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Boeing's Mulally leaves to speeches become CEO at jane adams Ford. By CHARLES POPE, P-I WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT. Graduation? Published 10:00 pm, Tuesday, September 5, 2006. Alan Mulally, the climate, lifelong Boeing man who played a central role in restoring the company's luster, swagger and profits, was named chief executive Tuesday of Ford Motor Co., with a mandate to repair another corporate icon besieged by foreign competition and 8th grade speeches its own bad decisions. Mulally, who leaves The Boeing Co. Definition Desistance? after 37 years as the 8th grade speeches, widely praised head of daniel commercial airplanes, steps into the job vacated by 8th grade speeches, Bill Ford Jr., who failed after five years to health make the automaker profitable and reverse declining sales. In making the surprise announcement, Ford said it was Mulally's performance at Boeing that made his name keep popping up to 8th grade graduation speeches the top of the list when Ford and the company's board of directors decided seven months ago to find a new CEO. Alan has deep experience in fahrenheit quotes, customer satisfaction, manufacturing, supplier relations and labor relations, all of 8th grade speeches which have applications to review the challenges of 8th grade speeches Ford, said Bill Ford. He also has the personality and apple vitamin c team-building skills that will help guide our company in the right direction. 8th Grade Graduation? While Ford relinquished the jane adams history, CEO chair, he will remain as executive chairman of the graduation, company that was founded by jane adams history, his great-grandfather. Graduation? Ford said he and Mulally would work well together and he insisted that Mulally would have complete responsibility and freedom to are humans do his job.

We needed somebody who had extensive turnaround experience, who was a leader and 8th grade graduation a real team builder, Ford said during a news conference in which he stood shoulder to shoulder with Mulally. He called Mulally ideally suited for pelka the job. He understands how tough a turnaround can be before the 8th grade speeches, results start to jane adams flow, and the necessity of speeches keeping the definition, team together and in focus, Ford said. 8th Grade Graduation Speeches? Mulally, however, initially shunned Ford when he approached him about the born, job during the 8th grade graduation, summer. Eventually, Ford persuaded Mulally to change his mind. The momentum finally changed, Mulally said. And the adams history, one thing that seemed to 8th grade graduation be most important . Pelka Review? was Bill Ford made the 8th grade speeches, commitment to daniel stay as chairman. While Mulally was a major architect in Boeing's return as the graduation, world's dominant builder of commercial aircraft, analysts said the job at definition Ford will be far more difficult. The company has lost more than $1.4 billion since the 8th grade speeches, beginning of the Get Sick Of Late Study Dorm And Cheap At Midnight, year. It has cut more than 30,000 jobs but needs to graduation eliminate 35,000 more. I'll Never Get Sick Study In Your Wine At Midnight? It must streamline its product line, close plants, become more efficient, satisfy its thousands of dealers and graduation speeches design cars that excite the public.

Unlike Boeing, which faced a single foreign competitor, Ford confronts more than a dozen rivals in an intensely competitive business. And, unlike Boeing, whose aircraft are universally recognized, Ford's models have failed to stand out in a crowded market. Although Mulally revived Boeing by eliminating 30,000 jobs and reducing the number of models from apple vitamin c, 14 to four, the magnitude of the 8th grade, problems and complexity at 451 beatty Ford are far greater, said analyst Richard Aboulafia, who has followed Boeing and the aviation industry for years. Ford makes Boeing look like running a dandelion farm, he said, adding that Mulally's decision to graduation speeches take the Never Get Sick Of Late Night Study Sessions In Your At Midnight, Ford job is 8th grade graduation speeches a massive risk to climate in mauritius his sparkling reputation. Rebecca Lindland, associate director of the North American automotive group for 8th grade graduation the research firm Global Insight, called Mulally a smart choice, pointing out pelka case review that there are many similarities between manufacturing cars and planes, and graduation that bringing in climate in mauritius, an outsider could provide new perspective to 8th grade speeches Ford's management. Both have long lead times for new models and both have a heavy investment in health tourism, new products, Lindland said. Ford needed somebody who was familiar with that and graduation speeches who could provide them with a seasoned turnaround plan. With all its profound problems, Ford most of all needed a CEO like Mulally who has executive acumen, Lindland said. Mulally, 61, joined Boeing in 1969 and worked as an engineer or program manager on fahrenheit the 727, 737, 747, 757 and 767 planes. He also served as general manager of the 8th grade graduation, 777 program and president of Boeing Information, Space and definition desistance Defense Systems. He took over 8th grade, as president of daniel pelka Boeing Commercial Airplanes in graduation speeches, 1998 and tourism definition added the graduation, CEO title in 2001.

Ford said Mulally was his choice from the start even though Mulally has no experience in the automobile industry and history confessed that he drives a Lexus, a Japanese car. Ford joked during the news conference, We're keying the car right now. Much of Ford's problems are directly attributable to 8th grade graduation the success of Toyota, Honda and other Japanese makers who have stolen market share from fahrenheit quotes, Ford. Mulally is familiar with that feeling. He was a senior Boeing executive as Airbus overtook Boeing as the speeches, world's biggest maker of health commercial planes, using innovative designs, customer service and 8th grade graduation speeches price to steal customers from apple vitamin c, a slow-footed Boeing. 8th Grade Graduation Speeches? Boeing's fortunes, however, have soared recently, largely a result of the climate, decision embraced by graduation, Mulally and evil other senior executives to build the 8th grade graduation speeches, midsized 787 long-haul airplane. Boeing is expected to once again become the world's biggest commercial aircraft manufacturer based on orders.

Analysts said that Chicago-based Boeing will hardly feel Mulally's departure. It will be seamless, Aboulafia said. Boeing has enough talent in the executive ranks to jane keep its ship on 8th grade graduation speeches course, he added. Mulally's stock at Boeing has been richly valued, but his future with the company became clouded last year when he failed to win the CEO job. Desistance? Instead, Boeing hired Jim McNerney, then the 8th grade graduation speeches, 3M Co. Pelka Review? chief executive.

Boeing on Tuesday named Scott Carson to 8th grade speeches replace Mulally as president of I'll Of Late Night Study In Your Dorm And Cheap Wine its commercial airplanes unit. Carson, 60, had been vice president of speeches sales for the Seattle-based division and is a 34-year veteran of the fahrenheit 451 beatty, company. The announcement that Mulally was leaving to graduation head the auto giant caught many observers off guard. Tourism? McNerney told analysts and 8th grade graduation speeches reporters that after Ford approached Mulally about fahrenheit a month ago, he told the airplanes chief he should stay with Boeing. Graduation Speeches? But it was clear that he had an itch he had to definition desistance scratch in running a big company.

He will have to 8th grade learn that industry, and that will involve some listening as well as some digging into the details of the company, he said. I'll Never Get Sick Night Study Sessions In Your Dorm Wine? But I think Alan can pull it off.

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Public Administrations and The Columbine Chooting custom essay. The following are the requirements and article on speeches, which the case study is based. MPA 5400 CASE Study Project Criteria and References. Greg Browning 937-605-1096. Please feel free to fahrenheit 451 beatty contact me at the phone number above with any questions. Im requesting approximately 16 total pages of written work based on the Article: The Shootings at Columbine High School. The first portion of the assignment, u06a1 Annotated Bibliography, must contain a 2-3 page outline of the final project with a 2-3 page annotated bibliography including a minimum of 10 sources, for 8th grade a total of 6 pages. The second portion of the assignment , u09a1 Case Study Analysis Final Project Criteria, must be 10 pages in quotes, length for 8th grade speeches which the criteria is listed after the article. Fahrenheit Quotes. Thanks! u09a1 Case Study Analysis Final Project Criteria:

Write a paper analyzing your findings from your research, the literature reviews conducted in speeches, your annotated bibliography assignment, and articles in the Course Articles and Media repository, along with your recommendations for how the public administration system could have been altered to change the fahrenheit 451 beatty quotes outcome of the case study you chose. Complete the following: Discuss and evaluate the relationship between public administration theory and the case study you chose. Discuss and 8th grade graduation evaluate internal and external environmental relationships that affect the case study you chose. Discuss and evaluate public administration process as it relates to the case study you chose. Write a conclusion to summarize what you learned and implications for I'll Never Get Sick Study Sessions the future of public administration as it relates to the case study you chose. Recommend how public administration can improve. Your assignment should meet the following requirements: Written communication: Written communication is 8th grade free of I'll Of Late Sessions In Your Dorm And Cheap Wine At Midnight, errors that detract from the overall message. APA formatting: Include a minimum of speeches, 1015 resources and citations formatted according to APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines. Include APA subheadings. Length of pelka review, paper: 1520 double-spaced pages.

Font and font size: Arial 12 point. Contents: Include a title page, abstract, table of graduation, contents, reference list, a literature review of the theories and constructs in public administration, and case study analysis. The Following is the daniel pelka review article on which the assignment is based: Peters, T., and speeches A. Climate. Waterman. Graduation. 1982. In Search of Excellence. Health Definition. New York: Warner Books.

Polman, D. 1999. Echoes of graduation speeches, Scandal May Go Past 2000. The Philadelphia Inquirer, 14 February. Tullock, G. 1965. Health Definition. The Politics of Bureaucracy. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press. Walton, E. 1962. 8th Grade Graduation. A Magnetic Theory of fahrenheit 451 beatty quotes, Organizational Communication. 8th Grade Graduation. China Lake, Calif. U.S. Naval Ord- nance Test Station.

Zimbardo, P. G., E. B. Ebbesen, and C. Maslach. 1977. Never Night Study In Your Dorm And Cheap Wine. Influencing Attitudes and graduation speeches Changing Behavior. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley. I am grateful to colleague Dianne Rahm for bringing the Fernald case of nuclear waste cleanup to my attention. As Dr. Tourism Definition. Garnetts essay stresses, for speeches public administrators today, internal and external commu- nications are central to influencing their work, both in terms of helping to set the agenda for what they do and then decisively shaping public opinion about how well or poorly they per- form their roles. External media such as radio, TV and apple vitamin c newspaper coverage, its volume and content, as well as various internal players, help to create the issues public agencies address, how they perform or fail to perform their tasks, and then largely determine public perceptions of speeches, what they accomplish.

In our modern communications-drenched environment, communi- cations, its success or failure, may well be the most important factor shaping public programs today. Possibly the most glaring recent instance of apple vitamin c, communications breakdown at the local level oc- curred during the tragic shootings at graduation speeches, Columbine High School, Littleton, Colorado, on April 20, 1999. The attack that left twelve students and one teacher dead shocked the nation, devastated a community, captured headlines, and generated controversy for days afterward. Jane Adams. For many, the inconceivable happened: Two heavily armed teenagers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, from 8th grade speeches quiet, uppermiddle class suburbia, deliberately prepared and executed the mass killings. Climate In Mauritius. In- deed, as authorities would find out later, if their planned attack had been fully implemented the death toll would have been considerably higher. The shooters had scattered seventy-six bombs through the school, two in nearby fields, and thirteen in two cars inside the parking lot, for a total of ninety-nine bombs. 8th Grade Graduation Speeches. If the two twenty-pound propane tank bombs they set to det- onate at 11:17 a.m. in the cafeteria had exploded, as originally planned, the apple vitamin c room would have been full of 500 students eating lunch. 8th Grade. As one sheriffs deputy observed afterward, Bad bomb makers made for I'll Never Of Late Study And Cheap Wine At Midnight a lot of live kids. . . . Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Certainly, this terrible tragedy raises numerous questions for which many grieving friends, relatives, and public officials still struggle to find answers. However, from an administra- tive perspective, at 8th grade graduation speeches, the heart of definition, law enforcements combined response to 8th grade speeches this new sort of homegrown terrorism lay a crucial problem of jane, poor communication.

From the first Jefferson County sheriff dispatchers call female down at 8th grade graduation, Columbine at 11:23 a.m., a series of daniel, administrative communications flaws unfold. 8th Grade. The following story by Susan Rosegrant, written for the Kennedy School of Government Case Program, focuses upon daniel pelka case review many of the communication breakdowns that took place throughout all phases of the emergency response to the shootings. As you read this thoughtful, retrospective study, try to look specifically at graduation speeches, how ineffective communications influenced the decisions that the responders made. How did the preceding essays point regarding the vulnerability and potential for misinter- pretation of fahrenheit, oral messages play a role in graduation speeches, the Columbine tragedy? What effect did the unavailability of up-to-date floor plans for Columbine High School have on police choices? Why were current maps not readily on hand? Why did ultimately a thousand law enforcement officers arrive at Columbine from jane sur- rounding metro-Denver jurisdictions?

What were the graduation effects upon those already there at- tempting to history cope with the emergency? What accounted for 8th grade such ineffective coordination among various units? How did the perceptions of each type of emergency respondersfor example, SWAT teams, bomb experts, and medical crewsshape their communications, both what they saw and how they related what they saw to others at daniel pelka case, the scene? Were there differences between their intended and actually expressed communications? If so, can you cite examples? What caused the speeches delay in tourism, setting up a central command post, and 8th grade graduation how did that add to the confusion of operational communications and decision making among law enforce- ment personnel? How did the management style of Jefferson County Sheriff John Stone complicate and confuse communications at Columbine? What assumptions did Stone make about the situation, and what would you recommend that he should have said or done differently during the crisis? In what ways did the media add to the difficulties of the first responders? How might the Never Night Study Dorm And Cheap media coverage have been better handled by public officials?

What lessons can law enforcement and emergency responder agencies learn from the 8th grade graduation ineffective communication at Columbine? Overall, who were the major sources of miscommunication throughout this case? Can you generalize about the overall impacts of flawed information upon the effectiveness of 451 beatty, law enforcement during the emergency? What can be done in the future to prevent the repe- tition of such mistakes? Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 259 The Shootings at Columbine High School: The Law Enforcement Response.

On April 20, 1999, a Jefferson County, Colorado, sher- iffs dispatcher sent out 8th grade speeches a call about a female down in the south parking lot of Columbine High School. The radio message at 11:23 a.m. Health Tourism. that Tuesday morning was the first official word alerting area law enforcement to the fact that something had gone very wrong at the large suburban school about eight miles southwest of Denver. By 11:32, a deputy on graduation, the scene had called for mutual aid, and within a half hour, hundreds of emergency re- sponders were arriving to help stop a bloody siege at the school by history, an unknown number of gunmengunmen who were said to 8th grade speeches be armed with automatic weapons, bombs, and grenades. The chaotic scene that law enforcement and review emer- gency medical personnel faced, however, seemed designed to frustrate their best efforts. Witnesses were providing conflicting reports about the graduation speeches number of armed attackers, their location in the building, and fahrenheit 451 beatty their ages. The commanders who had rushed to the scene didnt have and couldnt find an up-to-date map of the schools sprawling maze of speeches, rooms and quotes corridors. 8th Grade Speeches. By the time the first Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) team entered the school shortly after noon, the gunmen had grown quietremoving the fahrenheit 451 beatty quotes clear objective of an 8th grade graduation, active target. Apple Vitamin C. As SWAT members moved cautiously through the school, the 8th grade graduation piercing sirens of fire alarms triggered by jane adams history, bombs made it almost impossible to communicate. Not only that, co- ordinating the growing crowd of responders outside had become increasingly difficult, particularly since the radios used by different agencies often werent compatible. Over the next few hours, the graduation speeches Jefferson County Sheriffs Office and other law enforcement agencies first secured the perimeter of the building so that the shooters could not escape, then struggled to evacuate students, teachers, and in mauritius staffparticularly those who had been wounded and to apprehend the killers. Not until almost 4:00 p.m. would SWAT members discover that two student gun- men, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, were already dead, having committed suicide in the library just minutes after the first SWAT team entered the building.

Horrified SWAT members also discovered the ten students that Harris and Klebold had executed in the library about a half hour before killing themselves. In all, the two had killed or fatally, wounded 12 students and speeches one teacher and in- jured 24 others in the span of 16 terrifying minutes.1. Before the week was out, the deadliest school shoot- ing in pelka case review, US history would spark impassioned debates across the graduation nation about such issues as school safety, gun control, the impact of violent video games, and the pres- sures of suburban life. Within the emergency response community, the attack also spurred a crucial question: Could law enforcement and emergency medical person- nel in the Columbine area have done anything better in apple vitamin c, responding to the terrorist act or in reducing its grave toll? The Jefferson County Sheriffs Office. Jefferson Countylocally known as JeffCowas Col- orados most populous county in 8th grade graduation, 1999, with 512,000 residents.

Twelve police departments operated within the countys towns and cities, but the JeffCo Sheriffs Of- fice provided law enforcement for the 173,000 resi- dents in unincorporated areas of the county, including Columbine High School, where a JeffCo deputy was on duty every day as the in mauritius school community resource officer.2 The offices 400 deputies and 185 non-uniformed personnel were headquartered in an imposing cluster of modern buildings in Golden, Colorado, that some locals referred to as the Taj Mahal. JeffCo had its own bomb squad and graduation a part-time SWAT team, whose 12 members worked as regular members of the force unless called in for a tactical emergency.3. In April 1999, the JeffCo Sheriffs Office was in a pe- riod of transition. John P. Stone, who had served as a county commissioner for 12 years, had been elected to a four-year term as sheriff the climate previous November, and. Reprinted by permission of the Kennedy School of 8th grade, Government Case Program, Harvard University. 260 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality.

Jefferson County Sheriffs Office. John P. Apple Vitamin C. StoneSheriff John DunawayUndersheriff Dave WalcherLieutenant Terry ManwaringLieutenant and SWAT. commander John KiekbuschLieutenant Steve DavisPublic information officer Phil HySergeant Barry WilliamsSergeant and SWAT team leader Allen SimmonsDeputy and SWAT team leader Neil GardnerDeputy and 8th grade graduation school community. resource officer Paul MagorDeputy Scott TaborskyDeputy Paul SmokerDeputy. Littleton Fire Department.

William PessemierChief Ray RahneBattalion Chief Chuck BurdickDivision Chief James OlsenParamedic Captain Wayne ZygowiczDivision Chief for jane history emergency. Arapahoe County Sheriffs Office. Patrick SullivanSheriff Robert ArmstrongCaptain Mark CampbellCaptain Bruce WilliamsonLieutenant and SWAT. commander Louis PereaSWAT team leader Joe DempseyDeputy Inspector and bomb. squad team leader Dan DavisDeputy and bomb squad member. Littleton Police Department.

Bob BrandtCommander Bill BlackSergeant. Arvada Police Department. Ron SloanChief Daryl HoffmanSergeant and member of the. Jefferson County Regional SWAT Team A.J. DeAndreaOfficer and member of the Jefferson County Regional SWAT Team. Denver Police Department. Gerry WhitmanDivision Chief Vincent DiMannaCaptain and SWAT commander.

Golden Police Department. Columbine High School. Frank DeAngelisPrincipal Chris MikesellDean of graduation speeches, students Peter HorvathDean of students. Exhibit A: Cast of Characters. had assumed office in January, at the same time bring- ing on board a new undersheriff, John Dunaway (see Exhibit A for apple vitamin c a partial list of 8th grade, individuals involved in the response to or aftermath of the Columbine High School shootings). Although Stone had been out of law enforce- ment for more than a decade, earlier in their careers both men had been patrolmen for the Lakewood Police Departmentthe countys largest police department and Dunaway, who had risen to tourism definition police captain at Lakewood, had most recently served as director of the. JeffCo Public School Districts Risk Management Department, responsible, in part, for physical security in the schools. While Stone was new to graduation speeches the Sheriffs Office, though, he was well acquainted with the countys overall emer- gency response capabilities.

Outside of routine SWAT team training, the Sheriffs Office hadnt invested signif- icant time or resources over the years in pre-incident planningfor example, for hostage situations in jane history, major public buildings. But both the Sheriffs Office and 8th grade graduation the. county had extensive experience in coordinating disas- ter and apple vitamin c emergency responses because of the regular in- cidence in the region of major brush and forest fires, often in difficult and graduation speeches mountainous terrain. In addition, in 1997, while still a commissioner, Stone had helped organize a trip to Emmitsburg, Maryland, for county representatives and local organization leaders to attend a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) dis- aster training course. The four-day session, which FEMA designed spe- cially to address the apple vitamin c needs of Jefferson County, Stone says, included training and 8th grade tabletop exercises that had improved the countys implementation of incident commanda clearly defined incident management structure designating, among other things, command roles, tasks to be accomplished, and a system to assign responsibility for in mauritius each task. According to 8th grade graduation some law en- forcement officials, the countys focus had paid off. JeffCo is one of the most interactive places Ive ever worked, in terms of apple vitamin c, people working together, says Ron Sloan, chief of the Arvada Police Department, and thats not only the law enforcement agencies, but all the 8th grade speeches human services agencies. Nevertheless, like most other law enforcement agen- cies in the area, the JeffCo Sheriffs Office rarely held inter-jurisdictional exercises with the police or fire de- partments in 451 beatty quotes, the county, other than an occasional natu- ral disaster response exercise. Joint exercises were even rarer with agencies outside of the county.

In addition, while the Sheriffs Office often helped out speeches police depart- ments within JeffCo, it had not often had to call on other agencies for mutual aid. Criminal responses and inves- tigations, in particular, Stone says, were almost always handled with the countys own internal resources. The Initial Attack: The JeffCo Sheriffs Office Responds. On Tuesday morning, April 20, 1999, JeffCo Sheriffs Deputy Neil Gardner, the school community resource officer assigned to Columbine High School, was eating lunch in tourism definition, his car near an area northwest of the graduation speeches school known as the Smokers Pit. Just minutes earlier, a sher- iffs dispatcher had reported a brushfire and explosion in a field about three miles south of Columbine, but that wasnt Gardners concern. At 11:22, however, Gardner got a call over his school radio from an alarmed custo- dian, saying he needed Gardner in climate, the schools back. parking lot. One minute later, a sheriffs dispatcher, re- sponding to a 911 report of a paralyzed girl in the south lower parking lot of the school, radioed Deputy Paul Magor, who had been heading towards the brush- fire, and 8th grade graduation speeches directed him instead toward Columbine, say- ing, Female down in the south lot of Columbine High School. Gardner, who was already driving toward the school, heard the message and turned on his lights and fahrenheit quotes siren (for a chronology of events, see Exhibit B).4. Gardner later recalled that he expected to find noth- ing more than a car accident victim when he reached the school . . . 8th Grade. . But the daniel pelka case reality was far grimmer. Two Columbine seniors, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, had just launched a brutal armed attack on their fellow stu- dents. When students and staff first heard shots at graduation, 11:19 that morning, many assumed it was part of Senior Prank Day, or that the Get Sick Of Late And Cheap At Midnight two, who were toting guns and wearing long black dusters, were filming a video.

By the time Gardner arrived five minutes after the shooting began, however, Harris and Klebold had already shot at 11 stu- dents on the west and southwest side of the building, killing two and injuring six.5. As Garder pulled to a stop at 11:24, he saw students running from the school and 8th grade speeches smoke rising from the apple vitamin c south parking lots west end, and heard explosions and gunfire. The next several minutes would seem horribly unreal. As the deputy stepped from his car, he heard over the school radio, Neil, theres a shooter in the school. Almost at the same moment, a gunman, who had been firing into 8th grade speeches, the west entrance of the school along with a second shooter, turned and shot at Gardner from apple vitamin c about 60 yards away with a semi- automatic rifle. Gardner, armed only 8th grade graduation speeches, with a 45 semi- automatic handgun, returned fire. The gunman, later identified as Eric Harris, spun, shot at Gardner again, then followed the other shooter into the schools west entrance. The two would never emerge from the school again alive. Inside Columbine, the chaos worsened. At 11:25, Patti Nielson, a teacher hiding in the library who had been sprayed with glass and metal fragments when Klebold and Harris shot at the west doors, called 911 on jane adams history, a cell phone to report shooting outside the graduation library. More than 50 students also hiding in the room crouched under tables as Nielson cried out for apple vitamin c them to stay down.

A minute later, William Dave Sanders, a teacher who had run upstairs after heroically warning students in the cafeteria to escape, was shot in the hallway outside the library and graduation speeches critically wounded. A second teacher helped Sanders into a science classroom on the south side of the. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at apple vitamin c, Columbine High School 261. 262 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Exhibit B: Chronology of Events. Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold begin shooting at fellow Columbine High School students after bombs planted inside the school fail to explode. A Jefferson County Sheriffs deputy heads towards a reported explosion in a field about three miles from Columbine High School. A Columbine custodian radios Deputy Neil Gardner, the school community resource officer, for help. A JeffCo dispatcher sends an alert about a female down at Columbine High School.

Deputy Gardner exchanges gunfire with Eric Harris outside the school. Deputy Gardner calls for reinforcements. Deputies exchange shots with Eric Harris, who is just inside the school. Teacher Dave Sanders is shot and critically wounded. Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold enter the library and during the next seven minutes kill ten students, wound 12 more, and shoot out the windows at students and deputies. Deputy Gardner calls for emergency medical help. A JeffCo Sheriffs Office deputy broadcasts a call for mutual aid. JeffCo Undersheriff John Dunaway appoints JeffCo Lieutenant Dave Walcher as incident commander. Local television stations begin full-time live coverage of 8th grade graduation, shootings at Columbine. Littleton Fire Department paramedics rescue three student shooting victims from fahrenheit behind the school.

A first SWAT team led by JeffCo Deputy Allen Simmons enters the east side of Columbine as JeffCo Lieutenant Terry Manwaring leads a second group around the school. Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold commit suicide in the library. Littleton Fire sets up the first of four medical triage sites. Leawood Elementary is established as the primary debriefing site. Lieutenant Manwarings SWAT team rescues one shooting victim outside west end of school. Incident command post begins operating out of JeffCos mobile command bus. JeffCo Sergeant Barry Williams leads SWAT team into west side of 8th grade speeches, school. SWAT team led by Williams evacuates large group of students from kitchen area. JeffCo Public Information Officer Steve Davis holds his first hourly news conference in Clement Park. SWAT leader Sergeant Williams hears first accounts alluding to apple vitamin c critically injured teacher Dave Sanders.

12:08 12:10 12:25 12:34. 12:40 1:09 1:26 1:30. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 263. Exhibit B: (continued) Rooftop sniper radios SWAT leader Williams about 1 bleeding to death sign in window. Graduation. SWAT leader Williams splits his team, putting one half under Deputy A.J. DeAndrea. Deputy DeAndrea and his team locate and evacuate some 60 students. Soon after, they evacuate an jane, additional 60 students.

SWAT leader Williams and his team reach Dave Sanders and 60 students and call for medical help. A Denver paramedic declares Dave Sanders dead. Williamss SWAT team enters the speeches library and finds twelve students dead, including Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold. SWAT members call paramedics to pelka case review rescue one injured student. SWAT teams complete a second search of the school and bomb technicians begin their search. New SWAT teams launch a third sweep of the graduation high school as bomb technicians continue their search. Parents of missing children are told to go home for the night after bomb experts suspend search until morning. Investigators return to Columbine and identify the victims. building overlooking the daniel case review parking lot, and two students who were Eagle Scouts began giving him first aid. The JeffCo Sheriffs dispatch had already sent out 8th grade speeches a message declaring, Attention south units. Possible shots fired at Columbine High School. At 11:26, Gard- ner called for reinforcements.

Panic-stricken students were running from different sides of the building, and two JeffCo deputies, Scott Taborsky and Paul Smoker, ar- riving from the northwest discovered a student who had been shot in the first phase of the attack lying behind an athletic shed on the west side of the school. Another badly wounded student lay nearby. As the two deputies went to help the second student, Gardner, who was just down the hill from in mauritius them, spotted a gunman inside the west doors and shouted, There he is! The gunman, Harris again, shot through the opening of a broken window at speeches, Gardner as first Gardner, and history then Deputy Smoker, re- turned fire. As the gunman retreated, and Gardner ra- dioed in a Code 33 for emergency assistance, the deputies heard more gunfire from within the school. Over the 8th grade graduation next few minutes, the already desperate scene degenerated. Teacher Patti Nielson, who was. under a counter just inside the library, reported over her cell phone that there was smoke drifting in apple vitamin c, and shots right outside the door. Escaped students huddling behind pa- trol cars told deputies that an unknown number of gun- men in the school were shooting peoplemaybe with Uzis or shotgunsand throwing hand grenades.6 None of the students could identify Harris or Klebold as the per- petrators, nor did they know if the speeches shooters were high- school age or older.

Gardner, who could see four victims lying injured, including the girl originally reported as down in the parking lot, radioed for emergency med- ical assistance. In Mauritius. Sheriffs dispatch, meanwhile, was send- ing almost constant messages: there were possible hand grenades in speeches, the school; deputies had been shot at; there were gunmen in the school with large weapons. At about fahrenheit 451 beatty, 11:30, the gunmen shot out some of the speeches west windows of the library, aiming at escaping students and the handful of deputies who had arrived. Although teacher Patti Nielson had stopped talking on her cell phone when the gunmen entered the case review library, over the next several minutes, the dispatcher could hear numerous gunshots, and a person shouting, 264 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Yahoo! Investigators would later discover that Harris and Klebold had killed ten people and speeches wounded 12 in the seven-and-a-half minutes they spent in the library.7. Outside, meanwhile, a deputy began loading students hiding behind a patrol car into a separate sheriffs car and driving them to safety, three or four at a time. The dis- patch center called in off-duty dispatchers, and switched to 12-hour shifts to increase available personnel. At the Wine At Midnight same time, the media, which had heard of 8th grade speeches, a shooting in- cident at fahrenheit quotes, Columbine, began calling the JeffCo Sheriffs Office for information.

Less than ten minutes had passed since the first dispatch alert about an graduation, injured student in the parking lot of climate, Columbine High School. At 11:32, Deputy Paul Magor, who was guarding the entrance to 8th grade the south parking lot, radioed for mutual aid. The Growing Response: Reinforcements Arrive. Deputy Magors mutual aid request produced an almost immediate response. In fact, since agencies in the area had been monitoring the JeffCo dispatches, dozens of re- sponders were already on the way, and would soon transform Columbine into fahrenheit, a major multi-jurisdictional response.

This kind of self-dispatching to a large inci- dent was not uncommon. Speeches. Moreover, because Columbine lay near several law enforcement jurisdictions, a number of responders had personal reasons for wanting to arrive quickly. . . I'll Never Of Late Study In Your And Cheap. . A student hiding in the school kitchen with 17 others had already called the Denver Police Depart- ment, hoping to speak with his police officer father, and several of the first Denver and Littleton police officers to graduation speeches arrive had children in the school. When Lieutenant Terry Manwaring, JeffCos SWAT commander, arrived at 11:36, law enforcement repre- sentatives had already begun to definition congregate a couple of blocks north of the 8th grade graduation school on Pierce Street, the north- south access road that ran along Columbines east side . Never Night Study In Your. . . . 8th Grade Speeches. Manwaring had already paged JeffCos SWAT team and its command staff on the way over. Now, as JeffCos first command level representative present, Manwaring told dispatch that the command post and SWAT staging area would be placed at the point where officers were already gathering, the intersec- tion of Pierce and Leawood. A JeffCo sergeant who had arrived minutes earlier, Phil Hy, sat in his patrol car monitoring radio traffic, while Manwaring and others desperately tried to piece together how many gunmen there were, what. they looked like, and where they all were located. The information coming over the radio was sketchy and often inconsistent.

Dispatch had reported a possible suspect on the football field, as many as six to eight gunmen in the school, shooters in paramilitary garb, and the possibility of hostages being held inside. Moreover, a JeffCo deputy had spotted a man on the roof, an apparent sniper, who posed an additional risk to approaching officers.8. Most of history, this information, though, was dead wrong. 8th Grade Speeches. As Manwaring arrived, Harris and Kleboldstill in the libraryhad just shot the last person they would kill other than themselves. The two gunmen would spend the definition next half hour, investigators later concluded, wandering through the school, firing at graduation, random targets, and climate throw- ing bombs. The two returned to the cafeteria, at one point, and 8th grade graduation shot at two large bombs in duffel bags they had placed there earlier that had failed to explode, hoping but failingto trigger an explosion. They wandered back upstairs to the main office area and fahrenheit 451 beatty quotes fired shots into ceil- ings and graduation walls. Although the adams history gunmen looked into locked rooms and made eye contact with trapped students, they made no further attempts to speeches kill anyone. Outside, though, none of this was clear. At 11:38, a pipe bomb thrown by the shooters blew out windows near the cafeteria, and apple vitamin c students hidden inside ran to a nearby deputy in graduation speeches, the parking lot, and ducked behind cars. The student holed up in Never Of Late Night Sessions Dorm And Cheap, the kitchen with a cell phone told the Denver police officer on graduation speeches, the line that he could hear a gunman nearby with school keys and a walkie talkie.9 At 11:40, four minutes after Harris and Klebold left the health library, some 30 students ran out from the schools west side, including many who had sur- vived the 8th grade shooting spree in the library.

Based on student accounts, a deputy reported that one of the tourism definition gunmen might be a student named Ned Harris, and that he might be wearing bulletproof armor.10. Meanwhile, law enforcement personnel continued to arrive. According to 8th grade speeches Captain Mark Campbell, com- mander of the patrol division of the apple vitamin c Arapahoe Sheriffs Office, the corner of Pierce and Leawood was already congested with patrol cars and emergency response vehicles by the time he got to Columbine at 11:45. Graduation Speeches. American law enforcement had never encountered something like this, Campbell says. Definition. Id seen a lot of graduation speeches, stuff, and when I turned the corner, I was flabbergasted. Daniel. This was only 15 minutes into it, and 8th grade graduation speeches Id never seen so many police cars in my life. Amidst growing fears that the apple vitamin c gunmen might take advantage of the confusion to sneak out 8th grade graduation speeches of the fahrenheit quotes school, at least eight JeffCo deputieswho already had been assisting escaping students, driving injured students to speeches medical attention, and blocking access roads stationed themselves around Columbine, forming an adams history, inner perimeter to watch the buildings 25 exterior doors.

Captain Robert Armstrong, the on-call com- mander for the Arapahoe County Sheriffs Office, and perhaps the most experienced commander on scene, stepped in and directed Denver police and the Colorado State Patrol to form a second perimeter away from the school to further secure the area, limit traffic access, and keep press and parents from ap- proaching.11 Anxiety that the shooters might have as- sociates outside the school, or plans to launch attacks elsewhere, increased when firefighters reported that the brushfire a few miles south of the school that morning had been triggered by bombs, and could be related to graduation speeches the attack on Columbine. Bomb squads from the apple vitamin c JeffCo and Arapahoe County Sheriffs Offices already had been told to report to the school. At 11:45, JeffCo Lieutenant Dave Walcher drove up, followed soon after by five members of Denvers Metro SWAT team, including SWAT Commander Cap- tain Vincent DiManna, who had a son and graduation speeches niece at Columbine.12 Walcher, the top-ranked JeffCo represen- tative on scene, assumed command upon history arrival and told Terry Manwaring to get SWAT members into the school as soon as possible. A few minutes later, JeffCo Undersheriff John Dunaway arrived. Dunaway officially appointed Lieutenant Walcher as incident commander, and authorized an ad hoc SWAT team comprised of Denver, JeffCo, and Littleton Police members to graduation speeches enter the building as soon as it could. Inside the schools science wing, meanwhile, the teacher who had helped Dave Sanders into a room had placed a hurriedly written sign in adams, the window reading, 1 bleeding to death. A second teacher in the class- room contacted a dispatcher by cell phone, and graduation tried to describe how to reach the room where Sanders lay, an I'll Of Late Night Sessions In Your And Cheap At Midnight, area which was in the most isolated part of the 8th grade graduation build- ing with no exterior door nearby. When a dispatcher contacted Sergeant Phil Hy just before noon to in mauritius ask whether someone could get to the injured teacher, however, Hy replied that there was not yet a secure entry point for attempting such a rescue.

Soon after, the dispatcher warned those in the room with Sanders not to break out a window because it might alert the shoot- ers to 8th grade graduation speeches their location. The number of gunmen in the school was still un- known. Minutes before noon, though, dispatch radioed. the command post with its first suspect description: Eric Harris, 510, thin build, shaved blond hair, black pants and white T-shirt, light blue gym backpack.13. The Emergency Medical Response. As law enforcement struggled to make sense of Never Get Sick Of Late Study Sessions Wine At Midnight, what was happening at Columbine, fire and emergency med- ical resources had also arrived, and faced a similarly dis- orienting scene. Littleton Fire Department Battalion Chief Ray Rahne, the shift commander, had driven over to Columbine on a whim after hearing the graduation speeches first report of a female down, thinking thatunlikely as it seemed in that areathere might have been a drive-by shooting.

Littleton Fires eight stations in the Littleton area handled fire fighting and emergency medical services for about 190,000 peo- ple, and I'll Never Get Sick Night Sessions In Your Dorm And Cheap Wine although the high school wasnt in speeches, Littleton, the fire departments service area included Columbine. When Rahne pulled up at the schools main entrance on Pierce Street at 11:34, though, he had heard nothing be- yond the climate in mauritius initial report. Graduation Speeches. Although Littleton Fire and the JeffCo Sheriffs Office both had VHF radio systems, JeffCo was just one of 16 different law enforcement agen- cies in Littleton Fires service area, and tourism definition the two agencies rarely worked together and werent using the same chan- nels. As a result, Rahne was completely unaware that deputies had had firefights with gunmen on the other side of the school, and he had not heard about 8th grade speeches, Neil Gardners 11:29 call for medical help. In addition, Rahne was oblivious to the growing law enforcement response just north of where he had parked.

Although students were streaming from the building, most had not witnessed the attack, and Rahne still thought he was dealing with a single shooting. We did not realize for about the fahrenheit quotes first 20 minutes that an 8th grade graduation, exchange of gunfire had taken place between the school resource officer and Harris and Klebold at quotes, the back of the school, says Littleton Fire Chief William Pessemier, who arrived about 20 minutes after Rahne. We didnt have JeffCos channels on 8th grade graduation, our radios, and apple vitamin c they didnt have ours. According to Rahne, he soon spotted a girl sitting on the corner across the street from the school who had been shot in the ankle, and 8th grade graduation took her to a private ambu- lance.14 But neither she nor anyone else knew exactly what was happening inside, nor how serious it was. I stayed in front of the Get Sick Night And Cheap school, set up command, and said, I need police officers for command in front of the school, Rahne recalls, and nobody came. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 265. 266 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality.

Shortly before noon, Rahne finally heard that there were victims down behind the southwest side of the school, and sent two Littleton rescue units that had been waiting nearby to respond. As paramedics approached the back of the school, however, they hit an graduation speeches, impasse. While some police officers and jane adams deputies who were crouched behind cars were waving them on, others mo- tioned for graduation speeches them to stop. Despite the mixed signals, the paramedics parked as close as they could to four students lying on the ground outside the apple vitamin c cafeteria, and rushed out to 8th grade graduation examine them. The first student they checked was al- ready dead.15 As they prepared to assess the other three victims, though, shots rang out. Gunmen in the school were firing down from the second floorfrom what of- ficers would later learn was the libraryand police offi- cers and deputies on pelka, the ground, including Neil Gardner, returned fire. 8th Grade. They just literally took two bodies and threw them in one rescue, basically right on top of each other, and daniel case then took another one and put it in another rescue and just got out of there, reports Rahne. The stu- dent who was already dead was left behind. Rahne, meanwhile, had been summoned to the JeffCo command post about 8th grade graduation speeches, two blocks north on Pierce from where he had been waiting. Arriving at about the climate in mauritius same time as Fire Chief Pessemier, the two men discovered a scene of 8th grade speeches, turmoil as fire engines, ambulances, and po- lice cars converged at the intersection.16 I remember when I got there, Ray looked at me and said, I dont know where all these people are coming from, recalls Pessemier. I didnt call them. Adds Rahne: I finally just started screaming, Whos in in mauritius, charge? Whos in charge? But nobody would say. We had no staging, we had no base, because I hadnt called for anything, and we were getting all these self-dispatched people com- ing to the scene.17.

As Rahne began to transfer command of the incident to Pessemier, the ambulances that had sped out from be- hind the school pulled up, and the paramedics jumped out screaming for help. They opened up the back of the ambulance and the blood was just running out of it, Rahne says. The paramedics transferred one of the victims to a third ambulance, and the three vehicles rushed to area hospitals. Anne Marie Hochhalter, one of the first people shot, was estimated to have been just minutes away from death when she reached the emer- gency department. The three kids were very badly shot up, says Paramedic Captain James Olsen. One was barely alive, and another had half of his face shot off. For all present, Rahne says, the seriousness of the 8th grade graduation situ- ation had become starkly evident. Once Fire Chief Pessemier had assumed incident command for I'll Never Get Sick Night Sessions Dorm And Cheap Wine the agency, he appointed Rahne opera- tions chief for graduation speeches fire and emergency medical operations. Tourism. At 12:10, Pessemier and Rahne set up two medical triage sites; one on the east side near the schools main entrance, and a second a few blocks west of the school at the intersection of two small residential streets, Yukon and Caley. Yukon/Caley had already become a de facto triage site, since deputies who had evacuated students from the speeches grounds west of Columbine early on had brought injured students to the intersection and laid them down for treatment in one homeowners front yard. When Rahne sent a lieutenant to Yukon/Caley to investigate, the lieutenant promptly called for ten more ambulances and a helicopter to apple vitamin c transport eleven shoot- ing victims, four of 8th grade speeches, them critical. The fire command staff also established two medical staging areas near the command post, and a fire staging area a few blocks south of Columbine on Pierce. . . Jane. . With staging and speeches triage in place, the Never Get Sick Night Study Sessions In Your And Cheap At Midnight fire and emergency med- ical operation began to flow more smoothly. Littleton Fire still couldnt communicate directly with the JeffCo Sher- iffs Office, however, nor could it communicate with most of the engines and ambulances reporting from other jurisdictions because of radio system incompatibilities.

In order to speeches ensure the climate in mauritius ability to talk, Rahne says, he sent at least one Littleton Fire representative with a radio on all emergency medical or fire teams that he dispatched. Chief Pessemier and JeffCo Lieutenant Dave Walcher, meanwhile, set up a unified command incorporating both the graduation speeches medical and Never Of Late Study In Your Dorm And Cheap Wine the law enforce- ment response. We worked very hard to integrate that operation, Pessemier says, but part of the graduation speeches problem was that I had never met Dave Walcher before in my life. We didnt have a real strong relationship with many of the law enforcement agencies in the local area. De- spite limited experience in coordinating or participat- ing in such a complex multi-agency response, however, personnel from all agencies strove to cooperate, ac- cording to those at the scene. Maybe it was Lance [Kirklin], one of the apple vitamin c critically wounded students whose ambulance had briefly stopped at the command post on the way to the hospital, explains Littleton Fire Depart- ment Division Chief Chuck Burdick, who served as the departments law enforcement liaison. A lot of people saw Lance come through, and the magnitude of it was such that people realized this is too big to have petty issues between us. Weve got to get through this, and the only way were going to get through this is with the speeches support of each other. I think we all knew that. SWATs First Entrance. While Rahne and others were organizing the jane adams history early emergency medical response, JeffCo SWAT Comman- der Manwaring was rounding up SWAT team members who had already reported from different jurisdictions in order to cobble together a team. Because they had rushed to the scene so precipitously, several members didnt have all their usual equipment with them, such as heavy-duty tactical vests and shields. Just after noon, as the rescue units raced from the back of the school with the three student shooting victims, Manwaring asked to borrow a Littleton fire engine to speeches use as a shield, and 12 SWAT members from the climate in mauritius JeffCo Sheriffs Office and the Denver and Littleton police departments approached the east side of Columbine, sheltered by the slow-moving truck with a SWAT member at the wheel.

When they reached the 8th grade graduation speeches school, Manwaring broke the jane adams history group in two. One half, led by Manwaring and Denver Commander Vincent DiManna, continued around the north of the buildingstill crouching behind the fire trucktowards the 8th grade graduation speeches west side, where the shootouts had occurred. The other half, led by daniel case review, JeffCo SWAT Deputy Allen Simmons, prepared to enter the 8th grade east side just south of the main doors. What the SWAT teams would confront was a sprawl- ing 250,000-square-foot building on two levels, con- taining 75 classrooms, many smaller rooms and closets, and such large gathering areas as the gymnasium, cafe- teria, and auditorium. The school had been significantly updated and expanded in 1995, including the addition of Get Sick Sessions In Your Wine At Midnight, a new cafeteria and library. Unfortunately, the SWAT teams didnt have an updated map of the school among the emergency resources they kept on hand. Although Littleton Fire had begun running off copies of its Columbine pre-plan, a simplified room plan that showed where to go for alarm and sprinkler shutoffs, for example, Manwaring hadnt received a copy. In any event, the 8th grade pre-plan would have been of limited useful- ness, since it listed classrooms by number only, and did not include such designations as cafeteria or science wing. Instead, Manwaring had only a sketch drawn hastily by a student. In fact, when he sent the first team in, the SWAT commander thought the schools cafete- ria was still on the east side, its location before the tourism re- modeling four years earlier. At 12:06, slightly more than a half hour after Man- waring first paged the 8th grade graduation speeches JeffCo SWAT team, Simmonss group entered the fahrenheit 451 beatty east side of Columbine.

According to many observers, forming an ad hoc, multi-jurisdictional. SWAT team and sending it into a critical tactical situa- tion that quickly was almost unprecedented. Normal operating procedure, by contrast, was for 8th grade graduation speeches a team to wait until all its members had arrived, to deploy as a team, and to receive a detailed explanation of what was happening before entering. It was very, very fast for everything up to that point, says Lieutenant Bruce Williamson, SWAT commander for the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office, who would arrive about 40 minutes later. Columbine High School broke all the molds. Inside the building, beneath wailing fire alarms, the Never Get Sick Night Dorm six SWAT team members began to move slowly from room to room. The team, which split in two to cover more territory, soon found one teacher and two staff members as it advanced carefully through the warren of classrooms. Graduation. Arvada Police Department Chief Ron Sloan, whose department had two officers on JeffCos SWAT team, says members were undoubtedly trying to quotes figure out what kind of situation they were facing: hostage-taking, barricaded suspects, a mental health situation, or some type of speeches, terrorist act. Im sure it was in health tourism definition, the minds of people, Are they going to flee the scene now that the police are here, or are they going to se- crete themselves somewhere and 8th grade level some kind of demand? Sloan says. Climate. For it to continue on after the 8th grade initial police presence, and for homicides to be taking place indiscriminately after that, particularly by fahrenheit 451 beatty quotes, young people in a school, was almost unheard of. SWAT members were also straining their senses to try to detect a sound or motion that would reveal the 8th grade graduation presence of one or more shooters. In fact, however, al- most from the moment the first SWAT team entered, the actual targets were gone. Reports from inside the school and climate in mauritius from escaping students of shooting and of bombs exploding dropped off sharply after noonthough such accounts did not stop entirely. Investigators later deter- mined that Harris and Klebold had killed themselves in the library at 12:08, shortly after firing at the paramedics rescuing victims below.

Responders, however, had no such information at the time to 8th grade guide their actions. You cannot assume anything, yet you have to assume some- thing, so what you assume is the in mauritius worst, explains Chief Sloan of Arvada. 8th Grade. And the worst case scenario is that the bad guys are secreting themselves, theyre taking hostages, and theyll shoot you as soon as the door opens. He adds: You cant assume that theyve com- mitted suicide. You cant assume that this room does not have suspects in quotes, it. 8th Grade Graduation. You have to climate in mauritius assume the worst. With the first SWAT team inside, those in charge out- side continued to try to organize the flood of incoming. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 267. 268 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. information into a coherent account.

At 12:14, although in reality Harris and Klebold were already dead, students on a cell phone in the school reported to 911 that the shooters were nearby. 8th Grade Speeches. A few minutes later, police de- tained a young man approaching the apple vitamin c school carrying an unloaded rifle and 8th grade graduation a knife who was dressed in clothes similar to daniel case review those reportedly worn by the gunmen.18 In a television interview, a student who had escaped said that although he couldnt identify the shooters, they were part of a group known as the Trench Coat Mafia.19. Troubling news had also come in from the speeches site of the earlier brushfire. Tourism Definition. Sixteen bomb experts who had assem- bled from Jefferson and Arapahoe counties, Denver, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation had spread out to advise SWAT teams before they entered the 8th grade graduation speeches school; search the climate in mauritius house of Eric Harris, who had been formally identified as a likely suspect; and evaluate the bombs that had sparked the fire earlier that morning. The two bomb technicians examining the 8th grade refuse from the fire had quickly discovered the health remains of an graduation, alarm clock evidence not only that the gunmen had probably planted the bombs as diversionary devices to daniel case draw re- sponders away from the school before the attack, but, even more disturbingly, that the shooters were capable of making timed devices.20 The discovery not only heightened concerns about further attacks or explo- sions away from Columbine, but also forced law en- forcement to conclude that it was likely there were time-activated bombs and booby-trapped rooms inside the school.

Establishing Incident Command. By 12:40, JeffCos mobile command bus had arrived, and 8th grade graduation instead of grouping around Sgt. Phil Hys patrol car, the command post operation moved inside the bus.21 In addition to apple vitamin c JeffCos incident commander, Lieutenant Dave Walcherwho was often joined by Undersheriff Dunaway, and sometimes by Sheriff Stonecommand level representatives included Captain Robert Arm- strong from Arapahoe; Division Chief Gerry Whitman from the Denver Police; Major John Wise from the 8th grade speeches Col- orado State Patrol; Commander Bob Brandt from the fahrenheit quotes Lit- tleton Police; and either Chief Pessemier or Division Chief Chuck Burdick representing Littleton Fire. According to Sheriff Stone, JeffCo established inci- dent command using the 8th grade graduation same basic management model that the JeffCo representatives had studied and trained on during the daniel review four-day FEMA workshop a year- and-a-half earlier. My position in graduation speeches, this thing was almost. like a symphony director, Stone says. Youre watch- ing every one of these things going on, but you have to fahrenheit 451 beatty make sure every instruments playing properly. With Walcher handling incident command, Stone says, Dunaway took charge of operations, while he, himself, was trying to 8th grade graduation do all the support stuff, get the investigation going, get the county involved, the media, and all these other support things that you have to do. But for some others on the scene, the division of re- sponsibilities wasnt always obvious. Virtually all law enforcement officials involved with the Columbine re- sponse say it was the adams kind of emergency that would have been difficult for any single agency to coordinate. Still, several complain, the command structure should have been more clearly delineated. Everybody asked questions like, Whos actually in charge? recalls one command level officer. Well, quite frankly, I couldnt tell you. If I had to guess from being around the com- mand post, I would say it was a combination of Gerry Whitman, Robert Armstrong, John Dunaway, and Walcher. Speeches. Those would be the key four. Armstrong, who describes Walcher as a good man, says all the commanders tried to work together. What we did is wed say, What about this?

What about climate in mauritius, that? So we could play off each other. So you had more than one mind making those decisions. In addition, some responders say, Dunaway and Stone didnt give Walcher the support he needed. Graduation. Walcher, who had previously spent seven years with the JeffCo SWAT team, had only recently been promoted to lieutenant, and had no experience managing a major in- cident. While it wasnt necessarily preferable for a sher- iff or undersheriff to be the incident commander during such an apple vitamin c, event, the top law enforcement officials presumably the agencys most experienced people at managing an emergency responsewould generally remain available to serve as sounding boards, ask ques- tions, and make suggestions.

Dunaway, however, spent a lot of time outside of the 8th grade speeches command post talking with school administrators, law enforcement and county of- ficials, and others who had come to Never Of Late Night Sessions In Your Dorm At Midnight the vehicle. As for Sheriff Stone, one law enforcement official recalls, He looked pretty much shell shocked. If I was a brand new sheriff and graduation was going through some administrative changes, trying to adams reorganize my department, and this thing hit me a few months into my term, I probably would have looked just like him. Walcher, however, says he had all the 8th grade graduation speeches support he needed, particularly given the collaborative effort that quickly coalesced among the experienced command staff at apple vitamin c, the post. No one agency by itself could handle. this, he contends. Graduation Speeches. With all those agencies there, we had the pelka people that we could immediately task to do the things that had to be done. People that day stepped up to the plate and tried to make a difference. And although Dunaway confirms that he frequently went out- side the command vehicle to talk, he says the conversa- tions served the dual purpose of helping coordinate the graduation speeches broader operation and shielding those inside from unnec- essary interference. As people came to the command post, the last thing I was going to case review have any of them believing was that I was disinterested in their presence or in their offers of assistance, Dunaway explains. Still, some claimed the response to the shootings was more disorganized than it needed to be. Even with full incident command in 8th grade, place, itll look chaotic, says Arapahoe Sheriff Patrick Sullivan. Climate In Mauritius. But at least youre getting things done better, and people are communicat- ing, and those who need to graduation speeches get information are getting information. At Columbine, though, incident com- mand seemed to tourism definition have slipped. There was no formal staging area for law enforcement, for example, which added to 8th grade graduation speeches the confusion in the streets around the school and near the command post.

And although Dunaway was in jane, charge of 8th grade, operations for the incident, neither he nor anyone else appeared to daniel pelka have assumed full respon- sibility for assigning jobs such as traffic control, logis- tics, communications, and officer reliefall key pieces of 8th grade, incident command. While Walcher and Dunaway both readily concede that the response did not meet a textbook case of inci- dent command, however, they question whether a more formalized structure would have been appropriate. The fast-evolving demands of the situation, the number of responding officers, and the need to hand off tasks to individuals from many agencies and jurisdictions ar- gued against imposing a rigid structure under one lead agency, they say. I dont think incident command was ever intended to be used for I'll Never Get Sick Night In Your And Cheap Wine At Midnight combat operations, says Dunaway, and that is basically what we were dealing with there. Moreover, given the graduation speeches enormity of the under- taking, says Walcher, some tasks necessarily fell to fahrenheit the wayside. Graduation Speeches. The last thing on my mind was, Gee, wheres our staging area going to be? he recalls. The street was filling up so fast with cop cars that I had no clue where we could have a staging area, whether we could even have access to it, nor did I care, because I was too busy worrying about kids who had been shot and get- ting a SWAT team in there that could end the situation. He adds: It wasnt a traditional incident command, but the system in climate, place accomplished what really needed to get done. As Walcher and graduation speeches the other commanders prioritized and delegated jobs, some agencies simply tackled tasks that needed doing, rather than seeking direction from the climate command post. Captain Mark Campbell, for exam- ple, who was deploying officers from the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office as they arrived, had noticed that the 8th grade speeches northbound lanes of Pierce Street were clogged with haphazardly parked patrol cars, blocking the 451 beatty passage of emergency vehicles. To free the lanes, Campbell called on graduation, several early-arriving members of the fahrenheit 451 beatty quotes Arapahoe SWAT team, who either contacted the vehicles owners, Campbell says, or simply lifted the cars out of the way.22 Such ad hoc tasking created its own command and 8th grade speeches control problems, though. One suburban SWAT team, for example, never even checked in with the command post, but simply deployed itself around the school. While the case review somewhat haphazard command approach may have complicated the Columbine response, though, a far bigger impediment was the inability of dif- ferent agencies to talk. Indeed, responders say, the ab- sence of linked communication systems greatly increased the difficulty of establishing and maintaining effective incident commandparticularly given the many departments and jurisdictions on 8th grade, scene. Had all responding agencies been using compatible systems with a databank of channels to apple vitamin c choose from, for example, the command post could have allotted a channel for each major task or area of 8th grade graduation speeches, responsibility, such as traffic con- trol, SWAT, logistics, emergency medical, and perimeter control. Such a system, a regular feature of incident com- mand, would have simplified both the division of the re- sponse into apple vitamin c, manageable pieces, and the management of each of those pieces. Its that old joke, how do you eat an elephant, says Arapahoes Captain Campbell. In little bitty bits.

You kind of break things down. As it was, as additional agencies continued to arrive, the ability of speeches, all those involved to communicate dete- riorated significantly. While the JeffCo Sheriffs office still used a VHF radio, for example, many other re- sponding agencies, such as Denver and Arapahoe, had either analog or digital 800 megahertz (MHz) systems, neither of which could communicate directly with a VHF system, nor with each other. Never Of Late Dorm And Cheap Wine. I cannot overempha- size how great a problem the incompatibility of our communications systems was that day, states Under- sheriff Dunaway. What that presented was almost un- manageable. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at 8th grade graduation speeches, Columbine High School 269. 270 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality.

Even if two departments had 800 MHz digital sys- tems, it was no guarantee that they could communi- cate. Definition. Motorola systems, like the one that JeffCo was about to convert to, for example, could not talk with Arvadas Ericsson system because the two werent com- patible. Speeches. Similarly, although the JeffCo Sheriffs Office and Littleton Fire both had VHF systems, they couldnt communicate during the early hours of the incident be- cause they were using different channels. If the health definition officer doesnt ever flip that switch and practice talking to that agency, notes Littleton Paramedic Captain James Olsen, hes not going to know how to do it when the incident comes down.23. Given these barriers, JeffCos command staff could- nt count on connecting directly with other jurisdic- tions by radio. Instead, it pieced together informal links, placing a JeffCo Sheriffs Office representative with a radio on graduation speeches, every team, or passing messages through its own dispatch center to a different center, and then back to the field. Even this last method, however, often broke down. At 12:23, the JeffCo dispatch center said it could- nt get through to the command post because both radio links and cellular phone lines were jammed. Indeed, the jane adams center was so overloaded that calls were going instead to dispatchers in Littleton, Denver, and other municipal- ities, who then had to relay messages back to JeffCo. Radios and cell phones and everything were absolutely useless, declares Steve Davis, public information offi- cer for the JeffCo Sheriffs Office, they were so over- whelmed with the amount of traffic in the air. Of course, it wasnt just emergency response calls that were tying up communications. 8th Grade Graduation Speeches. At 11:47, a local television station ran the first report of possible shoot- ings at Columbine High School.

By noon, area TV sta- tions had switched to full-time live coverage, and parents and relatives were besieging school, law en- forcement, and county officials for information about their children and apple vitamin c loved ones. Lieutenant John Kiekbusch of the JeffCo Sheriffs in- vestigation division had established four debriefing areas where officers could question students and graduation speeches staff about what they had seen. Quotes. By 12:25, the JeffCo Sheriffs Office and 8th grade graduation speeches school administrators had settled on fahrenheit quotes, Leawood Ele- mentary School, less than a mile from Columbine, as the primary debriefing site. 8th Grade. Counselors from the I'll Never Night Study Sessions Dorm And Cheap Wine At Midnight Victim Services Unit of the 8th grade JeffCo Sheriffs Office had already been sent to the elementary school to daniel talk with students and parents, and the dispatch center began specifically directing parents there. Where the media was very helpful was in continually broadcasting that information very early on 8th grade, so we wouldnt have a mass of parents. running down to Columbine looking for their kids, says Sheriff Stone. Some parents, not surprisingly, still rushed to Columbine and fahrenheit gathered near the command post for 8th grade speeches news of their children.

For their part, many students and staff who had escaped the school never went to climate in mauritius Lea- wood Elementary for questioning, and graduation speeches did not reunite with parents or relatives until hours later. Although JeffCo assigned officers trained in apple vitamin c, crowd control to es- cort students from safe areas near Columbine to buses that would take them to the elementary school, scores of students simply headed home or to the houses of friends. As Arvada Police Chief Sloan puts it, the evac- uation from Columbine was like turning over an anthill. Whoosh . Graduation. . . they were out of apple vitamin c, there. SWAT Approaches the West Side. As the 8th grade graduation speeches command staff struggled to bring order and effi- ciency to apple vitamin c the overall response, SWAT Commander Lieu- tenant Terry Manwaring continued his efforts to insert teams into Columbine and apprehend the killers. Al- most a half hour after leaving Deputy Allen Simmons and his team on the east side of Columbine, Manwar- ing and his group of graduation speeches, five finally worked their way around to the upper west entrance of the climate school at 12:34, still using the fire truck as a shield.24 Three shooting victims lay on the west side of the school, two up near the 8th grade west doors, and one down a flight of in mauritius, stairs outside the cafe- teria. 8th Grade Graduation. While part of the team protected them with cover fire, SWAT members attempted to rescue the three.25 One student near the jane adams doors was alive and 8th grade graduation was rushed to medical attention in the back of a patrol car. The other two, however, were already dead.26. After dealing with the victims, Manwaring had hoped to send a SWAT team directly into the building through the definition upper entrance.

During the rescue, how- ever, SWAT members had spotted an unexploded bomb lying outside the west doors. Manwaring had heard there could be time- or motion-activated bombs in the school, and he didnt want to risk sending SWAT mem- bers past a device that might be triggered at any point. Instead, the SWAT commander decided to drive the fire truck over the bomb and straight through the speeches doors into the schoolassuming that the vehicle would absorb any blast. The heavy truck, however, became stuck in pelka case review, the soft ground outside the school, and SWAT eventu- ally abandoned it. As Manwarings group was struggling with the 8th grade speeches fire truck, ten members of the apple vitamin c JeffCo SWAT team, headed. by Sgt. Barry Williams, arrived at the command post. Over the graduation speeches next 20 minutes, Williams led the team around to the schools west endusing a front end loader they had commandeered as a coverwhile two SWAT snipers broke off from the group and stationed themselves on roofs south of the apple vitamin c school and opposite the library windows and science wing. A. J. DeAndrea, an officer with the Arvada Police De- partment and member of the JeffCo SWAT team, had been having a family picnic with his wife, who was nine months pregnant, when he was paged and told there had been a shooting at Columbine. DeAndrea, who ap- proached the schools west end behind the front end loader, recalls the scene at 8th grade graduation speeches, Columbine as surreal. First, he saw one of JeffCos SWAT members driving a fire truck.

Then he noticed one of the history early students to be shot and 8th grade graduation speeches killed, Rachel Scott, on the ground nearby his first realization that there had been fatalities. Farther down the hill was the body of Daniel Rohrbough. Manwaring gave the newly arrived team a terse sum- mary. It still wasnt known how many suspects were in- side, although there were estimates of I'll Never Night Wine, as many as eight gunmen in the buildingconceivably some kind of ter- rorist group. Because of the bomb outside the 8th grade graduation west doors, the SWAT team didnt enter there. Nor did it go through the open emergency exit door leading straight to daniel pelka the library, out of 8th grade, which a number of distraught stu- dents had escaped about an case, hour-and-a-half earlier, be- cause there was a bomb visible there. Instead, Manwarings group directed the graduation team down the hill to a window next to the cafeteria.

Although the entry point was a floor below where deputies had last spotted the gunmen, shooting from the library windows, Manwar- ing had no reason to believe the two had stayed in that area, says Lieutenant Bruce Williamson, SWAT com- mander for the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office. The team going into the school had no idea where the last known location of these guys was, explains Williamson. They were shooting all over. Unlike a normal SWAT operation, DeAndrea says, the pressure to get inside was so great that the team de- ployed with almost no preparation. As we entered, we were told all kinds of things, DeAndrea recalls. We were told, Last seen in the business area. Last seen in the science area. They are possibly in climate in mauritius, the air ducts mov- ing around. Weve got somebody on the roof. I remem- ber the Channel Four news helicopter coming in real low trying to see what they had up there. The team did not know there had been a massacre in the library, though, nor was it told that there was a report of 8th grade graduation speeches, a badly injured person in the science wing. Neither Manwaring.

nor DiManna, apparently, had been given that informa- tion. In addition, Manwaring still didnt have a map of the school, and in mauritius most SWAT members had never been in the building. On the other side of the school, meanwhile, SWAT Deputy Allen Simmons had called for assistance with the 8th grade graduation grueling and time-consuming process of breaking down doors and searching rooms for suspects and vic- tims. Although Harris and Klebold had been dead for more than a half hour, the command post was still re- ceiving regular cell phone reports of gunshots and ex- plosions from students and staff hidden throughout the school, which further complicated the search.27 Shortly before 1:00, a SWAT team from the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office joined Simmons in the east side search, while other members of the Arapahoe team, along with Jeff- Co, Lakewood, Denver, and Littleton, established a tactical command post on Pierce Street right outside the main school entrance. In Manwarings absence, JeffCo had named Com- mander Bob Brandt and Sergeant Bill Black of the Lit- tleton Police to coordinate the SWAT deployment. Jane History. Perhaps because of the faulty communication among different agencies, however, some SWAT members kept questioning why Manwaring wasnt running the tacti- cal command post himself, while others mistakenly concluded that he had deployed with a SWAT team in- side the school.28 We kept asking where he was, be- cause all the commanders need to get together and 8th grade graduation speeches formulate a tactical plan together, says Arapahoe SWAT team leader Louis Perea. That wasnt happening. At about adams history, 1:00, a school staff member gave an Ara- pahoe deputy a Columbine yearbook from the previous year with the photos of Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold circled. Captain Campbell sent plainclothes officers to make copies of the pictures and 8th grade graduation distributed them to the command and tactical posts.

By 1:15, investigators had gone to both students houses. West Side SWAT Enters. The eight members of the definition JeffCo SWAT team led by speeches, Barry Williams, along with a few Denver SWAT mem- bers, broke a window and climbed into the school at daniel case, about 1:09. Had shots been fired shortly before or as the 8th grade graduation west side SWAT team arrived, DeAndrea says, the teams goal would have been simple: respond to the shots and stop the threat. I'll Never Get Sick Night Study Sessions Dorm Wine At Midnight. Absent an graduation speeches, active shooter, however, SWATs mission was to carefully search the. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at daniel, Columbine High School 271. 272 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. buildingrescuing students and teachers while trying to apprehend the shooters, who most likely were in hiding or holding hostages. With shots fired, were going to speeches do a rapid and immediate deployment with an assault team, and were going to take care of the shots being fired, DeAndrea explains. Without that, were not going to run haphazardly anywhere.

Once through the window, team members found themselves in a teachers lounge, standing in about three inches of water that had accumulated from the cafete- ria sprinkler system, activated by bombs thrown earlier by case, Harris and Klebold. 8th Grade Graduation. The group was immediately bombarded with sounds and climate smells. Youve got the school bell going off, youve got the fire alarm going off, you can smell gun powder in 8th grade graduation, the air, and theres an overwhelming noise from the sprinklers made by the water coming down, DeAndrea recalls. While some members were particularly disconcerted by the alarms, DeAndrea says, what bothered him most were the alarm systems flashing strobe lights, which chillingly mim- icked the flash of a gun, and which also created sud- den shadows that forced him to recheck areas repeatedly to ensure there was no one hiding or prepar- ing to attack. Looking into history, the cafeteria, DeAndrea recounts, was an 8th grade, otherworldly experience. We dont hear shots fired, he says. We dont see kids running around. Theres nothing. Its like this place is tourism locked down. Its eerie. 8th Grade Graduation Speeches. First thing in my mind, Im thinking ambush. Pelka Review. Where are they? Theyve got hostages. Were going to find them here somewhere, and theyre hunkered down. Carefully picking their way past exploded and speeches unexploded bombs, the team scanned the cafeteria and headed into the kitchen area.

Almost immediately, DeAndrea says, the daniel pelka case team heard movement behind a door. Wed shout, Police depart- ment, open the door! Police department, open the graduation door! Expecting for that door to open, and were going to en- gage in gunfire, he recalls. No one, however, opened the apple vitamin c doors. There were no gunmen hidden in the schools rooms, and students, traumatized by speeches, what they had al- ready witnessed or heard, would not undo the locks. DeAndrea, the health designated breacher for his team, had made a conscious decision not to bring his usual 55-pound ram into the building, because carrying it would hinder his ability to wield a gun. Speeches. Instead, he used a tool that resembled a specialized crowbar, al- lowing him to break off door handles and pop doors open. A number of doors in Columbine were difficult to breach, though, since students hiding inside had. piled furniture or other objects against them for further protection. Were busting down doors wholeheart- edly thinking were going to go through that door and were going to engage somebody, DeAndrea says. Do we think that we might get shot?

Absolutely. Are we thinking a bomb might go off because this is the I'll Get Sick Of Late Night Dorm And Cheap room theyre in, and its booby trapped? Absolutely. But we still have to get through the 8th grade graduation door. Instead of gunmen, the team found 20 to 30 students hidden in the kitchen area, as well as two male staff members hiding in the walk-in freezers. The team began to evacuate students and staff, even as Williams passed on a report that the jane history shooters might be in the library or the science area. JeffCo had been joined by more SWAT members from Denver, and graduation speeches the team passed small groups of students from jane adams history one member to another and graduation speeches then out the same window through which they had en- tered. Once outside, students were directed up the apple vitamin c out- side stairs to be driven to safety.

Since the path took them past the bodies of both Daniel Rohrbough and Rachel Scott, officers told students to focus only on the person immediately in front of them. Away from the building at last, SWAT members took students to the east side, where law enforcement person- nel quickly searched them, not only graduation speeches, looking for injuries, but trying to ascertain that the attackers were not among the escaping students. To help, deputies had recruited Columbines two deans of students, Chris Mikesell and Peter Horvath, stationing them near the tactical command post on the east side of the daniel pelka case review school. Mikesell and 8th grade graduation Horvath scanned passing students, searching not only for Harris and jane adams history Klebold, but also for graduation speeches students who were thought to be associates of the two, and who might be accomplices in the attack. Once checked, students were supposed to I'll Never Of Late Study Dorm duck through a hole cut in the fence and graduation speeches board buses waiting on daniel pelka case, an adjacent residential street.

Because of a lack of communication, though, Arapahoes Captain Campbell says, a Denver officer down the street was stopping buses at first and wouldnt let them pass. 8th Grade Speeches. By the time the buses came down to pick these kids up and transport them over to Leawood, the kids had already said, Screw this, Im out of here, says Campbell. With the Never Night Wine At Midnight two SWAT teams in the building, mean- while, SWAT commanders Manwaring and DiManna had returned to the tactical command post on the east side of the building. Manwaring, who finally had got- ten a current floor plan for the school from 8th grade speeches school ad- ministrators, sent in some additional SWAT members after the original two teams to help secure the evacua- tion routes. He did not, however, send new teams into. other parts of the school, fearing that too many SWAT teams inside would add to the confusion and 451 beatty quotes unaccept- ably increase the risk of friendly fire. Although communications at Columbine were patchy and unreliable on April 20, due to overloaded cell phone systems and incompatible radios, information continued to pour into the JeffCo Sheriffs command post. Despite periodic breakdowns, the 8th grade graduation speeches three dispatchers in climate in mauritius, the mo- bile command bus were receiving messages from the JeffCo dispatch center, other regional dispatchers, county officials, school officials, the tactical command post, and officers responsible for the different aspects of the response. 8th Grade Speeches. In addition, messages were being relayed in climate in mauritius, regarding cell phone calls made to families, police, and even television and radio stations by students trapped in the school. Finally, there was a constant stream of re- ports, queries, and requests from speeches peopleofficial and otherwisewho had gathered around the command post. There was so much information coming in, in such a short period of time, that it was absolutely phys- ically impossible for any one person to get a handle on what was going on, recalls Chuck Burdick, Littleton Fires main representative at the command post. I'll Never Night Sessions In Your Dorm Wine. At one point in time, I remember very vividly my brain just say- ing, Absolute overload. I got to the point where I didnt hear anything. Not even gray noiseit was no noise at all.

It was the strangest experience Ive ever had. The volume of information wasnt the only problem, Burdick says. Because it sometimes took a long time for messages to get through, he says, many accounts were outdated, leading to graduation speeches a skewed understanding of what was happening inside the school. Jane Adams History. Early on, for graduation ex- ample, reports of gunfire in one area of the history building were sometimes received along with later accounts of shots and explosions in other parts of the building, lead- ing responders to assume that there were more than two gunmen at work. Thats what led law enforcement to think there were six or more shooters in 8th grade graduation, the school, Burdick explains. SWAT member DeAndrea, who recalls being pep- pered with information as he was first working his way through the high school, says he had great sympathy for those on the outside trying to unravel conflicting ac- counts. Go back and climate look at the hundreds of people who are around that command post with information, he says, on top of the 8th grade speeches hundreds of phone calls that are. coming in to a very small number of fahrenheit quotes, people. If I call in and tell you one thing, and graduation somebody else calls in and tells you another thing, who knows whose information is more correct? Were not computers to process all this information and climate get it all out accurately. He adds: Ill tell you, I was happier to be inside the speeches school than to be at the command post. Much of the crush of information was unavoidable. But, according to some responders on scene, com- manders could have eliminated a portion of the extra- neous input.

Although it was standard practice among law enforcement to cordon off a command post during a major incident, JeffCo had not stationed officers around the mobile command trucks, and didnt isolate the health definition vehicles with crime scene tape until later in the af- ternoon. As a result, people came and went relatively freely. There was no actual command post security, complains one command level officer. So you had re- porters, police who just showed up, citizens, concerned parents, and graduation kids who were victims, all co-mingling around these command posts. In addition, says the of- ficer, Undersheriff Dunaway continued to spend too much time outside talking, and adams too little time inside di- recting operations. When youre running something, you cant be standing out in graduation, the parking lot next to your command post where theres no perimeter security, be- cause 50 people are going to fahrenheit quotes talk to you. 8th Grade Graduation Speeches. He needed to be in somewhere, sitting down, getting fed information, and he didnt do that. Dunaway and tourism definition some others, though, dismiss the charge that students or parents came close to graduation speeches the com- mand posts. Moreover, the Undersheriff says, his con- versations outside the post, which included periodic meetings with Sheriff Stone and apple vitamin c chief investigator Lieu- tenant Kiekbusch, were a necessary part of the 8th grade graduation speeches effort to learn more about Harris and Klebold, to search for ad- ditional suspects, and to ascertain whether the attack was going to spread beyond the high school. Fahrenheit Quotes. I needed to retain a certain distance from the operational aspects of it in order to contemplate the policy-level issues that we might face that day, Dunaway says. Managing the Media. Just as Columbine was the biggest and most complex incident that most local emergency responders had ever confronted, so it was the biggest event most local media had ever covered, and quickly became a leading national and 8th grade international story as well. When Steve.

Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 273. 274 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Davis, public information officer (PIO) for the JeffCo Sheriffs Office, first left for I'll Get Sick Of Late Night Study In Your Dorm And Cheap At Midnight Columbine at speeches, about 11:30 that morning, though, he had no idea how important the health tourism event would become.29 Following his usual practice, Davis pulled out a standard call list as he drove and began phoning local TV stations, newspapers, and radio stations. Speeches. I told them Ive got a report of shots fired, ex- plosions at the school, Im on my way down there, and Ill try to pick a place to meet, Davis recalls. By the time he got to daniel case Columbine at about 11:45, Davis says, there were at least two television crews and a radio station on 8th grade speeches, scene, as well as a few PIOs from other jurisdictions who had reported in case Davis needed help. Health Definition. Already it was clear that the incident was going to be too large to handle by simply traveling from one media representative to 8th grade speeches another.

Moreover, it was essential that reporters and camera crews be kept away from the command post, so that they wouldnt bother law enforcement officials managing the apple vitamin c response. Ac- cordingly, Davis, with the help of the other PIOs, told reporters that all interviews would take place at a des- ignated media center in the parking lot at the northeast corner of Clement Parka recreational area which abutted the high schools north side. Speeches. Although the in- formation hed been able to gather was extremely sketchy, Davis says, he began giving interviews to the media outlets already there, standing behind a podium that one of the TV stations had brought along. As the apple vitamin c seriousness of the attack at Columbine began to emerge, however, and as news operations flocked to the scene, Davis soon realized he could not satisfy the barrage of requests for 8th grade individual interviews. At 1:30, he held the first of what would be an ongoing series of hourly news conferences. Having such frequent press conferences turned out to tourism be critical, Davis says, since it helped keep information current and accurate. There were so many rumors and myths getting started, it gave me a chance to confirm stories or chop them off right at the root immediately, instead of graduation, letting them fester all day, he explains. On the jane adams history other hand, the hourly updates made it al- most impossible for Davis to stay abreast of the latest developments himself. Speeches. Most of the news conferences would run 30 to 40 minutes with questions and in mauritius an- swers, he recounts. When I ended that, I would start to walk out and 8th grade graduation speeches was just mobbed by Get Sick Of Late Night Wine, media wanting an individual interview. By the time I got done doing that, it was time for speeches the next news conference. I would liter- ally have to fahrenheit run over to the command post, stick my head in, and say, OK, whats new?

Whats changed? Or, Im hearing questions about this and this, do we have anything on that, can we address this? And then Id run back to the microphones and 8th grade graduation hold another news confer- ence. Although Davis could have appointed someone else to bring him updates from the command post, he felt it essential that he hear the in mauritius information firsthand. There were so many concerns about what was going out and the accuracy of what was going out, he notes, that I wanted to hear it straight from those people before I turned around and went to the microphones.30. Despite his efforts to keep the press cloistered in 8th grade speeches, one area, Davis says, some media representatives sought out more dramatic stories and footage. Apple Vitamin C. Several journalists got near to the command post, and a TV reporter at the Yukon/Caley triage area interviewed wounded students, even though families had not yet been notified of the students injuries. Far more alarming to law enforcement were televised reports that revealed sensitive details of the response. Helicopter news footage early on, for ex- ample, showed Manwarings SWAT team making its slow approach to the school behind the cover of the fire truck. Obviously, Davis says, the concern is that if your gunmen were in there watching TV, they would have known exactly where we had people. Moreover, a local TV station broadcast live conversations with stu- dents trapped in the school who had called the station on their cell phones. The kids are saying, Im holed up in the science room with 23 other kids and weve got the door barricaded, recalls Davis. And were thinking, Get that off the air! Now were telling the gunmen exactly which room to go to in order to find 23 more hostages. Even the 8th grade graduation speeches helicopters, themselves, posed a problem, kicking up dirt that in some cases tem- porarily blinded the rooftop snipers, and health making it harder for responders outside the 8th grade graduation speeches building to hear.31. Members of the JeffCo Sheriffs Office also had to tourism be vigilant in restricting the press to a media area outside of Leawood Elementary. As the afternoon wore on, more and more panic-stricken students and graduation parents were gath- ering. School staff, working with law enforcement, had posted a list of those students who had reported ina list that they updated every 15 minutes.

The SWAT Response Continues. The efforts by the command staff and by Steve Davis to health tourism digest and act upon incoming information were mir- rored inside Columbine by the intensive efforts of the SWAT teams to understand what they were seeing and. hearing and to make appropriate decisions. At 2:17, JeffCo SWAT leader Barry Williams, in charge of the west side team, divided his group in half in order to move more quickly through the graduation speeches lower level of the school. The sense of jane adams history, urgency driving the team had only increased. 8th Grade Speeches. Shortly before 2:00, Williams had received the first reports from Get Sick Of Late Study Sessions Dorm Wine At Midnight dispatch alluding to the critically injured Dave Sanders, one alerting him to an injured teacher in the science area, while anotherlater found to have identified the wrong roomsaid a male was doing CPR on a victim in the library, and speeches that a blue and white shirt was hanging from the tourism door knob to signal the graduation victims presence. In addition, one of the two snipers on the roof radioed Williams at 2:15 to report the in mauritius sign in the second-story window reading, 1 bleeding to death. Although Williams had asked dispatch for speeches direc- tions to reach the I'll Never Get Sick Night Study Sessions Dorm And Cheap victim, though, his connection with dispatch was erratic, and 8th grade he apparently was never given a clear description of quotes, where the 8th grade science wing or the li- brary were located. From the reports he had received, it wasnt even clear whether there was just one victim, or a few in different parts of the school. While Williams moved with half the team into climate in mauritius, the business and computer classrooms, A. Graduation. J. Apple Vitamin C. DeAndrea took a team of 8th grade, three JeffCo deputies and a Denver officer and headed into the auditorium, where they had been warned shooters might be concealed on the catwalk. Alarms and strobe lights were still assaulting their senses, DeAndrea says, making it extremely difficult for members of jane, even the same team to talk. You cant hear anything, he remembers. Basically, everything is graduation hand signals, be- cause unless Im in your face yelling, youre not going to be able to communicate. DeAndrea also had trouble hearing dispatch reports, he says, and couldnt commu- nicate well with the other half of the JeffCo SWAT team, let alone Simmonss SWAT team on the other side of the adams school, because the line-of-sight radios didnt receive well within the core of the building. Barry [Williams] and I communicated very rarely, he says. I was getting some transmissions, but Im sure that I missed a lot. After checking the auditorium, which was empty, DeAndreas group emerged on the upper level of the school, where a dispatch report had indicated there might be students hidden nearby.

The teams progress had accelerated, DeAndrea says, once additional Denver officers with a lighter ram had joined his group. In fact, one of the few encouraging aspects of the re- sponse was the ease with which members of the two teams interacted, despite the fact that SWAT teams rarely worked with other jurisdictions.32 There was not. a glitch, DeAndrea says. There were no egos that day. There was no posturing. Graduation. It was a total team effort. In addition, although there were now a couple dozen SWAT members working their way through the school including some who had become separated from their teams, and tourism definition who had only irregular radio contact with other officersno SWAT members mistakenly shot at each other. We had a huge potential for 8th grade friendly fire, says Arapahoes SWAT commander, Bruce Williamson, and thank god that never happened. Nevertheless, the fear that the presence of too many teams inside might trigger accidental injuries or death remained a con- straint. According to one report, the Lakewood SWAT team, which had positioned itself south of the school, volunteered to try to rescue the bleeding victim upstairs, having seen the sign in jane adams, the window. But incident com- mander Walcher vetoed the 8th grade graduation speeches attempt, claiming there would be too much risk of surprising teams already in- side and precipitating dangerous crossfire.33. Upstairs at last, DeAndrea says, SWAT members could see motion in a room close by, off of the choir room in the music section.

When the team breached the adams history door of the room at 8th grade graduation speeches, 2:24, DeAndrea says, they found 60 students crammed into one small space. Theyre ter- rified, he says. Ive never seen fear like this before. Jane. You physically grab one child, pull them out, and the rest follow, if you will, in a straight line. DeAndrea had been told there could be a shooting victim nearby, he says. But he also knew it was his re- sponsibility to get the 60 students to safety. Now we have a problem, he says. 8th Grade. Weve got 60 kids. Its neg- ligent for us to leave them in Get Sick Night Study In Your Dorm Wine, there knowing that there are bombs inside this school. Do we know if any bombs are on a timer? Is the 8th grade graduation whole school going to blow up?

We stop everything, and we need to get these 60 out, and were in the dead center of the school. DeAndreas team set to work, hurrying students in groups of ten out the west side of the school along the exact route SWAT had used to enter, with a SWAT mem- ber at the head, middle, and end of each cluster. In a normal SWAT response, DeAndrea says, not only would the team have patted down all the students as potential suspects, it would have handcuffed them until they could be properly searched outside. But given the pressure to jane history get the graduation students out of the building safely, DeAndrea simply ordered them to keep their hands on their heads until an officer told them to take them down. The news helicopter footage of students existing the Never Of Late And Cheap Wine At Midnight school with their hands on top of 8th grade graduation, their heads became an enduring image of the Columbine tragedy.

Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 275. 276 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of tourism definition, Its Professional Centrality. As DeAndreas team was evacuating the students, a further drama was occurring outside. 8th Grade Graduation Speeches. A deputy who had spent the previous two hours conducting air surveil- lance from a news helicopter radioed dispatch that someone was trying to climb out a broken window on daniel case, the schools southwest side.34 The Lakewood SWAT team, which had been checking the parking lot for 8th grade speeches vehicles belonging to climate Harris and graduation Klebold, convinced an Get Sick Night In Your Dorm Wine At Midnight, armored car company to loan them a bulletproof car.

Just after they drove the 8th grade armored car to the side of the school, SWAT members managed to catch the seriously injured student, Patrick Ireland, as he fell from the library window.35. The Final Discoveries. Between 2:30 and apple vitamin c 2:45 that afternoon, the three main SWAT teams searching and clearing Columbine High School began to 8th grade speeches converge. After removing the 60 stu- dents from the choir room, DeAndreas team found two more groups of about 30 students each in apple vitamin c, two nearby rooms and handed them to Simmonss team, which had just worked its way down the southern east-west hall- way, to escort out the east side of the building. The group led by Barry Williams, meanwhile, had finished its search of the graduation business wing downstairs, and had mounted the stairs by the cafeteriacoming up just down the hall from the other two teams and heading into the science wing. There the group found another 20 to 30 students, which Simmonss team again hurried out the east side. At 2:42, Williamss team finally reached the critically injured teacher, Dave Sanders, as well as about 60 stu- dents in that and an adjoining classroom. Williams ra- dioed for in mauritius medical help and a member of the team stayed behind as the others escorted the traumatized students from the building. Although a second SWAT member soon returned to wait with Sanders, what happened next is not entirely clear.

Because Sanders was so crit- ically injured, SWAT members apparently didnt feel they could move him from the building, and they waited for a paramedic to arrive. At the same time, however, paramedics continued to hover outside the east en- trance, expecting that the injured party would be car- ried out to them. Although Simmonss team had established an entry route from the east, paramedics, who wore no protective clothing, did not normally enter a building until it had been secured.36 After the 8th grade graduation two SWAT members waited for about 20 to 30 minutes, a. Denver paramedic finally arrived from the west side of the jane adams building. Tragically, however, Sanders had no pulse, and the paramedic declared that he had died.37. The horror of the day had not yet ended, though.

Williamss SWAT team finally entered the library at 3:22, the last area of the 8th grade speeches school to be searched. Imme- diately, Williams radioed to dispatch. Fahrenheit. Barry Williams is a very calm, cool, collected man, DeAndrea says. You could hear in his voice there was something very wrong inside the library. The scene inside, DeAndrea says, was shocking and terribly sad. Although one girl with several gunshot wounds was still alive, twelve other students in the room were dead, most huddled under tables where they had tried to hide. Two, how- ever, surrounded by 8th grade graduation, weapons and bombs, matched the description of the tourism definition gunmen, and appeared to have com- mitted suicide with gunshot wounds to the head. De- spite the apparent suicides, law enforcement still had to operate under the 8th grade speeches assumption that there might be ac- complices in the building or already outside. Given the I'll Never Get Sick Night Study Sessions Dorm And Cheap many bombs visible in the room, SWAT moved as quickly as possible, radioing for paramedics, and graduation speeches evacuating four staff members found hiding in rooms off the health tourism definition library, including teacher Patti Nielson, who had climbed into a cupboard following the shooting spree almost four hours earlier. 8th Grade. As two paramedics removed the wounded student via the librarys emergency exitwalking around bombs in the hallwaythe SWAT team called for the bomb squad to daniel take over.38. Back in 8th grade speeches, the hall outside the library, DeAndrea says, the three SWAT teams studied a map that Williamss group had torn from the apple vitamin c wall, and graduation concluded they had searched the whole school. Even now, though, they didnt quit. The teams returned to the main lobby on the east side of the building, regrouped with reinforcements along normal jurisdictional lines, and fahrenheit 451 beatty quotes went back through the building for a rapid second sweepthis time, finding no one alive.39 As the teams searched, the Littleton Fire Department was finally able to shut off the alarms and sprinkler systems. Outside, mean- while, Sheriff Stone and Steve Davis held a news briefing at which Stone announced the speeches possibility of up to 25 dead as the result of the attack.40 The actual toll that would emerge over the next several hours was grim enough: fourteen students and one teacher killedincluding the two gunmenand 24 victims injured.

The JeffCo Sheriffs Office, in its final report, declared the deadly shootings and massacre at Columbine over after the SWAT teams completed their second search at 4:45. More than 160 victims had been treated at four. triage sites for maladies ranging from daniel pelka case shock to gunshot wounds, and 24 students had been transported to graduation area hospitals. For SWAT members, particularly those who had been in the school since shortly after noon, the daniel pelka ex- perience had been overwhelming. 8th Grade Graduation. Typically when we do a tactical operation and we make an entry into a high-risk situation, two minutes is a very long time, notes Williamson, the Arapahoe SWAT commander. This went on pelka case review, for hours. So the 8th grade adrenaline dump and the noise and climate in mauritius the screaming kids and the dead children and the blood and 8th grade graduation speeches the carnage and the signs of the ex- plosions from the devices that went off in the school they were dealing with that for climate a long time. When the graduation team members finally emerged, Williamson says, everybody was fried.

Thats emotionally the worst day Ive ever dealt with. Ive got four kids of my own. I went home and I'll Of Late Night Study Sessions In Your At Midnight hugged them all. By the end of the first day, almost 1,000 represen- tatives of area law enforcement and emergency re- sponse agencies had reported to Columbine. While the Denver Police had provided the 8th grade most aid to history JeffCo during the shootings, followed by the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office and the Littleton Police, responders came from half a dozen sheriffs offices; 12 fire and EMS agencies, employing 46 ambulances and two helicopters; 20 area police departments; the graduation Bureau of adams history, Alcohol, Tobacco and graduation speeches Firearms; the Colorado Bureau of apple vitamin c, Investigation; the FBI, and the Colorado National Guard.

The Bomb Squad and Investigators Take Over. If Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold hadnt scattered explo- sive devices around Columbine High School, investiga- tors would have been able to conduct an immediate crime scene analysis, which in all probability would have allowed the coroner to graduation speeches identify the victims and re- move their bodies from the school the apple vitamin c night of the graduation speeches at- tack. Apple Vitamin C. As it was, the location and removal of bombs forced a delay in the identification of victims that was a final cruel twist for 8th grade graduation speeches both families and apple vitamin c responders. Although the 16 bomb technicians originally assem- bled, joined by evidence collection experts from the FBI and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, worked quickly after the 8th grade graduation speeches SWAT teams finished, they faced a monumental task. There were bombs easily vis- ible in 451 beatty, the library, in hallways, outside doors, and even on the roof. More troubling, though, was the likelihood of hiddenand possibly timedexplosive devices. In. the cafeteria alone there were more than 400 un- searched backpacks, and speeches the school had 1,952 lockers, any one of which could contain a bomb. Technicians first disposed of all the history bombs from the library that they could retrieve without moving any of the bodies, including those of Klebold and Harris, since the victims had to remain undisturbed until investiga- tors had completed their initial crime scene analysis.

Late that afternoon, as bomb experts discussed which part of the school to 8th grade graduation speeches clear next, though, Deputy Inspec- tor Joe Dempsey, team leader of the Arapahoe County Sheriffs bomb squad, along with a Denver bomb squad detective, spotted the top of an alarm clock poking out from a large, blanket-covered mound in the back seat of a car identified as Klebolds. A check of Harriss car soon after revealed a similar blanket-covered shape. Given the danger posed by the large bombs, experts had to clear the cars before returning to the building. In all, technicians removed two 20-pound propane tanks, 20 gallons of gasoline, propane combustible liquids, and several pipe bombs from the health tourism two vehicles. That night, some of the 8th grade graduation bomb experts accompanied five new SWAT teams that were brought in at about 10:30 p.m. to conduct a third sweep of the building, while oth- ers continued the painstaking search for bombs. Bomb squad commanders called off the Sessions In Your And Cheap clearing process, though, after an overly tired technician lowering a pipe bomb into graduation, a special disposal trailer at about 10:40 p.m. bumped the device into the side, setting off an health tourism, explosion that threw 15 live bombs out of the trailer. We were get- ting a lot of pressure because the evidence people and 8th grade graduation speeches the command staff and the familieseverybody wanted into that school, explains Deputy Dan Davis, a mem- ber of the Arapahoe bomb team. But we couldnt say that it was safe for them to go there. Parents who were still waiting at Leawood Elementary for word of their missing children were advised by 11:30 p.m. to go home for the night. At 7:30 a.m. the following morning, April 21, the in mauritius coroner and a team from the JeffCo Sheriffs Office re- turned to the library, followed by graduation speeches, two forensic teams, to collect evidence, identify the deceased, and I'll Night Study Dorm And Cheap Wine At Midnight take videos and photographs of the crime scene. Investiga- tors, relying primarily on physical descriptions provided by 8th grade, waiting parents the previous night, identified all the victims by apple vitamin c, noon, and officials notified the families soon after.41 With the preliminary investigation finished, bomb technicians returned and discovered 19 more bombs under the bodies of Harris and Klebold. The bodies were finally removed from 8th grade speeches Columbine late that afternoon. If it ever happens to climate anybody again, I would.

Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 277. 278 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. hope that they make a contingency plan to photograph everybody and move the bodies the first night so you can look for devices, because having to go back in there again was very traumatic for those guys, says Joe Dempsey. We would have felt better had we known that we were able to take the 8th grade graduation speeches kids out of the library that first night. Before a full-fledged investigation of the incident could begin, the bomb squads still had to clear the rest of the school, including the backpack-strewn cafeteria, where technicians had already found a large propane tank bomb that had failed to explode. Given the review enormity of the task, and the desire to move forward quickly, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and 8th grade Firearms brought in dogs trained to daniel pelka case sniff out graduation speeches explosives, and took them through as the experts in the library were finishing. That afternoon, after the dogs completed their work, officials declared the building safe enough for jane history investigators to enter. Graduation Speeches. But per- haps due to sensory overload from all of the ammunition, detonated bombs, and other explosive materials in the building, the dogs missed one of the two largest bombs in fahrenheit, the schoola second 20-pound propane bomb with a timer hidden in a duffel bag in the cafeteria. After a tech- nician spotted the bomb Thursday, he ordered everyone from the graduation speeches building, and bomb squad members returned for a meticulous backpack-by-backpack search.

According to plans and homemade videotapes later uncovered by investigators, Harris and Klebold had timed the two propane bombs to explode in the cafe- teria at 11:17, when the fahrenheit 451 beatty room was likely to be teeming with almost 500 students. The two then planned to shoot those students who tried to escape.42 They had set the 8th grade graduation speeches car bombs, meanwhile, to go off about 20 minutes after the cafeteria bombs, as emergency personnel rushed to the scene. Had the I'll Never Get Sick Dorm At Midnight plan worked as envi- sioned, bomb experts say, the exploding tanks and en- suing giant fireballs probably would have killed or injured many of the students in the area, and might have caused parts of the library to collapse into the cafeteria. The good Lord was looking after this school and speeches all those kids because neither one of those bombs went off in the cafeteria, says Robert Armstrong of Ara- pahoe. Thats a big thing. Bad bomb makers made for a lot of live kids. Weve got to health be thankful for that.

In all, bomb technicians found 76 explosive de- vices at the school, as well as two bombs in the field, 13 in the two cars, and eight more at the two students houses, for a total of speeches, 99. Last year we had 79 bomb calls, says Dan Davis of the Arapahoe bomb squad, and a lot of those were just suspicious packages. This was well over a years worth of fahrenheit 451 beatty, devices in one. night. With the bomb work finally done, meanwhile, the main crime scene investigation began in earnest. When completed in 8th grade graduation, mid-June, seven teams had col- lected more than 10,000 pieces of evidence, taken some 10,000 photographs, and conducted about 5,000 interviews. In mid-July, the county school dis- trict finally was allowed to fahrenheit quotes begin making repairs and alterations to graduation speeches the badly damaged school building.43.

With the investigation concluded, Columbine still did not fade quickly from the nations consciousness. Over the following months, commentators, politicians, and othersbacking a range of I'll Never Get Sick Night At Midnight, causes from gun control, to curtailed violence in movies, to increased parental involvementpointed to the shootings at the high school as a poignant and powerful symbol of the need for change in American society. Graduation Speeches. While residents in the Columbine area also mulled these issues, for many, an examination of the in mauritius emergency response, itself, became the primary focus. Newspaper articles critical of 8th grade graduation speeches, law en- forcement actions appeared within days of the shootings, and several months later, the families of victims brought lawsuits against emergency responders, the school, and fahrenheit 451 beatty quotes even the parents of Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold. Even without this outside scrutiny, though, the shootings at Columbine would remain etched in the minds of all those who were there on April 20, 1999, whether students, teachers, or SWAT members. 8th Grade Graduation. And for many, the questions raised by the experience would never be easily answered. I think about this thing every day of my life, says JeffCo SWAT mem- ber A.J. Climate. DeAndrea. I have to read about it every day in the newspaper. 8th Grade. I see those kids lying there every day. Ive soul searched, what could I have done dif- ferently?

What could I have done better? He adds: The only pelka case, way I could have changed it is to 8th grade graduation have been right there, to know it was going to go down, and to fahrenheit quotes have been able to speeches engage them the second that they started. And lives still would have been lost. 1. It would be months more before some investi- gators accepted that the Get Sick Study Sessions In Your Wine carnage unleashed that day had been the work of just those two. 2. Though the 8th grade school had a Littleton address, it actu- ally lay about two-and-a-half miles outside the fahrenheit city border. 3. As was the case with about 50 percent of SWAT teams nationwide, JeffCo SWAT members didnt have designated take-home cars in which they. could keep their tactical equipment. As a result, 16. when paged for a SWAT response, most members headed first to the Sheriffs Office to speeches gather their equipment and then drove together to the scene. Full-time urban SWAT teams, by contrast, typi- cally kept their equipment with them at all times, and could report directly to climate a developing incident.

4. In addition to original interviews, this account re- 17. lies heavily on the Jefferson County Sheriffs Office Report in CD-ROM format, titled, Columbine High School Shootings: April 20, 1999. Due to. legal proceedings related to the shootings at Columbine, many law enforcement responders declined to be interviewed for this case study. 18. 5. The two students killed outside of the school were Rachel Scott and Daniel Rohrbough. Graduation Speeches. The student first reported as injured in the parking lot, mean- 19. while, was Anne Marie Hochhalter, who survived the attack, but whose injuries left her paralyzed. 6. The objects reported as hand grenades were later found to be small home-made bombs. 7. Thirty-four students who were also in the library. were uninjured.

20. 451 Beatty Quotes. 8. The man was later discovered to be a heating and air conditioning repairman who was there to fix a leak. 8th Grade. He was removed from the in mauritius roof. shortly after noon. Speeches. 9. According to daniel pelka case the JeffCo Sheriffs Report, instead. of a gunman, the graduation students were hearing custo- dians with keys and school radios.

10. Harriss nickname was Reb, which may have 21. aggravated confusion over his first name. 11. Although Columbine wasnt in climate, Arapahoe County, several members of the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office 22. command staff reported before JeffCo because their headquarters was only a few miles away, while it was about 15 miles to JeffCos headquar- ters in Golden. 8th Grade Graduation. 23. 12. DiManna was off duty when the shooting broke out, but drove directly to Columbine when he. heard the report on his radio.

13. Pelka. Jefferson County Sheriffs Office Report, Col- umbine High School Shootings: April 20, 1999, Narrative Time Line of 8th grade speeches, Events: 11:10 a.m. to fahrenheit 11:59 a.m. 24. 14. Littleton Fires own ambulances, known in the department as rescue units, only handled criti- cal patients, in order to keep fire resources freed up for 8th grade graduation speeches emergencies. 15. The victim was Daniel Rohrbough, one of the pelka 25. first students to be killed by the shooters. The congestion was worse than it might have been, Rahne says, because Denver police didnt trust the capabilities of outlying agencies and had called for their own fire department and paramedics to report. All of a sudden, he says, we had Denver police, Denver fire, and graduation Den- ver paramedics all coming.

Fire and law enforcement agencies managing a major incident usually each established a basea designated area near the incident where arriving resources could assemble and be briefedand staging areas, from which ready resources could be deployed. The individual was questioned and later re- leased. According to the JeffCo Sheriffs report, he claimed to be there to help the police. Although law enforcement and the media ini- tially seized on the Trench Coat Mafia angle, students identified with this set were later found to be so loosely organized that they didnt con- stitute a real group, and apple vitamin c Harris and Klebold werent even members of that crowd. The bomb that initially exploded in the field was inside a backpack, and detonated after a road worker picked up the bag and tossed it aside. A bomb in a second backpack nearby exploded soon after, probably ignited by 8th grade graduation, the fire. Bomb technicians were never able to determine whether the jane adams history device functioned as planned, or was simply triggered when thrown. Mobile command trucks from Denver and Arapahoe County had arrived earlier and were being used for other functions. While clearing cars might seem a mundane job for SWAT, Sheriff Sullivan says it was actually a fine fit. 8th Grade Graduation Speeches. Number one, theyre a team. Number two, theyre very healthy, very strong individuals. Some agencies tried to connect using established mutual aid channels, such as Colorado Law En- forcement Emergency Radio (CLEER), or Interna- tional Tactical Channel (ITAC). Even these, however, had frequency constraints, with CLEER being a UHF channel, and I'll Get Sick Of Late Night Sessions In Your ITAC only graduation, available to climate users of 800 MHz systems.

The group had to move slowly, observers say, because the fastest and most direct route to the west entrance went right by the school, within easy shooting range of any gunmen who might be inside. After shots were exchanged during the initial medical rescues on the south side of the graduation speeches school, Susan Rosegrant / The. Shootings at Columbine High School 279. 280 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Littleton Fire had concluded it was too danger- ous to send in more paramedics until the climate in mauritius build- ing was secured. 37. 26. The deceased students were Rachel Scott and 8th grade Daniel Rohrbough, the latter being the student already pronounced dead by in mauritius, the paramedics 38. more than a half hour before. 27.

Investigators later speculated that those hidden 39. Speeches. were actually hearing the sounds of SWAT teams breaking down doors. 28. Unlike many SWAT commanders, Manwaring often deployed to the site with the team instead of remaining at a tactical command post, al- though he didnt enter the building. 29. Davis had been with the jane adams Sheriffs Office for 20 years, eighteen-and-a-half of them in uniform before becoming the 8th grade speeches PIO. 40. 30. Among the breaking stories Davis had to deal with early that afternoon was the health definition apprehen- sion by officers of three young men dressed in 8th grade graduation, black who were walking near the school. The three were let go a few hours later after police concluded they had no connection with Columbine or the shootings.

41. 31. The JeffCo Sheriffs Office eventually asked the Federal Aviation Administration to impose tempo- rary flight restrictions over the school to clear the airspace. 32. In his four years on SWAT, DeAndrea had only worked with another team during one incident. 42. 33. David Olinger, The Denver Post, Columbine Rescuers in the Dark: Officers in School Were Unaware of history, Dying Teacher, May 30, 1999. 34.

The JeffCo Sheriffs own helicopter arrived later in the afternoon, but did not contribute to the response. 43. 35. Ireland, who had been shot twice in the head, recovered, but remained partially paralyzed on his right side. 36. Speeches. By this time, Littleton Fire had established two additional triage sites to treat the injured, Chapter 9 Review Questions. including one right outside the main east entrance.

Through the investigation that followed, it re- mained unclear whether earlier medical atten- tion might have saved Dave Sanderss life. The injured student, Lisa Kreutz, survived her injuries. Teams wrote the names of their jurisdictions and jane history the time searched on the door of each room, De- Andrea says, to make it clear which rooms they had checked. The only graduation, untoward occurrence of the second sweep was when a SWAT team used frangible slugs fired from daniel pelka case a shotgun to blow the hinges off a locked door without warning the other teams in 8th grade graduation speeches, advance, sparking a short-lived armed response. Stone was roundly criticized for releasing such an inaccurate figure.

According to climate Davis, though, the number was not far out of line, given the conflicting reports theyd received from inside the speeches school, and the number of crit- ically injured students already rushed to hospi- tals who were not expected to survive. Although the coroner wanted to withhold notifications until after a formal identification, District Attorney David Thomas and a few associates broke the news to families still wait- ing at jane adams history, Leawood, as well as to those who had returned to their homes. Although Joe Dempsey says one of the timed pipe bombs intended to 8th grade trigger a propane tank did go off, either because the timer worked or because a pipe bomb tossed near it set it off, it didnt detonate with the apple vitamin c force necessary to puncture and ignite the propane tank. The most significant change was the demoli- tion of the library to create an open atrium over the cafeteria. The school also added an 8th grade graduation, emer- gency exit door to the science wing. (Stillman, Richard. Public Administration, 9th Edition. Cengage Learning US, Aug-04. pp. I'll Never Get Sick Of Late Night Study At Midnight. cclxxxii cccv). Assignmnent Criteria for 8th grade Unit 6 Annotated Bibliography: Write a paper analyzing your findings from your research, the literature reviews conducted in your annotated bibliography assignment, and articles in the Course Articles and Media repository, along with your recommendations for review how the public administration system could have been altered to change the outcome of the 8th grade graduation speeches case study you chose.

Complete the following: Discuss and evaluate the relationship between public administration theory and the case study you chose. Discuss and evaluate internal and external environmental relationships that affect the case study you chose. Discuss and evaluate public administration process as it relates to the case study you chose. Write a conclusion to summarize what you learned and implications for the future of public administration as it relates to the case study you chose. Recommend how public administration can improve. Your assignment should meet the following requirements: Written communication: Written communication is jane adams free of errors that detract from the overall message. APA formatting: Include a minimum of 1015 resources and citations formatted according to APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines. Include APA subheadings. Length of paper: 1520 double-spaced pages.

Font and font size: Arial 12 point. Contents: Include a title page, abstract, table of contents, reference list, a literature review of the theories and constructs in 8th grade graduation speeches, public administration, and case study analysis. In this assignment, you are required to prepare an pelka, annotated bibliography (23 pages) and a rough draft outline (23 pages, for a total of 46 pages for 8th grade graduation speeches the entire paper) for your case study analysis final project. You will use the research collected in review, this assignment to complete your final project. Step 1: Develop an Annotated Bibliography. Your annotated bibliography should: Provide a citation in APA style for each reference.

Provide a summary of the key ideas of 8th grade graduation speeches, each reference. Describe how each source relates to the course project topic. Provide a brief summary of each major content area. List subsections with each major content area. Step 2: Create a Rough Draft Outline of the Case Study Analysis. Identify and define the theories you will use in apple vitamin c, your case study analysis. (Note: Be sure to reference the author or developer of the theory.) Identify the public administration process or processes that relate to the case study. Identify the speeches internal and external relationships that you will analyze regarding this case study. Your assignment should meet the following requirements: Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message. APA formatting: Include a minimum of Study And Cheap, 10 resources and 8th grade graduation citations formatted according to daniel case APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines. Other resources such as Web sites, other journal articles, and videos can be included. Cite these resources using APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines.

Include APA subheadings. Length of paper: 23 pages for 8th grade speeches annotated outline and 23 pages for annotated bibliography. Use double-spaced pages. Font and font size: Arial 12 point. u09a1 Case Study Analysis Final Project Criteria:

Write a paper analyzing your findings from apple vitamin c your research, the literature reviews conducted in your annotated bibliography assignment, and 8th grade articles in the Course Articles and Get Sick Of Late Sessions Dorm And Cheap Wine At Midnight Media repository, along with your recommendations for how the public administration system could have been altered to change the outcome of the case study you chose. Complete the following: Discuss and evaluate the relationship between public administration theory and the case study you chose. Discuss and evaluate internal and external environmental relationships that affect the case study you chose. Discuss and evaluate public administration process as it relates to the case study you chose. Write a conclusion to summarize what you learned and implications for the future of 8th grade graduation speeches, public administration as it relates to the case study you chose. Recommend how public administration can improve. Your assignment should meet the following requirements: Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message. APA formatting: Include a minimum of 1015 resources and citations formatted according to climate in mauritius APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines. Include APA subheadings. Length of paper: 1520 double-spaced pages.

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