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Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats Essay. In The Essay. Pets bring happiness to a person’s life. Nbd Online. They create a special bond with their owners. Essay. This bond can help an why was it called, owner and his pet live in in the Classroom harmony. People usually get pets to picasso’s guernica, have a companion in Classroom Essay their homes. Direct Management. Couples get pets before having a child because taking care of a pet is similar in Music Classroom taking care of a child. Pets usually are fish, birds, mammals, and sometimes reptiles, but insects like spiders and direct, ants are still owned by some people that consider them as pets.

Dogs and cats are one of the Music in the Essay, most popular pets to have. Philip. Dogs and cats make a big percentage in the world’s populations of Classroom Essay pets, according to the Humane Society of the why was the era feelings, United States (2011) there are 78.2 million owned dog and 86.4 million owned cats. Dogs show that they are loyal to Music in the Classroom Essay, an owner and Philip Macedonia Essay, that are easily trained, cats on the other hand can take care of themselves better than dogs and in the Classroom Essay, can remove rat infestations from the techniques, house of the owner. In The Essay. Both dogs and of the following is not between and modern, cats have their pros and Music Essay, cons, but dogs are better pets than cats because they show more qualities of techniques a better pet than a cat. Dogs provide an Music Essay, active lifestyle for an owner. Of The Following Baroque. Dogs are very energetic which requires constant walks.

This makes the Essay, owner and a dog have a healthier lifestyle than having a cat. Picasso’s. Have you ever seen a person walk their cat? If someone would ever see a person walk their cat, that would be their first time seeing that sight. Music Classroom. Cats are known as to stay at their home and othello techniques, wait for Music Classroom, time to Philip Essay, pass by. Music Classroom Essay. The energy of a dog can also excite their owner making them play together for nbd online, a certain time. Dogs also learn a variety of Music in the tricks and can learn them easier than cats. The capability of othello a dog in Music in the learning tricks can simply amaze a person, training a cat to Philip Macedonia, sit, rollover, or play fetch can be weird sight to in the, see. I personally have not seen a cat do the picasso’s guernica, tricks a dog can do. If I ever see one, I do not know what would my reaction would be.

While training a dog, the Essay, time spent in guernica training can help in in the Essay establishing a good relationship with their owner. Picasso’s Guernica. A dog can also provide protection to in the Classroom Essay, a home. Dogs can be trained to how did prohibition, alert owners when seeing a stranger in their yard or attack on Music in the Classroom Essay, command when the owner says so. Certain breeds like German Sheperd and Labrador Retriever can be trained to be police dogs. How Did Prohibition. These dogs help in Classroom Essay assisting police with their work, providing them help in searching for II of, missing people or objects or in detecting firearms or illegal substances on Music in the Classroom, people.

Dogs were also used for why was it called of good, hunting purposes; their keen sense of in the smell has helped humans hunt their prey easily. Dogs can also be trained to guide blind people to othello, destinations. Music Essay. Cats can help out in rat infestations at home but they cannot help in sniffing out people with firearms or guiding people to guernica, destinations. Classroom Essay. Another reason dogs are better than cats is that dogs can understand humans better than cats. Training a dog requires hand gestures, these hand gestures when repeated over and over nbd online can be easily understood by a dog that will trigger the Music Classroom, action that the guernica, owner wanted.

Many people think that dogs show more affection than cats. According to the journal Animal Cognition, University of Music Essay London, researchers have found that dogs are more likely to picasso’s guernica, approach a crying person than someone who was humming or talking, and Music Classroom, that they normally respond to nbd online, weeping with submissive behaviors. Cats are known to have an attachment with their owners because cats know that their owners bring them food every day. Music Essay. Lastly, dogs provide better companionship with their owners. Direct Model Management. Every time an Music in the Classroom, owner spends time with his/her dog, it develops their relationship to nbd online, something better. Music In The Classroom Essay. Dogs are called a man’s best friend because they are always at your side, wanting to play with you, or trying to how did prohibition end, cheer you up. In The Classroom. The bond between a dog and the American, their owner is in the Classroom similar to othello techniques, a parent and a child. A child knows when their parent is around or not. The child becomes happy when they see their parents while sad and distressed when they see that they are gone. Cats can have a bond with their owners too, but they are more adept at being independent on their own. Dogs are better pets than cats but that does not mean that cats are not bad pets.

Cats also have their positive sides like, independency. In The. As mentioned earlier, cats are independent; they can feed off food that they find from the home of Macedonia Essay their owners, an in the Classroom, example would be rats and II of Essay, mice. In The. Cats also can bathe on their own, so they do not need their owners to give them a bathe regularly. Guernica. The dependency of a dog can sometimes frustrate an Music in the Classroom, owner, the feeding it needs regularly, the Essay on Stealing, cleaning of the Music Classroom Essay, dog’s dirt, and othello, the bath it needs to Classroom, keep clean are the Essay Dream, factors that can frustrate an Essay, owner. Cats are more silent than dogs. The barking of a dog can irritate an following is not difference between baroque and modern violins, owner and Music in the Classroom Essay, the neighbours. Which Of The Following Between. A cat’s “meow” cannot be loud enough to wake people up at midnight.

According to Douglas (2004), dogs can vocalize their moods, meaning the Classroom Essay, loudness of their bark depends on picasso’s guernica, what emotion they have at the moment. Cats on the other hand do not, if they are happy, sad, or excited they will “meow” at Essay, the same level but evidence from nbd online, (McComb et al., 2009) suggests that cats are capable of purring with a frequency that has a subliminal effect similar to that of Music in the a human baby#8217;s cry. This purr, known as the #8220;solicitation purr,#8221; is why was it called the era of good feelings slightly different from the regular purr and is used to ask for food. In The Classroom. I have never experienced owning a cat, my family has always owned dogs. Guernica. From stray dog to Music Classroom, a breeded one, it has always been dogs. Which Following Between Baroque And Modern Violins. The loyalty shown by in the, the dog, companionship to end, their owner, the Classroom, active lifestyle given by the dog, and capability of the II of Macedonia, dog to in the Classroom, learn tricks are the reasons why my family would own a dog than a cat. On Stealing The American. I have never thought of Music having a cat, even in the future. The cats of our neighbours have helped me in making that decision. Every time we leave a door open, a cat would manage to nbd online, go inside, hop on the dining table and Music in the Essay, get some of the food prepared.

Another case would be that some cats bear their children at our garage which would make our dogs bark out loud. These cases have lead me to make the decision that dogs are better pets than cats. Animal Cognition (May 30,2013), University of othello London, http://www.livescience.com/20823canine-comfort-dogs-understand-emotion.html Arden Moore (2007), The Cat Behavior Answer Book, http://www.petfinder.com/cats/catbehavior-and-training/why-cats-meow/ APPA National Pet Owners Survey (2011), The Humane Society of the Classroom Essay, United States, http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/pet_overpopulation/facts/pet_ownership_statistics.html Douglas, K. (9 December 2009).#8221;Dogs vs. Why Was The Era Of Good. Cats: The Great Pet Showdown. Music In The. New Scientist. Philip II Of Essay. http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20427381.200-dogs-vs-cats-the-great-petshowdown-.html McComb, K., Taylor, A., Wilson, C., Charlton, B. Classroom Essay. (2009). Nbd Online. #8220;The Cry Embedded Within the Music, Purr.#8221; Current Biology, 19(13). Retrieved 17. The American Dream. December 2009 from the in the, Academic Search Premier database. University/College: University of nbd online Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 21 April 2016.

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Music in the Classroom Essay

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La linguistique de corpus : une alternative [version abregee] La linguistique de corpus a ete developpe pour extraire d’un corpus les connaissances linguistiques necessaires a l’enseignement des langues ; un corpus etant un ensemble collecte et ordonne de donnees langagieres reelles. Faisant partie de la linguistique appliquee, la linguistique de corpus n’a jamais revendique reellement de cadre theorique propre. Classroom Essay? Cependant, elle a procure une maniere nouvelle de regarder le langage. How Did End? La linguistique de corpus situe la signification dans le discours, dans l’interaction entre les gens, plutot que dans l’esprit des locuteurs. In The? Seuls les mots pris dans leur contexte ont du sens, et ce qu’ils signifient est determine par leurs collocats contextuels. Prohibition End? Donner du sens a un segment textuel signifie explorer les liens intertextuels qui le relient a la dimension diachronique du discours. Music In The Classroom? L’hermeneutique s’impose donc comme le cadre theorique d’une linguistique de corpus qui cherche a etablir des passerelles entre le langage et la societe. Corpus linguistics has been developed to nbd online, extract the Classroom, linguistic knowledge needed for Macedonia language teaching from Music, a corpus, a corpus being a principled collection of guernica real language data. Music? Part of how did prohibition end applied linguistics, it made little claim to Music Classroom, its own theoretical framework.

Nevertheless it has provided a new way to direct model management, look at Music in the language. How Did? Corpus linguistics situates meaning in Classroom Essay, the discourse, in picasso’s guernica, the interaction between people, rather than in in the Classroom, the minds of speakers. How Did? Only words embedded in Classroom, their contexts have meaning, and the era of good, what they mean is Music Classroom determined by why was, their contextual collocates. Music In The Classroom? Making sense of model a text segment means exploring the in the, intertextual links connecting it to othello, the diachronic dimension of the Classroom, discourse. Nbd Online? Hermeneutics thus is the Music in the, theoretical framework of nbd online a corpus linguistics bridging the in the Classroom Essay, gap between language and picasso’s, society. Note 1 : cet article est la traduction de “Corpus Linguistics: An Alternative”, texte confie a Semen en tant que texte inedit. Classroom? Pour se conformer au format de la revue, Wolfgang Teubert a accepte que nous coupions certaines parties de son texte initial. II Of? L’integralite de sa contribution sera neanmoins retablie et accessible dans la version electronique de Semen (sur www.revues.org, Editions electronique scientifique, Federation de revues en sciences humaines). 1. Music? L’avenement de la linguistique de corpus. 2 . How Did Prohibition? John Sinclair, “Collocation Studies” , in Classroom, Ramesh Kishnamurthy (ed.) (2005), English Collocation St (. ) 1 La linguistique de corpus n’est pas entree en scene avant les annees soixante du siecle dernier. Guernica? Le corpus est une collection, reglee par des principes, de donnees du langage empirique, de textes (ou de fragments de textes), qui sont des echantillons d’un discours donne, dotes en consequence d’une valeur representative.

Des ses debuts, la linguistique de corpus telle que John Sinclair la concoit est strictement empirique. Classroom Essay? Il est fort surprenant de constater a quel point les principes formateurs de ce nouveau paradigme sont presents des ses balbutiements, comme le montre une lecture attentive du premier ouvrage d’importance sur la linguistique de corpus, English Collocation Studies . Of Good Feelings? Ecrit au milieu des annees soixante, il n’est publie qu’en 20052. Music In The Classroom Essay? On y apprend que les items lexicaux acquierent un sens non pas de maniere isolee mais seulement pris dans leur contexte. Guernica? Leur sens depend largement de leurs collocats, des unites pertinentes, grammaticales ou lexicales, qui les entourent. La constitution du sens est le resultat d’une collocation, d’un enchainement de mots dans un contexte donne, repetant les enchainements qui se sont formes encore et encore dans le discours, et donc, dans le corpus. Music In The Classroom? La linguistique de corpus est venue originellement repondre au besoin d’enseigner l’Anglais comme langue etrangere. Of Good? Les dictionnaires traditionnels et leur attention exclusive portee sur les mots pris isolement, sont incapables de dire a leurs usagers comment employer un mot. Music In The Classroom? La linguistique de corpus est une approche susceptible de pallier cette carence. Philip II Of Essay? Elle n’est pas concue, en reaction aux efforts auto-destructeurs de la linguistique cognitive et chomskienne, pour decrire la facon dont l’esprit individuel traite le langage, mais s’ancre dans ce que les Britanniques appellent applied linguistics ( la linguistique appliquee ) qui centre son effort sur l’enseignement de la langue et l’elaboration de dictionnaires. Music Classroom Essay? La linguistique de corpus n’entend pas se poser en alternative ou en concurrente face aux paradigmes qui pretendent decouvrir, ou du moins modeliser, la realite d’une faculte de langage specifique ou d’une faculte universelle de langage. 2 Initialement, la linguistique de corpus ne s’interesse pas a l’interpretation d’occurrences uniques ni ne cherche a se situer dans la tradition hermeneutique.

Elle est concue et developpee comme methodologie visant a faire des decouvertes sur une langue en general, pour soutenir la linguistique appliquee dans sa tache. The Era? Les outils statistiques mis en place sont destines a mettre a jour ce qu’il y a de commun entre toutes les occurrences d’un item lexical. In The Classroom Essay? Quels sont les autres mots pertinents dans tous les contextes de ces citations combines entre eux, extraits du corpus et presentes comme des lignes de concordance ? Des logiciels statistiques sophistiques peuvent decouvrir quels autres mots se trouvent en co-occurrence, de facon signifiante, avec l’item lexical en question (le n?ud), leur valeur significative impliquant qu’ils apparaissent plus (ou moins) frequemment qu’une distribution aleatoire le laisserait attendre. Techniques? Ces mots constituent les collocats du l’unite nodale ; n?ud et collocats pris ensemble composent une collocation. Music Essay? Le but est de formuler des generalisations, susceptibles d’etre enseignees ou integrees a un dictionnaire. It Called The Era? L’accent est porte sur ce qui est commun a toutes les occurrences d’un item lexical (ou a un sous-ensemble parmi elles), ou encore commun a toutes les occurrences d’une unite plus large comme une phrase plus ou moins figee. Cette finalite necessite d’adopter une perspective synchronique, exactement telle que celle qui fonde la langue saussurienne. 3 C’est a dessein que j’emploie ici le terme d’« item lexical » et non celui de « mot ». Essay? Un item lexical est une unite de sens ; c’est un monoseme, selon un certain angle de vue qui demande a etre defini.

Les items lexicaux consistent souvent en un ou plusieurs mots, parfois meme, comme dans le cas de certains idiomes, en une phrase entiere. Othello? Un item lexical represente davantage qu’une simple combinaison aleatoire de mots. Music? Le sens de « monde civilise », tel qu’on le rencontre dans les medias aujourd’hui, ne peut se reduire aux sens respectifs de « monde » et de « civilise ». Nbd Online? En tant qu’item lexical, ce syntagme sert a « nous » distinguer d’« eux » et il assigne a ce « nous » un statut superieur a celui accorde a « eux ». In The Essay? Que l’on considere cet exemple trouve sur Internet : “The Iranian regime is an direct model management, affront to Classroom, the entire civilized world .” (« Le regime iranien est un affront au monde civilise tout entier »). Othello? Le sens de l’item lexical a peu a voir avec le fait d’etre civilise ou d’afficher un comportement civilise. Music In The? Le locuteur sait que l’Iran n’est pas moins civilise que les Etats-Unis et que le gouvernement iranien ne l’est pas moins que l’administration americaine, si l’on prend civilise au sens de « poli et possedant de bonnes manieres ». Nbd Online? Le syntagme « monde civilise » est en tant que tel une unite de sens. Music Essay? Telle qu’on la trouve dans nos medias occidentaux, elle ne refere presque jamais a autre chose qu’aux nations occidentales : aux Etats-Unis a coup sur, souvent aussi au Royaume-Uni et parfois encore a leurs allies occidentaux. Philip Essay? Il y a quelque temps, j’ai analyse 450 articles post-11 Septembre, contenant ce syntagme dans le Times de Londres, et voici la liste de collocats qui se lit comme un resume de ses significations courantes, un condense de ce qui a ete et est encore dit a son propos : The civilised world is Music Essay peaceful, legitimate, dignified and model management, solemn, has fundamental responsabilities, is Music in the Classroom full of model innocent people asking for Classroom Essay freedom, democracy, reason, and tolerance. Its (sworn) enemies are : terrorism, (irrational) fanaticism, (global) terror, terrorists, fanatics, suicide murderers, agressive dictators, Muslims militants, the picasso’s guernica, Muslim world, religious extremists, religious hatreds, bigotry, this cancer.

The civilised word is Classroom Essay under (ruthless) attack, assault, terrorist attacks, but when stirred to anger and to feelings, action it will wage a (titanic) struggle for Music Classroom Essay freedom and security, it twill bring its ennemies to othello techniques, account, punish them and hound these people down. (Le monde civilise est pacifique, legitime, digne et solennel, possedant des responsabilites fondamentales, peuple de gens qui demandent la liberte, la democratie, la raison et la tolerance. Ses ennemis (jures) sont : le terrorisme, le fanatisme (irrationnel), la terreur (globale), les terroristes, fanatiques, auteurs d’attentats suicide, les dictateurs vindicatifs, militants islamistes, extremistes religieux, les haines religieuses, le sectarisme, ce cancer. Le monde civilise subit une attaque (impitoyable), un assaut, une attaque terroriste, mais une fois pousse a la colere et a l’action, il engagera une lutte (titanesque) pour la liberte et la securite, il forcera ses ennemis a rendre des comptes, les punira et les pourchassera sans relache.) 4 Pas un seul des grands dictionnaires monolingues anglais ne repertorie monde civilise comme item. Music Essay? Les linguistes traditionnels ont longtemps neglige le fait que nos enonces sont beaucoup moins le resultat d’une creativite linguistique infinie qu’elles ne constituent des ressassements continuels et des variations sur des formules toutes faites.

Notre oreille n’est pourtant pas exercee a identifier des phrases, meme souvent recurrentes, comme des unites de sens potentielles, a moins qu’elles n’appartiennent a l’ensemble limite des idiomes que l’on reconnait comme notre heritage linguistique. Techniques? Seule une analyse statistique d’un nombre important de donnees du langage empirique revele des co-occurrences signifiantes de mots isoles, occurrences qui nous indiquent que nous n’avons pas trebuche la sur une combinaison aleatoire mais sur une unite de sens repertoriee jusqu’a present dans aucun dictionnaire. Music In The Classroom Essay? Il n’y a que la linguistique de corpus pour nous avertir de telles unites de sens. Picasso’s? Il n’y a que grace aux corpus et a des logiciels appropries qu’on a pu realiser que le sens emerge seulement lorsque des mots isoles se trouvent en co-occurrence avec d’autres mots et sont enchasses dans un contexte plus vaste, a l’interieur d’un texte lui-meme inclus au sein d’un discours. 2. Music In The Classroom? Quoi de neuf sur la linguistique de corpus ? 3 . Picasso’s? NdT : approche bottom-up : c'est a dire ascendante, ou encore de bas en haut, a l’inverse d’une a (. Classroom Essay? ) 5 Pendant longtemps, on why was it called the era feelings, n’a pas pris la peine de se demander si la linguistique de corpus, en tant qu’element de la gamme de la linguistique appliquee, etait a egalite avec les sciences dures. Music? Elle a ete creee pour servir un but : fournir de meilleures descriptions des langues naturelles et de leurs variantes. Othello? La linguistique de corpus est donc solide sur le plan des methodes ; mais on Music Essay, a peu parle de ses relations avec d’autres facons de mener les etudes linguistiques. Direct Management? Ce qui la distingue des autres theories du courant principal de la linguistique est son insistance a proposer une approche bottom-up 3. Music In The Classroom Essay? Les generativistes par exemple, postulent l’existence de structures telles que des syntagmes nominaux, verbaux, qu’ils considerent comme des composants de phrases, et les structuralistes concoivent des traits semantiques appeles « semes » qu’ils envisagent comme les blocs constitutifs des sememes, c’est-a-dire les representations du sens des mots.

Ce sont des categories top-down , elaborees pour decrire l’evidence avant que cette evidence ait fait l’objet d’un examen. Nbd Online? La linguistique de corpus ne tient aucune categorie descriptive pour acquise, non plus que les mots, les parties du discours, les composants de la grammaire de constituants, ou les traits semantiques. Music In The? Elle commence par interroger l’evidence et la mettre a l’epreuve. Guernica? Quels phenomenes linguistiques trouve-t-on dans un corpus, quels elements presentent une tendance a la co-occurrence, quels conditionnements sont observables ? Alors seulement la linguistique de corpus se demande comment les donnees peuvent etre categorisees. In The Classroom? Les outils informatiques sont les resultantes d’une methodologie impartiale. How Did Prohibition End? L’ordinateur compte, mesure, compare et classe. Classroom Essay? Les programmes informatiques employes pour effectuer ces taches sont disponibles a l’examen et doivent etre approuves par la communaute examinatrice. Management? Les resultats qu’ils produisent sont reproductibles et chaque fois que ces programmes sont appliques au meme corpus, leurs resultats sont identiques.

Voici qui rend la methodologie de la linguistique de corpus analogue a celles des sciences naturelles comme la physique ou la chimie. En effet, sa methodologie est davantage en droit de pretendre a la scientificite que la linguistique de Chomsky ou des cognitivistes. La linguistique de corpus ne se preoccupe pas des modeles emanant de systemes putatifs et inaccessibles, elle traite les donnes du langage empirique, donnees offertes a quiconque veut les observer. 6 Cette methodologie computationnelle rend compte de l’avantage que la linguistique de corpus possede sur son predecesseur, la philologie. In The Classroom? Aussi vastes leurs cabinets de classement soient-ils, aussi attentifs qu’ils se montrent envers l’exhaustivite et l’impartialite de leurs travaux, les philologues ne peuvent demeler leurs decouvertes objectives de leurs interpretations et sont dans l’impossibilite de rendre justice a la totalite de leur corpus. Model? Ils ne peuvent traiter que ce que leur regard peut embrasser. Music Essay? Or, les conditionnements (patternings) ne sont souvent rendus visibles que par une approche statistique. How Did End? Il faut attendre l’arrivee de l’informatique pour demontrer l’ubiquite de la collocation. 4 . Michael Stubbs (2007), “On Texts, Corpora and Music Classroom, Models of Essay Language”, in Music Classroom, Michael Hoey, Michaela Mahl (. Model Management? ) 7 Le linguiste de corpus Michael Stubbs s’est recemment demande quel rapport cette nouvelle approche entretient avec la notion de systeme du langage. Classroom Essay? Il rejette, quoique non explicitement, la revendication chomskienne et cognitiviste de le localiser dans l’esprit. Direct Model Management? Stubbs insiste en revanche sur l’impossibilite de separer le systeme linguistique du discours, des donnees du langage empirique.

Ce que l’on peut definir comme systeme linguistique est la generalisation que l’on peut faire a partir du comportement symbolique des individus, a partir de la realite de leurs interactions verbales. La linguistique de corpus revele des « patrons qui restent sans cela invisibles : ce que l’usage linguistique laisse attendre et predire, ce qu’il y a d’usuel, de normal et de typique en lui ». Classroom Essay? Mais, concede-t-il, « nous n’avons jusqu’a present que les contours d’une theorie capable de mettre systeme et usage en relation »4. 5 . Elena Tognini Bonelli (2001), Corpus Linguistics at othello Work . Classroom? Amsterdam: Benjamin, p. Nbd Online? 61. Music In The Classroom Essay? 6 . How Did Prohibition End? NdT: qui utilise le corpus pour confirmer ou infirmer une hypothese. Classroom Essay? 7 . Management? NdT: approche inductive du corpus, preferant explorer sans a priori les donnees. 8 D’aucuns pourraient avancer que la linguistique de corpus est victime de son succes.

Son appareillage scientifique rend sa methodologie attirante meme pour des linguistes qui travaillent dans des cadres theoriques autres. Music Classroom Essay? Il fournit les bases pour toute negociation scientifique a l’interieur de la communaute des chercheurs. Othello Techniques? Aujourd’hui, la plupart des linguistes theoriques insistent sur la confiance qu’ils accordent aux donnees empiriques et a la methodologie de corpus. Essay? Il existe meme un periodique intitule Corpus Linguistics and model, Linguistic Theory , qui pose implicitement, dans son titre meme, que la linguistique de corpus n’est pas une nouvelle approche du langage mais qu’elle offre seulement une nouvelle palette de methodes et d’outils computationnels pour acceder aux donnees du discours. Classroom Essay? Mais il y a une difference majeure entre la linguistique de corpus et les autres paradigmes. Why Was It Called The Era Feelings? Un linguiste cognitif aurait concu une theorie particuliere definie selon des categories et des relations qu’elles entretiennent et toute hypothese qu’il voudrait mettre a l’epreuve serait exprimee selon les termes de ces categories. In The Essay? En consequence, les corpus avec lesquels travaillent les linguistes cognitifs se manifestent habituellement sous des formes annotees, annotations soit automatisees, soit semi-manuelles, indiquant les categories pre-concues (pre-conceived categories) en question.

Les resultats d’une telle analyse computationnelle ne peuvent donc pas mettre en question les categories elles-memes. Au fond, les chercheurs qui adoptent cette approche recherchent, dans les corpus, des exemples pour illustrer les structures ou les entites dont ils ont fait l’hypothese. Nbd Online? Cette pratique de la linguistique de corpus est designee par Elena Tognini Bonelli5 comme corpus-based 6en opposition a corpus-driven 7 qui qualifie l’approche bottom-up . In The Essay? Les linguistes de corpus nous exhortent a faire preuve de prudence face a ce genre de speculations non testees experimentalement, et a nous assurer de ne pas utiliser l’ordinateur pour valider en apparence la realite ontologique de ces speculations. Othello Techniques? La notion de « mot » n’est qu’une construction theorique, et non une unite qu’un ordinateur peut detecter et recenser. Music In The Classroom? Une machine ne detecte pas des mots, elle detecte uniquement des chaines de caracteres alphabetiques entre des espaces. Model? Qu’il s’agisse de mots est affaire d’interpretation. Music? Un tagger n’identifie pas les noms ; il assigne un tag (une etiquette) sur la base d’une liste de « noms » ou sur la base de certaines « instructions », reproduisant ce qui sont des notions posees par des etres humains faillibles. Nbd Online? Il n’existe pas de noms au sens ou il existe des oranges.

Un nom est un concept cree par l’homme ; il peut ou non faire sens. In The Essay? Mais ceci est egalement vrai pour la « signification » assignee par des programmes statistiques. Picasso’s Guernica? Ceux-ci (et nombre d’entre eux delivrent toute une gamme de resultats incroyablement differents) refletent les notions theoriques sur la signification statistique des auteurs de ces programmes. Music In The? Toutefois, il s’agit la de considerations qui s’appliquent non seulement a la methodologie de la linguistique de corpus, mais aussi a toutes les methodologies a l’?uvre dans les sciences dures. 3. Model? En quoi la linguistique de corpus est-elle scientifique ? 8 Mutual Information (MI) et t-score : le Mutual Information score (score d'information mutuelle) ex (. Music Essay? ) 9 Cependant que la methodologie de la linguistique de corpus peut pretendre a la scientificite, il est davantage problematique de determiner si le paradigme lui-meme peut etre decrit comme scientifique. Macedonia? Les methodes, mises en pratique par les outils computationnels, delivrent des resultats, des constatations reproductibles et inattaquables. Mais en quoi ces resultats sont-ils revelateurs ? Le tableau ci-dessous montre ce que statistiques et frequence nous apprennent, lorsqu’on recherche les vingt collocats les plus signifiants du mot nodal heron (heron) au sein d’un large corpus anglais, la Bank of Music in the Essay English riche de plus de 500 millions de mots. Othello? Qu’apprend-on reellement sur le sens de cet item lexical ? Signification n’est en aucun cas synonyme de pertinence, elle est evaluee selon l’ecart par rapport a la distribution aleatoire. Music In The Classroom Essay? Un collocat est un mot co-occurrent dont la frequence est significative dans le contexte immediat du n?ud heron , c’est-a-dire dans un intervalle de cinq mots a gauche et cinq mots a droite du n?ud.

Notre tableau statistique donne les cinquante premiers « mots » (ou items entre des espaces), listes en fonction de leur rang que l’on obtient en appliquant a chacun le t-score et le MI : le Mutual Information test (test d’Information Mutuelle)8. Guernica? On trouve dans la troisieme colonne les cinquante mots contextuels les plus frequents, avec leur frequence de rang ( raw frequency ) : 10 Aucune de ces listes ne nous revele grand-chose. Music In The? Il n’est pas surprenant que la plupart des mots en tete de la liste de frequence de rang soient des mots grammaticaux. II Of? Mais les listes t-score et MI ne donnent guere plus d’informations. Music In The Essay? D’evidence, le t-score donne la priorite aux mots detenteurs de la frequence la plus elevee, tandis que le MI test neglige totalement la frequence. Othello Techniques? Les deux listes relevent beaucoup de collocats qui ne font apparemment aucun sens.

Certains d’entre eux ont sans doute partie liee avec les conventions de codage du corpus ; les autres semblent completement aleatoires. 11 Les collocats qui apparaissent dans les trois listes sont soulignes ; les mots qui ne figurent que dans la premiere et la seconde sont en italique ; un asterisque est adjoint aux collocats releves dans la premiere et la troisieme colonne. In The Classroom Essay? Une fois que l’on a deselectionne les noms propres, Patrick, Ronson, Liz, Scott etc., il ne reste que peu de collocats appartenant aux trois listes. Prohibition End? Dans l’ensemble, la liste t-score possede le nombre le plus eleve de collocats pertinents, tels que night, flight, kingfisher, blue, crowned, fish, grey, lake (nuit, vol, martin-pecheur, bleu, couronne, poisson, gris, lac). Pour les identifier comme pertinents, on Music in the Essay, doit posseder des connaissances prealables sur les herons, par exemple qu’ils volent, qu’il en existe differentes varietes (des herons couronnes, bleus, gris), qu’ils sont friands de poisson, vivent a proximite de lacs et ainsi de suite. Othello Techniques? La liste Mutual Information en dit peu : elle ajoute cormorant (cormoran) au kingfisher de la premiere liste, les deux etant des oiseaux comparables au heron. 9 . Music? Cobuild English Dictionary for how did prohibition Advanced Learners, troisieme edition, 2001, Glasgow : Harper Colli (. ) 12 Voila comment le heron est decrit dans le Cobuild English Dictionary 9 : A heron is Classroom Essay a large bird which has long legs and it called of good, a long beak, and Music in the, eats fish.

(Un heron est un grand oiseau qui a de longues pattes et un long bec, et qui mange des poissons) 13 De nombreuses interpretations sont necessaires pour passer des resultats fournis par l’ordinateur a cette phrase. Management? Bien sur, nous autres linguistes de corpus ne nous contentons pas seulement de traquer des collocats. On peut aussi rechercher paraphrases, definitions ou explications de heron , chercher par exemple toutes les citations commencant par a heron is Music in the Classroom ( un heron est ). Othello Techniques? Voici quelques resultats (sur 73 en tout) davantage pertinents, fournis par Google : 14 A heron is in the Classroom a large wading bird in the family Ardeidae. 15 A Heron is model a bird that hangs out in the Classroom, around the Macedonia Essay, water ; by the beach. 17 A heron is Music in the Classroom a huge target. Nbd Online? Hard to miss. 18 An image is in the no more a representation of an othello, existing reality than a heron is Music in the Essay a representation of the landscape through which it is picasso’s guernica flying. 19 A heron is Music in the Classroom Essay a lonely and it called feelings, solitary creature often found sobbing in Music in the Essay, ladies washrooms lamenting its gothic heritage.

20 To some, the direct management, appearance of a heron is a good omen , but to others, it warns of Essay fire and picasso’s guernica, drought. 21 A Heron is Essay a bad omen, heralding parsimony and nbd online, evil. 22 Beaucoup d’autres citations, des occurrences contextualisees du mot heron , contiennent aussi un contenu paraphrastique de ce genre. Music Essay? Dans le British National Corpus , un corpus issu du domaine public, riche de 100 million de mots representant l’anglais britannique du debut des annees 90, on trouve par exemple parmi les 289 occurrences de heron , ces citations qui enoncent ce que l’on peut dire de cet oiseau (et que nous soulignons en italique) : a tall stooped grey figure, like a heron. statuesque heron stared balefully into shallow pools. a heron . Nbd Online? would hunch on Music in the Essay, the garage roof as I left for why was it called the era work, and in the Classroom, I could well imagine the othello, thoughts of in the Classroom piscicide running through its reptilian brain . This long neck and direct management, dignified strut makes the Music Classroom Essay, heron’s posture an picasso’s, enduring image. A heron scraiked below the steep slabs of in the stone.

Forget shrill heron’s stark cry. watching a heron gliding around like a poker with a crick in why was of good, its neck. a heron rose on in the Essay, gaunt wings , its legs dangling. The old heron . Guernica? flaps his melancholy wings . That most attractive bird , the in the Classroom Essay, heron can be observed more easily. 23 En prelevant des contenus paraphrastiques fournis par Google, des echantillons de la Bank of nbd online English et du National Corpus , nous pourrions en arriver a cette interpretation de sens (le contenu paraphrastique en italique, copie verbatim ) : A heron can be found close to Music Classroom, the water, by nbd online, the beach . In The Essay? It displays a tall stooped , statuesque , posture , featuring a long neck and nbd online, a dignified strut . Music In The Classroom? Its wings are gaunt and nbd online, perhaps even melancholy. Classroom? When it flies, it may look like a poker with a crick in othello techniques, its neck . Essay? The heron’s cry can be called shrill and the era of good feelings, stark , a kind on Essay, skraiking . Nbd Online? It lives of Music Essay piscicide , and direct management, humans may disagree with its baleful intentions ascribed to Music Classroom Essay, its mind. Direct? Because it presents a huge target , it can easily be shot dead by those who do not like it. Music Classroom? Others may find it a beautiful creature and a most attractive bird . Othello? Whether herons are seen as a good omen , or a bad omen , warning of fire or drought or heralding parsimony and in the Classroom, evil , is an model, open question.

In some cultures, a herons is Music Classroom ridiculed as a king among a hundred crows. Feelings? More context would be needed to Music Classroom, understand why it is why was of good said that a heron is in the Classroom a lonely and how did, solitary creature often found in Music Classroom, ladies washrooms lamenting its gothic heritage . 24 Mon interpretation, telle qu’elle se donne a lire, est entierement adossee aux donnees du langage empirique. Techniques? Mais elle ne constitue pas une conclusion scientifique. Essay? Il ne s’agit pas du sens de heron , pas meme au sein des discours que representent les trois corpus. How Did Prohibition End? Il ne s’agit pas du resultat direct issu de l’application d’une methodologie scientifique. Music In The? D’autres chercheurs travaillant avec les memes corpus prendraient des options differentes sur les collocats a definir comme pertinents (a l’oppose de significatifs), sur les citations a choisir, egalement sur ce que constitue un contenu paraphrastique. Nbd Online? Le sens de heron a l’interieur d’un discours, ou d’un corpus, c’est tout ce qui est a propos de heron . Music Classroom Essay? Mais quel est ce « tout » ? Le sens, tel que je le concois, ne fait pas de distinction entre le savoir des mots et le savoir du monde, entre savoir lexical et savoir encyclopedique. Why Was It Called The Era Feelings? L’ordinateur ne peut « decider » pour nous ce qui est a mettre au compte de tel savoir ; un acte decisionnel de cette nature demeure le fait d’une conscience et comme tel, il est contingent, subjectif et jamais ultime. Music In The Classroom Essay? Je puis offrir mon interpretation a la communaute interpretative a laquelle j’appartiens.

La, elle fera l’objet de negociations et sera soumise a d’autant plus d’actes interpretatifs. Othello? Quand bien meme on Music in the Classroom Essay, s’accorderait au final sur une seule interpretation, celle-ci ne pourrait etre qualifiee de scientifique ou reproductible. La meme communaute interpretative, examinant demain les memes donnees, pourrait bien en tirer une conclusion divergente. 4. Nbd Online? Dans quelle mesure la linguistique cognitive est-elle scientifique ? 25 La tache du linguiste cognitiviste, selon Ronald Langaker, est de fournir des analyses structurales et des descriptions explicites des pensees et des concepts. Music Classroom? Langaker ne serait pas un linguiste cognitiviste s’il ne placait pas avec conviction la signification dans le royaume de l’esprit. Pour lui, 10 . Picasso’s Guernica? Ronald W. In The Classroom Essay? Langaker (2002), The cognitive Basis of the era of good Grammar. In The Classroom Essay? Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter, p. Nbd Online? 2. la signification equivaut a la conceptualisation. Music Classroom? La linguistique semantique doit donc rechercher l’analyse structurale et la description explicite des entites abstraites tels que les pensees ou les concepts … Parce que la conceptualisation reside dans les processus cognitifs, notre objectif ultime doit etre de caracteriser les types d’evenements cognitifs dont l’apparition constitue une experience mentale.10. 26 Mais il garde un esprit ouvert : 11 . Philip II Of Essay? Ronald W. Classroom Essay? Langaker (1997), “The contextual basis of Macedonia Essay cognitive semantics” in Music Classroom Essay, Jan Nuyts Eric Pede (. ) Se pourrait-il, par exemple, que le langage reside entierement dans les esprits individuels ? … A l’autre extreme, il pourrait etre soutenu – peut-etre dans une perspective strictement platonicienne ou interactionniste – que le langage n’a aucune sorte de representation mentale.11. 27 C’est a travers.

l’interaction et la mutuelle accommodation que les schemas conventionnels d’activites – que nous appelons « langage » – naissent, se soutiennent elles-memes, et subissent de continuels ajustements. Picasso’s Guernica? L’etude des bases interactives du langage est en consequence essentielle pour rendre pleinement compte de son acquisition, sa structure, et son usage. Music In The Essay? J’insiste, neanmoins pour dire qu’il n’y a pas d’equivalent d’un tel compte-rendu, qui doit aussi embrasser les ajustements mentaux specifiques et qui rendent les locuteurs capables de communiquer d’une maniere sanctionnee conventionnellement. Nbd Online? Insister exclusivement sur les interactions per Music in the, se serait aussi inutile que de toutes les ignorer – chaque option omet un composant essentiel du langage, l’un ne peut etre bien compris sans l’autre.12. 28 Au bout du compte, neanmoins, c’est par la signification que nous sommes concernes. Nbd Online? Une fois que les conventions, les regles mutuellement admises, sont acceptees, nous ne devons pas hesiter a regarder dans l’esprit des gens : « Les significations des expressions linguistiques sont des conceptualisations, et les conceptualisateurs pertinents sont le locuteur et l’interlocuteur »13. 29 La signification, donc, c’est ce que nous cherchons dans les profondeurs de l’esprit, la facon dont une « expression est effectivement comprise – sa comprehension pleine, richement detaillee »14 ; « le but immediat de la semantique, par exemple, est d’identifier les composants conceptuels et d’elucider la structure des conceptualisations complexes evoquees par les expressions linguistiques »15. Music In The Classroom? C’est a peu pres la que Langaker nous emmene. Essay? Ce qui ne nous est pas propose est une illustration de ce en quoi consiste une telle conceptualisation et de ce que peuvent etre de tels composants conceptuels. Music In The Classroom Essay? Qu’est-ce qu’« une comprehension contextuelle pleine, richement detaillee » ? Ceci ne nous est pas dit. Techniques? Aucun exemple de « representation cognitive » n’est donne.

A la place, nous trouvons l’echappatoire qui est habituellement utilisee par les scientifiques cognitivistes quand le lecteur attend une lueur d’activite mentale : un saut brutal de l’esprit au cerveau : Maintenant, je parle bien des representations mentales, mais le terme ne refere pas a des entites figuratives complexes stockees comme telles. Classroom? Il indique simplement l’apparition des ajustements neurologiques, particulierement des changements dans le flux des connexions synaptiques qui influencent les traitements subsequents et facilitent l’emergence de schemas d’activite constitutifs de types particuliers d’experiences mentales. Direct Management? Un locuteur, a l’evidence, n’a pas d’acces introspectif a ces ajustements, qui en aucune facon ne ressemblent a l’experience emergente qu’ils engendrent. Music Essay? En fait, meme cette experience reste pour nous hors d’atteinte, en ce que nous n’avons aucun acces conscient aux caracteristiques du traitement cognitif qui la constitue. Bien que, dans une certaine mesure, nous controlions notre experience, et puissions meme essayer de l’analyser, pour l’essentiel nous ne faisons que l’avoir.16. 30 Ainsi, je crains que la « comprehension contextuelle pleine, richement detaillee » d’un enonce ne soit une experience dont nous devrions mais ne puissions reellement avoir conscience.

Nulle introspection ne nous permet d’observer nos etats mentaux, notre propre intentionnalite. Why Was It Called Feelings? Il n’existe qu’une echappatoire : les representations peuvent, au mieux, etre decrites en termes d’ajustements neurologiques. Music Essay? L’experience elle-meme demeure ineffable. Nbd Online? En dernier recours, les linguistes cognitifs de tout poil semble s’accorder a penser que seules les neurosciences sont capables de nous eclairer sur le sens des mots, des syntagmes et des enonces. In The Classroom? La semantique a pour tache d’« elucider la structure des conceptualisations complexes evoquees par les expressions linguistiques ». Mais en derniere instance, ces representations n’ont pas a etre recherchees dans l’esprit mais doivent etre comprises comme des « ajustements neurologiques » dont le locuteur est inconscient. Othello? A l’instar d’autres linguistes cognitifs et philosophes de l’esprit, Langacker lui aussi echoue a produire un seul exemple de concept mental. 31 Est-ce que la neurolinguistique, dont l’aura s’elargit de plus en plus de nos jours, offre les reponses que les linguistes cognitifs sont impuissants a fournir ? L’etude du cerveau, partie integrante de la biologie, appartient d’evidence aux sciences dures. Music Essay? Peut-elle nous eclairer sur le « vrai » sens du mot heron ? L’a-t-on decouvert une fois que l’on sait quels neurones s’activent et quelles connections synaptiques sont sous tension chaque fois que quelqu’un profere ou entend heron ? Quelle est la difference entre un concept mental et des neurones ? La question cruciale qui agite la philosophie occidentale depuis que Descartes l’a initiee, nous reste encore posee : la relation entre le corps et l’ame. 32 Le langage est symbolique ; il consiste en des items lexicaux dotes d’un sens. Nbd Online? Les symboles sont des formes qui valent pour un contenu.

Mais de quelle nature est ce contenu ? Tous les signes presupposent des personnes et presupposent un dialogue. Music In The Classroom Essay? Je peux seulement savoir qu’un item lexical signifie quelque chose pour quelqu’un (moi y compris) si l’on me dit que c’est un signe et quelle signification il a. Picasso’s? C’est la negociation discursive sur leur contenu qui transforme des sequences phonetiques, par exemple, en signes. In The Classroom? Dans un monde prive d’interaction symbolique, il n’existe pas de signes. Why Was Feelings? Sans des gens qui savent ce que representent les signes et peuvent en debattre, il n’existe pas de signes. Music Essay? Si les concepts mentaux et les phenomenes neuronaux sont des entites dont nous n’avons pas conscience, alors il ne peut exister de signes, car ils n’auront aucune signification pour personne, pas meme pour des neurones. Les neurones ne peuvent pas debattre pour decider de s’activer ou non, lorsqu’une sequence phonetique est percue par le cerveau. Prohibition End? Les neurones sont indeniablement des objets d’enquete scientifique. Mais pour autant, il n’y a pas de pont qui nous permette de connecter les neurones actives au sens. Music In The Classroom? Le sens ne peut etre qu’un produit social, et ne se tient ni dans l’esprit ni dans le cerveau. 5. How Did Prohibition End? Intentionnalite et discours comme pensee collective.

17 . Essay? Terrence W. How Did Prohibition End? Deacon (1997), The Co-Evolution of Music in the Language and the Brain , New-York : W. Othello? W. In The? Norton (. ) 33 La linguistique cognitive envisage le langage dans une perspective mentale, psychologique. Guernica? Mais le langage presuppose la societe. Music In The Classroom? Coupes de la communication, les enfants n’acquierent pas le langage. Philip Macedonia? Cependant, comme « espece symbolique », pour citer le titre du livre de 1997 de Terrence W. Music In The? Deacon17, nous sommes genetiquement predisposes a communiquer par interaction symbolique ; comprendre qu’il y a des objets qui representent des contenus symboliques est quelque chose qui doit etre appris par interaction. Othello? Les signes, les mots, par exemple, signifient quelque chose pour nous. Music Classroom? Nous sommes conscients de leur signification.

Nous savons de quoi parle la sequence graphique heron . Othello Techniques? Nous pouvons dire aux gens ce qu’elle signifie, nous pouvons nous en souvenir et nous pouvons l’oublier. Music In The Classroom? Les etres humains sont doues d’intentionnalite. Guernica? Ils n’ont pas seulement des comportements, ils peuvent se rendre conscients de ce qu’ils font, de ce qu’ils ecoutent et de ce qu’ils viennent juste de dire. Music In The? On dit que les fourmis, les chats, les dauphins, les primates aussi communiquent. Othello Techniques? Mais ils ne sont pas conscients du fait qu’ils sont en train de communiquer.

Ils ne peuvent pas discuter pour savoir si la finalite de ce qu’ils ont fait etait de communiquer ou non. In The Classroom? Ils ne sont pas doues d’intentionnalite. Guernica? Les processus mentaux ou neuronaux dont on n’est pas conscient ne sont pas intentionnels. 34 Les fourmis reagissent aux donnees sensibles, mais elles ne les interpretent pas. Classroom Essay? C’est l’auto-referentialite du discours, la possibilite de considerer et d’interpreter ce qui a ete dit qui rend compte de l’emergence de l’intentionnalite, de la conscience. Notre aptitude a discuter ce qui a ete dit, a deliberer, a evaluer, a savoir ce que nous pensons, a reflechir sur des contenus individuels et collectifs n’est pas quelque chose avec quoi nous sommes nes ; c’est une capacite que nous developpons seulement en engageant un dialogue avec d’autres membres de notre communaute de discours. Picasso’s Guernica? Notre dialogue interieur n’est rien de plus qu’un simple miroir du dialogue qui se deroule dans le discours. In The Essay? Sans une entree verbale venue de l’exterieur, nous pouvons encore agir a certains niveaux, mais nous ne dominons pas les contenus. Techniques? L’esprit individuel monadique est muet. Music? Comme Mikhail Bakthine l’a dit il y a longtemps, c’est l’heteroglossie du dialogue qui nous transforme d’automates en acteurs creatifs. 35 La signification existe seulement dans le discours, dans la parole . How Did Prohibition? Linguistes saussuriens, chomskiens et cognitivistes esperaient etre capable de traiter de la signification en se limitant au systeme de la langue.

Mais pour un systeme linguistique qui est modelise independamment du discours, la signification est une propriete fixee qui vient avec la forme. Music In The Essay? La signification de heron n’aurait pas ete accessible a la negociation ; nous, sujets parlants, n’aurions pas pu dire en quoi il signifie. How Did Prohibition? Il aurait ete une formule invariable, comme l’ ardea dans la taxinomie de Linne et rien de plus. In The Essay? Que certaines personnes trouvent l’oiseau attirant et que des pecheurs puissent le considerer comme leur ennemi ne serait pas une partie de sa signification. Il s’agit d’une description de la langue aussi fascinante que les tables de logarithme ou que les manuels de maintenance d’un aeroplane.

Dans une langue de cette sorte nous n’aurions pas a avoir conscience de la signification, puisque nous n’aurions rien a dire a son propos ; nous ne pourrions pas la changer. Techniques? Un mecanisme, comme un ordinateur, defini comme un ensemble de processus mentaux ou neuronaux, pourrait la traiter. In The Classroom Essay? Le concept de signification que nous trouvons au 20 eme siecle dans les principales theories linguistiques n’a pas a prendre en compte l’intentionnalite. Picasso’s Guernica? Leurs systemes linguistiques marcheraient aussi bien, sinon mieux, s’il n’y avait pas de locuteurs du tout. 36 La linguistique de corpus considere le langage dans une perspective sociale. Music Classroom Essay? C’est la linguistique non pas du systeme de la langue mais de la parole , du discours. Philip? Cependant, plus nous acceptons cette conception, moins nous pouvons regarder la linguistique de corpus comme une science dure. Les chercheurs occupes par les fourmis peuvent etudier le systeme de communication de leurs fourmis de l’exterieur. Essay? Ils occupent une posture archimedienne. How Did End? Ils peuvent attribuer des fonctions aux phenomenes produits par les fourmis sans leur en parler.

Les fourmis n’ont rien a dire dans le systeme de communication que les chercheurs modelisent. Music In The? Les fourmis n’ont pas d’intentionnalite. Guernica? Elles ne savent pas qu’elles communiquent. Music Essay? Un chercheur specialiste des fourmis ne depend pas de leur approbation. Direct Model Management? Aussi longtemps que les methodes sont suffisamment explicites, que les donnees sont rendues accessibles et que les experimentations peuvent etre reproduites, les autres chercheurs accepteront les decouvertes qui sont issues de cette recherche. Pour les linguistes de corpus, la situation est sensiblement differente. Music Essay? Ils doivent interpreter les resultats fournis par leur methodologie. Nbd Online? Ils doivent negocier leurs interpretations avec leurs collegues linguistes de corpus. Music In The Classroom Essay? Mais leur communaute interpretative est plus large : elle inclut aussi la communaute de ceux dont ils analysent le discours. 37 La signification est sociale. How Did Prohibition End? Donc nous devons l’etudier dans le discours, non dans l’esprit des individus.

Le propos d’un texte (segment de texte) est quelque chose qui est negocie dans une interaction dialogique. Classroom? L’intentionnalite peut etre envisagee comme un phenomene social et non pas simplement mental ; elle devient observable une fois que nous la considerons comme une propriete emergente du discours. Othello? La maniere dont elle affecte un esprit individuel n’entre pas dans le champ de la linguistique. Music In The Classroom? Une approche du langage dans une perspective sociale analysera un discours comme un esprit collectif. II Of Macedonia Essay? La signification d’une contribution a un discours est l’equivalent des traces qu’il laisse dans le texte subsequent, de l’impact qu’il a sur le discours. 38 La linguistique de corpus interessee par la signification doit donc progresser a partir du role qu’elle a joue lors des quarante dernieres annees. Classroom? Comme partie de la linguistique appliquee, elle utilise une methodologie bottom-up pour reconsiderer les generalisations que les etudes linguistiques traditionnelles, travaillant avec un corpus canonique de categories linguistiques heritees, ont produites. Direct Model Management? Mais elle etait correlee a un type de savoir linguistique appele par des applications telles que l’enseignement des langues et la lexicographie. Classroom? La, elle a provoque l’apparition d’innovations divergentes. Direct? Tous les dictionnaires recents pretendent s’appuyer sur des donnees de corpus. Classroom? L’enseignement des langues a ete bouleverse par l’usage des corpus.

39 Mais une generalisation seule ne peut jamais capturer le phenomene de la signification. Philip? La signification n’est jamais stabilisee. Classroom Essay? Le discours consiste en couches successives d’interpretation. How Did Prohibition? Chaque nouvelle negociation de signification, chaque nouvelle interpretation ajoute a la signification de ce qui a deja ete dit. Music In The Essay? Le discours a une dimension diachronique. Picasso’s Guernica? C’est la que je vois l’avenir de la linguistique de corpus. In The Essay? Les linguistes de corpus ont appris a apprehender ce qui est commun a toutes les occurrences d’un item lexical dans un corpus synchronique. Management? Maintenant ils doivent apprendre a decouvrir ce qui distingue une occurrence particuliere de toutes les occurrences anterieures et posterieures. In The Classroom Essay? Ils doivent developper des methodes qui leur diront ce qui fait qu’une occurrence est unique. 6. Nbd Online? Linguistique de corpus et hermeneutique.

40 Quoi que nous puissions dire, nous ne partons jamais de rien. Les textes qui constituent un discours ne sont pas entres en lui en meme temps. In The Classroom? Chaque fois qu’une contribution a un texte est apportee, nous avons a la comprendre comme une reaction a quelque chose qui a ete dit auparavant, et comme une demande de commentaire a apporter a son propos. Nbd Online? Dans le texte Le marxisme et la philosophie du langage , attribue a Valentin Voloshinov mais dont l’auteur est vraisemblablement Mikhail Bakhtine, nous trouvons ces phrases : 18 . Music In The Classroom? NdT : Nous avons repris pour l’occasion la traduction de Marina Yaguello (1977, Ed. Why Was The Era Of Good Feelings? de Minuit) po (. Music In The Classroom? ) Et pourtant l’enonciation-monologue est deja en elle-meme une abstraction (. Othello? ). In The? Toute enonciation, meme sous forme ecrite figee, est une reponse a quelque chose et est construite comme telle. II Of Macedonia? Elle n’est qu’un maillon de la chaine des actes de parole (p.

105).18. 41 Tout texte nouveau repete, dans une large mesure, des choses qui ont deja ete dites. Classroom? Les segments de texte, collocations, items lexicaux simples et complexes qui ont ete utilises auparavant sont recombines, permutes et inseres dans de nouveaux contextes, contenant quelques nouveaux contenus paraphrastiques joints avec les anciens. Management? Un nouveau texte reprend, accepte, commente, modifie, reinterprete ou rejette des textes prealables. Music Classroom Essay? L’essentiel de ce que nous disons est une reformulation de choses dites avant, mais chaque production, normalement, apporte une petite innovation.

C’est cette innovation qui en fait un enonce unique, quelque chose qui, sous certains aspects, differe de toutes les occurrences anterieures et a venir. 42 En consequence, ce qui fait sens c’est de regarder le discours comme une sequence de contributions textuelles. Guernica? Les textes precedents laissent des traces dans les textes suivants, et les derniers textes font reference aux textes anterieurs, parfois explicitement, mais le plus souvent implicitement. Essay? C’est le phenomene d’intertextualite qui etablit des liens entre les textes. Model? Le mot et le concept d’ intertextualite est relativement recent. Music In The? Il est attribue a Julia Kristeva, qui l’introduit dans son exegese des termes bakhtiniens de dialogue et ambivalence : 19 . Direct? “Kristeva's emphasis” p. Classroom? 39, in Philip II of Macedonia Essay, Toril Moi (Ed.) (1986), The Kristeva Reader , New York: Columbia U (. In The? ) [T]out texte se construit comme mosaique de citations, tout texte est absorption et transformation d’un autre texte. Techniques? A la place de la notion d’intersubjectivite s’installe celle d’intertextualite.19. 43 Le contexte le plus large montre que ce que Kristeva decrit ici n’est pas tant le discours que le proces d’une pensee individuelle qui, dans la perception des liens intertextuels, engendre une communication entre un auteur et son lecteur ou sa lectrice. Classroom Essay? Depuis son introduction, ce nouveau terme a ete utilise de differentes facons.

20 . Philip II Of? Graham Allan (2000), Intertextuality , London : Routledge, p. Essay? 58. L’intertextualite, comme concept, a une (courte) histoire, celle des differentes articulations qui refletent les differentes situations a partir desquelles ce concept a emerge. Macedonia Essay? 20. 44 Comme je n’ai, en tant que linguiste de corpus, aucun savoir sur l’intertextualite comme phenomene mental, j’exclus l’interpretation psychologique de ce concept. Essay? Comme, en un certain sens, l’intertextualite est directement observable, les citations explicites et les cas evidents de plagiat sont de bons exemples. Nbd Online? D’un point de vue plus large, l’intertextualite implique des liens implicites ou explicites entre des textes et des segments de texte d’un discours. Music In The Essay? En faisant reference a ce qui a ete dit precedemment, la fonction de l’intertextualite ajoute une nouvelle couche d’interpretation a quelque chose qui a ete dit auparavant. Othello? Ma communaute interpretative peut maintenant negocier dans quelle mesure ce que j’ai dit est acceptable au titre d’une nouvelle interpretation. Music? Ce qui signifie que le concept d’intertextualite est arbitraire. Othello Techniques? Alors que de nouveaux outils nous aideront a decouvrir des candidats a la fonction de lien intertextuel, la decision de savoir si quelque chose est un lien intertextuel repose sur nous.

Il n’y a pas de mecanisme formel qui nous dit si deux textes sont intertextuellement lies. Music In The Essay? Des similarites peuvent apres tout etre accidentelles. Direct Model? Ce qui est presente comme etant des liens intertextuels doit etre assume par la communaute interpretative. Music? Prenons par exemple la phrase trouvee dans le San Francisco Sentinel du 02-02-09 : Confidence in guernica, Britain’s ability to overcome the in the, economic turmoil is model management sinking by Music, the day, as evidence by the precipitous decline of the picasso’s, pound, which has almost reached parity with the euro. (La confiance en la Grande-Bretagne a surmonter la crise economique s’effondre jour apres jour, comme le prouve la chute precipitee de la livre qui se retrouve presque a parite avec l’euro.)

45 Quatre semaines plus tard, le 28-02-09, nous trouvons dans le Times cette phrase : Unlike Britain, [Portugal, Ireland, Greece and Music in the, Spain] have been unable to nbd online, devalue their currency. (A la difference de la Grande-Bretagne, [le Portugal, l’Irlande, la Grece et l’Espagne] ont ete incapables de devaluer leur monnaie.) 46 Y-a-t-il un lien entre “the precipitous fall of the Music Classroom Essay, pound” (la chute precipitee de la livre sterling) et la capacite “to devalue their currency” (a devaluer leur monnaie) ? L’intertextualite est etablie non par un ordinateur mais par son interpretation. 47 J’aimerais developper la linguistique de corpus de telle maniere qu’elle nous aide a decouvrir ce qu’un texte, un segment de texte ou un item lexical signifie dans un contexte particulier, a un moment donne. Nbd Online? Comme Hans-Georg Gadamer l’a montre, une telle entreprise ne peut jamais reussir. Music In The Classroom? Si j’ecoute la musique de Bach aujourd’hui, je ne peux empecher qu’elle soit percue d’une maniere differente de celle de ses contemporains. How Did Prohibition End? Ce qui etait alors revolutionnaire est devenu, apres Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, une tradition reconnue. Music In The Classroom? Mais la musique de Bach a certainement ete influencee par les autres compositeurs baroques.

Il y a des liens intertextuels qui relient ses succes a ceux de ces predecesseurs et de ses successeurs. How Did? La meme chose vaut pour le discours. Music Classroom Essay? La signification de chaque item lexical dans une nouvelle contribution est chaque occurrence anterieure contextualisee, c’est-a-dire, tout ce qui a ete dit, jusqu’au moment ou cette contribution apparait dans le discours. Plus specifiquement, c’est la totalite du contenu paraphrastique que l’on trouve pour cet item lexical. Othello? Cette definition implique qu’il n’est pas important que les membres de la communaute de discours soient avertis de sa signification. Classroom? En fait, en raison des limitations d’acces aux donnees pertinentes, la pleine signification ne peut jamais etre garantie.

C’est une definition de la signification qui ne trouve refuge ni dans des representations mentales ni dans le monde reel. 48 L’interpretation d’un texte, d’un segment de texte ou d’un item lexical est differente de sa comprehension. Othello? Dans mon interpretation privee d’un poeme, je me l’approprie en tant qu’experience a la premiere personne. Music In The Essay? Je ne serai jamais capable de decrire a quelqu’un d’autre ce qu’il signifie pour moi. Nbd Online? C’est seulement en donnant un temoignage verbal de cette experience que je peux franchir le pas qui va de la comprehension a l’interpretation. Music In The Classroom Essay? Comprendre est quelque chose qui prend place dans un esprit individuel. Comprendre ne requiert pas de verbalisation. It Called The Era Of Good? Une interpretation est toujours exprimee verbalement et dirigee vers les autres qui ont leurs propos en elle. Music In The Classroom? Donc c’est un acte collaboratif qui implique les autres membres de ma communaute interpretative. 21 . The Era? Cite dans Mueller-Vollmer, Kurt (ed.), 1986 : The hermeneutics Reader. In The? Oxford : Blackwell, p. 27.

22 . Othello? Ric?ur, Paul (1981), Hermeneutics and Music Classroom, the Human Sciences . Model Management? Edited and Classroom Essay, translated by prohibition end, John B. Music Essay? T. Thom (. ) 23 . Philip Macedonia Essay? Cite par Fritz Hermanns (2002), Linguistische Hermeneutik, in Classroom, Angelika Linke, Hanspeter Ortner, P (. ) 24 . Philip II Of? Cite dans Frank, Mandfred (ed.) (1977), F. Music? D. II Of? E. Music Classroom Essay? Schleiermacher, Hermeneutik und Kritik . Nbd Online? Frankfur (. ) 49 L’hermeneutique, art (ou savoir faire, comme certains la considerent) de produire le sens des textes, est concernee par du materiel langagier ecrit ou enregistre. In The Essay? Aussi n’est-ce pas une surprise si la linguistique partage les memes contraintes. Othello? Meme quand le fait de parler est pense comme etant la forme primordiale des langues, les linguistes, Saussure par exemple, ont travaille a partir de transcriptions. In The Essay? Wilhelm Dilthey pose explicitement que l’hermeneutique concerne « l’interpretation des temoignages ecrits de la vie humaine ».21 C’est a peine surprenant. Othello? Les textes ecrits (avec quelques exceptions) ne nous fournissent pas la possibilite d’interroger leurs auteurs sur leurs intentions. Music Classroom? Dans les termes de Paul Ric?ur, « l’ecrit rend le texte autonome par rapport aux intentions de l’auteur. Picasso’s Guernica? (. In The Classroom Essay? ) la relation entre l’ecriture et la lecture n’est plus un cas particulier de la relation entre parler et ecouter ».22 Aux xviii eme et xix eme siecles, cependant, sous l’influence de l’invention de l’homme comme personne unique et autonome et la psychologisation des relations humaines qui s’ensuit, l’ecrit est compris comme un acces vers le moi profond de l’auteur. Othello Techniques? Emmanuel Kant, apparemment, a ete le premier a exiger que le but de l’analyse hermeneutique soit « de comprendre l’auteur mieux qu’il ne s’est compris lui-meme ».23 Ce qui a ete rendu celebre, d’abord, par Friedrich Schleiermacher qui a defini la tache de l’hermeneutique comme celle de « comprendre un enonce d’abord aussi bien, puis mieux que son auteur »24 et ensuite, de cette maniere par le philologue August Boeckh : « L’interprete par consequent comprend l’auteur mieux que l’auteur ne se comprend lui-meme ». 50 L’hermeneutique aujourd’hui, est moins concernee par l’esprit que par la signification d’un texte, d’un segment de texte ou d’un item lexical. Music Classroom? Cette signification a peu a voir avec les intentions de l’auteur. Management? A leur propos, nous ne savons rien, nous n’avons affaire qu’a ses mots a lui ou a elle, qui de nouveau peuvent receler des intentions propres. Music In The Classroom? La tache de l’hermeneutique c’est de prendre le discours comme objet.

Pour son interpretation, il importe peu de savoir si le livre mentionne ci-dessus, Le Marxisme et la Philosophie du langage, a ete vraiment ecrit par Voloshinov ou par Bakhtine. Nbd Online? Michel Foucault, Roland Barthes et beaucoup d’autres ont marginalise le role de l’auteur. Music Essay? De la meme facon, Paul Ric?ur, faisant reference a Truth and othello techniques, Method (Verite et methode) de Hans?Georg Gadamer, soutient que l’ecrit « rend le texte autonome par rapport a l’intention de l’auteur. » (Ric?ur 1981 : 139) et ajoute : « Ce que le texte signifie ne coincide plus avec ce que l’auteur voulait dire. In The Classroom Essay? » (Ric?ur 1981 : 91). 51 Neanmoins comment fonctionne l’hermeneutique ? Si nous pouvons savoir ce que chaque texte ancien, disons La Republique de Platon, ou n’importe quel segment de texte, n’importe quel item lexical cle, signifie, il n’est pas suffisant de le lire dans l’horizon de notre conceptualisation contemporaine. II Of? Nous avons plutot a l’interpreter dans le contexte des autres textes qui appartiennent en gros a la meme periode, des textes envers lesquels La Republique reagit, des textes qui y font reference. Music In The Essay? Mais ce n’est pas assez. Direct Management? Nous avons aussi a comprendre dans quelle mesure notre lecture est debitrice de tout ce qui a ete produit depuis.

Nous avons a comprendre combien les textes suivants ont influence notre perception. Il n’y a pas de chemin direct qui permette de retrouver la fraicheur de l’experience que l’?uvre de Platon a connue en son temps. In The Classroom Essay? La seule facon d’approcher la signification originale est de prendre conscience des traces que le texte de Platon porte depuis son origine. How Did End? Nous trouvons ces traces sous forme de citations explicites ou implicites, de remarques et de beaucoup d’interpretations a part entiere que l’on appelle commentaires. Music Classroom Essay? Neanmoins nous avons aussi a prendre en compte toutes les idees qui ont ete inventees apres, qui constituent une part integrale de nos moyens de reflechir a la societe. Othello Techniques? Pouvons-nous imaginer un temps ou le concept d’egalite ou de droits humains n’etaient pas encore accessibles ? 52 La communaute qui interprete La Republique de Platon repose alors sur des donnees, donnees tirees du discours. Music In The Classroom Essay? Seul un cadre linguistique capable de s’occuper de ces donnees, de s’occuper de la parole, est en position de fournir de tels faits. Direct Model Management? La linguistique de corpus et l’hermeneutique se completent l’une l’autre. Music In The Essay? La linguistique de corpus offre une methodologie qui nous assure qu’aucune possibilite n’a ete negligee ; et l’hermeneutique nous (la communaute interpretative) donne alors le niveau de reflexion propre a offrir un nouveau sens a ce qui a deja ete l’objet d’innombrables interpretations.

53 Considerons un exemple concret. Techniques? Dans la toute premiere phrase de La Republique , nous rencontrons le verbe grec ? ??????? ? ?? . Ce verbe existe encore en grec modern et il est normalement traduit en anglais par to Music in the Essay, pray . Picasso’s? (prier) Mais qu’est-ce que ? ??????? ? ? voulait dire a l’epoque de Platon ? Ce que nous nommons prier maintenant est une sorte de communication avec Dieu tres particuliere, tres personnelle, bilaterale bien qu’asymetrique. Music In The Classroom Essay? Etait-ce egalement vrai a l’epoque de Platon ? Ou les prieres etaient-elles alors l’equivalent verbal des sacrifices que le peuple offrait a ses dieux ? Ce serait alors plutot une forme unilaterale de communication. Philip II Of Macedonia Essay? Le peuple ne s’attendait pas a ce que ses dieux lui repondent, meme si le sacrifice etait destine a s’attirer leurs bonnes graces. Classroom? Le texte de Platon en lui-meme n’offre pas de reponse. Picasso’s Guernica? Il reprend, sans commentaire ni paraphrase, ce qui etait generalement compris comme concept de ? ??????? ? ? . In The Essay? Cependant ce concept etait le resultat de negociations au sein de l’ensemble de la communaute de discours de la Grece antique. Il y a abondance de textes classiques grecs qui en traitent. Othello? Les experts les ont parcourus bien des fois dans le but de suggerer des interpretations de ce vieux concept. Les differentes traductions que nous avons trouvees de ce livre prennent en compte ces interpretations. Music In The Classroom? Une analyse d’un corpus comprenant douze traductions de La Republique propose les equivalents suivants de ? ??????? ? ? : make by why was feelings, prayers, offer up by Music in the Classroom, prayers, offer up by direct management, prayer, say a prayer, pray, pay my devotions, pay my devoirs, worship. (realiser par des prieres, offrir par des prieres, offrir par une priere, dire une priere, prier, faire mes devotions, rendre hommage, venerer). 25 . Music Classroom Essay? Hans-Georg Gadamer (1965), Warheit und Methode.

2 eme edition Tubingen : J. Techniques? C. Music In The? B. Mohr, p. Philip Macedonia Essay? 289. 54 Toutes peuvent etre entendu comme des paraphrases qui essaient de combler le gouffre entre ce que ? ??????? ? ? signifiait et ce qu’est prier de nos jours. Music? Ces equivalents en traduction sont des interpretations qui relient un concept ancien a notre comprehension actuelle. Techniques? L’hermeneutique nous sensibilise a ceci : toute interpretation du mot en grec ancien devra egalement tenir compte du concept actuel de priere. In The Classroom? C’est le message essentiel de Gadamer : « L’horizon du present ne peut pas etre constitue sans le passe … Comprendre [ce que j’appelle interpreter ] suppose toujours un proces de fusion entre ces horizons pretendument differents. Direct Model Management? ».25 Le fameux cercle hermeneutique devrait etre concu comme une spirale infinie qui nous permet, nous communaute interpretative d’aujourd’hui, d’approcher la signification de quelque chose qui a ete dit auparavant, sur la base de donnees fournies par la linguistique de corpus.

26 NdT: En francais dans le texte. Music Essay? 27 Idem. 55 L’approche hermeneutique de la signification, comme je l’ai esquisse ci?dessus, abandonne tout espoir que la signification soit quelque chose de stable ou de systematique. Model Management? Il n’y a pas d’ensemble de concepts langagiers independants qui soit universel, hors du temps, inne et grave dans le granit de quelque ontologie semantique metaphysique. Music In The? L’hermeneutique ne concerne pas la langue : elle concerne la parole . Direct Management? Dans cette perspective, la signification n’est jamais une donnee etablie definitivement, elle est toujours provisoire. In The? Chaque nouvelle occurrence d’un item lexical dans un texte, chaque nouvelle mention a un texte ajoute quelque chose a sa signification. II Of Macedonia Essay? Ce qui peut laisser penser que la linguistique de la parole 26 est moins satisfaisante que la linguistique de la langue.

27 Mais si notre realite sociale est une construction du discours, ce n’est que la linguistique de la parole qui peut nous permettre d’y acceder. 7. In The Classroom Essay? Le linguiste et la communaute interpretative. 56 Pas plus les linguistes que les lexicographes ne sont des experts de la signification. Philip? Leur tache est d’etre de fideles gardiens de ce qui est negocie comme signification entre les membres d’une communaute de discours. Classroom? Ils peuvent montrer comment des items lexicaux sont utilises et paraphrases, ils peuvent signaler de possibles liens intertextuels fondes sur des similarites entre des textes, mais il n’y a pas de linguistes habilites a nous dire ce qui est juste et ce qui est faux. How Did Prohibition End? Si les gens veulent donner credit aux intentions normalisatrices de l’ Academie francaise , tant mieux, mais personne ne peut les y contraindre. Music? Les linguistes de corpus nous apprennent qu’il n’y a pas d’interpretation « vraie » ou « correcte » d’un item lexical, d’un segment de texte ou d’un texte. How Did End? La signification d’un item lexical est tout ce qui a ete dit a son propos dans le discours : nous la trouvons dans les negociations entre les membres d’une communaute de discours. Il peut y avoir desaccord et il peut y avoir discorde. Music In The? Le pluralisme est la marque de toute societe democratique. Nbd Online? Seul un regime totalitaire voudrait imposer un usage uniforme de la langue.

Les communautes de discours peuvent discuter si l’on doit distinguer globalisation de mondialisation , et chaque contributeur au discours peut offrir ses paraphrases preferees. S’il ne peut pas convaincre ses partenaires et donc s’il demeure isole dans ses interpretations, alors ces nouvelles paraphrases ne laisseront aucune trace dans les textes a venir. In The Essay? En consequence, il est dans l’interet de chacun de nous d’utiliser et de paraphraser des items lexicaux de telle sorte que d’autres trouvent interessant de faire de meme dans leurs usages. 57 Le discours est, en principe, un systeme democratique ; tout le monde a, en principe, le droit inalienable d’y contribuer. Nbd Online? Si globalisation signifie « petrole et guerre » et mondialisation « cooperation dans la construction d’un futur prometteur », ce n’est pas une question de verite mais de persuasion. In The Classroom Essay? Ce que nous disons ne refere pas a une realite hors du discours, c’est une reaction a ce qui a deja ete dit. Que nous tendions a penser differemment, que nous prenions le langage comme un miroir de la realite, est presque une conviction innee qui remonte aux temps immemoriaux ou le langage n’etait rien de plus qu’une extension de l’ostentation, du pointage des choses.

Globalisation ou mondialisation ne sont que des objets de notre discours et non de quelque realite exterieure. Techniques? Nous ne parlons pas a propos de la realite mais a propos de ce que d’autres ont dit a propos de la realite. 58 Les linguistes de corpus regardent le discours comme un systeme auto?poetique, auto?referentiel. In The Essay? Ce qui ne signifie pas qu’il ne soit pas en quelque maniere connecte aux intentionnalites particulieres de ses contributeurs. Philip II Of Macedonia? Mais ces intentionnalites ne sont pas pertinentes : ce n’est pas ce que nous pensons qui compte, mais ce que nous faisons, notre comportement symbolique, nos contributions au discours. Music In The? Ces contributions transforment le discours en notre esprit collectif, sans jamais attenter a la liberte que nous avons en tant qu’individus de dire ce que nous voulons.

La tache des linguistes de corpus est de nous aider a donner du sens a la realite que nous avons construite pour nous-memes dans le discours en extrayant, organisant et presentant les donnees. Why Was It Called Of Good Feelings? Cependant ils n’ont certainement pas le monopole de l’interpretation : nous sommes tous membres, egaux en statut et en droits, de la communaute interpretative humaine dans son ensemble. In The Essay? La linguistique, la linguistique de corpus en particulier, devrait etre un programme de liberation, non pas d’assignation de signification. 8. Othello Techniques? La linguistique de corpus a-t-elle un avenir ? 59 Au cours de l’ete 2008, il y a eu une discussion prolongee a propos de la nature de la linguistique de corpus sur une weblist appelee corpora?list (corpora-list@uob.no), avec un grand nombre de contributions venues de partout. On peut les trouver en entrant dans corpora-list et en cherchant bootcamp . Music Essay? De facon interessante, la majorite des contributions ne venaient pas des linguistes de corpus qui travaillent dans la suite de John Sinclair mais de gens travaillant en linguistique theorique ou linguistique cognitive, dans le traitement des langues naturelles, dans la traduction automatique et en intelligence artificielle. Model? Ce n’est pas que ces personnes aient cesse de modeliser leurs systemes linguistiques et se soient tournes vers le discours ; ce qui a change, c’est que c’est devenu une necessite de mettre ses theories a l’epreuve des faits.

Ces contributeurs considerent encore la linguistique comme une science, peut-etre meme comme une science dont les resultats peuvent etre maintenant transformes en ingenierie d’applications commercialisables, au meme titre que les sciences dures ont donne les bases de l’industrie automobile. In The Classroom? L’industrie de la langue demande une quantite enorme de corpus pour tester des applications, Mais les premiers resultats sont la pour que nous les utilisions. Ces derniers temps beaucoup d’entre nous se sont servi des outils de traduction automatique qui sont peut-etre loin d’etre parfaits, mais qui sont meilleurs que le fait de ne rien comprendre du tout. Nbd Online? On a meme soutenu que les textes ecrits dans une langue tres fortement controlee, avec une terminologie tres specialisee, tels que les manuels de maintenance en aeronautique, sont mieux traduits par des ordinateurs que par des traducteurs humains. In The Classroom Essay? L’industrie de la langue est encore dans son enfance ; elle aura un impact grandissant sur ce que nous pouvons dire ou pas. II Of Essay? Aujourd’hui les correcteurs orthographiques nous disent si notre texte est conforme aux normes orthographiques.

Dans dix ans, il pourrait y avoir des outils qui controleront le contenu de ce que nous ecrirons ; il y a deja des filtres sur l’Internet dont le raffinement est en progres constant qui permettent d’interdire l’acces a des sites au contenu subversif. Music In The Classroom Essay? En ce sens, la methode scientifique de la linguistique de corpus a sans aucun doute un brillant avenir. It Called The Era Feelings? L’industrie de la langue controlera de plus en plus notre discours. Music Essay? Les experts en langage s’assureront que ce soit le cas. 60 Mais plus nos societes sont assujetties aux decisions des experts, moins nous sommes nombreux a etre convaincus que les decisions qu’ils prennent sont fondees sur des faits irrefutables. How Did End? Aujourd’hui, il y a un nombre croissant de philosophes des sciences, par exemple Steve Fuller, Philipp Kitcher, Bruno Latour, Helen Longino ou Jonathan Potter qui pretendent que toute factualite est au bout du compte basee sur une interpretation.

Ce que sont les entites et les categories que definit une discipline scientifique, quelles methodes sont considerees comme objectives pour detecter, compter et mesurer ce que sont les outils que nous acceptons pour mettre en ?uvres ces procedures, c’est quelque chose qui doit etre negocie par une communaute de pairs. Classroom Essay? Le nouveau paradigme de l’epistemologie sociale accepte qu’au fondement de la verite et de la factualite, il y a toujours interpretation : la negociation de ce qui a ete dit. How Did? Que ce soit la mecanique quantique ou l’evolution ou la globalisation : la seule realite qui nous est accessible c’est la realite du discours, c’est ce qui a ete dit a propos de ces idees. In The Essay? Tout ce que nous savons c’est quelque chose qui a ete dit dans le discours. Nbd Online? Nous donnons du sens a notre environnement en construisant de maniere collaborative une realite que nous acceptons. 61 Une linguistique independante du discours est sans signification.

Jusqu’a maintenant, la linguistique de corpus est la seule approche qui peut pretendre a etre une linguistique de la parole . Allan, G. Music In The? (2000), Intertextuality . Othello Techniques? London : Routledge. Coseriu, E. Music Essay? (1952), Sistema, norma y habla, Montevideo. Coseriu, E. The Era Feelings? (1959), Sincronia, diacronia e historia. Music In The? El problema del cambio linguistico , Montevideo. Deacon, t. Othello Techniques? W. Music In The Classroom Essay? (1997), The Symbolic Species : The Co-evolution of guernica Language and Music Essay, the Brain . Othello? New York : Norton. Dilthey, W. Music In The Essay? (1981), Der Aufbau der geschictlichen Welt in prohibition end, den Gesiteswissenschaften . Classroom Essay? Frankfurt am Main : Suhrkamp. Fish, S. How Did Prohibition? (1967), Interpreting Variorum , reimprime in in the, Fish, S. (1980), Is There a Text in nbd online, This Class, Cambridge, Mass. Classroom Essay? : Harvard University Press.

Gadamer, H.-G. How Did End? (1960), Warheit und Methode. Music In The Essay? Grundzuge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik, (2 nd Edition 1965). Philip Macedonia? Tubingen : J.C.B. Music Classroom Essay? Mohr. Harris, R. Philip II Of Macedonia? (1983), F. Essay? de Saussure : Course in how did, General Linguistics , London : Duckworth.

Harris,R. In The? (1987), The Language Machine . Ithaca : Cornell University Press. Hermanns, F. Nbd Online? (2002), “Linguistische Hermeneutik”, in Linke, A., Ortner, H., Portmann-Tselikas, p. R. In The Classroom Essay? (Eds.), Sprache und mehr : Ansichten einer Linguistik der sprachlichen Praxis , Tubingen : Niemeyer. Herder, J.G. Prohibition? (1770), Abhandlung uber den Ursprung der Sprache . Langacker, R.W. Music Essay? (1997), “The contextual basis of techniques cognitive semantics” In Nuyts, J. Music? Pedersen, E. (Eds.), Language and Essay, Conceptualization . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. Langacker, R.W. Music Classroom? (2002), The Cognitive Basis of Philip Macedonia Essay Grammar . Music In The Classroom Essay? Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter. Manfred, F. How Did Prohibition? (Ed.) (1977), F.D.E. Music Classroom? Schleiermacher, Hermeneutik und Kritik . Essay? Frankfurt am Main : Suhrkamp. Moi, t. Music In The Essay? (Ed.) (1986), The Kristeva Reader , New York : Columbia University Press.

Mueller-Vollmer, K. Macedonia? (Ed.) (1986), The Hermeneutics Reader : Texts of the in the Classroom, German Tradition from the othello, Enlightenment to in the, the Present , New York : Blackwell Publishers. Ricoeur, p. Direct Model? (1981), Hermeneutics and Classroom, the Human Sciences . Philip Essay? (Edite et traduit par John B. Thompson) Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. Rousseau, J.-J. Classroom? (1871), Essai sur l’origine des langues . Said, E.W. Direct Model? (1981), Orientalism , London : Penguin. Sinclair, J., Jones, S. Music Essay? Daley, R. Nbd Online? (2005), English Collocation Studies , in Music in the, Krishnamurthy, R. Nbd Online? (ed.), English Collocation Studies , London : Continuum. Stubbs, M. Music Classroom Essay? (2007), “On Texts, Corpora, and picasso’s, Models of Classroom Language”, in othello techniques, Hoey, M. In The Essay? Mahlberg, M., Stubbs, M. Philip Macedonia Essay? Teubert, W., Text, Discourse and Music in the Classroom Essay, Corpora . Direct Model? London : Continuum. Tognini Bonelli, E. (2001), Corpus Linguistics at in the Essay Work . Techniques? Amsterdam : Benjamins. Tyler, E.B. Music Classroom? (1871), Primitive Culture . Techniques? London : J. In The Classroom Essay? Murray. Voloshinov, V.N. How Did Prohibition? (1989), Marxism and the Philosophy of Music in the Language . Philip II Of Macedonia Essay? Cambridge, Mass. In The Classroom Essay? : Harvard University Press. 2 . Direct? John Sinclair, “Collocation Studies” , in in the Classroom Essay, Ramesh Kishnamurthy (ed.) (2005), English Collocation Studies: The OSTI Report ,John Sinclair, Susan Jones Robert Daley.

London: Continuum. 3 . Techniques? NdT : approche bottom-up : c'est a dire ascendante, ou encore de bas en haut, a l’inverse d’une approche top-down, analytique ou du haut vers le bas. 4 . Michael Stubbs (2007), “On Texts, Corpora and Classroom, Models of management Language”, in Classroom Essay, Michael Hoey, Michaela Mahlberg, Michael Stubbs et Wolfgang Teubert, Text, Discourse and end, Corpora , London: Continuum, p. In The Classroom Essay? 155. 5 . Nbd Online? Elena Tognini Bonelli (2001), Corpus Linguistics at Work . In The? Amsterdam: Benjamin, p. How Did End? 61. 6 . Music In The Essay? NdT: qui utilise le corpus pour confirmer ou infirmer une hypothese. 7 . NdT: approche inductive du corpus, preferant explorer sans a priori les donnees. 8 Mutual Information (MI) et t-score : le Mutual Information score (score d'information mutuelle) exprime la mesure selon laquelle la frequence de co-occurrence observee est differente de celle a laquelle on model, pourrait s'attendre (statistiquement parlant). Music Classroom Essay? Il ne fonctionne pas tres bien avec les frequences tres basses. Picasso’s Guernica? Par exemple, sour (acide, aigre) compte 472 occurrences et puss (nana, minet) 31 dans le corpus de la Bank of Music Classroom Essay English . Philip II Of? Dans la mesure ou sour et puss sont 4 fois en co-occurrences, on Classroom Essay, obtient un MI score tres eleve pour cette collocation. Techniques? Le t-score fournit un moyen de resoudre ce probleme puisqu'il prend egalement en compte la frequence.

Pour resumer, le MI a plus de chance d'attribuer des scores eleves a des expressions totalement figees, alors que le t-score va produire des collocats importants qui apparaissent relativement frequemment. Music? Dans la plupart des cas, le t-score est l'outil de mesure le plus fiable. Nbd Online? (tire du Guide de l'Utilisateur de la Bank of in the Classroom Essay English [ Bank of Philip II of Essay English User Guide , http://www.titania.bham.ac.uk/docs/svenguide.html]). 9 . Music Essay? Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners, troisieme edition, 2001, Glasgow : Harper Collins Publishers, le tout premier dictionnaire a etre strictement fonde sur des donnees de corpus, et edite par John Sinclair. 10 . It Called Of Good? Ronald W. Classroom? Langaker (2002), The cognitive Basis of Philip II of Macedonia Essay Grammar. Music In The Classroom Essay? Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter, p. Guernica? 2. 11 . In The Essay? Ronald W. Direct Model Management? Langaker (1997), “The contextual basis of Music Essay cognitive semantics” in Jan Nuyts Eric Pedersen (eds). How Did Prohibition? Language and Classroom, Conceptualization. Of Good Feelings? Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, pp. 229-252.

17 . Terrence W. In The? Deacon (1997), The Co-Evolution of how did prohibition Language and Essay, the Brain , New-York : W. Picasso’s? W. Music In The Classroom? Norton Company. 18 . Direct Model? NdT : Nous avons repris pour l’occasion la traduction de Marina Yaguello (1977, Ed. Music Classroom Essay? de Minuit) pour l’edition francaise, considerant qu’il n’etait guere necessaire de rajouter une traduction de l’anglais au francais a celle qui a ete produite du russe a l’anglais. Picasso’s Guernica? Nous n’ignorons pas cependant que la traduction francaise est en cours de reevaluation dans les travaux bakhtiniens actuels : cf. Classroom? le travail du Centre de recherches en epistemologie comparee de la linguistique d'Europe centrale et orientale ( Crecleco de l’Universite de Lausanne) : http://www2.unil.ch/slav/ling/index.html. How Did End? Wolfgang Teubert donne pour sa part la reference anglaise : V. In The Classroom Essay? N. Techniques? Voloshinov (1989), Marxism and Music, the philosphy of Philip II of Macedonia Essay language. Classroom Essay? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972: “[T]he monologic utterance is, after all, already an abstraction. Othello Techniques? … Any utterance – the Music in the Classroom Essay, finished, written utterance not excepted – makes response to the era of good, something and in the, is calculated to be responded in direct management, turn. In The Essay? It is techniques but a link in in the, a continuous chain of nbd online speech performances.” 19 . Music? “Kristeva's emphasis” p. Why Was It Called Of Good Feelings? 39, in Music in the Essay, Toril Moi (Ed.) (1986), The Kristeva Reader , New York: Columbia University Press. Why Was It Called? [NdT: traduit de (1969) Semeiotike : recherches pour une semanalyse , Paris, Seuil, p. Music In The Classroom? 85]. 20 . Graham Allan (2000), Intertextuality , London : Routledge, p. How Did Prohibition? 58. 21 . Music In The? Cite dans Mueller-Vollmer, Kurt (ed.), 1986 : The hermeneutics Reader. Nbd Online? Oxford : Blackwell, p. Essay? 27.

22 . Of Good? Ric?ur, Paul (1981), Hermeneutics and Music Classroom, the Human Sciences . Why Was It Called Feelings? Edited and Music Essay, translated by John B. Direct Model Management? T. Thompson. Music Essay? Cambridge : Cambridge university Press, p. Model Management? 139. 23 . Music In The Essay? Cite par Fritz Hermanns (2002), Linguistische Hermeneutik, in how did, Angelika Linke, Hanspeter Ortner, Paul R. Essay? Portmann-Tselikas (eds.) : Sprache und mehr : Ansichen einer Linguistik der sprachlichen Praxis, Tubingen : Niemeyer : 125-163, 139. 24 . Model? Cite dans Frank, Mandfred (ed.) (1977), F. Music? D. Management? E. Schleiermacher, Hermeneutik und Kritik . Frankfurt am Main : Suhrkamp, p. Classroom Essay? 94. 25 . Prohibition? Hans-Georg Gadamer (1965), Warheit und Methode.

2 eme edition Tubingen : J. Music In The? C. The Era? B. Essay? Mohr, p. Why Was It Called Of Good? 289. 26 NdT: En francais dans le texte. Wolfgang Teubert , « La linguistique de corpus : une alternative [version abregee] », Semen [En ligne], 27 | 2009, mis en ligne le 01 avril 2009, consulte le 02 octobre 2017. In The Classroom? URL : http://semen.revues.org/8914. University of how did prohibition end Birmingham. © Presses universitaires de Franche-Comte.

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R©sum© Pantagruel par chapitre (Rabelais) - Fran§ais - Premi¨re L. Ce document est le r©sum© de Pantagruel chapitre par chapitre de Rabelais . Music Classroom Essay. Plus pr©cis©ment, cette oeuvre s'intitule Pantagruel, les horribles et ©pouvantables faits et prouesses du tr¨s renomm© Pantagruel roi des dipsodes, fils du grand g©ant Gargantua . Model. Cette fiche de lecture va vous permettre de m©moriser facilement tous les points important du texte, afin d'ªtre prªt pour les ©preuves anticip©es du Bac de Francais . Prologue de l'Auteur - R©sum© de Pantagruel. Fran§ois Rabelais s'adresse ses lecteurs et commente le succ¨s d'une œuvre sur Gargantua (qui n'est pas la sienne). Music Essay. Il poursuit en expliquant que son Pantagruel est ©crit dans le but de nourrir ce go»t pour ce genre de sujet (les g©ants). Direct Management. Enfin, il ordonne de croire en la v©racit© des faits qu'il va raconter. Fiche de lecture Pantagruel - Chapitres 1 10. De l'origine et antiquit© du grand Pantagruel - CHAPITRE PREMIER. Dans ce premier chapitre, l'auteur raconte que les g©ants sont n©s apr¨s que Ca¯n a tu© son fr¨re. Music Classroom Essay. En effet, sa mort a engendr© une ann©e tr¨s fertile pour les n¨fles. How Did End. Mais lorsque les Hommes mang¨rent ces fruits, ceux-ci les fit enfler, et certains Hommes devinrent g©ants.

Il dresse ensuite la g©n©alogie de Pantagruel, partir de son plus vieil ancªtre : Chalbroth. De la nativit© du tr¨s redoubt© Pantagruel - CHAPITRE II. Lors de la naissance de Pantagruel, la Terre subissait une terrible s©cheresse. Music In The Essay. C'est ainsi que Gargantua - tr¨s ¢g© - appela son fils Pantagruel (« tout alt©r© »). Philip. Sa m¨re, Badebec, mourut durant l'accouchement et on in the, s'inqui©ta pour la vie du nouveau-n©, car il n'y avait plus d'eau et peu de nourriture dans le pays. Du deuil que mena Gargantua de la mort de sa femme Badebec - CHAPITRE III. Face la mort de sa femme et la naissance de son fils, Gargantua ©tait en plein dilemme : pleurer sa femme ou se r©jouir de son fils. Picasso’s. Il se d©cida laisser sa femme reposer en paix et prendre soin de son fils. Music In The Classroom Essay. Vieillissant, il fit attention garder sa bonne sant©. De l'enfance de Pantagruel - CHAPITRE IV. Pantagruel avait un app©tit d'ogre, si bien qu'on l'attacha son berceau afin d'©viter qu'il ne mange les vaches qui le nourrissaient.

Un jour, lors d'un festin de son p¨re, Pantagruel tira sur ses liens et s'approcha de la table. Feelings. Gargantua le fit d©tacher et asseoir table avec ses convives. Essay. Pantagruel montra qu'il ne voulait plus ªtre dans son berceau. Des faictz du noble Pantagruel en son jeune eage - CHAPITRE V. Pantagruel grandissait bien et Gargantua l'envoya l'©cole, afin de l'instruire. Picasso’s. Il partit donc Poitiers. In The Essay. Durant ses ©tudes, il parcourut la France afin de d©couvrir ses universit©s. Guernica. Il ©tudia le droit, dans la facult© d'Orl©ans.

Comment Pantagruel rencontra un Limosin qui contrefaisoit le langaige Fran§oys - CHAPITRE VI. Un jour, Pantagruel rencontra un Limousin qui venait de Paris. Music. Au cours de sa discussion sur la vie parisienne, Pantagruel se f¢cha que cet homme ©corche le (vieux) fran§ais. How Did Prohibition End. Il s'en prit alors lui et lui ordonna de parler correctement, sans modifier la langue fran§aise. Comment Pantagruel vint Paris, et ses beaulx livres de la librairie Sainct Victor - CHAPITRE VII.

Pantagruel d©cida, la fin de ses ©tudes orl©anaises, de rejoindre Paris. Music Classroom Essay. Avant tout, il aida les orl©anais sortir une cloche de terre, par sa force l©gendaire. Direct Management. Mais il la fit tant sonner, qu'il fit tourner le vin et ceux qui en burent, tomb¨rent malades. Essay. Lorsqu'il arriva Paris, les parisiens ©taient intrigu©s par sa pr©sence, comme ils l'avaient ©t© avec Gargantua. Nbd Online. Il y apprit les sept mati¨res fondamentales et d©couvrit la biblioth¨que de Saint-Victor. Essay. L'auteur dresse alors la liste des œuvres magnifiques qu'il y trouva. Comment Pantagruel, estant Paris, receut letres de son p¨re Gargantua, et la copie d'icelles - CHAPITRE VIII. Au cours de ses ©tudes, Pantagruel re§ut une lettre de son p¨re. How Did End. Gargantua lui expliquait qu'il ©tait fier de lui et qu'il ©tait content qu'une part de lui soit en son fils. In The Classroom Essay. Il poursuivit en lui demandant d'©tudier de nombreuses langues, et tous les domaines disciplinaires possibles, tout en suivant la parole de Dieu. Nbd Online. Cette lettre encouragea Pantagruel ©tudier encore plus.

Comment Pantagruel trouva Panurge - CHAPITRE IX. Pantagruel rencontra un homme dans la mis¨re. Music In The Classroom Essay. Il voulut le conna®tre mieux et lui demanda son identit©. Othello Techniques. Mais ceci fut difficile car l'homme tenta, en vain de se faire comprendre. In The. A chaque question, il r©pondait Pantagruel de lui donn© manger, dans plusieurs langues. Model. Mais le g©ant ne comprenait pas ces dialectes. Music Classroom. Finalement l'homme s'exprima en fran§ais et se nomma Panurge. Techniques. Il r©it©ra sa demande et Pantagruel le restaura et le garda aupr¨s de lui. Comment Pantagruel equitablement jugea d'une controverse merveilleusement obscure et difficile, si justement que son jugement fut dict fort admirable - CHAPITRE X. Pantagruel, pour tester son savoir, menait des discussions dans la ville.

A la mªme ©poque, une affaire juridique opposait M. In The Essay. de Baisecul M. Nbd Online. de Humevesne. Music In The Essay. Cependant, les juristes n'arrivaient pas r©gler le proc¨s et M. Why Was It Called The Era Feelings. Du Douhet proposa de faire appel Pantagruel pour les aider. Music Essay. Celui-ci accepta et demanda entendre les deux parties, plut´t que de lire les plaintes. Chapitres 11 20 - R©sum© de Pantagruel. Comment les seigneur de Baisecul et Humevesne plaidoie davant Pantagruel sans advocatz - CHAPITRE XI. Le seigneur Baisecul relata le diff©rend qui l'opposait au seigneur Humevesne. Cependant, bien que son discours suive une structure logique, les propos tenus sont incoh©rents pour le lecteur. Comment le seigneur de Humevesnes plaidoie davant Pantagruel - CHAPITRE XII. Lorsque le seigneur Humevesne prit la parole, son discours fut semblable : structur© mais incompr©hensible. Comment Pantagruel donna sentence sus le different des deux seigneurs - CHAPITRE XIII.

Pantagruel rendit son jugement. Othello. Et de la mªme mani¨re, son discours structur©, ne pr©sentait aucune coh©rence entre les id©es. Il semble que Rabelais ait voulu parodier le discours judiciaire. Comment Panurge racompte la mani¨re comment il eschappa de la main des Turcqs - CHAPITRE XIV. Le jugement de Pantagruel fut appr©ci© et on Music, le remercia en lui offrant du vin. II Of. Tandis qu'ils le buvaient, Pantagruel demanda Panurge de raconter comment il avait ©chapp© aux turcs. Classroom Essay. Celui-ci se mit raconter qu'ils l'avaient fait r´tir et que celui qui le gardait s'©tait endormi.

Il en avait profit© pour mettre le feu toute la maison. Prohibition. Et, dans le tumulte de l'incendie, il r©ussit tuer son bourreau et s'©chapper, sans quelques br»lures. Comment Panurge enseigne une mani¨re bien nouvelle de bastir les murailles de Paris - CHAPITRE XV. Lors d'une promenade, Panurge indiqua que les remparts autour de Paris ©taient trop l©gers. Classroom. Il proposa Pantagruel son id©e, quant la construction de murailles renforc©es. Othello. Panurge voulait faire des remparts en utilisant les « callibistrys » des femmes (leur sexe) et d'y ajouter des queues de renard ou d'¢nes pour ©viter que les mouches n'y viennent. Music In The Classroom. Panurge semblait avoir des mœurs dissolues et cela plaisait Pantagruel qui le fit entrer dans sa confr©rie. Des meurs et condictions de Panurge - CHAPITRE XVI. L'auteur d©crit le personnage de Panurge. How Did End. Ce dernier ©tait fin et assez souvent en manque d'argent. In The Classroom Essay. Pour pallier ceci il poss©dait de nombreuses combines malfaisantes qui faisaient perdre la tªte aux hommes et aux femmes qu'il importunait.

Comment Panurge guainguoyt les pardons et maryoit les vieilles, et des proc¨s qu'il eut Paris - CHAPITRE XVII. Apr¨s une tourn©e des ©glises avec Pantagruel, Panurge lui expliqua comment il se faisait de l'argent, en le volant. Techniques. Pantagruel, qui ne comprenait comment il pouvait recueillir tant d'argent et n'en avoir jamais, lui demanda des explications. Essay. Panurge exposa l'usage qu'il faisait de cet argent : il mariait des femmes laides et vieilles ; il payait des proc¨s pour r©tablir ses pratiques viles. It Called. Il connaissait plus de mani¨re de trouver de l'argent que de le d©penser. Comment un grand clerc d'Angleterre vouloit arguer contre Pantagruel, et fut vaincu par Panurge - CHAPITRE XVIII. L'immense connaissance de Pantagruel commen§ait se savoir au-del de la France et Thaumaste, un anglais, voulut le rencontrer pour discuter avec lui. Music Classroom. Ils se mirent d'accord sur une heure et en un lieu pour se retrouver et tenter de r©pondre leurs questionnements en public. Nbd Online. La veille, Panurge rassura Pantagruel sur ce d©bat, en expliquant qu'il r©pondrait aux questions sa place. Comment Panurge feist quinaud l'Angloys, qui arguoit par signe - CHAPITRE XIX.

Le lendemain, la discussion commen§a entre Panurge et Thaumaste. In The. Mais aucun bruit ne se fit entendre, tout ©tait dans la gestuelle. Why Was The Era Of Good Feelings. Les spectateurs (tout comme les lecteurs) ne comprenaient pas ces gestes. Comment Thaumaste racompte les vertus et s§avoir de Panurge - CHAPITRE XX. A la fin du d©bat, Thaumaste reconnut devant tout le monde, la grandeur et la connaissance de Pantagruel.

Puis ils all¨rent fªter cela ensemble. Chapitres 21 30 - R©sum© de Pantagruel, Rabelais. Comment Panurge feut amoureux d'une haulte dame de Paris - CHAPITRE XXI. Panurge avait remarqu© une noble dame qui lui plaisait. In The Classroom Essay. Il tenta plusieurs fois de lui faire la cour de fa§on provocante. Picasso’s Guernica. Un jour, celle-ci refusa nouveau en le mena§ant et s'en d©tacha. Music In The Essay. Panurge prit peur et s'enfuit. Comment Panurge feist un tour la dame Parisianne qui ne fut poinct son adventage - CHAPITRE XXII. Panurge, qui ne voulait pas en rester l , s'arrangea pour se rapprocher de cette dame, tr¨s richement vªtue, pour la fªte du sacre. Guernica. Il lui fit lire un rondeau qu'il lui adressait puis discr¨tement la saupoudra de ph©romones de chienne.

Ainsi, de nombreux chiens accoururent aupr¨s d'elle et lui urin¨rent dessus, sans qu'elle puisse s'en d©faire jusqu' ce qu'elle rentre chez elle. Comment Pantagruel partit de Paris, ouyant nouvelles que les Dipsodes envahyssoient le pays des Amaurotes, et la cause pourquoy les lieues sont tant petites en France - CHAPITRE XXIII. Quelques temps apr¨s, Pantagruel re§ut une lettre de son p¨re qui l'informait qu'il ©tait au pays des f©es et que les Dipsodes avaient envahi le pays des Amaurotes (de leur royaume Utopie). In The Classroom Essay. Il partit de Paris en emmenant Panurge, Epistemon, Eusthenes et Carpalim. Picasso’s Guernica. Panurge expliqua la raison pour laquelle l'unit© de distance ©tait si courte. In The Essay. D'apr¨s lui, cela venait d'une mission donn©e des hommes de poser une pierre lorsqu'ils couchaient avec leurs femmes. Picasso’s Guernica. Chaque pierre correspondait une lieue. Lettres que un messagier aporta Pantagruel d'une dame de Paris, et l'exposition d'un mot escript en un anneau d'or - CHAPITRE XXIV. Pantagruel avait re§u un courrier d'une dame parisienne, qui contenait un anneau en or.

Panurge tenta tant bien que mal de comprendre la signification de ce message. Music. Finalement, Pantagruel lut une courte phrase l'int©rieur de l'anneau et compris qu'il n'avait pas fait ses adieux son amante et que celle-ci s'en plaignait. Othello. Pouss© par ses compagnons, il mit cette histoire de c´t© et ils prirent la mer. Music In The Classroom. Lorsqu'ils arriv¨rent proximit© du pays des Amaurotes, chaque compagnon indiqua son courage et ses capacit©s Pantagruel. Comment Panurge, Carpalim, Eusthenes, Epistemon, compaignons de Pantagruel, desconfirent six cens soixante chevaliers bien subtilement - CHAPITRE XXV. Lorsqu'ils d©barqu¨rent sur le rivage, les ennemis arriv¨rent pour les attaquer. It Called The Era. Panurge d©cida que Pantagruel resterait dans le bateau et que les autres compagnons se chargeraient de le d©fendre. In The. Ils firent en sorte de rassembler les cavaliers ennemis en un mªme lieu et les firent tomber l'aide de cordes, puis les incendi¨rent. Nbd Online. Un seul ennemi surv©cut et ils le firent prisonnier.

Pantagruel les f©licita. Comment Pantagruel et ses compaignons estoient fachez de manger de la chair sal©e, et comme Carpalim alla chasser pour avoir de la venaison - CHAPITRE XXVI. Carpalim se d©cida trouver de la nourriture plus appropri©e leur festin. Classroom Essay. Ayant vu un chevreuil, il partit en chasse (venaison) et ramena de nombreux gibiers. Philip II Of Essay. Par la suite, Pantagruel demanda au prisonnier quelle ©tait la composition des troupes ennemies. Music In The Classroom. Il lui expliqua que l'arm©e d'Anarche, roi des Dipsodes, ©tait compos©e de nombreux g©ants, soldats, et belles femmes. Philip Macedonia Essay. Les compagnons comment¨rent de fa§on grivoise la pr©sence de femmes et Pantagruel mit un terme cette conversation et les mit en route. Comment Pantagruel droissa un troph©e en m©moire de leur prouesse, et Panurge un aultre en m©moire des levraulx.

Et comment Pantagruel de ses petz engendroit les petitz hommes, et de ses vesnes les petites femmes. Music In The Classroom. Et comment Panurge rompit un gros baston sur deux verres - CHAPITRE XXVII. Avant de partir, Pantagruel voulut ©riger un monument afin de rendre hommage ses compagnons. Direct. Panurge le parodia et fit un monument en l'hommage de leur festin. Music In The Essay. Pantagruel fit alors un gaz et il en sortit plein de petits hommes et femmes, qu'il appela les Pygm©es. Macedonia Essay. Puis Panurge montra ses compagnons, une strat©gie pour battre leurs ennemis. Comment Pantagruel eut victoire bien estrangement des Dipsodes et des Geans - CHAPITRE XXVIII. Pantagruel envoya alors le prisonnier pr©venir Anarche de sa force et lui donna une gel©e alcoolis©e lui faire prendre.

Tandis que Pantagruel et ses amis se mettaient en route, Anarche prit la gel©e et en fut tout assoiff©, si bien que tous ses proches et tous ses soldats, crurent qu'il fallait boire outrance avant l'attaque de Pantagruel. Music Essay. Tous s'endormirent, ivres. Guernica. Arriv©s proximit© du camp, Pantagruel envoya Carpalim mettre le feu aux munitions des Dipsodes, puis, prit d'une envie soudaine, urina sur le camp, provoquant un d©luge. Comment Pantagruel deffit les troys cens geans armez de pierres de taille, et Loup Garou leur capitaine - CHAPITRE XXIX. Le chef des g©ants, Loup-Garou demanda se battre seul contre Pantagruel. In The Classroom. Ce dernier n'©tait pas tr¨s rassur©, car contrairement Loup-Garou, il n'©tait pas arm©. How Did. Toutefois, il se d©fendit gr¢ce aux tonneaux de sel qu'il transportait, puis il le fit tomber et s'en servit pour mettre terre les autres g©ants qui venaient l'aider.

Les compagnons de Pantagruel, l'aid¨rent en ©gorgeant les g©ants qui ©taient terre. Comment Epistemon, qui avoit la couppe test©e, feut guery habillement par Panurge et des nouvelles des diables et des damnez - CHAPITRE XXX. Lorsque la bataille fut termin©e, Epistemon manquait l'appel. Music Essay. Pantagruel et ses compagnons le retrouv¨rent d©capit© au milieu des g©ants. Picasso’s Guernica. Panurge usa de sa magie et recolla la tªte au corps, et Epistemon ressuscita. Music. Il raconta alors qu'il avait rencontr© les diables et qu'ils ©taient sympathiques. Nbd Online. Il ©non§a alors tous les hommes qui avaient ©t© seigneurs en leur vie et qui menaient une vie de mis¨re en Enfer ; et inversement, tous ceux qui avaient v©cu dans la mis¨re, demeuraient alors riches et opulents l -bas. Music In The Classroom. Puis Panurge demanda ce qu'il advenait d'Anarche et Pantagruel lui offrit le sort de ce roi.

R©sum© de Pantagruel, Fils de Gargantua - Chapitres 31 34. Comment Pantagruel entra en la ville des Amaurotes et comment Panurge maria le roy Anarche et le feist cryeur de saulce vert - CHAPITRE XXXI. Le peuple de la ville des Amaurotes f©licit¨rent leurs sauveurs par un immense festin. Philip II Of Macedonia. Pantagruel annon§a qu'il se rendrait le lendemain au pays des Dipsodes et proposa aux habitants de le suivre. In The Essay. De son c´t©, Panurge fit d'Anarche un « crieur de sauce vert » et le maria une vieille femme. Comment Pantagruel de sa langue couvrit toute une arm©e, et de ce que l'auteur veit dedans sa bouche - CHAPITRE XXXII. Pantagruel et ses hommes se mirent en route pour le royaume des Dipsodes. Guernica. Mais il se mit pleuvoir et le g©ant invita ses soldats se mettre l'abri sous sa langue qu'il avait tir©e.

L'auteur raconte pr©sent, qu'il s'est rendu cet instant-l , dans la bouche de Pantagruel. In The Classroom. Il y a d©couvert un monde nouveau, regroupant de nombreuses villes. Direct Model. Lorsqu'il se d©cida sortir de sa bouche, six mois ©taient pass©s, et Pantagruel avait conquis les Dipsodes. In The Classroom. Il interrogea l'auteur, sur son p©riple l'int©rieur de lui. Comment Pantagruel feut malade, et la fa§on comment il guerit - CHAPITRE XXXIII. Quelques temps apr¨s, Pantagruel tomba malade de l'estomac. Picasso’s. Les m©decins avaient de la peine le gu©rir et ils envoy¨rent des hommes dans d'©normes boules de cuivre - semblables des pilules pour g©ant - dans le corps de Pantagruel, afin de le soigner. La conclusion du present livre et l'excuse de l'auteur - CHAPITRE XXXIV.

L'auteur informe le lecteur de futurs ouvrages racontant notamment les p©rip©ties du g©ant Pantagruel. Essay. Puis il justifie ses propos et leur v©racit© et demande au lecteur de ne pas le juger, car lui aussi commet des fautes. Vous devez ªtre connect© pour pouvoir lire la suite. Vous voulez en savoir plus sur les enseignements du Bac L ? digiSchool vous prop. S’inscrire au Baccalaur©at Litt©raire en candidat libre est une ©tape franchir.

Les cours de litt©rature de Terminale L repr©sentent une ©preuve au Baccalaur©at. Le Baccalaur©at est un examen tr¨s redout© par les lyc©ens. Guernica. Entre r©visions et s.

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a-g coursework What if I don't have any activities or awards? Will I be penalized? Activities and awards are not required. Knowing what you have done outside of school simply adds to our understanding of you as an applicant. We call academic subjects (history/social studies, English, etc.) the 'a-g' subject areas. Here, we want to know about other courses you have taken that have helped shape you but that might not have been granted academic credit. We want to know which have been most significant to you. We want to know which have been most significant to you.

We want to know which have been most significant to you. We want to know which have been most significant to you. Having this information gives us a more complete picture of you. We want to know which have been most significant to you. We want to know which have been most significant to you. back. I did not qualify for a fee waiver. What should I do if I can't afford to apply? Select check as your method of payment, then print out Music Essay your bill and send it to the application center along with a College Board fee waiver, EOPS fee waiver or letter stating your family income and how did end, how many people are supported by that income.

If your fee waiver is not accepted, you will be notified by the UC Application Center. No. Application fees are nonrefundable. In The Classroom? If I've already submitted my application and direct management, want to apply to an additional campus, should I start a new application? No. If the Music in the Classroom, campus you want to apply to is still open, you can add it to your existing application. You will have to pay an additional application fee. Some majors are open only to certain types of applicants (e.g., freshmen, junior-level transfers). Additionally, campuses have limited offerings for sophomore transfers and second baccalaureate and nbd online, limited status applicants.

Majors also are limited after the November filing period. If the program you want to pursue is not an in the Classroom Essay official double major program, select one major as the primary and the second major as the alternate. This is an option to select another area of potential interest should you not meet the why was, selection criteria for a specific major or academic area of study (e.g., Engineering, Biological Sciences, Theater, etc.). If you do not have an alternate major choice, the system defaults to 'no alternate major.' Some campuses do not allow an alternate major choice. For freshman applicants, each campus has an option for an undeclared or undecided major. It may be found within a specific college (e.g., College of Letters and Science) or found in a listing of all undeclared majors (e.g., Irvine, Riverside and Music in the Classroom Essay, Santa Cruz's Undeclared Majors). Undecided/Undeclared generally is othello, not an option for junior-level transfer applicants.

Some majors require additional information for the admissions process. Please follow the Music Classroom, instructions given specifically for picasso’s guernica, these majors within the published deadlines. How do I provide my best scores (i.e., super score) from different test dates? UC does not accept a super score. Please self-report only the SAT test date with the highest total score or the ACT test date with the highest composite score. Scores from other test dates can be ordered and reported officially from the testing agency. back. If you haven't taken an exam, try to in the take it by December. Direct? If you are unable to Music in the Classroom do so, check the appropriate box and how did prohibition, explain why in the space provided. Failing to Music in the Essay take the direct management, exams may affect your admission. Music In The Classroom Essay? back. All requirements for freshman admission, including the examination requirement, must be completed prior to high school graduation. back.

We only accept the Math Level 2 exam, however, you may choose to send your official Math Level 1 score in order to clear a math subject area deficiency. back. No, but if you have taken or plan to take any AP exams, report them on the AP Exam page. Othello Techniques? This provides us with additional information about your academic history. In The Essay? back. Predicted International Baccalaureate (IB) results should be reported on the International External Exams page. Completed IB exams should be reported on the IB Exams page. back. No, but if you have taken or plan to take any IB exams, report them on the IB Exam page. This provides us with additional information about your academic history. back. You can make a note of this in the Additional Comments area in the Personal Insight section. back. Only international students enrolled in secondary school outside of the nbd online, U.S. should report their predicted IB exam scores on the International External Exams page.

For all students, completed and/or planned IB exams should be reported on Classroom Essay, the IB Exams page. back. Only international students enrolled in guernica secondary school outside of the U.S. should report their predicted IB exam scores. Report only counselor- or school-predicted IB exam scores; do not report self-predicted scores. back. Predicted International Baccalaureate (IB) results should be reported on the International External Exam page. Completed IB exams should be reported on the IB Exam page. back. If you have or will have AP or IB scores, request that the official score report be sent by in the, the testing agency to the UC campus where you plan to of good feelings enroll, after you have accepted the offer of admission; unlike ACT and SAT scores, AP and IB scores are not shared with each campus to which you have applied. back. The TOEFL and IELTS are English proficiency exams for students whose native language is not English and who have had the Music Essay, majority of nbd online their education in secondary/high school and college/university in Classroom a country where English is not the native language. back. The minimum accepted score for the TOEFL is 80 for Philip Macedonia, the Internet-based test and 550 for the paper-based test.

The IELTS examination is accepted with a 6.5 or better band score (academic modules). For admission selection, a UC campus may require a score higher than the minimum. back. Report all external exams completed and planned on the International External Exams page. Select the grades/marks received exactly as they appear on your certified results sheet rather than the mark assigned by your teacher at the end of the course. If your exam was scored using a grade scale not listed on the International External Exams page, select 'other' and Music Essay, manually enter your results. And, finally, if you sat for the same subject more than once, you must report the grades earned from othello, each sitting. If only part of your schooling included external exams, report your school courses and grades as they will be listed on your official secondary school transcript in in the Classroom Essay the Academic History section of the application. back. How Did? Yes. We do not require Subject Tests, but if you have taken them and want to report your scores we will consider them in our review of your application. Some majors at in the Essay some campuses recommend specific Subject Tests. Picasso’s? back. Music In The Classroom? Yes, the application center will forward your scores to all campuses to which you have applied.

You still must arrange to have official scores sent by the testing agency to at least one campus. back. Freshman and Sophomore Applicants. Upper Division Transfer Applicants. Can I submit my transcripts instead of picasso’s entering all my coursework and grades? No. Do not send transcripts unless a campus Admissions Office requests them. In The? If you are admitted you will be required to picasso’s submit official transcripts. back. Report all external exams completed and planned on the International External Exams page in the Test Score section.

Select the Classroom Essay, grades/marks received exactly as they appear on your certified results sheet rather than the mark assigned by your teacher at the end of the course. If your exam was scored using a grade scale not listed on the International External Exams page, select 'other' and manually enter your results. And, finally, if you sat for the same subject more than once, you must report the grades earned from each sitting. back. Yes. List the Macedonia Essay, courses you took and grades you earned for each term, even if you repeated them or plan to Music Essay repeat them. back. How Did End? Freshman and Sophomore Applicants. Some middle-school courses in mathematics and language other than English count toward UC's subject requirement. back. Select Less than full year under the Term Period if you did not complete and pass the equivalent of two full semesters of the course. In The Classroom Essay? back.

We call academic subjects (history/social science, English, etc.) the how did, 'a-g' subject areas. Each accredited California high school has a list of courses that have been certified by UC as meeting the 'a-g' subject requirements. If you attended school outside of California, list your courses in the appropriate academic subject areas. back. Integrated math courses (e.g., Math II, Math III, etc.) with geometry content may be equated with a standard course in geometry. back. You can meet this requirement in Music in the one of several ways, including through SAT Subject Tests. You can also have your high school principal certify your proficiency in a language other than English.

Tell us how you have met this requirement in the Additional Comments section. back. Picasso’s Guernica? Enter your honors level courses, as identified by Music Classroom Essay, your high school, by the era of good feelings, selecting HL as the Honors Type for the course(s). back. UC approves courses at all accredited California high schools as meeting the Essay, 'a-g' requirements. Some courses are approved as honors-level courses, meaning they meet higher standards. back. How Did? In calculating your high school GPA, we don't count pluses and minuses. back. Indicate summer course enrollment with your school information for each academic year.

You will be asked to enter summer courses separately after each grade level. If you took college courses, enter them in the Colleges Courses section. back. If the online school has an approved UC course list, add the school as one of the high schools you attended. We no longer allow principal certification of online courses. back. In The Classroom? If you took a course through a community college, regardless of the physical location of the course, enter the community college in your list of colleges attended while in high school. Picasso’s Guernica? back. The additional honors point is awarded to college-level courses that are transferable to in the Classroom the University of California. Othello Techniques? High school-level courses taken at a community college do not receive the honors designation. back.

For the off-term, enter the grade of NO (No Course). Classroom Essay? back. If your school''s term system is picasso’s guernica, Semester (2 final grades per year), enter your summer grade in one of the grade fields and enter NO for in the Classroom Essay, the other grade field. If your school's term system is direct model, Trimester(3 final grades per year), enter your summer grade(s) in Music in the Classroom 2 of the grade fields and NO for the other grade field. If your school's term system is Quarter (4 final grades per it called, year), enter your 2 summer grades received and NO for the other 2 grade fields. back. Complete the Academic History as best you can. Be sure to list all schools attended, beginning with grade nine, even though grade nine may have been completed at a junior high or middle school.

Report all academic subjects completed and grades/marks earned each year exactly as they appear on in the Classroom Essay, your official secondary school transcript or academic record. UC has experienced international admission specialists who are knowledgeable about the different grading systems and methods of reporting coursework in different countries. If you sat/will sit for international external exams, report your exam subjects and grades on the International External Exams page in the Test Score section. How Did Prohibition? You can also contact an International Admissions Specialist at the campus you want to attend. Their contact information is included on Music in the Essay, the campus pages of the UC admissions website. back. Why Was Of Good Feelings? Knowing your high school record helps us determine if you're eligible for admission prior to junior standing. We accept sophomore transfer students only Music if they met UC admission requirements in high school or met all but the why was of good feelings, subject requirement and have taken the missing subjects in college. back. In the United States, 12th grade is equivalent to the year of Music in the Classroom Essay schooling before you attend university. Picasso’s Guernica? If you attended school in in the Classroom a system where primary and secondary education total 13 years (Germany or Great Britain, for othello, example), list your 13th year of in the Classroom Essay coursework under 12th grade and work backward through 11th, 10th and 9th grades. It's also important to note that we often use the words 'college' and 'university' interchangeably. In the Philip II of Macedonia, U.S., college level is the same as university level; college is not upper-level secondary school. back.

Each California community college has a list of courses that have been certified as meeting the 'a-g' subject requirements. back. If you attend a school where you earn a high school diploma and college credit at the same time, enter the Music Essay, high school you attend and the classes taken at why was it called the era of good the high school first. Music In The Classroom Essay? After you complete your high school information, you will be asked about of good feelings, colleges and college courses taken while in high school. Music Classroom Essay? back. If you are admitted, you must arrange to have a final, official high school transcript (showing your date of graduation) sent to nbd online the campus where you plan to enroll. Unless a campus requests it, do not send a transcript during the Music Classroom, application process. back. You must report all colleges/universities you have attended and all coursework attempted, regardless of how long you attended or the grades you earned, whether courses were completed or whether you believe the record will affect your chances for admission or yield transfer credit. If you provide incomplete or incorrect information, you may jeopardize your UC admission or enrollment. back. The Era Of Good? Report military courses (not academic courses completed at a college or university) in in the the Additional Comments box - not in the Colleges and Courses section.

Do not submit any transcripts at this time. If you are admitted and accept an picasso’s offer of admission, you can then submit official military transcripts (e.g., ACE, SMAART) to the UC campus of your choice. UC may award transfer credit for some of your military courses if the content is Music Classroom, equivalent to a course taught by the University of California. back. Nbd Online? You are not required to submit your military transcript unless you want them to be reviewed for in the Classroom Essay, possible transfer credit. However, if you do not submit them by the stated deadline after you have been admitted, the admission office may not be able to review them after you begin classes at the campus. back. Visit the American Council on Education (ACE) website at: acenet.edu - search for military transcripts. Othello? back. You will be able to update your application. About five weeks after the application submission deadline, you must log in to Music your application and complete the transfer academic update to prohibition confirm or change your planned coursework. back. Manually enter the course as Course Title-Part 1, Course Title-Part 2, etc. Please explain in the Additional Comments section of Other Academic History. back.

Yes. Many transfer students who didn't participate in a transfer admission program enroll at UC. back. If you are a sophomore transfer applicant and Music Classroom Essay, were eligible for admission out of high school or have satisfied the missing subjects, you do not have to othello complete the seven-course pattern. If you are a junior or senior transfer applicant, you should plan to complete these courses by the deadline required by your chosen campus(es). back. Enter this information in the Additional Comments area. back. IGETC is a series of courses California community college students can take to satisfy the lower-division general education/breadth requirements at UC. If is not an admission requirement. If you have followed an IGETC plan since entering a community college, see which campuses programs accept IGETC. back.

All UC undergraduates must demonstrate proficiency in writing. You can fulfill this requirement by completing a transferable college English composition course worth 4 quarter (3 semester) units. More back. Select STLIP (still in progress) for your course grades. Submit your academic update before the priority deadline and update your grades as soon as you receive them. back. Once you've submitted the Transfer Academic Update, you may log back in and make necessary changes. back.

If you are admitted, you must arrange to have final, official transcripts sent to the campus where you plan to enroll. Unless a campus requests it, do not send a transcript during the application process. back. Upper Division Transfer Applicants. Music Classroom? You will need to retrieve this information from UC TAP in order to verify your identity and initiate the import into the application for admission to the University. Why Was It Called The Era Feelings? UC TAP accounts and the UC admissions application accounts are NOT directly linked. In The? back. Even though personal and nbd online, demographic information are contained in UC TAP, only the Essay, academic history (school, coursework and UC TAP/TAG information) will be available for import into Essay the UC application. back.

Make sure you are using the correct UC TAP login ID and UC TAP email. back. UC Transfer Admission Planner data are current as of the in the Classroom Essay, date noted at the top of the page. If your last import is before that date, you will need to make the same updates here as they will not be reflected in nbd online the imported data. back. If the system is unable to make the match between your UC TAP account and Music in the Classroom, your application, you should manually enter your information. back. Direct? Freshman and Sophomore Applicants. Upper Division Transfer Applicants. I attend a British System college. How should I enter my school? If you are completing Advanced Level examinations in the British System (United Kingdom, Singapore, etc.), indicate your last school attended as your high school of graduation, even though your school may be called a college or junior college. We often use the words 'college' and 'university' interchangeably.

College level is the same as university level. Music In The? College is not upper-level secondary school in the U.S. back. Freshman and Sophomore Applicants. If your California high school does not appear in the list, check that you have typed the name correctly. Try entering just the II of Macedonia, unique words in your school name and Classroom Essay, leaving out words such as High School, College, or Saint. If your school is not in picasso’s guernica California and does not appear in Music in the Classroom the list (or no matches appear), enter the full name of the school, the city and how did, institution type, then click 'Add This.' back. Music Classroom Essay? Specialized curriculum focuses on a particular academic or career-technical area of study. A career pathway/academy is a cohort of picasso’s students within a school who typically participate for three years in a state-funded California Partnership Academy with a focus on an area of career interest. In The? A magnet school accepts students based on nbd online, their interest and Music Classroom, proven talent in an academic area of Philip II of Macedonia emphasis (e.g., the arts, or science and technology) and nurtures student development in Music Classroom that area. If your school does not have a specialized curriculum, leave this blank.

Do not select Other. back. Macedonia? List 'Home School/Home Study' as your school name. For diploma/certification received, list either GED or High School Proficiency. If you took courses through an Classroom online provider, a correspondence school or other accredited program, list the institution's name and dates of attendance, and any certificate received. Some campuses may require additional information such as a portfolio. For specific requirements, contact the individual campus. back. Enter all the requested information and answer 'Yes' to the question asking if this is the it called the era of good, school you graduated from. For diploma/certification received, select any equivalency you earned (e.g., GED or High School Proficiency) if applicable or Other and type None. Please explain why you did not graduate from in the, high school in the Additional Comments section of Other Academic History. back.

If your school's grading system isn't listed, choose Other from the nbd online, dropdown menu and enter your school's system. Do not select Other if the only differences are plus and minus letter grades. Music Classroom? If your grades are from Philip Macedonia, a school outside the Classroom Essay, U.S., do not convert them; enter your marks exactly as issued by your school when you are asked for your grades. If you attend school in Korea, which uses a ranking system (1-9), please report both your rank and your raw score in each course. Grades should be reported as follows: rank/raw score (e.g., 2/94). Essay? We have experienced international admission specialists who are knowledgeable about the different grading systems and methods of reporting coursework in different countries. back.

Enter the dates as if there were no gap in attendance, starting with the earliest date you attended the school and ending with the most recent. back. If the online provider has an approved UC course list (e.g., Laurel Springs Online, UCCP, EPGY), add the Music in the Classroom, provider as one of the high schools you attended. If the why was, online course is being certified by your high school principal and will appear on your high school transcript, you can self-enter the course as part of the curriculum taken at your high school. back. If you took a course through a community college, regardless of the physical location of the in the, course, enter the it called of good feelings, community college in your list of colleges attended while in high school. back. If you attend a school where you earn a high school diploma and college credit at the same time, enter the high school you attend and the classes taken at the high school first. After you complete your high school information, you will be asked about colleges and college courses taken while in high school, step 3 In This Section. Classroom Essay? back. If your college is in California, check that you have typed the name correctly. Try entering just the Philip Essay, unique words in your school name and Music Classroom, leaving out words such as High School, College, or Saint. Othello? If your school is not in California and does not appear in Music Classroom the list (or no matches appear), enter the full name of the end, school, the city and institution type, then click 'Add This.' back. Enter the dates as if there were no gap in attendance, starting with the Music in the Essay, earliest date you attended the school and direct model, ending with the most recent. back. Indicate as your current college the one where you are carrying the most units. back.

Check with your California community college counselor to see if your degree is an approved Associate of Arts or Associate of Music Science degree for othello, Transfer (i.e., AA-T, AS-T, SB 1440 degree). Select Associate's if your degree is not one of the approved degree programs or you are attending a community college outside of California. back. If your school's grading system isn't listed, choose Other from the dropdown menu and enter your school's system. Do not select Other if the only differences are plus and in the, minus letter grades. If your grades are from a school outside the why was it called the era, U.S., do not convert them; enter your marks exactly as issued by your school when you are asked for your grades. back. Upper Division Transfer Applicants. It helps us understand your academic history and the path you've taken. List the high school you graduate from or last attended. Music Classroom Essay? back. Finish typing the name of your school and click 'Add.' Answer the questions that follow. back. If you received a GED or certificate, enter that information in Philip the space provided.

Otherwise, leave the space blank. back. You will need to Music in the Classroom Essay retrieve this information from UC TAP in order to othello verify your identity and initiate the import into the application for admission to Music in the the University. UC TAP accounts and the UC admissions application accounts are NOT directly linked. Direct Model? back. Even though personal and Music in the Classroom Essay, demographic information are contained in UC TAP, only the academic history (school, coursework and UC TAP/TAG information) will be available for import into the UC application. back. Make sure you are using the correct UC TAP login ID and UC TAP email. It Called Of Good? back. UC Transfer Admission Planner data are current as of the Classroom, date noted at the top of the page. If your last import is before that date, you will need to make the same updates here as they will not be reflected in the imported data. back.

If the system is unable to make the match between your UC TAP account and your application, you should manually enter your information. back. When will I find out if I've been granted a scholarship? The campus will inform you after you are admitted. Othello? Yes, your eligibility will be confirmed prior to any scholarship being awarded. In The Essay? It is strongly recommended that all U.S. citizens, eligible non-citizens, and undocumented students who meet AB540 requirements apply for financial aid (including grants and loans). The deadline to Essay apply is March 2 of the in the Classroom Essay, year you plan to the era of good start.

I have one parent/legal guardian. In The? Do I have to fill out both parent sections? Enter only the end, information that is relevant to your family situation. You may leave the job title and number of years blank. While most students under 24 do not meet the criteria for financial independence, if this accurately describes your situation and you support yourself solely with your own resources (employment, commercial/institutional loans in your name only, financial aid and savings from earnings,) you should claim independent status. Your response to this question helps us understand your unique family situation and does not have any bearing on financial aid determinations. It helps us understand your unique family situation. Your response helps us understand your unique family situation and does not have any bearing on financial aid determinations.

Estimate the total you earn each year before taxes are taken out. Music? For parent income, that includes money earned by your parents and step-parents who contribute to your support. If you're married, include your spouse's income. Income can include wages, salary, commissions, income from self-employment; Social Security, dividends or interest, public assistance or welfare payments, unemployment compensation, pensions or annuities, alimony or child support payments, and regular contributions from persons not living in the household. Do not include any financial aid you've received. Check the box indicating you are a dependent of a U.S. Techniques? service member or veteran.

I don't have an email address. Music In The? Should I use a different user name? You must provide a valid email address so campuses can quickly contact you to update or clarify any information in your application. If you do not have one, you can easily sign up for a free email account through sites such as Yahoo Mail or Gmail. How Did Prohibition End? back. You can reset your password by answering the secret question you have set up. Music Essay? back. This is a question that is easy for you to Philip II of Essay answer but difficult for Music, others to guess. For instance, your question might be, 'What is your grandmother's first name?' or 'What city was Mom born in?' back.

Enter your legal name first. Picasso’s? This is the name, for example, that appears on Music in the Essay, your passport. back. Common suffixes are Jr., II or 3rd. Leave this field blank if you don't have one. back. If you use a name that you wish to be known or identified by, and is different from your legal name, you can submit a request for a name change to the campus upon enrollment. Direct Management? back.

UC needs a phone number at which we can contact you. Music In The Essay? Please provide the number of II of Macedonia a friend, neighbor or relative. back. Yes, enter the Music Classroom Essay, actual address. back. Plus 4 is techniques, a four-digit number added to a Zip code to provide a more precise location than the Zip code alone. Essay? If you don't know your Plus 4, leave this field blank. Direct? back. The current address is the Classroom, address the University will use for mailed (postal mail) correspondence to you regarding the admissions process. If you are an international applicant, list your home country mailing address as your permanent address if it is different from direct model, your current address. Music? back. We use the Social Security Number you provide to accurately and reliably merge your application to the official ACT and/or SAT scores we receive from the testing agencies and, if you apply for financial aid, your Free Application for Federal Student Aid. We also report it to why was it called of good feelings the Internal Revenue Service, pursuant to in the the Taxpayer's Relief Act of 1997.

You are required to disclose your Social Security Number if you have one. This notification is Philip II of Macedonia, provided to you as required by the Federal Privacy Act of 1974. The university's record-keeping systems related to Music in the Essay this application were established prior to January 1, 1975, pursuant to the authority granted to the Regents of the othello techniques, University of California under Article IX, Section 9 of the California Constitution. back. If you are using Firefox, you need to upgrade your browser to at least Firefox 3.6. Earlier versions of Firefox won't allow you to enter your full Social Security Number. back. If you have a valid Social Security Number (SSN) - for instance, because of immigration proceedings - enter it in the application. If you have an SSN for Music Classroom, work purposes (usually through DACA), enter that number. If you don't have a valid SSN or SSN for work purposes, but DO have an Individual Tax Payer Identification Number (ITIN), use the end, ITIN in place of an SSN. If you don't have a valid SSN, SSN for work purposes, or ITIN, leave this item blank. back.

Every K-12 student in California public schools is assigned a statewide ID number. Classroom? The unique 10-digit number enables the state Department of direct Education to comply with federal data-reporting requirements as students progress from year to year and Classroom, school to school. Providing this number is optional. back. Othello? It helps us understand your unique situation. To give us a complete picture of Music in the Classroom who you are, you may wish to discuss your military service and/or foster care experience in one or more of your personal insight question responses. Nbd Online? back. The Educational Opportunity Program (EOP) provides assistance through mentorship, academic programs, financial assistance, counseling/advising, and other campus support services to Music in the those who are first-generation college students, and/or from low-income and educationally disadvantaged backgrounds. Nbd Online? In addition to assisting students through to graduation, EOP helps prepare students for admission to graduate and professional schools. EOP serves students from all ethnic backgrounds, and is open only to California residents and to American Indians from any state. back.

Providing the Music Classroom Essay, LGBT community with the option to self-identify supports the University's priorities of Philip Macedonia Essay creating an inclusive and welcoming campus environment across the UC system. As with all other demographic questions on the admission application, providing gender identity and sexual orientation data will be voluntary, optional, and as required by Music in the Essay, law, not impact admission decisions. back. Bisexual- A person whose primary sexual and affectional orientation is toward people of the same and other genders, or toward people regardless of their gender. Guernica? Gay - A sexual and affectional orientation toward people of the same gender. Heterosexual/Straight - A sexual orientation in which a person feels physically and emotionally attracted to people of a gender other than their own. Lesbian - A woman whose primary sexual and affectional orientation is in the Classroom Essay, toward people of the nbd online, same gender. back. Gender Non-Conforming - People who do not subscribe to gender expressions or roles expected of Music in the Classroom them by society. Direct Management? Genderqueer - A person whose gender identity and/or gender expression falls outside of the dominant social norm of the assigned sex, is beyond genders, or is some combination. Transgender - Used most often as an umbrella term; some commonly held definitions: someone whose gender identity or expression does not fit within dominant group social constructs of Music Classroom assigned sex and gender a gender outside of the guernica, man/woman binary having no gender or multiple genders Trans Man/Trans Male - A female-to-male (FTM) transgender person who was assigned female at birth, but whose gender identity is that of a man. Trans Woman/Trans Female - A male-to-female (MTF) transgender person who was assigned male at birth, but whose gender identity is that of a woman. back.

This information is used for statistical purposes only by UC, government agencies and researchers. Providing this information is optional, and it does not affect your chances of admission. back. Select all categories that apply to Classroom you. back. Why is my residency status important? UC has different admission requirements for California and non-California residents. back. No. The three years for a student's 9th through 12th grades need not be consecutive or completed at a single California school. For example, if a student attended 9th grade at a California middle or high school, left the state to attend 10th grade in another state, and returned to a second California high school to complete 11th and picasso’s, 12th grades, that student would still meet the requirement of Music Essay three years of high school attendance in California. back. II Of Macedonia? We consider any of the three as the equivalent of graduating: a. A diploma from a California high school; b. A High School Equivalency Certificate, issued by the California State GED Office; or. c. A Certificate of Proficiency, resulting from the California High School Proficiency Examination. back. Select Other and then type in the country name. back.

Permanent residency refers to a person's immigration status: The person is legally authorized to Essay live and work in how did prohibition end the country permanently. If you currently hold a foreign visa, you are not a U.S. permanent resident. back. The recommended choice for all undocumented applicants is No Selection. This includes undocumented students with Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) status. This does not automatically afford you benefits of AB540 or the in the Essay, California Dream Act. More information about eligibility for end, these benefits can be found here . back. The information you provide here will be used to assess your legal residence for purposes of Classroom Essay university fees and nonresident tuition.

The criteria used for this purpose are different from those used in guernica the admissions process. Providing this information is optional. It will be helpful if you answer these questions now; however, your residence classification for tuition purposes will be determined only after you have been admitted and after you submit your Statement of Legal Residence to the campus residence deputy. back. If your parents' state of legal residency is unknown, select 'No.' back. In The? For information about UC's residency requirements for purposes of tuition and fees, please see our website. back. For the purpose of othello techniques determining if an applicant must meet California resident versus non-resident admission requirements, the admission office bases the decision on Classroom, a U.S. Nbd Online? citizen/permanent resident student's length of enrollment at a California high school; for determining if a student must pay resident versus non-resident tuition, the Registrar's office bases the decision on the residency of the Music in the Classroom, parent(s)/legal guardian(s). back. Prohibition? Can I submit different personal insight responses for each campus I apply to? No. You can only submit one application, including one set of personal insight responses to the personal insight questions, and they will be sent to each of your campus choices.

Yes, you can edit your personal insight responses up until you submit your application. Different programs have different methods for counting words. Please edit your personal insight question responses to meet the word limit as set in the application. In The? This Additional Comments area can be used to why was it called explain anything that may be unclear in other parts of Music in the your application. The Additional Comments area in the Academic History portion of the application can be used to explain circumstances that affected your academic record. The purpose of the Additional Comments areas is techniques, NOT to answer an additional personal insight question. In The Classroom Essay? State of Legal Residence/Parent Contact Information. Picasso’s? One of the application steps is shown as incomplete and in the, I can't figure out why. Othello Techniques? Review all pages of the Music Classroom Essay, step to picasso’s be sure your responses are valid and that you have completed all items and corrected all errors.

If you are still having trouble, contact the Help Desk. back. For transfer applicants, you'll need to delete some of the courses you've entered. Music Classroom Essay? Grade point unit is the Philip II of Macedonia Essay, numerical value of a grade multiplied by the number of units for the course. Letter grades are assigned a numeric value as follows: A=4 points, B=3 points, C=2 points and Music in the Classroom Essay, D=1 point, F=0. The grade point unit total is calculated by adding all the grade point units for each course. An A in a course of 3 semester units will earn 12 semester grade points. If your school is on a semester system, the techniques, quarter grade points are derived by multiplying the calculated semester grade point by 1.5 (e.g., 12 semester grade points is equal to Music 18 quarter grade point units). Picasso’s? A B in a course of 5 quarter units will earn 15 quarter grade points. If your school is on a quarter system, the semester grade points are derived by dividing the calculated quarter grade point by 1.5 (15 quarter grade points is equal to 10 semester grade point units). Music In The Classroom Essay? back. Click View Application to othello view and print your entire application. back. You will receive an email shortly after you submit noting that your application was received.

If you're a transfer applicant, you will be asked to log in to your applications and update your academic history. Campuses notify freshman applicants of Music their admissions decisions by March 31, and transfer applicants by April 30. back. If your school participates in the ELC program, a note will appear on your My UC Application, Application Status page indicating whether you are in the top 9 percent of your class. back. UC conducts a pre-admissions verification with a random sample of applicants, who are notified in early January that they must submit verification documents in order to be considered for admission. Applicants may be asked to verify an item from one of the following application sections: Honors and Awards, Extracurricular Activities, Volunteer Work and Community Service, Educational Preparation Programs, Employment, Academic History and the Personal Insight question responses. Nbd Online? Falsification is the Music in the Essay, basis for a denial or revocation of admission to UC. Failure to submit the required documentation by the deadline will result in applications being withdrawn from further consideration at all campuses. back. For information about UC's residency requirements for why was it called the era of good, purposes of Music Classroom Essay tuition and picasso’s guernica, fees, please see our website. back.

For the purpose of determining if an in the Classroom Essay applicant must meet California resident versus non-resident admission requirements, the admission office bases the decision on a U.S. citizen/permanent resident student's length of enrollment at a California high school; for determining if a student must pay resident versus non-resident tuition, the Registrar's office bases the decision on the residency of the parent(s)/legal guardian(s). back. Identify your legal guardian as Parent 1; if you have two guardians, identify the second as Parent 2. back. These questions are optional. In general, if you are over the age of 24, married, have dependents, are financially self-sufficient, or a U.S. military veteran, you do not need to provide parent/guardian information. back. UC determines residency based on information you provide in the Statement of Legal Residence (SLR) - a form all newly admitted students submit to the campus residence deputy in the Office of the Registrar.

You submit this form after committing to a campus by filing your Statement of Philip II of Intent to Register (SIR). back. This section is in the Classroom, optional. By filling out this section, your parent(s)/guardian(s) may receive information about special parent- or family-focused programs and/or events and other information about the University of California. This information will not be shared with parties outside the how did prohibition end, University of California community. back. The purpose of this section is not to grant permission to discuss your application with your parent(s)/guardian(s). The permissions are granted in in the Classroom the Release Authorizations section of the application where you indicate with whom UC may discuss your application. back.

What is the nbd online, application deadline for Essay, this term? We'll help you figure out the correct selection. Apply as a freshman if you are graduating high school next spring and you plan to enroll at UC in the fall. You will get credit for the college work you've done, but we consider you a freshman applicant. Apply as a freshman if you are graduating high school next spring and you plan to enroll at UC in how did end the fall. You will get credit for in the, the college work you've done, but we consider you a freshman applicant. If your coursework is exclusively from a California community college, apply as a junior. UC limits community college unit credit to a maximum of Macedonia 70 semester (105 quarter) units, but grants subject credit for coursework beyond that. Please explain the circumstances in the Additional Comments in the Personal Insight section. Yes.

The application center will automatically forward any updates you make to Classroom Essay your application. If your school participates in the ELC program, a note will appear on direct model, your My UC Application, Application Status page indicating whether you are in the top 9 percent of your class. Copyright Regents of the University of California.

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copier resume nj NJ Local Government Employment Listings Classified Ads. Member municipalities, county and state agencies are invited to submit ads for publication on this site. Recruiting Personnel: Need help with the hiring process? Visit the League's Recruitment and Selection Advisory Service, or the Local Government Job Descriptions listed on the New Jersey Civil Service Commission's website. Click here to in the Classroom, view a library of sample bid specifications provided by the NJMMA. For more information on posting a classified ad contact: Suzanne DeLany, (609) 695-3481 extension 111.

Please email ads in a Word format to: sdelany@njslom.org. A purchase order number is needed to process all ads. This page was upated on how did prohibition, October 6, 2017. FULL TIME MUNICIPAL CLERK €“ CRANFORD TOWNSHIP. The Township of Music in the, Cranford (Union County) is seeking candidates for the position of Municipal Clerk. Essay! Applicants must possess Registered Municipal Clerk (RMC) Certification with a minimum of five years of experience as a Municipal Clerk, and ten years of experience in municipal government.

Responsibilities include performing all statutory duties of the municipal clerk as per Music in the NJSA 40A:9-133, e.g. preparation of governing body agendas, attending all governing body meetings and preparing meeting minutes, administration of local elections, issuing various licenses, and processing OPRA requests. In addition, candidates must be well organized and detail-oriented, and II of Essay, possess supervisory experience, excellent written and verbal communication skills and Music in the Essay, computer proficiency. Macedonia! Qualified applicants should submit a cover letter and resume to to Cathy Scotti €“ Assistant to the Township Administrator at Music Classroom c-scotti@cranfordnj.org. Position is open until filled. Cranford is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

Ad Posted October 6, 2017 Ad Removed November 6, 2017. CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER/TAX COLLECTOR - FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP, Hunterdon County, is seeking an experienced full time or part time Chief Financial Officer/Tax Collector. Great opportunity for growth and why was the era of good, leadership. All inquiries will be kept confidential. Salary depending on experience and qualifications. Certified professionals only. In The Classroom! Please send resume, salary history, and 3 references to: P.M. Consultants, PO Box 677, Allenwood, NJ 08720 or email PMConsultantsLLC@comcast.net. Ad Posted October 6, 2017 Ad Removed November 6, 2017. PLANNING/ZONING BOARD SECRETARY - BRANCHBURG TOWNSHIP. Part Time Temporary (approx.

20-25 hrs. per week). Position is for mid-November to Mid-March. Responsibilities include the scheduling and why was it called of good, administrative duties of the in the Board applications, the weekly preparation of the meeting agendas, correspondence distribution, attend evening Board meetings (1 per week), and the transcribing of meeting minutes. Must have the proper skills to administer multiple projects to meet various deadlines and it called feelings, have proper computer knowledge to perform such tasks. EOE. Submit Resume by October 25, 2017 to: Douglas Ball, P.E., Township of Branchburg,1077 Route 202 North, Branchburg, NJ 08876, Email (MS Word/ PDF): douglas.ball@branchburg.nj.us. Ad Posted October 6, 2017 Ad Removed November 6, 2017. C HIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER ¶ SPRINGFIELD TOWNSHIP in Union County. The incumbent CFO is in the Essay, retiring. The Township is a stable, historic community dating to the American Revolution and the important Battle of Springfield that operates under the nbd online Township Committee form of government. A highly desirable residential community with a steadily growing population and tax base, Springfield has a land area of five square miles, a population of 17,000, and a highly regarded school system.

The municipality has stable finances with an AA+ bond rating. The municipal budget totals $31+ million, plus swimming pool utility, in support of a full range of services to Music in the Essay, the community. This position requires certification from the State of how did prohibition end, NJ as a Certified Municipal Finance Officer (CMFO) and relevant experience in Music Classroom Essay, the management of municipal finances. Experience with municipal utility finances is a plus, but not required. Nbd Online! With a change in financial leadership, the Township will be looking for a CFO who can evaluate all aspects of current financial operations and provide advice on recommended changes, improvements, reorganization, etc.

In addition to the required financial skills, good communications and interpersonal skills are important for this position. Classroom Essay! Compensation is negotiable. The Township has retained Joseph Hartnett of ETI Management, LLC, as its search consultant. Resumes and of good feelings, cover memos will be accepted via email only until November 6, 2017, to in the Essay, etimgt@optimum.net, marked to the attention of J. Hartnett. Ad Posted October 5, 2017 Ad Removed November 5, 2017. FULL TIME MUNICIPAL CLERK REGISTRAR - SHREWSBURY BOROUGH. How Did Prohibition! Interested Applicants must possess a Registered Municipal Clerk Certification (RMC) and Certified Municipal Registrar Certification (CMR). Responsibilities will include, “but are not limited to” all of the statutory duties pursuant to NJSA 40A:9-133 et. Seq., prepare agendas, meeting minutes, attend all meetings of the Governing Body, process OPRA requests, issue licenses and permits, the Music Classroom administration of elections, records management duties, perform specialized administrative assignments and direct model, other assigned duties.

Must have the Music in the Classroom Essay ability to work cooperatively with the othello government officials, department heads, employees, volunteers and Music in the Classroom Essay, the general public. Interested applicants should forward a resume with reference letters, salary history and requirements, and experience to Thomas X. Seaman, Borough Administrator. finance@shrewsburyboro.com by Nov. 4, 2017. Ad Posted October 4, 2017 Ad Removed November 4, 2017. ASSISTANT TOWNSHIP ENGINEER - FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP (Somerset County). This position is responsible for how did prohibition assisting the Township Engineer in performing administrative and advanced professional engineering work in Music in the Essay, planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, completing, and reviewing the work of the nbd online Engineering Department, primarily for the administration of the department’s involvement in the development process including reviewing development proposals and in the, their subsequent construction. Bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering or a related field, registration as a Professional Engineer in the State of New Jersey, minimum of seven (7) years increasingly responsible experience in direct model, the practice of civil engineering, proficiency in AutoCAD and a valid driver’s license required. Surveyor’s license desired. Complete job description and application available at http://www.franklintwpnj.org/Home/Components/JobPosts/Job/183/1129. Application Deadline is November 3, 2017.

EOE. Essay! Ad Posted October 4, 2017 Ad Removed November 4, 2017. PLUMBING SUBCODE OFFICIAL (PT) - PASSAIC CITY. Part-Time, as workload demands. Of Good Feelings! Enforce provisions of the UCC Plumbing Code and City Ordinances. Must possess valid licenses as an HHS Plumbing Sub-Code Official issued by NJDCA and a valid NJ Driver’s License. Prior municipal experience and Classroom, multiple licenses preferred.

Salary commensurate with experience. Please submit your resume and copy of nbd online, current license to Elizabeth Velazquez, Personnel Assistant, via fax: 973-472-0436 or email: evelazquez@cityofpassaicnj.gov by November 1, 2017. CSC Provisions apply; EOE Ad Posted October 4, 2017 Ad Removed November 4, 2017. SENIOR CLERK TYPIST (DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS - EATONTOWN BOROUGH, Monmouth County. Full time position.

This position is available immediately in the Department of Public Works Department. Under the Music Essay direction of the Director, performs highly responsible and varied administrative/clerical work required in the operation of the DPW including but not limited to: preparing and keeping records, answering the telephone and taking messages, and assisting in II of, locating and compiling data for reports. Music In The! This position requires thorough knowledge of picasso’s guernica, all relevant rules, regulations and policies needed in the operation of the DPW. Must have strong computer and communication skills. Proficiency in Microsoft suite. Position is currently open - receiving applications until filled. The Borough reserves the right to interview before application deadline 11/2/17. NO CALLS. In The Classroom! Send application, resume and direct model, cover letter to Lindsay Corcione, HR Manager, Borough of Eatontown, 47 Broad Street, Eatontown, NJ 07724.

Or email it to Music Classroom, employment@eatontownnj.com. Equal Opportunity Employer. Ad Posted October 4, 2017 Ad Removed November 4, 2017. RECREATION ASSISTANT €“ LONG HILL TOWNSHIP, Morris County is techniques, seeking a Part-time Recreation Assistant who, under supervision, assists in Music in the Classroom, the planning, organization, development and promotion of recreation activities. How Did Prohibition End! Assists in the preparation of in the, registration and financial records and completion of reports.

Assists in all other projects as assigned by the Recreation Director. Ideal candidate would have computer proficiency in various programs including Excel and Community Pass, professional demeanor in how did prohibition, handling telephone inquiries and in-person public interaction, excellent organizational skills, and the ability to handle physical demands of the position including movement and Music in the, transport of sports equipment, files, and materials for programs/events. Prior recreation experience preferred. How Did! E-mail resume to Music in the Essay, Township Administrator Nancy Malool at administrator@longhillnj.gov. Ad Posted October 4, 2017 Ad Removed November 4, 2017. CODE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER - PALMYRA BOROUGH . The Borough of picasso’s, Palmyra is accepting applications for a full-time Code Enforcement Officer (CEO). The CEO is responsible for enforcement of property maintenance codes and in the Classroom Essay, related ordinances such as non-compliant conditions on private and public property including unsanitary or potentially dangerous conditions; accumulations of garbage and refuse; and unsightly conditions of property and structures.

The CEO is Philip Macedonia, also responsible for Classroom proper administration of the Borough’s vacant and how did prohibition, abandoned property ordinances. At a minimum the successful applicant will be a licensed NJ Housing Inspector or UCC Building or Fire Inspector. To review the Music Classroom complete job description and specific duties see the Borough’s website at http://boroughofpalmyra.com/employment. Submit applications including salary requirements to Acting Municipal Clerk Doretha Jackson, Borough of Palmyra, 20 W. Broad St., Palmyra, NJ 08065, or via email to djackson@boroughofpalmyra.com by picasso’s guernica, November 3, 2017. Music In The Classroom! The Borough of Palmyra is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Ad Posted October 4, 2017 Ad Removed November 4, 2017. TEMPORARY POSITION - SECRETARY €“ SUMMIT CITY, NJ €“Temporary secretarial position available in the City Clerk’s Office. Heavy public contact, telephone, copying, data entry €“ accuracy attention to othello techniques, detail very important. Previous experience in a municipal clerk’s office preferred.

Good computer skills (MS Word and Access) good customer relations required. Must be able to Music in the Essay, take direction work well w/ others. 25 hours per week @ $15.00/hr. Prohibition! Submit resume to Rosemary Licatese, City Clerk, 512 Springfield Ave., Summit NJ 07901 or email €“ rlicatese@cityofsummit.org. No phone/fax. Deadline €“ 10/15/2017 . Ad Posted October 4, 2017 Ad Removed November 4, 2017. LICENSED REGISTERED NURSE - MAPLEWOOD TOWNSHIP HEALTH DEPARTMENT is looking for a licensed registered nurse with a bachelors in nursing and experience in the public health nursing field. The position is part-time (10-15 hours a week) and would report to the Public Health Nursing Supervisor/ Health Educator and the Health Officer. In The Essay! For more information and to nbd online, set up an Music, interview, please send a cover letter and resume to Robert Roe, Health Officer (973) 762-8120 x4400 or healthofficer@twp.maplewood.nj.us by Friday, October 20th . Techniques! To learn more about the Maplewood Health Department, visit the website: www.twp.maplewood.nj.us Maplewood is an equal opportunity employer. In The! Ad Posted October 4, 2017 Ad Removed November 4, 2017. TECHNICAL ASSISTANT (F/T) - WEST DEPTFORD TOWNSHIP CONTSTRUCTION DEPARTMENT is accepting applications and resumes for the following full-time position: Technical Assistant . This position is under the direction of the Construction Official and has the it called the era subordinate administrative responsibility of the State of New Jersey’s Uniform Construction Code within the Classroom Essay concerned jurisdiction.

The applicant will be responsible for accepting, entering, and filing of construction permit application as well as scheduling and guernica, logging of inspections. In The Classroom Essay! This position involves a great deal of interaction with the customer. Successful applicants must possess a valid license as a Technical Assistant, issued by nbd online, the New Jersey Department of Community Affairs; two years of Music in the Classroom, experience is preferred. Applicant must have a strong knowledge on the usage of inspection software. Must also possess strong people skills and nbd online, be detailed oriented and able to Music, multi-task. Also, the why was it called the era applicant must satisfy employer physical, drug/alcohol screen and criminal background check. Music Classroom Essay! Applicants will be required to possess a driver’s license valid in New Jersey. Why Was The Era Feelings! Applicant must attend safety and training sessions. NJ residency required by State Statute. R.S.52:14-7.Resume and a complete application (Available in Classroom, Payroll Benefits and direct model, Online at in the Classroom Essay www.westdepford.com) can be mailed or hand delivered to direct management, Payroll and Benefits Office Located in the Municipal Building, 400 Crown Point Rd, West Deptford, NJ 08086. Also, can be emailed to ccortez@westdeptford.com or aalvarado@westdeptford.com Friday, October 27th 2017.

EOE Ad Posted October 4, 2017 Ad Removed November 4, 2017. DEPUTY COURT ADMINISTRATOR - COLLINGSWOOD BOROUGH MUNICIPAL COURT is seeking a qualified individual for the position of Full Time Deputy Court Administrator. Candidates must be motivated, detail oriented with good writing and communication skills. Essay! Responsibilities shall include a variety of clerical and support functions, handling payments for fees and recording monies received. Candidates shall be computer literate. How Did Prohibition! Candidate must be available for on call duty. Candidates who are not fully accredited must obtain conditional accreditation within 6 months of the hire date and become fully accredited within 3 years of the hire date set forth in the New Jersey Court Rules.

Send resume and Music in the Essay, interest letter to direct, Keith Hastings, Borough Administrator, The Borough of Collingswood, 678 Haddon Avenue, Collingswood, New Jersey 08108 by October 13, 2017. Ad Posted October 3, 2017 Ad Removed November 3, 2017. INVESTIGATOR - JERSEY CITY. The Law Department of the City of Music Classroom, Jersey City is seeking a qualified Investigator. The ideal candidate will be responsible for conducting investigations assignments of potential labor or employment law violations; involving locating, retrieving, and analyzing evidence or information to direct model, assist the Music in the Classroom Essay Department’s legal staff build a case or uncover activities of an unlawful nature. Why Was! Qualified candidates must possess excellent verbal and Music in the, written communication skills, ability to manage highly sensitive and confidential information, and picasso’s guernica, a minimum (2) two years of experience in conducting various types of field investigations.

All interested applicants can view the complete job description and apply to the job at http://www.cityofjerseycity.com/Employment/. In The! Ad Posted October 3, 2017 Ad Removed November 3, 2017. DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS MECHANIC €“ NEW MILFORD BOROUGH. F/T M-F 40 hours. Performs mechanical work involved in the maintenance, diagnosis, and repair of motor vehicles . MINIMUM QUALIFICATION: High school diploma or equivalent; Possession of techniques, a valid New Jersey CDL Class B; Five years’ experience in the maintenance, repair, of Music in the, motor vehicles and equipment, or equivalent formal training, automotive technology at prohibition end an accredited community college or vocational school. KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, AND ABILITIES: Applicants must have diagnostic skills and the ability to analyze mechanical problems in gasoline and diesel vehicles and equipment and in Music Classroom, small engine repair, organize assigned work, and utilize effective work methods both. Picasso’s Guernica! Applicants should have a basic knowledge of welding and in the Classroom, snowplowing. Philip Macedonia Essay! Pre-employment DOT physical/drug test and background check.

EOE. Resume to vcahill@newmilfordboro.com, by October 27, 2017. Ad Posted October 3, 2017 Ad Removed November 3, 2017. GLOUCESTER COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS MECHANIC - HARRISON TOWNSHIP. The Township is seeking a full time Class A Mechanic to perform maintenance and repairs on its diverse fleet of municipal equipment. The qualified candidate must have the skills to diagnose and repair complex electrical, mechanical and hydraulic systems on all types of equipment including, but not limited to police cars of various makes, pickup trucks, Class 3 to in the Classroom Essay, 8 dump trucks, snow and ice control equipment, trash trucks, street sweepers, heavy equipment, fire apparatus and how did prohibition end, commercial lawn maintenance equipment including small engine repair. Music! Applicants must have a strong background in various types of welding and fabrication and be able to guernica, use state of the Music Essay art diagnostic equipment and end, scanners to repair late model vehicles.

Strong consideration will be given to applicants that possess ASE and Emergency Vehicle Technician certifications and factory training. Snowplow experience a plus. Minimum qualifications include a high school diploma or equivalent, valid New Jersey Class B commercial driver’s license and two year degree from Classroom Essay technical trade school in an applicable field of study. Pre-employment and random drug testing is required. Resumes should be forwarded to the attention of picasso’s guernica, Diane Malloy, Township Clerk via email dmalloy@harrisontwp.us. Ad Posted October 2, 2017 Ad Removed November 2, 2017. PART TIME PUBLIC HEALTH NURSE - EDISON TWP. Accepting applications for a part time Public Health Nurse who will, under direction, teach, counsel, conduct epidemiological investigations, and provide public health nursing services in homes, clinics and in the Classroom, schools to it called of good, individuals and families in Music in the Classroom Essay, the community for end a public health agency Interested candidates should submit their resume and employment application to the Twp. of Edison HR Dept 100 Municipal Blvd.

Edison NJ 08817. Hourly rate $35.00. Music In The Classroom! A full job description and employment application can be found at www.edisonnj.org Ad Posted October 2, 2017 Ad Removed November 2, 2017. PART TIME TRANSPORT DRIVER - EDISON TWP. Accepting applications for part time Transport Driver to drive a motor vehicle with a passenger capacity of at prohibition least six persons for transporting people on assigned established routes or to special activities, events, or various destinations; may also clean, service, and make minor repairs to such vehicles. Music In The Classroom Essay! Valid CDL required. Interested candidates should submit their resume and employment application to the Twp. of techniques, Edison HR Dept 100 Municipal Blvd. Edison NJ 08817. Essay! Hourly rate $15.93.

A full job description and employment application can be found at www.edisonnj.org Ad Posted October 2, 2017 Ad Removed November 2, 2017. FULL TIME PUBLIC SAFETY TELECOMMUNICATOR TRAINEE - EDISON TWP. Accepting applications for a full time Public Safety Telecommunicator Trainee to receive and respond to telephone or other electronic requests for emergency assistance including law enforcement, fire, medical, or other emergency services and/or dispatches appropriate units to picasso’s guernica, response sites. Interested candidates should submit their resume and employment application to the Twp. of Edison HR Dept 100 Municipal Blvd. Edison NJ 08817. Annual salary $36k increasing to $39k upon successful completion of training. A full job description and employment application can be found at in the Essay www.edisonnj.org Ad Posted October 2, 2017 Ad Removed November 2, 2017. POLICE OFFICER - EDISON TOWNSHIP Police Department located in Middlesex County is now accepting resumes/applications for the position of nbd online, Police Officer.

2017 Salary $50,000.00 Applicants must be fully trained police officers in good standing for a period of at in the least one year with another jurisdiction and possess a Class ‘A’ basic police officer certification from the New Jersey Police Training Commission. Applicants that are not currently employed as police officers but have recently graduated a N.J. Police Academy and obtained a Police Training Commission (P.T.C.) certification that is currently valid can also apply. Nbd Online! The Edison Police Department will also be accepting N.J. SLEO II waiver applicants, we are not accepting out of state waiver applicants. A full job description and printable employment application can be found at in the Classroom Essay www.edisonnj.org. Nbd Online! A completed employment application must be submitted with your resume. The Edison Police Department is located at 100 Municipal Boulevard, Edison, N.J.

08817. Classroom Essay! Candidates should forward their resumes and a completed job application to othello techniques, PTC Hiring, Human Resources Department c/o June Brescher 100 Municipal Boulevard, Edison, N.J. 08817 by Saturday, October 28, 2017. Classroom! Any applications and or resumes submitted prior to this posting will not be considered, Applicants Must Re-apply. Edison is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

An application fee of $100.00 (Non-Refundable) is due upon submission. Please make checks payable to the Township of Edison, in it called, the note section of the check specify Police Applicant. In The! Ad Posted October 2, 2017 Ad Removed November 2, 2017. BUILDING INSPECTOR WITH HHS LICENSE €“ LAKEWOOD TOWNSHIP. Full time. Under direction, Building Inspector inspects new and existing buildings and Philip Macedonia Essay, structures to ensure compliance with the in the Classroom State Uniform Construction Code and enforces same to ensure public safety, health, and welfare; does related work as required.

Applicant must be highly motivated, detail orientated and must possess excellent written and oral communication. He/she must have strong interpersonal skills and it called of good feelings, be very comfortable with the public in a busy office atmosphere. For additional information, visit http://www.lakewoodnj.gov/department/hr . Please email cover letter and resume with “ Building Inspector-FT ” in the subject line no later than Friday, October 13, 2017 to the attention of: Patricia Komsa, Director of in the Classroom, Human Resources pkomsa@lakewoodnj.gov Ad Posted October 2, 2017 Ad Removed November 2, 2017. FT WATER OPERATOR €“ ESSEX FELLS BOROUGH. Full-time with benefits. Subject to criminal background check and drug testing. Picasso’s Guernica! High School Graduate, v alid NJ Driver’s License and CDL a must. Entry Level Position seeking hard-working, motivated applicants. Duties include those normally associated with the operation and maintenance of water treatment facilities, water mains, sanitary sewerage pumping stations, including but not limited to performing chemical analysis and adjustments as required, monitoring the system and tanks. Music In The Classroom! Must be willing and able to work changing shift schedule as well as overtime when needed. Seasonal duties, including but not limited to model management, leaf pick up, plowing, salting and mowing Please forward your resume to Francine T. Paserchia, Borough Administrator, 255 Roseland Avenue, Essex Fells, NJ 07021 or Administrator@essexfellsboro.com - Deadline 10/27/17 - Equal Opportunity Employer Ad Posted October 2, 2017 Ad Removed November 2, 2017 . ELECTRICAL INSPECTOR - ASBURY PARK CITY.

The City is looking for an experienced full time Electrical Inspector. As a Civil Service town position of a valid HHS or ICS license is required. A valid Drivers License is also required. Music Essay! Send resumes and salary requirements to: marykay.callahan@cityofasburypark.com or mail to Mary Kay Callahan, 1 Municipal Plaza, Asbury Park, NJ 07712. Ad Posted October 2, 2017 Ad Removed November 2, 2017 . ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT €“ LONG HILL TOWNSHIP, Morris County is seeking a Part-time Administrative Assistant who is motivated, well-organized and professional. This position provides administrative support for the Township Administrator and other municipal departments. Ideal candidate would have computer proficiency, the picasso’s guernica ability to multi-task, excellent written and verbal skills and the ability to work cooperatively with employees and Music Essay, the general public. Macedonia Essay! Prior municipal experience preferred.

Salary DOQ. Music In The Classroom! E-mail resume to Township Administrator Nancy Malool at administrator@longhillnj.gov. Ad Posted September 29, 2017 Ad Removed October 29, 2017 . TECHNICAL ASSISTANT TO THE CONSTRUCTION OFFICIAL - LONG HILL TOWNSHIP, Morris County is seeking a full-time NJ DCA Certified Technical Assistant, with at least three years’ experience, to process construction permits to ensure compliance with NJ Uniform Construction Code, handle department OPRA requests, schedule inspections, collect permit fees, data entry and records maintenance, and coordinate with municipal, county and state offices. Knowledge of pertinent NJ UCC provisions. Strong computer skills and knowledge of SDL software, MS Word and Excel. Philip Essay! Frequent public interaction. Requires excellent customer service, communication and organizational skills. Music In The Essay! Salary DOQ; send resume and references to: Nancy Malool, Township Administrator, via e-mail €“ administrator@longhillnj.gov. Ad Posted September 29, 2017 Ad Removed October 29, 2017 . SUPERVISOR OF BILLING AND COLLECTING €“ NEW BRUNSWICK CITY is seeking an individual with strong customer service skills and why was of good, utility metering skills to Essay, work as Supervisor of picasso’s guernica, Billing and Collecting in their Water Utility Department. The individual in this role, under the Music in the direction of the Water Utility Director, will be responsible for the timely and accurate billing of all water and sewer accounts. This role is perfect for a dynamic, customer service oriented individual who has the ability to prohibition end, focus on details and also multi-task.

If you’re an experienced billing/collections professional with customer service experience, this position could be perfect for Music in the Essay you! ABOUT US: The City of Macedonia Essay, New Brunswick Water Utility is focused on Music in the Essay, providing high-quality, affordable water service to how did, our customers. We operate in a cost-effective and efficient manner that results in affordable rates for public services such as the water service NBWU provides. NBWU works directly with ratepayers (water and sewer customers) to meet their needs and to Classroom, develop partnerships and cooperative programs with neighboring municipal water and sewer systems. NBWU's water rates are among the lowest in the Middlesex County, and end, our local approach allows us to act quickly and to provide enhanced services where and when needed. NBWU is an exciting and busy place to work, and our employees are the key to ensuring that our public services are valuable, affordable and of the Music in the Essay high quality our customers expect. As an NBWU employee in the Meter/Billing/Customer Care Division of the NBWU you would be eligible for competitive pay and benefits including: Paid health, dental and guernica, vision coverage €“ covers employee and eligible dependents with an employee contribution. Generous paid vacation, sick leave, personal days, and Music in the, holidays. Nbd Online! Eligibility for Music Classroom Essay the New Jersey Public Employees Retirement System. EXAMPLES OF WORK: Performs highly responsible tasks involved in compiling, computing and recording metered water and sewer fees and feelings, payments.

Supervises meter reading/installations personnel. Music In The Classroom Essay! Monitors consumer account details for non-payment, delayed payments and other irregularities. Receives, investigates and resolves customer complaints. Authorizes billing adjustments. Authorizes the printing and distribution of bills. Schedules meter reader’s routes and work. Prepares monthly reports. Supervises the establishment and maintenance of direct model management, billing and collections files.

Job Requirements QUALIFICATIONS: High School Diploma or GED or equivalent combination of related education and experience. Prior high volume billing/collections experience is not required but highly recommended. Prior utility billing experience is preferred. Ability to speak Spanish is a plus, but not required. Knowledge of standard office practices and procedures, numerical clerical work and in the Essay, standard business English and arithmetic. Ability to perform multiple tasks. Ability to techniques, communicate with and service customers in a positive and friendly manner. Proficiency in MS Office (Word, Excel, and Outlook) required.

EXPERIENCE: Five (5) years of experience in clerical accounting and maintaining accounts of in the Classroom, financial transactions: one (1) year of which shall have been in supervisory capacity. Qualified candidates should submit, via email or regular mail, their Cover Letter and Resume to: City Hall, 78 Bayard Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901. Attn. Water Utility Director. mlavenberg@cityofnewbrunswick.org Ad Posted September 29, 2017 Ad Removed October 29, 2017 . FULL-TIME OFFICE MANAGER - CARNEYS POINT TOWNSHIP SEWERAGE AUTHORITY. FT. Responsibilities: (1) manage all financial operations of the administrative office, including Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, General Ledger, Budget, and Payroll, (2) manage escrow accounts, notes and it called the era of good, bonds, etc., (3) record and produce minutes of the Essay Authority’s meetings, (4) communicate with various professionals who work for the Authority and also with local, state and regional agencies, (5) prepare various reports, (6) receive and post payments at window from the public. Must have at least three years’ experience in Philip II of, office administration; Accounting, Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable. Proficiency using MS Office is mandatory and experience with Edmunds is Music in the, a plus. Excellent communication skills. Associate Degree in appropriate field required. Picasso’s! EOE.

Submit resume with salary requirements by October 13th to: Carneys Point Sewerage Authority, 303 Harding Highway, Carneys Point, NJ 08069 Or Email: cptsa@verizon.net Ad Posted September 29, 2017 Ad Removed October 29, 2017 . FIELD MAINTENANCE SUPERVISOR - FLORHAM PARK BOROUGH is in the, actively seeking a Maintenance Supervisor for recreation and sports fields and facilities. The successful candidate must meet the following criteria; Educational Requirements: Associates Degree in a related field of study or equivalent experience. Professional Fertilizer Application Certification. Knowledge, Skills and Abilities: Demonstrates skill and guernica, ability organizing and scheduling multiple tasks and experience managing others. Must have Sports Field Maintenance experience for both natural and synthetic turf.

Must be highly organized and have exceptional follow up abilities. Must be able to train, nurture and develop other employees. Must be able to work independently and have exceptional problem solving skills. Must be able to in the Essay, operate at a high level of responsibility and accountability. Must have an nbd online, educational background in turf grass maintenance. In The! Must have excellent written and oral communication skills, in English . Responsibilities: To support the Borough’s vision, policies, procedures, safety / training programs, perform accordingly, and pass along to other employees. To perform proper maintenance practices and management, train fellow employees in same. To communicate effectively with administration to ensure their expectations are met.

To inform supervisors of in the Classroom Essay, problems and changes concerning their properties in how did, a pro-active, timely manner via phone, office meetings, weekly reports, etc. Music! To see that requests are responded to in a timely manner. To evaluate the othello techniques performance of crew members regularly. To ensure that all equipment is maintained and operated in Music in the Essay, a safe manner To work as a field manager and to identify enhancement opportunities. To assist Borough management in scheduling of required maintenance. To provide alternative and creative solutions to problems. Develop and maintain schedules for enhancement of all jobs, coordinate manpower, equipment and techniques, materials in advance. Monitor total hours worked by Music in the Classroom, crew and services performed to ensure quality for each job completed. Monitor cost reports regularly and report back to supervisor to increase productivity and job efficiency. Direct Model! Provide accurate and timely paperwork flow from field to office. Provide long and Music Classroom, short term planning for maximum efficiency and goal forecasting.

Creating simple designs / sketches and how did, estimating cost, plant list etc. No phone calls please Please send all resumes to: William Huyler, Borough Administrator , 111 Ridgedale Ave , Florham Park, NJ 07932 or email to: whuyler@fpboro.net. Ad Posted September 28, 2017 Ad Removed October 28, 2017 . BOROUGH ADMINISTRATOR €“ METUCHEN BOROUGH, Middlesex County NJ. Population 13,871 and annual municipal budget $19.6M. Metuchen is seeking a professional administrator with strong leadership and communication skills to direct the day-to-day operations of the Borough. Responsibilities include capital planning, budget preparation management, labor human resource management, coordination of business activities of all municipal departments, and community relations. Attendance is required at Borough Council meetings. Candidate must have strong organizational and managerial skills, knowledge of Essay, local government finance requirements and rules, ability to collaborate and communicate with departments, Mayor and Council members, and proven success in securing funding from grants.

Qualified candidates must have BA/BS, with at least five years of municipal management or equivalent experience, preferably in Philip II of Macedonia Essay, a supervisory role. Please send cover letter, resume, and salary requirements to Mayor Peter Cammarano, 500 Main St. Metuchen, NJ 08840. The Borough of Metuchen is an equal opportunity employer. Ad Posted September 28, 2017 Ad Removed October 28, 2017. DIAL-A-RIDE BUS DRIVER - NETCONG BOROUGH is seeking a Dial-A-Ride bus driver. Music In The! The driver is responsible for safe transport of community/senior clients to/from community centers, shopping, personal services, and othello, recreational activities. Driver also assists riders with scheduling appointments and delivering meals to housebound residents. The successful applicant must have excellent interpersonal skills and ability to work with seniors and adults with special needs and possess the ability to report bus safety and operational concerns. Additionally, the in the Essay driver will be called to lift/push/pull items of 50 pounds or less and may be required to push up to 100 pounds. A clean driver record and experience with driving a mini-bus or passenger transportation vehicles is desired.

Applicants will be subject to criminal background check. Position is nbd online, part time. Ad Posted September 27, 2017 Ad Removed October 27, 2017. FT POLICE ADMINISTRATIVE SECRETARY €“ LUMBERTON TOWNSHIP, Burlington County. The Township of Lumberton is seeking a full-time qualified individual to serve as an Administrative Secretary in the Police Department. This position will provide administrative support for Essay department operations and functions at the direction of the Chief of Police/administration and/or Office Administrator. The Administrative Secretary performs clerical duties that may involve sensitive or confidential information involving the why was it called the era of good feelings police department, police officers, arrestees, victims, or matters of concern to the general public. Job content is specialized and complex at Music Classroom times. MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: A high school diploma and a minimum of one (1) year administrative assistant experience supporting senior management, preferably in a municipal setting, Must demonstrate expertise in use of II of Macedonia, computer hardware and software applications including: Microsoft Office Outlook, Word, Excel and in the Classroom Essay, Access, Proficiency in use of copier, fax machine, multi-line telephone system, organization and why was it called of good, maintenance of paper files. Qualified candidates should submit their letter of interest and resume to Essay, Chief Tony DiLoreto (adiloreto@lumbertontwp.com ) and Lumberton Township Business Administrator Brandon Umba (bumba@lumbertontwp.com ) by Friday, October 13, 2017 at 4:00PM. The Township reserves the Macedonia right to Music, interview and hire prior to the resume deadline.

Ad Posted September 27, 2017 Ad Removed October 27, 2017. POLICE 911 DISPATCHER €“ HOWELL TOWNSHIP is seeking a full time Police 911 Dispatcher. Why Was The Era Feelings! Minimum 1 year FT Police 911 Dispatching experience with current 9-1-1 EMD certification required. Applicants must be able to Music in the Classroom, work shift work, holidays and weekends. Salary is $56,290. Resumes should be submitted to Jill Tripodi, Human Resources Administrator at jtripodi@twp.howell.nj.us by October 27, 2017. Please provide copies of current certifications with resume. Township reserves the othello techniques right to pull ad before the end of in the, posting date. EOE Ad Posted September 27, 2017 Ad Removed October 11, 2017. FULL-TIME PLUMBING SUB-CODE OFFICIAL €“ MOUNT LAUREL TOWNSHIP.

Applicant must possess valid licenses as an HHS Plumbing Sub-Code Official issued by NJDCA. Hours are Monday €“ Friday 8am to 4pm. Direct Model! Applicant must be computer literate; experience in Mitchell Humphrey’s preferred. Classroom! Must have good customer service skills. Salary is $65,000 compensation provided for additional disciplines. Please submit your resume, copies of current license to mtomczyk@mountlaurel.com no later than October 15, 2017. Nbd Online! Ad Posted September 26, 2017 Ad Removed October 26, 2017. FULL-TIME PAYROLL CLERK - WEST CALDWELL TOWNSHIP is currently seeking a full-time Payroll Clerk . Qualified candidates must possess excellent verbal and written communication skills, be highly organized, have proven experience in multi-tasking, as well as the ability to work independently. Music In The Classroom Essay! Individuals with municipal government experience are preferred. Experience with PrimePoint Payroll software is a plus. Salary will be commensurate with experience but within the range of $32,000 to $38,000.

Additional information is othello techniques, available on the Township’s website www.westcaldwell.com under Employment Opportunities. Cover letters, resumes and salary requirements may be submitted to Music in the Classroom, Nikole Monroig, Township Administrator, at guernica nmonroig@westcaldwell.com or to 30 Clinton Road, West Caldwell, NJ 07006. Township of West Caldwell is an Music in the Classroom Essay, Equal Opportunity Employer. End! Ad Posted September 26, 2017 Ad Removed October 26, 2017. ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT II FT - MEDFORD TOWNSHIP (35 hr/week) entry level position in the Construction Office. Must possess excellent communication skills, be proficient in Microsoft Word, Excel have the Music in the Classroom Essay ability to lean the Township’s construction permitting software. A Technical Assistant Certification issued by the NJDCA, and/or prior permitting experience is desirable but not essential. Please send resume or obtain application; 17 N. Direct Model! Main St., Medford, NJ 08055, Attn: Personnel no later than 10/10/17. EOE Ad Posted September 26, 2017 Ad Removed October 26, 2017. BUILDING INSPECTOR H.H.S. F/T - WARREN TOWNSHIP CONSTRUCTION OFFICE seeking Building Inspector with NJ DCA; HHS license required.

Must be able to Music Classroom Essay, perform field inspections and have a good knowledge of both residential and commercial construction. NJ Drivers License required. Nbd Online! Salary range: $63,000-$66,000; 35 hour work week. Classroom! Apply in person to Lori Sullivan, Human Resources Manager at Warren Town Hall, 46 Mountain Blvd., Warren, NJ or email resume to: lsullivan@warrennj.org. E.O.E. How Did Prohibition! Deadline to apply is October 13, 2017. Ad Posted September 26, 2017 Ad Removed October 26, 2017. F/T PROPERTY MAINTENANCE/HOUSING INSPECTOR - ENGLEWOOD CITY . Computer experience, excellent organizational and customer service skills required. Duties include conducting field inspections, initiating enforcement actions against violators, collecting evidence and testifying in court. Will also be responsible for Certificates of Rental, Property Maintenance and various other tasks as assigned. In The Essay! Must be willing to be on standby for emergencies.

Valid driver’s license required. Please forward cover letter and resume to dtrumpet@cityofenglewood.org. Ad Posted September 26, 2017 Ad Removed October 26, 2017. MUNICIPAL CLERK €“ ALPHA BOROUGH is seeking a part-time/full-time (20 to 35 hours per week) Registered Municipal Clerk (RMC). Municipal experience is a plus, as is knowledge of the Edmunds system and/or the operations of othello, a Municipal Clerk’s office. If not certified, Applicant must be interested in taking courses to become a Registered Municipal Clerk. Music In The Classroom Essay! Responsibilities will include, but are not limited to: preparation of meeting agendas, ordinances, resolutions, meeting minutes, as well as processing various licenses, records management duties, and assisting with elections. The applicant must be available to othello, attend evening Council meetings, and should be highly motivated and have exceptional organizational skills. Applicant must possess solid interpersonal and communication skills, and be able to interact effectively with the public, Borough officials, and employees alike. Music Essay! Salary is commensurate with experience. Applicant need not reside in the Borough.

Applicants should e-mail their letter of interest, resume with reference letters, and copies of their New Jersey Certifications to the Director of Administration, Alan Singleton at ASingleton@alphaboronj.org by October 20, 2017. EOE Ad Posted September 26, 2017 Ad Removed October 26, 2017. TAX ASSESSOR - SOUTH BRUNSWICK TWP (Middlesex County).South Brunswick is seeking a full time qualified individual to serve as its certified Tax Assessor. Techniques! The individual shall be responsible for the full-range of responsibilities associated with serving as a Municipal Tax Assessor, including but not limited to the requisite field work, preparing and maintaining property record cards, ensuring tax maps are accurate and up-to-date, preparing annual assessment rolls, preparing for and assisting in the defense of tax appeals at both County Board of Taxation and in the Classroom, State Tax Court. Experience with Vital Communications, MOD IV, and CAMA software a plus. The ideal candidate must possess a Certified Tax Assessor License from the State of New Jersey, a high school diploma (college degree preferred) and an in depth knowledge of New Jersey’s local tax assessment laws. The candidate must also have strong organizational, research, as well as solid oral and written communication skills . Must possess a valid NJ driver’s license. Applicant must be computer literate and direct management, work well with the Music Classroom Essay public. Salary commensurate with qualifications and responsibilities.

Full-time position 8:30 am-4:30 pm Monday through Friday. Qualified candidates should submit your application to Township of South Brunswick at www.sbtnj.net. Call the Chief Financial Officer at 732-329-4000 ext 7322 with any questions pertaining to this position. Ad Posted September 25, 2017 Ad Removed October 25, 2017. FULL TIME MUNICIPAL CLERK - LEONIA BOROUGH. I nterested applicants must possess Registered Municipal Clerk Certification (RMC) and picasso’s guernica, have at least two years’ experience in a New Jersey municipal clerk’s office as either as a Municipal Clerk or Deputy Municipal Clerk.

Applicant must possess solid management and supervisory experience as well as excellent written and verbal communication skills. Music In The Essay! Must have the ability to work cooperatively with the government officials, department heads, employees, volunteers and the general public; computer proficiency, including Microsoft Office Suite. End! In addition to performing all of the statutory duties pursuant to NJSA 40A:9-133 et. Seq., the Clerk is responsible for Music the following duties; Coordinate and manage Council meetings, attend and record minutes of meetings, record management, administration of nbd online, local elections, issuing a variety of local licenses and permits. In The! Interested applicants should email a cover letter and resume to Acting Borough Administrator Thomas Rowe. Trowe@leonianj.gov.

Ad Posted September 25, 2017 Ad Removed October 25, 2017. TREASURER PART-TIME - LEONIA BOROUGH (Bergen County) is seeking an experienced professional to fill the the era feelings position of Part-time Treasurer under the general direction of the Chief Financial Officer (CFO). The Treasurer will be responsible for the following duties: Create purchase orders from electronic records or enter and Music in the Classroom, process purchase orders from paper records. Wire debt service and it called of good feelings, create other wire payments as required. Post data to the budget.

Check bank website for online activity. Perform bank reconciliations for accounts where no internal control conflicts exist. Enter/process payroll through the payroll. Prove payroll Post labor cost distribution to the budget along with employer taxes and expenses. Wire money as needed. Produce monthly financial reports for all funds. Classroom Essay! Produce various reports as instructed by it called, the CFO. Perform proof of Essay, various controls as directed by the CFO. Ensure that a bill list be available for all bill paying meetings. Applicants will be required to undergo a comprehensive criminal and financial background check which includes fingerprinting. Please email resume and cover letter by model management, October 20, 2017 to Acting Borough Administrator Thomas Rowe.

Trowe@leonianj.gov. Ad Posted September 25, 2017 Ad Removed October 25, 2017. PERSONNEL DIRECTOR - WARREN COUNTY. Under direction of the Appointing Authority, is responsible for Music in the Classroom the overall Human Resources function of Warren County (550 employees). Maintains liaison between the NJ Civil Service Commission and other public entities in all HR functions including, but not limited to personnel administration; managing the nbd online operation of a personnel work unit and in the Classroom, directs personnel functions such as, employee and picasso’s guernica, labor relations, coordination of performance management systems, Personnel Policy development, union contract administration, classification and compensation, Worker’s Comp and pension administration and related employment activities in Music in the Essay, accordance with applicable Local, State and Federal rules, regulations, policies and procedures. It Called The Era! Position Requirements: Minimum of Music in the, a Bachelor’s Degree (Master’s Degree a plus) in related field preferably with a concentration in Human Resources Services (include copy of diploma or transcript) from accredited institution. SHRM certification a plus. Demonstrated general experience/working knowledge of Civil Service regulation and application in public sector NJ or other State Civil Service System and hiring, promotion, discipline, benefits coordination, etc.

5 years demonstrated supervisory experience in the delivery of picasso’s guernica, Human Resource services. New Jersey residency required. Responses must be received no later than October 25, 2017. Music! Warren County Personnel Department ATTN: Terri Wright, Wayne Dumont Administration Building, 165 County Route 519 South, Belvidere, NJ 07823 E-mail: twright@co.warren.nj.us Ad Posted September 25, 2017 Ad Removed October 25, 2017. SUPERVISOR €“ HOWELL TOWNSHIP, Monmouth County is accepting resumes for the position of a full-time Supervisor in it called the era of good, the Department of Public Works effective immediately. Must have 5 years experience supervising Public Works, construction and maintenance or equivalent combination of Music in the Classroom, experience and training. Picasso’s Guernica! CPWM preferred. Applicants must possess strong leadership qualities, excellent time management skills and considerable knowledge of general Public Works practices. CDL Class A with Tanker Endorsement is required. Background check including criminal history will be performed.

Interested candidates should email a cover letter, resume and references to Classroom, Jill Tripodi, Human Resources Administrator, jtripodi@twp.howell.nj.us. The Township reserves the right to pull this posting at any time. EOE Ad Posted September 25, 2017 Ad Removed October 25, 2017. FIRE PROTECTION SUBCODE OFFICIAL PART-TIME - CLIFTON CITY is seeking qualified applicants for end the position of part-time Fire Protection Sub-code Official. Selected individual will required to have a minimum of Five (5) years’ experience in a) the Music in the inspection of II of Macedonia, buildings to detect fire hazards and to enforce fire safety codes and regulations, b) the in the Classroom investigation of fires to determine their cause, c) in the inspection of the construction of Philip Essay, buildings and the review of Music Essay, building construction plans and specifications to ensure compliance with fire protection codes and regulations, and d) in the installation of fire protection equipment.

Applicants must have a current license as a Fire Protection Sub-code Official and Inspector with a HHS issued by the NJ DCA. Why Was It Called Of Good! Applicants must also possess a valid NJ driver’s license. Music Classroom Essay! Excellent customer service skills are a must. See full title at: http://info.csc.state.nj.us/jobspec/06966.htm. Interested individuals should submit their resume to Doug Johnson, Personnel Officer, City of Clifton, 900 Clifton Avenue, Clifton, NJ 07013, or by email djohnson@cliftonnj.org , or fax to 973-470-5260 no later than October 15, 2017. Philip II Of Macedonia Essay! The City of Clifton is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

Ad Posted September 25, 2017 Ad Removed October 25, 2017. TOWNSHIP ADMINISTRATOR €“ PITTSGROVE TOWNSHIP, Salem County (pop. 8,952) is Music in the, accepting applications for it called the era of good a full-time Township Administrator. Classroom! The Township is seeking a qualified leader with strong management, communication and collaboration skills for it called feelings the position. The ideal applicant should be a team builder with solid interpersonal skills and high integrity who will lead by example. The Township Administrator will manage the Music in the Classroom Essay day-to-day supervision and coordination of all departments; oversee preparation of annual budget by CFO and administer budget controls; advise on policy, directs human resource matters; collective bargaining; represent the Township in othello, relationships with other government entities; make recommendations for future plans and programs.

Attendance is required at meetings of the Township Committee. Position requires prior municipal management experience, preferably in NJ. QPA certification a plus. Salary is commensurate with experience and in the Essay, qualifications; competitive benefit package. Interested applicants should submit a resume, salary history and three (3) professional references to Stefany Figueroa, Administrative Assistant, 989 Centerton Road, Pittsgrove, NJ 08318 or sfigueroa@pittsgrovetownship.com by October 11, 2017. The Township of Pittsgrove is an the era, equal opportunity employer. Music In The Essay! Ad Posted September 21, 2017 Ad Removed October 21, 2017. DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS-ASSISTANT MECHANIC - MORRIS TOWNSHIP. Under general supervision, performs varied mechanical work involved in the maintenance, diagnosis, and repair of motor vehicles, motorized equipment, and hydraulic systems . MINIMUM QUALIFICATION: High school diploma or equivalent; Possession of a valid New Jersey Commercial Driver's License (minimum Class B) or Permit; Five years’ experience in the maintenance, repair, and use of varies types of motor vehicles and motorized equipment, or equivalent formal training, automotive technology at an accredited community college or vocational school.

KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, AND ABILITIES: Applicants must have strong diagnostic skills and the ability to why was it called the era of good feelings, analyze mechanical problems in Music Essay, gasoline and diesels mechanized vehicles and equipment and in small engine repair, with the skill to navigate the model internet, organize assigned work, and utilize effective work methods both at the shop and in in the Essay, the field. Applicants should have a basic knowledge of welding and snowplowing. It is Township policy for a DOT pre-employment physical with background check and random drug testing. Anyone who possess the necessary qualifications and skills and is interested in the position, email your resume to direct management, resume@morristwp.com or email our application found here, http://www.morristwp.com/566/Employment-Applications to resume@morristwp.com. Ad Posted September 20, 2017 Ad Removed October 20, 2017. WATER/SEWER WORKER - HAMILTON TOWNSHIP (MUA). FT union position. Electrical, instrumentation, plumbing or pipe experience a plus. Music! Visit www.htmua.com for picasso’s guernica application. Mail/drop off to: HTMUA - FT Water/Sewer Position, 6024 Ken Scull Avenue, Mays Landing, NJ 08330 by October 31st.

No phone calls. EOE, Committed To A Drug Free Workplace . Classroom Essay! Ad Posted September 20, 2017 Ad Removed October 20, 2017. ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES COORDINATOR €“ MONTCLAIR TOWNSHIP. Summary: The Township of Montclair Finance Department is seeking an model, Administrative Services Coordinator to perform various complex administrative duties. Music! Work is model, performed under general direction from the Chief Financial Officer, who reviews performance for conformance to Music in the Classroom, departmental policies and procedures. Duties: See Montclair Township website (www.montclairnjusa.org ) for complete job description and job requirements. Salary: DOQ, plus full benefits. Apply: Send cover letter and resume to: Ms. Braedon Gregory, HRIS Coordinator, Township of Montclair, 205 Claremont Ave., Montclair, NJ 07042 or email: bgregory@montclairnjusa.org. Closing Date: October 13, 2017 Ad Posted September 20, 2017 Ad Removed October 20, 2017.

PRINCIPAL CLERK €“ MONTCLAIR TOWNSHIP. Nbd Online! Description: The Township of Music in the Classroom, Montclair Uniform Construction Division of the Department of Community Services is seeking a self-motivated Principal Clerk to perform clerical duties such as file maintenance and correspondence along with providing excellent customer service in a busy and how did end, fast-paced environment; performs related duties as required. Work is performed under general direction from the Construction Official or his/her designee, who reviews performance for Classroom Essay adherence to departmental policies and procedures. Duties: See Montclair Township website (www.montclairnjusa.org ) for picasso’s guernica complete job description and Classroom Essay, job requirements. Salary: DOQ, plus full benefits. Apply: Send cover letter and resume to: Ms. Braedon Gregory, HRIS Coordinator, Township of Montclair, 205 Claremont Ave., Montclair, NJ 07042 or email: bgregory@montclairnjusa.org.

Closing Date: Friday, October 13, 2017 Ad Posted September 20, 2017 Ad Removed October 20, 2017. TAX COLLECTOR/FINANCE OFFICE ASSISTANT €“ PITMAN BOROUGH, Gloucester County is seeking a full time Certified Tax Collector/Finance Office Assistant, with NJ State Certification issued by DCA. Approximately 3200 line items. The Era Of Good! Must be proficient in Edmunds MCSJ. Performing the work involved in billing/collecting of both property taxes and water and sewer payments, serves as Tax Search Officer, and all duties associated with the Municipal Finance Office. Thorough knowledge of municipal tax collection statutory laws and practices. Must possess strong interpersonal skills necessary for daily contact with the public.

Must by proficient in Word, Excel, and Outlook. Other duties include tax sales, lien redemptions, quarterly delinquent notices, tax appeals, replying to OPRA requests, and Music in the Classroom, knowledge of Payment in Lieu of Philip II of, Taxes. The successful candidate must have five years’ experience as a Certified Tax Collector. All candidates should be available to work 40 hours per week. Music In The Essay! Salary commensurate with experience. Philip Macedonia Essay! Please send resume and cover letter to Judy O’Donnell, Borough Clerk/Administrator, 110 S. Broadway, Pitman, NJ 08071, or by email to judy@pitman.org Must be received by October 6, 2017.

Ad Posted September 19, 2017 Ad Removed October 19, 2017. ACCOUNTS PAYABLE/TAX ASSESSING CLERK - MENDHAM TOWNSHIP FT permanent 35 hours per Music week; 20 hours dedicated to accounts payable and 15 hours dedicated to tax assessing department. Accounts Payable duties include but are not limited to inputting requisitions, processing purchase orders, printing checks, handling vendor inquiries. Tax Assessing Clerk duties include but are not limited to answering all public inquiries, processing sales records and construction permit data, farmland applications and managing all state and county appeal filings. Municipal experience and knowledge of Edmunds Financial System preferred not required. Must be able to why was it called the era feelings, manage and prioritize multiple projects at once. Must be proficient in Microsoft Excel and Word. Will interact with the public regularly so strong communication skills are required. Salary DOQ. E-mail resume to Classroom Essay, dbonanno@mendhamtownship.org. The Township is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

Ad Posted September 19, 2017 Ad Removed October 19, 2017. ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT €“ MENDHAM TOWNSHIP is seeking a PT Administrative Assistant who is motivated, well-organized and model management, professional. Music! This position provides administrative support for the Township Administrator and how did prohibition end, other municipal departments. Music! Ideal candidate would have computer proficiency, the ability to multi-task, excellent written and it called the era feelings, verbal skills and the ability to work cooperatively with government officials, employees and the general public. Salary DOQ.

E-mail resume to dbonanno@mendhamtownship.org. The Township is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Ad Posted September 19, 2017 Ad Removed October 19, 2017. COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CASE INVESTIGATOR (MCRHC/MPHC) - MONMOUTH COUNTY REGIONAL HEALTH COMMISSION. Closing Date: October 19, 2017. The Monmouth County Regional Health Commission No. 1/Monmouth Public Health Consortium will have an in the Classroom Essay, opening for II of Macedonia Essay a Communicable Disease Case Investigator.

The successful candidate will be responsible for conducting communicable disease investigations, tracking, reporting and in the, maintaining records of communicable diseases occurring in 24 towns covered by four local health departments in accordance with the provisions of the New Jersey Sanitary Code. Subject to nbd online, background check, applicant must possess excellent written and oral communication skills and will be required to in the Classroom Essay, learn and utilize various types of nbd online, electronic and/or manual recording and information systems including, but not limited to computer, facsimile, email and in the, MS Office. Othello Techniques! An understanding of medical terminology, working knowledge of the NJ Communicable Disease Reporting and Surveillance System (CDRSS), background experience in communicable disease, laboratory science and/or infection control desired. Ability to interact with patients in a caring and professional manner is a must. High school diploma required. Associate’s degree or higher with NJ Registered Nurse License is in the, preferred.

Bilingual Spanish/English helpful. Salary: $32,000 - $50,000 commensurate with experience. Start date is December 1, 2017. Qualified applicants are encouraged to prohibition end, apply by sending their resume to: David Henry, Health Officer , Monmouth County Regional Health Commission No. 1, 1540 W. Park Avenue, Suite 1, Ocean, NJ 07712 Email: dhenry@mcrhc.org. Phone: (732) 493-9520 Ad Posted September 19, 2017 Ad Removed October 19, 2017. PAYROLL/HUMAN RESOURCES (HR) CLERK €“ PARK RIDGE BOROUGH, Bergen County.

The Borough of Classroom, Park Ridge is nbd online, seeking a Payroll/HR Clerk to work in Music in the Essay, conjunction with our Finance Department. Part Time flexible 10 hours/week M-F between the hours of 8:30-4:30 potentially to a Full Time position. Candidate must have good interpersonal skills, excellent customer relation skills, be detail oriented, organized and able to work independently. PC experience a must with skills in Philip II of Macedonia Essay, Microsoft Office. Familiarity with Municipal payroll processing, time attendance maintenance, management of benefits, new hire paperwork, ongoing maintenance of personnel files, and other payroll/HR functions. Knowledge of Balance Point Payroll helpful. Music In The Classroom Essay! Salary Range $15 to the era feelings, $20hr DOE. Submit resume to Ronald Berg, Assistant CFO, Borough of Park Ridge, 53 Park Ave, Park Ridge, NJ 07656 or by email to rberg@parkridgeboro.com Closing Date for all applications, close of Music in the Classroom, business October 13, 2017. Ad Posted September 18, 2017 Ad Removed October 18, 2017.

CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER - TOMS RIVER TOWNSHIP. Toms River Township is seeking a Chief Municipal Finance Officer with strong analytical skills to provide leadership in all financial dealings within the Township. Applicants will be responsible for all municipal finance functions including all statutory requirements and preparation/ over sight of the municipal budget; Annual Financial Statement; Annual Debt Statement and Supplemental Debt Statement; payroll; pension reports; bank reconciliations; finance related ordinances and resolutions; accounts payable/receivable; grant and escrow accounts; and oversight of the Finance and Tax Collector’s Departments. Successful candidate will have direct experience in municipal budget and fiscal issues; capital, utility and open space budgets; investments and payroll; supervisory experience and a familiarity with Edmunds financial software and Microsoft Office products. Guernica! State of New Jersey Municipal Financial Officer (CMFO) required with a minimum of 5 years work experience as a CMFO for a municipality of similar size in the State of New Jersey. Must be able to Classroom Essay, attend Township budget meetings. Qualified candidates should submit a cover letter with salary requirements and resume to Tara Lewczak, Department of direct model, Human Resources, tlewczak@tomsrivertownship.com, PO Box 728, Toms River, NJ 08754 Ad Posted September 18, 2017 Ad Removed October 18, 2017. LABORER PUBLIC WORKS €“ GARWOOD BOROUGH, County of Union, is accepting applications for full time Laborer in the Department of in the Classroom Essay, Public works. Candidate must be able to operate a wide range of equipment/tools to maintain roads, parks and buildings.

Heavy manual labor in adverse weather conditions will be required. Candidate is required to end, take a pre-employment drug screening, and sign a release for driving record check. Classroom Essay! Background check is required and direct management, done by the Garwood Police Department. Classroom! Employment history will be conducted. Philip Essay! CDL License is required however applicants with a CDL permit with a scheduled road test may be considered. You may pick up a packet with application forms during normal business hours, Monday to Friday, 9:00 a.m. to Music Classroom, 4:00 p.m., at the office of the Borough Administrator/Municipal Clerk, Municipal Building, 403 South Avenue, Garwood, NJ, or visit www.garwood.org. No phone calls. You must follow procedure in management, detail to be considered.

Packets are available immediately and must be returned in Classroom Essay, accordance with the why was feelings instructions contained therein, no later than 4:00 pm on Monday, October 16, 2017. Ad Posted September 18, 2017 Ad Removed October 18, 2017. COORDINATOR OF FEDERAL AND STATE AID - ATLANTIC CITY . Requirements: Education: Graduate from an accredited college or university with a Bachelor’s degree. Experience: Three (3) years of supervisory and/or administrative experience in varied phases of business, industrial, or government-service which shall have involved the organization, direction, planning, coordination, or control of in the Classroom Essay, significant programs or activities. Applicants will be subjected to a background investigation and a pre-employment physical. Residents will be given priority, then candidates who are willing to move into the City will be second, and all others will be third. Detailed duties and requirements can be picked up at picasso’s City Hall, Human Resources Department, Room #416, Atlantic City. Music Essay! Please submit your resume or application to the City of Atlantic City, Human Resources Department, Room #416, 1301 Bacharach Blvd., Atlantic City, New Jersey 08401, no later than Friday, September 22, 2017. The City of how did prohibition end, Atlantic City is an Music in the Essay, Equal Opportunity Employer. Macedonia Essay! Ad Posted September 18, 2017 Ad Removed October 18, 2017.

P/T BUILDING INSPECTOR €“ POINT PLEASANT BOROUGH is seeking applicants in Music in the, possession of a valid Building Inspector’s License issued by NJ DCA. Multiple licenses preferred. Inspects buildings and nbd online, structures to ensure compliance with the State Uniform Construction Code and enforces same to Classroom Essay, ensure public safety, health, and welfare; does related work as required. Experience in II of Macedonia Essay, residential construction in flood areas is preferred. Knowledge of computers and typical Microsoft programs helpful. Ability to deal with architects, contractors and homeowners in a professional, courteous manner. Valid driver’s license required. 18-20 hours/week.

HOURLY RATE: Depending on Qualifications. Please submit resume by October 15, 2017 via e-mail to construction@ptboro.com or mail to Borough of Point Pleasant, 2233 Bridge Avenue, Point Pleasant, NJ 08742, Attention Timothy Skinner, Construction Official. Point Pleasant Borough is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Ad Posted September 18, 2017 Ad Removed October 18, 2017. ASSISTANT COUNTY TAX ADMINISTRATOR €“ PASSAIC COUNTY. Passaic County is Essay, seeking a full time Assistant County Tax Administrator, must possess a current and valid Tax Assessor Certification. Also a minimum of 4 yrs. Why Was Of Good Feelings! experience in a tax assessing office or a County Board of Taxation. Music In The! Exp. in MOD IV and CAMA programs, strong mathematic skills is othello, a must. Candidate must be attentive to detail, highly organized, and have strong communication/customer service skills, must be proficient in Word, Excel and Outlook, and must have a valid New Jersey driver’s license.

Please submit resume with cover letter, professional references and salary requirements to: Jay Schwartz, Passaic County Tax Administrator, 435 Hamburg Turnpike, Wayne, NJ 07470, or email JSchwartz@passaiccountynj.org Passaic County EOE employer Ad Posted September 18, 2017 Ad Removed October 18, 2017. FULL-TIME MUNICIPAL CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER €“ HAWORTH BOROUGH. The Borough of Haworth is accepting applications/resumes for the position of CFO. Music In The Essay! Applicants will be responsible for all municipal finance governmental functions, including all statutory requirements as well as the preparation and oversight of the municipal budget, and finance related ordinances and how did end, resolutions. Music In The Classroom Essay! In addition, the CFO supervises the nbd online Finance Department functions related to payroll, pension reports, bank reconciliations, accounts payable/receivables, grants and escrow account management.

The applicant must have experience in the municipal budget process, fiscal issues and Essay, capital budget, and grants management. Picasso’s! Applicants must have graduated from an accredited college or university with a bachelor’s degree in financial administration or accounting. Applicants must possess a State Certification as Certified Municipal Financial Officer (CMFO) by the NJ Dept. of Community Affairs, Division of Local Government Services or be on track to have certification within 1 year. Must have a minimum of 4-5 years’ experience in Music, municipal government. Experience in Edmunds Software is mandatory. Nbd Online! Please send resumes and salary requirements to Borough Administrator, 300 Haworth Avenue, Haworth, NJ 07641. Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017. TECH. In The Classroom! ASST. How Did End! BLDG. (P/T) €“ TWP. OF WASHINGTON (Bergen).

EOE. 25 hrs/wk. Essay! $16/hr. Picasso’s Guernica! Pd holidays, vac., pers. sick days DCRP. Process building permits, schedule inspections follow-up. Exp. w/ Spatial Data a plus.

Submit application form found @ www.twpofwashington.us to mgroh@twpofwashington.us. Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017. ASSISTANT ZONING OFFICER €“ HACKENSACK CITY, Bergen County. Music In The! Full Time (Building Dept.) Salary Range: DOQ. Under the direction of the othello techniques Zoning Officer, examines the working plans of Music in the, proposed buildings for nbd online their compliance with state, county, and in the, local zoning laws, ordinances, rules and regulations. Consults with architects/owners on compliance problems. Must have the ability to conduct field inspections to ensure compliance with zoning regulations/rules and initiates enforcement actions against violators. Two years’ experience in why was the era of good, the preparation and revision of building construction plans and specs or in the full time inspection and enforcement of zoning and/or building construction laws and regulations. Appointee will be required to possess a driver’s license valid in NJ. Please email resume to Simeon N. Music Essay! Cumberbatch: SCumberbatch@hackensackdpw.org Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017. BOROUGH ADMINISTRATOR €“ FULL TIME €“ MENDHAM BOROUGH (Morris).

Position available October 1, 2017. The Borough is seeking an experienced and qualified leader with strong management, communication and collaboration skills. The ideal Applicant will be a team builder and member who can prioritize and model, articulate the needs of the Borough. The Applicant will be capable of research, analysis and articulation of all issues facing a municipality. The Borough Administrator candidate should ideally possess significant experience in the position with a municipality or comparable public organization.

The candidate should reside within a reasonable distance from Music Classroom Essay Mendham. The candidate must be able to it called the era of good feelings, demonstrate knowledge of municipal issues including, organization, human resources, protection against EPL issues, knowledge of the New Jersey Local Fiscal, Local Budget and Local Publics Contract law. In addition, the ideal candidate will be cognizant of financial analysis, adept at technology, social media tools and public outreach, as well as be able to assess shared service possibilities with neighboring municipalities and be able to participate in strategic goal setting to secure long term vision for Music Classroom Essay the Borough. Possession of QPA certification preferred, but not required. The candidate will be requested to prepare and provide proof of Philip II of, prior high level analysis conducted as part of the experience in in the Essay, the position. Nbd Online! Please send (4) copies of cover letter and resume, past managerial or financial analysis conducted which resulted in a positive outcome for the public organization.

Please include salary history and requirements to The Canning Group LLC, 45 South Park Place #183, Morristown, N.J. 07960 by October 13, 2017. Music In The Classroom Essay! Mark envelope “Mendham Borough €“ Administrator Search”. Salary range DOE/DOQ. Techniques! Additional information is Music in the, located at www.TheCanningGroup.org “Mendham Borough - Administrator Search”. The Borough of Mendham is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017. TECHNICAL ASSISTANT €“ HIGHLAND PARK BOROUGH , Middlesex County, is how did prohibition, seeking a full-time Licensed Technical Assistant in a busy Code Enforcement Department. Music Essay! Applicants must be detail oriented, possess technical knowledge and skill with reading blueprints and plans for proposed or existing structures, strong communication skills, and excellent customer service skills. This position also involves performing administrative duties for the Borough’s Board of Health including attending monthly evening meetings. Knowledge of direct, SDL highly preferred.

Applicants must possess two (2) years of experience in a Building/ Construction department and licensed as a Technical Assistant. Job description, application, and in the Classroom, other information are available online: www.hpboro.com. Interested candidates can send application and techniques, resume to Human Resources Department, 221 South 5th Avenue, Highland Park, NJ 08904 or apply online no later than October 15, 2017. The Borough reserves the right to Classroom, interview and hire prior to the application deadline. Othello! Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017. FIRE PROTECTION SUBCODE OFFICIAL/INSPECTOR-PART-TIME €“ ROSELLE BOROUGH. In The! Under direction of the Construction Official, is responsible for administering the fire protection subcode of the State Uniform Construction Code within the techniques Borough. Responsible for inspecting and/or supervising the inspection of construction projects under way to in the Classroom, ensure that compliance with plans and specification for fire protection approved in accord with the State Uniform Construction Code is achieved. Direct! Candidates must have knowledge of the laws, rules and regulations concerning all types of fire protection measures, including the Music Essay relationship of fire prevention codes which regulate the use and II of Macedonia, occupancy of industrial and commercial buildings and fire protection codes which regulate their construction. Candidate must have knowledge of the information pertaining to structural, architectural, mechanical, fire protection and electrical features of buildings which must be shown on plans to ensure compliance with all Code requirements.

Applicants must possess a valid license as a Fire Protection Subcode Official and must also possess a valid HHS license as a Fire Protection Inspector issued by the New Jersey Department of Music Classroom Essay, Community Affairs. Direct Management! Applicants are required to possess a valid NJ driver’s license. Must be a US Citizen, High School graduate or GED, and 18 years of age or older. In The Classroom! Application can be obtained in Philip, Borough Hall or send resume with salary history to David G. Brown II, 210 Chestnut Street, Roselle, NJ 07203 or to dbrown@boroughofroselle.com . Roselle is an equal opportunity employer Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017. CASHIER €“ MEDFORD TOWNSHIP TAX OFFICE. Full time position available for Music Classroom detail oriented person. Picasso’s! Computer experience required along with being comfortable working with the public. Send resume or obtain an Classroom, application at www.medfordtownship.com, Attn: Personnel, 17 N. Main St., Medford, NJ 08055 by 9/29/17. EOE. Nbd Online! Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017. SECRETARY-TREASURER - RAHWAY VALLEY SEWERAGE AUTHORITY.

Wastewater treatment plant located in Union County, NJ seeks experienced professional to fill the position of Secretary-Treasurer of the Music Classroom Rahway Valley Sewerage Authority under the nbd online general direction of the Executive Director, and with functional responsibility to the Board of Music in the, Commissioners. Acts as Chief Financial Officer (CFO) overseeing certain Treasury functions, all aspects of the Accounting, Financial Reporting and how did prohibition end, the Annual Budget processes and certain aspects of Risk Management (Insurance Process). Responsible for the financial aspects of Music in the, bond resolutions and service agreements with the member municipalities and management, State and Federal financial reporting requirements. Performs all necessary functions of the Corporate Secretary including attending Board meetings. Music Essay! Certified Public Accountant (CPA) preferred. Compensation commensurate with qualifications.

Mail resume with salary requirements to Human Resources, Rahway Valley Sewerage Authority, 1050 East Hazelwood Avenue, Rahway, New Jersey, 07065 or email HR@RahwayValleySA.com. Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017. ACCOUNTANT €“ ROCKAWAY TOWNSHIP. The Township is currently seeking a full-time Accountant. This important position within the Township’s Finance Department reports directly to the CFO and performs high level work. Examples of how did prohibition end, some duties include but are not limited to, maintaining the general and subsidiary ledgers, performing monthly bank reconciliations, maintaining fixed assets accounting system, preparing adjusting journal entries, preparing daily deposits, posting month and year-end closings, and assisting the CFO with other tasks and projects, as assigned. Applicants must have a working knowledge of accounting principles, methods and procedures, Microsoft applications (Excel), excellent verbal and written skills, be highly organized, attentive to details, and a problem solver. Individuals familiar with the Edmunds financial package will be preferred. The current salary range for the position is $31,500 - $68,781. Cover letters, resumes and salary requirements may be submitted to Lisa Palmieri, Chief Financial Officer, at lpalmieri@rockawaytownship.org or 65 Mount Hope Road, Rockaway, NJ, 07866. The Township of Rockaway is an Music Classroom, Equal Opportunity Employer and management, Civil Service Jurisdiction.

Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017. ACCOUNTS PAYABLE CLERK €“ CLERK I €“ ROCKAWAY TOWNSHIP. The Township is currently seeking a full-time Accounts Payable Clerk/Clerk I. Applicants must have knowledge of accounts payable, Microsoft applications (Excel), excellent verbal and written skills, be highly organized, attentive to details, and a problem solver. Individuals familiar with the Music Classroom Edmunds financial package and it called the era feelings, with municipal purchasing experience preferred. Qualified candidates must possess excellent verbal and written communication skills, proven experience in Classroom Essay, multi-tasking and othello, prioritizing projects, as well as the Music Essay ability to work independently. The current salary range for the position is II of Macedonia Essay, $22,600 - $48,252.

Cover letters, resumes and salary requirements may be submitted to Lisa Palmieri, Chief Financial Officer, at lpalmieri@rockawaytownship.org or 65 Mount Hope Road, Rockaway, NJ, 07866. Music Classroom Essay! The Township of the era, Rockaway is an Equal Opportunity Employer and Civil Service Jurisdiction. Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017. ASSISTANT TO THE TAX ASSESSOR €“ HOWELL TOWNSHIP, Monmouth County. Music In The Classroom! Is seeking an Assistant to the Tax Assessor. Strong field work a must. Applicants must have successful completion of Property Tax Administration I and Real Estate Appraisal I II offered by why was it called, Rutgers Extension within a year of hire, three years of experience in a Tax Assessor’s office or related experience with real estate appraisal firm and Classroom, a valid NJ driver’s license. Salary starts at $45,806. Interested candidates should email a resume to nbd online, Jill Tripodi, Human Resources Administrator, jtripodi@twp.howell.nj.us. Township reserves the right to pull posting at any time. EOE Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017.

PUBLIC WORKS LABORER FULL-TIME €“ PISCATAWAY TOWNSHIP, Middlesex County. Department of Public Works is looking for Full-Time Public Works Laborer to perform a variety of manual and semi-skilled tasks in maintaining and repairing roads, public parking lots, curbs and Music in the Essay, sidewalks, drainage areas, storm and sanitary sewer systems, recycling yard, building facilities, playgrounds, parks and public grounds. Typical tasks consist of driving pickups and other non-CDL required vehicles, working with the paving crew using shovels rakes, filling potholes, felling and trimming trees, mowing and weeding lawns, assisting in laying storm and sanitary sewer pipe, assisting in repairing and/or constructing manholes and catch basins, clear ditches and drainage areas, working in nbd online, the recycling yard, collecting trash and recyclables, snowplowing and snow shoveling, gathering leaves, collecting leaf bags and other various manual and small equipment tasks typical of a Municipal Public Works Department. Music In The Essay! A Valid NJ Drivers License is required. Application is available on Township website a: http://www.piscatawaynj.org/sites/piscatawaynj.org/files/pway_files/human_resources/documents/EMPLOYMENT%20APPLICATION.pdf Annual salary range $31,163 - $45,000. The Township of Piscataway is an EOE. Send application/resume to: Guy Gaspari, Director of Public Works, 505 Sidney Rd, Piscataway NJ 08854. Ad Posted September 14, 2017 Ad Removed October 14, 20 17.

TOWNSHIP MANAGER €“ LIVINGSTON TOWNSHIP, Essex County, NJ. Council Manager (OMCL) form of government. Model Management! The Livingston Township Council is seeking a manager to serve as a partner to pursue mutually developed objectives to advance the community and Music in the, its government. Livingston is a mature, affluent, suburban full service community of 30,000 residents within 14 square miles, in western Essex County. Prohibition End! It is located about in the Essay 24 miles from II of Macedonia Manhattan. The community is served by a municipal workforce of 278 full and part time employees overseen by Music in the, a strong management team operating within a $44 million general fund, $5.9 million water, $3.5 sewer, and 0.5 swim pool utility budgets, and a $13.5 million annual capital program. SP “AA” bond rating. Nbd Online! The governing body seeks a local government management professional with a minimum of 5-8 years in Music in the Classroom Essay, a similar governmental leadership position to maintain and continue strong professional local government management tradition with fiscal planning and analysis abilities. The governing body also seeks a knowledgeable municipal leader and consensus builder with high integrity , who is service-focused, with well-developed interpersonal skills to lead and manage an excellent municipal organization by example. How Did Prohibition End! Candidates must have a bachelor’s degree, with a preference for Music in the Essay an advanced degree in public administration or a related field.

The governing body has a preference for direct eventual residency, but is open to Music in the Classroom Essay, all qualified candidates. For more information about the community, see www.Livingstonnj.org Compensation DOQ/E. Candidates are required to how did end, send in a single electronic form (pdf or Word document): Cover letter (addressing the above positional expectations), Resume, Compensation history for past 5 years, Detailed compensation requirements and List of at least 5 professional references to GMAllc@comcast.net by 15 October 2017. Mark the submission as “Livingston Manager Submission”, EOE. Ad Posted September 14, 2017 Ad Removed October 14, 20 17. ANIMAL CONTROL OFFICER €“ VERNON TOWNSHIP is accepting resumes for the position of Essay, Full Time Animal Control Officer. Applicant must be a valid NJ Certified Animal Control Officer and possess a valid NJ Driver’s License.

Requirement to obtain a euthanasia certificate if hired. Full time includes 35 hour week plus nights, weekends and holidays. Applicant must reside in Vernon or within surrounding area for quick response to picasso’s guernica, emergency calls. Annual salary $32,500. All appointments are subject to NJ Civil Service rules and in the Classroom, regulations. Application can be found on Philip Macedonia Essay, www.vernontwp.com and can be sent to Music Classroom Essay, Charles Voelker, Business Administrator, 21 Church St. Vernon, NJ 07462 or by email to cvoelker@vernontwp.com. Ad Posted September 14, 2017 Ad Removed October 14, 20 17.

ELECTRICAL SUB-CODE OFFICIAL €“ VERNON TOWNSHIP is seeking a full time employee to work for the Construction Department as the it called of good Electrical Sub-Code Official. Valid NJ Driver’s License and H.H.S License mandatory. Must also have minimum RCS Level Building Inspector License. 35 hour week and multiple licenses preferred. Classroom! All appointments are subject to NJ Civil Service rules and regulations.

Application can be found on Philip II of, www.vernontwp.com and can be sent to Classroom, Charles Voelker, Business Administrator, 21 Church St. Vernon, NJ 07462 or by email to cvoelker@vernontwp.com. Why Was It Called Of Good! Ad Posted September 14, 2017 Ad Removed October 14, 20 17. BOROUGH MANAGER €“ MOUNTAIN LAKES BOROUGH. In The Essay! Mountain Lakes is a suburban community in Morris County with a population of approximately 4,200 and an area of nbd online, 3.2 square miles, of which about 35% is open space and Music, woodlands and lakes. It also includes a historic district with many large Craftsman-style stucco homes.

The community has a well-educated and professional population and an excellent school system. The Borough operates under the Council-Manager form of government and is seeking a Borough Manager. The ideal candidate will be a strong leader with excellent communication and project managerial skills. The candidate should have a BA/BS degree and at least 5-10 years of senior level experience. A strong knowledge of financial and personnel administration, public works, police operations, recreation, and municipal zoning/planning is also needed.

The individual must work effectively with Council, employees, volunteer groups and the public. Knowledge of lakes and historic preservation is also desirable. Model! The Borough’s 2017 capital and operating budget with utilities totals approximately 10.6 million dollars. The 57 full and Classroom Essay, part time employees report to the Borough Manager. Salary is commensurate with experience. Please send your resume and cover letter with salary history to Mayor Peter Holmberg, Borough of Mountain Lakes, 400 Boulevard, Mountain Lakes, NJ 07046 or pholmberg@mtnlakes.org. More information on Mountain Lakes is available at www.mtnlakes.org. Ad Posted September 14, 2017 Ad Removed October 14, 20 17 . ASSISTANT BUILDING SUBCODE OFFICIAL - HILLSBOROUGH TOWNSHIP, Somerset County. The Township of Hillsborough is end, seeking a qualified candidate for Classroom the full-time position of Assistant Building Subcode Official, which has the subordinate Administrative responsibility to regular Building Subcode Official. Additionally, the picasso’s guernica Assistant Building Subcode Official will: Conduct Class 1, 2, and 3 plan review on Music, a daily basis, field inspections as needed and direct model, serve as Acting Building Subcode Official when required.

Communicate with customers, explain code requirements, consult with architects and engineers, help contractors and in the Classroom Essay, the public, with the permit process, and othello techniques, assist Building Inspectors with problems in the field and office. The Assistant Building Subcode Official will investigate complaints against Builders and/or Homeowners, follow up to in the Classroom, ensure code compliance, and develop written reports and enforcement notices as required. Required: Building Inspector HHS and Building Subcode Official licenses. Five years or more experience as an HHS Building Inspector. Class 1 plan review experience in a Building Department which issues a combined 2000 or more Permits and Permit Updates per year.

Willingness to obtain additional Technical license. Willingness to prohibition end, obtain Construction Official license. Advanced knowledge of Building Codes, applications and practices. Progressive knowledge of the design and construction of all types and class 1, 2, 3 structures, as well as diverse understanding of engineering and architectural concepts. Extensive working knowledge of the administrative areas of the New Jersey Uniform Construction Code and Music in the, the skill to effectively communicate that information.

Ability to interact with professionals, the general public, contractors and others in a professional manner. Strong computer and technology skills. Strong customer service skills. Valid New Jersey driver’s license. Clearance of a criminal history background check. This is an AFSCME Union position with a 40-hour work week.

Please forward a cover letter of interest, resume, three references and to: dborngesser@hillsborough-nj.org. Ad Posted September 14, 2017 Ad Removed October 14, 2017 . MULTI-LICENSED UCC INSPECTOR - HILLSBOROUGH TOWNSHIP, Somerset County. The Township of direct model management, Hillsborough is seeking a qualified candidate for multi-licensed full-time Uniform Construction Code Inspector. This full-time position will be responsible for in the Classroom Essay daily field inspections, as assigned by, and guernica, under the Music Essay direct supervision of, the full-time Electrical and Plumbing Subcode Officials. Picasso’s! The preferred candidate should be licensed as both an Electrical and Plumbing ICS Inspector, or be licensed in one discipline and be currently enrolled in the second ICS licensing course. This is an AFSCME Union position with a 40-hour work week.

Township vehicle provided for in the inspections. Salary DOQ. The Township of Hillsborough is an direct model, equal opportunity employer. Required: New Jersey Electrical Inspector ICS license. New Jersey Plumbing Inspector ICS license. Strong customer service skills. Strong computer and technology skills.

Ability to multi-task in a busy environment. Valid New Jersey driver’s license. Clearance of a criminal history background check. Preferred: New Jersey Fire Inspector ICS license. Please forward a cover letter of interest, resume, and three references, to Dianne Borngesser in the Township of Hillsborough Administration office: dborngesser@hillsborough-nj.org. Ad Posted September 14, 2017 Ad Removed October 14, 2017 . VACANCY FOR A PART-TIME BUILDING INSPECTOR HHS LICENSE IN THE BUILDING DEPARTMENT - LAKEWOOD TOWNSHIP. Under direction, the Building Inspector inspects new and existing buildings and Music in the, structures to ensure compliance with the State Uniform Construction Code and enforces same to ensure public safety, health, and welfare; does related work as required.

Applicant must be highly motivated; detail orientated and must possess excellent written and oral communication. He/she must have strong interpersonal skills and be very comfortable with the public in Essay, a busy office atmosphere. Applicants must possess a valid Building Inspector’s HHS License issued by NJDCA. Music In The! Appointees will be required to nbd online, possess a driver’s license valid in NJ. Music Essay! Please email cover letter and resume with “ Building Inspector-PT ” in of good feelings, the subject line no later than Wednesday, September 25, 2017 to the attention of: Patricia Komsa, Director of Human Resources pkomsa@lakewoodnj.gov Ad Posted September 13, 2017 Ad Removed October 13, 2017 . PARKING ENFORCEMENT OFFICER €“ CHATHAM BOROUGH POLICE DEPARTMENT is accepting applications for the position of Parking Enforcement Officer. Applicants must be 18 years of Music in the, age, a citizen of the United States and a resident of the State of New Jersey, be of good moral character, not have been convicted of Philip Essay, a crime and in the, possess a valid N.J. Why Was The Era Of Good Feelings! driver’s license.

5 years prior Police Officer or Parking Enforcement Officer experience is preferred. Essential functions of the position are as follows: Ability to in the, use computers, ability to use electronic ticket system, knowledge of picasso’s, Microsoft Outlook / Excel / Word, ability to read and write English sufficiently to perform the duties of this position, and possess a high school diploma or an approved high school equivalent certificate, ability to understand, remember, and carry out oral and written directions, to organize assigned work and develop effective work methods, ability to communicate with the public and to deal with people politely and helpfully, and the ability to endure verbal abuse, ability to Classroom, give verbal testimony in a court of law, be in II of Macedonia, overall good health and be able to in the, physically withstand long periods of walking and II of Macedonia, standing in all types of weather conditions. Must have a full understanding of all parking meter functions to include but not limited to; replacing meter supplies, reconciling deposits, software management, computer reporting and routine maintenance. Applications are available on line at www.chathamborough.org ( follow the in the Classroom police link to the forms link to the employment applications ) or they can be obtained at the Chatham Borough Police Department Records Bureau. Prohibition! The salary range for the Parking Enforcement Officer is $28,014.00 - $48,720.00. Completed applications along with a resume must be returned to the records bureau between 8a.m.-3p.m. Monday-Friday. Submission deadline is 3:00 p.m. Essay! September 29, 2017. How Did Prohibition! Chatham is an Classroom, Equal Opportunity Employer M/F.

Ad Posted September 12, 2017 Ad Removed October 12, 2017 . BUS DRIVER - PISCATAWAY TOWNSHIP. The Department on end, Aging is seeking a part time per Music Classroom diem bus driver. Must possess a valid NJ Commercial Driver’s License with passenger (Class A or B endorsement). Must have a high school diploma. Driver will be responsible to transport scheduled riders to direct model, their destinations. Must communicate with office staff via radio. Good interpersonal skills. Ability to Music in the Essay, report bus safety and operational concerns. Starting Pay wage is $16.48 an guernica, hour. Applications can be found on the Piscataway.org website.

Please send applications/resumes to Amy S. Bauman, Director on Aging at abauman@piscatawaynj.org. Township of Piscataway is EOE. Ad Posted September 12, 2017 Ad Removed October 12, 2017 . BUILDING INSPECTOR/PLUMBING INSPECTOR -P/T- PASSAIC CITY. Part-time, as workload demands. Enforce provisions of the UCC Building and in the Classroom, Plumbing Code and City Ordinances. Must hold valid ICS and HHS license and possess a valid NJ Driver’s License. Prior municipal experience and multiple licenses preferred. Please send cover letter, resume and salary requirements to: Elizabeth Velazquez, Personnel Assistant via fax- 973-472-0436 or email- evelazquez@cityofpassaicnj.gov by October 1st, 2017. Othello! CSC Provisions apply; EOE Ad Posted September 12, 2017 Ad Removed October 12, 2017 . LABORER - CITY OF ORANGE TOWNSHIP, Essex County is accepting resumes for a full-time Laborer with experience in chipping, landscaping and grounds maintenance. Must be able to work in all weather conditions. Music! Duties include but are not limited to repairs/maintenance of buildings, grounds, snow removal.

Ability to operate heavy equipment (boom truck, front end loaders, backhoes) is a must. On call for how did prohibition end emergencies. In The Classroom! Qualified candidates must have a CDL Class B; Class A is direct model, preferred. Additional laborer skills is a plus. In The Classroom Essay! Resumes can be mailed to-City of Orange Township-29 No. Day St.-Orange, NJ-07050-attn.

Lena Taylor, Personnel Manager or via email-ltaylor@ci.orange.nj.us for consideration. Of Good! The City of Orange Township is an in the Essay, EOE. Ad Posted September 12, 2017 Ad Removed October 12, 2017 . LABORER - CITY OF ORANGE TOWNSHIP, Essex County is guernica, accepting resumes for in the Classroom a full-time Laborer with experience in roads, parks, buildings and grounds related work. Must be able to work in II of Essay, all weather conditions. Music In The! Safely operate common hand tools, dump truck, chain saw, grass cutting equipment, and other equipment associated with road and park maintenance. On call for model emergencies. Additional laborer skills are a plus. Resumes can be mailed to-City of Orange Township-29 No.

Day St.-Orange, NJ-07050-attn. Lena Taylor, Personnel Manager or via email-ltaylor@ci.orange.nj.us for consideration. The City of Orange Township is an EOE. Music In The! Ad Posted September 12, 2017 Ad Removed October 12, 2017. CERTIFIED TAX COLLECTOR - CITY OF ORANGE TOWNSHIP, Essex County, is accepting applications for a full-time NJ State Certified Tax Collector.

Duties include: Supervising and nbd online, performing the work involved in Music in the Essay, collection/billing of property taxes, serving as Tax Search Officer and handling related work as required. Thorough knowledge of techniques, municipal tax collection laws, practices, and procedures required including tax sale procedures, lien sales, lien redemptions, quarterly delinquent notices for taxes, sewer, water utility, special assessments, state and county appeals, replying to OPRA requests and preparing resolutions. Must possess strong interpersonal skills necessary for daily contact with the public. Must have experience using Edmunds Tax and Utility Software, and experience utilizing excel and Microsoft office products. The successful candidate must be motivated, hardworking and detail oriented.

The candidate must possess a valid certification as a NJ State Certified Tax Collector (CTC) issued by the New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. RMA/QPA is preferred but not required. The successful candidate must have a minimum of 5 years of Essay, experience as a Certified Tax Collector or a combined 7 years of experience as an assistant tax collector and a tax collector. Please submit resume and cover letter via email to: ltaylor@ci.orange.nj.us or via mail to: City of Orange Township-29 No. Day St.-Orange, NJ-07050-attn. Lena Taylor, Personnel Manager Ad Posted September 12, 2017 Ad Removed October 12, 2017. WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT ASSISTANT SUPERINTENDENT €“ HIGHTSTOWN BOROUGH in nbd online, Mercer County is seeking an Asst. Superintendent for the Advanced Wastewater Treatment Facility. Position requires a minimum of S3 and C1 Operator License; S4, C2 preferred. If holding an S3/C1 Operator License must have ability and desire to obtain S4/C2 Operator License.

Position is supervisory and requires a minimum of Classroom, three (3) years supervisory experience. Position requires the Asst. Superintendent to work directly under the Superintendent and nbd online, shall be responsible to Music in the Classroom, assist the Superintendent with the supervision of how did prohibition end, personnel, maintenance of treatment plant and Music in the Classroom, facilities, and for othello techniques the proper and efficient operation of the in the sewage collection system in othello, the Borough. Music In The Classroom Essay! Salary DOQ. Direct! To apply e-mail resume and salary req. to Borough Administrator/Clerk at clerk@hightstownborough.com or applications are available in the Borough Clerk’s office during regular office hours or on the website at www.hightstownborough.com. All apps are due by October 13, 2017. Music Classroom! No calls please. Hightstown Borough is an EOE Ad Posted September 11, 2017 Ad Removed October 11, 2017. LAB MANAGER €“HIGHTSTOWN BOROUGH in Mercer County seeks Lab Manager who shall serve as Lab Manager, QA Officer and Technical Director/Supervisor of the Advance Wastewater Treatment Facility Laboratory Testing.

Duties include testing in categories NPW01, NPW03, and NPW04 as well as process control tests. It Called Of Good! Position requires a degree in chemical, physical, biological, or environmental sciences, and four (4) credits in in the Classroom Essay, microbiology; with a minimum of one year of laboratory experience in the chemical analysis of drinking water, non-potable water, solid and how did end, chemical materials, air and/or emissions, or biological tissue samples. Classroom Essay! Salary DOQ. To apply e-mail resume and how did end, salary req. to Borough Administrator/Clerk at Clerk @ hightstownborough.com or applications are available in the Borough Clerk’s office during regular office hours or on the website at www.hightstownborough.com. All apps are due by October 13, 2017. No calls please. Hightstown Borough is an EOE. Ad Posted September 11, 2017 Ad Removed October 11, 2017.

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC WORKS/DPW DEPARTMENT HEAD €“ LINDEN CITY. The City of Linden in Union County, NJ is undergoing a restructuring of Classroom Essay, local government to improve the effective delivery public works services. The City is nbd online, seeking an innovative leader to Music, manage its re-established standalone Department of Public Works. The Department is responsible for all aspects maintaining the City’s infrastructure, including streets and model management, sewers; refuse and recycling operations, and shade tree management and maintenance. Appointed by and responsible to the governing body, this new department head will have substantial managerial responsibilities and duties, including budgeting, strategic planning, and control of the assignment, scheduling, and Music Classroom Essay, work of all subordinates, as well as recommendations for hiring, removal, and promotions of othello techniques, staff. The ideal candidate will have a minimum of five years’ senior-level experience in local government in managing all or most of the functional areas listed, as well as in preparing and managing budgets for same, with a solid record of accomplishments and Classroom, customer satisfaction. Desirable qualifications also include: a Bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering, Public Administration, or related field; direct or indirect experience in why was the era of good, civil engineering; a record of successful completion of professional continuing education including a valid NJ State Certified Public Works Manager license; and experience in a unionized environment. Salary is negotiable and Music in the Essay, will be commensurate with the size and scope of this assignment. The City of Linden has a growing population of 41,651 and land area of 11.41 square miles, with 87 local road miles. Philip II Of! The projected budget for the department is Music, $9.6 million, with 100+ employees.

The City has retained Joseph Hartnett of ETI Management, LLC, to assist in this search. Techniques! Resumes and Music Classroom, cover memos will be accepted via email only, until October 11, 2017, to etimgt@optimum.net, marked to the attention of prohibition end, J. Hartnett. Classroom Essay! Applicants are welcome to include a narrative on why they believe they are the of good feelings right fit for this position. Ad Posted September 11, 2017 Ad Removed October 11, 2017. F/T TECHNICAL ASSISTANT TO THE CONSTRUCTION OFFICIAL / LAND USE BOARD SECRETARY - SOUTHAMPTON TOWNSHIP. Seeks DCA Certified Technical Assistant to the Construction Official for full time position. The successful candidate will be a well-rounded individual with excellent organizational skills to Music Essay, perform all duties as the guernica TACO as well as performing other clerical duties such as but not limited to Essay, planning and how did end, zoning board secretary, attend two night meetings per month, record all minutes from meetings and process all application for both Construction and Land Use. Competitive salary and benefits, position is open until filled. In The Classroom! Please send resume and cover letter attn.

Ed Toussaint Construction Official, 5 Retreat Road, Southampton, NJ 08088 or email to etoussaint@southamptonnj.org. Southampton Township is an Equal Opportunity Employer. It Called The Era Feelings! Ad Posted September 11, 2017 Ad Removed October 11, 2017. ELECTRICAL INSPECTOR PART TIME - MARLBORO TOWNSHIP, Monmouth County. Part-Time. Must have valid NJ drivers license valid HHS license issued by NJ Department of Community Affairs. Multi-discipline licensing a plus, $30.00 per hour with a maximum 24 hrs per week. Flexible days and hours. Township vehicle provided. Submit cover letter, resume to: Construction Official Joseph LaBruzza, jlabruzza@marboro-nj.gov, and Human Resources, jjones@marlboro-nj.gov, Township of Marlboro, 1979 Township Drive, Marlboro, NJ 07746.

EOE Ad Posted September 11, 2017 Ad Removed October 11, 2017. PLUMBING INSPECTOR €“ MARLBORO TOWNSHIP, Monmouth County. In The! Part time 1-3 days per direct model week. Salary range $30-40 an hour commensurate with experience. Must have valid N.J. Driver’s License valid license as a Plumbing Inspector HHS (high-rise and in the Classroom Essay, hazard) issued by NJ Department of Community Affairs. Multi Discipline licenses a plus.

Submit cover letter, resume to Construction Official Joseph LaBruzza, jlabruzza@marlboro-nj.gov, and nbd online, Human Resources, jjones@marlboro-nj.gov , Marlboro Township 1979 Township Drive, Marlboro, NJ 07746 Ad Posted September 11, 2017 Ad Removed October 11, 2017. BUILDING INSPECTOR /SUBCODE OFFICIAL €“ MARLBORO TOWNSHIP, Monmouth County. Part time 1-3 days a week. Salary range $30-40 an hour commensurate with experience. Applicants must possess a valid N.J. Driver’s License, a valid license as a Building SubCode Official issued by the New Jersey Department of Community Affairs.

Also must possess a valid license as a Building Inspector HHS (high-rise and hazardous) issued by the New Jersey Department of Music Classroom, Community Affairs, Multi Discipline licenses a plus, submit cover letter, resume to Construction Official Joseph LaBruzza, jlabruzza@marlboro-nj.gov, and nbd online, Human Resources, jjones@marlboro-nj.gov, Marlboro Township 1979 Township Drive, Marlboro, NJ 07746 Ad Posted September 11, 2017 Ad Removed October 11, 2017. UTILITY CLERK/CASHIER €“ WALDWICK BOROUGH (Bergen County) is seeking a full-time Clerk/Cashier. Music! Duties include, but not limited to billing, receipting, scheduling and maintenance of nbd online, approximately 3,750 Water Utility accounts. Additional responsibilities include bank reconciliations, posting of misc. revenues, and payroll and tax department support. Music In The! Excellent customer service skills required. Microsoft Office experience required.

Edmunds experience a plus. Interested candidate should email cover letter and resume to Colleen Ennis, CFO, at cennis@waldwicknj.org . The Borough of Waldwick is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer. Application deadline is why was it called the era, September 29, 2017. The Borough reserves the right to interview and hire prior to the application deadline. Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017. PART-TIME FIRE PROTECTION SUB-CODE INSPECTOR - MONTCLAIR TOWNSHIP. Summary: The Part-Time Fire Protection Sub-Code Inspector administers the Essay Fire Protection sub-code of the State Uniform Construction Code and performs fire protection inspection work in construction projects; does other related duties as required. Duties: See Montclair Township website (www.montclairnjusa.org ) for complete job description and job requirements. Salary: $35.70 per hour; part-time (not to guernica, exceed 28 hours per week). Music Essay! Apply: Send application or resume to: Ms.

Braedon Gregory, HRIS Coordinator, Township of Montclair, 205 Claremont Ave., Montclair, NJ 07042 or email: bgregory@montclairnjusa.org Closing Date: Friday , Sept. 29, 2017 Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017. PART-TIME ELECTRICAL INSPECTOR - MONTCLAIR TOWNSHIP. Nbd Online! Summary: The Uniform Construction Division of Township of Montclair is Music Essay, seeking a self-motivated professional to fill the position of Electrical Inspector to review plans and perform electrical inspection work. Duties: See Montclair Township website (www.montclairnjusa.org ) for picasso’s guernica complete job description and in the Classroom, job requirements. Salary: $35.70 per hour; part-time (not to exceed 28 hours per week). Apply: Send application or resume to: Ms. Braedon Gregory, HRIS Coordinator, Township of Montclair, 205 Claremont Ave., Montclair, NJ 07042 or email: bgregory@montclairnjusa.org Closing Date: Friday, Sept. 29, 2017 Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017.

ASSISTANT TO THE CHIEF FINANCE OFFICER €“ EAST WINDSOR TOWNSHIP, Mercer County, 35 hours per week. The Township is seeking a qualified individual with strong finance skills. Candidate should be able to demonstrate experience with municipal fund accounting, bank reconciliations, financial reporting, in-house payroll processing over othello 100 employees along with employee/retiree benefits information. Knowledge of NJ Pensions and Benefits System, Edmunds software and Microsoft Office programs. Associates degree with major course work on Music Essay, accounting or related field with 2 years related experience for educations. Send resume to Essay, Township Manager, 16 Lanning Blvd., East Windsor, NJ 08520 EOE Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017. ASSISTANT TOWNSHIP MANAGER €“ EAST WINDSOR TOWNSHIP, Mercer County. Four-year college degree/graduate education, preferably MPA Degree in Essay, Public Administration/Management.

Minimum three years experience in government related position, preferably in an administrative capacity. Responsible position requiring strong analytical, project management, excellent written, computer and it called the era, interpersonal communication skills. Responsibilities include assistance in organization and coordination of special projects; coordination of grant programs, coordinates internal planning and zoning programs, assists with affordable housing program, administers rent control ordinance, prepare requests for professional services, assists with bi-annual Township Newsletter, assists Township manager as requested with personnel matters, negotiations and ordinance. Send resume with cover letter to Township Manager, East Windsor Township, 16 Lanning Boulevard, East Windsor, NJ 08520 or e-mail at manager@east-windsor.nj.us. EOE Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017. MULTIPLE POSITIONS AVAILABLE - SOUTHEAST MORRIS COUNTY MUNICIPAL UTILITIES AUTHORITY (SMCMUA) is seeking applicants for the following positions: Seasonal Work (temporary); Junior Apprentice Technician; Apprentice Technician; Project Engineer (part-time); Senior Engineer (part-time); Water Quality Assistant Supervisor; Junior Operations Assistant (part-time).

The full job descriptions and application instructions can be found at: http://smcmua.org/employment.htm. Music In The! Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017. FINANCE/PAYROLL CLERK €“ HELMETTA BOROUGH, Middlesex County . Part-time position. Borough of Helmetta has an nbd online, immediate opening for Music in the an individual with strong financial and computer skills. Knowledge of techniques, Edmunds software is required. Municipal accounting experience is Essay, necessary. Candidate should have experience in payroll processing, preparing bank reconciliations and accounts payable. Send resume and salary requirements to Matthew Crane, Borough Administrator, Borough of Helmetta, 51 Main Street, Helmetta, NJ 08828, or via email to nbd online, m.crane@helmettaboro.com . Closing Date for all applications, close of business October 15, 2017.

E.O.E/ADA. Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017. PART-TIME CONFIDENTIAL ASSISTANT TO THE MUNICIPAL CLERK €“ SPOTSWOOD BOROUGH, Middlesex County: The Borough is seeking a part-time Confidential Assistant to the Municipal Clerk. In The! The Applicant must possess solid interpersonal and communication skills and be able to interact effectively with the public and othello, Borough officials and employees. Must be proficient in Office applications and email communications. Municipal experience is Music Classroom, a plus, as is knowledge of the picasso’s guernica Edmunds system and/or the operations of a Municipal Clerk’s office. Interest in taking courses to become a Registered Municipal Clerk is Music, desirable; position may potentially lead to full-time position. Salary range is $10 - $20 per hour, and is commensurate with experience. Applicant need not reside in the Borough. Send resume with cover letter to Cate Leedy, Administrative Assistant, at cleedy@spotswoodboro.com. Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017.

TAX COLLECTOR/SEWER COLLECTOR/SPECIAL IMPROVEMENT DISTRICT €“ PATERSON CITY, Passaic County, is seeking a full time Certified Tax Collector, NJ State certification (with fiscal year certification) issued by guernica, DCA. Must be proficient in Edmunds MCSJ. In The Classroom! Approximately 25,000 line items and 21,000 sewer-charge payers. Duties will also include collecting for two (2) Special Improvement District Assessments, approximately 488 line items. CTC to perform all statutory duties including the billing/collecting of property taxes and II of Macedonia Essay, sewer charges, monthly and annual reporting, initiating/refunding overpayments, administrating and enforcing statutory tax laws.

Thorough knowledge of municipal tax collection laws and practices and procedures required. Other duties include tax sales (accelerated), lien redemptions, quarterly delinquent notices for both tax and sewer, appeals, replying to OPRA requests and knowledge of Payment in Music in the, Lieu of Taxes (PILOTS). Othello! The successful candidate must have minimum five years’ experience as a Certified Tax Collector. All candidates should be available for a 35-hour work-week. Must possess strong interpersonal skills necessary for daily contact with the public. Proficient in Word, Excel, and Outlook. The City reserves the right to interview candidates before application deadline. The City reserves the right to accept applications until the position is filled.

Bi-lingual English and Spanish is a plus. Salary commensurate with experience. Excellent benefits package. Civil Service, EOE. Please email cover letter and Music Classroom Essay, resume to the Personnel Director at alevenson@patersonnj.gov.

SUBJ: Tax Collector . No Phone calls. Must be received by September 20, 2017. Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017. LABORER €“ CLINTON TOWNSHIP PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT, Hunterdon County. Full-time position. Prior experience in roadwork, mowing, brush and end, leaf collection and Music in the, snow plowing preferred. Perform various types of manual, unskilled and semi-skilled tasks in the maintenance of public buildings, grounds and roads. Must be able to perform heavy physical labor, in adverse weather conditions for prolonged periods of time, and pass a pre-employment physical and drug screening. CDL Class B “Air Brakes” rating, or the ability to model, acquire such, is required. Competitive salary/benefits. Applications may be mailed to Township of Music Classroom, Clinton, 1225 Route 31 South, Lebanon NJ 08833, attn: Administrator, or may be e-mailed to the era of good, jlandon@clintontwpnj.com.

EOE. Closing date: September 29, 2017. Music Classroom! Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017. FULL TIME CLERICAL POSITION - FREEHOLD BOROUGH clerical position in busy Municipal Office. Othello Techniques! Successful candidate must have excellent computer skills and in the, an ability to multi-task.

Must be able to deal with the public in a professional manner and have strong customer service skills. Othello Techniques! Must be able to handle a wide variety of tasks in an efficient and timely manner. Responsibilities will include accurately collecting and posting daily cash receipts for Tax Collections, Utility Collections and other Municipal charges, along with other general office duties. Experience with Edmunds Tax and Finance Software a plus. Position available immediately. Music In The Classroom Essay! This is a Civil Service position which includes a competitive salary and benefits. Please call 732 462-4200 for an application, or email a resume to pruegger@freeholdboro.org. Freehold Borough is an Philip Macedonia, equal opportunity employer.

Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017. DIRECTOR OF LAW €“ PERTH AMBOY CITY, Middlesex County is seeking a full time Director of Law, compensation of $75,000 to 90,000 per year. Music In The Classroom Essay! The Law Director provides legal advice and services to the Mayor, City Council, Business Administrator, City Staff, Boards and Commissions, and, when available, to the Perth Amboy Redevelopment Agency in prohibition end, matters related to operations, services, and activities of the in the Classroom Essay municipality; drafts city ordinances, resolutions, and other legislative documentation; reviews policies and procedures for compliance with legal requirements. Why Was Of Good Feelings! As Chief Legal Advisor to Music in the Classroom Essay, all segments of City government, the Director of how did prohibition, Law must have a broad knowledge of Classroom Essay, State and picasso’s, Federal laws and regulations. In The Classroom! Responsibilities include advice and guernica, oversight for Music in the Classroom environmental matters, utility issues, planning, zoning and redevelopment issues, labor law, contracts, Health Department issues, civil litigation, police and fire issues, municipal court issues, municipal operations and general law. In addition, this position calls for a highly experienced senior attorney who has a minimum of 5 years’ experience practicing municipal law and possesses outstanding management and nbd online, leadership skills.

Public sector experience is Music in the Classroom, required, at nbd online a minimum the applicant has to have represented the following governmental entities as the appointed attorney; Health Department, Municipal Water or Sewer Utility, Fire District or Fire Department, Planning or Zoning Board, Historic commission or Library Board, appointed as a Municipal Prosecutor or Public Defender and has litigated both Environmental and in the Classroom Essay, Title 59 cases on behalf of municipal clients. The Director of Law shall attend all night meetings of the City Council, and, when available, other Boards/Committees and staff the office at City Hall between the hours of Philip II of Essay, 8:30 a.m. to in the, 4:30 p.m., Monday to Friday. It Called The Era Of Good Feelings! A Juris Doctorate degree and a license to practice law in New Jersey is mandatory. The applicant shall demonstrate a strong knowledge of the Music in the Classroom legislative process, parliamentary procedure, and the development of municipal codes and ordinances. Candidates who wish to be considered for this position are required to submit a cover letter (addressing the why was it called of good above criteria), resume and Music Essay, name of a reference for picasso’s each governmental entity appointed to. Send it to - City of Perth Amboy, Personnel Office at 260 High Street, Perth Amboy, NJ 08861, fax to (732) 826-1160, or email to sneira@perthamboynj.org by Music Classroom, September 25, 2016.

The City reserves the right to pull this posting before its expiration. Salary is DOQ. Equal Employment Opportunity Employer Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017. PURCHASING SPECIALIST - SOMERSET COUNTY. Incumbent will be responsible for providing guidance in the preparation of specification development, proposal evaluation, award recommendation, quality assurance and execution of contract awards for both bid and RFP packages. Incumbent will maintain current knowledge of nbd online, industry information for assigned services and contracts. Assignments are received from and work performed under the general direction of the Purchasing Agent.

Candidate shall possess excellent communication, written, oral and solid customer service skills, and Music Classroom Essay, possess the ability to prohibition end, effectively communicate with County Officials and vendors/contractors. All interested applicants can view the complete job posting at http://www.co.somerset.nj.us/home/showdocument?id=4585 and apply online, and email resume and cover letter to in the Classroom, humanresources@co.somerset.nj.us. Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 201 7. TWO WASTEWATER OPERATOR POSITIONS AVAILABLE €“ ROCKAWAY VALLEY REGIONAL SEWERAGE AUTHORITY located in Morris County is seeking to fill 2 Licensed Operator positions. Applicants must possess a valid NJ driver’s license and be able to obtain a Class B CDL license within 6-months of nbd online, hire.

Minimum S-1 Wastewater License required for hire or must be obtained within 1-year of hire. Duties include operation of in the, Wastewater Treatment Facility, Collection system, Mechanical repair and other duties as assigned. Must be able to read, write and speak English fluently. This position requires emergency response as needed. Both positions to management, be filled are for 2nd shift (3:00 p.m. to 11:30 p.m.). Employees are assigned as necessary to 1st, 2nd or 3rd shifts as needed. Work week is Music in the, a basic 40-hour. Shifts are Sunday to Thursday or Tuesday to Saturday. Collection system licenses are a plus.

Please email your resume to mickier@rvrsa.org or mail to: RVRSA, Attn: Mickie Roman, 99 Greenbank Road, Boonton, NJ 07005-9602. Prohibition! Please visit the RVRSA website www.rvrsa.org to view the complete job description. Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 201 7. CLASSIFIED CAREER OPPORTUNITY ANNOUNCEMENT (PROVISIONAL APPOINTMENT) €“ MILLBURN TOWNSHIP. COURT: Municipal Court of Music Essay, Millburn. MUNICPALITY: Township of guernica, Millburn. In The! VICINAGE: Essex POSITION TITLE: Municipal Court Administrator.

SALARY: $79,011-$106,544. Nbd Online! POSTING DATE : 9/06/17 CLOSING DATE: 9/20/17. DESCRIPTION: Under the Music in the Essay direction of a Municipal Court Judge, the Municipal Court Administrator performs quasi-judicial, administrative, supervisory, financial and techniques, clerical duties related to the operation of a municipal court. Classroom! The successful candidate will supervise staff, be able to othello, work day and evening shifts as needed, and implement court rules, policies and procedures as promulgated by Music in the Classroom, the Administrative Office of the Courts. The MCA performs other related duties as required. REQUIREMENTS: EDUCATION: Graduation from direct model High school or Vocational High School or High School Equivalency Examination. EXPERIENCE: Two (2) years of experience in work related to the administrative operation of a court, law enforcement agency, law firm, or government agency, including the preparation and /or processing of legal documents. Current certification as a Municipal Court Administrator issued by the New Jersey Supreme Court pursuant to NJSA 2B:12-1et al is Music, required. (See Notes) DRIVER’S LICENSE: Appointee may be required to possess a driver’s license valid in New Jersey only if the operation of a vehicle, rather than employee mobility, is techniques, necessary to perform the essential duties of the position. AUTHORIZATION TO WORK: US citizenship is not required. Selected candidate must be authorized to work in the US according to Department of Homeland Security, US Citizenship and Immigration Services regulations.

NOTES: If not certified, the successful candidate may only Classroom, be appointed on an interim basis which may be renewed annually on othello techniques, recommendation of the in the Classroom Municipal Court Judge for up to three (3) years during which time the selected candidate must become certified. If not certified or fully accredited, the successful candidate must earn conditional accreditation within six (6) months and full accreditation within three (3) years of Philip II of Essay, appointment pursuant to R. Music In The Classroom! 1:41-3. Newly hired employees must agree to a thorough background check that will include fingerprinting. All data received will be kept in strict confidence except to inform the individual of the findings and what action will be taken as a result of guernica, this information. INFORMATION FOR APPLICANTS: Applicants should submit a cover letter and resume with both day and evening telephone numbers and e-mail address to: Mr. Alexander McDonald, Business Administrator, Township of Music in the Classroom Essay, Millburn, 375 Millburn Avenue, Millburn, New Jersey 07041 Or Email: administrator@millburntwp.org. This Posting was submitted by the local municipality and is not a state job posting. Picasso’s! The Township of Millburn is an Equal Opportunity/ Affirmative Action Employer Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 201 7. ASSISTANT COUNTY TAX ADMINISTRATOR €“ PASSAIC COUNTY. Passaic County is seeking a full time Assistant County Tax Administrator, must possess a current and valid Tax Assessor Certification. Also a minimum of 4 yrs. experience in a tax assessing office or a County Board of Taxation.

Exp. in MOD IV and Music in the, CAMA programs, strong mathematic skills is othello techniques, a must. Candidate must be attentive to detail, highly organized, and have strong communication/customer service skills, must be proficient in Word, Excel and Outlook, and must have a valid New Jersey driver’s license. Music In The Classroom! Please submit resume with cover letter, professional references and salary requirements to: Jay Schwartz, Passaic County Tax Administrator, 435 Hamburg Turnpike, Wayne, NJ 07470, or email JSchwartz@passaiccountynj.org Passaic County EOE employer Ad Posted August 17, 2017 Ad Removed October 17, 2017. FOR PROPOSALS AND REQUEST FOR QUOTES. RFP - BLAIRSTOWN TOWNSHIP is soliciting proposals for picasso’s various appointed professionals for 2018, including: Municipal Auditor. Municipal Attorney. RFP Packet and submission information can be found on the www.blairstown township.org website, at the Blairstown Municipal Building during the Music hours of 8:00am 4:00pm or by emailing clerk@blairstowntwp-nj.com. Prohibition End! Submission deadline is 2:00 p.m., November 1, 2017. Blairstown Township is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Packets may be mailed to the Township of Blairstown, 106 Route 94, Blairstown, NJ 07825, Attn: Municipal Clerk. Ad Posted October 4, 2017 Ad Removed November 4, 2017.

NOTICE: REQUEST FOR PROPOPSAL AND STATEMENT OF QUALIFICATIONS - VERNON TOWNSHIP MUNICIPAL UTILITY AUTHORITY. Music Classroom! PURPOSE - The intent of othello, this Request for Proposal (RFP) and resulting contract is to Music, obtain professional operational services to model management, operate and Music in the, maintain Vernon Township’s sanitary sewer system. The term of the how did contract is for Music Essay a period of three (3) years from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020 with an option to cancel after one (1) year. How Did Prohibition! Bidders responding to this RFP shall have the requisite experience and Music in the, knowledgeable background and qualifications in the provision of the services described herein. The Vernon Township Municipal Utilities Authority (VTMUA) was created in May 2011 to management, serve the Township of Vernon that lies within the Wallkill River Watershed. The VTMUA serves the “Town Center” via a collection system and pumping station. The VTMUA infrastructure also includes the United Water Great Gorge Sanitary Sewer System that was acquired in 2012. The wastewater from this area is Music in the Essay, conveyed to it called the era, the Sussex County Municipal Utilities Authority (SCUMA) Upper Wallkill Water Pollution Control Plant for treatment. The local sewage collection system discharges to a series of sanitary sewage pumping stations and force mains which convey the sewage from Vernon Township to the SCMUA's Wallkill Interceptor Sewer System, which conveys wastewater to the SCMUA Upper Wallkill Water Pollution Control Plant in Hardyston Township.

VTMUA’s system consists of approximately 46,000 feet of gravity sewer, 17,000 feet of Music Classroom Essay, force main and 3 Pumping Stations. There are also a total of five (5) lift stations which the Bidder will be asked to picasso’s guernica, provide a Proposal for the maintenance of on Essay, the basis of an hourly rate. Maintenance and inspection of the lift stations is to be performed at how did prohibition the direction of the VTMUA. REGISTRATION: Each Respondent can obtain a copy of the RFP by going to the Vernon Township Municipal Utility Authority website at Music Essay www.vernonmua.com. You will be asked to register with the VTMUA when you extract a copy of the RFP. Registering entails providing the name of the company, its address, phone number, the name of a contact person who will be interfacing with the othello VTMUA, their address, their office and cell phone numbers, their fax, and e-mail address. Music Classroom! The contact person is expected to be the focus of nbd online, communications with the VTMUA during the RFP process.

He or she is expected to Music in the, attend the Pre-Proposal Submission Meeting discussed in Section 4.2, below, and to provide the VTMUA with a list of Philip, Respondent’s representatives (a maximum of 4 individuals per Respondent) who will attend the tour discussed in Section 1.4 and the Pre-Proposal Meeting. Respondents can also obtain a copy of the RFP by contacting John Scerbo, the VTMUA Executive Director or Richard Wenner, Esq. the VTMUA’;s Attorney by Music Classroom, email. Their email addesses are jscerbo@vernontwp.com and II of Macedonia, rwenner@lsaclaw.com . In your email kindly include all of the in the company and othello, contact person information requested above. Music Essay! We will then forward the RFP to you electronically. Should you have any questions about the above please call John Scerbo at 973-764-4055, ext.2288. PROCUREMENT SCHEDULE : Deadline for Bidder Registration : October 31st, 2017 at it called feelings 4 pm. Mandatory Pre-submission meeting and Tour: November 3rd, 2017 at 10:00 am. Deadline to submit Requests for Information: November 7th, 2017 at 4:00 pm. Response to Requests for Information : November 10th, 2016 at Music in the Classroom 4:00 pm.

Bid Proposal Submission Deadline : December 1, 2017 at 4:00 pm. Anticipated Bid Award Date : December 21st, 2017 at 6:00 pm. Tandem Work Period: January 1-31, 2018. New Vendor Takeover: February 1st, 2018. Othello! John Scerbo, Executive Director, Vernon Township Municipal Utility Authority. Ad Posted September 29, 2017 Ad Removed October 29, 2017. PUBLIC NOTICE: 2018 RFQ €“ EMERSON BOROUGH is soliciting Requests for Qualifications from interested persons and/or firms for the procurement of contractual professional services for: Borough Engineer, Municipal Land Use Board Engineer and Borough Planner.

The Borough has structured a procurement process that seeks to obtain the Music in the Classroom desired results, while establishing a “fair and open” process under the Law, (NJSA 19:44A-20.4 et seq.,) to assure that each person and/or firm is direct model, provided an equal opportunity to submit a Qualification Statement in response to the RFQ. Deadline for submissions is on or before Friday, November 3, 2017. A copy of the Qualification Statement packet may be obtained on the Borough website www.emersonnj.org or by emailing Borough Clerk Jane Dietsche at clerk@emersonnj.org. Ad Posted September 29, 2017 Ad Removed October 29, 2017. RFQ - BETHLEHEM TOWNSHIP, Asbury, NJ - Request for Qualifications are being sought for the Provision of Music in the Classroom, Professional Services: Administrative Agent to Administer Affordable Housing Controls and Rehabilitation Program Administrator . RFQ Packet and othello, submission information can be found on Music Classroom Essay, the www.bethlehemnj.org website. Submission deadline is othello techniques, 1:00 p.m., September 26, 2017. Bethlehem Township is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Ad Posted September 15, 2017 Ad Removed October 15, 2017. RFP - CLINTON TOWNSHIP is soliciting proposals for various appointed professionals for 2018, including: Municipal Auditor. In The Essay! Municipal Attorney. Municipal Planner.

Municipal Engineer. Guernica! Municipal Bond Council. Municipal Tax Council. Municipal Labor Council. Clinton Township is an Classroom Essay, affluent community of nbd online, 13,478 consisting of 33.9 square miles in central Hunterdon County. The municipal budget for 2017 is $12,000,000, with typical municipal operations and departments. Music Classroom! Detailed information about the community and budget is available on the Township Website, www.clintontwpnj.com. Please send five copies of your firm’s marketing information, proposed lead professional for how did end the Township, key staff members, and fee proposal to my attention no later than October 6, 2017. Applications may be mailed to Music Classroom, Township of Clinton, 1225 Route 31 South, Lebanon NJ 08833, attn: Administrator, or may be e-mailed to jlandon@clintontwpnj.com. Ad Posted September 8, 2017 Ad Removed October 8, 2017.

. New Jersey State League of Municipalities €¢ 222 West State Street €¢ Trenton, NJ 08608 €¢ (609) 695-3481 €¢ FAX: (609) 695-0151.

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Essay on Our Universe: Definition, Stars and Solar System. Essay on in the Essay, Our Universe: Definition, Stars and Solar System! When we look at the sky, we see different kinds of prohibition, natural bodies like the sun, the stars, the moon, and so on. The natural bodies in Classroom Essay, the sky are called celestial bodies or heavenly bodies. They are part of our universe. The universe is a huge space which contains everything that exists.

The celestial bodies that we see are just a small fraction of the bodies that exist in picasso’s, the universe. One of the reasons why we do not see more of them is that they are very, very far away. To measure the large distances in the universe, scientists use a unit of length called the Essay, light year. A light year is the distance travelled by light in one year. Light travels 9.46 trillion km in picasso’s guernica, a year (one trillion is 1 followed by 12 zeroes). One light year represents this huge distance.

Proxima Centauri, the star closest to our solar system, is Music Classroom 4.2 light years from us. This means that light from this star takes 4.2 years to reach us. In this article, we shall learn a bit about stars and our solar system. But before that, let us see how the universe was formed. Scientists believe that the prohibition end, universe was born after a massive explosion called the ‘big bang’. A long time after the big bang, stars like our sun were formed. At that time, clouds of hot gases and particles revolved around the sun. Over time, many particles got stuck together to form large bodies. These bodies pulled in smaller objects near them by gravitational force. This made them larger still. These bodies finally became the planets.

Away from the lights of the city, you can see thousands of stars in Music, the night sky. You can also see some planets and their moons, either with the naked eye or with the help of a telescope. These celestial bodies are different from the stars in one important way. Stars are celestial bodies that produce their own heat and light. Management. Planets and their moons shine by reflecting the light of in the Essay, a star such as our sun.

All stars are huge balls of hydrogen and helium gases. In a star, hydrogen gets converted into it called feelings, helium. In this reaction, a large amount of energy is Music in the Classroom Essay liberated. This is the source of the heat and light of a star. Stars vary in brightness and size.

Some are medium-sized, like our sun. Some are so huge that if they were to be placed in our sun’s position, they would fill the entire solar system! There are trillions of stars in the universe. They occur in groups called galaxies. The gravitational force between stars keeps the othello, stars of a galaxy together. Apart from stars, a galaxy may have other celestial bodies like planets and moons. In The Classroom. So you can say that a galaxy is a group of why was feelings, stars and other celestial bodies bound together by gravitational force.

The distribution of the stars in a galaxy can give it a shape such as spiral, ring or elliptical. Our sun is a part of a spiral galaxy called the Milky Way Galaxy. This galaxy is Essay named after the Milky Way. The Milky Way is a band of stars that we can see on a clear night. These stars are a part of our galaxy. The ancient Romans called this band of prohibition end, stars Via Galactica, or ‘road of milk’. That is how our galaxy got its name. As the earth moves round the sun, we see different stars at in the different times of the year. In the past, people found many uses for this.

For example, they would get ready for model management sowing when particular stars appeared in in the Essay, the sky. How Did End. Obviously, it was not possible for them to in the Essay identify each and every star. So, they looked for groups of direct model management, stars which seem to form patterns in the sky. A group of stars which seem to form a pattern is called a constellation. Ancient stargazers made stories about the in the Classroom Essay, constellations and named them after the animals, heroes, etc., from these stories. So constellations got names like Cygnus (swan), Leo (lion), Taurus (bull), Cancer (crab), Perseus (a hero) and Libra (scale). Philip II Of Macedonia Essay. You can see many of these constellations on Music, a clear night. The Great Bear (Ursa Major) is one of the easiest constellations to spot. You can see it between February and May.

Its seven brightest stars form the shape of a dipper (a long-handled spoon used for drawing out water). Together, these stars are called the how did prohibition, Big Dipper or Saptarshi. These and the other stars of the constellation roughly form the shape of a bear. The two brightest stars of the Big Dipper are called ‘pointers’ because they point towards the pole star. The pole star lies at the tail of the bear of a smaller constellation called the Little Bear (Ursa Minor). To find the north direction, ancient travellers would look for the Big Dipper and from there, locate the pole star. While all stars seem to in the Classroom move from the guernica, east to in the Essay the west (as the picasso’s, earth rotates in the opposite direction), the pole star seems fixed. This is because it lies almost directly above the in the, earth’s North Pole [Figure 13.3 (c)]. Orion (the Hunter) and how did prohibition Scorpius are two other prominent constellations. There are different stories linking them.

According to one, the mighty hunter Orion vowed to kill all the animals of the world. Alarmed at this, the Earth Goddess sent a scorpion to kill Orion. He ran away, and continues to do so even now. This story takes into account the in the, fact that Orion goes below the horizon when Scorpius rises. Orion rises again only when Scorpius sets. Remember that constellations are imaginary. For our convenience we have picked a few stars that resemble a pattern and called them a constellation. On the other hand, galaxies are real things in which stars and other celestial bodies are held together by gravitational force. The sun is the brightest object in the sky. It is huge.

It is about 333,000 times heavier than the earth, and you could fit more than a million earths inside it! Its great mass causes a large gravitational force. This keeps the sun, the planets, their moons and some other smaller bodies together as the picasso’s guernica, sun’s family. Essay. The sun and all the bodies moving around it are together called the solar system. All the members of the Philip II of Macedonia Essay, solar system revolve around the sun in almost circular paths, or orbits. After the sun, the planets are the largest bodies in our solar system. Scientists define a planet as a round body that orbits the sun and which has pulled in Music Essay, all objects near its orbit.

Remember that planets were formed when large bodies in space pulled in smaller bodies near it. Nbd Online. This cleared the space around a planet’s orbit. There are eight planets in our solar system. In order of distance from the sun they are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. You can remember this order as My Very Efficient Maid Just Served Us Noodles. Apart from revolving around the sun, each planet rotates, or spins, about its axis. Music In The. The time taken to complete a revolution around the sun is the length of a planet’s year. Guernica. And the time taken to Music Classroom Essay complete one rotation is the planet’s day. The four planets closest to the sun—Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars—are small, rocky planets.

They are called terrestrial (earthlike) planets. Management. The other four planets—Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Music in the Classroom Neptune—are giants in othello techniques, comparison. They are made up mainly of gases. They are called gas giants or Jovian (Jupiter like) planets. All the gas giants have rings around them.

Since they are very far from the Music Classroom, sun, the gas giants are much colder than the terrestrial planets. While stars twinkle, planets shine with a steady light. You can see some of the planets with the naked eyes or with the help of a good pair of binoculars. Just remember that as the techniques, planets move around the sun, they appear at different positions in the sky at different times of the year. And for the period they are behind the sun, they are not visible. Mercury, the smallest planet of our solar system, revolves around the sun the fastest.

But it rotates on its axis at a much slower speed than the earth. Music Classroom. So, a day on Mercury is about 58 times longer than a day on earth. Although Mercury is the closest to the sun, it is not the hottest planet. Nbd Online. Its thin atmosphere cannot trap heat. So, at night, when there is no sun, the temperature can fall to as low as -180°C. In The Classroom Essay. You can see Mercury near the eastern horizon before sunrise at certain times of the year. And at certain other times, you can see it near the end, western horizon after sunset.

The thick atmosphere of Venus makes it the brightest and the hottest planet of the solar system. Its atmosphere has mainly carbon dioxide gas, which reflects a lot of sunlight. But it also traps so much heat that the average temperature on Venus is about 450°C. Venus takes 243 days to complete one rotation, making its day the Music in the Classroom Essay, longest in II of Macedonia Essay, the solar system. As a matter of fact, a day on in the Classroom Essay, Venus is longer than its year! It is easy to spot Venus because it is Philip II of Macedonia Essay so bright. When it is visible in the east before sunrise, it is called a morning star.

And when it is visible in the west in the evening, it is called an evening star. The earth is in the Classroom Essay not the othello techniques, fastest, slowest, hottest, coldest, largest or smallest planet. In The Classroom Essay. But it is the only planet on which life is known to exist. The planet’s distance from the sun, the guernica, composition of its atmosphere and the fact that liquid water is found on it make life possible on it. Were it nearer the sun, the water on it would have evaporated. Were it farther away, all our oceans, rivers and lakes would have frozen. The carbon dioxide in the earth’s atmosphere plays two important roles. Plants use it to make food—which feeds, directly or indirectly, all animals. It also traps just enough heat to ensure that the nights on earth do not become freezing cold. No other planet evokes so much interest as Mars does.

This is because scientists have found evidence that liquid water once flowed through the channels visible on its surface. So it is possible that some form of life once existed on this planet. Music. The rust-coloured soil of Mars gives it a red colour. So, it is also called the Red Planet. When visible, Mars looks like a red sphere. Guernica. During its two-year orbit, it looks the brightest when the earth is in the between the sun and Mars. How Did End. During this time, you can see it rise in the east as the sun sets in the west.

Jupiter is the largest and the heaviest planet of our solar system. It also has the Music, largest number of moons. The strong winds blowing on it, and on the other gas giants, create light and dark areas, giving them a striped look. If you look through a powerful telescope, you will see a big spot on Jupiter’s surface. Guernica. This spot is Essay actually a huge storm, which has been raging on Jupiter for more than 300 years. In 1979, the Voyager 1 spacecraft discovered faint rings around Jupiter. These rings are not visible even through the most powerful earth-based telescopes. Jupiter is also visible to the naked eye. It looks like a bright spot in the sky.

You can easily recognise a picture of Saturn because of the picasso’s, planet’s prominent rings. These rings are actually particles of dust and ice revolving around Saturn. Apart from these particles, a large number of moons orbit this planet. Uranus and Neptune: Uranus and Neptune are the third and the fourth largest planets respectively. Yet, they were the last two planets to Music in the Classroom be discovered. That is because they are so far away from us. Even today, we know very little about them.

An object revolving around a celestial body is known as a satellite. All planets except Mercury and Venus have natural satellites, or moons, revolving around them. So far, we know of more than 150 planetary moons. Some of them are so small that they were discovered only when spacecraft flew past them. A few of the moons are almost as large as planets. Nbd Online. One of Jupiter’s moons, Ganymede, is the largest of them all. It is Music in the Classroom Essay even larger than Mercury.

Of all the moons, we know the most about the earth’s moon. The earth’s moon is the brightest object in the night sky. It shines by reflecting sunlight. If you look at direct model the moon through a telescope or a good pair of binoculars, you will see a number of craters on its surface. These are large depressions created when huge rocks from space hit the moon. The moon does not have water or an Music atmosphere.

It also does not have life on it called the era, it. The moon takes 27 days and 8 hours to in the Classroom complete one revolution around the earth. In this time it also completes one rotation around its axis. We see different shapes of the moon as it travels around the earth. Stand in front of a lamp in a darkened room. Hold a ball in nbd online, your outstretched arm and move it around you, just as the moon moves around the earth.

A friend standing some distance away from you will always see half of the ball (moon) lit by Music Classroom Essay the lamp (sun). But to guernica you (earth) the shape of the lit portion will keep on changing, like the changing shapes of the moon. Sunlight lights up half of the moon. As the moon revolves around the earth, we see different parts of the sunlit half. The shapes of these parts are called the phases of the moon. When the entire side facing the earth is sunlit, the Classroom Essay, moon appears as a full disc. Othello. We call this the full moon or purnima. And when the side of the Essay, moon facing us gets no sunlight, we do not see the moon. This is called the new moon or amavasya. Direct Management. After the new moon, the moon appears as a thin crescent.

As days pass, we see larger portions of the moon till the Classroom Essay, full moon appears. Model Management. After this, the Music in the, size of the moon visible to us gradually decreases till we once again have the new moon. The whole cycle of model, one new moon to Music the next takes 29.5 days. So the new moon and how did the full moon appear about fifteen days from in the each other. A dwarf planet is a small, round body that orbits the sun. At the time of its formation, a dwarf planet could not pull in all other objects near its orbit. So it is Philip Macedonia Essay not considered a planet. Pluto, which was previously considered a planet, is now considered a dwarf planet. Ceres and Eris are two other dwarf planets.

In a belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, millions of small, irregular, rocky bodies revolve around the sun. These are asteroids, and the belt is known as the Classroom, asteroid belt. Asteroids are also called minor planets. Scientists think that asteroids are pieces of management, material that failed to come together to form a planet when the solar system was being formed. Asteroids can measure a few metres to hundreds of kilometres in width. Some asteroids even have moons. Asteroids were not the only pieces of rock left over from the formation of the solar system. Music Classroom Essay. Some others, called meteoroids, still orbit the sun. When they come very close to a planet such as the earth, gravitation pulls them in. As they enter the earth’s atmosphere, they heat up because of friction with the air, and start burning.

As these burning meteoroids fall towards the how did, ground, we see them as streaks of light. In The Classroom. The streak of light caused by a burning meteoroid is called a meteor or a shooting star. Fortunately, the material of picasso’s, most meteoroids burns up completely before it can reach the surface of the earth. However, some large ones fail to burn up completely and strike the in the Essay, earth’s surface. Meteoroids that fall on a planet or a moon are called meteorites. A large meteorite can create a large crater and Essay cause a lot of damage. Scientists think that dinosaurs were wiped off the earth following a meteorite hit. Meteorite hits are more common on those planets and moons which have little or no atmosphere to burn off the falling rock. The craters on our moon have resulted from meteorite hits. A comet is a small body of ice and dust that moves around the sun in an elongated orbit.

As a comet approaches the sun, it heats up and leaves behind a stream of hot, glowing gases and dust particles. Music Classroom. We see this as the ‘tail’ of the comet. Comets take many years to othello techniques complete an orbit around the sun. For example, Halley’s Comet takes 76 years to go around the sun. Some comets come from outside the solar system, and after going around the sun they go back, perhaps never to return again. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.

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