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apa research paper Writing a research paper in the 1920's APA format entails a lot of things, there are guidelines to Poverty Related Essay follow in the 1920's order to get your paper in Contrast Essay the exemplary research papers section. A well formatted APA research paper will earn you good marks in the 1920's some cases where you lax on your content. Chile Socialism! APA style research paper format is the most recommended method to use in an academic research paper. It has basic rules that students should follow, missing one step may lead to decrease in your mark. An APA style research paper always looks clean and gives the professor motivation to the 1920's go through it. Some of the professors are always keen to How is Poverty to Crime? check on the 1920's, the APA research paper format thus if not sure of vocabulary what to do seek assistance from the 1920's, your professor additionally you can look out for value surf 1 samples of the 1920's APA style research to vocabulary use. The 1920's! Basic facts students should know when using APA style of formatting. When writing your research paper always double space.
One-inch margins should be left at How is to Crime?, the top, bottom, right and left at every new page. Use parenthetical citations when citing other peoples work in the 1920's your research paper. Your reference page should have the maxis surf 1, citations made from other sources used in your research paper Where plays, films, novels books, chapters are included in your research paper remember to the 1920's underline them. Page numbering is How is Poverty Related to Crime? Essay, done at the 1920's, the top right hand corner of your research paper. Plagiarism in maxis value surf 1 your research paper. Lecturers are keen to the 1920's note any plagiarized paper from students. Twelth Characters! You can avoid plagiarism by simply citing the the 1920's, sources and including them in your reference page. In-text citations and rules to follow. When citing a source the Learning Experience Essay, author’s surname comes first followed by the year of publication.
After the year of publication, what follows is the cited/quoted authority. The 1920's! Use commas to separate your items in the citations. The Persistence Of Memory! In giving exact quotations, provide page numbers and use quotation marks. Here are some examples of in-text citations in the APA style format. The 1920's! · In his research on the effects of wearing a uniform at the college, Flemming (2010) showed that it contributed a lot to chile socialism the reduction of the 1920's student’s discrimination. · A recent research of the sparknotes, significance of wearing uniforms at the college shows that discrimination has been decreasing daily among the the 1920's, students.(Flemming ,2010) When using exact quotations. Twelth! · In his research on the 1920's, the significance of wearing uniforms at Learning examples, the college level, Flemming (2010, p.48) stated that discrimination among the the 1920's, peer pressure groups reduced by 70%. · In his research on twelth characters, the significance of the 1920's wearing uniforms at the college level, Flemming (2010) stated that discrimination among the peer pressure groups reduced by 70% and friendliness in vocabulary school increased by 50 %.( p.48) When using an the 1920's author who has been quoted in chile socialism another book or article, use the the 1920's, original authors surname and cite in parenthesis the chile socialism, source in which you found the quote. · True friendship never dies. As Wilson (1989) stated in Love Conquers All Odds, true friends will be at your side during tough times while fakes once leave (cited in polace, 1999, p.79) Examples when citing a work done by more than two authors. The 1920's! · (Flemming, Robertson and Kelly,1990) When citing work done by six authors and more, write only the first author followed by et. al.
The reference page comes as the last page of writer vocabulary your research paper and normally should start from the 1920's, a new page. Vocabulary! All items on the reference page are listed alphabetically and center the word “references”. When writing, use one-half inch indents on the fist line of your reference. The 1920's! In referencing your sources, the surname of the surf, author always comes first followed by the initial of the 1920's his first name, year of publication then an Experience Essay examples underlined title of the the 1920's, book. · Mackenzie, k. (1946) living in surf 1 the dark. The 1920's! The revolution in Of Presidential Campaign Positions Of McCain And Obama America (pp.788-800).united states of America. A book with no editor or author. · Guide to successful SEO. (1999)Bluefield court, New York: University of Cambridge. The author’s name comes first, followed by the year of publication and the title of the article without quotation marks.
Name of the journal should be capitalized including other major words. Volume number should be underlined and inclusive page numbers not preceded by p. The 1920's! or pp. Annamallyne, A. (1975). Leukemia on Increase. Adult Essay! American Journal of Public Health. 10. The 1920's! 387-30. Experience Examples! The author’s name comes first followed by the year and month of the 1920's publication.
The title of the article should not contain quotation marks. Underline and maxis value surf 1 capitalize the the 1920's, name of the Adult Learning Essay examples, magazine. Kevin, L. (1977, April). Taking back the the 1920's, streets. School Planning and Management. pp. 30-31. The author’s name comes first followed by the year and Adult Experience month of the 1920's publication. The title of the article should not contain quotation marks. Name of the magazine capitalized and underlined. Peter, C. (2010, September 12).
Inflation to increase by chile socialism 15%, Economists says. Business weekly. pp. The 1920's! A8, A9. A World Wide Web site reference contains. The Persistence Of Memory Parody! Author’s name, followed by the date of the 1920's publication. Title of the document. Title of the complete work in italics or underlined.
Availability of the sparknotes gatsby, document indicated by the word “available”. The URL and the 1920's the retrieval date. Clarkson, O. (2011). Of Presidential Campaign Positions And Obama! Business ethics .In Business Law [Online]. The 1920's! Available: http://www.biz.edu/college/MARY/ [2009, June 4].
Your research paper abstract should contain 80 to 120 words. In the abstract section you give a summary of the contents of your paper. In some cases an abstract may not be required in a research paper. You can now use the above guidelines in Adult Learning Experience writing an APA format research paper for the 1920's yourself. Start by the persistence of memory parody simply reading through the the 1920's, rules to avoid missing one bit since everything counts when formatting your research paper.
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Your Rheumatoid Arthritis Onset Stories, page 22. This is Lori’s onset of Rheumatoid Arthritis story, in her own words. My onset story fortunately is rather uneventful. We were on vacation in July 2010 in the 1920's the mountains in Utah. Chile Socialism! We had been white water rafting the day before; and when I woke up the the 1920's next morning I noticed my left little finger was sore. I figured I must have caught in on the rope or something else the day prior. The next morning, a couple more fingers were sore. Chile Socialism! Much like they had been pulled back too far. Again, we had been rafting, rock climbing, and doing so many things I figured I just didn’t remember hurting them. By the end of the week, all my fingers were sore swollen tight.
Still at this point, I was thinking it was the the 1920's high elevation, the 110 degree heat, or all the junk we were eating on vacation and just assumed when we got back home (Southern Coastal California) where it was cooler, it would go away. It didn’t. It progressively got worse. Night! Soon, every single morning every finger joint was tight, stiff puffy. I hit the internet and the 1920's did a couple Google searches: “tight stiff fingers morning” and the persistence every hit came up with the same diagnosis: Rheumatoid Arthritis. I was very busy in the fall in my personal life and the 1920's didn’t have time to twelth, go to the 1920's, my Dr. I finally went in November and walked in his office, presented the classic symptoms, and chile socialism told him I thought I had RA. My Dr. is awesome. He ran some labs confirmed what I already knew. He referred me to a rheumatologist in January 2011 who basically confirmed the RA and ruled out any additional autoimmune disorders.
That was it. The 1920's! I was very lucky. Chile Socialism! No running around. No rude, ignorant doctors. I’m very fortunate that everything was identified so quickly. My RA started in the 1920's my fingers in July 2010. It pretty much stayed there until January 2011.
Now it is March 2011 and I feel it in my right elbow, right knee, bilateral wrists, bilateral ankles, most of my toes. Chile Socialism! Every morning my fingers are the same and it takes several hours to get them working. The 1920's! Some days they loosen up, some days they don’t. But the rest of my joints seem to be hit randomly. I wake up and do a quick assessment of which ones seem to sparknotes gatsby, have been struck during the the 1920's night. So far, my RA has not been horribly painful. It is more of a tight, stiff, swollen feeling in most of my joints. My right knee and sparknotes the great right elbow tend of get fluid and also feel squishy but the pain is more annoying than painful. I am lucky. But the fatigue, now that is another story.
That is the the 1920's hardest part of chile socialism, adjusting to the 1920's, this disease for me. I was a person who could thrive on 5-6 hours of sleep. Now I need 10 hours, and often a nap. Writer Vocabulary! There are times that I can hardly wait to get home to lie down. That’s about it so far. I continue to think I am VERY lucky, especially after reading many others’ stories. This is Joanne’s onset of Rheumatoid Arthritis story, in her own words.
My name is Joanne. I’m 21 years old and I live in northern Ohio. My whole life I’ve been a very over-active person. Growing up on the 1920's, a farm with horses, dogs, cats and goats I had a lot of chores and stuff to do. I was always outside playing, running around, having fun. Throughout school, and high school I was always into running. Once high school started I ran track and cross country mainly focusing on track. I was one of the night top runners on our team all 4 years. I never had any kind of joint issues, sprained ankles, broken bones, nothing.
My body was as sturdy as an the 1920's ox. Twelth Characters! I was muscular and strong . Once I graduated in 2007 I continued to run, mainly running down back roads near my parents’ house. I was logging in around 7 miles a day, giving myself every Sunday to rest. In fall of 07 I started working at a horse training facility, helping out the trainer, feeding, caring, and riding the horses. I started noticed pain and a stinging in my hands after about a month of working there. I figured it was just because I was working long hours doing hard work. So, I shrugged it off. The 1920's! Then my left thumb started swelling up, which I thought was odd because I had never stubbed it or even hurt it for that matter. So I said something to my doctor about it but she said it could just be I stubbed it and didn’t even notice it, keep moving it and the swelling should go down. Well, it didn’t. Over the How is Related next few years I started to slow down on the running, and everything else for the 1920's, that matter.
I wanted to of memory parody, run, but I just couldn’t. I thought that was very odd, but once again, I shrugged it off. I was running only a few times a week now. Logging in only about 15 miles a week. I was just so tired all the time.
So I told my doctor, she said it was most likely from the 1920's, my depression (I was diagnosed when I was 16 and How is Related to Crime? had been on the 1920's, Zoloft since). Okay, I’ll take that. Then in the great 2010, everything went downhill. It was like a smack in the face. In June of 2010 I started having pain in my feet and ankles.
Not normal pain, not the “I must have sprained something” kind of pain. This pain was a stinging kind of the 1920's, pain; it felt like I had needles poking every inch of my feet and ankles. I started not being able to walk in the mornings, taking 3 minutes just to How is Poverty, get down the the 1920's stairs. The Persistence! And I could not even run!! And when I tried, I would fall because my feet could not handle it.
My hands started to swell up and the 1920's ache all over. I couldn’t even bend my left thumb any more, it was frozen stiff. It hurt to gatsby, write, type, open doors, turn on facets, open cans and milk jugs. Everything was a challenge. So I told my mother, who herself has Rheumatoid Arthritis. It never even crossed my mind that I could have that. I’m 21 years old, I can’t get arthritis.
No way, I’m too active. She said I needed to see a rheumatologist. The 1920's! My aunt was diagnosed with JRA when she was 12 so I figured okay, maybe its RA…but it probably isn’t . Chile Socialism! I could not get in the 1920's till November; it was already July and things just kept getting worse. I took the fall off from school because I felt like I couldn’t give what I needed to. There were days when I could not even get out of bed because I didn’t want to walk, I didn’t want to even move.
I just wanted to lie in Contrast Essay my bed where I was safe. My fatigue just kept getting worse, and it wasn’t helping my depression. Luckily I had a new man in my life who helped me keep my head up and brought new meaning to everything. The 1920's! But my RA continued to hurt, continued to take away everything from writer vocabulary, me, bit by bit. Once November came around I was very bitter and the 1920's angry because of the the great gatsby pain I was in. The 1920's! The doctor ran some blood tests, took x-rays of my hands and Related to Crime? Essay feet. And everything came back positive to having RA. Everything was off the charts I remember, the tests and stuff are blurry to the 1920's, me but I just remember my doctor telling me “Joanne, you have severe Rheumatoid Arthritis.” My heart stopped. WHAT? I’m 21 years old I can’t have this ! I’m a runner, I lift, and I work out all the time. How can this happen?
He told me that it was because it ran in my family. I had the Rheumatoid factor. There was no way to prevent me from getting this disease. Gatsby! But he promised me by April I will be able to run like I used to again, so I was happy, for the most part. He put me on methotrexate, a drug known to slow down the progression of RA – 8 of them, once a week. It’s now March and the 1920's I feel hardly any difference from when I wasn’t on chile socialism, the pills. Since the beginning of 2011, my right knee has been affected, swelling, pain, stiffness, and the 1920's my left elbow is Contrast Campaign Positions And Obama Essay, showing signs along with my right wrist. I keep going back to my rheumatologist explaining to him that the meds are not doing anything. He just says to wait . I’ve been on Naproxen and it did not do a thing. I was on Vicodin for pain, which didn’t really do much. Now he has me on Tramadol, which seems to help a little.
I don’t take it every day though because it gives me a ‘buzz’. The 1920's! So instead I take it every weekend before bed in hopes I can get some relief the next day. But it usually results in me staying up all night due to the insomnia the Tramadol causes. Chile Socialism! I have yet to really find some good pain relief besides hot presses and hot baths. The 1920's! The meds also mess with my appetite.
I went from writer, 135 to 123 in the 1920's less than a month. I mainly force myself to eat, but it’s a daily struggle . I’m still healthy looking which is the persistence parody, good, but it’s starting to scare me. I went from a 6 to the 1920's, a 4 now. And I’m already a small person, only standing at 5’2 ?. Plus not working out like used to has caused my muscle mass to decrease drastically, which makes me very, very sad. Twelth Night! I no longer have the muscular build I used to. I’m seeing a physical therapist now also, in the 1920's hopes she can help me get back some normalcy in my life. I hope the methotrexate kicks in, I want to be put on sparknotes the great, other meds also, but my rheumatologist says to keep waiting. I’ve been trying to see other doctors, but the the 1920's waiting lists are months long. And I feel while I’m waiting this disease is having a blast taking over all my joints. Luckily I have a great support group, my boyfriend, my close friends, and my family.
Since being diagnosed with RA, I’ve done countless hours of twelth night, research and found out that I’m not alone. Sites like this make it easier to the 1920's, live with this disease; I don’t feel so alone any more. Writer Vocabulary! Even though this disease has taken away so much from me, I feel like it’s given me something, and that’s learning to overcome obstacles, whatever they may be. I’m glad I found this site and the 1920's I hope my story can help others as much as this site and reading other peoples’ stories has helped me. This is Brenda’s onset of Contrast Campaign Of McCain, Rheumatoid Arthritis story, in her own words. Here is my story- thanks and the 1920's kudos to the persistence of memory, you for such a great site. Your blog has become so much more. It is the 1920's, a source of writer, inspiration to many. Your FB page is also a great avenue for those who suffer from RA – what a great service you have provided and created.
Truly as a former forum on RA I understand the challenges you face. You have done a superb job. Last week after my Orencia infusion, where it took over an hour to find a vein that would give blood in addition to IV therapy. I took to the internet to try and diagnose myself. I have done this numerous times in the past 7 years. In addition to the bloodless veins, I have been having a tough time with my neck. You may be familiar with some of my symptoms, knife stabbing eyeball pain radiating from the the 1920's rib cage upwards through the shoulder to the neck- a masseuse’ nightmare- muscles and tendons so tight they feel like a rock, alternating from the right to the left side for the past 3 months. After 40 minutes of research, it dawned on night characters, me that my Reynaud’s disease was active again. The 1920's! Sadly years later there still is limited information. I was however, very excited to twelth characters, find the RA Warrior site. The 1920's! What a delightful informative site.
You see, in 2007 I started my own RA Forum, after having had bad experiences on several other forums that seemed to attract trouble. It was a great place, we had only twelth characters 25 members. We shared daily events, new information. The 1920's! Mostly it was a place to connect, knowing the other members could relate to the insanity we all were thrown into once being diagnosed for RA and other autoimmune diseases. Twelth! One day my best RA friend who helped me run the forum died.
Laurie was a wonderful woman, who was unable to use most RA drugs and suffered complications from prednisone and died suddenly. Everyone on the site was affected by her passing and the 1920's gradually the board to Of Presidential Positions, disappeared. I was born with a birth defect, leaving me deaf in my left ear and with what is called a rye neck (similar to torticolis). I have had a lifetime of neck and back problems accompanied by severe headaches. The 1920's! I was also diagnosed with juvenile arthritis.
I was able to combat these problems with chiropractic, aspirin and ibuprofen. Related To Crime? Essay! In 2001 while on vacation my husband had a heart attack. We were in a small town in the 1920's Colorado and How is Poverty Essay he had to the 1920's, be medivaced out. In 2004 my son was diagnosed with Hodgkin’s. When they say trauma often leads to full blown RA –well for me they weren’t joking. I opened an Internet Cafe and Espresso Shop in May of 2004, and in late October my foot felt as if it was broken. Several days later I went to the ER. The doctor there said I had fluid in my toe joints. He recommended I see a specialist- a rheumatologist.
My heart sank. My GP had just done a third blood test. Related! The initial results indicated Lupus. My father and the 1920's grandmother both battled RA. Within a week both my feet and hands were “broken.” Within 2 weeks I was seen by a RA doctor, who confirmed, along with my last blood tests that indeed I had RA. He said my Rheumatoid factor and CCP results were off the chart. Of Memory Parody! He noted that X-rays confirmed RA activity. The 1920's! He wanted to put me on Enbrel as soon as possible. My insurance company disagreed. He put me on steroids and MTX, several weeks later I thought I was having diarrhea, only to discover the gatsby toilet full of blood.
The first of the 1920's, many allergy reactions I would experience over the years to How is Essay, numerous NSAIDs, and the 1920's RA drugs. Over the next 2 years, my doctor and insurance company argued. My doctor finally beat the insurance company, but he had to turn me over to a different doctor. The University Hospital agreed to administer my Enbrel shot twice a week. It was crazy, but it was better than being bed-ridden. I spent 4 months unable to care for myself. I was so embarrassed, humiliated, despondent during that time of my life. Because I looked “great” it was hard to chile socialism, explain why I was no longer able to work, to accomplish even simple tasks. I began to the 1920's, think maybe it was in Poverty to Crime? Essay my head.
Maybe I was wanting sympathy because my husband and son were ill. I applied for Social Security Disability and closed my business. In 2007 with the help of an attorney I was finally approved. I did not know whether to laugh or cry when the letter arrived. My attorney had requested a special hearing. The letter was an inch thick. The 1920's! There was one paragraph that sticks in my mind – the judge gave the most credence to my GP who had spent 10 years trying to figure out twelth night characters what was wrong with me. She said she could not believe that I continued trying to work, continued to have a positive attitude, despite the the 1920's debilitation that had occurred over Campaign Positions And Obama the years from RA, Fibromyalgia, Reynauds. It has taken 5 years for me to begin to feel like I might just be able to live with this disease. This summer I was diagnosed with Psoriatic Arthritis (just another pain in the- well you know).
With the help of biologics, numerous doctors, my husband and son I am able to walk today. I do not think I will ever be able to resume the life I had. The 1920's! I will never regain that sharp mind, the quick wit, the never ending energy to parody, work 16 hours a day, 7 days a week. That Brenda is gone. But the the 1920's new Brenda is going to Contrast Campaign Positions Essay, be okay. I tell myself that every day. The 1920's! At night I lie in writer vocabulary bed and thank God for giving me another day, and ask him to the 1920's, find a cure for all who suffer from auto-immune diseases. I know there is the persistence of memory, no going back. I know that we all would change things in our lives if we could. But somehow there is a larger part of me that realizes that this too, this insane disease was given to me for a reason I will never know.
That it too is a part of my journey. So I just keep on trudging, keep on the 1920's, keeping on and each day I find something else to be grateful for amidst the RA insanity. This is Morgan’s onset of Rheumatoid Arthritis story, in her own words. Hi my name is sparknotes gatsby, Morgan. I am 70 years old, and live in WA State. I was officially diagnosed with RA by a doctor in October of 2006. For years, every doctor who saw me ran tests for RA, and Lupus; results were negative for the 1920's, both the Rheumatoid factor and Lupus, so it was decided I must have fibromyalgia. But let me start at the beginning…as a child, my excruciating leg pains were called “growing pains,” and in my teens my blurred vision was treated with reading glasses for “dry, tired eyes.” I said “these glasses don’t help” and my parents were told “It’s in parody her imagination;” an the 1920's ophthalmologist later checked them and discovered they were “No more than window glass.” At the same time I began complaining of a ‘choking’ feeling, and of memory could not tolerate the weight of a string of the 1920's, pearls at the base of my throat, or any garment that had a small neck.
In nursing college, my anatomy instructor used me as an example for the class to see “an enlarged” thyroid gland. My complaints were scoffed at by my parents, and I never saw a doctor. Married to an active duty Air Force Pilot, in my twenties, I was finally diagnosed with hypothyroidism, as a result of the viral infection known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, which compromises the thyroid gland’s ability to Related to Crime?, function; I was started on complete replacement therapy with Synthroid. During this time I had several startling, but mild, experiences of the 1920's, numbness and tingling over my entire body, followed by painful feet and hands, but it never lasted very long, and got no more than fleeting attention from me. Then, one day, I was awakened by the persistence of memory parody, sharp pain in my right shoulder that took weeks to the 1920's, go away. I decided it was from carrying too heavy a load when gardening, or picking up my toddler…and then, it did go away, so why mention it to chile socialism, anyone? We were living overseas for a time, and a difficult pregnancy brought us back to the states earlier than planned. The 1920's! After the birth of the next two daughters, for months after each one, my knees were painful and worst of all, not quite trustworthy coming down stairs. Many times I would sit down in the middle of the stairs, afraid I would fall with an infant in my arms. How Is Poverty! The civilian doctor I had at the 1920's the time decided to twelth, test. He did not say what for, but I had to return for results.
At that time he commented, “Well, you don’t have Lupus,” and I was startled enough for the 1920's, him to add that even if I did have Lupus, “People are living much longer with it today than they used to; I really think you might have a condition where you are allergic to your own body.” Now, bless his heart, does that sound like a suggestion of RA without saying it? A long time later I was able to get chart copies and saw that he had also tested for RA… but I am seronegative. Other doctors down through the writer years have done the same thing in the same way, all without honestly facing me and the 1920's telling me what they suspected. Sparknotes The Great! Why? Why are so many Internists (GP’s seem to the 1920's, call themselves this today; I do not know if all of them are qualified to claim that title or not) averse to diagnosing a condition whose signs and symptoms are so well known, and sharing it with the patient? Over the next ten years, there were many in the persistence parody and out of remission experiences, some of them quite bad. I was forced to discontinue Water Aerobics (which I loved) when my knees swelled up like Nerf footballs.
I wrapped them and stayed home with the kids. I think I must be really fortunate that there were so many times of remission, or I would be in worse shape than I am now. One day I woke up and could not turn over, the the 1920's pain was so bad. Every joint in my body was screaming, and the pain and the fatigue were so intense that I was reduced to a fetal position for days at twelth a time. I called the doctor, but could not drive the car to get in to see him. When I did, he tested for Lyme disease, but by the time he tested I would have been in the 1920's the second or third phase of the disease and tested negative. (Yes I did have a bite from something while visiting in writer vocabulary S Dakota 4 months before, with a bulls eye rash et all, but I was the only one who had seen it.) Then he refused anything for pain other than Tylenol “because you will become an addict.” This is the doc who finally X-rayed an ankle that hurt so constantly and severely that I wondered if there was a fracture—it showed nothing abnormal. He finally referred me to the 1920's, a rheumatologist who diagnosed Fibromyalgia, stated firmly that he did not think I had RA, and started me on Plaquinel and Effexor, and left town. Of Presidential Of McCain Essay! Permanently.
It took me seven years to find another rheumatologist who would take patients on military insurance. The 1920's! Two weeks to find another GP. By this time, I began to request an Contrast Of Presidential Of McCain MRI; no luck, no comment, just ignored; until I began falling down. I was having so much trouble walking a straight line, and the 1920's then boom, no sense of balance; and the migraines of my youth were back in force. Twelth Night! I had green and the 1920's purple bruises on both knees, I fell in characters the garden and chipped my front teeth (didn’t even know I had hit them that hard).
Finally, I was referred to a Neurologist who ordered a head MRI, then put me on a very strong med for what he termed “uncommon migraine,” and I nearly died from an interaction with the Effexor and Plaquinel I was on. Thank God for an alert pharmacist. Next thing I knew I woke up one morning in 2007, and couldn’t walk; the the 1920's pain in my lower back, at L- 4/5, and sparknotes the great gatsby down my right leg were excruciating. The 1920's! A new neurologist discovered congenital narrowing of the spine and trapped nerves complicated by arthritic damage to the bone. This was confirmed by more x-rays and vocabulary the extensive MRIs done by the 1920's, the 2nd rheumy which showed moderate to severe damage typical of RA. Vocabulary! Voila! All these years and they finally do an MRI at 69 years of age …Well, the surgery was a success; I have not had the spinal pain and nerve pain since, I now have rods in by back, so I hope I do not need any more MRIs. My dear neurosurgeon has moved to another state, so I hope I do not need that kind of help again, and I saw a new rheumatologist two weeks ago. He decided to, “Treat your fibromyalgia first.” (Sound familiar?) “…Before we treat the RA.” Now I am in the process of increasing Lyrica, 50 mg up to the 1920's, four a day. Parody! If I had ‘balance’ problems before, you should see me now. The 1920's! And brain fog?
I am reluctant to sparknotes, drive, which means being totally isolated until I see what this stuff does to me after I reach the full dose and have been on it a while. I hope my story can help others comprehend the effects of autoimmune diseases. The 1920's! It’s been 7 1/2 years since my RA diagnosis, and Related I am still seeking ways to the 1920's, deal with it. Twelth Characters! I accept the fact of the disease, I Just need to stay creative in the 1920's how I deal with the Contrast Positions And Obama limitations.
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Nov 16, 2017 The 1920's,
The Times's Dealings With Julian Assange. This past June, Alan Rusbridger, the editor of the 1920's The Guardian, phoned me and asked, mysteriously, whether I had any idea how to arrange a secure communication. Not really, I confessed. The Times doesn’t have encrypted phone lines, or a Cone of Contrast Campaign Positions Silence. Well then, he said, he would try to speak circumspectly. In a roundabout way, he laid out an the 1920's unusual proposition: an organization called WikiLeaks, a secretive cadre of antisecrecy vigilantes, had come into possession of a substantial amount of classified United States government communications.
WikiLeaks’s leader, Julian Assange, an eccentric former computer hacker of Australian birth and Of Presidential Campaign Positions, no fixed residence, offered The Guardian half a million military dispatches from the the 1920's battlefields of sparknotes the great gatsby Afghanistan and Iraq. There might be more after that, including an immense bundle of the 1920's confidential diplomatic cables. Gatsby! The Guardian suggested — to increase the impact as well as to share the labor of handling such a trove — that The New York Times be invited to share this exclusive bounty. The source agreed. Was I interested? I was interested. The adventure that ensued over the 1920's, the next six months combined the cloak-and-dagger intrigue of handling a vast secret archive with the more mundane feat of sorting, searching and night, understanding a mountain of the 1920's data. As if that were not complicated enough, the project also entailed a source who was elusive, manipulative and volatile (and ultimately openly hostile to The Times and The Guardian); an international cast of journalists; company lawyers committed to keeping us within the bounds of the night characters law; and an array of the 1920's government officials who sometimes seemed as if they couldn’t decide whether they wanted to twelth night, engage us or arrest us. The 1920's! By the end of the year, the story of this wholesale security breach had outgrown the story of the actual contents of the secret documents and generated much breathless speculation that something — journalism, diplomacy, life as we know it — had profoundly changed forever. Soon after Rusbridger’s call, we sent Eric Schmitt, from our Washington bureau, to London. Schmitt has covered military affairs expertly for chile socialism years, has read his share of classified military dispatches and the 1920's, has excellent judgment and an unflappable demeanor.
His main assignment was to get a sense of the material. Contrast Of Presidential Campaign Positions Of McCain Essay! Was it genuine? Was it of public interest? He would also report back on the proposed mechanics of our collaboration with The Guardian and the German magazine Der Spiegel, which Assange invited as a third guest to his secret smorgasbord. Schmitt would also meet the WikiLeaks leader, who was known to a few Guardian journalists but not to us. Schmitt’s first call back to The Times was encouraging.
There was no question in his mind that the Afghanistan dispatches were genuine. They were fascinating — a diary of a troubled war from the ground up. And there were intimations of more to come, especially classified cables from the entire constellation of American diplomatic outposts. WikiLeaks was holding those back for now, presumably to see how this venture with the establishment media worked out. Over the next few days, Schmitt huddled in a discreet office at The Guardian, sampling the trove of war dispatches and discussing the complexities of this project: how to organize and study such a voluminous cache of information; how to securely transport, store and share it; how journalists from three very different publications would work together without compromising their independence; and how we would all assure an appropriate distance from Julian Assange.
We regarded Assange throughout as a source, not as a partner or collaborator, but he was a man who clearly had his own agenda. By the time of the meetings in the 1920's, London, WikiLeaks had already acquired a measure of international fame or, depending on your point of view, notoriety. Shortly before I got the call from The Guardian, The New Yorker published a rich and colorful profile of Assange, by How is Poverty to Crime? Raffi Khatchadourian, who had embedded with the the 1920's group. Night Characters! WikiLeaks’s biggest coup to that point was the release, last April, of video footage taken from one of two U.S. The 1920's! helicopters involved in characters, firing down on a crowd and a building in Baghdad in the 1920's, 2007, killing at least 18 people. While some of the people in the video were armed, others gave no indication of menace; two were in fact journalists for the persistence the news agency Reuters.
The video, with its soundtrack of callous banter, was horrifying to watch and was an embarrassment to the 1920's, the U.S. military. But in its zeal to make the writer video a work of the 1920's antiwar propaganda, WikiLeaks also released a version that didn’t call attention to an Iraqi who was toting a rocket-propelled grenade and packaged the manipulated version under the tendentious rubric “Collateral Murder.” (See the edited and non-edited videos here.) Throughout our dealings, Assange was coy about where he obtained his secret cache. But the suspected source of the video, as well as the military dispatches and the diplomatic cables to come, was a disillusioned U.S. Chile Socialism! Army private first class named Bradley Manning, who had been arrested and was being kept in solitary confinement. On the fourth day of the the 1920's London meeting, Assange slouched into characters, The Guardian office, a day late. Schmitt took his first measure of the man who would be a large presence in our lives. “He’s tall — probably 6-foot-2 or 6-3 — and lanky, with pale skin, gray eyes and a shock of white hair that seizes your attention,” Schmitt wrote to me later. “He was alert but disheveled, like a bag lady walking in off the street, wearing a dingy, light-colored sport coat and cargo pants, dirty white shirt, beat-up sneakers and filthy white socks that collapsed around his ankles.
He smelled as if he hadn’t bathed in days.” Assange shrugged a huge backpack off his shoulders and pulled out a stockpile of laptops, cords, cellphones, thumb drives and memory sticks that held the WikiLeaks secrets. The reporters had begun preliminary work on the 1920's the Afghanistan field reports, using a large Excel spreadsheet to organize the material, then plugging in search terms and Contrast Of Presidential Campaign Essay, combing the documents for newsworthy content. They had run into a puzzling incongruity: Assange said the data included dispatches from the beginning of 2004 through the end of the 1920's 2009, but the material on the spreadsheet ended abruptly in April 2009. A considerable amount of material was missing. Assange, slipping naturally into the role of chile socialism office geek, explained that they had hit the limits of Excel. Open a second spreadsheet, he instructed.
They did, and the rest of the data materialized — a total of 92,000 reports from the battlefields of Afghanistan. The reporters came to think of Assange as smart and well educated, extremely adept technologically but arrogant, thin-skinned, conspiratorial and oddly credulous. At lunch one day in the 1920's, The Guardian’s cafeteria, Assange recounted with an air of great conviction a story about the archive in Germany that contains the files of the former Communist secret police, the Stasi. This office, Assange asserted, was thoroughly infiltrated by writer vocabulary former Stasi agents who were quietly destroying the documents they were entrusted with protecting. The Der Spiegel reporter in the group, John Goetz, who has reported extensively on the Stasi, listened in amazement. That’s utter nonsense, he said.
Some former Stasi personnel were hired as security guards in the 1920's, the office, but the records were well protected. Assange was openly contemptuous of the Contrast Of Presidential And Obama Essay American government and certain that he was a hunted man. He told the reporters that he had prepared a kind of doomsday option. He had, he said, distributed highly encrypted copies of the 1920's his entire secret archive to a multitude of supporters, and if WikiLeaks was shut down, or if he was arrested, he would disseminate the key to make the information public. Schmitt told me that for all Assange’s bombast and the persistence, dark conspiracy theories, he had a bit of Peter Pan in the 1920's, him.
One night, when they were all walking down the street after dinner, Assange suddenly started skipping ahead of the group. Schmitt and Goetz stared, speechless. Then, just as suddenly, Assange stopped, got back in How is Poverty Related to Crime? Essay, step with them and returned to the conversation he had interrupted. For the rest of the the 1920's week Schmitt worked with David Leigh, The Guardian’s investigations editor; Nick Davies, an Contrast Of Presidential Essay investigative reporter for the paper; and Goetz, of the 1920's Der Spiegel, to organize and sort the material. With help from two of The Times’s best computer minds — Andrew Lehren and Aron Pilhofer — they figured out how to Of Presidential Positions Of McCain And Obama Essay, assemble the material into the 1920's, a conveniently searchable and secure database.
Journalists are characteristically competitive, but the group worked well together. They brainstormed topics to explore and exchanged search results. Der Spiegel offered to check the the persistence logs against incident reports submitted by the 1920's the German Army to its Parliament — partly as story research, partly as an additional check on authenticity. Assange provided us the night characters data on the condition that we not write about the 1920's, it before specific dates that WikiLeaks planned on characters posting the documents on a publicly accessible Web site. The Afghanistan documents would go first, after we had a few weeks to search the material and write our articles. The larger cache of Iraq-related documents would go later. Such embargoes — agreements not to publish information before a set date — are commonplace in journalism. Everything from studies in medical journals to the annual United States budget is released with embargoes. They are a constraint with benefits, the principal one being the chance to actually read and reflect on the material before publishing it into public view. As Assange surely knew, embargoes also tend to build suspense and amplify a story, especially when multiple news outlets broadcast it at the 1920's once. The embargo was the only condition WikiLeaks would try to impose on the great gatsby us; what we wrote about the material was entirely up to us.
Much later, some American news outlets reported that they were offered last-minute access to WikiLeaks documents if they signed contracts with financial penalties for early disclosure. The Times was never asked to sign anything or to pay anything. For WikiLeaks, at least in this first big venture, exposure was its own reward. Back in the 1920's, New York we assembled a team of reporters, data experts and Campaign Positions Of McCain Essay, editors and quartered them in an out-of-the-way office. Andrew Lehren, of our computer-assisted-reporting unit, did the first cut, searching terms on his own or those suggested by the 1920's other reporters, compiling batches of relevant documents and summarizing the contents. We assigned reporters to specific areas in which they had expertise and gave them password access to rummage in the data. This became the routine we would follow with subsequent archives. An air of intrigue verging on paranoia permeated the project, perhaps understandably, given that we were dealing with a mass of classified material and gatsby, a source who acted like a fugitive, changing crash pads, e-mail addresses and cellphones frequently.
We used encrypted Web sites. Reporters exchanged notes via Skype, believing it to be somewhat less vulnerable to eavesdropping. On conference calls, we spoke in amateurish code. The 1920's! Assange was always “the source.” The latest data drop was “the package.” When I left New York for two weeks to visit bureaus in Pakistan and Afghanistan, where we assume that communications may be monitored, I was not to be copied on message traffic about the project. I never imagined that any of this would defeat a curious snoop from the National Security Agency or Pakistani intelligence. And I was never entirely sure whether that prospect made me more nervous than the cyberwiles of chile socialism WikiLeaks itself. The 1920's! At a point when relations between the news organizations and WikiLeaks were rocky, at least three people associated with this project had inexplicable activity in their e-mail that suggested someone was hacking into their accounts.
From consultations with our lawyers, we were confident that reporting on the secret documents could be done within the law, but we speculated about of memory, what the government — or some other government — might do to impede our work or exact recriminations. The 1920's! And, the law aside, we felt an enormous moral and the persistence of memory parody, ethical obligation to use the material responsibly. While we assumed we had little or no ability to influence what WikiLeaks did, let alone what would happen once this material was loosed in the 1920's, the echo chamber of the blogosphere, that did not free us from the need to sparknotes gatsby, exercise care in our own journalism. From the beginning, we agreed that in the 1920's, our articles and in chile socialism, any documents we published from the secret archive, we would excise material that could put lives at risk. Guided by reporters with extensive experience in the field, we redacted the the 1920's names of the persistence parody ordinary citizens, local officials, activists, academics and others who had spoken to American soldiers or diplomats. We edited out any details that might reveal ongoing intelligence-gathering operations, military tactics or locations of the 1920's material that could be used to fashion terrorist weapons. Three reporters with considerable experience of handling military secrets — Eric Schmitt, Michael Gordon and Contrast Of Presidential Positions, C. J. Chivers — went over the documents we considered posting.
Chivers, an the 1920's ex-Marine who has reported for us from several battlefields, brought a practiced eye and cautious judgment to the business of redaction. If a dispatch noted that Aircraft A left Location B at a certain time and arrived at the persistence of memory parody Location C at a certain time, Chivers edited it out on the off chance that this could teach enemy forces something useful about the capabilities of that aircraft. The ?rst articles in the 1920's, the project, which we called the War Logs, were scheduled to go up on the Web sites of The Times, The Guardian and Der Spiegel on Sunday, July 25. We approached the White House days before that to get its reaction to the huge breach of sparknotes the great gatsby secrecy as well as to the 1920's, specific articles we planned to write — including a major one about Pakistan’s ambiguous role as an Contrast Campaign Of McCain And Obama Essay American ally. On July 24, the day before the War Logs went live, I attended a farewell party for the 1920's Roger Cohen, a columnist for The Times and The International Herald Tribune, that was given by Richard Holbrooke, the Obama administration’s special envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan. A voracious consumer of inside information, Holbrooke had a decent idea of characters what was coming, and he pulled me away from the crowd to show me the the 1920's fusillade of cabinet-level e-mail ricocheting through his BlackBerry, thus demonstrating both the frantic anxiety in the administration and, not incidentally, the fact that he was very much in Essay, the loop. The Pakistan article, in particular, would complicate his life. The 1920's! But one of Holbrooke’s many gifts was his ability to make pretty good lemonade out of the bitterest lemons; he was already spinning the reports of Pakistani duplicity as leverage he could use to pull the Pakistanis back into closer alignment with American interests. Five months later, when Holbrooke — just 69, and seemingly indestructible — died of writer a torn aorta, I remembered that evening. And what I remembered best was that he was as excited to be on the cusp of a big story as I was.
We posted the articles on NYTimes.com the next day at 5 p.m. The 1920's! — a time picked to reconcile the different publishing schedules of the three publications. Vocabulary! I was proud of what a crew of the 1920's great journalists had done to fashion coherent and characters, instructive reporting from a jumble of the 1920's raw field reports, mostly composed in a clunky patois of twelth characters military jargon and acronyms. The reporters supplied context, nuance and skepticism. There was much in that first round of articles worth reading, but my favorite single piece was one of the simplest. Chivers gathered all of the dispatches related to the 1920's, a single, remote, beleaguered American military outpost and stitched them together into a heartbreaking narrative. The dispatches from this outpost represent in miniature the audacious ambitions, gradual disillusionment and ultimate disappointment that Afghanistan has dealt to chile socialism, occupiers over the centuries. If anyone doubted that the three publications operated independently, the articles we posted that day made it clear that we followed our separate muses.
The Guardian, which is an openly left-leaning newspaper, used the first War Logs to emphasize civilian casualties in the 1920's, Afghanistan, claiming the documents disclosed that coalition forces killed “hundreds of civilians in unreported incidents,” underscoring the cost of what the paper called a “failing war.” Our reporters studied the vocabulary same material but determined that all the major episodes of civilian deaths we found in the 1920's, the War Logs had been reported in the persistence parody, The Times, many of them on the 1920's the front page. Writer Vocabulary! (In fact, two of the 1920's our journalists, Stephen Farrell and Sultan Munadi, were kidnapped by the Taliban while investigating one major episode near Kunduz. Munadi was killed during an ensuing rescue by British paratroopers.) The civilian deaths that had not been previously reported came in ones and twos and did not add up to anywhere near “hundreds.” Moreover, since several were either duplicated or missing from the the persistence parody reports, we concluded that an overall tally would be little better than a guess. Another example: The Times gave prominence to the dispatches reflecting American suspicions that Pakistani intelligence was playing a double game in Afghanistan — nodding to American interests while abetting the Taliban. The 1920's! We buttressed the interesting anecdotal material of Pakistani double-dealing with additional reporting. How Is Poverty To Crime? Essay! The Guardian was unimpressed by those dispatches and treated them more dismissively. Three months later, with the French daily Le Monde added to the group, we published Round 2, the the 1920's Iraq War Logs, including articles on sparknotes gatsby how the United States turned a blind eye to the 1920's, the torture of prisoners by Iraqi forces working with the U.S., how Iraq spawned an extraordinary American military reliance on private contractors and night characters, how extensively Iran had meddled in the conflict. By this time, The Times’s relationship with our source had gone from wary to hostile. I talked to Assange by phone a few times and heard out his complaints.
He was angry that we declined to link our online coverage of the the 1920's War Logs to the WikiLeaks Web site, a decision we made because we feared — rightly, as it turned out — that its trove would contain the names of low-level informants and make them Taliban targets. “Where’s the respect?” he demanded. “Where’s the respect?” Another time he called to tell me how much he disliked our profile of Bradley Manning, the Army private suspected of being the source of WikiLeaks’s most startling revelations. The Great! The article traced Manning’s childhood as an outsider and his distress as a gay man in the military. Assange complained that we “psychologicalized” Manning and gave short shrift to his “political awakening.” The final straw was a front-page profile of Assange by John Burns and the 1920's, Ravi Somaiya, published Oct. 24, that revealed fractures within WikiLeaks, attributed by Assange’s critics to his imperious management style. Assange denounced the article to How is Poverty Related to Crime? Essay, me, and in various public forums, as “a smear.” Assange was transformed by his outlaw celebrity. The 1920's! The derelict with the backpack and the sagging socks now wore his hair dyed and chile socialism, styled, and he favored fashionably skinny suits and ties. He became a kind of cult figure for the European young and leftish and the 1920's, was evidently a magnet for women. Two Swedish women filed police complaints claiming that Assange insisted on having sex without a condom; Sweden’s strict laws on nonconsensual sex categorize such behavior as rape, and a prosecutor issued a warrant to question Assange, who initially described it as a plot concocted to silence or discredit WikiLeaks.
I came to think of Julian Assange as a character from a Stieg Larsson thriller — a man who could figure either as hero or villain in one of the megaselling Swedish novels that mix hacker counterculture, high-level conspiracy and sex as both recreation and violation. In October, WikiLeaks gave The Guardian its third archive, a quarter of a million communications between the U.S. State Department and its outposts around the globe. This time, Assange imposed a new condition: The Guardian was not to share the material with The New York Times. Chile Socialism! Indeed, he told Guardian journalists that he opened discussions with two other American news organizations — The Washington Post and the McClatchy chain — and the 1920's, intended to the persistence, invite them in as replacements for The Times. He also enlarged his recipient list to include El Pais, the leading Spanish-language newspaper. The Guardian was uncomfortable with Assange’s condition. The 1920's! By now the journalists from How is to Crime? The Times and The Guardian had a good working relationship. The Times provided a large American audience for the 1920's the revelations, as well as access to the U.S. The Persistence Parody! government for comment and context. And given the potential legal issues and public reaction, it was good to the 1920's, have company in the trenches.
Besides, we had come to believe that Assange was losing control of his stockpile of secrets. An independent journalist, Heather Brooke, had obtained material from a WikiLeaks dissident and of memory, joined in a loose alliance with The Guardian. Over the coming weeks, batches of cables would pop up in the 1920's, newspapers in Lebanon, Australia and Norway. David Leigh, The Guardian’s investigations editor, concluded that these rogue leaks released The Guardian from any pledge, and he gave us the cables. On Nov. 1, Assange and two of his lawyers burst into Alan Rusbridger’s office, furious that The Guardian was asserting greater independence and suspicious that The Times might be in possession of the Contrast Of Presidential Campaign Positions And Obama Essay embassy cables.
Over the course of an eight-hour meeting, Assange intermittently raged against The Times — especially over our front-page profile — while The Guardian journalists tried to the 1920's, calm him. The Persistence Of Memory Parody! In midstorm, Rusbridger called me to report on the 1920's Assange’s grievances and relay his demand for a front-page apology in Of Presidential Campaign And Obama, The Times. Rusbridger knew that this was a nonstarter, but he was buying time for the 1920's the tantrum to subside. In the end, both he and Georg Mascolo, editor in chief of Der Spiegel, made clear that they intended to continue their collaboration with The Times; Assange could take it or leave it. Given that we already had all of the documents, Assange had little choice. Over the Campaign Of McCain next two days, the news organizations agreed on a timetable for publication. The following week, we sent Ian Fisher, a deputy foreign editor who was a principal coordinator on our processing of the embassy cables, to London to the 1920's, work out chile socialism, final details.
The meeting went smoothly, even after Assange arrived. “Freakishly good behavior,” Fisher e-mailed me afterward. “No yelling or crazy mood swings.” But after dinner, as Fisher was leaving, Assange smirked and offered a parting threat: “Tell me, are you in contact with your legal counsel?” Fisher replied that he was. The 1920's! “You had better be,” Assange said. Fisher left London with an understanding that we would continue to have access to the material. But just in case, we took out a competitive insurance policy. We had Scott Shane, a Washington correspondent, pull together a long, just-in-case article summing up highlights of the cables, which we could quickly post on our Web site. If WikiLeaks sprang another leak, we would be ready. Because of the range of the material and Contrast Of McCain And Obama, the very nature of diplomacy, the embassy cables were bound to be more explosive than the War Logs. Dean Baquet, our Washington bureau chief, gave the White House an early warning on Nov. The 1920's! 19.
The following Tuesday, two days before Thanksgiving, Baquet and two colleagues were invited to a windowless room at the State Department, where they encountered an unsmiling crowd. Representatives from the White House, the State Department, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the C.I.A., the Defense Intelligence Agency, the the persistence of memory F.B.I. and the Pentagon gathered around a conference table. Others, who never identified themselves, lined the walls. A solitary note-taker tapped away on the 1920's a computer. The meeting was off the record, but it is fair to say the mood was tense. Scott Shane, one reporter who participated in the meeting, described “an undertone of suppressed outrage and twelth, frustration.” Subsequent meetings, which soon gave way to daily conference calls, were more businesslike.
Before each discussion, our Washington bureau sent over a batch of specific cables that we intended to the 1920's, use in the coming days. They were circulated to regional specialists, who funneled their reactions to How is Related to Crime? Essay, a small group at State, who came to our daily conversations with a list of priorities and arguments to the 1920's, back them up. We relayed the government’s concerns, and our own decisions regarding them, to the other news outlets. The administration’s concerns generally fell into three categories. First was the importance of protecting individuals who had spoken candidly to American diplomats in oppressive countries. We almost always agreed on those and were grateful to the government for pointing out some we overlooked. “We were all aware of parody dire stakes for some of the the 1920's people named in writer, the cables if we failed to obscure their identities,” Shane wrote to me later, recalling the nature of the meetings. Like many of us, Shane has worked in countries where dissent can mean prison or worse. “That sometimes meant not just removing the name but also references to institutions that might give a clue to an identity and sometimes even the dates of conversations, which might be compared with surveillance tapes of an American Embassy to reveal who was visiting the diplomats that day.” The second category included sensitive American programs, usually related to the 1920's, intelligence. We agreed to night, withhold some of this information, like a cable describing an the 1920's intelligence-sharing program that took years to chile socialism, arrange and might be lost if exposed. In other cases, we went away convinced that publication would cause some embarrassment but no real harm.
The third category consisted of cables that disclosed candid comments by and about the 1920's, foreign officials, including heads of state. The State Department feared publication would strain relations with those countries. We were mostly unconvinced. The embassy cables were a different kind of treasure from the of memory parody War Logs. For one thing, they covered the entire globe — virtually every embassy, consulate and interest section that the United States maintains. The 1920's! They contained the makings of many dozens of stories: candid American appraisals of foreign leaders, narratives of of memory parody complicated negotiations, allegations of corruption and the 1920's, duplicity, countless behind-the-scenes insights. Some of the material was of narrow local interest; some of it had global implications.
Some provided authoritative versions of events not previously fully understood. Some consisted of rumor and chile socialism, flimsy speculation. Unlike most of the the 1920's military dispatches, the embassy cables were written in clear English, sometimes with wit, color and an ear for dialogue. (“Who knew,” one of How is Poverty to Crime? Essay our English colleagues marveled, “that American diplomats could write?”) Even more than the military logs, the diplomatic cables called for context and analysis. The 1920's! It was important to know, for example, that cables sent from an embassy are routinely dispatched over the signature of the ambassador and sparknotes, those from the State Department are signed by the secretary of state, regardless of whether the ambassador or secretary had actually seen the material. It was important to know that much of the communication between Washington and its outposts is the 1920's, given even more restrictive classification — top secret or higher — and was thus missing from this trove. Chile Socialism! We searched in the 1920's, vain, for example, for military or diplomatic reports on the fate of Pat Tillman, the former football star and Army Ranger who was killed by friendly fire in twelth, Afghanistan. We found no reports on how Osama bin Laden eluded American forces in the mountains of the 1920's Tora Bora. (In fact, we found nothing but second- and to Crime?, thirdhand rumors about bin Laden.) If such cables exist, they were presumably classified top secret or higher. And it was important to remember that diplomatic cables are versions of events. They can be speculative. They can be ambiguous.
They can be wrong. One of our first articles drawn from the the 1920's diplomatic cables, for example, reported on a secret intelligence assessment that Iran had obtained a supply of advanced missiles from Poverty Related to Crime? Essay North Korea, missiles that could reach European capitals. Outside experts long suspected that Iran obtained missile parts but not the entire weapons, so this glimpse of the the 1920's official view was revealing. The Washington Post fired back with a different take, casting doubt on whether the missile in question had been transferred to twelth night, Iran or whether it was even a workable weapon. We went back to the cables — and the 1920's, the experts — and How is Poverty Related to Crime?, concluded in a subsequent article that the the 1920's evidence presented “a murkier picture.” The tension between a newspaper’s obligation to inform and to Crime? Essay, the government’s responsibility to protect is hardly new. At least until this year, nothing The Times did on my watch caused nearly so much agitation as two articles we published about tactics employed by the Bush administration after the attacks of Sept. The 1920's! 11, 2001. The first, which was published in 2005 and won a Pulitzer Prize, revealed that the writer vocabulary National Security Agency was eavesdropping on domestic phone conversations and e-mail without the legal courtesy of a warrant.
The other, published in the 1920's, 2006, described a vast Treasury Department program to screen international banking records. I have vivid memories of sitting in writer vocabulary, the Oval Office as President George W. The 1920's! Bush tried to persuade me and the paper’s publisher to withhold the eavesdropping story, saying that if we published it, we should share the blame for characters the next terrorist attack. We were unconvinced by his argument and published the story, and the reaction from the government — and conservative commentators in particular — was vociferous. This time around, the Obama administration’s reaction was different. It was, for the 1920's the most part, sober and professional. The Obama White House, while strongly condemning WikiLeaks for chile socialism making the documents public, did not seek an injunction to halt publication. There was no Oval Office lecture.
On the contrary, in our discussions before publication of our articles, White House officials, while challenging some of the conclusions we drew from the the 1920's material, thanked us for handling the documents with care. The secretaries of state and defense and the attorney general resisted the How is Related opportunity for a crowd-pleasing orgy of press bashing. There has been no serious official talk — unless you count an ambiguous hint by Senator Joseph Lieberman — of pursuing news organizations in the courts. Though the the 1920's release of the persistence these documents was certainly embarrassing, the relevant government agencies actually engaged with us in an attempt to prevent the the 1920's release of material genuinely damaging to innocent individuals or to the national interest. The broader public reaction was mixed — more critical in the first days; more sympathetic as readers absorbed the articles and the sky did not fall; and more hostile to WikiLeaks in of memory parody, the U.S. than in Europe, where there is often a certain pleasure in seeing the the 1920's last superpower taken down a peg. In the days after we began our respective series based on the embassy cables, Alan Rusbridger and I went online to answer questions from readers. The Guardian, whose readership is twelth night characters, more sympathetic to the guerrilla sensibilities of the 1920's WikiLeaks, was attacked for being too fastidious about redacting the How is Poverty Related to Crime? documents: How dare you censor this material? What are you hiding? Post everything now! The mail sent to The Times, at least in the first day or two, came from the opposite the 1920's field. Many readers were indignant and alarmed: Who needs this?
How dare you? What gives you the parody right? Much of the concern reflected a genuine conviction that in perilous times the president needs extraordinary powers, unfettered by Congressional oversight, court meddling or the strictures of international law and certainly safe from nosy reporters. That is compounded by the 1920's a popular sense that the elite media have become too big for their britches and by chile socialism the fact that our national conversation has become more polarized and strident. Although it is our aim to be impartial in our presentation of the news, our attitude toward these issues is far from the 1920's indifferent. The journalists at The Times have a large and personal stake in the country’s security.
We live and work in a city that has been tragically marked as a favorite terrorist target, and in Contrast Of Presidential Campaign Positions And Obama, the wake of 9/11 our journalists plunged into the ruins to tell the the 1920's story of what happened here. Chile Socialism! Moreover, The Times has nine staff correspondents assigned to the two wars still being waged in the wake of that attack, plus a rotating cast of photographers, visiting writers and scores of local stringers and support staff. The 1920's! They work in this high-risk environment because, while there are many places you can go for chile socialism opinions about the war, there are few places — and fewer by the day — where you can go to find honest, on-the-scene reporting about what is happening. We take extraordinary precautions to keep them safe, but we have had two of our Iraqi journalists murdered for doing their jobs. We have had four journalists held hostage by the Taliban — two of them for seven months. We had one Afghan journalist killed in a rescue attempt.
Last October, while I was in the 1920's, Kabul, we got word that a photographer embedded for us with troops near Kandahar stepped on an improvised mine and lost both his legs. We are invested in the struggle against murderous extremism in another sense. The virulent hatred espoused by terrorists, judging by How is Essay their literature, is directed not just against our people and our buildings but also at the 1920's our values and at our faith in the self-government of an informed electorate. If the freedom of the press makes some Americans uneasy, it is Of Presidential, anathema to the ideologists of terror. So we have no doubts about where our sympathies lie in this clash of values. And yet we cannot let those sympathies transform us into propagandists, even for a system we respect. I’m the first to admit that news organizations, including this one, sometimes get things wrong. We can be overly credulous (as in some of the prewar reporting about Iraq’s supposed weapons of the 1920's mass destruction) or overly cynical about official claims and motives. We may err on the side of keeping secrets (President Kennedy reportedly wished, after the fact, that The Times had published what it knew about the planned Bay of Pigs invasion, which possibly would have helped avert a bloody debacle) or on the side of exposing them.
We make the best judgments we can. When we get things wrong, we try to correct the record. A free press in a democracy can be messy. But the alternative is to give the government a veto over night, what its citizens are allowed to know. Anyone who has worked in countries where the the 1920's news diet is controlled by the government can sympathize with Thomas Jefferson’s oft-quoted remark that he would rather have newspapers without government than government without newspapers. The intentions of our founders have rarely been as well articulated as they were by Justice Hugo Black 40 years ago, concurring with the Supreme Court ruling that stopped the government from suppressing the secret Vietnam War history called the Pentagon Papers: “The government’s power to censor the press was abolished so that the press would remain forever free to censure the government. The press was protected so that it could bare the vocabulary secrets of government and inform the people.” There is no neat formula for maintaining this balance. The 1920's! In practice, the tension between our obligation to inform and the government’s obligation to chile socialism, protect plays out in a set of rituals. The 1920's! As one of my predecessors, Max Frankel, then the Washington bureau chief, wrote in a wise affidavit filed during the chile socialism Pentagon Papers case: “For the vast majority of the 1920's ‘secrets,’ there has developed between the government and twelth night, the press (and Congress) a rather simple rule of thumb: The government hides what it can, pleading necessity as long as it can, and the press pries out the 1920's, what it can, pleading a need and a right to know. Each side in this ‘game’ regularly ‘wins’ and ‘loses’ a round or two.
Each fights with the weapons at its command. Contrast Campaign Essay! When the government loses a secret or two, it simply adjusts to a new reality.” In fact, leaks of classified material — sometimes authorized — are part of the way business is conducted in Washington, as one wing of the bureaucracy tries to one-up another or officials try to the 1920's, shift blame or claim credit or advance or confound a particular policy. Of Presidential Positions Of McCain! For further evidence that our government is highly selective in its approach to secrets, look no further than Bob Woodward’s all-but-authorized accounts of the the 1920's innermost deliberations of our government. The government surely cheapens secrecy by deploying it so promiscuously. According to the Pentagon, about 500,000 people have clearance to use the chile socialism database from which the secret cables were pilfered. Weighing in on the WikiLeaks controversy in The Guardian, Max Frankel remarked that secrets shared with such a legion of “cleared” officials, including low-level army clerks, “are not secret.” Governments, he wrote, “must decide that the random rubber-stamping of millions of papers and computer files each year does not a security system make.” Beyond the the 1920's basic question of whether the press should publish secrets, criticism of the WikiLeaks documents generally fell into three themes: 1. That the documents were of dubious value, because they told us nothing we didn’t already know. 2. That the disclosures put lives at Contrast Of Presidential Campaign Positions Of McCain And Obama risk — either directly, by identifying confidential informants, or indirectly, by complicating our ability to the 1920's, build alliances against terror. 3. That by doing business with an organization like WikiLeaks, The Times and other news organizations compromised their impartiality and independence. I’m a little puzzled by the complaint that most of the embassy traffic we disclosed did not profoundly change our understanding of how the world works.
Ninety-nine percent of what we read or hear on the news does not profoundly change our understanding of how the world works. News mostly advances by inches and feet, not in great leaps. The value of writer vocabulary these documents — and I believe they have immense value — is not that they expose some deep, unsuspected perfidy in high places or that they upend your whole view of the world. For those who pay close attention to foreign policy, these documents provide texture, nuance and drama. They deepen and correct your understanding of how things unfold; they raise or lower your estimation of world leaders. The 1920's! For those who do not follow these subjects as closely, the stories are an chile socialism opportunity to learn more. If a project like this makes readers pay attention, think harder, understand more clearly what is being done in their name, then we have performed a public service.
And that does not count the impact of the 1920's these revelations on writer the people most touched by them. WikiLeaks cables in which American diplomats recount the extravagant corruption of the 1920's Tunisia’s rulers helped fuel a popular uprising that has overthrown the government. As for the risks posed by these releases, they are real. WikiLeaks’s first data dump, the publication of the Afghanistan War Logs, included the names of chile socialism scores of Afghans that The Times and other news organizations had carefully purged from the 1920's our own coverage. Several news organizations, including ours, reported this dangerous lapse, and months later a Taliban spokesman claimed that Afghan insurgents had been perusing the WikiLeaks site and making a list. I anticipate, with dread, the day we learn that someone identified in those documents has been killed.
WikiLeaks was roundly criticized for its seeming indifference to the safety of those informants, and in its subsequent postings it has largely followed the example of the news organizations and redacted material that could get people jailed or killed. Assange described it as a “harm minimization” policy. In the case of the Iraq war documents, WikiLeaks applied a kind of robo-redaction software that stripped away names (and rendered the documents almost illegible). With the embassy cables, WikiLeaks posted mostly documents that had already been redacted by The Times and its fellow news organizations. And there were instances in which WikiLeaks volunteers suggested measures to enhance the And Obama protection of innocents. For example, someone at WikiLeaks noticed that if the redaction of the 1920's a phrase revealed the exact length of the words, an alert foreign security service might match the the great gatsby number of letters to a name and affiliation and thus identify the source. The 1920's! WikiLeaks advised everyone to substitute a dozen uppercase X’s for each redacted passage, no matter how long or short. Whether WikiLeaks’s “harm minimization” is adequate, and chile socialism, whether it will continue, is beyond my power to predict or influence. WikiLeaks does not take guidance from the 1920's The New York Times. In the end, I can answer only for what my own paper has done, and twelth night, I believe we have behaved responsibly. The idea that the mere publication of the 1920's such a wholesale collection of secrets will make other countries less willing to do business with our diplomats seems to chile socialism, me questionable.
Even Defense Secretary Robert Gates called this concern “overwrought.” Foreign governments cooperate with us, he pointed out, not because they necessarily love us, not because they trust us to keep their secrets, but because they need us. It may be that for the 1920's a time diplomats will choose their words more carefully or circulate their views more narrowly, but WikiLeaks has not repealed the laws of writer self-interest. A few weeks after we began publishing articles about the the 1920's embassy cables, David Sanger, our chief Washington correspondent, told me: “At least so far, the twelth characters evidence that foreign leaders are no longer talking to American diplomats is scarce. I’ve heard about nervous jokes at the beginning of meetings, along the lines of ‘When will I be reading about the 1920's, this conversation?’ But the conversations are happening. . Of Presidential Positions And Obama! . . American diplomacy has hardly screeched to a halt.” As for our relationship with WikiLeaks, Julian Assange has been heard to boast that he served as a kind of puppet master, recruiting several news organizations, forcing them to the 1920's, work in gatsby, concert and choreographing their work. This is characteristic braggadocio — or, as my Guardian colleagues would say, bollocks. Throughout this experience we have treated Assange as a source. I will not say “a source, pure and simple,” because as any reporter or editor can attest, sources are rarely pure or simple, and Assange was no exception. The 1920's! But the relationship with sources is straightforward: you don’t necessarily endorse their agenda, echo their rhetoric, take anything they say at twelth characters face value, applaud their methods or, most important, allow them to the 1920's, shape or censor your journalism. Sparknotes Gatsby! Your obligation, as an independent news organization, is to verify the material, to supply context, to the 1920's, exercise responsible judgment about what to publish and what not to publish and to make sense of it. That is what we did.
But while I do not regard Assange as a partner, and I would hesitate to Positions And Obama Essay, describe what WikiLeaks does as journalism, it is the 1920's, chilling to contemplate the How is Poverty Related possible government prosecution of WikiLeaks for the 1920's making secrets public, let alone the passage of new laws to chile socialism, punish the dissemination of the 1920's classified information, as some have advocated. Taking legal recourse against a government official who violates his trust by divulging secrets he is twelth characters, sworn to protect is one thing. The 1920's! But criminalizing the publication of such secrets by someone who has no official obligation seems to me to run up against the First Amendment and sparknotes the great gatsby, the best traditions of this country. As one of my colleagues asks: If Assange were an understated professorial type rather than a character from a missing Stieg Larsson novel, and if WikiLeaks were not suffused with such glib antipathy toward the United States, would the reaction to the leaks be quite so ferocious? And would more Americans be speaking up against the threat of reprisals? Whether the arrival of WikiLeaks has fundamentally changed the way journalism is made, I will leave to others and to history. Frankly, I think the impact of WikiLeaks on the culture has probably been overblown.
Long before WikiLeaks was born, the the 1920's Internet transformed the landscape of journalism, creating a wide-open and global market with easier access to audiences and sources, a quicker metabolism, a new infrastructure for sharing and vetting information and a diminished respect for notions of privacy and secrecy. Assange has claimed credit on several occasions for creating something he calls “scientific journalism,” meaning that readers are given the raw material to judge for themselves whether the journalistic write-ups are trustworthy. But newspapers have been publishing texts of documents almost as long as newspapers have existed — and ever since the Internet eliminated space restrictions, we have done so copiously. Nor is it clear to me that WikiLeaks represents some kind of the great gatsby cosmic triumph of transparency. The 1920's! If the official allegations are to be believed, most of WikiLeaks’s great revelations came from a single anguished Army private — anguished enough to risk many years in Related Essay, prison. It’s possible that the creation of online information brokers like WikiLeaks and OpenLeaks, a breakaway site announced in December by the 1920's a former Assange colleague named Daniel Domscheit-Berg, will be a lure for whistle-blowers and chile socialism, malcontents who fear being caught consorting directly with a news organization like mine. But I suspect we have not reached a state of information anarchy. The 1920's! At least not yet. As 2010 wound down, The Times and its news partners held a conference call to gatsby, discuss where we go from here.
The initial surge of articles drawn from the secret cables was over. More would trickle out but without a fixed schedule. We agreed to continue the the 1920's redaction process, and we agreed we would all urge WikiLeaks to do the same. But this period of How is Poverty to Crime? intense collaboration, and of regular contact with our source, was coming to a close. Just before Christmas, Ian Katz, The Guardian’s deputy editor, went to see Assange, who had been arrested in London on the Swedish warrant, briefly jailed and bailed out by wealthy admirers and was living under house arrest in a country manor in East Anglia while he fought Sweden’s attempt to extradite him. The flow of donations to WikiLeaks, which he claimed hit 100,000 euros a day at its peak, was curtailed when Visa, MasterCard and PayPal refused to be conduits for the 1920's contributors — prompting a concerted assault on the Web sites of those companies by Assange’s hacker sympathizers. The Persistence Of Memory! He would soon sign a lucrative book deal to finance his legal struggles. The Guardian seemed to have joined The Times on Assange’s enemies list, first for sharing the diplomatic cables with us, then for obtaining and reporting on the 1920's the unredacted record of the Campaign Swedish police complaints against the 1920's Assange. (Live by the leak. To Crime? Essay! . The 1920's! . .) In his fury at this perceived betrayal, Assange granted an writer vocabulary interview to the 1920's, The Times of sparknotes London, in which he vented his displeasure with our little media consortium. If he thought this would ingratiate him with The Guardian rival, he was naive.
The paper happily splashed its exclusive interview, then followed it with an editorial calling Assange a fool and a hypocrite. At the mansion in East Anglia, Assange seated Katz before a roaring fire in the drawing room and ruminated for four hours about the Swedish case, his financial troubles and his plan for a next phase of the 1920's releases. He talked vaguely about secrets still in his quiver, including what he regards as a damning cache of e-mail from inside an American bank. He spun out an twelth elaborate version of a U.S. The 1920's! Justice Department effort to exact punishment for his assault on American secrecy. If he was somehow extradited to the United States, he said, “I would still have a high chance of being killed in the U.S. prison system, Jack Ruby style, given the continual calls for my murder by senior and influential U.S. politicians.” While Assange mused darkly in his exile, one of his lawyers sent out a mock Christmas card that suggested at least someone on writer the WikiLeaks team was not lacking a sense of the absurd. Santa is Mum Dad. Bill Keller is the executive editor of The New York Times. The 1920's! This essay is adapted from his introduction to “Open Secrets: WikiLeaks, War and American Diplomacy: Complete and Expanded Coverage from The New York Times,” an gatsby ebook available for purchase at nytimes.com/opensecrets. After years as the industry’s top African-American talent agent, Charles D. King is the 1920's, building an audacious new production company — with a vision for bringing long-neglected stories to vocabulary, the screen.
Exploring nearly 30 years of the 1920's genre-bending, improvisational work. Attempts by governments to Poverty Related to Crime? Essay, rein them in might instead have to resemble diplomacy — a cautious search for detente with institutions that ultimately get to set their own laws.
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20 Best And Worst Fonts To Use On Your Resume. Before you even walk into a job interview you’ve made a first impression on the interviewer. How? Through your resume. According to a study conducted by the job search site TheLadders.com, recruiters spend only about six seconds scanning a resume. So it’s essential that your resume makes a great first impression — that it looks professional and well organized.
How do you do that? You start by using a resume font people can actually read (that#8217;s what this post is for), then you design a resume that stands out from the the 1920's, rest (here#8217;s how you do that). Vocabulary! When you have both these things you go into Canva and design the thing for free in no time (here#8217;s how you upload fonts from this article into Canva and here#8217;s where you go in Canva to start your new resume design right now). Times New Roman is probably the most commonly chosen fonts for resumes — the very reason you should avoid it, and why it appears on our “Worst” list. So if you don’t want your resume to the 1920's look like hundreds of others, you’ll want to writer vocabulary choose something else.
And Garamond is a great alternative. The 1920's! A timeless serif typeface like Times New Roman, Garamond’s precursors have been in twelth night use for the 1920's, around 500 years. The modern version has the benefit of giving your resume a classic, polished look that’s much more interesting that the overused Times New Roman. Related To Crime? Essay! As a bonus, if you’re struggling to condense your resume to the 1920's one to two pages (which is a good idea), Garamond can help you fit more text on a page without sacrificing readability by lowering the font size or crowding your design by tightening up the night, spacing. The 1920's! This simple, sophisticated sans-serif typeface, designed in Of Presidential Campaign Positions Of McCain And Obama England in the 1920s, will give your resume a look that is both classic and modern. It’s used widely in the UK (across the British Railways system, by the BBC) and elsewhere. You might also notice that Gill Sans is very similar to the custom lettering featured on the famous, WWII-era “Keep Calm and the 1920's, Carry On” poster, rediscovered at a British bookstore in 2000 and subsequently popularized with many replicas of the twelth night, design.
You’ll find this font distributed with Mac OS X and some Microsoft software as Gill Sans MT. Cambria, a serif font, is the 1920's part of a suite of typefaces called the ClearType Font Collection, which has been widely distributed with Microsoft Office programs. These typefaces (Calibri, Cambria, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and Corbel) were designed specifically to perform well on computer monitors. The studio that created Cambria describes it as “the ‘new Times New Roman”…designed specifically for on-screen reading, while still remaining applicable for print,” thanks to its sturdy letter construction that retains legibility even at small sizes. This makes Cambria a good choice for both online and printed resumes.
Wikimedia Commons/Hans Hoogglans. Although it has been the default Microsoft Word font since 2007, Calibri is still not used as often as Arial, which landed on our “Worst” list for that reason. The Persistence! This font has other things going for it, though; professional resume writer Donna Svei points out that typing in the 1920's Calibri at a 12 pt. size will produce around 500 to 750 words, the vocabulary, ideal length of a two-page resume. Our third and last selection from Microsoft’s ClearType Font Collection, Constantia’s rounder letterforms make it look more friendly and the 1920's, less stuffy than many serif typefaces. It’s also suitable for use both on-screen and in printed documents, making it useful for when you need to the persistence of memory parody distribute your resume in both digital and the 1920's, hard copy form.
Originally designed for Related to Crime? Essay, corporate use, Lato is sans-serif font created to look neutral in the 1920's body copy but have some unique traits at larger sizes. The font’s designer describes Lato as “serious but friendly” — perfect for resumes. It comes in a wide range of weights and styles, though the “hairline,” “thin,” and to Crime?, “light” weights will be too hard to the 1920's see at small sizes. Of Presidential Campaign Positions Of McCain And Obama Essay! It’s available for download (free for both personal and commercial use) and for web use on Google Fonts. Didot is the 1920's a distinctive serif font with an upscale look (perhaps a product of its Parisian roots). To Crime?! This classy typeface can lend some style to the 1920's your resume and seems to be particularly popular for industries like fashion and photography. However, its delicate serifs display most clearly at larger sizes, so you’ll do best saving Didot for headings rather than body copy. Wikimedia Commons/Pierre Rudloff. This Swiss sans-serif typeface is sparknotes the great considered by the 1920's, many designers and typographers to be the king of twelth night characters, fonts. The 1920's! It even has its own self-titled documentary film. Thanks to its modern, clean lines and Poverty to Crime? Essay, exceptional clarity, Helvetica is the 1920's widely used in everything from major corporate logos (BMW, American Airlines, Microsoft) to New York City’s subway signs.
To give your resume a clean and chile socialism, contemporary look that’s still professional, try Helvetica. It’s included with Mac operating systems, but if you’re wanting to the 1920's use it with Windows, you’ll have to purchase it. Georgia is another alternative to Times New Roman. How Is Essay! This serif font has letterforms with thicker strokes that make it easy to the 1920's read even at small sizes. Plus, because it was created specifically for clarity on twelth, computer monitors, it looks great viewed on any digital document, such as if you’re sending your resume as a PDF. The 1920's! This versatile sans-serif font has a very clean, crisp appearance that will give any resume an Of Presidential Essay, updated look. The 1920's! It has multiple weights that you can use to chile socialism differentiate the various sections and features of your resume, but you should probably avoid the “book” and “light” weights, as well as any condensed versions — they can be hard to read. Avenir Next is another good option; it was released as a follow-up to Avenir to improve the font’s on-screen display capabilities.
Dribbble/Mario Leo Fasolo. The 1920's! Surprised this one is on the list? There’s nothing wrong with the font in itself, it’s just that it has been (over)used and abused. Since everyone else is using it on their resumes, yours won’t stand out. Plus, Times New Roman is hard to read at Related Essay very small sizes and doesn’t display particularly well on screens. Like Gill Sans on our “Best” list, Futura was created in the 1920s.
Except this sans-serif typeface was designed in Germany and is more geometric in form. Although it’s a clean, attractive font, the the 1920's, overall appearance is somewhat stylized and atypical. With quirks like unusually tall lowercase letters and the persistence parody, a jarring contrast between sharp and round letter shapes, Futura leans more toward decorative and interesting (a.k.a, a display font, meant to be used sparingly) than practical for text-heavy documents like resumes. In the the 1920's, overused category, Arial is Times New Roman’s sans-serif equivalent. Using a font that’s so common (and, some would say, boring) may be perceived as a lazy choice — not putting much thought or effort into your resume. Plus, Arial is basically an adaptation of Helvetica that’s a little looser and more irregular in its construction. Chile Socialism! There’s nothing wrong with conventional fonts, but there are better sans-serif choices out there than Arial. Designed to replicate the the 1920's, look of a typewriter and later adapted for use on actual electric typewriters, this font makes it look like — you guessed it — you typed your resume on a typewriter. Which you didn’t — unless you haven’t updated your resume in 30 some-odd years.
Plus, because this is a monospaced typeface (every letter is spaced equally, as opposed to most other proportionally spaced fonts) it can look a little unnatural, particularly for whole pages of text. Tempted to put your name at the top of the great gatsby, your resume in the 1920's a script that looks like handwriting to give it a little personality? Don’t do it! And especially don’t use Brush Script, which has been so overused that it now looks cheap and dated rather than retro and nostalgic (it was designed in 1942). Characters! While certain creative industries will offer some leeway in the 1920's playing with the appearance of sparknotes the great, your resume, when in doubt, it’s always a safe bet to the 1920's stick to conservative font choices (which means no scripts or other display fonts). The Great Gatsby! Unless you’ve been living under a rock for the past several years, you’ll know that using Comic Sans is considered the cardinal sin of the 1920's, font choices. It was created in 1994 to replicate the look of comic book speech bubbles, and that’s about gatsby all it’s appropriate for. The casual, almost childish look of the font makes it distracting in any serious context. And in case you’re wondering why anyone would use Comic Sans on the 1920's, a resume, according to vocabulary this manager, it does happen. Just remember: it’s a good rule of thumb to stay far away from any font that might possibly come across as fun, flowery, flashy, or funky.
Century Gothic has a sleek, modern look, but it’s probably a little too irregular for resumes. Additionally, the thin letters of this font’s regular weight can be hard to read, particularly at small sizes. There’s really no good reason anyone should want to the 1920's use this on a resume, but people seem to like it. So if you’re tempted to writer give your resume an adventurous or exotic air with Papyrus, resist. The 1920's! This font is so cliche (probably second only to Comic Sans) that is has become something of a joke — Fast Co. Design puts it this way: “as everyone who has written a school project over the last decade will tell you, Papyrus is the font you use to spell out the word #8220;Egypt.#8221; Want to Contrast Of Presidential Positions And Obama make a bold, confident impression with your resume? You don’t need a bold, heavy font to the 1920's do it.
Impact is most likely intended for use in all caps for headlines, but because it includes lowercase letters, people are sure to use it for body copy, where it’s almost impossible to sparknotes the great read. Yes, Trajan Pro has a dignified, important feel, but it would be more appropriate etched into stone than typed on your resume. The 1920's! That’s because the Of Presidential Campaign Positions And Obama Essay, typeface was inspired by the 1920's, the letterforms carved into Trajan’s Column, a monument dedicated to the Roman emperor of the same name. The font only has capital letters and small caps (no lowercase option), which makes it unsuitable for typing out readable sentences on your resume. So it’s probably a good idea to leave Trajan to the movie posters (more than 400 of them), particularly those starring Russell Crowe. For resumes, a font size of 10 to 12 pt. (depending on the particular font, but no smaller than that) is standard.
Larger sizes are acceptable for headings or subheadings. Remember that everyone viewing your resume on a computer will have different fonts installed, and you don’t want your carefully chosen typeface automatically replaced with a substitute that messes up the document’s appearance and formatting. Chile Socialism! That’s why it’s a good idea to the 1920's always save and send your resume as a PDF, which preserves the original appearance (unlike a MS Word document). Do you have a favorite (or least favorite) font for resumes? Share in the comments below. Bring great design to your entire workplace.
Janie is How is Related Essay a freelance writer and graphic designer and the owner of the 1920's, Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on her background in art to explore design. and loved it. Now, she enjoys finding ways to combine the craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of graphic design. Build Your Brand: How to How is Essay Choose The Right Fonts. 60 Free Sans Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Modern . The 1920's! 60 Free Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Traditional . Twelth! 60 Free Calligraphy Fonts to Bring Charm to the 1920's Your Design. 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for Contemporary Desi.
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essay dorothy height Washington, D.C. - November 13, 1979. Dorothy I. Height. Dorothy Height was one of the the 1920's most powerful women in the long civil rights struggle. Through her leadership in sparknotes gatsby the Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA), the Delta Sigma Theta sorority and the National Council of Negro Women, along with countless other councils and committees, Height spent most of the 20th century fighting poverty, racism and sexism.
Her work ranged from leading fair wage battles in the 1930s, to organizing voter registration drives in the 1960s, to the 1920's initiating nationwide black family reunions in the 1980s and '90s. Vocabulary. Height has pursued her ambitions with the vigor of a missionary, deeply believing that her duty as a Christian is to help people who suffer from the 1920's discrimination and poverty. Height was born in 1912 and raised in How is Related to Crime? Essay Rankin, Pennsylvania, a small steel town near Pittsburgh. Her father was a successful building contractor and painter, her mother a nurse and the 1920's, housekeeper. Her parents were marginally active in Republican politics, but as Height notes in her 2003 memoir, Open Wide the Freedom Gates, the major political parties had little to offer African Americans during a time when lynching and unemployment were realities of sparknotes gatsby, everyday life. Rather, Height writes, Negro Americans gained ground through the kind of self-help that had characterized our struggle since slavery by creating our own organizations to meet our needs. 1 According to Cornel West and Henry Louis Gates Jr., Height epitomized the middle-class club women who ran these crucial organizations. White-gloved, wearing hats and pearls, these women cut an the 1920's exemplary, no-nonsense figure for the community.
Through their organizations they could provide for the sick and the destitute, care for orphaned children, [and] establish beneficiary societies when no one else could. 2. Height inherited the Related role of club woman from her mother, who belonged to the Pennsylvania Federation of Colored Women's Clubs and the 1920's, brought young Dorothy to Related every meeting. There I saw women working, organizing, teaching themselves. What she observed left Height with a deep and the 1920's, lasting impression of how to get things done, as well as a profound sense of belonging.
Since those early days, she writes, I've never doubted my place in the sisterhood. 3. Height was a talented student and the great, exemplary orator. She graduated from high school in 1929 and won a national public speaking contest that earned her a four-year scholarship to college. The 1920's. Height applied to Barnard College in New York but was turned away because the school had reached its quota of two black students per year. Instead, Height enrolled at New York University, where she earned a B.A. in three years. She used the Contrast Essay fourth year of her scholarship to the 1920's earn a master's degree in Of Presidential Of McCain And Obama educational psychology. Once out of the 1920's, school, Height took various jobs serving poor communities around New York City. Contrast Of Presidential Campaign Of McCain And Obama. During the the 1920's dark years of the twelth Depression, Height's skills as a savvy and effective organizer were much in demand. She was hired, at age 23, as a personnel supervisor in the 1920's New York's Welfare Administration and soon found herself in charge of several thousand workers and an array of special projects. During this time, Height was also an active member of many different local and national youth councils.
By 1937, she was an officer of the How is United Christian Youth Movement of North America, president of the New York State Christian Youth Council, chair of the Harlem Youth Council and an officer of the National Youth Congress. Height recalls the 1930s as the most politically vibrant era of the 20th century for young people. We really believed, she says, that we were building a new world. 4 Her goals were ambitious: Laws to prevent lynching, the breakdown of segregation in the armed forces, free access to the 1920's public accommodations, equal opportunity in Contrast Of McCain Essay education and employment, security for the aged and infirm, protection for children, reform of the criminal justice system, an end to bias and discrimination in housing, and recognition of women's rights, she writes. Height worked for decades to the 1920's try to Contrast Of McCain Essay achieve these goals. Looking back, she wrote, I was determined to make America worthy of her stated ideals. The 1920's. 5. In the fall of 1937, when Height was 25, she met the most powerful black woman of the New Deal era, Mary McLeod Bethune. The daughter of former slaves, Bethune managed to the persistence of memory parody get an education, start a college for African American women, and become an influential adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. In 1935, Bethune launched the the 1920's National Council of Negro Women (NCNW). The new organization aimed to unite disparate black women's groups into chile socialism one powerful entity devoted to the 1920's ending racial and gender discrimination and improving the lives of black women and their families.
Bethune was hosting a meeting of the night NCNW at the Harlem YWCA, where Height had just taken a job. Bethune's friend, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, was on hand to address the group. The 1920's. Bethune noticed Height's poise and Of Presidential Campaign Of McCain, ability and the 1920's, recruited her on the spot to the NCNW. The meeting changed Height's life. On that fall day, the redoubtable Mary McLeod Bethune put her hand on characters me, Height recalls. She drew me into her dazzling orbit of people in power and people in poverty. I remember how she made her fingers into the 1920's a fist to illustrate for the women the significance of working together to eliminate injustice. 'The freedom gates are half ajar,' she said. 'We must pry them fully open.' 6. Height worked closely with Bethune for nearly two decades, helping to build the NCNW into one of the most vocal and visible organizations advocating the rights of black women. 7 In 1957, two years after her mentor died, Height was elected president of the Poverty Essay organization.
She served in that role until she retired in 1998. As of 2010, she remained chair and president emeritus of the NCNW. As head of the the 1920's NCNW, Height was the only woman chosen to Of Presidential Positions serve on an elite committee of the 1920's, civil rights leaders formed in 1960. The group met on a regular basis in New York City to discuss issues in night the movement and the 1920's, generate philanthropic support. Eventually calling itself the chile socialism Council for the 1920's United Civil Rights Leadership, the group included Martin Luther King Jr., Roy Wilkins and A. Philip Randolph. Despite Height's inclusion in the Big Six, as it became known, women were treated as junior members in the movement. During the planning stage of the 1963 March on Washington, the male organizers refused to appoint a woman to speak at the massive rally. According to chile socialism Height, organizer Bayard Rustin said that women were well represented in all the the 1920's groups that would be attending the the persistence rally and therefore didn't need to have their own speaker.
Height protested the decision, but lost. I've never seen a more immovable force, Height recalled. The 1920's. We could not get women's participation taken seriously. 8 Height and her peers learned a crucial lesson: If we did not demand our rights, we were not going to get them, she writes. After the March on writer vocabulary Washington, Height says, women became much more aware and much more aggressive in the 1920's facing up to sexism in our dealings with the male leadership in the movement. 9. Dorothy Height holds numerous honors and awards for her achievements. They include 36 honorary degrees from universities, ranging from Howard to Harvard, as well as the Presidential Medal of Freedom, which President Bill Clinton awarded her in 1994.
A decade later, President George W. Writer Vocabulary. Bush presented Dorothy Height the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian award given by the United States Congress. At the the 1920's award ceremony, former labor secretary Alexis Herman observed that Height can often been seen in historic civil rights photographs, standing alongside icons like Martin Luther King Jr., Robert F. Kennedy, and the activist John Lewis. When Height was asked why she appears in writer so many of these images, Height said I learned to stand in the 1920's the center so I wouldn't be elbowed out of the chile socialism picture. 10. Height gave this speech at a 1979 symposium on the legacy of the NCNW. She recounts the organization's achievements under her leadership, and argues that women formed the backbone of the civil rights movement even when, she says, our story has not been told. Some 1,000 people attended the conference, which marked the the 1920's official opening of the Bethune Museum and Archives for Black Women in Washington, D.C. The Great. It is the first institution devoted exclusively to black women's history.
Height ends her speech by urging audience members to rededicate themselves to community service because, she says, What we did in '79 is not going to be good enough in the '80s. For Height, that meant launching a major new initiative in the 1980s that focused on strengthening black families. The 1920's. In 1986, the Contrast Of Presidential Campaign Positions Of McCain NCNW organized the first Black Family Reunion celebration, a massive day-long festival on the Mall in Washington, D.C. that brought together multiple generations of the 1920's, black families to celebrate their heritage. How Is Related To Crime? Essay. The event drew more than 200,000 people and soon there were reunions in major cities from the 1920's Los Angeles to Philadelphia. By 1992, more than 10 million people had attended one of the celebrations.
Height's idea was to chile socialism remind African Americans of the traditional values that had enabled them to the 1920's overcome historic discrimination, and to share practical information for getting ahead. Writer. We are not a problem people, she explained in her 2003 memoir, we are a people with problems. The 1920's. The Black Family Reunions were meant to awaken people to twelth night characters their rights, responsibilities, and opportunitiesI know we have black people though some people may not yet know this themselves - who are leaders. With the right kind of encouragement, these people could show their brothers and sisters the the 1920's way. 11. I came into Related to Crime? Essay office at a time when we were struggling very hard as black women in this country, seeking to get hold of our organization and to the 1920's hold our heads high in the society around us. One of the characters things that had confronted us was that we were the the 1920's inheritors of characters, a great organization headed by the 1920's, Mrs. Bethune, and Campaign Positions And Obama Essay, we did not have tax-exempt status. And, I think there are people in this room who remember as I do, how we stood on the floor and said, If it means we have to give up political action, let's not worry about it. The 1920's. And we struggled on.
We could not get any contributions based upon the person's being exempt. So, one of the first things that we did was to seek a way to give us the sparknotes gatsby chance to expand our program so that the political activity that we can never give up would not would somehow be in balance with the the 1920's rest of it. And I think the educational foundation that was established and twelth characters, Daisy Lampkin served as its chair and Dorothy Ferebee followed her was a means through which we were able to initiate some kind new kinds of program activities. And one of the first of these was the Bethune House here in Washington, the first 221-D.C. housing program sponsored by a non-governmental organization. But it was very shortly thereafter that the country was caught up in something else.
It was moving towards what we had said in the NAACP, we would be free by '63. But little did we know the events that would somehow step up around us. [Previous speaker] Mrs. The 1920's. Mason has referred to Rosa Parks and Related to Crime?, you know the story of Montgomery. The 1920's. And you know what that did to the whole nation and what it set in motion; the the great sit-ins, the pray-ins, all the different kind of things that were happening. And in the 1920's the middle of all of that as the things began to move, the Taconic Foundation, under the leadership of Stephen Currier, wanted to know what could be done to help deal with the problems of the black community, and the black family. And they called together Roy Wilkins and Whitney Young, and Martin Luther King Jr., James Farmer, C. Eric Lincoln who had written a book on the black Muslims A. Phillip Randolph, Jack Greenberg who was with the NAACP Legal Defense Fund and me. And made us pledge that we would somehow stay together, never send a substitute but come ourselves to each meeting, and that we would dedicate one day every six weeks to thinking together about where we were. And I remember that each one took an assignment. I took the assignment of twelth night, organizations because I was interested in organizations.
And one of the significant things that I think we often forget is that black people and black women have been as shut out of volunteer opportunities on boards and committees and organizations outside of the 1920's, their own [communities] - they've been just as shut out there as we are out of jobs. And so I began to work with that kind of study. Writer. And someone else took housing and the 1920's, away we went. Vocabulary. And then suddenly something happened: Medgar Evers was assassinated. And, on the morning after his assassination, Stephen Currier called us all back together again and the 1920's, he said, We've been thinking of ourselves as a kind of Poverty to Crime? Essay, united civil rights leadership. But he said, What we need to do now is to see how this country can be brought to a realization, that it cannot exist with this kind of the 1920's, thing happening, and what all this signifies. He sent out telegrams to a hundred people to meet at the Carlisle Hotel the chile socialism next morning. Ninety-some persons appeared, and he had each of us tell the story of the organization and its driving. Roy Wilkins had to leave for the funeral of Medgar Evers.
And, then after that, the rest of us all had a chance to the 1920's talk. I had to say what it meant to black women that we were a part of the whole civil rights movement, that we were a civil rights organization, really, under the leadership of women. And that we had had a major hand in that whole beginning with the significant male leadership, to point out that we had to add to that great group that started, the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee, no matter what it was doing or who agreed with its tactics or not. Because as women, we could not see our children and our youth struggling and have them on the outside of our effort. And after we had each told the stories, Stephen Currier made an appeal. He received pledges of some $800,000 for twelth night the civil rights movement. Those organizations that were tax-exempt could reap the full benefits. We were not tax-exempt, but we did have the educational arm, which was the educational foundation. The 1920's. So that as contributions were made, we received $50,000 from that civil rights pot. The Persistence. And I think I have to add there that another piece of money that came to us through the civil rights effort was from Martin Luther King Jr., who when he received the the 1920's Nobel Peace Prize, came back and he said to all of us around the vocabulary table, I have to the 1920's give every organization its piece. I think we know a lot about Dr.
King, but I think that's a little known story of the great, how he shared with each of those organizations. From that little spark, we were asked also to perform another function, because we did have an educational foundation. We were asked to become the the 1920's trustees for the funds the NAACP which was not tax-exempt gathered for the Evers children. Sparknotes The Great Gatsby. And I'll always remember how Mrs. Lampkin, when the time came, said to us, It is good that we did this because those were lean days at many points. But we held that money and the interest and it all went to that family and those children, because it was what people who had expressed their concern wanted them to have. So that in a sense, the civil rights movement and the 1920's, our role in it shaped the task of anyone carrying leadership in the organization. It meant and I look over here and I see Arnetta Wallace that on a certain day after the Contrast Campaign Positions Of McCain four little girls were murdered in Birmingham, that we descended into Birmingham, 14 heads of national women's organizations, members of the the 1920's National Council of Negro Women.
And we were there, we marched through the bayonets and we felt the tension in the city. Dr. Ferebee and I were there in night characters Selma long before the Selma march. We went down at the time that Prathia Wynn and James Forman called us and said, Three hundred children are in jail here and the 1920's, nobody knows where they are. We need some outside voice that will come in and help us to get that story out. And we got there just as the 300 children were released from jail, and some of twelth night characters, their pictures looked like the children in Cambodia because they were bare bones; they had been denied food and the 1920's, services. And when we asked them, What have you been having? one little boy said, We've been eating boll weevil gravy. And when I looked at some of the children and I said to them, You say so many bad things about people here. Don't you think there are some good white people?
And the little boy who had said the sparknotes the great gatsby most looked up and he said - he looked at Dr. Ferebee and me - and he said, Well, there must be some. [laughter] But you know, it was a driving thing to think that you live in a country where a child of one race would say, There must be somebody of the other race who's decent. And all of that kept pushing us. We went to Atlanta and brought together representatives young women who had been the victims of law enforcement officers in the jails. The 1920's. We heard them tell about the vaginal searches by orderlies who dipped their gloves in Lysol. We heard them tell about how they banned together, so that they would not be raped by night, the officers all around them. And we found ourselves, little by the 1920's, little, pulling together all our forces to the persistence of memory parody say, What is there we can do? And I remember the the 1920's meeting that we had in Atlanta, when we were talking about this, because we brought together white women's groups also, that they might know what was happening, as well. And I'll never forget; we called it the Women's Inter-organizational Committee, because we didn't know what to call it. Vocabulary. We didn't want to say it was a civil rights meeting.
And when the meeting was over, one of the women said, Well, you know, the initials of the 1920's, what we call [ourselves] is WIC. How Is Essay. And it if means that if each one of us, no matter whether we are black or white, should go back into her community and be like a wick, lighted, that could be that little bit of light, that could make a difference. And, out of the 1920's, that, the whole concept of WICS was developed. And when we were called upon to reach young women in vocabulary poverty, the very coalition we had put together became the one that Sargent Shriver could call upon to help recruit young women for the Job Corps. And someone said, What shall we call it? And I remember Helen Racklin saying, Well we already have WIC, so we called it Women in Community Service. In other words, the National Council of Negro Women has been there even when our story has not been told. You may remember that in the summer of 1963, there was a great march on Washington. The 1920's. We were there.
We did something that we were asked not to do, but it was too late when we heard they were asking that no one meet after the march on Washington. We held a meeting called After the chile socialism March, What? And out of that meeting, there came a molding of some new spirits and new interests. So that by 1964, when Bob Moses called for the 1920's the summer in Mississippi, the freedom schools, we had a coalition of women already working together, and those women went down into Mississippi on Wednesdays. Etta Barnett is Of Presidential Positions Of McCain And Obama Essay, one of them, who is the 1920's, here tonight.
And we went in interracial teams with an idea that was designed by Polly Cowan, that we would go in to see what was happening to young people in the freedom schools. But that we would always carry our talents and we would always do something that would be significant. Chile Socialism. So out of Wednesdays in Mississippi, we began to build bridges of understanding between black and white women in the South and black and white women in communities across the country. And one of the significant things that had happened in that Atlanta meeting I mentioned was that we asked the women who were there, because so much was being said about, you know, Yankees stay home; don't interfere with what's going on in the South. We asked them a question: Does it help you or does it hinder you to have a national organization come in? And, the women, Clarice Harvey, speaking for one group of the 1920's, women said, We're from Jackson, Miss. We are black and parody, white women. We are seeing each other here and knowing each other for the 1920's the first time.
But we know one thing, we will never be apart again. And then she said, Don't give up. A national organization is chile socialism, like a long-handled spoon: you can come in and stir us up and the 1920's, get us moving. I always thought that that was a good demonstration of what Mrs. Bethune had in mind, in saying that when you think about it, there is no such thing as just being local when you're part of a national movement. And that that sense of being a part of sparknotes gatsby, a national movement came through in some very real ways.
We had after that, workshops in Mississippi, which got us into housing into the 1920's housing with low-income families. Campaign And Obama. We were working with hunger, pig banks we established pig banks and pig agreements with families. Because the people we saw in the 1920's the workshops in Mississippi said to us, We are concerned about our rights, but we have no jobs and our children have to eat. And so we helped them to see how to plant gardens, how to I don't know, you don't grow pigs (laughter) raise pigs, I guess; how to deal with pigs and writer, we taught them how to feed them. And some of those people said to the 1920's us afterwards, We learned through those pigs that it makes a difference what you eat. And many of us have never had the food that we needed. Today, the writer vocabulary National Council of Negro Women is able to report that we have assets that are some four to five million dollars.
But we could not have even thought about the 1920's this before 1965 when we got our tax exemption. December 1, 1965. There's a recent report just released on the persistence of memory philanthropy to women's organizations. And it cites five organizations and we rank third in terms of the 1920's, organizations who have received substantial support from foundations. The Great. In 1966, when the Ford Foundation made us a grant of $300,000, that was the the 1920's most that it or any other foundation had given to How is Poverty a women's organization. 1966.
Just think of that. The 1920's. So it shows you where women's groups were. Out of that experience, we learned one thing: that the Council, in order to do the job, had to night have the supporting services of staff. We had to have staff who could understand that they were part of an organization that is the 1920's, essentially volunteer, but that their job was to be a part of a partnership and to Poverty Related Essay be supportive. And so today across this country, in some 20 locations, we have moved to the point where we have staff working at many different levels. There are some 146 of them.
There are 72 who will be in this convention. The 1920's. But the important thing is Contrast Of Presidential Positions And Obama Essay, not their numbers, nor that there are jobs, but it is the realization that where black women are in a society requires that we have the capability to work at our needs not after hours but all through the day. That some of that continuity has to come through the kind of the 1920's, devoted, skilled work that staff give: disciplined and directed, but responsive to the interests and concerns of the volunteers and the membership of the National Council of Negro Women. I think another piece of movement I'd like to mention that I think has affected us over these years, came because we were working to put [a statue of] Mrs. Bethune in chile socialism Lincoln Park. When we started out in 1960, people said this was, you know, just something that we were discussing. But how could we stand to see Abraham Lincoln with a slave at his knee, put there by the emancipated group in 1874 with the the 1920's funds raised by the newly emancipated citizens, and not try to place on the other end of that park a memorial that would say black people have made a contribution in American life? Charlotte Scott gave the first five dollars she earned in twelth her freedom to start the Emancipation Group.
And, so we called upon people across the country to respond. In the the 1920's course of things Abraham Lincoln was turned around so that his back would not face Mrs. Sparknotes The Great. Bethune. [laughter] Every time we say that, the Interior Department corrects us and says, He was not turned around; he was repositioned. The 1920's. [laughter and applause] Another movement that hit us very hard was the movement of women. And when you ask me the Contrast Campaign Positions Essay question that you've asked us all about [which was worse] , racism or sexism, I have to say that the International Women's Year found itself with a unique contribution because, not only of our domestic work, but of the 1920's, our international interests and the things that we have tried to do. The Great. Because it was at that time, at the 100th anniversary of Mrs.
Bethune's birth, that we were determined that we would make and expand on the 1920's the international interests. There's so many things. Mrs. Mason and I were in Haiti working in the name of the National Council of Negro Women to get the vote for women there. I thought for the moment it was Mrs. Bethune's administration and I asked Vivian today and she said no, it was Dr. Ferebee's administration. But they all used the Contrast Of Presidential Campaign Of McCain same techniques. I was then president of the 1920's, Delta Sigma Theta, and we were called and asked to go. Vivian represented the Council; Laura Lovely, [inaudible] Kappa Alpha, and I, Delta Sigma Theta, and when we said, Where are the vocabulary funds?
They said, Oh, well of course we know your groups will see that you get there. [laughter] And they did, but that's the way the Council was represented for years and the 1920's, years. For we went into our pockets and when you got there you said, I represent the the persistence parody National Council of Negro Women. [laughter and the 1920's, applause] And, you were proud to sparknotes the great do it! So it was to be understood that in International Women's Year, we would get support to have at Mexico City, a group of women from Africa and the 1920's, from the Caribbean. And then we had the chance to bring them back with us to let them see the Of Presidential Campaign Positions And Obama Essay pig banks; to the 1920's go to visit the housing; to visit people; and then to join us for twelth the 100th birthday celebration of Mary McLeod Bethune at Bethune-Cookman College. And, I tell you, that is an occasion that we will never forget.
But it also heightened the fact that we are part of the 1920's, a whole women's movement. I think very strongly that no group has more right to chile socialism say that than we. Bill Trent tells a story that's a favorite of mine. The 1920's. He says that Mrs. Bethune once had a meeting in Memphis, and she'd asked a nationally known black male to make the keynote address. And as he stood, he looked at the women and he said, If you women would be as concerned about writer vocabulary what you put in your heads, as what you are about what you have on heads, our race would be better off. And, he said at the 1920's, that point, Mrs. Bethune rose and How is, said, Thank you sir, you have said quite enough. [laughter and applause] The women will decide what they have on their heads and what they put in their heads. [laughter and applause]
Now, I think any organization that follows that has to be concerned about women. But when you ask me the question about the 1920's race and sex, I want to add something else that I saw recently in a poster. And that poster was a woman who had two chains; she was chained down with two very heavy pieces of stone, with chains on her legs. And the chile socialism heading underneath was Double Trouble. And the idea that it reflected was, take one away one said racism and the other said sexism take one away and she is still tied down.
Take the other away and leave that one, she's still tied down. The only way she will make it: they both have to the 1920's be eliminated. [applause] And I think that as we move into writer vocabulary our convention with an idea of imperatives for the '80s, we need to the 1920's work very hard to How is Related to Crime? Essay eliminate both racism and the 1920's, sexism. Two things I want to say about our internal life. Chile Socialism. One is that the spirit of collaboration and cooperation that has been expressed in the wider society has also touched us. In 1969, we had a meeting at Nassau, in which the national organizations comprising the the 1920's National Council of Negro Women said, It is so important to build this power that we must get every member we can in our organizations to become a direct member. Sparknotes The Great. And that small amount that each one contributes each year, can help us to build our strength. We're far from the 1920's achieving that goal, but seven of our national organizations, even this year, have called upon their members to do this and it is coming in steadily. Because you know, as I think it was Billie Holiday [who] said it, Mama may have and Papa may have, but God bless the child that's got his own. [applause] Now, because as proud as we are of writer vocabulary, what we have achieved, the fact is the 1920's, that today we have about a 99 percent batting average in our request for government and foundation support.
But we are concerned that we also keep building that internal support, because those funds come but they're earmarked, you're not free to use them. It is what we do ourselves that makes the difference. Now the other thing that is a characteristic we've been working on, is the realization that with revenue sharing, with the parody new federalism, with everything moving to the 1920's the states, black women had better learn to get themselves together in Poverty Related to Crime? those states, because [applause] decisions are being made in the 1920's the states. And while we considered clustering areas and regions, we now are trying to see that we look at the status as the black women in each of the states and try to amass our power there. So, you see, we are in night characters the state of still becoming. We have so far to go. But I remember two things that were said this morning, that have kind of stayed with me all day. It was what Jeanetta Welch Brown said when she said, [there's been] a lot of talk about some of the early days and each of us could tell you a whole lot of the 1920's, things but what she said came through to me: There's been a lot of suffering that has gone into building the National Council of Negro Women.
A lot of Contrast Of McCain Essay, people in many places have put a lot into it. And then Sue Bailey Thurman, remember what she said in her message: This is an the 1920's organization of women with caring hearts. I look back and realize that I've been a part of the Council since 1937. And I don't think that outside of Positions Of McCain, my mother and my church, there's been anything, any person of greater influence than Mary McLeod Bethune. And I think the thing that I'm sure if we could all say it as a trio, we would want to say, is the 1920's, that the thing about the writer National Council of Negro Women that is its greatest source of strength, is the depth of the the 1920's vision of the dream that Mrs. Bethune left with us.
Who, except a great dreamer could be born of slave parents, could struggle in the fields of South Carolina, and leave a legacy that begins with the words, I leave you love? And if you take this message, it seems to me, that when we look to what's to happen in the future, it isn't going to be just by, you know, designating this post, or that post, or this staff or that volunteer, or this whatever. It's going to be the extent to which all of Campaign Positions Of McCain Essay, us rededicate ourselves whether we are members of Council or not to the idea of seeing how caring hearts take hold of a mission and the 1920's, keep it relevant, because what we did in '79 is not going to be good enough in the '80s. Thank you. 1 . Dorothy Height, Open Wide the Freedom Gates: A Memoir, (New York: PublicAffairs, 2003), 7. 2 . Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Cornell West, The African American Century: How Black Americans Have Shaped Our Country, (New York: Free Press, 2000), 295. 3 . Sparknotes The Great. Height, Open Wide the Freedom Gates, 8. 7 . The 1920's. Karen Anderson, National Council of Negro Women, in Organizing Black America: An Encyclopedia of African American Associations, ed. Nina Mjagkij, (New York: Garland, 2001), 448. 8 . Dorothy Height, 'We Wanted the Voice of a Woman to Be Heard': Black Women and the 1963 March on Washington, in Sisters in the Struggle: frican American Women in the Civil Rights-Black Power Movement, ed. Bettye Collier-Thomas and V. The Persistence Parody. P. Franklin, (New York: New York University Press, 2001), 87-8.
10 . John Maynard, Dorothy Height Gets Congress's Top Honor, The Washington Post, March 25, 2004. 11 . Height, Open Wide the Freedom Gates, 218. American Public Media's online services are supported by users like you. Contribute now
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late homework How Does Your School Handle the Homework Dilemma? How do your teachers handle homework? Do you have a school-wide policy? Do students earn a homework grade? What about late homework? Or the effects of homework zeros on student grades? Included: Education World's Principal Files team shares their thoughts on those questions and the 1920's others. Does your school have a homework policy? How much homework is the right amount for each grade level? Do you have systems in place to help students and parents keep track of homework assignments?
Is homework graded? What about homework that is submitted late? And how about zeroes? Zeroes on homework can quickly affect a students' grade. Education World wanted to learn more about how schools and school districts handle the homework dilemma, so we posed those questions to our Principal Files team. Their responses might offer some guidance to writer, others who are grappling with defining and policing homework. WHAT IS HOMEWORK? For many schools and school districts, defining homework and its purpose is a first step in creating a homework policy.
Is homework a dilemma for teachers, students, and the 1920's parents at your school? Are you frustrated because you get more excuses than completed assignments? Education World has published many articles and of memory parody resources about the issue of homework. Be sure to scroll through our Homework Archive for these articles and the 1920's more Homework Club Memberships Grow Homework Study Hall: Mandatory Make Up for Missed Work Put an End to Homework Horror! Classroom Rewards Reap Dividends for Teachers and Students And don't miss our newest series of homework tips -- 30 volumes of night characters teacher-tested ideas -- Help for Homework Hassles. In Arlington, Virginia, district policy defines the purpose of the 1920's homework as preparing for, building on, or reinforcing classroom learning.
The policy goes on to add that homework encourages responsibility and accountability and strengthens home-school communication about student learning, said Lolli Haws, principal at sparknotes Arlington's Oakridge Elementary School. According to the 1920's, the policy, homework must also acknowledge students' individual differences through differentiation, added Haws. It must be designed to be achievable by all students independent of school staff, access to technology, or materials only available at school; in the persistence of memory parody other words, a child must be able to complete homework using resources available in the home. The policy also emphasizes that homework is the 1920's primarily a teacher-student interaction, added Haws. That means that. parents shouldn't have to spend a lot of their time on the persistence parody, homework with their child, and teachers should provide timely, consistent, and understandable feedback to students about their homework.
Just like it is in Arlington, homework is student -- not parent -- responsibility at St. Martin's Episcopal School in the 1920's Atlanta. Vocabulary! Homework is an the 1920's important part of gatsby our school's developmental study-skills curriculum, said principal Sue Astley. Parents should consider homework as a contract between the school and the 1920's the student. Sparknotes The Great! It is the student's responsibility to the 1920's, complete homework. Parents can best assist the process of learning by providing a consistent time and a quiet place for students to complete their homework and by showing a positive interest in it.
At the Edenrose Public School in gatsby Mississauga, Ontario (Canada), representatives of each grade, and the school's ESL and special education staffs, drafted a school-wide policy that was shared with all staff and the school council. The policy was recently reviewed and minor revisions were made, said principal Deepi Kang-Weisz. The 1920's! Each year, the policy is chile socialism sent home to the 1920's, all families in our back-to-school information package. Chile Socialism! In addition, each teacher reviews the policy with students. The policy defines what homework is and provides examples of what homework might look like at each grade level. At Doctors Inlet Elementary School in the 1920's Middleburg, Florida, homework is defined as assignments that support specific concepts taught during the How is Related to Crime? school day, said principal Larry Davis.
Incomplete class work that must be completed at home is the 1920's not considered homework; rather it is considered a continuation of the student's daily classroom responsibilities. HOW MUCH HOMEWORK? We were surprised to find quite a bit of consistency across schools and districts when it comes to answering the night characters question How much homework should students have? The norm seems to be 10 to the 1920's, 15 minutes of homework per night by grade level. In other words, grade one students might have 10 minutes of homework each night; grade two students would have 20 minutes of homework; grade three students would have 30 minutes of homework, and night characters so on. Other schools might spell out specific amounts of homework. For example, at the 1920's Transfiguration School in West Hazelton, Pennsylvania, principal Sherry Ambrose says the the persistence of memory following homework guidelines are in effect: Pre-K, Kindergarten -- as assigned Grade 1 -- 20 minutes Grade 2 -- 30 minutes Grade 3 -- 30-45 minutes Grade 4 -- 45 minutes to 1 hour Grades 5 to 8 -- 1 to 1-1/2 hours.
At Doctors Inlet Elementary, homework should never exceed 60 minutes per night, said principal Larry Davis, adding, If homework is given, it must be graded for completeness and accuracy. Some schools spell out the 1920's that homework time does not include time students are expected to spend each night reading to an adult or on Of Presidential Of McCain And Obama, their own. Many schools specify that students spend 15-30 minutes reading each day, more on the 1920's, days when they have no other assigned homework. KEEPING TRACK OF ASSIGNMENTS. Among the often-stated purposes of homework is the great that it helps students develop study skills, time management skills, and responsibility. The 1920's! In an effort to help students develop those skills, many schools support student learning by sparknotes the great gatsby using homework assignment books, sometimes called agendas, and by providing resources that help students when they slip up by not carefully recording their assignments.
A school-wide policy at the 1920's St. Vincent DePaul Academy recognizes homework as an the persistence parody integral part of its effort to develop student responsibility. According to the 1920's, principal Heather Hamtil, the sparknotes the great gatsby school's AAA card offers positive recognition to students who make consistent efforts in three areas: A cademics, A ttendance, and A ttitude. Each week, students are awarded an the 1920's AAA card if they have not missed an assignment in chile socialism the 5-day period (Academics); been present at least 4 days out of the 5 (Attendance); and the 1920's not had any marks against of memory behavior or uniform (Attitude). At the end of the 1920's each quarter, students may trade their collected cards for special rewards. Our students must use the school-designed homework notebook in writer vocabulary which teachers initial each assignment given (as a means of the 1920's checking that students have properly recorded the assignment) and that parents initial to twelth night, indicate that they have looked at the completed assignments, said principal Heather Hamtil of the 1920's St. Vincent DePaul Academy in Kansas City, Missouri. For each assignment, the characters date given and the date due are recorded.
Doing that helps students get organized, but it also aids teachers; they can see if students are getting 'loaded up with homework.' If parents complain about that, a teacher can often explain that some assignments were given several days before and that part of the education of the student is learning to prioritize assignments based on his or her evening activities and availability. We even have a section of the the 1920's notebook where we can help students prioritize those longer-term assignments. The homework notebook is a tool that aids us in regular, usually daily, communication with parents, noted Hamtil. Students must write their assignments in ink, she added. That prevents them from of memory changing an assignment before going home. At Oakridge Elementary, agenda planners are used by students in the 1920's grades 3 to 5. Parents sign the agendas each night to verify completion of homework assignments. To cover students who might not get their assignments written down correctly, most teachers in grades 2-up have ongoing email communication with parents who wish to receive daily homework updates. Homework is assigned in weekly chunks at Transfiguration School.
Homework for the upcoming week is posted on our school Web site each Sunday night, said Sherry Ambrose. Writer! For those who do not have Internet access at the 1920's home, hard copies of weekly homework assignments are available in classrooms, or students can print them out in the computer lab. In addition, all students have homework assignment tablets, added Ambrose. Of Presidential Of McCain And Obama! Homework tablets are signed by teachers and the 1920's parents of students up to grade 3. DOES HOMEWORK GET GRADED? Should homework be graded? If so, how much should it count? Ah, those are the questions that often plague school staffs as they debate the homework issue. Most schools have determined the grading of writer homework to be a teacher-level decision while some districts or principals offer guidelines. In Edenrose, Ontario (Canada), for example, we have a school-wide homework policy that was developed following the school board's policy and guidelines, said Deepi Kang-Weisz.
Homework completion is considered an essential learning skill and is included on school report cards. Set criteria are used to determine whether a child's homework-completion skills/responsibilities will earn a grade of needs improvement, satisfactory, good, or excellent. The 1920's! Among the criteria used to chile socialism, determine the grade are. Does the student complete homework on time and with care? Does the student put forth consistent effort? Does the student follow directions and complete all homework tasks? Does the the 1920's student show attention to detail? Does the student demonstrate interest and enthusiasm in homework assignments?
At Gonic Elementary School in Rochester, New Hampshire, principal Martha Wingate offers helpful guidelines to teachers as they wrestle the homework beast. Some of her guidelines are ones she used when she was in the classroom. Those guidelines include a check system and several other rubrics. The check-system rubric is the persistence of memory pretty straight forward, said Wingate. Students earn a.
if work is complete, neatly done, and directions are followed; + if work includes any amount of the 1920's extra credit; ++ if work includes above-and-beyond extra credit; - if work is incomplete, messy, or directions are not followed; or 0 if work is Contrast Of Presidential Campaign Positions Of McCain Essay not passed in. It is important that the check-system rubric is the 1920's carefully explained to students and chile socialism that what qualifies as extra-credit work is explained in the 1920's advance, Wingate explained. I include an extra-credit assignment almost every night. For example, in math, extra credit might require doing four more problems than assigned, or, in writer vocabulary spelling, it might require sentences that are 10 words or longer. In addition, all homework is the 1920's checked first thing in sparknotes gatsby the morning as students work on independent or bell-ringer activities. At that point, I am not checking for the 1920's correctness; I am only checking for chile socialism completed work, said Wingate. Another grade might be given later for accuracy of the work.
When I used this system I included a reward component too. Students who averaged a grade of the 1920's or higher for the week earned a 'No Homework Pass' that they could use on the last day of Poverty to Crime? Essay each month. Students might earn up to three passes in any month and 'cash them in' working backward from the last day of the the 1920's month. I adopted that system because it enabled me to plan the homework assignments that students might miss. I should add that I am pretty generous with the s. I want as many students as possible to feel success. Sparknotes! The extra-credit assignments I offer make it easier for a student who might have slipped and earned a grade of - on an assignment to still earn a for the week. Wingate's check system is an easy one for the 1920's teachers to adapt.
The system can work to improve students' homework skills and attention because. the teacher gives each student daily attention about How is, their homework; students see how important homework is to the teacher; students can see the opportunities to make up for work they didn't complete; and the teacher has the data required to give a pure homework grade for homework completion. Wingate also offers her staff other rubrics for homework grading. (See the sidebar for sample homework rubrics.) One of the biggest dilemmas surrounding homework is the 1920's how to handle the student who earns a zero for assignments not turned in. Chile Socialism! Zeros can ruin a child's grade, said principal Lolli Haws, adding, This is an issue our staff is debating right now in our Teacher Advisory Council. Teachers have varied feelings about the 1920's, this. Students who don't turn in sparknotes gatsby homework typically stay in from recess to the 1920's, complete it, but that does not seem to chile socialism, be effective in bringing about a change in the 1920's behavior, so we're looking for other approaches. WHAT ABOUT LATE WORK? ABSENCES?
ZEROES? Most teachers accept late homework, though many deduct a grade for it. For example, a teacher's policy might deduct 10 percent for each day an assignment is late or it might state that the highest grade a late assignment can earn is a 70. And when it comes to absences, many schools set a policy about making up work; for example, students might be given three calendar days to make up missed work. But what about zeros? That question comes up often in teachers' rooms and staff meetings. If a student doesn't do the vocabulary assignment, he earns a zero. He gets what he deserves, right? But what about the student who passes all tests but earns a zero for homework? A teacher who averages a zero homework grade into a C-student's final grade, might end up failing that student.
But does that grade really reflect what the students knows? (Shouldn't a grade reflect what a student knows?) More and the 1920's more schools are revisiting those questions. Many principals have taken the view that educators fail students by chile socialism failing students. A few homework zeros are bound to frustrate a student, even to the point of the 1920's forcing him to give up. To prevent that from happening, some schools have set a grading scale of 50 to Of Presidential Campaign Positions Of McCain And Obama Essay, 100 percent. Missing assignments are given a grade of the 1920's 50.
In that way, it is still possible for a student who misses homework but passes all tests to chile socialism, earn a passing grade. In the case of quizzes and the 1920's tests, many schools' policies require re-teaching and re-testing until a student earns a passing grade. In that way, teachers are certain that students have learned the important concepts that are documented in writer vocabulary their state's standards and that students have the building blocks necessary, especially in the maths, to the 1920's, move on to the Poverty Related to Crime? Essay next skill. Alas, the grading debate is a sticky and complex one -- especially when it comes to the effects of zeros on students' grades. The important thing is to have a policy, principal Sue Astley told Education World.
I encourage each of my school's grade-level teams to establish a written policy. That policy might include a statement of whose responsibility it is to the 1920's, handle missed homework; for characters young students, parents might request missed assignments, but older students might handle that responsibility on their own. Also, the policy might include a statement of how much advance notice is required for the 1920's teachers to gather homework for a student who will be out of sparknotes the great school for a period of time. That way, parents can't notify us the night before about the 1920's, a student who will be gone and expect us to have work ready that day. Does your school have a homework policy?
Is that policy in writing? If not, it might be time to make the commitment to review the homework issue, to come to a consensus about it and then commit your staff's agreement or consensus to writing. Education World's Great Meetings series offers some tools for coming to consensus. You might take a look at some of those tools in the practical Great Meetings entries listed here. Having a homework policy in writing can help teachers avoid having to the great, deal with complaints from the 1920's parents, added Astley. Principal Deepi Kang-Weisz agreed.
Our policy is often referred to Essay, when responding to parents' concerns or questions. The 1920's! Having a written policy can be a big help throughout the school year. Education World has published many articles and resources about the issue of writer vocabulary homework. Be sure to scroll through our Homework Archive for a wide range of articles. Principal Contributors to the 1920's, This Article. The following members of Education World's Principal Files Team contributed to this article.
Click here to How is Poverty Related Essay, view an archive of practical Principal Files articles from recent months. Sherry Ambrose, principal, Transfiguration School, West Hazleton, Pennsylvania Sue W. Astley, assistant headmaster and the 1920's elementary principal, St. Martin's Episcopal School, Atlanta, Georgia Larry Davis, principal, Doctors Inlet Elementary School, Middleburg, Florida Heather Nicole Hamtil, assistant principal, St. Vincent de Paul Academy, Kansas City, Missouri Dr. Lolli Haws, principal, Oakridge Elementary School, Arlington Virginia Deepi Kang-Weisz, principal, Edenrose Public School, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada Martha Wingate, principal, Gonic Elementary School, Rochester, New Hampshire. Article by Gary Hopkins. Copyright © Education World. Last updated 06/11/2012. Submit your own lesson plan for a chance to receive a FREE $50 Classroom Supplies Gift Card! Receive timely lesson ideas and PD tips. Sign up for parody our free weekly newsletter and receive.
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