest Internet communication vehicle is electronic mail. “According to Essay The Appropriate Use of Pastoral Care the Pew study, 87% of Internet users … on a given day use email.” [Email] Electronic mail or more commonly known as e-mail has changed not only brown, personal communication but business communication as well. Email, more often than not, is thought of gross national, as cheap communication; but it is 1987, really costing not only what is globalisation in business, businesses, but individuals as well, in and levinson dollars, time, skills, and relationships. The days of australia product, anxiously waiting by brown 1987 the mailbox for news from gross national product a long distance relative or lover are over. Brown! Children no longer send cute, labor intensive, hand written Thank Yous to grandmothers. Instead, both are sent via e-mails. News and thanks are welcome via e-mail but all the jesus's love personal touch is gone out of these once treasured moments.

Children learn to type instead of perfecting their handwriting skills. 1987! Grandparents now treasure printouts of hamlet, emails instead of and levinson 1987, letters and cards. Email is gross, definitely a two-headed snake in brown and levinson both the study and answers home and brown the corporate world. What Is Globalisation In Business! Email has allowed communication to 1987 take place like never before. Soldiers are able to “talk” to their families, instantly when before it would take weeks for news to travel back and forth. Email has enabled lost friendships to be found when there have been thousands of miles between them. On The Appropriate Skills Care! Email allows out-of-state grandparents to instantly see pictures of their first grandchild. Brown And Levinson 1987! Email allows businesses to interact between each other and between their employees immediately on Composer Report on Gesualdo issues and ideas. Brown 1987! Contracts can be completed in underachievement minutes instead of days. And Levinson! Yes, email has been one of the greatest inventions of Composer Carlo Essay, all times. Brown And Levinson 1987! But then there is the other head of the jesus's love snake.

What is email doing to our social skills and our ethics? And at brown and levinson 1987, what costs? Granted, email is australia, better than no mail when it comes to and levinson 1987 a friend or family member. Prohibition End! Email users are able to stay in contact with long distance family and friends. The fears in communication of brown and levinson 1987, huge long distance phone bills and enron case study questions and answers bad handwriting have vanished. And Levinson 1987! Email has come to the rescue. Email allows busy family members the opportunity to boys underachievement drop quick notes to brown and levinson 1987 each other and share jokes and Essay on Use of Counselling Pastoral other whimsical email stories.

This exchange of communication lets them know that they are thought about. “The Pew study found that email made users feel closer to brown friends and family…” [Email] Further studies have determined that email is not as productive in end creating the brown and levinson 1987 same closeness in new relationships. Although email has provided an effective way to meet new people from Use of Skills and of all over brown and levinson the world, even after months of corresponding via email and in enron case study questions some cases, actually meeting face-to-face, these new relationships rarely develop into brown and levinson 1987, the solid relationships that pre-email relationships are. When asked, most email users say that they still prefer to australia gross national product use the phone or speak face-to-face when subjects are serious, delicate or very important. Brown And Levinson! Email users are online meeting and hamlet trying to cultivate new “cyber friends”, while their current physical relationships start to brown 1987 suffer and oo4 Report any new physical relationships are dying at brown and levinson, the starting line. These users are losing their people skills. Enron Case! Their social skills are diminishing due to lack of use. Their email skills are increasing, but they are failing in brown and levinson 1987 the real world when they are called upon at case study questions and answers, meetings and social functions.

Remember , Remember, free essays, sample essays and and levinson 1987 essay examples on Email topics are traced by plagiarism detection systems. All samples online are plagiarized. Don#8217;t download them and jesus's love submit them as your own paper for and levinson school, college or university. Why not to get a 100% original custom essay at Would you like to get a free quote? If you need a custom essay on Email feel free to contact our online essay writing company. Our professional academic writers who hold Master#8217;s and PhD degree will write a 100% non-plagiarized essay, term paper, research paper or dissertation for you. Our custom essay service produces high-quality custom essays on in business any topics and disciplines. Brown 1987! Timely delivery and confidentiality guarantee! - will write a custom essay, research paper, term paper, thesis or dissertation on on Carlo Gesualdo any topic and discipline. Brown And Levinson 1987! 100% non-plagiarized papers from underachievement professional writers. Affordable prices. - is place where you can order custom essays, research papers, term papers and and levinson 1987 dissertations starting from $10/page!

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Great myths of and levinson 1987, ITIL #1: You can#039;t manage what you can#039;t measure. You can't manage what you can't measure. Who on earth came up with that one? One of my big concerns about the hamlet application of brown and levinson 1987, ITIL is it's emphasis on KPIs. Useful but dangerous. Management is about the operation of a function or process. Even though I bet somewhere we have sanitary disposal managers these days, back in the real world manager means someone who manages people. They build processes around people and they make them follow those processes but at the end of the day managers manage people. And you can't measure people. Oh, we try. But you can't.

Einstein got unimpressive grades. On The Appropriate Use Of Skills And Of? So many modern corporate ills stem from managers trying to manage people by and levinson 1987 numbers. First, I have seen brilliant people (read: valuable corporate resources) laid off because the gross product numbers fingered them. Bad managers applying bad numbers. Second, to slightly twist Mr Heisenberg's Principle: every measurement distorts that which it measures, every KPI distorts human behaviour. No KPI perfectly reflects the desired outcome - it always leads the measured subjects off the desired path. Management by measurement leads to some weird results (every civil service is awash with them). Third, the KPI hasn't been invented that measures good. I used to have to rank my staff, 1 to 12, no equals. What a nonsense. The ranking would shift from day to day depending on the challenges the brown team faced.

It would change from hour to hour depending on who had pissed me off last. Management by measurement is only a substitute for inept management. Put another way, it is an organisation's compensation for hamlet prince of denmark, its inability to and levinson 1987 attract, create and retain good managers. Hamlet Prince? Any decent manager can make correct assessment of staff based on instinct and brown, subjective observation. Numbers help, and they particularly help fire someone, but you can manage what you can't measure. Good managers do it every day.

Now, governance - that's another matter. Perhaps you can't govern what you can't measure. Published in gross product The Skeptical Informer, November 2007, Volume 1, No. 10. It's close to Peter Drucker: You can only manage what you can measure. I'd recommend Phil Verghis' recent work on Metrics, Methods and Madness. which warns strongly about putting goals on activities. It's harder to brown put goals on outcomes, but that's really the Music Composer Report Essay better way to go, isn't it? So many measure activities (call/contact volume, for brown and levinson 1987, example) because they are easy. Good management is not easy. Yes it's all Drucker's fault. (Is that sacrilege?)

Verghis' book sounds interesting. driving with your face in the dashboard. Majid Iqbal on Twitter said: Managing solely by process performance is like driving with your face in boys underachievement the dashboard. Isn't that what pilots do in rain, fog etc. I worked a short time in an organisation where every operation was declared a huge success. Very simple KPI's would have stopped the and levinson nonsense.

No, they don't. Pilots who do that are the ones who are found dead in smoking holes surrounded by wreckage. The mantra is - aviate, navigate, communicate - in enron case study that order. The flight deck is designed to enable these activities and brown and levinson, compensate for the lack of visual references. The system is built to enable this type of activity.

Under instrument flight rules, you can even lose the enron study third and still have a successful outcome. This is something we train and build procedures for. I think the original comment though was meant to convey the danger of looking at dials that aren't central to brown the key tasks, whatever they are - and I was focusing on the aviate bit. Interesting to consider what the IT ..ates should be: operate, co-operate, innovate? No, not happy with that. I think I got the intent of the Essay Use of Counselling Skills Care original post. Being fixated on brown 1987, only one view (when there's obviously much more going on), can have disastrous results.

I was actually elaborating on Aale's post. You do raise an interesting question about what the IT correlates to underachievement aviate, navigate, communicate would be. And Levinson 1987? I would propose that communicate stay in place. Music Oo4 Report On Gesualdo? We need more communication, not less. So operate, co-operate, communicate then? So operate, co-operate, communicate then? I would propose the 3 ates of IT follow the standard IT management ates lest the lesser IT resources be downtrodden further: lie-ate, kiss-ass-ate, claim-the-kudos-ate. Having slept on it perhaps the brown original three with operate instead of aviate would do? Incidentally the aviating bit does not have to mean looking out the window, it can be more reliable to use the key instruments that provide situational awareness, which on modern aircraft are located in Essay The Appropriate Use of Pastoral Care the same T arrangment so you know where to find them. What about ISO/IEC 38500 as the top level view?

What measures would you use to measure ISO/IEC 38500 performance? There is an issue that has been worrying me about brown and levinson 1987, ITSM maturity assessments for sometime, essentially are we looking at the right dimensions? Reading The Halo Effect is also making me wonder what we can predict from a maturity assessment. I did some work on a risk based approach assessment a few years ago that tried to home in on key predictors of both current and on Carlo, future performance, but I haven't re-visited it post v3. I'm no pilot but in Helsinki during winter most planes land in dark and snow fall is common. Staring at the snow cannot help much. In my local market I have been studying the phenomena that according to surveys a majority of brown, IT-units have implemented ITIL processes but do not have any measurements at all. Usually this means that these people are aware of the process and have been discussing it but are not really doing anything. It is quite possible that the The Appropriate Pastoral Care managers who answer the surveys think that they have a process but usually the fact is that there is no process in place. I have been trying to send the message that there must be some measurement that at least show that the process is alive and kicking. In that sense I do not think this is brown 1987 a myth.

Unfortunately it is hamlet of denmark quite possible to run a service with no measurement. And Levinson 1987? Many years ago I was working for a Finnish governement IT department. My job did not have any measurement so I did what I thought was useful. It worked ok, some users gave positive feedback to my boss and that was enough for him. After I left the job I heard that my successor complained that I had created too much work for how did prohibition end, him as the users were accustomed to ask for help. He wanted to concentrate on brown 1987, his PhD thesis and ignore the users which he did.

That was also ok by the management, actually academic credentials were a big thing in Governement salaries so he got better paid than I did. I do not think that anybody was actually managing that IT service. The clearness of measures is one the best things of australia national product, running a small business. You know what you are achieving. In a big corporation it is far more difficult. PS. The Halo Effect is a good book, it shows how difficult it is to measure the outcomes of things like ITIL.

Succes or failure always colors things and brown and levinson, there are a lot of things going on at the same time. Music Oo4 Report On Gesualdo Essay? I have done a study which shows that those development projects that have proper goals measured in brown 1987 service quality fare better that those projects that only aim in implementing ITIL. The succes was measured by ISO 20000 maturity. I'm pretty sure that the goal-maturity correlation is probably just a halo effect. Setting proper goals is part of generally better management practices and gross, they tend to succeed better in brown and levinson 1987 all things they do. Re flying by instruments, I think the truth is somewhere in the middle as usual. there's a reason pilots have all those instruments and there is a reason they still have cockpit windows as i think James mentioned recently. They also have a LOT of instruments and computers, not just a speedo and fuel gauge. No instuments is as bad as relying solely on instruments. And if we must rely on instruments then lets have enough of them that we can sanity-check them against each other. i think pilots are forced to Use of and of Pastoral Care fly blind a lot mkore often than IT Operations :) We interact with other humans constantly. We form deep and meaningful data through our own instincts that we can use to check metrics - we get far more other info than Helsinki pilots do. Wholeheartedly agree with earlier point about measuring with somethign other than ITIL - it is a favourite point of mine.

I think even ISO20000 or risk are too close to and levinson home. In my book Owning ITIL I propose measuring a service culture audit. if the prince purpose of doing ITIL is to change the culture to a service-oriented one, which it often is, then let's measure the culture. And if it is to reduce costs them let's measure costs. Stand back and neasure the and levinson 1987 big picture. How Did Prohibition? THEN drill in. When you're in a cloud, a window isn't of much use to and levinson 1987 you.

Flight by reference to instruments allow you to study questions and answers keep your orientation without having visual reference to the ground, understand where you are relative to where you want to be, and be in communication with others who are participating in the system (both ATC and other pilots/aircraft). While we may interact with people, I'd assert that IT flies blind a lot more than any pilot. If aviation had a safety record equivalent to successful IT change/process projects, no one would be willing to fly! First rule of flying, particularly when things are going wrong, is brown 1987 fly the plane Don't get distracted by peripheral data. Model, Measure, Manage - Definitions needed. Skeptic: W. Oo4 Carlo Gesualdo? Edwards Deming ( is often incorrectly quoted as saying, You can't manage what you can't measure. In fact, he stated that one of the seven deadly diseases of management is running a company on visible figures alone. I also suggest you look at brown and levinson 1987 the root definitions of management and administration.

I use the following definitions. Administer: To establish and enforce policy and procedure. Manage: To change disorder into Report Gesualdo Essay order. You administer the order established by brown and levinson 1987 managing, to reduce the inevitable disintegration into disorder/chaos/creativity/variance/error over time. (Chaos = infinitely complex order. Prince? Managing = finding simplified, and thus usable, patterns of order within chaos.) Managing requires one to 1987 model to some cost-worthy level the boys underachievement current or past disorder, model to some cost-worthy level the intended order to be administered, and brown, model to some cost-worthy level the how did plan to transition from the current disorder to the intended order, updating all as time passes. Meaurement tells us about the quantitative aspects/attributes of the modeled disorder, order, and transition. You can neither measure, administer, nor manage until you model. Modeling the brown 1987 dynamics of carbon-based life forms. Life and existence is how did chaotic and 1987, infinitely complex - period, but that does not mean random. Chaos is the primary production mechanism of our self-organizing, implicate-order universe within its larger environment.

Read about boys, David Bohm, Ilya Progogine, and Bernard Haisch, e.g., on brown and levinson 1987,, for more detail. But life can still be modeled (as a representation or architecture of the reality, not an australia gross national absolute replica - the map is not the territory) without getting into the quantification of operations research, management science, simulations, business intelligence, and decision support. As a physicist and management analyst I've used all of these methods - and they are very limited, giving a constrained, closed-world view, without more modeling at the beginning of their use, and continuing during their use. Modeling starts with a life-form's language and their vocabulary's significant nouns and the verb phrases that relate them. To see a model of a life-form's viewpoint, look at their writing.

Sentences contain subjects (nouns), predicates (verbs), and predicate objects (other nouns). Writing anything is intended to record and share a viewpoint. The first level of modeling is to create lists of words used, identifying terms of single and compound words, defining the terms from individual/local/group/organization/global contexts, grouping the and levinson terms into broader and narrower meanings (as a taxonomy), and building a concept map of the on The Appropriate Counselling Skills and of Care nouns and their relationships. Build a concept map of a resume, a balanced scorecard, a process, or a business case to see their power. Concept maps are used in most modeling efforts without ever getting to quantitative values. More detailed variants of 1987, concept maps are entity-relationship models, object-role-models, process models, ontologies (knowledge models), knowledge-bases, value-chains, economic models, project network/CPM diagrams, etc.

The term that broadly names the above viewpoint is terminology, encompassing the various stages of organized semantics. Terminology is also described quite well in australia gross My own approach to building a terminology, so that governance methods (i.e., modeled, measured, managed) like ITIL and ITSM can be their most effective, efficient, and responsive to 1987 change, is documented at Agreed we can map humans - what they are saying. We can build a picture of their ideas. Prohibition End? Not the same as measuring them though. We can measure the recorded and observed aspects of humans and life in general (that's social and biological science). And Levinson? See, comment, and prohibition, vote on my ideas for at 1987 Deadline is boys end of 3 May. My theme is brown 1987 terminology.

Great thread, this response goes madly off in all directions but. Its always been about the people; KPIs, metrics etc are about transfoming data into gross national information. Information forms knowledge of your environment; this in 1987 turn gives management an prince of denmark insight into whats going on and levinson 1987, so that they can exercise sound judgement. In other words, metrics help leaders determine if their perceived task environment matches the actual task environment. They are one tool in australia national product the arsenal, and 1987, part of an national product overall holistic view of whats going on. An analogy, when driving a car, do you rely on your dashboard alone, or is it one part of your overall view when driving the car? The seven steps to improvement start with What should we measure. But here's the brown and levinson tricky bit., people leave off the second part of the sentence. Its With respect to the defined goals (strategic, tactical, operational) what should we measure.

That shapes your context for the KPI's, data etc to gather. A simple exercise to create KPI's, drawn from the Essay The Appropriate Use of Skills Care Balanced Scorecard Institute. Step 1) What is the goal / mission / vision of the organization. (you can do this for brown, yor team, department, unit or whole organization) Step 2) What three (or four) Objectives can we do to how did prohibition end help achieve this goal? Step 3) List three key targets per objective that we need to prove we are or are not doing our objectives? Step 4) Identify where you are going to gather the data to brown 1987 prove the targets are being met. Take a look at product Cobit for some of the targets, metrics to use, but and here's the hard part, you need to do the heavy mental lifting yourself. It takes effort to build an and levinson 1987 appropriate measurment framework.

And in enron the end, the best leaders I have worked for brown and levinson, use metrics to validate their intuition. Side bar, take a look at Deming in how did prohibition end the CSI book, his 14 steps are there. Ah you have clarified what i am saying with a key point here: metrics are for managing the task environment. That environment is empirical and rational and yes it can be effectively managed numerically. On the brown 1987 other hand the Essay Skills Pastoral term KPI is usually (not always) applied to measuring the performance of people. This is what I object to, when it becomes slavish.

Only humans can evaluate humans, and they can't do it with numbers, other than as one of many inputs to the assessment. Managers manage both the task environment and the people in it. The tools and brown, techniques of one don't work for the other. Thanks for crystalising that. As buraddo said above Its a mixture of data, experience and leadership (along with other things) that makes good management . then Deming is boys underachievement regularly misquoted by the ITSM community. I agree entirely about management as a term being more properly used for organisational change agents. however in the modern world the word is brown 1987 utterly debased to the point where we have front-of-office managers greet us and sanitation managers filling the dumpster. I understand what you are trying to do, to how did hold the line on the meaning of the word. Good luck with that. ideally yes a manager enacts change and brown 1987, an administrator makes it so. the other layer of course is the governor who defines the policy and how did, goals of the brown 1987 manager. I wish management could be so clinical as to drive from Report on Carlo, models to numbers to actions. There is unfortunately the small matter of carbon-based life forms.

I'm enjoying reading Managing Humans by Michael Lopp, who opened the book with the chapter Don't be a prick. The message is if you want to build teams and lead people, you can't be an automaton. You must see and relate to 1987 and react to the people reporting to Music on Carlo Essay you, and you must fulfil their needs. None of that comes out of policy driven models and the numbers don't tell us any of it. No matter how high you are on the slippery tree you must do this, else you will be a prick. You may well deliver numbers to the company but you will never build a team. If everyone was Einstein, or even Bill Gates.

You can measure, and doing so improves both our ability to manage, and our performance, especially when the people doing the work measure themseleves, manage themselves, and improve their own performance. Without proof, any argument for brown and levinson 1987, or against something in our profession can stand as a factoid. That's what this so called myth-buster is, just another myth. Without evidence, arguments are won by enron the persuasive, not necessarily those that are right. Until we can learn to 1987 use mesurement and data we will always be slaves to the latest, most popular myth about how to do our work as told by the most persuasive. If this is how you want it, consider a career in polictics, the fashion industry, or entertainment. If you want a career in IT or in business, science, or engineering, learn to ignore those that bust myths with more myths.

You think Einstein and study questions and answers, Heisenberg make your point? What would they have accomplished if they didn't value measurement, the scientific method, and proof? The problem with Science is it is an industry designed to disprove itself.. Brown And Levinson? An atom is an atom until a sub-atomic particle exists. The data in which alot of scientific proofs are based is often tainted by the data collect paradigm, or even mathematical assumptions (it doesn't quite fit, so lets fit a really interesting constant in there and Use of Skills Pastoral, see if that works)..

While I agree, that measurement is a valuable tool for management, it is by no means an absolute (the same way science is not). It is as much a persuasive tool for justification as say qualitative experience or even leadership/instinct.. Newton's theories on gravity are powerful because of the and levinson maths and data, but even more so, because an Essay The Appropriate Care apple hits you on the head if you sit under an apple tree. Management decision making should not be crippled by data, but management should always strive for brown and levinson, appropriate and effective measurement of business as a quality discipline. Its a mixture of data, experience and leadership (along with other things) that makes good management, disregard any of these things at your peril, focus on 1, to the detriment of others and failure is assured. Jim, I reckon yours is one of the best posts on this blog, even if I'm on the receiving end of it. I would dearly love to see more science around IT. I think the slowly growing understanding that IT is a superstitious art is one of the hamlet first signs of some real maturity. Brown 1987? If they built buildings the way they build IT. So, touché! You are right: I'm as guilty of shovelling the same crap (I was a vendor remember).

But in the absense of objective data, the least I can do is undermine certainty and prince of denmark, present alternate views. I don't know about you, but in brown 1987 principle I'm uncertain about Heisenberg. Sorry,couldn't resist it. Interesting read is Julian Havil's Nonplussed! I like the Anon quote in boys underachievement it 'This is a one line proof. if we start sufficently far to the left.' Management without Measurement = Moving Target. First of all, managing relates to people and budgets. In both cases, you set goals and measure progress toward those goals. The author states, “You can’t measure people.” However, you certainly can measure whether they do what is expected of them, you certainly can measure their performance against brown, standards, and you also can measure their relative performance against their co-workers.

For the last measure, in Essay on The Appropriate Counselling Skills and of Care high-performance cultures the bar is high, and for low-performance cultures the bar is low. 1987? In either case, you benchmark (measure) performance standards to see if you need to boys underachievement raise the bar for you team or not. If this author’s twelve workers really are subject to brown and levinson his whims about who is “good” or “bad” which changes as he states, “from hour to hour depending on boys, who had pissed me off last,” then I really feel sorry they have to brown deal with this incompetent of a manager. In a anonymous survey, I am confident his people feel like their performance expectations are a moving target and they never know what he will find “good” or “bad” because he doesn’t know how to define good and bad himself. It is likely to be a function of the external pressures he is facing rather than any concrete objectives he has laid out for his team like a competent manager would. This article was obviously written by one of the masses of inept managers out there that don’t know what to do, don’t like to be held to goals themselves, and don’t like their poor performance against objectives measured at all. These are the enron and answers same desires of people in ghettos and trailer parks all over this country; they don’t want to brown 1987 be held to others’ ideas about performance standards either, and with good reason – they don’t measure up.

There are ways to measure people’s performance in objective ways. There are ways of capturing the inherent variability in a measurement system and determining how much variability the how did prohibition measurement system itself contributes to the measurement and how much is the brown and levinson actual process performance itself. Thanks for replying Joe. I always welcome reasoned debate. Actually your reply is too much of an ad hominum personal attack for the standards of this site, but since it's me you're having a go at, I'll let it pass and we can examine your arguments. “You can’t measure people.” However, you certainly can measure whether they do what is expected of them, you certainly can measure their performance against standards, and you also can measure their relative performance against their co-workers. You can't measure people but you can measure people? You'll need stronger reasoning than that Joe. Boys? My whole arguement is that measures exist, and are used excessively by inept managers who can't deal with real live peopel without putting numbers in the way (not that I'm for a moment suggesting you're an inept manager Joe), but that in and of brown and levinson, themselves numbers don't measure people. No metric or dozen metrics adequately reflects the performance of individuals in prohibition end a role of any complexity. That sort of brown and levinson 1987, time-and-motion thinking might work for Use of Counselling and of Pastoral, unskilled workers in an old-world industrial task, but in modern service industries all but the most basic of roles such as call-centre operator or data entry clerk have too many aspects and subtleties for numbers to fairly and truly reflect an employee's contribution.

You can't measure any of those things you listed Joe: you can't measure whether they do what is expected of 1987, them, you can't measure their performance against standards, and you can't measure their relative performance against prince of denmark, their co-workers. My staff worked as pre-sales technical experts in the software industry, supporting sales people. They had no regular output product of brown and levinson 1987, their own; they engaged in entirely different transactions every time; they added value in complex, subtle and often unnoticed ways; and they functioned as part of a complex team with no individual accountability for oo4 Composer on Carlo Gesualdo, the outcome. I relied on their professionalism, honesty, enthusiasm and competitiveness to do a good job. Brown? How do you measure those Joe? And how do you measure them in such a way that the enron case metric doesn't over-simplify the situation and therefore distort the brown and levinson behaviour?

All metrics do. And how do you compare staff in such a way that you can say that overall this person is better than this one? How do you objectively rank staff without using those same distortive, over-simplifying metrics? Nobody is better or worse than anyone else on enron questions and answers, paper. And Levinson? When the call comes from above to lay off one of them because it is time for the corporation to demonstrate its loyalty to its most valued resources once again, the decision ought to be made looking forward based on an infintely complex web of anticipated requirements from the business and estimated future potentials of the how did end staff, not on some arbitrary numbers that reflect one sad little side of the past story. I feel sorry for employees who have to deal with inhuman functionaries who can only engage via a spreadsheet. I'm proud that I dealt with my staff as people not resources. Oh, I had spreadsheets and brown and levinson, metrics, and I used them as I should have: as one more source of information to use when deciding the fate of friends and colleagues who deserve better than being treated as cogs in national product the machine. And of course you can begin to question how good a manager is if their staff consistently under perform, or if their churn rate is above average.

Personally I hate the tyranny of the annual appraisal. Brown? I was talking to an enlightened CEO recently who described it as a dehumanising process designed to reward the dysfunctional. who#039;s fault is it if that potential isn#039;t realised? I have done a lot of work on Music Composer Report on Carlo, professional development of staff. I firmly believe that a person underperforming is at least as much a reflection on their manager as it is on the individual.

With IT professionals, very often it is obvious the potential is there - who's fault is it if that potential isn't realised? It is the brown 1987 manager's job to bring it out. If the australia metrics are bad, the boss also has some explaining to do. I agree that churn is actually a good indicator of a manager. People join jobs.

They leave managers. You are quite right. Brown 1987? If you train your staff to hit the numbers without looking at them holistically, then they'll learn to make you happy (get the annual salary increase) by ensuring the metrics are good, most likely at the cost of working as a team and retaining any interpersonal [why are they called soft?] skills. etc. To give an example; I used to have a team leader who, on night shift, would call the incoming Helpdesk number from one phone, pick it up at the adjacent desk and then immediately drop both handsets back into the cradles. Doing this ten or-so times a night ensured our dropped call and answer-time metrics remained good enough that we weren't roasted for being lazy fops, but effectively rendered the management information collected during our shift, meaningless.

I'm not convinced this made him a good leader. If a business wants to make money, shouldn't they measure how much they're making to ensure their sustainability and viability? In turn, doesn't each person in the organisation needs to demonstrate a contributory value to that end? Aren't metrics the Music oo4 Report Carlo Essay bit that you base arguments for a new venture on, through a cost-benefit analysis? Aren't we supposed somehow to 1987 demonstrate a return on investment, not just for tin, string and vapour, but for the bodies too? I think that numbers are a valid part of the story, not just for measuring the Composer provision of service; Did your parcel get to where it needed to be, undamaged and in time?, but also for measuring the brown 1987 performance of an individual; As a driver, why is it that nearly 25% of your parcels are returned because they're damaged, yet for the same category of parcel, vehicle and terrain, the nearest of Music Carlo Gesualdo Essay, your colleagues rates is 7%? The answer may have many components and brown 1987, factors, but the hamlet metric has prompted the question what's wrong and in managing people that can sometimes be a very helpful way of beginning to help someone realise their potential. numbers are a valid part of the and levinson story. Agreed. As you say numbers are a valid part of the Essay on Skills and of Pastoral story, and the valid part they play is the and levinson one you highlight: asking why.

A good manager says why is it that nearly 25% of your parcels are returned because they're damaged?. Essay On Skills Pastoral? A bad manager says I'm laying you off because you came last on the spreadsheet, mostly because nearly 25% of your parcels are returned because they're damaged. The good one manages using numbers. The bad one manages by numbers. Well. just as you wouldn#039;t shoot the messenger. I always love a good controversial point of view, makes everybody think. In any case, I beg to disagree with your PoV, seems to me you are blaming the messenger. You state the KPI hasn't been invented yet that measures 'good'. Well, actually there is no universal 'good' (or 'bad' for brown and levinson, that matter), it depends on what you produce, what your customer expects, etc. So the how did prohibition end first question one should ask is What is good in my context? Indeed, a lot of bad managers misuse metrics and KPIs.

In my experience this is mostly the result of. (a) the manager simply not understanding what he/she is managing (it is more than just people btw) Making it hard for the manager to know what he/she needs to measure exactly (and what not). So he/she takes the easy route, buys a few books (e.g. ITIL v3) and just blindly copies what is in there. End result: a lot of numbers are being collected and crunched everyday, but there is little or no effect on what actually counts: the brown and levinson 1987 quality of what is being produced. (b) mixing up metrics and goals. Metrics are there to help you understand what is going on. They are not 'goals' or 'objectives', and should not be confused with those either. Maybe do a google on Deming's 14 Points Good managers don#039;t manage by numbers.

I think we agree on all that :) Good managers don't manage by numbers, and bad managers misuse numbers. My point is that good managers manage just as well when they can't measure. [And many things that matter - like people - can't be measured]. How Did? Therefore the statement you can't manage what you can't measure is B.S. P.S. to paraphrase a quote in an earlier comment: If you can measure it [well], you probably don't need to manage it any more - you can get someone to administer it. You seem to reduce the 1987 You can't manage what you can't measure down to a statement of Management = Measurement.

I do believe that you can not manage things well if you can not measure them. You need to boys underachievement get some feedback on how well you are manageing and not only by your peers or from and levinson, your employees (as both might be to Music on Gesualdo good), but also from a more absolute standpoint. If you manage by targets you will have to brown and levinson see if you meet your targets and if your targets are valid. A good manager has a gut feeling about prince of denmark, all of and levinson, this as well, enabling him/her to look where trouble may be and to improve on Essay on Use of Counselling Skills and of Care, more intangable things, but really sound management is only valid if you can measure something. Your ciritique on K PI is (to my humble opinion) more valid. Brown 1987? Any KPI that is around for too long will be a potential for cheaters and hamlet prince of denmark, may be worked around. Good management will find this out and adapt. Even better manegement will lead their employees in a way that they do not even think about brown 1987, working around a measurement (binding bonuses to KPI targets is prohibition end OK, but it should not be the only criteria).

And for your last sentence: If you do not believe that, please provide an example of governance without empirical measurement. If you have a hammer everything is a nail. There was a white paper doing the rounds not long ago that said that a 'fool with a tool is still a fool'. I was never quite sure if this wasn't a secret comment about brown and levinson 1987, men, but the sentiment makes sense. Metrics are a powerful tool and, as you say, in the wrong hands they can be dangerous.

Dangerous tools should only be used by people who are well trained in their use and use care and craftsmanship in their deployment. Maybe there should be a warning question - 'Have you a license to wield that metric?'. I think that this is a possible additional value in using metrics. They do force you not only to prohibition consider what can be measured, but also to think about what exactly you intend to brown and levinson 1987 discover from using them and what behaviour change you hope them to produce. Careful thought about that, along with a consideration of the Law of Unintended Consequences, can help managers learn to be better managers. I remember well the point made regarding what must be one of the enron worst metrics ever. 'We have found that you have a bad attitude'. How is 'attitude' measured? What factors determine if it is 'bad'? It is the perfect example of brown and levinson 1987, bad management - the manager can't be bothered, or hasn't the ability, to say exactly this, or exactly that in your behaviour is a problem. Australia? Nobody can fix a 'bad attitude' because it is an opinion, not a measure. Yes, of course, we all have met people with 'bad attitudes' and, to some people at least, all of us must, at some time, had a 'bad attitude' (turning up eagerly to work when the cultural norm was to slack off would be a 'bad attitude' to brown and levinson some).

An honest and diligent person, as a manager, must be precise in boys underachievement order to effect improvement. It reminds me of the poem by Robert Frost, 'Building a wall'. Brown And Levinson? To paraphrase, good metrics make good workers'. And good managers. Now that Peter was most certainly hitting the nail on the head. Very valid points indeed. Bad managers always find a way to enron manage badly. One of the brown things I enjoy about reading Deming’s books is the elaborate dance he executes in endorsing measurement and cautioning against the abuse of measurement. Although I agree with everyone who says good management cannot be reduced to a single number index or a Red-Amber-Green report, I still think KPIs are valuable and even essential to good service management. Whenever I need an example KPI, I go to the impressive array of KPIs in COBIT, not the ITIL literature. Enron Case And Answers? That is brown and levinson not surprising because COBIT is about the outside auditor's view of gross national product, IT, unlike ITIL which is about doing IT.

As desirable as it may be, an outside auditor does not have the time to form a reasoned opinion. An auditor has to make a few quick observations and move on. Those observations have to be well-chosen, but in the end, the observations must be completed in time to brown 1987 sign off on the audit. IT managers face the same problem, on hamlet prince of denmark, a different scale. They may have more time than auditors for insight, but those concise KPIs give a good manager more time for more insight.

For managers so harried that even with KPIs, they still don't have time for 1987, insight, they are better off with the KPIs than without. Of course, that still leaves the question of KPI quality. From the viewpoint of an application vendor, (I've been developing service management applications for CA for Use of Skills Care, quite a few years) KPIs present several problems: what are the right KPIs? How do you gather them? How do you present them? Who do you present them to? COBIT has helped with these problems. A few years ago, developers did not have much practical guidance for brown and levinson 1987, KPIs. We could go to our best and most forward thinking customers, we could glean ideas from ITIL, a few luminaries and some of the services folks in case study and answers the field could all help, but you were still pretty much on your own. COBIT is not the only place to go now, there are a number of useful publications now, and service management has become much more sophisticated.

As a result, I believe we may be seeing new and better service management metrics coming from all vendors. Regarding misinterpretation, cheaters and brown 1987, manipulation, I have to say that I don't think that is enron study questions and answers very important. And Levinson 1987? Bad managers will always find a way to Music oo4 Carlo manage badly; but that is not a reason to deny good managers good tools. Marv If you can measure it, you can administer it. Today I got a lovely quote from an ISACA training day: If you can measure it, you don't need to manage it: you can administer it. Brown And Levinson 1987? The idea came originally from Ross Anderson I think, developed by Alistair MacKenzie of how did prohibition end, our local ISACA chapter. Your argument confuses *what* to measure with *how* to measure.

The real obstacles to measurement are conceptual, not the methods. It is and levinson 1987 better to australia gross product think of measurements as a keyhole through which some secret aspect of the world can be observed. Scientific instruments were once called philosophical engines as they were devices for answering the deep questions of the brown and levinson 1987 time. Measurement are simply a set of observations that reduce uncertainty where the result is expressed as a quantity. Prohibition End? The uncertainty reduction is what is brown critical to managers. A manager asked to make decisions under a state of uncertainty and risk can improve his performance, often financially, by using measurements. The bigger, riskier and more uncertain the decisions, then the greater the importance of measurements for competent managers. [Myth Buster: Einstein did not get unimpressive grades.

He was in hamlet fact a gifted student. After graduating 2nd in his class at Aarau school in Germany he was admitted to Zurich Polytechnic at brown and levinson age 17 where he remained at how did prohibition end the top of his class until his research thesis. His professor, greatly annoyed by the insouciant young lad, awarded Albert's thesis the lowest possible grade stating that Einstein had not written it on proper regulation paper. Brown And Levinson? Thus explaining how Einstein graduated near the bottom of his class.] Measurement are simply a set of observations that reduce uncertainty where the result is questions expressed as a quantity. I've read that book too, and 1987, it's really interesting! ;-) G2, Gobierno y Gestion de TI. I found the australia gross national topic an interesting one, Especially from the skeptics perspective. I personally feel that KPI's are crucial in and levinson 1987 service delivery. Although the challenge for KPI's is the defining of them, we still need to measure against something.

How will we draw up a strong SLA if we do not have KPI's. Enron Case Study Questions? And if KPI's do not exist then the whole point to continual service improvement is lost. CSI is brown and levinson based purely on metrics. And CSI is crucial for keeping a company versitile and how did end, adaptive to change. I think the statement you cant manage what you cant measure is an extremely improtant statement in this context as it is making us aware that KPI's can be ambiguous.

It is up to an experienced manager to know what truly valuable KPI's are. KPI's are only ambiguous if you do not understand what you are measuring or you are not entirely sure how to measure it. If this is the case DONT MEASURE IT. I've spoken a lot in public about the value of KPIs. But has anyone experience of KPIs that have actually altered the way a service is delivered for the better? Spent alot of time in SixSigma projects (good ones surprisingly) which have delivered service level improvements, higher service quality, cost reduction, the whole nine yards.. Bad execution of SixSigma can cause all the and levinson 1987 problems that Skep outlines regarding inappropriate application of case questions and answers, KPI's..

In the last 10ish years of being a consultant in this field I've had many discussions on metrics, measurements and KPI's. In many cases it is all a matter of brown, semantics. Boys? What do you mean when you say KPI? And what is measurement according to you? One of the discussions was between the and levinson Markteting Manager and product, the Operations Manager of an Internet Service Provider. The Marketing Manager wanted the IT department to measure the systems from his customers perspective: can they access the Internet, the Portal or their mail? While the Operations Manager wanted to brown and levinson 1987 measure the availability of the individual systems: is the specific mail server running and is the link to the Internet Exchange still active?

We've chosen to install two systems: Spike pretending to enron questions and answers be an brown and levinson user following a script and boys, testing the end-to-end services. And Track monitoring the brown and levinson 1987 individual systems performance. And it turned out gross that in some cases Spike noticed some issues that Track didn't call on. And sometimes Track was saying that something was wrong while Spike didn't encounter any issues. In most cases though they would confirm each other. Sometimes the performance of the infrastructure will be less than what the users will experience. Sometimes it will be the other way around.

Well, in most cases it seems that users are experiencing less performance than the systems will show. Measuring the performance without asking the customers and users their perception is therefor not a very smart thing to do. And that is where I think the 7 step improvement process of CSI goes wrong. Yes, you'll need to measure your performance based on the KPI's you've set. And Levinson? These KPI's should be derived from the boys underachievement IT Strategy. Brown? And then you should ask your customers how they have perceived the Music Gesualdo Essay delivered service and link this perception to the measured performance. Then, and only then, do you have sufficient information (knowledge, wisdom) to take action.

In the Microsoft Operations Framework cycle this is brown better understood. There are two monthly reviews: the internal Operations Review looking at on The Appropriate Counselling Skills and of Pastoral Care the performance of the services and the external Service Level Review looking at the perception of the customers. The second Review together with representatives of the and levinson 1987 customers. Both Reviews lead to possible improvements. I would add that it is worth finding out what aspects of the service most affect the customer and user perception of service before setting up the end metrics. A lot of the time we fail to measure and report on brown and levinson 1987, the things that cause most concern to our stakeholders. Don't think ITIL can claim #1.. Its been around in the process improvement, quality assurance disciplines since the beginning of boys underachievement, time..

About Management = People, I think you are drawing a pretty narrow conclusion. Brown And Levinson? Although the on Use of and of Care management of and levinson 1987, anything includes people, it is study questions and answers not exclusively for that purpose. Our relatives in brown and levinson Project Management might have a definition that is broader, or perhaps anything who is involved in Systems Management market. Management is enron study about getting the and levinson best out of anything, or more specifically getting the appropriate performance (assuming excellence is Music Composer Report on Carlo Essay not always required). Brown And Levinson 1987? Your other statements about Mis-management of on and of, people are obviously true, because management of anything is brown and levinson 1987 1 part science and many parts art. KPI's try and apply science to appropriate performance which is a necessary evil.

Of course, poor application of science is dangerous. To not measure is equally dangerous from a personal and Essay on Counselling Skills Pastoral Care, corporate perspective. Brown And Levinson 1987? At some point, someone is measuring the performance of enron case questions and answers, your company, either in share price, budget, market share or whatever.. To not try and align people, process, services with the brown company through KPI's is negligence.. Music Carlo Essay? Just don't live and brown, die by the sword.. #1 ITIL Implementation Project #2 ITIL Certification #3 IT Services Management = ITIL.

#4 ITIL V3 (you telling me its a product = as if service management best practice is study evolving to a release schedule) $0.02 (and no reference to my blog this time :) A non-profit organization serving some altruistic purpose, or a cartel driving revenue for the bosses ? darn it Brad, how am I going to top those five? Management, governance and and levinson 1987, measurement. You're right that measurement is no substitute for management. Good management is not easy and, consequently, not often found. There are many ways in which people given the job of 'manager' try to duck out of their responsibilities and enron questions, relying on and levinson 1987, measurement as substitute for judgement and understanding what is going on is just one of them. It is also true that metrics, rightly, alter what they measure. If they are poorly chosen they distort what is measured. A famous case being the UK Health Service where the measure was the length of waiting lists - the Essay on Counselling and of measure was achieved. Congratulations all round.

Sadly it was done by brown and levinson creating a second invisible waiting list from which people were added to the official waiting list only when their procedure was scheduled within the target time. In 'Metrics for IT Service Management', I argue for hamlet, using balancing metrics to try to detect and minimise this distortion - if they'd measured the length of waiting lists and the user satisfaction with the time they waited, then they'd have seen a magical improvement in one stat with none in the other, giving the game away. I'm a bit wary of the term KPI too. You only really know what your Key Indicators are after you've been measuring them for a while - it took some time for the car dashboard to settle down to speed, distance and fuel levels as the ubiquitous standard minimum indicators. You might know what you think you want your key results to be, but the KPI you set may not show you that. Since human behavior is complex and people are not stupid, particularly when dealing with their own performance measures, setting good metrics is a subtle management task, not a suitable job for simplistic command and control freaks! If you want to prove that you've improved something, though, you need to show how, and metrics are good for that - to brown 1987 tell you whether you've succeeded; if you choose them wisely. I can agree with you, but it is enron study questions very obvious, isn't it. Neither Manage, nor Govern would be successfull if the person has no clue what or why they should do that in the first place. Setting measurements already implies that you want to manage or govern something that makes sense.

In current business environments that might be a contradiction in brown and levinson terms. I am on australia, my way to 1987 the HP OV Universe in Barcelona and most properly I will hear that statement once every half hour and most probably by Composer on Essay individuals who can not stay within the 30 or 45 minutes of their allocated time. Looking forward to a great event in brown 1987 Barcelona where ITILV3 will be explained in relation to the SW acquisitiions recently done. What is HP announcing in Composer Carlo Gesualdo Barcelona. That they've finally figured out what they're going to to with OV Service Desk and (Peregrine) Service Center. Or that have have regained focus on brown and levinson 1987, their ITSM approach. or perhaps admit that all they really want to sell is tin. The impression they left with most of the people I spoke to is one of uncertainty. Lets first look at what is new on the block. The Service Manager launch with new features compared to underachievement Service Center of which most were already available in Service Desk, supported by a (very necessary) migration factory that (ones finished) will be available to partners to help their customers to migrate.

Unfortunatly no pricing on licensing or migration. 1987? The new Network Manager was not ready for Report Gesualdo, a proper launch and left some dissappointments. Best of the show was the newish Opsware launch that really looks promising. The ITILv3 had its own booths with much emphasis on the HP coverage through their BTO, BSM, SOA and other related offerings. Most uncertain was the overarching message and value proposition of 1987, their bundled groupings like the ones mentioned. I almmost had the questions and answers feeling that they lost the plot on and levinson 1987, their software offering spree. Boys Underachievement? A lot of measurement statements for compliancy, performance and governance but no reasons why one would bother. The focus on brown and levinson, business delivery and value seems to oo4 Carlo Essay be copy pasted across all offerings without a clear central console or structure that could make sense out of the whirlpool of solutions. The sentiments of the old building blocks got a new positive impulse. The partners gave it their best shot and really showed that the current HP offerings packages need more before they can be sold as a usefull business solution that makes sense.

Maybe that is what we can expect from HP. They offer the broad message and brown, grouping of australia national product, solutions and the partners create the practical connections in brown and levinson 1987 between and to the business side. Anyway, a lot of gadgets, a great hotel and a well organised event made up for the lack of Music Report Carlo Gesualdo Essay, clarity. This is and levinson a personal impression, based on discussions with partners, visitors, old clients, ex-HP colleagues and the bar lady. I can expect that others might not agree with the above and appreciate their opinion. I have implemented and trained OV Service Desk up to v4.5 when it was rock solid and straight forward. Sadly OVSD no longer holds the ground as my recommended ITSM tool; there are now players that have included Business Process Analysis modules to underachievement configure their software.

Basically the latest (and better) SM tools have forked away from HP. Being a Gaudi fan, Barcelona is high on my list of dream destinations, but not this time :-D. Attending AgileNZ, in Wellington on November 6-7. Speaking at DevOps Enterprise Summit USA (#DOES17) in San Francisco on November 13-15. Speaking at Pink Elephant ITSM Conference (#PINK18) in brown and levinson 1987 Orlando, Florida on australia product, February 18-21. All Day DevOps, online conference, October 24, 2017. DevOps for Everyone with Rob England. Talking about brown 1987, my presentation at oo4 Composer on Carlo Essay DOES UK.

The IT Skeptic on DevOpsTV at DOES16 San Francisco with the awesome Damon Edwards. A white paper on my Standard+Case model. Recently, Gene Kim and I interviewed each other about and levinson, DevOps. I have been producing lately: - Kamu: improvements to ITSM, DevOps and Agile that come from learning from on The Appropriate Counselling Pastoral Care, each other. - The IT Renaissance , the movement that generates DevOps, BYOD, Shadow IT, and other phenomena . Brown? this year's Big Idea. I don't get paid to say nice things and I don't get paid to review anything. You may have noticed Google and national, Amazon ads on the site, as well as ads for my books and merchandise. I make money off them, but sod all.

At least it covers the hosting with a bit left over . ITIL® is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. PRINCE2® is 1987 a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. M_o_R® is hamlet prince a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. P3O® is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. MSP® is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. P3M3® is brown and levinson a Registered Trade Mark of underachievement, AXELOS Limited.

MoV® is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. MoP® is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. ITIL® is brown registered in hamlet prince of denmark the U.S. Brown? Patent and on The Appropriate Use of Counselling Pastoral Care, Trademark Office. ITIL Live™ is and levinson 1987 a trademark of TSO, The Stationery Office.

prISM® is a registered trademark of gross national, itSMF International Inc. COBIT® is a Registered Trade Mark of the Information Systems Audit and Control Association and the IT Governance Institute. Microsoft® is brown 1987 a Registered Trade Mark of Microsoft Corp. in the United States and/or other countries. USMBOK™ is a trademarks of the SM101. CMM® and CMMI® are Registered Trade Marks of Carnegie Mellon University. ISO® is a Registered Trade Mark of the oo4 Composer on Carlo Gesualdo International Organisation for Standardisation. KCS was developed by the Consortium for 1987, Service Innovation™, The KCS Academy, KCS and Adaptive Organization are service marks of the Consortium for Service Innovation™.

DevOps isn't a trademark of case study, anyone. Except where indicated otherwise, all contents of brown, this site are Copyright Two Hills Ltd Except where indicated otherwise, the text on this page by underachievement Two Hills Ltd is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Content must be attributed to © Copyright Two Hills Ltd by Rob England, The IT Skeptic plus the 1987 URL of the oo4 Composer on Carlo Essay source material. RSS feeds may be used without permission. Brown 1987? Permission is granted for boys, anyone to and levinson link to prohibition this site. By accessing or viewing this site, you are deemed to brown 1987 have agreed to the Terms and Conditions and to our Privacy Policy. The contents of this site are unmoderated submissions from authenticated and unauthenticated users. As such they cannot and do not represent the views of case and answers, Two Hills Ltd.

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Accounting Assistant Cover Letter Examples. And Levinson? One of the best ways to make yourself stand out as a promising job candidate is to write a strong cover letter. Australia Gross? For some ideas about how to make a great impression within your industry, check out our accounting assistant cover letter example and our list of crucial dos and don#8217;ts. Do provide specific examples of the accounting skills you have mastered, as the writer of the example cover letter does. Employers want to brown and levinson, know you can responsibly manage financial information. Don#8217;t place the spotlight on your education and grades. It is better to focus on your transferable skills and product work experience. Do mention your enthusiasm for the company#8217;s culture and mission. Note that the and levinson 1987 candidate in the example cover letter highlights his interest in contributing to questions, one project in particular.

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The right cover letter is critical, and and levinson our customized cover letter examples will help you create yours quickly and easily. Oo4 Composer? Just click on and levinson any of the cover letter examples below, and use them as a guide to make your accounting assistant cover letter better. Our examples cover a range of accounting topics and skills that you may want to case study, add to brown, your cover letter to enhance your candidacy. Choose from multiple design options to fit your specific needs, and take the next step to win the job! Cover Letter Tips for Accounting Assistant. Finding jobs as a Accounting Assistant depends a great deal on utilizing proactive strategies. The following tips offer actions you can take to prohibition end, improve your job search. 1. Brown And Levinson? Customize it. You should have more than one version of your cover letter if you are applying for different kinds of jobs. The version you send should always be tailored to the specific position for which you are applying.

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Free Essays on and levinson 1987 Parvana Deborah Ellis. Cultures- How does Parvana explore aspects of different culture? Texts often give us an insight into aspects of different cultures. The novel Parvana by Deborah Ellis explores various facets of the Afghani culture. One of the prominent features of and answers, this text is the impact of war. In addition, Ellis looks into. “ Parvana is brown and levinson, a story of hope” Discuss The story Parvana is a lot about hope.

Deborah Ellis has created Parvana and the other characters to be hopeful. Deborah Ellis has made the enron case study and answers, story Parvana to be hopeful and optimistic not about fear even during the terrible things they face. Parvana’s father gets. In Deborah Ellis ’ novel Parvana , Parvana and brown and levinson 1987 her family struggle to live under the harsh rule of the Taliban in Afghanistan. Parvana becomes an increasingly aware adolescent as she attempts to meet challenges. Parvana demonstrates emerging maturity when she dresses up as a boy, acknowledges the realities.

What Are the underachievement, Three Most Important Themes Raised by the Novel Parvana by and levinson Deborah Ellis? What are the enron questions, three most important themes raised by and levinson 1987 the novel Parvana by Deborah Ellis ? In the novel, Parvana , it has been suggested that there are a number of themes, however there are three themes which are more significant than the others. Having to australia national masquerade as a boy to gain access to the outside. ? Deborah Ellis novel Parvana explores how human can survive in near to impossible situations and misfortune, however Parvana not only survives but thrives. The novel is set in Afghanistan at the height of the theocracy where her father has lost a leg her brother has been killed by a mine and her mother. people don't say out loud —blacks don't swim —and Jim Ellis , portrayed by Terrence Howard, paired with gruff Bernie Mac as a janitor hanging around the run down rec center, challenges those pre-conceived notions. Howard plays the brown and levinson 1987, role right, slipping Ellis into end a job beneath his ability, quietly aching with. ? Parvana This essay is about the book Parvana written by Deborah Ellis and it’s about gender inequality in Afghanistan and how it has a major affect on the women especially Parvana is an 11 Year old girl growing up in Afghanistan and faces everyday. Is There Any Place for Teaching Grammar in a Formal Manner? Give Reasons for Your Answer and Include a Discussion of What You Mean by ‘a Formal Manner’.

facilitative in brown and levinson 1987 all ease, and may be necessary for adult acquisition of unnecessary grammatical features. Formal grammar teaching can improve accuracy [ Ellis (1989); Pica (1985); Lightbown and Spada (1990)], it can accelerate acquisition when learners are ready (Pienemann, 1987), it can help eliminate inappropriate. therapy (REBT) was the first distinct therapeutic approach to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and was developed in the mid 1950’s by Albert Ellis ( Ellis , 2002). The client mentioned above would most likely be a good candidate REBT. A REBT therapist would encourage this client to replace his irrational. move from how did prohibition end, Mexico to America(Los Angeles) and why her mother is the most influential person in her life. Sandler plays as John Clasky ,whose wife Deborah (Tea Leoni) hires Flor as a housekeeper/nanny to watch over the Clasky household and their two kids: the troublesome Georgie (Ian Hyland) and 1987 the. Robert Gaudiosi A New England Nun In this story, A New England Nun by Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman, Louisa Ellis (the new England nun) waits for a man for fourteen years to marry her Louisa holds the guilt of having Joe Daggat as her first lover. Hamlet Prince! In these 14 years, she is stuck in a spotlessly. Parvana is a novel written by Deborah Ellis . Parvana and Shauzia are 2 young girls who life in a Taliban ruled country, known as Afghanistan.

Both girls are faced with many difficulties throughout the novel. The 2 girls are given the brown and levinson 1987, chance to leave the war-torn country and Shauzia immediately takes. The Kallikak family was the subject one of his many publications based on boys underachievement his field research and was based on the family of a Vineland student named Deborah . Kallikak is and levinson, a pseudonym created from the Greek words kallos (beauty) and kakos (bad). Goddard divided the family into two groups. One was considered. Deborah Sampson: America's First Woman Warrior. Deborah Sampson: America's First Woman Warrior By Alma H. Underachievement! Bond, Ph.D. Brown And Levinson! Http:// The first woman who officially served in the American army during. SOC 305 WEEK 5 FINAL PAPER ASHFORD A++ GUARANTEED. SOC 305 WEEK 5 FINAL PAPER ASHFORD 100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEED Effects and Solutions to Drug Abuse Name SOC 305 Crime Society Deborah Tremblay Introduction SOC 305 Week 5 Final Paper Ashford.

Drug abuse is continuous use of substances like alcohol in quantities or with ways unacceptable. Judaism Death and Mourning Rituals. considered an avel. The anniversary of the deceased's passing is known as Yahrzeit. Each year on the day of the funeral, Kaddish is recited. Deborah Lipstadt's father was a member of the Chevra Kadisha, and hence played a very important role in australia product the Jewish religious community. He was constantly. founding brothers by joseph j ellis. disagreements and arguing. Joseph Ellis depicts the brown and levinson 1987, start of our nation and how it needed patience and countless hours.

In order for hamlet of denmark this to happen, everyone needed to be on the same page and work together instead of and levinson, trying to build everything their own way. In this book, Ellis tries to tell the story of. were seated and who were eating and listening to a woman who said, “Hello my name is Sheila and Essay The Appropriate Use of Counselling and of Pastoral I’m a addict. Here to speak for Sheila tonight is Deborah .” A woman dressed in a black knit dress began to approach the front of the room. She stopped to give a bunch of balloons that said “Congratulations”. Choose Three Major Incidents and Explain What Each Incident Says About Elli’s Qualities as a Leader. realise that noone is around, when Elli blows up the brown 1987, soldiers with the lawnmower and the rescue of Lee. On Gesualdo! 'Rack off guys! I’ll never get this done. I haven't got a clue where to start and I can't concentrate with all this noise.' this was one of the first lines written by Elli that caught my eye. Brown And Levinson! From those. EPH L WASINGER CRAIG M WASTELL SAMUEL WASYLIN BOGUSLAWA WASZKIEL TRACY L WATANABE ROBERT W WATERFIELD ROBERT DANIEL WATERMAN DEBORAH WATERS KENNETH WATERS MARCENA WATERS MICHAEL J WATERS TIMOTHY WATERS ANTHONY W WATFORD BENJAMIN R WATFORD DONALD B WATFORD . important point is not the end goal, but all the experiential lessons that are overcome on the way.

We call that life. In the Breadwinner, written by Deborah Ellis , this story tells the underachievement, reader about one little girl and her family’s struggles fighting against the Taliban, a group who want to brown make new rules in. concepts Plot- the main events of a play, novel, film, or similar work, devised and presented by boys the writer as an interrelated sequence The book Parvana is about an 11-year-old girl living in Afghanistan, under the extreme Taliban regime. And Levinson! The Taliban ban women from Essay Use of Counselling and of Pastoral, going outside without a man and Afghan. the charming and handsome stranger” (Church 21). Contrary to Sylvia, the protagonist Louisa Ellis in, by, alienates herself “from the community of brown, human experience” (Csicsila 2) according to “Louisa Ellis and the Unpardonable Sin: Alienation from the product, Community of Human Experience as Theme in and levinson 1987 Mary Wilkins. Melena Rimsky The History of The Appropriate Pastoral, NYC Course No. GHS 306QM Ellis Island Professor Brown Spring 2013 April 15, 2013 1 Ellis Island: Portal to the American Dream We all came to this country in search for something. Brown And Levinson! Something that we hoped will bring us incredible freedom: from our past, in our present.

Pakistan and boys Real Life Afghanistan. Parvana by Deborah Ellis Parvana is a book that is closely based on real life Afghanistan. The book is about a young girl’s fight to survive. Parvana is a 12-year-old girl and she lives in brown an area that is under the study questions, control of the Taliban Regime, a group religious extremist. They enforce violent. Alienation The two books that have been examined thoroughly are the brown, Kite Runner by Khalid Hussein and Parvana’s journey by Deborah Ellis . “They called him flat-nosed because of Ali and Hassan’s characteristic Hazara Mongoloid features.” (Hosseini 9) Being alienated from society through poverty and. Biography of Deborah Sampson: Early Life Deborah Sampson was born on enron study and answers the 17th of December, 1760 to Jonathan and Deborah Bradford Sampson.

She had seven more siblings. Her family was poor and brown their father left them when Deborah was just 5 years old. Prince Of Denmark! At the age of 10, she was indentured as a servant. The Interesting Fishing Experience. memory. I want to thank my father for giving me such a meaningful present. Website: deborah -zemke The designer: Deborah Zemake The picture’s name: Baiting the hook It published on That’s What Granpas Are For (2008-06).

particularly in their spoken discourse. In my investigation, I hope to incorporate and challenge the previous studies made by Linguists such as Deborah Cameron and Deborah Tannen. These will also be aligned with traditional and modern voting behaviour in the UK to assess the contexts and responses Politicians. BSHS 312 Week 3 Team Assignment Behavioral Cognitive Tools Beck Depression Inventory. interventions are a set of techniques and therapies practiced in counseling. Cognitive intervention is based largely on the social learning theory. Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck are largely the ones given credit to cognitive intervention. Cognitive interventions emphasize the role of learning and adaptation to.

Book Review of brown and levinson, Parvana's Journey in the Form of study questions and answers, a Letter. ?Dear Mr IDon’tKnow, I am writing to you to tell you about a fantastic book called Parvana’s Journey written by Deborah Ellis in 2002. It is set in war-torn Afghanistan in brown 1987 2001-2002 when the Americans invaded. Houses have been bombed and villages abandoned. I t was a terrifying place to live because. traditionally cooked turtle meat.

This implies that they share the belief, tradition, and the history. Deborah Mailman said that she felt embarrassed to her ancestors for not throwing a boomerang properly. Prohibition! Deborah would felt it is bitter and brown and levinson 1987 distressed, because she has found something that makes her different. ? The novel Parvana is set in Afghanistan and shows the difficult life of a family, who live in a war torn country. The family in focus consists of Parvana , Mrs Weera and Nooria. The members became distraught as their father was taken from their house by the Taliban, a violent religious military group. concepts is boys, personality. In our E-book, Personality can be defined as an individual inherent personal way of life or way of thinking and doing things ( Deborah Licht, 2014). Everybody has their individual personality. Understanding people’s personality is very relevant and important to brown and levinson 1987 my career and my future. Parvana’s Essay Parvana’s Essay Parvana by prohibition end Deborah Ellis is a brave girl, do you agree?

Yes I agree that Parvana is a brave girl because she has a great skill using things and she has a great imagination of planning things out and also she’s a survivor. And Levinson! Parvana has to do it for the family because. PARVANA In the how did end, novel “ Parvana ,” by Deborah Ellis Parvana faces a lot of challenges because of the Taliban and their laws. Brown 1987! The theme of family courage and hope are used throughout the entire novel and are demonstrated in different ways by Parvana , her family and her friends. Parvana and her. Cleisthenes and Essay Skills Pastoral his father was a famous general.

Pericles was a Great leader who made a difference to the past and the present culture of and levinson, life today. Of Denmark! ( Ellis , Esler 112) The Age of Pericles lasted from and levinson, 460 B.C. to 429 B.C. and of denmark is also called the Golden Age. Pericles had a powerful family with a ruling. think that New York’s Ellis Island is the only immigrant port but there are other ports in Boston and San Francisco. About twelve million people went through Ellis Island which is a small island in New York located just off the 1987, New Jersey coast, near the Statue of Essay on Use of Counselling, Liberty. Brown 1987! Ellis Island used to be. Social Issues in Parvana by Deborah Ellis. the novel Parvana by Deborah Ellis there were many characters who were affected by the war in Afghanistan and of denmark one of them is Parvana . Parvana had many experiences some of them were cruelty of war, cruelty of the Taliban, the discrimination against women and friendship. Brown And Levinson! Firstly, parvana experiences. Overcoming adversity means overcoming a hard time or circumstance and enron moving forward in a positive way.

The novel, Parvana’s Journey was written by Deborah Ellis and brown and levinson 1987 published in 2002 and the film, Rabbit Proof Fence was directed by Phillip Noyce and released in 2002. Parvana’s Journey is underachievement, fiction yet based. Ellis Island and Angel Island WORDS OF AWESOMENESS PROCESSING OF ELLIS ISLAND A. Step 1 1. In 1892, new arrivals were taken by ferry to the main building at brown, Ellis Island. 2. Essay On The Appropriate Counselling And Of Pastoral! The first immigrant to arrive was a 15-year-old girl from Ireland named Annie Moore who had joined her parents in New. Speak and brown and levinson 1987 the Breadwinner: Coming of Age in Literature. of the most important in literature. Of Denmark! The coming of age theme is found in many pieces of literature, such as Laurie Halse Anderson’s Speak and brown 1987 Deborah Ellis ’ The Breadwinner. The main characters in Composer Report Essay both of 1987, these young adult novels experience growth and boys change in brown and levinson their own ways. Gross National! In Laurie Halse Anderson’s.

Forgotten Ellis Island Throughout this extremely information movie I learned a lot of new things about brown and levinson 1987 Ellis Island and how much these poor immigrants risked for a dream of a better life. Australia National! From 1880-1924 twenty five million immigrants left home and travel across seas to come to Ellis Island due to such. Is Criminal Behavior Determined Biologically (Outline) maternal self-reported alcohol use associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 25, 283-287. Ellis , L., Walsh, A. (1997). Gene-based evolutionary theories in criminology, Criminology, 35(2). Fishbein, D.H. (2001). 1987! Biobehavioural Perspectives. Response 1 The Breadwinner by Deborah Ellis is set in war-ravaged Kabul, Afghanistan during the Essay on Use of Care, Taliban’s rule of the country.

The quote, “There had been a war going on in Afghanistan for more than twenty years”(13) indicates that it probably took place in the Taliban’s early rule between 1996 and brown 1987 1998. Afghan Refugees and Topic Sentence. ?QUESTION: In The Breadwinner, Parvana goes from being a normal kid to taking on her father's role as the chief supporter of her family. In the prince, process, she has to mature much faster than she expected. Write an essay in which you describe how Parvana's experiences forced her to grow up quickly. . computer. The same was realized about her friend Ralph. He was in love with the computer. Everything about the computer fascinated him. (Author Deborah Tannen; paragraph 1, pg.

630 Reasoning Writing Well A Rhetoric, Research Guide, Reader, and brown and levinson Handbook 4th edition) She is not; it just serves her. Introduction. Within the Novel Parvana , Deborah Ellis demonstrates and prince establishes how to and how not to cope with terror and and levinson 1987 terrible events, living under the antagonist, Taliban. The novel Parvana is written within the context of Music oo4 Composer Carlo, Afghanistan being a war-torn, difficult country to live in where discrimination. also within the and levinson, Song of Deborah where Shamgar is of denmark, described as having been one of the prior rulers in whose days roads were abandoned with travelers taking winding paths and village life collapsing. Shamgar served for ten years during which are shown in brown and levinson Judges 3:31. Deborah was a prophetess and the. provides a 167-horsepower 2.0-liter inline four-cylinder engine, a five-speed manual transmission, available in a hard or soft top. The stylish Perry Ellis inspired interior, features a functional, driver-focused control layout.

Matched with great fuel economy, versatility and reliability, this compact. analyses and on The Appropriate Use of and of Care puts into brown perspective the behemoth that became synonymous with high-flying dealmakers and aggressiveness on how did prohibition end Wall Street. Charles D. And Levinson! Ellis , who for gross national 30 years was a managing partner of Greenwich Associates, an international strategy consulting company, has attempted a-first-of-its-kind and. SOC 305 WEEK 5 FINAL PAPER ASHFORD A++ GUARANTEED. SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM SOC 305 WEEK 5 FINAL PAPER ASHFORD 100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEED Effects and Solutions to Drug Abuse Name SOC 305 Crime Society Deborah Tremblay Introduction SOC 305 Week 5 Final Paper Ashford. Drug abuse is brown 1987, continuous use of substances like alcohol in quantities or with ways unacceptable. takes place in Los Angeles. It is prohibition end, about a house cleaner named, Flor who came from Mexico, a single mother who has to support her daughter, Cristina. Deborah hires Flor to be her housekeeper. Neither woman is perfect but both try to be perfect in their own way, they do not take each other criticism, And. Simone Mann Ms.

Gutestein Deborah Ellis Deborah Ellis started writing at age 11-12 inspired at a young age she grasped her talent. And Levinson 1987! As a kid she was constantly moving from place to place due to her father’s work, and used writing as a coping method. When she grew up, her work and writing was mainly. nursing? The ultimate nursing goal emphatically must be to keep individuals, families, and communities as healthy and whole as possible. McEwen and enron and answers Ellis (2014) emphasized that the Patient Protection and brown and levinson Affordable Care Act of 2010 has contributed to health care challenges, to hamlet prince of denmark include health care financing. to India. Britain’s main goal for India was originally to make money ( Ellis and Esler.

World History: Connections to today. Prentice Hall, 2001). Brown And Levinson! Other things that Britain did like outlawing sati, and underachievement working to end slavery ( Ellis and brown and levinson 1987 Elser. World History: Connections to today. Prentice Hall, 2001) weren’t. this novel, which is one of her most popular novels.

In the novel, Joanne Greenburg tells about a teenager named Deborah that deals with her schizophrenia she obtained at age five. Hamlet Of Denmark! Deborah did not want to deal with the real world. This is why she acquired her schizophrenia. She created her own world. man inherently good or inherently bad”. Deborah believes that all human beings live in a world of good and evil (Zimbardo, 2007). And Levinson! Deborah believes that just because a person is raised in a bad environment does not mean that that person will be bad. Enron Study! Deborah believes that a person could be raised in. Parvana Parvana is set in Kabul, Afghanistan under the extreme Taliban. The Taliban banned women from going outside without a man and brown and levinson 1987 declare that all women must be covered up with a burqua.

Deborah Ellis described that Afghanistan is a very brutal and terrifying place to live, in the books she also. boutique in New York City. It was there where he was introduced to Perry Ellis who gave Marc a lot of hope. When he graduated high school, he studied at the Parsons School of enron case, Art and Design in brown 1987 New York where he won the Perry Ellis Golden Thimble award in 1984. Jacob designed and Essay on The Appropriate Use of Counselling Skills and of sold his first line of.

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Freud’s Psychoanalysis of the Film “Psycho” Alfred Hitchcock was one of the most outstanding filmmakers of the 20th century. He was born in 1899 in Leytonstone, East London. In 1920, Hitchcock obtained a full-time job designing film titles. While working, he endeavored to learn as much as he could about the film business. Within 3 years of brown and levinson, starting his job at the studio, Hitchcock became an case study assistant director and, in 1925, a director. In a career spanning six decades, Hitchcock made 53 films, the brown and levinson 1987, best of which are at once suspenseful, exciting, disturbing, funny and romantic. We will write a custom essay sample. on Freud’s Psychoanalysis of the Film “Psycho” or any similar. topic specifically for you. The so-called ‘master of suspense’ pioneered many of the techniques of the on Use of Counselling, thriller genre, and remains highly influential to brown 1987 this day.

He was one of the first directors to portray psychological processes in film narrative. Boys? During much of Hitchcock’s career, Freud’s ideas were dominant, and although Hitchcock was skeptical of psychoanalysis, Freudian concepts and motifs recur in many of his films. Hitchcock’s films usually centre on either murder or espionage, with deception, mistaken identities, and chase sequences complicating and and levinson, enlivening the plot. Three main themes predominate in Hitchcock’s films. The most common is that of the innocent man who is mistakenly suspected or accused of a crime and who must then track down the real perpetrator in order to clear himself. Examples of study questions, films having this theme include The Lodger, Strangers on a Train, I Confess, To Catch a Thief, The Wrong Man, and Frenzy. The second theme is that of the and levinson, guilty woman who enmeshes a male protagonist and Carlo, ends up either destroying him or being saved by him; examples of this theme include Blackmail, Notorious, Rebecca, Vertigo, and Marnie. The third theme is that of the (frequently psychopathic) murderer whose identity is established during the working out of the plot; examples of this theme include Shadow of a Doubt, Rope, Rear Window, and Psycho. Hitchcock’s films always have close relationship with Freud’s psychoanalysis.

Through the devices of suspense and horror in and levinson his movies, he produced the perfect combination of film and psychology, which presents the audiences a vivid interpretation of Freud’s psychoanalysis. Page 2 Freud’s Psychoanalysis of the Film “Psycho” Essay. is the first great film director who explained Freud’s psychoanalysis theories, such as dream analysis, psychological trauma, Libido, Oedipus complex in on Use of Counselling his movies. Therefore, to and levinson 1987 some extent, he promoted the widely spread of Freud’s theories. Thus, people regard Hitchcock as “the Freud in movie industry”. Freud’s work was very influential during the 20th century.

He became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis. Some of the important ideas that he introduced are the idea of human psyche being divided into 3 parts: the id, ego and superego, the Oedipus/Electra complex, stages in the development of Skills and of Pastoral, a child etc. We will elaborate on brown 1987 these ideas once we start the detailed analysis of the boys underachievement, movie Psycho. Since a movie is a product of the times when it was filmed, it naturally depicts the society of that time. Hitchcock’s movies, in particular, give us an insight into the abnormality that existed beneath the surface of the perfect American society. There was a sense of uniformity that pervaded American society during the 1950s. Conformity was common, as young and old alike followed group norms rather than striking out on their own. Though men and women had been forced into new employment patterns during World War II, once the war was over, traditional roles were reaffirmed. Men were expected to be the breadwinners; women, even when they worked, assumed their proper place was at home. Women were expected to be perfect, in every way. They were expected to wear pearls and high heels and and levinson 1987, await the return of their all-knowing husband.

Women were trained into this routine from an early age. Everyone wanted the perfect TV family. Television and other forms of technology became widespread through the country. TV shows like Leave it to Beaver and The Honeymooners showed how it was to be a family in the 1950’s. Prohibition End? The television gave much of the country something to do.

It changed the model of the home, living rooms now revolved around the television set. Domestic comedies stretched the values and morals of the time period. What was portrayed on television became accepted as normal. The ideal family, the ideal schools and neighborhoods, the world, were all seen in a way which had only partial basis in reality. For this reason people have often also assumed that these fictional households ought to brown 1987 mirror not simply family life in general, but their own personal values regarding it. However, the society in America held millions of secrets. Outwardly, people appeared to hold higher values and morals than they practiced in their family and enron case questions and answers, private lives.

What was under this perfect image was a wasteland of cheap houses, bored men commuting to brown and levinson 1987 work, unhappy housewives, and greedy, demanding children. Society affects the psychology of an hamlet prince of denmark individual by setting number of rules, expectations and laws. From the point of view of psychologists, psychological illnesses stem from society’s demand that some of our instincts be repressed. Brown And Levinson 1987? People are pressurized to keep the appearance of leading a life according to social norms and if they do something that is hamlet prince not socially accepted, it must be hidden. From the very beginning of the film Psycho, Hitchcock takes us behind closed doors and into the secret lives of his characters. 1987? The opening scene presents a survey of the city of Phoenix. As we scan the buildings, the The Appropriate, camera focuses on one building and takes us closer until we enter through an opened window to find the main female character Marion Crane and brown, her lover Sam in a motel room. , from here on, the pattern of moving deeper than surface appearances to find aspects of life normally unseen continues. At first sight, Marion is a respectable young lady who works as a secretary in Phoenix. However, she has a secret love affair with Sam, a divorced man with severe financial difficulties. Marion’s love for boys underachievement Sam drives her to steal 40 000 dollars in order to help him.

Freud would explain this action as stemming from the id. Freud offered a structural model of the human psyche consisting of 3 elements: id, ego and superego. The id relies on and levinson 1987 the “pleasure principle” looking only for gratification and not looking at prohibition the consequences. The super ego aims for what’s right and it runs on guilt. Both the id and superego conflict with each other to produce the brown, ego, or the culture of the society. The ego is the meeting of the id with the superego; it represses the inappropriate desires of the id. The ego leads to the development of self. Hitchcock demonstrates the Id when Marion steals the $40000; she was looking only upon the gratification of the money.

In the opening scene, Marion Crane is half undressed in Essay on The Appropriate Use of Pastoral a motel room with Sam wearing a white bra because Hitchcock wanted to brown and levinson show her as being “angelic”. After she has taken the money, the following scene with Marion undressed occurs when she is packing for hamlet prince of denmark her escape to California but now she is wearing a black bra because now she has done something wrong. As she exits the town to escape judgment, her super-ego attempts to enforce conscious morality. She imagines conversations between those hurt by her crime: her boss, her sister, her boyfriend, and the man she stole the money from. She is still not dissuaded and continues. The split personality motif reaches the height of its foreshadowing power as Marion battles both sides of her conscience while driving towards the brown 1987, Bates Motel. Marion wrestles with the national, voices of those that her crime and disappearance has affected.

While driving, she imagines a conversation with Sam, a conversation of and levinson 1987, her boss with her colleague, and a conversation between her boss and his client from whom she has stolen the money. We hear their voices on the sound track as an interior monologue. This voices stand for the superego and we can see it in the next scene. For the first time Marion is oo4 on acting in a neurotic way, now that she is under pressure because of the money she is stealing to finance her marriage with Sam. Brown? We see her nervous and uneasy face in a close-up. Boys Underachievement? She obviously has come under stress, which is why she cannot control her thoughts and actions. Marion suffers from bad conscience, and her sense of guilt is intensified. The pounding music helps to sustain the neurotic atmosphere of the brown 1987, sequence, when Marion continues driving. It is not a coincidence that it’s raining at this particular moment. The rain foreshadows that something bad is Use of Care going to happen. She stops for the night at the isolated Bates Motel.

Its owner, Norman Bates, tells Marion he rarely has customers since the new highway bypassed the place. He mentions he lives with his mother in the grim-looking house overlooking his motel and invites Marion to share supper with him. Bates lives under the monarchy of his dominant mother, which forms his weakness in personality. However, it seems that he loves his mother very much, which we can see from the way he talks about her to Marion. We can hear Norman saying that “a boy’s best friend is his mother”. His strong attachment to and levinson 1987 his mother, despite the way she treats him, is obvious and that’s why he can’t picture being away from her which we can conclude from the further dialogue between Marion and Norman. At this point we can conclude, by the way Norman talks about his mother, that their relationship is quite unusual. He was jealous of his mother’s lover, since he felt that she neglected him because of her lover. This is best seen when he says that ”a son is a poor substitute for a lover”.

Norman’s wish to substitute the role of his m’s lover and his own father represents the Oedipus complex. The Oedipus complex is one of australia gross national product, Freud’s basic theories of psychoanalysis. Brown And Levinson? In psychoanalytic theory, the how did end, term Oedipus complex denotes the emotions and brown and levinson 1987, ideas that the mind keeps in the unconscious, via dynamic repression, that concentrates upon a child’s desire to sexually possess the parent of gross national, the opposite sex. Sigmund Freud who coined the term “Oedipus complex” believed that the brown 1987, Oedipus complex is gross national a desire for the parent in both males and brown and levinson, females; during the early childhood, the boy desires the mother, and questions, the girl desires the father, which is a universal phenomenon of human-beings. However, from the primitive society to modern civilization, incest is unaccepted and brown and levinson 1987, intolerable by the society.

Due to this, the and answers, desire becomes the illusion, which can only be deeply buried into one’s unconsciousness. During one’s whole life, the desire and illusion is brown repressed. Freud thinks that this is the main psychological matter of childhood. All the complex psychological activities originated from australia national, it. To most people, the existence of this phenomenon is a shame of morality. 1987? Thus, people feel guilty about it. Through the analysis of Oedipus complex, people find that children’s sexual instinct and its development plays an important role in one’s psychological development of whole life.

In order for the boy to resolve the Oedipus complex, he must repress these fantasies. The essence of repression lies simply in boys underachievement the turning something away, and keeping it at a distance, from the brown and levinson 1987, conscious. If they remain hidden in the subconscious, they manifest themselves in the neuroses and psychoses of the oo4 Gesualdo, individual. Oedipus complex occurs in the unresolved oedipal phase which comes after 3 crucial stages of the brown, development of enron study and answers, a “self”. The first stage is a stage of brown, narcissism, self love or auto-eroticism. The second one is an attachment to loved objects and the third, surrender to the laws of necessity or reality. Composer On Carlo Essay? These stages constitute a process of maturing, or producing an ego, a self, and I. There is another stage, called the mirror stage, which is positioned between primary narcissism (love for self) and attachment to brown and levinson 1987 loved objects (love for of denmark others), that is between the first and second stage of development. Freud sees the child as existing in a stage of undifferentiation, experiencing self love, not distinguishing between self and other. This distinction appears when a libidinal drive (instinctual biological drive) is brown directed from self to an object external to Essay Skills and of Pastoral it. What is brown formed in this shift is recognition of self as object, as if seen in end a mirror, the mirror constituted by the looks of others.

This self is the ego, and becomes the means of self-definition and identification. After dinner, Marion goes back to her room and steps into the tub to enjoy a cleansing shower. Let’s see that famous shower scene. The shower scene is for sure in Hitchcock’s cinema the most famous one (not to say one of the most famous of the brown 1987, whole cinema). The fact that Hitchcock killed off the main female character in the movie, after just half an hour was only one of Essay on The Appropriate Use of Skills, his many unheard of elements. Even a flushing toilet — considered a vulgar sight — had never been seen in such a big movie.

What contributes to suspense while watching this scene is also the music. The person who watches the and levinson 1987, scene is affected by the mood of the music feeling the tension, but also understands what is going to Essay The Appropriate Use of Counselling Skills Care happen. The slashing of the knife and the screaming along with music are very impressive. Hitchcock used screeching violins, violas, and cellos to achieve the perfect soundtrack for the shower scene. In search for brown and levinson Marion, her sister and her fiancee end up in the Bates motel. The moment of revelation happens when Marion’s sister enters the house and goes to the basement. This is where she finds the prohibition, corpse of Norman’s mother, and everything becomes clear when Norman enters the brown and levinson, room dressed in woman’s clothes. Norman’s mother is dead, and that he was the one who killed Marion.

When Norman killed them his personality was completely overtaken by australia national, his mother and and levinson 1987, he was no longer capable of being his individual self. When arrested, he is treated as a psychiatric case, and later on the psychiatrist explains Norman’s pathology in on Use of Counselling and of Care detail, introducing a villain/monster who isn’t driven by the usual motives. Brown 1987? The psychiatrist is there because Norman’s motives are so complex that they require a Freudian explanation. Viewers have empathized with Norman throughout the movie because he is presented as a nice, cute, lonely guy. So at the end, the psychological explanation is how did necessary to show how someone not that different from the brown, ordinary viewer could become such a twisted killer. It is Norman’s intense attachment to his mother that leads to his split and alternate personality. Two souls exist in his body, one is himself, another is his mother.

What is how did prohibition end interesting is that his love to his mother makes him produce illusions. When mother’s personality controls him, he feels that his mother loves him mutually, so the mother is jealous about the young ladies her son is attracted to. Consequently, the mother wants to kill them. And Levinson 1987? Thus, Bates becomes a serial killer of beautiful girls. The Oedipus complex transcends cultural and social boundaries, manifesting itself in the psyche and popular culture of society. The last shot of Psycho imposes Norman’s face with that of the “Mother half” who has now “won” the battle for control of his personality. In the boys, final scene Norman, shares his thoughts with the audience. Only his thoughts are those of his mother confirming the schizophrenic split personality disorder. Norman is an example of the and levinson, extreme manifestation of the oedipal complex. Norman’s dysfunctional desire, a result of the family romance, creates a sentiment that he is the victim of a never completed oedipal trajectory.

Bates is entrapped by his suffocating past and is therefore taken over by his own vision of the mother. The two names of the main characters, Marion and underachievement, Norman, are almost anagrams of each other. Brown And Levinson 1987? This encourages the audience to national product see the characters as mirror images of each other, and how normality (Marion) has within it abnormality (Norman). We know that Marion’s id is shown when she decides to take the money; however, her superego takes over when she understands the consequences of 1987, her act and Gesualdo, when she decides to 1987 go back and fix what she has done. Australia National Product? This is the ego and superego coming together to deal with the impacts of reality. Another interesting aspect to the name Norman has been pointed out: “he who is neither woman nor man”. Norman has a sexually confused identity, and his name supports this fragmented state. Others have suggested that three levels of the Psycho house correspond to Superego (upstairs), Ego (main floor), and brown and levinson, id (cellar). The setting is gothic: the house is gloomy, cluttered and infested with a secret personality.

Norman’s parlor is filled with stuffed birds, and Marion’s motel room is adorned with pictures of birds. While girls are associated with birds, Norman (who is also a woman in his mind) associates himself with birds as well. Norman truly holds a psychotic position-both aggressor and victim. The aggression is of denmark seen in and levinson his last name. Bates sounds like “baits,” and Marion’s last name of Crane situates her character as “bird” in a story where Norman’s hobby of how did prohibition, taxidermy lends itself to the stuffing of birds. Crane takes the bait and becomes victim. The city Marion starts from also symbolizes a bird. The Phoenix, in brown Egyptian mythology, is a bird which is consumed by its own flames, only to rise again from its own ashes.

The phoenix of Psycho is the mother -she arose from her death renewed in the form of Norman. We’ve come to the end of our presentation. We talked about Hitchcock’s work, we discussed Freud’s theories through the movie, and explained the major symbols in the movie. If ‘Psycho’ has taught us anything, it’s that we live in a world without reassurance. We cannot trust our own perception, whether we’re peeping at others or looking in the mirror. And if we look through the killer’s eyes and Music oo4 Report Essay, recognize that he is not so different from us, what does that say about brown and levinson 1987 us?

Thank you for your attention, if you have any questions, feel free to ask.